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  Subjects -> ANTHROPOLOGY (Total: 398 journals)
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Northern Review
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0835-3433 - ISSN (Online) 1929-6657
Published by Yukon University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • The Duty to Consult and Colonial Capitalism: Indigenous Rights and
           Extractive Industries in the Inuit Homeland in Canada

    • Authors: Warren Bernauer
      Abstract: Advance Online Article published March 6, 2023
      This article contributes to academic debates about the relationship between Indigenous rights and the expansion of capitalism and colonialism in Canada. Using case studies of duty to consult litigation related to resource extraction on and near Inuit territory, I argue that Inuit experiences with the duty to consult have been mixed. While Inuit have won some important victories in the courts, in other cases the duty to consult has provided a notably weak legal mechanism for Inuit to either stop unwanted extraction or compel the government to impose effective mitigation measures to safeguard Inuit harvesting rights. The duty to consult appears to mostly enable, rather than impede, the expansion of colonial and capitalist social relations in the Inuit homeland.

      PubDate: 2023-03-06
      DOI: 10.22584/nr54.2023.007
  • Review of The Right to be Cold: One Woman's Story of Protecting Her
           Culture, the Arctic and the Whole Planet (by Sheila Watt-Cloutier)

    • Authors: Magayo Macêdo
      Abstract: Advance Online Article published January 19, 2023

      The Right to Be Cold: One Woman’s Story of Protecting Her Culture, the Arctic and the Whole Planet. By Sheila Watt-Cloutier. University of Minnesota Press, 2015. 352 pp.

      PubDate: 2023-01-19
      DOI: 10.22584/nr54.2023.006
  • Review of Nested Federalism and Inuit Governance in the Canadian Arctic
           (by Gary N. Wilson, Christopher Alcantara, and Thierry Rodon)

    • Authors: Aaron John Spitzer
      Abstract: Advance Online Article published December 16, 2022

      Nested Federalism and Inuit Governance in the Canadian Arctic. By Gary N. Wilson, Christopher Alcantara, and Thierry Rodon. UBC Press, 2020. 207 pp.
      PubDate: 2022-12-16
      DOI: 10.22584/nr54.2023.003
  • Review of Breaking Through: Understanding Sovereignty and Security in the

    • Authors: Heather Exner-Pirot
      Abstract: Advance Online Article published December 16, 2022

      Breaking Through: Understanding Sovereignty and Security in the Circumpolar Arctic. Edited by Wilfrid Greaves and P. Whitney Lackenbauer. University of Toronto Press, 2021. 224 pp.
      PubDate: 2022-12-16
      DOI: 10.22584/nr54.2023.004
  • Navigating the Shifting Landscape of Engagement in Northern Research:
           Perspectives from Early Career Researchers

    • Authors: Anita Lafferty, Jared Gonet, Tina Wasilik, Lauren Thompson, Selina Ertman, Sasiri Bandara
      Abstract: Advance Online Article published December 16, 2022
      An examination of research in northern Canada and its ties to extractive, colonial practices has been highlighted in recent years, alongside heightened expectations for community- and Nation-engaged practises. Here, we explore the diverse ways that northern-focused early career researchers (ECRs), from a range of faculties, life experiences, and disciplines, engage with the communities and Indigenous Nations they work in and, more broadly, the knowledge they have gained from conducting research in the North. Scholars in the fields of education, anthropology, and renewable resources from the University of Alberta share their experiences to discuss 1) approaches to meaningfully and respectfully engaging with communities and Nations in the North; 2) knowledge translation and mutual capacity building; and 3) responsibilities and accountabilities for engaging with communities and Nations. We find resonance with the Five R’s of research—relevance, reciprocity, respect, responsibility, and relationship—that help ensure Western-derived knowledge benefits the communities and Nations that ECRs work alongside.
      PubDate: 2022-12-16
      DOI: 10.22584/nr54.2023.001
  • Natural Resource Development and Well-Being in Inuit Nunangat: A Scoping

    • Authors: Matthew Pike, Ashlee Cunsolo, Andy Papadopoulos, Sherilee Harper
      Abstract: Advance Online Article published December 16, 2022
      Abstract: Natural resource developments have significant positive and negative impacts on the health and well-being of communities in Inuit Nunangat (Inuit Homelands) in Canada. Mining, hydroelectric, and oil and gas developments significantly alter the landscapes of communities and often an entire region. As climate change and global demand for natural resources increase, the four regions in Inuit Nunangat—Nunatsiavut, Nunavik, Nunavut, and the Inuvialuit Settlement Region—may experience an increase in development activity. The goal of this scoping review was to map trends in the extent, range, and nature of published research examining the relationship between natural resource development and health and well-being of communities in Inuit Nunangat. A total of 2,861 articles were screened for relevance, and 58 articles met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed in full. The results indicate that: 1) Nunavut was the most discussed region; 2) mining and/or mineral exploration was the most commonly discussed resource development; 3) communication between researchers and industry officials or health authorities was not frequently reported; 4) there were numerous government policies discussed, suggesting policy is a significant factor in the relationship between resource development and well-being; 5) holistic health was the most common area of health discussed; 6) Inuit inclusion in research varied, with nearly half of articles reporting Inuit involvement in the data collection and/or analysis; 7) few articles discussed mine closures and the impacts on Inuit well-being; and, 8) no articles were published in 2020, therefore no articles discussed the impact of COVID-19.
      PubDate: 2022-12-16
      DOI: 10.22584/nr54.2023.002
  • As War in Ukraine Upends a Quarter Century of Enduring Arctic Cooperation,
           the World Needs the Whole Arctic Council Now More Than Ever

    • Authors: Barry Scott Zellen
      Abstract: Advance Online Article published December 16, 2022 The Arctic Council, formed in 1996, is a unique organization, with legitimacy that extends across the entirety of the Circumpolar World, representing a diverse mosaic of states and Indigenous Peoples united in their efforts to protect their fragile ecosystems, environments, and communities. The Council has nurtured an impressive and enduring consensus among its diverse ecosystem of asymmetrical actors for over a quarter century. But all that changed on March 3, 2022, when the Council’s seven democratic member states (the A7) announced an historic “pause” of their Council participation in protest of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. This was not the first time tensions over Russian aggression in Ukraine strained the Council’s impressive track record for circumpolar unity; in 2014, after Russia’s first assault upon Ukraine, the United States and Canada jointly boycotted a Moscow-hosted meeting of the Council’s Task Force for Action on Black Carbon and Methane (TFBCM), but soon thereafter rejoined their fellow Council members in the spirit of Arctic cooperation. While Russia’s actions in Ukraine are reprehensible, boycotting the Council while Russia held its rotating chair closed off an important off-ramp to defuse rising international tensions between Russia and NATO. Indeed, Russia’s portion of the Arctic represents fully half the Circumpolar World, and the issues facing the Arctic—of which climate change is perhaps the most pressing for all stakeholders, small and large—cannot be paused. There are no half-way solutions to the future of the Arctic, whether it’s peacetime or wartime—the stakes are simply too high.
      PubDate: 2022-12-16
      DOI: 10.22584/nr54.2023.005
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