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  Subjects -> ANTHROPOLOGY (Total: 398 journals)
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Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2615-7608 - ISSN (Online) 2502-1966
Published by Indonesian Institute of Sciences Homepage  [5 journals]

    • Authors: Gutomo Bayu Aji, Mulawarman Hannase
      Abstract: Post-colonial states in Southeast Asia have deep roots in their history of civilization and culture. Its strength lies not in its purity of identity but in its ability to be a hybrid of the various waves of civilization and culture that make it cosmopolitan. This character becomes the basis for analyzing the ability of post-colonial states to accommodate religion, especially the strengthening of Islamism throughout the formation of the nation-state. This article puts the experience of moderating the threat of disintegration in that capability. The question to be answered is how do these states moderate the threat of disintegration related to the strengthening of Islamism' Through literature study, it can be seen that there are three threats of disintegration related to Islamism, namely first, the struggle for territorial sovereignty in Thailand and the Philippines; second, the movement with the vision of an Islamic state in Indonesia; and third, the establishment of the Jamaah Islamiyah caliphate covering Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei Darussalam and the Philippines. The ability to accommodate through religious moderation occurs in three complex political and democratic processes. First, moderation through the process of integration of the nation-state as in Singapore, Thailand and the Philippines; Second, moderation through the democratization process in almost all countries in the archipelagic region; and third, moderation by civil society in Indonesia and Malaysia. Nevertheless, the challenges of Islamism, especially those related to the network of transnational Islamic ideologies, still haunt states in Southeast Asia. This article suggests that the government and civil society work together to increase the state's role in religious moderation capabilities that are in line with global dynamics.
      PubDate: 2023-03-03
      DOI: 10.55981/jmb.2022.1815
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2023)

    • Authors: Ahmad Suaedy
      Abstract: Religious Moderation (MB) is a government program aimed at overcoming certain problems that are currently taking place in Indonesia but for the long-term goal of building the character of the Indonesian nation. The challenges are mainly what the government perceives as radicalism, religious violence and left and right extremism which are considered to threaten the sustainability of the nation and the unity of Indonesia. However, MB is unique because it explicitly places religion as a key in it, unlike other programs. Therefore, it is important to look at this MB not only at the changes in the Jokowi administration era but also changes in Indonesia in general and even in the global context. In the recent global shift, it is inevitable that religious factors will emerge in public space and policies, and Indonesia is no exception. By some academics this phenomenon is called post secular and public religion. In the West, it is caused by the flood of immigrants who come to developed countries with different cultures, traditions and religions but because of the number and cultural strength, they push for change in these societies. In Indonesia, demographic changes also occur due to class social mobility that affects new shifts and balances as well as the entry of religion into the public and government spheres. This paper will place the MB public policy which is currently being intensively carried out by the Indonesian government in the shift map. Is it a regression of democracy or a form of democracy typical of Indonesia: a country that has strong spiritual and religious historical characteristics and a thick plurality of people. In this case, in Indonesia, the public sphere of democracy cannot isolate religion in the private sphere, when it comes to enforcing democracy which requires broad civil society participation.
      PubDate: 2023-03-03
      DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v24i3.1807
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2023)

    • Authors: Martin Lukito Sinaga
      Abstract: Religious moderation is an inclusive public expression of contemporary religions, and a religious practice which is marked by respect for human dignity and aimed for a common good. It is as a timely result of a longstanding interreligious interaction in Indonesia. In this matter, therefore, religions will be better able to deal with various symptoms of social extremism and religious exclusivism. Through delving into the documents and analyzing some trainings and practices of religious moderation, it becomes increasingly clear that what is mainly to be lived out today is the virtue rooted in its own spirituality, namely moderation. In that regard, the way to train moderation, although initiated by the state office of Religious Affairs, is carried out in a reflective process into the spiritual insights of the religions themselves. It is not directed by any political interest of the state. So that subsequent expressions and religion’s public presence will reflect the indicators of religious moderation, which is tolerance, non-violence, respect for the local tradition, and the spirit of nationalism
      PubDate: 2023-03-03
      DOI: 10.55981/jmb.2022.1821
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2023)

    • Authors: Engkus Ruswana
      Abstract: The problem of intolerance and radicalization since the reformation era has continued to grow and is increasingly worrying, due to the opening of wide spaces for groups carrying radicalism to develop themselves, as a consequence of the widespread implementation of democracy in Indonesia. The spread of intolerance and radicalism is increasingly widespread and has infiltrated various government institutions, the police and the military, and has even infiltrated educational institutions from PAUD (Early Childhood Education) to university levels. Therefore, to overcome the increasingly serious problem of national and state harmony, it is necessary to make strong efforts from all parties to revive religious moderation and live in harmony in differences in religious beliefs, as has been applied for a long time in the life of the ancestors of the Nusantara since ancient civilizations. This paper aims to reveal that Indonesia actually has the potential of the nation's local wisdom system and values ​​with genetics of moderation and harmony in religious life, not just a concept, but has been implemented since thousands of years ago, and the method used is in the form of literature studies and expressions of results. The author's thoughts and studies are based on experience in living social and national life as citizens who believe outside of mainstream religion. Some things that need to be discussed are related to the relationship between the natural environment (habitat) and the character of the human inhabitants.
      PubDate: 2023-03-03
      DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v24i3.1806
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2023)

    • Authors: Syamsurijal, Wasisto Raharjo Jati, Halimah Sa'diah
      Abstract: “Islam Nusantara” (Islam of the Archipelago) is an idea and religious practice that represents reflection of Islam as non-violent, pro tolerance, equality, and accommodating to local cultures. These characters basically are principle of religious moderation. It is worth to note that the idea of “Islam Nusantara” has explained empirical and real Islamic values within religious moderation itself. For instance, “tawazun” (equality), “tawasuth” (moderation), and “tasamuh” (tolerant) are the core values of Islamic teaching. It has been known since the Prophet Muhammad SAW taught it. While the religious moderation within “Islam Nusantara” still not yet get wide attention, public assume that the religious moderation belongs to two large Islamic organization in Indonesia, Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) and Muhammadiyah. Both represents Indonesian version of moderate Islamic. In fact, the idea of “Islam Nusantara” has been long existing since the era of “Wali Songo” (the nine saints). Following up previously-mentioned ideas, this paper aims to address how religious moderation has been growing from the era the era of “Wali Songo” (the nine saints) to be “Islam Nusantara” (Islam of the Archipelago). These main aim also would to address the comparative analysis between“Wali Songo” (the nine saints) to be “Islam Nusantara” on current religious moderation.
      PubDate: 2023-03-03
      DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v24i3.1804
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2023)

    • Abstract: As a matter of fact, religion is a complete and comprehensive teaching.  Not only discussing the relationship between human being and the Creator, but also the relationship between human being and universe, fellow human, and the real of he/she him/herself. If a man/woman believes that religion only talks about Almighty God, or understands other relationships superficially, he/she can get stuck in the paradigm that the important thing is that he/she has prayed, worshiped Him, has been saved and does not care about other humans. Even more extreme when he/she thinks he/she is the best. This misunderstood is harmful. We truly know the Religious Moderation program was born because there are fears that fanaticism and blind extremism will monopolize the truth. This is of course early needs to be anticipated, especially since Indonesia is very diverse. Implementing this program without targeting all the main points of religious teachings - Divinity, the Natural Environment and everything in it, Humans and Humanity in relation to the Past, Future, Internal Environment, External Factor and the deepest part of the true human self, is not enough to guarantee optimal success.  A holistic approach is needed that targets all aspects in a balanced way. This is what must be done in the right portion. Proper. Kongzi said, "What is lacking or excess is not enough. If the Middle Way and Harmony can be implemented, the world peace and prosperous is long lasting value”.
      PubDate: 2023-03-03
      DOI: 10.55981/jmb.2022.1822
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2023)

    • Authors: Iqomah Richtig, Rahmatullah
      Abstract: Nowadays, the discourse of hijrah and dakwah has been popular on social media, particularly on Instagram. Instagram is one of primary platforms that disseminate these two discourses. There are a lot of dakwah accounts sprung up offering a variety of dakwah models based on their segmentations and focuses. One is @kpopers.hijrah. This account invites young Indonesian Muslim women addicted hallyu (Korean Wave) back to identity as pious Muslim. Through the posts, @kpopers.hijrah seeks to negotiate piety and religious devotion by involving hallyu elements and organizing several activities relevant to the purpose of hijrah. Through interview and netnography methods, the
      Authors argue that Instagram is not only a space for hijrah and da'wah for Muslim K-Popers but can also be used to suppress and inhibit the flow of the Korean wave. Given Instagram as the primary media which often used to practice hallyu consumerism.
      PubDate: 2023-03-03
      DOI: 10.55981/jmb.2022.1664
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2023)
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