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  Subjects -> ANTHROPOLOGY (Total: 398 journals)
Showing 1 - 90 of 90 Journals sorted alphabetically
(con)textos: revista d'antropologia i investigació social     Open Access  
AbeÁfrica : Revista da Associação Brasileira de Estudos Africanos     Open Access  
Abstracts in Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
ACENO - Revista de Antropologia do Centro-Oeste     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Baltico-Slavica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Ethnographica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
African American Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
African and Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
African Anthropologist     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
African Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
African Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 364)
Alteridades     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Anthropologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 145)
American Ethnologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79)
American Journal of Human Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Physical Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Anadolu Araştırmaları / Anatolian Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales de Antropología     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anales de Arqueología y Etnología     Open Access  
Análise Social     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Andes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis / Studia de Cultura     Open Access  
Annals of Anthropological Practice     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Annual Review of Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 169)
AnthropoChildren     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anthropoetics : the journal of generative anthropolgy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anthropologia integra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anthropologica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anthropologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Anthropological Forum: A journal of social anthropology and comparative sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Anthropological Journal of European Cultures     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anthropological Linguistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anthropological Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Anthropological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
AntHropológicas Visual     Open Access  
Anthropologie & Développement     Open Access  
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Anthropologie et Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Anthropologischer Anzeiger     Full-text available via subscription  
Anthropology & Education Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Anthropology & Humanism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Anthropology & Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Anthropology & Aging     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anthropology & Archeology of Eurasia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Anthropology in Action : Journal for Applied Anthropology in Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Anthropology News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Anthropology Now     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Anthropology of Consciousness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Anthropology of the Middle East     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Anthropology of Work Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Anthropology Southern Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anthropology Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Anthropozoologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Antipoda : Revista de Antropología y Arqueología     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Antiquaries Journal, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Antropologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antropología Experimental     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antropología Social y Cultural en Uruguay     Open Access  
Antropológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AntropoWebzin     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ANUAC : La rivista dell' Associazione Nazionale Universitaria Antropologi Culturali     Open Access  
Anuário Antropológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Archeological Papers of The American Anthropological Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Archivio Antropologico Mediterraneo     Open Access  
Arctic Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Arctic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Artefact : the journal of the Archaeological and Anthropological Society of Victoria     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Ateliers d'anthropologie     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Australian Cultural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Australian Historical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Avá. Revista de Antropologia     Open Access  
Behavioural Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Behemoth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BMC Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletim Gaúcho de Geografia     Open Access  
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletin de Antropologia Universidad de Antioquia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Borderlands Journal : Culture, Politics, Law and Earth     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buildings & Landscapes: Journal of the Vernacular Architecture Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Bulletin de l’APAD     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos CERU     Open Access  
Cadernos de Arte e Antropologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Campo     Open Access  
Cadernos de Estudos Africanos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cadernos do LEPAARQ     Open Access  
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers d’études africaines     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cambridge Journal of Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Chinese Sociology & Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chungara (Arica) - Revista de Antropologia Chilena     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciência & Trópico     Open Access  
City & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Civilisations     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Collaborative Anthropologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Collegium Antropologicum     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Communication, technologies et développement     Open Access  
Comparative Cultural Studies : European and Latin American Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Conflict and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Critical Romani Studies     Open Access  
Critique of Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Cuadernos de Antropología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Antropología     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Antropologia Social     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos del Instituto Nacional de Antropología y Pensamiento Latinoamericano - Series Especiales     Open Access  
Cuadernos Inter.c.a.mbio sobre Centroamérica y el Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuicuilco     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuicuilco. Revista de Ciencias Antropológicas     Open Access  
Cultural Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 172)
Cultural Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Culture & Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Current Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 167)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desacatos : Revista de Antropología Social     Open Access  
Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology     Open Access  
Dialectical Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Discourse Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Disparidades : Revista de Antropología     Open Access  
Dotawo : A Journal of Nubian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Durkheimian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
E&G Quaternary Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
E-Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
East Asian Pragmatics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
East Central Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
East-West Cultural Passage     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ecocycles     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Economic Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Episteme : Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman     Open Access  
Estudios Atacameños     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ethnobiology Letters     Open Access  
Ethnographic Encounters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ethnographic Praxis in Industry Conference     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Ethnography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 89)
Ethnohistory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Ethnologia Actualis     Open Access  
Ethnology : An International Journal of Cultural and Social Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Ethnomusicology Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Ethnos: Journal of Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85)
Ethnoscientia : Brazilian Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnoecology     Open Access  
Ethos     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EtnoAntropologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Etnográfica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evolutionary Anthropology Issues News and Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Evolutionary Human Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Exchange     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Feminist Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Field Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Focaal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Folia Praehistorica Posnaniensia     Open Access  
Food and Foodways: Explorations in the History and Culture of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
French Politics, Culture & Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
General Anthropology Bulletin of The General Anthropology Division     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geografiska Annaler, Series B : Human Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Geographica Helvetica     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
GEOUSP : Espaço e Tempo     Open Access  
Gesture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
GIS : Gesto, Imagem e Som – Revista de Antropologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Change, Peace & Security: formerly Pacifica Review: Peace, Security & Global Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 273)
Gradhiva     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Grafo Working Papers     Open Access  
Group Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Historical Biology: An International Journal of Paleobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Histories of Anthropology Annual     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
History and Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Human Organization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
human_ontogenetics     Hybrid Journal  
IBEROAMERICANA. América Latina - España - Portugal     Open Access  
Il Capitale Culturale. Studies on the Value of Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ilha Revista de Antropologia     Open Access  
Images re-vues : histoire, anthropologie et théorie de l'art     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Interações (Campo Grande)     Open Access  
Interdisciplinary Journal of Partnership Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Anthropology and Ethnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Listening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Modern Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Osteoarchaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Tourism Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Intersecciones en Antropologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

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Anthropological Theory
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.739
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 42  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1463-4996 - ISSN (Online) 1741-2641
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1174 journals]
  • La critique est aisée, mais l’art est difficile. A critical
           anthropology put to the test of decolonization: Lessons from New Caledonia
           

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Natacha Gagné, Marie Salaün
      Abstract: Anthropological Theory, Ahead of Print.
      This article focuses on anthropologists’ analyses of decolonization struggles in relationship to past and present movements for self-determination. We begin by highlighting the relevance of Georges Balandier's model of the “colonial situation” for the understanding of these struggles. Next, we show that, as Pierre Bourdieu, following Balandier, suggested, the analysis of these struggles cannot forego an analysis of the position of the researchers themselves in the situation. This brings to light the difficulty of constructing one's “atopic position” as a researcher in decolonization processes. We aim to show that the theoretical precepts which anthropologists adopt (and the precepts’ moral underpinnings) lead them to minimize or overlook the political aspects of decolonization processes. This involves a certain blindness to the concrete conditions—economic, social, and political—that have led to the situation in question. We explore in detail the example of “critical” analyses of the “Kanak People's School System” (École populaire kanak, EPK)—a nationalist Kanak project, aimed at decolonizing the New Caledonia school system in the mid-1980s. We also briefly look at “critical” interpretations of a recent initiative undertaken by a segment of the Kanak population involving the establishment of a written “customary law” in civil (and potentially criminal) matters, which tends to distance itself from the nationalist strategy.
      Citation: Anthropological Theory
      PubDate: 2022-04-18T09:03:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14634996221086461
       
  • The misperception of the environment: A critical evaluation of the work of
           Tim Ingold and an alternative guide to the use of the senses in
           anthropological theory

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      Authors: David Howes
      Abstract: Anthropological Theory, Ahead of Print.
      This article presents a critical evaluation of the work of Tim Ingold from the standpoint of social and sensory anthropology. It acknowledges the novelty of the emphasis on enskillment, movement, process, and growth in Ingold's work. However, it is critical of his abstraction of the senses, which are rendered ‘interchangeable’, and of persons, who are reduced to generic individuals. Ingold's anthropology is shown to be pre-cultural and post-social at once, with the result that it fails to address the sociality of sensation and cultural mediation of perception. Ingold's doctrine of ‘direct perception’ is exposed as particularly problematic. In place of his emphasis on ‘the life of lines’, this article foregrounds the life of the senses, and in lieu of his diminution of the social, it acknowledges the politics of perception that inform most every perceptual act. The article concludes with a series of reflections on how to go about sensualizing anthropological theory and practicing sensory ethnography (i.e. the methodology of participant sensation).
      Citation: Anthropological Theory
      PubDate: 2022-03-03T10:13:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14634996211067307
       
  • The bewitchment of our intelligence: Scepticism about other minds in
           anthropology

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      Authors: Marco Motta
      Abstract: Anthropological Theory, Ahead of Print.
      This article aims at characterizing how the problem of scepticism about other minds appears in anthropology. To do so, I offer a close reading of Nils Bubandt's book, The Empty Seashell (2014), a study of witchcraft and doubt on the North Maluku Island of Halmahera. Through its deep engagement with issues revolving around scepticism, I take the book to be an example of the tendency to consider the problem of sceptical doubt about others as a problem of access to the inner thoughts and feelings of other people. By looking closely at its attempts to respond to this problem, I endeavour to shed light on the ways in which, in working the problem of scepticism out, we may be doing exactly the reverse: giving into the sceptical impulse. How does a certain way of asking questions about scepticism nourish the drive to it' I am interested in the drift towards scepticism that precisely takes the form of a claim against it. In showing that such a drift is prompted by a certain use of language, I hope to elucidate some ways in which scepticism is lived and is thus not merely an intellectual conundrum, but an ordinary human condition.
      Citation: Anthropological Theory
      PubDate: 2022-02-17T01:25:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14634996221080578
       
  • Rethinking prevention as a reactive force to contain dangerous classes

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      Authors: Angel Aedo, Paulina Faba
      Abstract: Anthropological Theory, Ahead of Print.
      The pervasiveness of preventive rationality, which is especially evident in populations caught in the prison-neighbourhood circuit, constitutes a challenging field for anthropological theory because it allows us to rethink the problem of hegemony in the context of the crises of capitalism. Drawing on research conducted in Chile amongst practitioners of crime prevention programmes and prisoners’ families targeted by such initiatives, in this paper, we explore crime prevention as a political concept whose effects are inseparable from the maintenance of class and gender disparities. In conceptualising how petty crime prevention has become a predominant technology of classifying, policing and managing low-income populations, we take Foucault's notion of illegalism – as distinct from illegality – and extend it to dispossessed groups affected by dramatic levels of economic inequality and structural violence. We discuss preventive rationality in relation to the contradictions engendered by an authoritarian form of capitalism protected by constitutional constraints inherited from the Pinochet dictatorship. By connecting the conceptualisation of petty crime prevention to the ongoing contradictions of the society in which we live, we seek to sharpen attention to the ways in which the neoliberal hegemony attempts to contain its decline.
      Citation: Anthropological Theory
      PubDate: 2022-01-27T01:37:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14634996211069757
       
  • Charity and grace

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      Authors: João Pina-Cabral
      Abstract: Anthropological Theory, Ahead of Print.
      This essay attempts to reconcile charity with grace, the central concepts of two thinkers whose views may seem irreconcilable to many: Donald Davidson, an analytical philosopher and the most distinguished follower of Quine; and Julian Pitt-Rivers, an Europeanist anthropologist, who wrote at length on Spain and Southern France. The latter's historicist exegesis of gracia points to basic aspects of human experience that are also salient in the reduction to basics that Davidson carried out concerning interpretation and truth. For Davidson, in the face of ultimate indeterminacy, interpretation is made possible due to the rational accommodation that charity sparks off. For Pitt-Rivers, gratuity highlights how processes of personal interaction depend on the drawing of shared trajectories: that is, not only do I have to grant others charity to make sense of them, I also have to frame others as subjects with a future by relation to myself as already in existence. The paper proposes that human interaction involves processes of sensemaking that integrate shared intentionality (i.e. the credit with which we respond to the indeterminacy of meaning) with shared experience (i.e. the debt implicit in the ultimate underdetermination of the world's entities). Thus, it brings both concepts together under the label of charis, their common etymological root, suggesting that the dynamic it represents is a broader feature of life itself.
      Citation: Anthropological Theory
      PubDate: 2022-01-10T12:43:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14634996211057844
       
  • Sovereignty as new beginnings: Action beyond the liberal subject, among
           undercover police investigators in Europe, for example

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      Authors: Gregory Feldman
      Abstract: Anthropological Theory, Ahead of Print.
      This article argues that Schmitt's “state of exception” is only one expression of the deeper sovereign phenomenon, specifically the human capacity to inaugurate new beginnings in shared space. Sovereign action thus includes anything from Schmitt's vertically-imposed state of exception, which eliminates political subjecthood, to the thrill of horizontally-arranged movements, which enable it. To make this argument, the article foregoes the idea of the bounded, internally coherent liberal subject in favor of a relational subject, who is both internally divided and inherently tied to others. The subject's instability and relationality make new beginnings possible and renders sovereign action promising, even if risky. An unexpected example of this fuller view of sovereignty appears in an undercover police team in southern Europe that investigates global human smuggling and trafficking rings. Based on extensive ethnographic research, this article shows how they often act on their own ethical judgments, reached by considering the standpoints of people tied to their investigations, rather than through obedience to law, policy, or superior command. Acting outside constitutional order, these investigators, (re)constitute themselves as particular persons through their joint actions and simultaneously constitute modest sovereign spaces, however tentatively.
      Citation: Anthropological Theory
      PubDate: 2022-01-06T04:46:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14634996211066367
       
  • Towards a pragmatist anthropology: Objectivity, relativism, ethnocentrism,
           and intropathy

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      Authors: Guilherme Figueiredo
      First page: 176
      Abstract: Anthropological Theory, Ahead of Print.
      In this article, I discuss central concerns that have run throughout the history of anthropology since the beginning of the twentieth century, culminating in the recent ontological turn. These are relativism, incommensurability, ethnocentrism, and what I call intropathy. I also explore how the epistemic principles of ‘objectivity’ and ‘relativism’ share the same representationalist foundations, and argue how the ontological turn, despite the claims of its proponents, still reproduces some representationalist ideals of inquiry. Based mainly on the ideas of Richard Rorty, I propose a fully antirepresentationalist, antiessentialist alternative for anthropology that effectively avoids the traps of traditional epistemology and thus disengages the very terms that engender the relativism/objectivism dichotomy.
      Citation: Anthropological Theory
      PubDate: 2022-02-08T10:09:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14634996211058852
       
  • The ‘onto-logics’ of perspectival multi-naturalism: A realist
           critique

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      Authors: Eldar Bråten
      First page: 201
      Abstract: Anthropological Theory, Ahead of Print.
      In this article, I argue for a realist anthropology based on the recognition of mind-independent reality; pitching this premise against concerted anti-dualist tendencies in contemporary anthropological thinking. I spell out core analytical entailments of these, in my view, profoundly conflicting premises. In particular, I focus on perspectival multi-naturalism, arguing that despite adherents’ claims to reinvigorate studies of ‘ontology’, this approach instead exaggerates epistemological dimensions. When assessed from a realist stance, its ground position engenders a series of epistemic fallacies by which the ontological is, effectively, subordinated under epistemology. Advocates’ reluctance to appreciate a distinction between mind and mind-independent reality entails a profound contraction of perspective in terms of empirical and methodological scope, and, analytically, a disregard for ontological complexity and depth, thus curtailing the importance of anthropology in wider academic discourse.
      Citation: Anthropological Theory
      PubDate: 2022-02-01T12:25:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14634996211072369
       
  • Believe it and/or not: Opening up to ontological pluralities in Northern
           Thailand

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      Authors: Felicity Aulino
      First page: 222
      Abstract: Anthropological Theory, Ahead of Print.
      In this article, I argue that the study of belief in anthropology generally connotes an “either/or” dichotomy—either one believes something or one does not—which exceeds the concept of belief and stems from monotheistic and totalizing biases rampant throughout the discipline. Thus, I take up John Mair's recent call to study cultures of belief in relation to cosmo- and pluriverse politics. Drawing on a Pali philosophical lineage, I list overlapping ways people invoke belief and believing in northern Thailand. I then argue that a local kaleidoscopic theory of mind, in step with this logic of listing, can provide inroads to patterns, modes, and styles of belief inaccessible within prevailing anthropological paradigms. By playing with academic form as well as the somewhat out of fashion concept of belief, I highlight a particular sense of karmic contingency and related assumptions about multiplicity—of perspectives and of realities. This study of belief in turn serves at once to underscore pluralities as experienced in northern Thai contexts, to suggest such possibilities elsewhere, and to draw attention to the consequential limitations placed on conceptual landscapes by the underlying ontological assumptions of dominant forms of western knowledge production.
      Citation: Anthropological Theory
      PubDate: 2022-03-16T08:27:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14634996221081321
       
  • Ethical infrastructure: Halal and the ecology of askesis in Muslim Russia

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      Authors: Matteo (Teo) Benussi
      Abstract: Anthropological Theory, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores the ecology of late-modern askesis through the concept of ‘ethical infrastructure’: the array of goods, locales, technologies, procedures, and sundry pieces of equipment upon which the possibility of ethicists’ striving is premised. By looking at the ethnographic case of halal living among Muslim pietists in post-Soviet Tatarstan (Russia), I advance a framework that highlights the ‘profane’, often unassuming or religiously unmarked, yet essential material scaffolding constituting the ‘material conditions of possibility’ for pious life in the lifeworld of late modernity. Halalness is conceptualised not as an inherent quality of a clearly defined set of things, but as a (sometimes complicated) relationship between humans, ethical intentionality, and infrastructurally organised habitats. Pointing beyond the case of halal, this article syncretises theories of self-cultivation, material religion, ethical consumption, and infrastructure to address current lacunas and explore fresh theoretical and methodological ground. This ‘ethical infrastructure’ framework enables us to conceptualise the embeddedness of contemporary ethicists in complex environments and the process by which processes of inner self-fashioning change and are changed by material worlds.
      Citation: Anthropological Theory
      PubDate: 2021-12-06T10:33:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14634996211059724
       
  • Corporate sovereignty: Negotiating permissive power for profit in Southern
           Africa

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      Authors: Tessa Diphoorn, Nikkie Wiegink
      Abstract: Anthropological Theory, Ahead of Print.
      The growing engagement with sovereignty in anthropology has resulted in a range of concepts that encapsulate how various (non-state) actors execute power. In this paper, we further unpack the concept of ‘corporate sovereignty’ and outline its conceptual significance. Corporate sovereignty refers to performative claims to power undertaken by (individuals aligned to) corporate entities with profit-making objectives within a state-sanctioned space. This contrasts with claims made by other (non-state) actors who operate in a permissive space that (regularly) lacks this legally grounded relationship with the state. By unpacking this state-sanctioned permissive space and highlighting the role of the state as the arbiter, our approach to corporate sovereignty offers a new comparative analytical perspective to theorize how sovereignty is performed and opens ethnographic avenues to explore how sovereignty is negotiated and co-produced across diverse localities. To elucidate our argument, we draw from ethnographic fieldwork conducted on coal mining companies in Mozambique and private security companies in South Africa. By focusing on cases that differ, we want to show the multitude of ways in which corporate sovereignty is enacted and takes shape.
      Citation: Anthropological Theory
      PubDate: 2021-09-06T10:46:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14634996211037124
       
  • Eleven Namibian rains: A phenomenological analysis of experience in time

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      Authors: Michael Schnegg
      Abstract: Anthropological Theory, Ahead of Print.
      The Damara pastoralists (ǂnūkhoen) in Namibia distinguish a diverse range of rains. Some rains kill livestock, others care for insects and still others wash away the footprints of the deceased, allowing the person to exist in the spirit realm. While anthropologists have documented cultural classifications like the Namibian rains for decades, we still lack a convincing theory to explain how they come to exist. To address this, I develop a phenomenological perspective and theorise how experience contributes to what rain becomes. I argue with Husserl that the present in which we experience the rain is not a discrete moment, but a unity across a succession of ‘nows’. In the process, perceptions, images, memories and expectations about past and future events blend. In other words, a web of meaningful relationships connects the rain we experience ‘now’ with multiple past and future entities, including people, plants, spirits and animals. I refer to this as network formation. Combining the analyses of the people's pastoral being-in-the-world and their historical–political context, including post-colonialism, allows an explanation as to why some of those combinations are singled out and become distinct ontological entities. I refer to this as node selection. Combining the two processes – network formation and node selection – allows for an explanation as to why precipitation becomes discernible and meaningful as eleven different Namibian rains.
      Citation: Anthropological Theory
      PubDate: 2021-08-09T01:22:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14634996211035365
       
  • Fabulous: Remarks on scenarism, simulations, and scenarios

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      Authors: James D Faubion
      Abstract: Anthropological Theory, Ahead of Print.
      In “Governing the Future,” Limor Samimian-Darash does much to illuminate scenarism and the divergence between the simulations and the scenarios that constitute the chief apparatuses of anticipatory governance. She renders both of them fabulations, drawing the concept as well as the divergence between simulations and scenarios from the epistemological and ontological precedents that Henri Bergson and Gilles Deleuze have set. Her renderings are compelling, but leave many epistemological and ontological issues unresolved. I address three of these issues. First, it has to do with what sort of concept scenarism might be. Second, it has to do with the poetics of simulations and scenarios. Third, it has to do with the virtuality or actuality of simulations and scenarios, in their planning as in their enactments.
      Citation: Anthropological Theory
      PubDate: 2021-07-26T03:58:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14634996211033443
       
  • Value moves in multiple ways: Ethical values, the anthropology of
           Christianity, and an example of women and movement

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      Authors: Ingie Hovland
      Abstract: Anthropological Theory, Ahead of Print.
      How can anthropologists describe ethical values—that is, what emerges as important—in the social, material worlds of Christianity' This article considers the question by working along interfaces. The first part of the article discusses two diverging approaches to values in the anthropology of Christianity (realizing values and producing values) and situates these in relation to three groupings in the anthropology of ethics and morality (deontological ethics, first-person virtue ethics, and poststructuralist virtue ethics). The second part of the article follows one value—the value of movement—in a historical example: the writings of a group of Christian women in 1880s and 1890s Norway. I argue that ethical values move in multiple ways through this social world: people realize values, people produce values and people work on values.
      Citation: Anthropological Theory
      PubDate: 2021-07-21T03:09:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14634996211029729
       
  • Governing the future through scenaristic and simulative modalities of
           imagination

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      Authors: Limor Samimian-Darash
      Abstract: Anthropological Theory, Ahead of Print.
      In this article, I examine several expressions of imaginative practices to unpack the umbrella term scenario. Drawing on my long-term fieldwork on Israel’s annual Turning Point exercises, I examine actual uses of scenarios and distinguish between two different logics of imaginative practices and the modalities in which the future is governed by them, which I refer to as the scenaristic and the simulative. As I demonstrate, these two modalities can be distinguished from each other in terms of their approaches to future uncertainty, their temporalities and the role of imagination within their enactment. To further conceptually develop the logics of imagination, I draw on Deleuze’s and Bergson’s discussions of the concept of fabulation, and I suggest that scenarios and simulations represent two different logics of future-governing that are based on practices of imagination.
      Citation: Anthropological Theory
      PubDate: 2021-05-21T12:51:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14634996211014116
       
  • Ellen and the little one: A critical phenomenology of potentiality in life
           with dementia

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      Authors: Rasmus Dyring, Lone Grøn
      First page: 3
      Abstract: Anthropological Theory, Ahead of Print.
      In this article, we outline a critical phenomenology of potentiality as it emerges in life with dementia. Foregrounding the sources of everyday creativity that are part of life with dementia, we propose a critical counter-argument to that of dementia as a form of living death. Our ethnographic vantage point is an episode we encountered during fieldwork at a dementia unit in Denmark. Here, one of the residents of the unit, Ellen, is interrupted in her ways of inhabiting the world by an intimate encounter with a polymorphous creature she calls ‘the Little One’. We argue that this interruption is an ontological event that ushers in new meaningful possibilities for Ellen and the Little One—and for Ellen’s relatives, caregivers, and several other residents—to co-inhabit the world. In critical dialogue with recent theoretical developments in the anthropology of cognitive disability and the ontological turn, we develop a differential social ontology capable of tracing how such interruptions characterize everyday life at the unit—and how various ways of responding to the potentiality of interruptions form responsive communities of care that cross often profound differences between people and between humans and non-humans, such as Ellen and the Little One. We conclude by briefly sketching some implications of these arguments for the care ethics that underlie institutional practices of dementia care.
      Citation: Anthropological Theory
      PubDate: 2021-06-26T06:30:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14634996211010512
       
  • Between shame and a shared world: Toward a democratized theory of
           heterodoxical awareness

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      Authors: Jonathan DeVore
      First page: 52
      Abstract: Anthropological Theory, Ahead of Print.
      This article develops a democratized account of heterodoxy that draws attention to how heterodoxical discourses may implicitly arise through social interaction. The analysis is based on one rural Brazilian woman’s claim that it tastes better to eat beans and rice by using one’s fingers. Formerly common in Brazil prior to the 20th century—across identities, regions, and classes—the practice of “eating by hand” was gradually erased from public life, and reconstituted as a mark of non-whiteness, through what Norbert Elias described as a “civilizing process.” The woman’s claim registers as a heterodoxical response to hierarchized and racialized notions of taste arising from this process of historical erasure. The analysis draws on Pierre Bourdieu’s practice theory to situate the woman’s claim within a wider field of taste, while engaging with Hannah Arendt’s suggestion that aesthetic judgments may implicitly disclose shared and more equal worlds. Whereas Bourdieu’s famous account of heterodoxy focuses on leaders, experts, and spokespersons of the dominated skilled in the “work of making explicit,” the contribution draws on scholarship in analytic philosophy to argue that critical historical awareness may emerge in what philosophers of language and linguistic anthropologists call pragmatic presuppositions. The heterodoxical pragmatic presuppositions implicit in the woman’s claim conjure a notion of semiotic equality, which is disclosed as a defeasible presupposition of the ethnographic situation in which she makes her claim.
      Citation: Anthropological Theory
      PubDate: 2021-05-03T04:52:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14634996211010511
       
  • Classification revisited: On time, methodology and position in
           decolonizing anthropology

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      Authors: Peter Pels
      First page: 78
      Abstract: Anthropological Theory, Ahead of Print.
      Renewed calls for decolonizing anthropology in the 21st century raise the question of what work earlier waves of decolonization since the 1960s have left undone. Some of this work should focus on the classification of human differences, which figured prominently in all phases of the discipline’s history: as a methodology in its racist phases, as an object of study during its late colonial phase of professionalization, as self-critical reflexivity in the 1980s and 1990s, and as a renewed critique in the 21st century. Can a universal methodology of studying classifications of human kinds arise from the discipline’s past of colonial stereotyping' I argue affirmatively, through an approach that recognizes time as the epistemic condition that connects past and present positions to present and future methodologies. Firstly, my analysis distinguishes the parochial embedding in colonial culture of Durkheim and Mauss’ ideas about classification from their more universal intentions. This is then developed into a threefold reflexive and timeful methodology of studying classification’s nominal-descriptive, constructive, and interventionist dimensions—a process of adding temporality to the study of classification. Subsequently, Anténor Firmin’s 19th-century critique of racial classifications, and W. E. B. Du Bois’s theory of double consciousness help to show how this threefold methodology addresses the insufficiently theorized process of being classified and discriminated against through racial categories wielded by the powers that be. These arguments radicalize the essay’s timeful perspective by concluding that we need to avoid modernist uses of time as classification and adopt the aforementioned threefold methodology in order to put time in classifications of human kinds. This reverses modern positivism’s subordination to methodological rules of the epistemic conditions posed by contingent history and shows instead that the universal goals of methodology should be understood as a future ideal.
      Citation: Anthropological Theory
      PubDate: 2021-06-30T04:39:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14634996211011749
       
  • Anthropology and the politics of alterity: A Latin American dialectic and
           its relevance for ontological anthropologies

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      Authors: Sian Lazar
      First page: 131
      Abstract: Anthropological Theory, Ahead of Print.
      Recent anglophone ontological anthropologies have an important Latin American intellectual and political history that is rarely fully acknowledged. This article outlines some of that history, arguing that debates about the politics of this ‘ontological turn’ should be read in the context of a tension between political economy and cosmological approaches that have been a feature of Latin American anthropology in some form since the early 20th century, and that are deeply implicated in histories of conquest and colonialism, including internal colonialism. This conceptual history helps to explain both the desire of some scholars to avoid a certain kind of politicisation and the argument that methodological and theoretical innovation within anthropology is political in itself. But it also means that ontological anthropology encounters some of the same challenges faced by indigenous movements confronted with similar choices.
      Citation: Anthropological Theory
      PubDate: 2021-07-26T04:22:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14634996211030196
       
  • The ontological turn revisited: Theoretical decline. Why cannot
           ontologists fulfil their promise'

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      Authors: Martin Palecek
      First page: 154
      Abstract: Anthropological Theory, Ahead of Print.
      Holbraad and Pedersen have revisited the ontological turn, suggesting that it is strictly concerned with methodology only. Holbraad goes even further, accepting an aesthetic criterion for ethnography only. This is a sign of theoretical decline. In my paper, I claim that ontologists’ tendency to overestimate the significance of ethnographic experience causes theoretical confusion. I claim that neo-pragmatic analysis can eliminate this confusion. I also argue that there is only one remaining issue from the ontological turn that is not entirely lost. A careful evaluation of all folk categories, with all its possible consequences, can boost the robustness of all competitive theories, Cognitive Evolutionary Science included.
      Citation: Anthropological Theory
      PubDate: 2021-11-01T02:11:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14634996211050610
       
 
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