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  Subjects -> ANTHROPOLOGY (Total: 398 journals)
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Ethnobiology Letters
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.317
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2159-8126
Published by Society of Ethnobiology Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Ethnoornithology and Bird Conservation in Afro-descendant Communities in
           the Brazilian Caatinga

    • Authors: Aurea Palloma Bezerra Barbosa Veras, Cauê Guion de Almeida, Lorena Lima de Moraes, Alexandre M. Fernandes
      Pages: 1 - 15
      Abstract: This paper investigates relationships between birds and the inhabitants of Afro-descendant communities in the Caatinga of northeastern Brazil, paying particular attention to conservation. Near the Refúgio de Vida Silvestre da Serra do Giz wildlife reserve, we interviewed 55 residents using semi-structured forms combined with free interviews and informal conversations. Residents reported 121 species in 43 families and 21 orders. They recounted what they knew about nesting, reproductive and social behaviors, diet, and bird conservation. The lack of reporting on several species of birds known from the Serra do Giz was probably because those birds are absent due to hunting and habitat destruction. This study demonstrates the importance of conducting ethnobiological studies for bird conservation and to record local traditional knowledge.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.14237/ebl.13.1.2022.1753
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • Nï Jotï Aye: Jkyo Jkwainï/Libro Comunitario Jotï: Historia,
           Territorio, y Vida. By Eglée Zent, Stanford Zent, and Nï Jotï y Jodena
           U. 2019. Ediciones IVIC (Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones
           Científicas), Caracas. 530 pp.

    • Authors: Eugene N. Anderson
      Pages: 16 - 17
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.14237/ebl.13.1.2022.1803
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • Una Hiwea, O Livro Vivo. Edited by Agostinho Manduca M. Ĩka Muru. 2012.
           Literaterras and Faculdade de Letras da Universidade Federal de Minas
           Gerais, Belo Horizonte. 284 pp. – and – Una Shubu Hiwea: Livro Escola
           Viva do Povo Huni Kuĩ do Rio Jordão. 2017.

    • Authors: Thiago Serrano de Almeida Penedo
      Pages: 18 - 19
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.14237/ebl.13.1.2022.1789
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Monkeys and Parrots of Gold Rush-era California

    • Authors: Cyler Conrad
      Pages: 20–2 - 20–2
      Abstract: As immigrant gold miners migrated en masse to San Francisco and northern California during the Gold Rush-era (ca. 1849–1855), they experienced new animals. Stopping in ports throughout Central and South America, these argonauts saw, felt, smelled, heard, and occasionally consumed, mammals, birds, reptiles, and many more creatures, which were wholly exotic to those species found at home. Two types of animals that the Gold Rush populace encountered during this era include parrots and monkeys. Although found throughout tropical environments in areas far distant from northern California, these animals became quickly imported to San Francisco during the early 1850s. A wild, turbulent Gold Rush-era helped facilitate the importation of these exotic animal types, both for comfort and entertainment, as they helped provide a source of companionship for miners unaccustomed to the shock of 1850s northern California.
      PubDate: 2022-03-08
      DOI: 10.14237/ebl.13.1.2022.1758
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • At Home on the Waves: Human Habitation of the Sea from the Mesolithic to
           Today. Edited by Tanya J. King and Gary Robinson. 2019. Berghahn Books,
           New York and Oxford. 392 pp.

    • Authors: Nemer E. Narchi
      Pages: 27 - 28
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
      DOI: 10.14237/ebl.13.1.2022.1781
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • Trekking the Amazon with Love and Care

    • Authors: Eglee Zent, Stanford Zent, Lojta Jtute, Awelajlu Jtitekyo, Jkatalila̧ Jtute, Lobįko Ijtö, Ilę Jkwayo, Maliela Yaluja, Iva Juae, Noe Jono, Alejadro Molö, Aula Amikoja, Abeto Melomaja, Alabala Aubojkyo, Kyabo Bowijte, Awaïkï Yewi, Jani-Yewi Yewi, Ba̧lejko Jtitekyo, Jkai, Jtobá Jtute, Lila Yolo, Ajti̧ta Uliejteja, Jtujkaybojlae Bowijte, Ulijkule Jtute, Jkwajkya Jlawi, Late Bowijte
      Pages: 29–4 - 29–4
      Abstract: This essay highlights the philosophical views of the Jotï, an Indigenous group from the Venezuelan Amazon. Daily Jotï behaviors are embraced by a notion of life in which everything is interconnected (mana jtïdemame) and should be respected given its sacredness (jkïmañe). Furthermore, life is in perennial movement (jkeibïae dekae) and is designed to be carried out together in groups (uliyena majadïka). The maintenance of life is related to engaging in solidarity, reciprocity, and amicability (me madöna), with these values being the key metaphor for hunting-gathering-farming-fishing rather than predation. The universe is populated by a myriad of entities with unique capacities, volitions, and motivations (budëkïmade)—like those of people, regardless of their nonhuman appearances—evidence that the universe’s inherent condition is subjective, and all life forms originated from the same root. Likewise, no landscape or life form is pristine or final; instead, everything is potentially subject to ceaseless transformation (jka ojtali ~ jkabaemade). Those reasons provide the basis for why every person should strive for righteousness (nï jti maudöna), endeavoring to be morally good and practicing love-care with all that surrounds us (jkyo jkwainï). Love-care is the translation of a praxis considered an innate essential constituent of all persons. It is also the fundamental strategy to sustain and protect life. Given that nothing prevents a person anywhere in the world from embracing love and care as their life motto while struggling to prevent the current path of destruction of the Earth, the enactment of love-care is an endless possibility regardless of location or time.
      PubDate: 2022-08-20
      DOI: 10.14237/ebl.13.1.2022.1809
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • Cymbopogon winterianus, Neurolaena lobata, and Ruta
           chalepensis—Recurring Herbal Remedies in Guatemalan Maya Q’eqchi’

    • Authors: Amanda Thiel, Marsha B Quinlan
      Pages: 41–4 - 41–4
      Abstract: Abstract We report on the top three ethnopharmacological herbs growing among a lowland Guatemalan Q’eqchi’ community’s homegardens. In a gardening culture characterized by pragmatic species distribution and sharing, these few herbaceous species recur in multiple households’ dooryard gardens. Our aim in reporting on the most predominant ethnobotanical herbs gardened in a Maya Q’eqchi’ village’s dooryards is to valorize the capacities of local pharmacological traditions. Thirty-one walking homegarden interviews and participant-observation inform this research with village residents. Té de limón (Cymbopogon winterianus, for cough, fever), Qa’mank/Tres punta (Neurolaena lobata, for diabetes, fever, headache, gastrointestinal ills, evil eye), and Ruda (Ruta chalepensis, for children’s vomiting, weepiness, evil eye) are the prevalent non-woody Q’eqchi’ homegarden herbs here. Regional ethnomedical and extant pharmacology research mutually support the efficacy and continued practicality of these Q’eqchi’ plant uses. Ethnopharmacological research of Maya Q’eqchi’ medicinals documents local knowledge for conservation and calls for their cultural and biomedical respect as prominent, accessible, therapeutic species. Resumen Reportamos sobre las tres principales hierbas etnofarmacológicas cultivadas en los huertos familiares de una comunidad Q'eqchi' guatemalteca de tierras bajas. En una cultura de jardinería caracterizada por la distribución pragmática de especies y el intercambio, algunas especies herbáceas se repiten en los huertos familiares de múltiples hogares. Nuestro objetivo al reportar sobre las hierbas etnobotánicas más predominantes cultivadas en los patios de una aldea Maya Q'eqchi' es el de valorizar las capacidades de las tradiciones farmacológicas. Treinta y una entrevistas en base a “caminatas botánicas” y la observación participante informan esta investigación con los residentes de la aldea. Cymbopogon winterianus (para la tos, fiebre), Neurolaena lobata (para la diabetes, fiebre, dolor de cabeza, enfermedades gastrointestinales, mal de ojo) y Ruta chalepensis (para el vómito, el llanto y el mal de ojo en niños) son las hierbas medicinales predominantes. Las investigaciones regionales etnomédicas y farmacológicas actuales apoyan mutuamente la eficacia y la factibilidad de estas plantas y sus usos entre los Q’eqchi’. La investigación etnofarmacológica de las medicinas Maya Q'eqchi' documenta el conocimiento local como base para la conservación e invita al respeto cultural y biomédico de estas como especies terapéuticas destacadas y accesibles.
      PubDate: 2022-10-17
      DOI: 10.14237/ebl.13.1.2022.1805
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • Phaseolus vulgaris Seeds from the Late Sixteenth–Early Seventeenth
           Century AD Ancestral Oneida Diable Site, New York

    • Authors: John P. Hart
      Pages: 49–5 - 49–5
      Abstract: The ethnohistorical, ethnographic, and contemporary literatures all suggest that common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) was an important component of Northern Iroquoian agronomic systems and diets. Seemingly at odds with this is the sparse occurrence of whole and partial common bean seeds on fourteenth through seventeenth century AD village sites. The recovery of a large quantity of whole and partial bean seeds from the ancestral Oneida Diable site, dated here to between AD 1583 and 1626 with a Bayesian model using seven new AMS radiocarbon dates, provides clues as to when large quantities of rehydrated/cooked common bean seeds may occur in the archaeological record.
      PubDate: 2022-10-24
      DOI: 10.14237/ebl.13.1.2022.1834
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • »Their dogs are of an alert and intelligent breed« An Ethnocynology of
           Tyvan Pastoralists in Inner Asia

    • Authors: Ingvar Svanberg, Victoria Soyan Peemot
      Pages: 58–6 - 58–6
      Abstract: This study presents a brief inquiry into the human-canine relationship among the Tyvan pastoralists in the Altai-Sayan Mountainous region of Inner Asia. Their co-evolution is intimately bound together, and the inter-species relationship includes several aspects and roles. The authors investigate especially the dogs’ responsibilities in taiga and steppe habitats and how the language reveals these responsibilities by focusing on distinctions between hunting dogs (aŋčï ït) and camp guarding dogs (kodančï ït). Both names point at the main tasks—hunting and guarding the seasonal campsite territory. The third category is named xava dogs; the name traces its origin to Chinese languages. Similarly, the story of a small-sized xava dog sheds a light on the Altai-Sayan Mountain region’s historical and religious connections with China.
      PubDate: 2022-11-05
      DOI: 10.14237/ebl.13.1.2022.1839
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • Whale Snow: Iñupiat, Climate Change, and Multispecies Resilience in
           Arctic Alaska. By Chie Sakakibara. 2020. University of Arizona Press,
           Tucson. 304 pp.

    • Authors: Michael Koskey
      Pages: 68 - 69
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.14237/ebl.13.1.2022.1823
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • Herring and People of the North Pacific: Sustaining a Keystone Species. By
           Thomas F. Thornton and Madonna L. Moss. 2022. University of Washington
           Press, Seattle. 276 pp.

    • Authors: Eugene N. Anderson
      Pages: 70 - 74
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.14237/ebl.13.1.2022.1844
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
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