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  Subjects -> ANTHROPOLOGY (Total: 398 journals)
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East Asian Pragmatics
Number of Followers: 6  
 
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ISSN (Print) 2055-7752 - ISSN (Online) 2055-7760
Published by Equinox Publishing Homepage  [44 journals]
  • Exploring disclaimers on Chinese social networking sites from a
           metapragmatic perspective

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      Authors: Chuanqi Li, Danli Li
      Abstract: This study explores the employment of disclaimers as metapragmatic devices in online interpersonal interaction on a Chinese social networking site, Weibo. Previous studies discussed meta-negation disclaimers and meta-prohibition disclaimers. This study establishes a new type of disclaimer: meta-condition disclaimers. It examines the forms and functions of the three types of disclaimers. Prior studies explained disclaimers as either prospective moves or retrospective moves. This study further introduces disclaimers as conjunctive moves, which bridge the speaker’s ongoing communicative behaviour. Also, it investigates the communicative purposes of using disclaimers, revealing that disclaimers are mainly employed by Chinese netizens to convey criticism. Furthermore, this research probes into the underlying cultural factors of employing disclaimers. It uncovers certain values ingrained in Chinese culture, such as ren (kindheartedness), yi (righteousness) and li (politeness). The study contributes to a global understanding of disclaimers and could provide some insights into online rapport management.
      Keywords: Articles ; Managing rapport through persuasion

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        Authors: Zhipu Yang
        Pages: 1 - 25
        Abstract: This study analyses COVID-19 persuasive communication in the context of Chinese Weibo. Although COVID-19 has been investigated by linguistics scholars, little attention has been paid to how communication can help persuade and comfort people during the pandemic. Considering the exponentially augmented impact of digital platforms and their obvious public utility in the handling of future pandemics, it is worth studying the social media persuasive communication about COVID-19. Weibo, the Chinese version of Twitter, is an immensely popular platform where celebrity “influencers” shape views of the pandemic. From perspectives of relational acts and rapport management, this analysis of Chinese celebrity Weibo posts identifies persuasion at the lexical, syntactic and discursive levels to elucidate how celebrities reassure the public and manage relationships with their audience during the pandemic. The findings reveal that the celebrities use interactional metadiscourse lexicons, syntactic rhetorical devices and discursive framing strategies to maximise persuasion. This study broadens data sets of COVID-19 communications pertaining to the Chinese social media context, offers novel insights into rationales and frameworks of persuasion, and sheds light on the research of rapport management in celebrity discourse. Ultimately, it suggests that creating positive social media communication is an important goal during the pandemic.
        Keywords: Articles ; A pragmatic taxonomy of violent language in online interaction

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          Authors: Wenwen Geng
          Pages: 26 - 52
          Abstract: The features of mediated communication, along with those of internet language, enable cyber space to be a home for violent language, the adoption of which generally stems from the sender user’s intense emotions or malicious intentions. In accounting for the diffusion of violent language in online interaction from the perspective of cyberpragmatics and speech act theory, I deduce four major variables of violent language as target, intention, message and effect. Accordingly, the article suggests a pragmatic taxonomy of violent language in online interaction, which consists of six categories ranging from conventional violent language targeted at an individual to unconventional language which is not explicitly targeted. Analysis of the categories testifies that the use of violent language in online interaction is not confined to enemies or adversaries, but extends to people who are close to each other. In such a case, rather than ruin or undermine their relationship, violent language could maintain or even strengthen it. In addition to clarifying how to deal with internet language, the article offers some suggestions for further research.
          Keywords: Articles ; Building interpersonal closeness in complaint responses in customer
                 service

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            Authors: Ping Liu, Huiying Liu
            Pages: 53 - 77
            Abstract: Positioned in interpersonal pragmatics, this article examines the role of building interpersonal closeness in complaint responses in telephone interactions. Based on four extracts drawn from the data of about two hours of 15 recordings of telephone interactions between customers and the customer service agents of one Chinese airline, it reveals that the agents mainly employ six types of strategies as ways of building interpersonal closeness: alignment, compliment, affiliation, solidarity, self-disclosure and empathy. The use of these strategies, very often in combination, is intended to create and/or enhance interpersonal closeness in behavioural, affective and cognitive dimensions to facilitate complaint settlement. The findings shed light on the improvement of customer service in a more and more digitalised world.
            Keywords: Articles ; Don’t call me obasan ‘aunt’

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              Authors: Yoko Yonezawa
              Pages: 78 - 108
              Abstract: This study investigates the use of the kinship term obasan “aunt” as an address term in Japanese by analysing three types of data: metalinguistic discourse in online discussion; the most typical collocates for the term in a large corpus of Japanese websites; and the results of a survey of native speakers. The study demonstrates that address practices towards aunts appear to be changing. The most typically collocated adjectives and adjectival nouns with obasan as a term of reference in the corpus reveal an overwhelmingly negative conceptualisation of the term in contemporary contexts. The survey results show an increasing trend towards addressing aunts with their names and nicknames instead of obasan. The analysis shows an almost pejorative connotation of the fictive use of obasan, and this appears to interfere with its literal use as an address term towards actual kin, hence the decrease in its usage.
              Keywords: Articles ; On the mechanisms of presuppositions in Chinese media narratives about the
                     Sino-US trade conflict

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                Authors: Ying Xu, Lutgard Lams
                Pages: 79 - 108
                Abstract: This study investigates whether the taxonomies of presupposition triggers, as proposed by Levinson (1983) for the English language, are applicable in Chinese-language contexts and whether any Chinese linguistic devices can be found to operate as presupposition carriers that do not easily fit Levinson’s categories. Furthermore, to explore how presuppositions function as implicit tools when it comes to shaping frames of interpretation, we analyse their use in Chinese official press narratives about the Sino-US trade conflict from March to December 2018. Findings demonstrate that most of the English-language triggers are also salient in the Chinese language. Moreover, other specific Chinese presupposition-carrying devices are discussed as well. Above all, the analysis illustrates how presuppositions fulfil various roles in the communication exchange. In a sensitive context, such as the present Sino-US trade conflict, backgrounded information in the guise of presuppositions constitutes a potentially powerful tool to influence audience uptake.
                Keywords: Articles ; Politeness of Chinese-Javanese cross-ethnic communication in the Javanese
                       Cultural Area, Indonesia

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                  Authors: Edy Jauhari
                  Pages: 109 - 132
                  Abstract: The ethnic Chinese and Javanese have lived together in the Javanese Cultural Area for hundreds of years, and use the same languages in daily life, but their tendency to apply different politeness systems can cause problems. This article investigates the politeness of Chinese–Javanese cross-ethnic communication in the Javanese Cultural Area, Indonesia. Data were collected using Discourse Completion Task and analysed using the theory of Scollon & Scollon (2001). The results show that the factors that cause differences in the application of politeness systems in the ethnic Chinese and Javanese are the realisation of strategies and the contexts of strategy use. Cross-ethnic communication that occurs in the contexts (=P–D) and (=P+D) is generally normal because both ethnicities apply the same politeness system. However, in the contexts (–P+D), (+P+D), (–P–D) and (+P–D), the two ethnic groups tend to apply different politeness systems. This is prone to cause politeness friction in cross-ethnic communication.
                  Keywords: Articles ; 'East Asian Pragmatics: Commonalities and Variations' Xinren Chen and
                         Doreen Dongying Wu (Eds.) (2023)

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                    Authors: Wei Wang, Xingbing Liu
                    Pages: 133 - 138
                    Abstract: East Asian Pragmatics: Commonalities and Variations
                    Xinren Chen and Doreen Dongying Wu (Eds.) (2023)
                    Routledge
                    Keywords: Book Reviews ; Pragmatics: A Slim Guide Betty J. Birner (2021)

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                      Authors: lin lin Ye, Shi jin He, Hong li Luo
                      Pages: 161 - 165
                      Abstract: Pragmatics: A Slim Guide Betty J. Birner (2021) Oxford University Press
                      Keywords: Book Reviews ; Gendering desire

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                        Authors: Judit Kroo
                        Pages: 167 - 192
                        Abstract: This study considers the use of the multivalent casual Korean lexical item ya in a Korean television drama. Meanings of ya include “hey” and “oh!” and ya can convey a variety of affective connotations ranging from anger to romantic teasing depending on context and intonational contours. Exploring patterns of use of ya, this study highlights how the differences in intonational contour and choice of addressee are linked to valences of “forcefulness” and “failed forcefulness” that are implicated in the construction and performance of diverse youth-associated gendered styles. It argues that heteronormatively desirable masculine and feminine styles are constructed through the strategic use and non-use of ya. Specifically, romantically desirable femininity relies on the performance of failed forcefulness that creates opportunities for masculine-marked performances of paternal care.
                        Keywords: Articles ; The rhetorical use of 'Ni yiwei' +X' in Chinese
                               interpersonal interaction

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                          Authors: Hao Liu
                          Pages: 193 - 215
                          Abstract: In this article, I explore how the Chinese-language construction Ni yiwei +X' (Do you think X') is used as a rhetorical question in interpersonal interactions, which has been overlooked in the literature. I analysed 1,071 interpersonal interactions drawn from the Center for Chinese Linguistics corpus to examine the recurrent rhetorical uses of this construction. The results have revealed that Ni yiwei +X' has a conventionalised role in realising a range of relational acts dominated by expressives (including disagreeing, complaining and belittling), in the contexts where intersubjective or relational discrepancies have been invoked between interactants. Embracing the perspective of metapragmatics, I indicate that the rhetorical question Ni yiwei +X' arguably constitutes a case of metarepresentation where a thought explicitly attributed to the recipient is further embedded within a negative attitude expressed by the speaker towards the attributed thought. It is thus suggested that the rhetorical use of Ni yiwei +X' could be indicative of speakers’ metarepresentational awareness of the intentional states of both self and others, and hence their efforts to counter the relevant problematic situations, by tactfully holding the recipients accountable for the problems.
                          Keywords: Articles ; Another’s voice

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                            Authors: Hyunsu Kim, Duck-Young Lee
                            Pages: 217 - 243
                            Abstract: This study examines the interactional functions of an evidential marker -tay in the Korean language. Despite the frequent use of -tay in everyday interactions, the role of this marker in spoken communication has not been sufficiently explored, compared to other Korean quotative expressions. By analysing telephone conversations, this study shows that -tay conveys not only another’s utterances but also indicates interaction-oriented functions in various contexts: as a marker of presenting evidence, detailing context in telling a story and introducing a new topic. In addition, this paper will discuss how speakers use this marker to facilitate interaction with hearers by incorporating multiple voices into spoken discourse and creating new meanings, including the “voice” of a third party and also speakers’ own “metamessages”.
                            Keywords: Articles ; When two cultures meet

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                              Authors: Chun-yin Doris Chen, Li-ying Xiaoniu Chen, Yuanshan Chen
                              Pages: 245 - 270
                              Abstract: The present study investigated the use of strategies by Chinese learners of English and English learners of Chinese in making requests in both Chinese and English. Three factors affecting request strategies were also examined, including social power, social distance and degree of imposition. A total of 12 Chinese-speaking and 12 English-speaking students were recruited to complete Chinese and English versions of an oral discourse completion task (ODCT). Request behaviour was examined in both the subjects’ native and non-native languages. The results show that the learner and native speaker groups performed differently in making Chinese requests but employed comparable strategies in making English requests. Moreover, social distance was found to be more influential than social power and degree of imposition in making Chinese requests. However, the influence of these factors was similar in making English requests. The findings suggest that it was easier for the learners of Chinese to master English requests than for the learners of English to acquire Chinese requests.
                              Keywords: Articles ; Chinese terms of address in apology and request

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                                Authors: Puyu Ning
                                Pages: 257 - 382
                                Abstract: The aim of the present study is to explore how Chinese terms of address are conventionally used in the speech acts of apology and request from a contrastive pragmatic angle. The study fills an important knowledge gap, considering that little attention has been paid to the use of address terms in the performance of speech acts. The research presented has the following bipartite structure. First, a multiple-choice Discourse Completion Tests (DCT) was administered to a group of young learners of Chinese as a foreign language (CFLLs) and a comparable group of Chinese native speakers (NSs). The DCT results reveal that Chinese NSs use address terms significantly more frequently in realising apologies and requests compared to the Hungarian CFLLs. Following the DCT, an online survey was conducted with Chinese linguacultural insiders on the use of address terms in apologies and requests. The findings from the online survey affirm that Chinese address terms serve pragmatic functions beyond mere attention-getters in the performance of speech acts. These findings not only identify the use of address terms as a prominent pragmatic feature in the speech acts performance in Chinese, but also hold strong implications for CFL education in fostering learners’ pragmatic competence.
                                Keywords: Articles ; Thanks for trusting me, parent

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                                  Authors: Xueyu Wang, Rujie Cao
                                  Pages: 271 - 289
                                  Abstract: Despite an increasing scholarly interest in doctors’ behaviour in online settings, doctors’ epistemic behaviour (i.e. how doctor employs discursive practices to deal with their side and patients’ side knowledge) in online medical consultation (OMC) is still underexplored in research. Drawing on 300 highly rated OMC cases retrieved from dxy.com, a well-known digital health consulting platform in China, this study explores how Chinese pediatricians discursively deploy different types of epistemic behaviour in OMC settings. Data analyses yield three typical types of epistemic behaviour by Chinese pediatricians: strengthening epistemic primacy, mitigating epistemic certainty and showing concerns about parents’ epistemic domain. It is argued that pediatricians conduct epistemic behaviour to win parents’ perceptions of their trustworthiness. The three types of epistemic behaviour are targeted at the three dimensions of trustworthiness – ability, integrity, and benevolence. This study could yield insightful suggestions for online doctors’ strategic choice of discursive practices to promote a trusting doctor–patient relationship and harmonious consulting atmosphere in e-health activities.
                                  Keywords: Articles ; 'Pragmatics: The Basics' Billy Clark

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                                    Authors: Zhiyin Yu
                                    Pages: 291 - 296
                                    Abstract: Pragmatics: The Basics
                                    Billy Clark (2022)
                                    Routledge Press
                                    Keywords: Book Reviews ; 'Second Language Pragmatics' Wei Ren

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                                      Authors: Lina Ma
                                      Pages: 297 - 299
                                      Abstract: Second Language Pragmatics
                                      Wei Ren (2022)
                                      Cambridge University Press
                                      Keywords: Book Reviews ; Terms of address in Chinese

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                                        Authors: Dániel Z. Kádár, Fengguang Liu
                                        Pages: 301 - 308
                                        Abstract: In this paper, we first present the rationale behind editing the present Special Issue dedicated to Chinese terms of address. We argue that conventionally speakers of Chinese prefer using terms of address in many interactional contexts, while personal pronouns – in particular the standard second person ni used without an accompanying term of address – are often perceived as face-threatening. We also argue that, while historical Chinese terms of address are very important to study because they influenced the development of honorifics in other East Asian linguacultures, present-day terms of address are of as much academic interest as their historical counterparts. At the end of this paper, we overview the contents of the Special Issue.
                                        Keywords: Guest Editorial ; Address terms by Singapore Chinese in a multilingual context

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                                          Authors: Cher Leng Lee
                                          Pages: 309 - 332
                                          Abstract: Address terms in the Chinese context have been examined by many researchers. This paper examines address terms used by ethnic Chinese people in the multilingual context of Singapore. This study uses a sociopragmatic approach to gain a broader understanding of how the ethnic Chinese population in Singapore chooses between different languages and terms of address in different settings. It seeks to understand the underlying factors that affect one’s decision given the complex linguistic environment. The findings show that there is a diglossia situation in Singapore – a distinction between formal and informal settings (Keshavarz, 2001). In formal settings, only English and Mandarin are used, while southern Chinese dialects are used in informal settings such as with family, friends or in coffee shops. Other factors that affect terms of address include Confucian ethics of showing respect for one’s elders and people of higher positions and status as seen in Gu (1990), and in gaining favour with addressees such as sellers appealing to their customers (Liu, 2009).
                                          Keywords: Articles ; Displaying emotion via dynamic use of address terms in Chinese family
                                                 conflict talk

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                                            Authors: Jun Gao, Lirong Ma
                                            Pages: 333 - 355
                                            Abstract: This paper investigates the dynamic use of address terms in accordance with the emotional state of the speaker. Analyses of data from three Chinese TV dramas about family life revealed that Chinese family conflict talk was characterised by a predominant use of full name and kinship term address. Moreover, two distinct patterns emerged regarding the use of address terms across the three conflict phases: A. (familiarised) given name/kinship term/no address – full name – full name/no address, and B. (familiarised) given name/kinship term/no address – (familiarised) given name/kinship term – (familiarised) given name/kinship term/no address. Further analysis demonstrated that this dynamic use of address terms was associated with the emotional state of the speaker. This study contributes to research on family life by shedding light on the ways in which participants use address terms dynamically in conflictual settings and at the same time on the ways in which address terms are embedded in such potentially aggravating and emotionally charged social actions.
                                            Keywords: Articles ; A new trend in Chinese address and its theoretical implications

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                                              Authors: Tingting Xiao, Masato Takiura
                                              Pages: 383 - 413
                                              Abstract: This study examines the factors that affect people’s impressions of chat commerce in contemporary Chinese e-commerce, where various types of address terms and related expressions are used by online shop assistants. Our survey revealed that interpersonal distance was the strongest factor influencing the favourability of chat styles. Specifically, the distant type was rated the highest, whereas the close and mixed types were rated low, although they are used in practice increasingly frequently. We argue that this overt contradiction can be accounted for in terms of two perspectives: One is the district of residence, which was the second-strongest factor in our survey, and the other is the traditional Chinese “family culture”, in which people are treated both on a generational basis and on a closeness basis simultaneously. Moreover, we also discuss that the rusty pick-up lines, which express sympathetic proximity in content, combined with reverential distance in address form, perform a “bifocal” function.
                                              Keywords: Articles ; 'Toward a Motivation Model of Pragmatics' Rong Chen

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                                                Authors: Xiaomei Zheng, Dengshan Xia
                                                Pages: 415 - 420
                                                Abstract: Toward a Motivation Model of Pragmatics
                                                Rong Chen (2022)
                                                De Gruyter
                                                Keywords: Book Reviews ;
                                                 
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