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  Subjects -> ANTHROPOLOGY (Total: 398 journals)
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Northern Review
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0835-3433 - ISSN (Online) 1929-6657
Published by Yukon University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Editorial: Number 52

    • Authors: Ken Coates
      Pages: 3–4 - 3–4
      PubDate: 2021-12-15
      DOI: 10.22584/nr52.2021.007
  • Iliamna Lake Nanvarpak Ethnogeography: Yup’ik and Contemporary Place
           Names and Stories of these Places

    • Authors: Yoko Kugo
      Pages: 5–28 - 5–28
      Abstract: This article explores Iliamna Lake ethnogeography through place names and associated stories about these places through Yup’ik eyes. Iliamna Lake has been home to Indigenous Peoples of Central Yup’ik, Dena’ina, Alutiiq (or Sugpiaq), and other language groups for generations. Many Iliamna Lake residents in the twenty-first century have multicultural heritages because of intermarriages and sharing territorial boundaries. When telling about place names, Iliamna Lake Yup’ik Elders often weave their personal experiences and local histories into their narratives, such as their seasonal routes and the arrival of newcomers in the region. My research revealed that telling and retelling stories of places enables people to visualize their landscapes while affirming and reinforcing the knowledge that has enabled them to survive and thrive in the region for many generations. Ethnogeography addresses, from community perspectives, how these cultural landscapes intertwine with local histories and changes in the land.
      PubDate: 2021-12-15
      DOI: 10.22584/nr52.2021.001
  • Social Considerations in Mine Closure: Exploring Policy and Practice in
           Nunavik, Quebec

    • Authors: Miranda Monosky, Arn Keeling
      Pages: 29–6 - 29–6
      Abstract: Northern Canada has a long history of poorly remediated and outright abandoned mines. These sites have caused long-term environmental hazards, socio-economic disruptions, and threats to Indigenous communities across the North. Given the potential legacy effects of improper mine closure, best practice guidelines now suggest that mine closures address not only environmental remediation, but also include robust plans for mitigating social and economic impacts, and that companies engage early and consistently with impacted communities. This research seeks to understand how social and economic planning and community engagement for closure are governed in Nunavik, Quebec. Through semi-structured interviews with government and industry actors and an analysis of regional and provincial mining policy, this research demonstrates that mine closure regulations remain vague when describing how companies should involve impacted communities in mine closure planning, and governments largely neglect to regulate the social aspects of mine closure. This article discusses why an overreliance on impact assessment and overconfidence in closure regulations are creating risks for Nunavimmiut. Without regulatory change, future closures may continue to result in unemployment, social dislocation, costly abandoned sites, and continued distrust in the industry.
      PubDate: 2021-12-15
      DOI: 10.22584/nr52.2021.002
  • Are Some Canadian Youth NEETer than Others' Examining North-South and
           Rural-Urban Inequalities in Education, Employment, and Training

    • Authors: Darcy Hango, David Zarifa, Brad Seward
      Pages: 61–8 - 61–8
      Abstract: A growing body of research studies youth not actively involved in education, employment, or training (NEET). Some recent estimates of NEET place Canadian youth at slightly below the OECD average. At the same time, however, researchers have identified a number of regional barriers that present unique challenges to labour market participation for Canadians residing in northern and rural areas. In this article, we investigate the extent to which regional differences contribute to the labour market inactivity of Canadian youth. Using multiple waves of Statistics Canada’s Youth in Transition Survey (YITS-A), we find that indeed NEET rates differ for youth who reside in northern and southern Canada. Northern, rural youth show significantly higher probabilities of being NEET between ages 20 and 22. Moreover, these regional differences in NEET status continue to have a strong and independent effect, even when accounting for socio-demographic characteristics, parental socio-economic factors, educational experiences, and family structure. These inequalities in early workforce outcomes have important implications for policy-makers, as they seek new ways of bolstering the school to work transitions of northern and rural youth.
      PubDate: 2021-12-15
      DOI: 10.22584/nr52.2021.003
  • How Representations of Inuit Issues in Parliamentary Committees Reveal a
           Specific Policy Dynamic

    • Authors: Jean-François Savard, Emmanuel Saël, Mathieu Landriault
      Pages: 91–1 - 91–1
      Abstract: This article explores how Inuit issues were addressed and portrayed in parliamentary committees. More specifically, we investigated if parliamentary committees allowed Inuit to present their perspectives and priorities, given that they play an important role in all stages of the public policy cycle, including policy development, implementation, and evaluation (Winfield 2010). The focus of this article is on the 41st Parliament (June 2, 2011–August 2, 2015,  the last Conservative Party government led by Stephen Harper) and the 42nd Parliament (December 3, 2015–September 11, 2019, the first Liberal Party government led by Justin Trudeau). Quantitative textual analysis techniques were conducted after retrieving textual elements via the R software. As a whole, the theme of economic development was central to Inuit and non-Inuit participants during the 41st Parliament but was not as prominent during the 42nd Parliament. For Inuit participants, education issues were much more important during the 41st Parliament, while health and wellness issues received most of the attention during the 42nd Parliament. Non-Inuit participants expressed concern for the health and well-being of northern communities during both parliaments. This study provides evidence that the Trudeau Liberal Government’s rhetoric around inclusiveness translated into actions regarding Inuit political participation, as Inuit leaders were granted more time to present their perspectives during the 42nd Parliament. 
      PubDate: 2021-12-15
      DOI: 10.22584/nr52.2021.004
  • Cultural Understanding and Dialogue within the Canadian Armed Forces:
           Insights from Canadian Ranger Patrols

    • Authors: Magali Vullierme
      Pages: 127– - 127–
      Abstract: In November 2015, Prime Minister Trudeau stressed in his Minister of Defence Mandate Letter that “no relationship is more important to me and to Canada than the relationship with Indigenous Peoples. It is time to renew the nation-to-nation relationship with Indigenous Peoples so that it is based on recognition of rights, respect, collaboration and partnership.” In order to assess the relationships between Indigenous Peoples and the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF), this article is centred on the relationships between Indigenous reservists and non-Indigenous military. Based on an inductive analysis of semi-structured interviews and field observations conducted in 2016 and 2017 in Nunavik, Quebec, and Nunavut, this contribution studies the relationships between Indigenous reservists and military within Canadian Rangers patrols, and aims at demonstrating how those patrols reinforce understanding and dialogue between the different cultures. As a subcomponent of the Canadian Armed Forces Reserve, Canadian Ranger patrols from Nunavik and Nunavut are mainly composed of Indigenous Rangers under the responsibility of non-Indigenous Ranger instructors. Providing a meeting place between Indigenous and non-Indigenous individuals, the patrols enable cultural understanding and dialogue between different cultures. An analysis of the relationships within those patrols offers a particularly relevant illustration of Inuit issues and people in the Canadian Armed Forces, and more broadly in Canadian society.
      PubDate: 2021-12-15
      DOI: 10.22584/nr52.2021.005
  • Review of Mining Country: A People’s History of Canada’s Mines and
           Miners (by John Sandlos & Arn Keeling)

    • Authors: Jedidiah Anderson
      Pages: 145– - 145–
      Abstract: Mining Country: A People’s History of Canada’s Mines and Miners by John Sandlos and Arn Keeling (2021). 

      PubDate: 2021-12-15
      DOI: 10.22584/nr52.2021.006
  • Busy Beaver

    • Authors: Bronwen Duncan
      Pages: 148 - 148
      Abstract: Artist's Statement
      Bronwen recently discovered the thrill of painting with pieces of wool, imbuing impressionistic landscapes, flora, and fauna with moments of delight found within nature’s rhythms. She believes too many of us forget joy. We run against the clock, we enact our roles, we feel helpless against a world that seems to be going wrong.

      When immersed in natural space, she believes we can feel a piece of life’s puzzle slip into place. Daily aspirations and whirring stresses can settle as we shift into being an observer of the greater whole. Whether it is the smell of moss wet with new rain, the sound of woodpeckers’ insistent drumming, the sway of limp-armed cedar boughs blowing in the wind, or the bright yellow of a dandelion pushing through rocks, everything is vibrating with life, is real, is now. And even as mother nature conducts her ruthless shuffle of life and death, of reuse and regrow, there is a back-current of joy as simple as being alive that is as sure and strong as the sun that feeds it.
      In her 20’s, Bronwen ran a business creating batik clothing, lampshades, pillows, and other decorative items, eventually co-owning the gallery where her work was displayed. Decades later, she played with hand-painted and block-printed textiles, as well as loose-stitched and layered fabric collages. She has been creating felted pictures since 2018.
      Using a mixture of both wet-felting and needle-felting techniques, her wool paintings are hand stitched onto fabric-covered canvas art frames, in order to enhance the three-dimensional and tactile element of the work.
      Bronwen has shown her felt paintings in the group show “Fibre-Optics: Inspiration to Creation,” Northern Fibre Arts Guild show at Arts Underground gallery in Whitehorse May 2019, and in a solo show “The Nature of Joy” in the Edge Gallery of Arts Underground in August 2021 (https://www.artsunderground.ca/exhibitions/the-nature-of-joy).

      PubDate: 2021-12-15
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