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  Subjects -> ANTHROPOLOGY (Total: 398 journals)
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2416-2140 - ISSN (Online) 2416-2140
Published by European Ecocycles Society Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Colophon 8.1

    • Authors: Julia O. Tarodi
      Abstract: This is the Colophon of Ecocycles Vol. 8, Issue 1.
      PubDate: 2022-01-20
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Valuation challenges of urban green infrastructure

    • Authors: Noemi Csigene Nagypal
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract: The current article provides an overview of the benefits provided by urban green infrastructure (GI), as well as the application of the concept of total economic value and the relevance of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Afterward, environmental valuation methods that can be used to calculate the benefits in monetary units are presented, highlighting the potential problems or biases. The relevance of cost-based, revealed, and stated preference methods are discussed. It is concluded that several case studies are available, however, the abundance of services provided and differences in measuring the GI services in natural units make monetary valuation ambiguous or challenging. Still, the growing number of people living in urban neighbourhoods makes it more and more expected to measure and valuate the benefits.
      PubDate: 2022-01-20
      DOI: 10.19040/ecocycles.v8i1.198
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Analysis of China‚Äôs legislation on soil contamination in the light of
           the realization of an ecological civilization

    • Authors: Giuseppe Poderati
      Pages: 8 - 15
      Abstract: After several years of population growth, urbanization, rapid economic and growing depletion of natural resources, China’s environmental related challenges are nearing a tipping point. Following the ideal of creating an ecological civilization, China is on its way to greening socio-economic development. In fact, the ecological civilization is the primary conceptual key used by the People’s Republic of China capable of providing a coherent framework for adjustments to socio-economic development in the 21st century to allow people to live in health within the eco-environmental boundaries of the Earth during the current geological era of the Anthropocene. After delineating the features of the ecological civilization, this paper aims to analyze the legal regime of contaminated lands in China as outlined by the 2018 Soil Contamination Law in the light of making a stable and prosperous ecological civilization. Besides that, this paper examines the statutory definition of soil contamination under the law describing the environmental legislative frameworks.
      PubDate: 2022-01-20
      DOI: 10.19040/ecocycles.v8i1.215
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Bioenergy potential of agricultural phytomass production in Slovakia

    • Authors: Martin Hauptvogl, Alexander Feher, Martin Prcik, Nikoleta Kosecova, Marian Kovacik
      Pages: 16 - 26
      Abstract: Biomass is a highly versatile renewable energy source used on a global scale. The paper discusses the current state of biomass energy use in the EU and Slovakia. Residual biomass was found as a key feedstock for the European bioeconomy. Slovakia is one of the most forested and rural countries in the EU. Therefore, biomass energy has the highest technical potential from all renewables in Slovakia. The main objective of the paper was to evaluate the phytomass production of the selected crops and their energy potential in individual self-governing regions of Slovakia. It is focused on the production of usable post-harvest residues theoretically used for energy purposes from the following studied main crops: wheat, rye, oats, barley, maize, potatoes, oilseed rape and sugar beet. The results show the estimated production of usable post-harvest residues of the selected crops and their energy potential in individual self-governing regions in Slovakia in 2019. The total production of usable post-harvest residues from the studied crops was 4,854,017 t and their estimated energy potential was 68 PJ. This amount of energy would cover 10% of the total energy consumption in Slovakia. The top three productive crops were maize, wheat, and sugar beet. Maize had the highest energy potential of 28.1 PJ, followed by wheat at 19 PJ and sugar beet at 14.2 PJ. The highest yields of post-harvest residues, as well as energy potential, were found in the Nitra region.
      PubDate: 2022-02-02
      DOI: 10.19040/ecocycles.v8i1.217
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Impact of environmental and soil factors in the prediction of soil carbon
           dioxide emissions under different tillage systems

    • Authors: Istvan Kulmany, Zsolt Giczi, Ana Beslin, Laszlo Bede, Renato Kalocsai, Viktoria Vona
      Pages: 27 - 39
      Abstract: Understanding the roles of natural drivers in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of arable fields is crucial for adequate agricultural management. This study investigated the combined effect of two tillage treatments (NT - no-tillage; CT - tillage with mouldboard ploughing) and environmental (air pressure, air temperature) and soil factors (total organic carbon, gravimetric water content and soil penetration resistance) on soil carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in maize in 2020 and 2021. The soil tubes required for the laboratory measurement were derived from three different altitudes of the two differently cultivated fields from Fejér county, Hungary. The typical soil type was Chernozem in both fields. At the time of soil sampling, soil penetration resistance was measured with a 06.15SA Penetrologger in 10 repetitions. To preserve the moisture content of the soil columns during the investigation, moisture replenishment was performed equal to the degree of weekly theoretical evapotranspiration. Emissions measurements of soil columns were performed by close chamber technique for five weeks from sampling, 15 times, in 3 repetitions in laboratory conditions. The data were evaluated by two-way ANOVA, followed by the Tukey HSD multiple comparison test and two-tailed Student’s T-test at a significance level of p<0.05. The combined effect of environmental factors on soil carbon dioxide emissions was investigated using stepwise multiple linear regression. It has been proved that the observed difference between soil penetration resistance and soil carbon dioxide emissions was significant between CT and NT cultivation at different stages of the growing season. The analysis of the interaction of the experimental factors revealed that the combined effect of soil penetration resistance, total organic carbon and moisture content in tillage system (adjusted R2=0.92 at a significance level of p=0.05) in 2020, while the combined effect of moisture content and air temperature in the no-tillage system (adjusted R2=0.79 at a significance level of p=0.085) has the most significant effect on soil CO2 emissions in 2020. In 2021, the air temperature for the tillage system (adjusted R2=0.74 at a significance level of p=0.05) and the combined effect of air temperature and pressure for no-tillage systems (adjusted R2=0.69 at a significance level of p=0.1) played an important role in soil CO2 emissions. These observations highlight that different soil and environmental factors of different tillage significantly impact the soil carbon dioxide emissions in different years.
      PubDate: 2022-02-21
      DOI: 10.19040/ecocycles.v8i1.216
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Vaccinating plants

    • Authors: Tamas Komives
      Pages: 40 - 50
      Abstract: Plant immune systems rely on their ability to recognize enemy molecules, carry out signal transduction, and respond defensively through pathways involving many genes and their products. This Perspective paper aims to explore current views on the vaccination (immunization) of plants against diseases caused by microorganisms and their (macro)molecular components, paying special attention to practical applications. We conclude that the technique of vaccination to control plant disease needs to be further investigated, developed, and considered for wider implementation in plant protection practice.
      PubDate: 2022-03-11
      DOI: 10.19040/ecocycles.v8i1.213
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Harvesting Memories Project: Historical ecology and landscape changes
           of the Sicani Mountains in Sicily

    • Authors: Giuseppe Bazan, Angelo Castrorao Barba , Claudia Speciale , Roberto Micciche , Filippo Pisciotta , Carla Aleo Nero, Pasquale Marino
      Pages: 51 - 60
      Abstract: The Harvesting Memories project aims to investigate the historical landscape dynamics in an inner area of the Sicani Mountains district in Western Sicily (Contrada Castro, Corleone-Palermo). The interdisciplinary approach of the project allowed us to combine and integrate methods from different disciplines such as historical ecology, landscape archaeology, archaeobotany and GIS-based spatial analysis. In this paper some results have been summarized. The comparison between land mosaic change during the last 60 years, the relationship between site catchment area and land suitability and the correlation between archaeobotanical and phytosociological data. This approach underlined the relevance of the historical ecology for understanding landscape trajectories and planning strategy of suitable development of rural areas.
      PubDate: 2022-03-21
      DOI: 10.19040/ecocycles.v8i1.219
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Towards climate smart agriculture: How does innovation meet

    • Authors: Katalin Takacs-Gyorgy, Istvan Takacs
      Pages: 61 - 72
      Abstract: A sustainable future is our task. All participants of the economy – including the farmers, food industry, retailers, and consumers – must give appropriate answers to the changes that fit and serve the sustainable world. To inherit a livable world for the future, we need to find and adapt those farming activities, solutions, and technologies that are suitable for effective production, ensuring viability, and adapting to climate change, too. Questions of food safety, food traceability, environmental pollution, or the increasing food demand have been discussed from several aspects by agricultural economists. In this paper, we highlight the role of precision farming as an innovation in agriculture as a way of getting closer to Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA), and the role of innovation in agricultural development in the context of the paradigm of ‘de-growth’. The new values (Réévaluer – reappraise) suggest the intent of preserving nature, at least in the current condition. CSA (including Precision Agriculture) is a tool in this and allows the efficient use of natural resources (Restructurer – restructuring factors of production). Each farming strategy in which the farmers’ cooperation is the base of an efficient machinery use (Restructurer – restructuring of social relationships), each technology that reduces the human-health risk (Réduire – reduction) shows into the direction of ‘de-growth’ or other words: into the direction of sustainable development. We believe that it will not be possible to maintain a sustainable economy without strengthening the rural areas, helping farmers to find successful ways/strategies for being competitive, innovative, and to cooperate with each other.
      PubDate: 2022-03-27
      DOI: 10.19040/ecocycles.v8i1.220
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Success indicators of marine protected areas in the Philippines: A
           systematic review

    • Authors: Nino Jess Mar Mecha, Jesusito A. Vicente, Genese Divine Cayabo, Shellajean Omar, Janry Ducado, Jennie Cleto, Vanessa Abrea, Jemima Dano , Lota Creencia
      Pages: 73 - 85
      Abstract: Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are valuable tools to protect the marine environment from various anthropogenic activities and restore biodiversity and fisheries productivity. Although many MPAs established all over the Philippines, a comprehensive review of its success indicators is limited. This systematic review evaluated different success indicators of MPAs in the country. Using a systematic review, 83 online-published papers that reported issues related to the success or failure of established MPAs were evaluated. The success indicators evaluated in this review include coral cover, fish biomass, species composition, species richness, catch per unit effort (CPUE), governance, socio-economic status, and stakeholders' perception. Results of this systematic review revealed that improved biological features in terms of coral cover, fish biomass, and species composition are the common indicators of a successful MPA. As a result, ecological conditions are improved within the vicinity as manifested in the higher catch in the surrounding areas due to spill-over effect of the fish population from the MPA. Moreover, the stakeholders' involvement and participation in management and good governance are essential factors for the success of MPA.
      PubDate: 2022-04-15
      DOI: 10.19040/ecocycles.v8i1.218
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
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