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  Subjects -> ANTHROPOLOGY (Total: 398 journals)
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Episteme : Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1907-7491
Published by IAIN Tulungagung Homepage  [9 journals]
  • THE PERSISTENCE OF ANTI-AMERICAN SENTIMENT IN SOME MUSLIM COUNTRIES

    • Authors: Wasisto Raharjo Jati
      First page: 131
      Abstract: The term “Anti-American” sounds debatable in analyzing the relationship between the Islamic world and United States itself. This term arguably came out from Huntington’s Clash of Civilization, which argued the culture is the main belligerent instead of countries in the conflict. Two main cultures westerns versus Islamic culture often eventually shape the way relationships between two cultures going over, particularly Muslims themselves. Following up those arguments, the purpose of this study would like to analyze why Muslims are still hostile to Americans for some reasons. The method here is a critical literature review to investigate the causal link within relevant literatures to understand the reasons behind that sentiments. The findings of this study reveal that media, which mostly from middle eastern countries, shape the fluctuated trend of anti-American sentiment among Muslims. This heavily depends on the impact of US foreign policy on Arab that might precipitate anti-American sentiments.
      PubDate: 2022-01-14
      DOI: 10.21274/epis.2021.16.02.131-144
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 02 (2022)
       
  • ARTICULATING TAKFIR: Ayman Al-Zawahiri and The Global Jihad Ideology

    • Authors: Saifudin Asrori, Amsal Bakhtiar
      First page: 145
      Abstract: Takfir is an accusation against someone (especially to a fellow Muslim) as an infidel—those having different beliefs or expressing a different view or committing any acts of infidelity. Sentences or labels toward infidels vary and are accompanied by a fatwa from labeling the accused as ‘infidels’ to having the right to eradicate the infidels. This article discussed the development of the takfir doctrine which separates some groups not only based on theological aspects but also on socio-political aspects (for example, acknowledging the democratic system or working closely with non-Muslim affiliation). Moreover, the expanding meaning of ‘infidel’ is also accompanied by an obligatory, individual jihad to fight against internal enemies (near enemies) and external enemies (far enemies). The expansion is even emphasized on any occasions on several hatred acts, such as hating infidels, which are propagandized to promote and establish Islamic laws. Specifically, this article discussed how Ayman al-Zawahiri expanded the doctrine into global acts framed in a modern way, such as secularism, capitalism, human rights, and environmental destruction, to attract local jihad groups to fight together in global spheres.
      PubDate: 2022-03-29
      DOI: 10.21274/epis.2021.16.02.145-165
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 02 (2022)
       
  • TOLERANCE WITHOUT LIBERALISM

    • Authors: M Khusna Amal, Norshahrir Saat
      First page: 167
      Abstract: In Indonesia, scholars differ on how to deal with religious fundamentalism and intolerance. On the one hand, there are supporters of a militant approach, but on the other hand, there are those who prefer a moderate one. This article aims to analyze Indonesia's largest Muslim organization, Nahdlatul Ulama/NU and its responses towards the puritanical Wahhabi ideology. The organization is renowned for its contest against fundamentalist Muslim groups in post-New Order Indonesia. Focusing on the local branch of NU in Jember, East Java, this article argues that NU adopts an intolerant approach in dealing with Wahhabi groups and their Islamic da'wah (preaching) activism. NU’s approach is double-barreled first still within its moderation framework, the second falling out. NU rejects Wahhabi's religious orthodoxy, anti-pluralist, and discriminatory attitude towards different faiths who are lumped together as “infidels.” Yet, its attitude towards Wahhabi right to establish Islamic educational institutions represents authoritarianism. This article analyzes the impact of the local NU’s dualism of weakening intolerance on the one hand and undermining pluralism on the other hand.
      PubDate: 2022-03-29
      DOI: 10.21274/epis.2021.16.02.167-189
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 02 (2022)
       
  • HISAB RUKYAH'S LEGAL EPISTEMOLOGY FORMULATION

    • Authors: Ahmad Musonnif
      First page: 83
      Abstract: This article deals with varieties of epistemological methods in calculating days of lunar calendar (hijri), mainly on the beginning date of months. Examining different methods in Indonesian Islamic-scape, it argues that there are three epistemological models which are rooted at Islamic classical epistemologies; the ahl al-hadith (textualist), the ahl al-ra‎y (contextualist), and the intuitive sufi. The ahl al-hadith emphasizes on the empirical rukyatul-hilal (witnessing the moon), whereas the ahl al-ra’y strongly concerns on the mathematically rational method. The sufi, not so popular in Indonesia but influential in some sufi circles, deploys the intuitive kashf (uncovering) method. In some cases, these three are however intertwined and in contradiction one to another. The article futher argues that different method-in-use is strongly influenced the local spesificties of diverse Indonesian Muslim’s backgrounds, and groupings.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.21274/epis.2021.16.02.83-103
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 02 (2021)
       
  • CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS OF MUSLIM-CHRISTIAN RELATIONSHIP IN INDONESIA: Case
           of Proselytizing-Mission and Worship Building

    • Authors: Zuly Qodir
      First page: 105
      Abstract: The issues mission-da’wah, or called proselytizing and construction of places of worship. These issues are associated continuously with religious politics in Indonesia. According to Indonesian history, the issues have kept tensions reoccurring. However, Christianity and Islam had jointly driven colonialists away and founded the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI). The issues relating to the tension of the Christian-Muslim relationship have also impacted political and economic affairs. The relationship between Islam and Christianity has serious problems related to the conversion of religions by Muslims to Christians. Houses of worship and belief in religion are significant for Muslims and Christians. Islam and Christianity make religious communities and houses of worship an existence in religion. This article describes the problems that have occurred for a long time between Christianity and Islam in Indonesia, which have caused socio-religious relations to experience frequent breakdowns. This rift is due to the construction of places of worship and the conversion of religions that are widespread in Indonesia. The relationship between Christianity and Islam from the old order government to the present is related to political problems between Muslims and Christians in Indonesia. Meanwhile, the house of worship is associated with emotional bonds of religious submission. The current article concludes that to reduce tension between Christian and Muslims, all efforts to conduct dialogs should be sought, and social justice between Christian and Muslim Indonesia.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.21274/epis.2021.16.02.105-129
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 02 (2021)
       
 
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