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  Subjects -> ANTHROPOLOGY (Total: 398 journals)
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2284-0176
Published by Associazione Italiana per la Scienze EtnoAntropologiche Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Editoriale

    • Authors: Alberto Baldi, Eugenio Zito
      Pages: 3 - 8
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Antropologia culturale, social media, rete: qualche riflessione

    • Authors: Gaetano Mangiameli, Eugenio Zito
      Pages: 11 - 16
      Abstract: In this paper the authors introduce the monographic section on cultural anthropology, social media and web edited by them, presenting some preliminary reflections on these issues in the digital age and discussing briefly the five essays composing the section. Taken together, these essays propose a review of the studies on the topic, deepening some methodological issues relating to digital ethnography, explore strategies and methods of adaptation in different contexts with respect to the use of social media and more generally the web, provide interpretations on the multiple dimensions of change, think of social media as the content that people post, and discuss the political and relational uses of social media.
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Online/offline preservationists. The material engagement in Syrian
           cultural heritage between Facebook and offline life

    • Authors: Domenico Copertino
      Pages: 17 - 40
      Abstract: This article follows the activities of a group of Syrian preservationists, that take place both in Facebook and offline. The virtual dimension of social media doesn’t entail the abandonment of the offline dimension of their activism. The latter often involves a struggle against the material changes of structures and the risks the use of forbidden materials (mainly concrete) entails in the heritage sites. The destructions provoked by the current war add to the causes that led Unesco to list the Damascus medina among the heritage sites at risk. The debate about safeguard and transformation of heritage shows the influential role of civil society in Syria and the existence of an area of criticism, admitted by the regime, though in a non-democratic Middle Eastern country.
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • I memi come parodia del discorso politico italiano durante la pandemia di
           Covid-19 (2020-2021).

    • Authors: Franco Lai
      Pages: 41 - 58
      Abstract: This essay presents my interpretation of the production and circulation of memes as a parody of the Italian political and media discourse during the pandemic.The term meme and the viral circulation of visual and audiovisual messages can, in my opinion, be interpreted in the light of Richard Dawkins, Luigi Luca Cavalli Sforza and Dan Sperber’s works. They are cultural replicators with a viral circulation, capable of “settling” among the cultural meanings present in society. In this case, memes have a great diffusion capacity through networks of friends, relatives, colleagues etc., supported by social media (WhatsApp, Facebook). These memes can be elaborated by specific authors, exceptionally gifted with respect to technique and creativity, then uploaded and circulated very easily through social media; or they can be elaborated by a multitude of creatives with more “do-it-yourself” techniques and a more regional and local basis, judging from the characteristics of the images and the language used.My interpretation refers to the “subversive”, critical and oppositional dimension of parody as an elaboration of contemporary mass culture of the dominant political, cultural and media messages.Following Daniel Miller’s interpretation and the proposal of the curators of the monographic issue of the journal “Antropologia”, it is clear that not only the social use of technologies changes social media, but also that social media are inserted into social networks supporting and strengthening them and creating new ones, making them an area of relationship characterized by continuous and instant interaction.
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Human-technology relations in an age of surveillance capitalism: Towards
           an anthropological theory of the digital self

    • Authors: Vito Laterza
      Pages: 59 - 74
      Abstract: What can anthropology contribute to the current debates about the negative effects of social media on people' Starting from a critique of anthropological work that sees human subjectivity and culture as ontologically unaffected by social media use, I propose that human engagement with these digital technologies produces significant ontological transformations that deserve more attention. I develop my analysis in dialogue with Boellstorff’s ontology of the digital, Nardi’s theorisation of virtuality and affordances, and Zuboff’s formulation of surveillance capitalism, and I use empirical illustrations from the Cambridge Analytica data scandal to highlight key theoretical junctures. My main contribution is an outline of an anthropological theory of the dialectic between what I call analogue humanity and digital humanity. The two are mutually constituted but ontologically distinct. In the current political economy of digitalisation, tech companies are driving a process of increasing substitution of analogue humanity and forms of life with digital ones, as part of their quest for accurate prediction and social engineering of all aspects of human behaviour. While an anti-technology stance is neither practicable nor desirable, anthropologists need to think about how analogue humanity can be preserved and nurtured so that it can avoid ontological extinction.
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Social media e prospettivismo politico. Questioni di metodo, ipotesi,
           domande aperte

    • Authors: Gaetano Mangiameli
      Pages: 75 - 90
      Abstract: Social media textuality mostly consists of comments on comments, namely reactions to reactions, feeding a schismogenetic spiral with interesting implications when political issues are involved. As debates often address the political identity of individuals as their inner, authentic, permanent feature, social media are arenas that people use to unveil their opponents’ political nature. This article refers to the notion of “ontological disclosure” in order to introduce preliminary reflections concerning some aspects of Facebook interactions about political issues, in their broadest sense, and aims to contributing to the elaboration of a research agenda on this subject by suggesting that the scientific literature on perspectivism and ontology might be relevant to the anthropology of social media.
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • «Mi fai fare un giro con la webcam'». Storie di malattia da
           un’etnografia digitale in Marocco

    • Authors: Eugenio Zito
      Pages: 91 - 114
      Abstract: In this paper the author, starting from his research in medical anthropology on chronicity in Morocco, discusses, also according to contemporary debate on the anthropology of the web, its extension and re-adaptation digitally, following the limitations imposed on travel by Covid-19 in 2020 and 2021. The difficulties and potential of hybrid ethnography in the digital age, and in the course of a un-precedented so pervasive pandemic as the one we are living, are examined. The illness stories collected remotely with the interlocutors known on fieldwork before the pandemic show some aspects of the recent intense digital acceleration of our social life. Moreover these stories allow on the one hand to critically analyze some methodological aspects connected to digital and hybrid ethnography, and on the other to continue, despite physical distance, the research previously started in presence, albeit some adaptations and methodological updates.
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Abitare il margine, raccontare luoghi invisibili: le autobiografie dei
           detenuti per mafia nella Casa Circondariale Catania Bicocca

    • Authors: Giulia Bitto
      Pages: 117 - 132
      Abstract: This paper aims to explore the theme of the perception and experience of peri-urban and marginal places through the autobiographies written by mafia inmates in the Catania Bicocca Prison, who have joined a project I started inside the prison in the context of ethnography of detention. In the first part of this work, the notion of a peri-urban place is presented, to understand the context in which the prisoners lived. Subsequently, the Catania metropolitan area is analyzed in detail; finally, the experience and perception of these places of life are examined by following the stories of the prisoners.
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Una mobilità esasperante, una vita a più tempi

    • Authors: Serena Caroselli
      Pages: 133 - 148
      Abstract: This article aims to reflect on the effects of forced mobility linked to the trafficking of Nigerian women and on the responses given to them by current European policies. I refer specifically to the European system of international protection and asylum and to the role of national anti-trafficking projects, which configure trajectories which, as in the case studied, reproduce experiences of limitation over time, since they are added to the indebtedness of women themselves with the networks of trafficking. The dimension of time becomes crucial to grasp not only the control mechanisms of migrant subjectivities but above all to reveal how the people themselves react, in terms of possibilities and agency, starting from the social and cultural horizon of reference. In the contexts of European borders, such as that of the Brenner  - between Italy and Austria - the expression of security and containment policies produces the phenomenon of secondary movements that place migrants in front of new complications to access the social space and recognition. For the woman protagonist of this ethnography, these obstacles are intertwined with the pressures of the trafficking networks, with the result of a multiplication of the negative effects on her life, which I intend to analyze specifically in this work.
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • La ricchezza della scrittura in antropologia: possibilità inedite per
           i servizi socio sanitari

    • Authors: Alessia Fiorillo
      Pages: 149 - 164
      Abstract: . This essay investigates connections between informal practices and formal documents, in order to reflect on quality assessment tools in the Italian welfare system. The aim of this paper is to compare results carried out from ethnographic researches on mental health and on childcare in vulnerable families. The analysis explores writings describing medical treatments and focuses on rehabilitation processes related to the final inclusion in civil society. Associations and cooperatives constitute the services sector and undertake a strategic role in the experimentation of co-working methods empowering relationships. The anthropological perspective questions institutional methods of constructing individual memories, bringing out the risks of reductionism linked to the classification system of the disadvantage, the disease and the deviance. The ethnographic approach suggests to improve quality tabs by dialogues and collective discussions, involving social actors included in the healthcare processes. Introducing research in medical and social institutions strengthens observation skills of social experts and underlines the value of the social work. Despite the quantitative character of monitoring system, the implementation of assessment quality tools encourages to reconsider informal aspects of rehabilitation practices.
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • La desarticulación social del cuerpo. Polisemia de la violación y
           subjetividad resistente en el genocidio ruandés

    • Authors: Michela Fusaschi
      Pages: 165 - 178
      Abstract: During the Rwandan genocide of 1994 up to half a million women and children, predominantly Tutsi, suffered large-scale rape and other types of sexual violence because of both their ethnicity and their gender. The Interahamwe militia, military and political leaders [sometimes women] directed or encouraged sexual assault to promote the annihilation of the Tutsi as a group. Some women managed to survive, and they tried to testimony in Kinyarwanda, their native language. In this article, based on field work conducted in post genocide since 2004, the author seeks an historical and anthropological interpretation of this violence. Finally, the author explores how the Rwandan subjectivity can’t be explained based on Western visions and judgments.
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • "E poi ci siamo addormentati…" Comunità sospesa tra vulnerabilità e
           pratiche di rigenerazione dello spazio sociale e territoriale

    • Authors: Thea Rossi
      Pages: 179 - 192
      Abstract: Under certain circumstances of vulnerability, relationships among members of a community can crumble as well as connection with places where such relationships happen, so that places themselves lose their nature of lived spaces of mutual relations, as occurred in Montorio al Vomano, municipality in the district of Teramo (Abruzzo Region, Italy). In order to restore the social space, some local citizens undertake a socio-cultural training by means of theatrical communication based on autobiographical narration. The paper aims to analyze processes through which narration becomes a practice of social and territorial regeneration, embedded by individual and social group, with specific focus on memory-oblivion dialectics and on intergenerational dynamics of discovering and welcoming acceptance of the other.
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Halloween. La festa delle zucche vuote

    • Authors: Nicola Martellozzo
      Pages: 195 - 200
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Emigranti cineasti. Regie di un successo

    • Authors: Tamara Mykhaylyak
      Pages: 201 - 206
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Procreazione, genere e migrazioni su un’isola-frontiera nel

    • Authors: Eugenio Zito
      Pages: 207 - 212
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • In ricordo di Gian Luigi Bravo

    • Authors: AA VV
      Pages: 215 - 216
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
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