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  Subjects -> ANTHROPOLOGY (Total: 398 journals)
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Anthropology & Aging
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2374-2267
Published by U of Pittsburgh Homepage  [30 journals]
  • Technologies of Ascription: How Does a Dementia Diagnosis Acquire its
           Symbolic Power of Exclusion in Later Life'

    • Authors: Sébastien Libert, Paul Higgs
      Pages: 1 - 16
      Abstract: Amidst the widespread stigma and exclusion attached to dementia in dominant narratives of successful ageing, this article addresses a gap in the scientific literature concerning our understanding of the medicalization of cognitive decline as a natural phenomenon. To this end, it explores how a dementia diagnosis acquires its symbolic power of exclusion in later life through an ethnography of cognitive rehabilitation therapy in two memory clinics in a southern European nation. It argues that this symbolic power of exclusion is locally produced through the meaning making practices of therapists and researchers administering regular cognitive training therapy and exercises to support autonomy. It shows how the different steps involved in rehabilitation play a role in dividing later life by defining and reifying a category of abnormal ageing during the cognitive assessment, and by applying a confrontational approach exposing decline. It shows how this approach generates the position of older adults who can be rehabilitated against those who cannot; the latter representing a “failed” ageing in the narrative of successful ageing. This article proposes the adoption of the concept of “technologies of ascription” to characterize this process of exclusion through reification and confrontation of “abnormal cognitive decline.” The paper argues that such practices are central to the local production of the symbolic power attached to a dementia diagnosis as well as its capacity to fragment later life. Finally, it argues for the utility of this concept in offering new opportunities for anthropology to characterize exclusion in later life through medicalization.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.5195/aa.2022.355
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 1 (2022)
  • Professional Women and Elder Care in Contemporary Japan: Anxiety and the
           Move Toward Technocare

    • Authors: Anne Aronsson
      Pages: 17 - 34
      Abstract: The elder population in Japan is increasing drastically, causing a number of issues that have not yet surfaced in most Western countries. Demographic data from Japan reveal that the Japanese have the longest lifespan globally, resulting in the world’s highest population of older adults. Concurrently, the country has a rapidly declining birth rate. As the population ages, the workforce is shrinking and leaving a high number of elders with fewer caregivers to meet their needs. At present, the Japanese government is developing robotic care solutions to overcome the elder care labor shortage and implementing a new agenda to introduce social robots into the field. This article discusses professional women in Japan and their burden of caring for aging relatives and how introducing robotic care devices might reduce current anxieties regarding the provision of elder care. It analyzes the elder care strategies of 12 white-collar professional women in their forties and fifties and examines the extent to which gendered, expected at-home caregiving affects their professional commitments and associated anxieties. The findings below provide crucial insight into the most effective strategies that can be used by Japanese women to balance their careers with responsibilities to care for older relatives, particularly when it is impossible to predict the intensity of caregiving in the future.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.5195/aa.2022.360
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 1 (2022)
  • Modest Swimwear, Religiosity and Aging: Apparel and Physical Activity for
           Women Throughout the Life Course

    • Authors: Allison M. Kabel
      Pages: 35 - 48
      Abstract: Swim-related activity is one of the most recommended forms of physical activity for older adults, increasing the importance of access to swimming and water sports throughout the life course. This study examined eight online forums addressing topics related to religious-based modesty and moral judgements about different types of swimwear, such as the bikini or the burqini. Online discussion forums dedicated to modest dress for women with religious or faith-based modesty preferences are often called “modesty blogs.” These blogs have grown in popularity and influence on social media, and one of the most controversial topics discussed is the notion of a woman’s choice in swimwear as a moral indicator. This article analyzes the ways in which these blogs serve as informal sites of knowledge production and sites of religious interpretation. These forums reveal insights about physical activity and the sense of belonging regarding modesty within a moralized domain. The review of these modesty blogs resulted in examples of (1) modest swimwear as empowering for religious women throughout the life course, (2) conflicting modesty narratives, and (3) modesty as a way to avoid shame and uphold middle-class values. Apparel-related barriers to physical activity, including swimwear and water sport, have the potential to negatively impact the health and well-being of religious women and their families throughout the life course. 
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.5195/aa.2022.359
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 1 (2022)
  • Respect, Gratitude, and Closure: A Trip of Honor and Remembrance

    • Authors: Lynette M. Castronovo, Matthew Dalstrom, Brandie Messer
      Pages: 49 - 57
      Abstract: Each year, more than 200 World War II, Korea, and Vietnam Veterans participate in the VetsRoll program, a four day bus trip from southern Wisconsin to Washington, D.C. VetsRoll is one of several organizations that bring Veterans to war memorials in Washington, D.C. to assist them in dealing with the socioemotional consequences of their time in service and return home. These programs specifically focus on older Veterans who are at a high risk for developing and/or managing mental health problems as they age. Some of these Veterans have never had the respect, gratitude, and closure necessary to help them cope with their time in service. Data was collected through participant observation and semi-structured interviews on the VetsRoll trip in 2019 and after the trip. Data was analyzed through thematic analysis. Drawing upon the metaphor of a pilgrimage, this paper shifts the lens of analysis away from a myopic focus on memorials or peer support to how the journey itself affects Veterans, the meaning it produces for them, and the lasting impact it has after the trip.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.5195/aa.2022.358
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 1 (2022)
  • What Older Prisoners Teach Us About Care and Justice in An Aging World

    • Authors: Jason Danely
      Pages: 58 - 65
      Abstract: Over the last two decades, there has been a rapid rise in the proportion of older adults in prisons across the world. While the cause for this trend depends on local demographic, legal and social circumstances, ethnographic attention to this issue remains sparse. This commentary examines the contributions of two recent books on older adults in prisons in order to highlight key questions and findings that might provide a foundation for future research for the anthropology of aging and the life course. Despite focusing on different national contexts, both works reveal the disproportionate harm to older adults as a result of incarceration, as well as the ways individuals cope, even in very restrictive institutional environments. I conclude by stressing the need for more ethnographic attention to the growing overlap between aging and the carceral (in and out of prisons), and the importance of this research for questioning our broader assumptions about aging, care, crime and justice.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.5195/aa.2022.395
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 1 (2022)
  • Book Review: Preventing Dementia' Critical Perspectives on a New
           Paradigm of Preparing for Old Age

    • Authors: Noa Vana
      Pages: 66 - 69
      Abstract: n/a
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.5195/aa.2022.387
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 1 (2022)
  • Book Review: Empowering the Elderly' How ‘Help to Self-Help’
           Health Interventions Shape Ageing and Eldercare in Denmark

    • Authors: Ellen Ahlness
      Pages: 70 - 73
      Abstract: n/a
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.5195/aa.2022.389
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 1 (2022)
  • Book Review: Changes in Care: Aging, Migration, and Social Class in West

    • Authors: Swetlana Torno
      Pages: 74 - 77
      Abstract: n/a
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.5195/aa.2022.388
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 1 (2022)
  • Book Review: The Right to an Age-Friendly City: Redistribution,
           Recognition, and Senior Citizen Rights in Urban Space

    • Authors: Yvonne Wallace
      Pages: 78 - 80
      Abstract: n/a
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.5195/aa.2022.390
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 1 (2022)
  • Book Review: Culture, Context and Ageing of Older Indians: Narratives from
           India and Beyond

    • Authors: Ketaki Chowkhani
      Pages: 81 - 83
      Abstract: n/a
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.5195/aa.2022.392
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 1 (2022)
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