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  Subjects -> ANTHROPOLOGY (Total: 398 journals)
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Folia Praehistorica Posnaniensia
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0239-8524 - ISSN (Online) 2450-5846
Published by Adam Mickiewicz University Homepage  [58 journals]
  • Naczynie funeralne - „dymokur” znad ujścia rzeki Szamanka (środkowa
           Angara). Interpretacja symboliki

    • Authors: Paweł Dmitrijew
      Pages: 9 - 24
      Abstract: The purpose of this article is to analyze the fumigator vessel found in one of the burials on the left mouth of the Shamanka River (Central Angara) in East Siberia in 2001. By examining the ornament in the context of the symbolic and worldview system of the Siberian peoples, an attempt is made to define its cult role. Particular importance is attached to the semantic study of the ornament, as well as its interpretation using archaeological and ethnographic analogies. The result of the work is a proposal of a construct of the function of fumigator vessels in Eastern Siberia.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      DOI: 10.14746/fpp.2023.28.01
      Issue No: Vol. 28 (2023)
       
  • Działalność Hunów w Europie jako przykład
           zderzenia cywilizacji

    • Authors: Tomasz Gralak
      Pages: 25 - 54
      Abstract: The result of the military, political and economic activity of the Huns in Europe was the depopulation of vast areas, massive ethnic changes, and the destruction of many previous political organisms. The question arises as to why they were so successful. They had knowledge and skills that were alien to the European civilization of that time but perfectly known among the nomadic population of Central Asia and China. Therefore, their activity can be seen as a confrontation of different cultural models. In this sense, it was a clash of civilizations – almost in a sense proposed by S. Huntington.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      DOI: 10.14746/fpp.2023.28.02
      Issue No: Vol. 28 (2023)
       
  • Metody odkrywania niedawnej przeszłości

    • Authors: Robert Kasztelan
      Pages: 55 - 76
      Abstract: The article aims to show the possibility of studying events from the recent history with the help archaeology of the contemporary past. The reader will have the opportunity to get to know historical and ethnographic sources related to the anti-communist underground unit headed by a commander nicknamed “Tarzan”. The article will also present the relics of earthworks (bunkers, dugouts). They will be interpreted using archaeological methods.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      DOI: 10.14746/fpp.2023.28.03
      Issue No: Vol. 28 (2023)
       
  • „Tutaj zmarli śpią” - historia, archeologia i etnografia chojnickiej
           Doliny Śmierci Doliny Śmierci

    • Authors: Dawid Kobiałka
      Pages: 76 - 101
      Abstract: Death Valley in Chojnice, Poland, is a mass murder site from World War II where Germans and various officials of the Third Reich organised and carried out mass executions of Poles. The site and the events that took place there have been the subject of scholarly research and war crimes prosecutions since 2020. This paper intends to outline three aspects of them: 1) how playing in Death Valley as a child determined the later scholarly interest in the site, 2) how reading of a book Chojnice 1939–1945, about World War II and the crimes committed in the region, drew attention to undiscovered aspects of the site, 3) the last parts present the course and preliminary results of three seasons of scientific research and prosecution of war crimes committed on the northern outskirts of the town.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      DOI: 10.14746/fpp.2023.28.04
      Issue No: Vol. 28 (2023)
       
  • Wybrane motywy archeologiczne z zakresu pradziejów i wczesnego
           średniowiecza na monetach europejskich z lat 1992-2022

    • Authors: Włodzimierz Lajsner
      Pages: 103 - 129
      Abstract: Coins are not only a means of payment, but also a means of cultural communication. Both their obverses and reverses contain epigraphic and iconographic elements that together create an image. Among the iconographic elements, there are motifs understood as a repeating decorative element, but also as an expression of a certain type of idea. Archaeological motifs reflect their form of archaeological monuments or their elements, while their subject matter commemorates not only the monument itself, but also various related aspects researched by archaeologists. The aim of the considerations was to examine the numismatic form of commemorating archaeological heritage. The presented prehistoric and early medieval motifs appearing on European coins in the years 1992–2022 were first analyzed in terms of the form of their depiction on coins, then the archaeological themes with which these motifs are connected were taken into account, and on this basis axiological considerations were possible, aimed at answering the question – why a given motif was placed on the coin.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      DOI: 10.14746/fpp.2023.28.05
      Issue No: Vol. 28 (2023)
       
  • Wybrane motywy archeologiczne z zakresu archeologii śródziemnomorskiej
           na monetach europejskich z lat 1990–2005

    • Authors: Włodzimierz Lajsner
      Pages: 131 - 152
      Abstract: The role of coins is not limited only to a means of payment, but through the various iconographic and epigraphic contents they contain, coins are also a means of cultural communication. The obverse and reverse of coins are a specific form of image, which includes motifs understood as a repeating decorative element that is also a pattern or an iconographic element expressing specific symbolism and themes. Archaeological motifs reflect archaeological monuments or their elements, and their themes commemorate not only the monument itself, but also related aspects studied by archaeologists, e.g. the broadly understood context. The aim of the considerations was to examine the numismatic form of commemorating and popularizing archaeological heritage on the example of selected motifs referring to monuments of Mediterranean archeology appearing on European coins in the years 1990–2005. First, the motifs were analyzed in terms of the form of their depiction on coins, then the archaeological theme with which the motifs were connected was determined and, on its basis, axiological considerations were carried out, the aim of which was to learn a potential answer to the question – why a given motif was placed on a coin.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      DOI: 10.14746/fpp.2023.28.06
      Issue No: Vol. 28 (2023)
       
  • Pamiętać, upamiętniać, wspominać - nasz obowiązek wobec pokoleń
           minionych i przyszłych

    • Authors: Lucyna Leśniak
      Pages: 153 - 180
      Abstract: Jubilees and anniversaries usually are the reason to look back, at times and events, but also at people, predecessors of what we are now a part of. It should not surprise then that while in 2019 the Adam Mickiewicz University celebrated its centenary, several new ideas emerged to commemorate previous generations of University people. The Archaeology Faculty of AMU, being of the same age, also incorporated a few ones, including jubilee editions, conferences, and displays. One of the ideas that appeared at that time was to commemorate, in form of exhibitions, some particular alumni, who devoted their lives to archaeology and the University. There have been five such displays presented since then, the first, dedicated to Professor Wojciech Kóčka (1911–1965), opened on November 13th 2021. The article, referring to the display, presents Kóčka’s life and career, illustrating how interesting figure he was. The subjects discussed herein include Sorbian issues, second world war conspiracy, history of archaeology and anthropology, experiencing of air photography in archaeology in pre-war Poland, and the beginning of excavations at Biskupin, to mention the most important. The article, however, is meant to be just the beginning of a discussion, and the hope is expressed at its end that the future brings a monograph devoted to Kóčka.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      DOI: 10.14746/fpp.2023.28.07
      Issue No: Vol. 28 (2023)
       
  • Archeologizacja krajobrazu. Dynamika współczesnych przemian i
           negocjowanie społecznych znaczeń - przykład wybranych wsi Jury
           Krakowsko-Częstochowskiej

    • Authors: Olgierd Ławrynowicz, Aleksandra Krupa-Ławrynowicz, Alicja Piotrowska
      Pages: 181 - 206
      Abstract: In the article, the authors describe the process of archaeologization of selected objects in the local landscape, using examples from five municipalities located in the northern areas of the Polish Jurassic Highland. They look at the processes of persistence or transformation (replacement, revitalization, expansion) and abandonment (destruction, disappearance). The analysis of the collected materials combines the perspectives of archaeology and ethnography/cultural anthropology. It is part of the understanding of landscape as a cultural heritage that runs over time, its form and meaning are fields for negotiation by various entities (local communities, state administration and experts/researchers).
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      DOI: 10.14746/fpp.2023.28.08
      Issue No: Vol. 28 (2023)
       
  • „Takie jak w rzeczywistości”. Obraz fotograficzny - obiektywne
           odwzorowanie czy subiektywna kreacja' Fotografia w badaniach
           archeologicznych

    • Authors: Małgorzata Markiewicz
      Pages: 207 - 230
      Abstract: The article reviews the current state of knowledge on photography and the use of photographs in archaeological research. The discovery of photography was a breakthrough in the history of archaeology. The mechanical method of image registration, considered to be devoid of subjective human intervention, was supposed to guarantee the neutrality and objectivity of the visual representation. Belief in realism of photography has led to it becoming the primary form of documentation in archaeology, for both the research process and the relics themselves. This article will attempt to answer the question of whether we can trust the reality captured by the photographer' The reading of a photograph is done through culturally shaped codes. The ability to decipher those codes depends on the knowledge and experience of the recipient. The photographic image relies on the photographer’s subjective view of the subject, as well as the medium used, which influences the nature of the representation.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      DOI: 10.14746/fpp.2023.28.09
      Issue No: Vol. 28 (2023)
       
  • Nowoczesna archeologia Profesora Jana Żaka (1923-1990). W 100.
           rocznicę urodzin

    • Authors: Danuta Minta-Tworzowska
      Pages: 231 - 253
      Abstract: On March 23rd, 2023 the 100th anniversary of Professor Jan Żak’s birth was marked with an exhibition and a seminar meant to present the modern archeology he had been creating. In addition to Professor’s scientific achievements, there were fragments presented of three documentaries to illustrate his involvement into popularization of archeology. The article discusses also Professor’s work and scientific activities in the field of early medieval archeology, methodology of archaeology and general prehistory, widely recognized and appreciated not only in Poland but also abroad. In 1945 Jan Żak took part in the military operations of the 3rd Carpathian Rifle Division, and his professional life took place in the realities of the People’s Republic of Poland. Particularly important were his organizational achievements as well as scientific contacts with researchers from Western Europe. The article also presents the direction of contemporary archeology methodology established by J. Żak, continued by his students and subsequent generations or archaeologists.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      DOI: 10.14746/fpp.2023.28.10
      Issue No: Vol. 28 (2023)
       
  • Fortune and glory: motives for modern day treasure hunting in Poland

    • Authors: Diana Mroczek
      Pages: 255 - 271
      Abstract: In 2018, an amendment to the Act on the Protection and Care of Monuments of 2003 was introduced in Poland, aimed at combating the problem of treasure hunting and its impact on national heritage. Despite the consequences, especially a potential penalty of up to eight years in prison, treasure hunting remains an attractive pastime for some. The article aims to find motives of treasure hunters through literature review and studying online forums, including a Facebook groups, to gather information for further action to protect the archaeological heritage. The author identifies seven main motivators of individual treasure hunters, which include: passion for history, adventure seeking, intellectual challenge, collecting, need for fame and recognition, personal satisfaction, and finally financial gain. Each of the above is explained and showed though treasure hunters own public admissions.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      DOI: 10.14746/fpp.2023.28.11
      Issue No: Vol. 28 (2023)
       
  • Przełom VII w. p.n.e. w metalurgii żelaza w starożytnym
           Egipcie

    • Authors: Mateusz Napierała
      Pages: 273 - 297
      Abstract: The aim of the article is to present a breakthrough time for iron metallurgy, which was the beginning of the Late Period, in particular the reign of the XXVI Dynasty. Presentation of this issue will be possible through the analysis of preserved artifacts from this period It shows the variety of used forms of objects and the methods of iron processing. The key to this article is the presence of iron processing workshops in the Greco-Egyptian centers, which are the oldest – discovered evidence of the processing of this metal in Egypt. The analysis of the workshops themselves, the tools used there and the remnants of metalworking preserved will be helpful in studying the development of iron metallurgy in the discussed period. An important part of the work is also an attempt to answer the questions: where did the impulse that introduced workshop iron processing in Egypt come from, and whether the Nubians or maybe foreigners, e.g. the Greeks appearing at the end of the Third Intermediate Period and at the beginning of the Late Period in the country on the Nile' The analysis of the above points will emphasize the groundbreaking nature of the discussed topic.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      DOI: 10.14746/fpp.2023.28.12
      Issue No: Vol. 28 (2023)
       
  • Fibule legionowe ze stanowiska w Kwiatkowie, gm. Brudzew. Uwagi na temat
           technik i technologii produkcji

    • Authors: Magdalena Piotrowska, Wojciech Rutkowski
      Pages: 299 - 313
      Abstract: The artefacts described in the paper come from the Przeworsk culture settlement in Kwiatków, where more than 100 fibulae were discovered. Among the artefacts acquired were three knee-shaped brooches with a semi-circular shield on the head. One of them was discovered in a well; the other two came from the surface of the site. This paper is mostly concerned with issues related to the technological aspects of the production of these items. In addition to the analysis of traces of craftsmanship found on the fibulae, XRF tests were performed to determine the material from which they were made. This approach allows one to supplement the typological findings and reconstruct the process of creating a given object. The brooches were microscopically examined for traces of craftsmanship. The attempt to determine the foundry method which had been applied failed to produce the expected results. Usually, individual instances of knee-shaped fibulae have been recorded at sites in Poland and other countries, such as the Czech Republic. In Kwiatków, however, the discovery contained as many as three such artefacts, though they had not been made in a workshop of one craftsman, although two display a high level of similarity.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      DOI: 10.14746/fpp.2023.28.13
      Issue No: Vol. 28 (2023)
       
  • Sztuka epoki paleolitu w świetle hipotezy mózgu społecznego

    • Authors: Patrycja Wagner
      Pages: 315 - 331
      Abstract: The purpose of this article is to try to look at the phenomenon of Paleolithic cave art differently – through the prism of the assumptions of the social brain hypothesis. This paper will present the main assumptions of Robin Dunbar’s social brain concept, which assumes that the increase in the size of the social group influenced the development of the individual (both biologically and socio-culturally). Larger communities provided the impetus for the development of new cognitive qualities, which provided the opportunity for art to emerge.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      DOI: 10.14746/fpp.2023.14
      Issue No: Vol. 28 (2023)
       
  • Nieformalna ekspozycja materialnego dziedzictwa kulturowego -
           archeologicznego na terenach leśnych w Polsce

    • Authors: Rafał Zapłata
      Pages: 333 - 350
      Abstract: The article initially and cross-sectionally discusses the phenomenon of non-formal exhibitions and visiting of tangible cultural heritage in forest areas in Poland. The publication also shows certain processes that authenticate cultural resources, which are outside the register of monuments, as well as processes that inscribe certain cultural assets in public space, especially tourist space. The text has an introductory character to the problematic and at the same time recognizes the phenomenon.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      DOI: 10.14746/fpp.2023.28.15
      Issue No: Vol. 28 (2023)
       
  • Andrzej Sikorski (1953–2023). Archeolog, wykładowca, poeta

    • Authors: Olga Antowska-Gorączniak
      Pages: 351 - 353
      Abstract: On November 11th, 2023 died Andrzej Sikorski, an archaeologist, a university teacher, and a poet. The three nouns, however, appear to be insufficient to describe his intensive presence in the Archaeology Faculty at Adam Mickiewicz University and in numerous other places in Poznań. The paper is an attempt to introduce some of his achievements in various fields, and a farewell to a friend.
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      DOI: 10.14746/fpp.2023.28.16
      Issue No: Vol. 28 (2023)
       
 
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