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  Subjects -> ANTHROPOLOGY (Total: 398 journals)
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Collegium Antropologicum
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0353-3735 - ISSN (Online) 1848-9486
Published by Croatian Anthropological Society Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Type D Personality and the Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Obese

    • Authors: Tomislav Jukic, Alojz Ihan, Lana Pavlovic, Vojko Strojnik, David Stubljar, Andrej Starc
      Abstract: The aim of the paper is to analyze the association between heart function among obese patients and Type D personality to predict the potential risk for coronary heart disease (CHD). Overall, 30 obese patients were evaluated for the DS14 score. Body mass with body mass index (BMI), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate (HR), and heart rate variability (HRV) were measured before and after a 3-month period. Half of the subjects had been instructed to exercise 4-times weakly (walking 5 km/h) for an hour, the other half did not exercise. Additionally, STAX-1, SWLS, and QOLLTI-P questionnaires had been used. All participants had a normal CRP and sedimentation rate at the enrolment and after 3-month follow up. None of the psychological tests (STAX-1, SWLS and QLLTI-P) showed statistical difference in results between June and October. Participants who exercised showed lower HR compared to participants who did not exercise. Obese patients with high DS14 score showed reduced HRV as an additional risk factor for the future cardiovascular and other stress-related diseases. Type D personality was associated with an increased risk of CHD proved by the HRV measures when the individual was not exercising. Thus, individual personality in fact correlates to autonomic regulation of the heart.doi:10.5671/ca.46.4.1
      PubDate: 2022-12-15
      DOI: 10.5671/ca.46.4.1
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2022)
  • Use of Pre-web Computer Networks to Give Information about the Attacks on
           Dubrovnik and Vukovar

    • Authors: Mato Brautović, Julijana Antić Brautović, Romana John
      Abstract:  Although, 30-years ago, there was a limited number of computer networks and computers in the former Yugoslavia, as well as worldwide, they were used by academia and the elites, who had enough knowledge and access to computers and to modems. Their views on the political situation, which have been preserved in the digital world, may give valuable insight into events, and, notably, about how these elites perceived/participated in the collapse of the State, and how the public in different Yugoslavian republics articulated their views. The main problem relating to this kind of approach was the limited resources that were available, as the majority of the digital documents have been lost forever, so studying this topic through the use of pre-web digital documents looked more like digital archeology, and less like historical/textual analysis. This paper was written based on two case studies: the bulletin board systems (BBS) Sezam BBS, and the e-mail distribution list Pisma Bralcev, and how they were used to report on the Yugoslav People's Army’s attacks on Dubrovnik and Vukovar in Fall, 1991. In the first case, the study examines ‘Sezam BBS’, which was based in Belgrade and was used by Serbian, Croatian and Slovenian academics, politicians and journalists, and was, at the time, the most popular forum open to the public, and was under no government control. The second case was the email distribution list, Pisma Bralcev, which was run by Slovenian academics and was used for the distribution of news abroad. The data for analysis was collected through archival research on original discussions, e-mails, reports, etc. The main findings show that the bul­letin board systems, discussion groups and e-mail enabled the first forums for the exchange of opposing ideas, and they became places in which the Yugoslavian elite could be informed beyond the information that was given by the mass media and politically controlled sources.doi:10.5671/ca.46.4.2
      PubDate: 2022-12-15
      DOI: 10.5671/ca.46.4.2
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2022)
  • The Influence of Urbanization Level of Residence on the Health-Related
           Fitness of University Students

    • Authors: Andrzej Jopkiewicz, Monika Zaręba, Agata Maria Jopkiewicz, Slawomir Koziel
      Abstract: The aim of the study was to assess the influence of place of residence on the health-related fitness (H-RF) of university
      students from Kielce, Poland. The research included 632 first-year students from the Jan Kochanowski University in
      Kielce between 2015-2017. The research analyzed two basic components of H-RF─ morphological and circulatory-respiratory. In terms of the morphological component, body height and weight, as well as BMI were measured. In terms of the circulatory-respiratory component, the V·O2max was calculated utilizing the Astrand test, that allows the assessment of V·O2max in l/min and V·O2max in ml/kg/min and PWC170. Data regarding place of permanent residence of the students and physical activity in their free time were collected using a questionnaire. In this respect, the urban and rural environment were distinguished. Using the Vigorous Physical Activity index, two categories of physical activity in free time were distinguished, i.e. moderate and low. The obtained results indicate a differentiation of H-RF of the student, both in relation to the place of permanent residence and physical activity in their free time, that was slightly more pronounced in men than in women. This may denote that men are more eco-sensitive, meaning that they might be more susceptible to the influence of environmental factors.doi:10.5671/ca.46.4.3
      PubDate: 2022-12-15
      DOI: 10.5671/ca.46.4.3
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2022)
  • Paleopathological Approach to the Study of a Christian Relic: The Case of
           the Blessed Maria Lorenza Longo

    • Authors: Mirko Traversari
      Abstract: The Blessed Maria Lorenza Longo, founder of the hospital of Santa Maria del Popolo degli Incurabili and the Order of the Capuchin Poor Clares in Naples, Italy, died on 21 October 1539 and was recently beatified on 9 October 2021. The relic, a fully skeletonized cranium, underwent visual and radiological inspection. The biological profile supports the attribution of female sex of the relic, whereas the age at death is estimated to be younger than that reported by historians. A paleopathological survey was conducted to evaluate the historical reports of poisoning or rheumatoid arthritis affecting Maria Longo. Given the limited skeletal data, it was  not possible to confirm the presence of these claims. No obvious indicators of dietary deficiencies were observed, and the tertiary syphilis hypothesized by textual sources was excluded. Postmortem alterations of the relic were clearly visible on the superior aspect of the cranium and testified to the worship of the relic.doi:10.5671/ca.46.4.4
      PubDate: 2022-12-15
      DOI: 10.5671/ca.46.4.4
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2022)
  • The Mummies in the Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie, Calascio: A New
           Site in the Inner Abruzzo Region, Central Italy

    • Authors: Luca Ventura, Ilaria Vaccarelli, Mattia Iannella, Luca Castellani, Gianni D'Altri, Mirko Traversari
      Abstract: The inner Abruzzo region, corresponding to the province of L’Aquila, is a land of mountains and highlands in central Italy. Its environmental conditions greatly foster spontaneous mummification, and the area is well known for the human mummies found in the last decades. We present a newly discovered collection of mummified remains in the village of Calascio, located 1,210 meters above sea level, near Gran Sasso Mountain. Here, the Franciscan convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie was built in 1594. The preliminary survey of a crypt in the conventual church allowed us to observe wooden coffins with at least seven mummified bodies still in their clothes, and several bony remains. Most likely, the mummies date back to the second half of the 19th century, and belonged to laypersons. Preservation was certainly due to the cold dry environment of the crypt. The recovery of the entire series will take place through speleological techniques according to stratigraphic relationships, in order to trace a bioanthropological profile of this small community members.doi:10.5671/ca.46.4.5
      PubDate: 2022-12-15
      DOI: 10.5671/ca.46.4.5
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2022)
  • The Effects of Covid-19 Lockdown on Persons with Dementia

    • Authors: Lucija Grkman, Barbara Lovrečič, Mercedes Lovrečič
      Abstract: The covid-19 pandemic has had a profound impact on the lives of all, especially vulnerable groups, like persons with dementia. During lockdown, access to healthcare was limited, loneliness and the burden of caregivers increased. We reviewed the literature, using PRISMA methodology, on dynamic of dementia symptoms after the beginning of the pandemic and lockdown. According to the studies included in the results in our research, the proportions of worsening neuropsychiatric symptoms ranged from 14% to 72%, cognitive decline ranged from 19% to 60% and the need for pharmacological adjustment of treatment ranged from 7,2 % to 27,6 %.  The most common symptoms that worsened during the pandemic were apathy, agitation, anxiety, depressive symptoms and sleeping disorders. On the other hand, few researches have not shown a link between the pandemic and worsening of dementia symptoms. For a more holistic view of the impact of the pandemic on persons with dementia, future monitoring of the change in dementia symptoms, for example at the end of the pandemic, would be necessary.doi:10.5671/ca.46.4.6
      PubDate: 2022-12-15
      DOI: 10.5671/ca.46.4.6
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2022)
  • Social Challenges and Social Gerontology Competencies: The Case of

    • Authors: Erika Džajić Uršič, Bojan Macuh, Predrag Ljubotina, Andrej Raspor
      Abstract: The trend toward an aging population observed in Slovenia is one of the major problems in common with more developed countries within the European Union, which will certainly increase in the future. With the help of qualitative analysis, we observed and made selections for the most (1) needed, (2) desired, and (3) obtained Social Gerontology competencies for higher education institutions. With the data analysis, we performed descriptive indicators to prepare a suggested instrument that will help HEIs in the placement of appropriate competencies in educational programs. This will also help young people work with the elderly and in future enrolment. The measurements indicate how the opinion of our respondents intersects with 40 national factors recognized by gerontological social workers. With the meta-analysis, we extract ten factors. This was the prerequisite for a new methodological instrument that showed frequencies that are proportional to the importance perceived by our respondents.doi:10.5671/ca.46.4.7
      PubDate: 2022-12-15
      DOI: 10.5671/ca.46.4.7
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2022)
  • Battle for Srdj – The Strategic Defense of Dubrovnik

    • Authors: Marijana Musladin, Monika Cverlin
      Abstract: This article will elaborate on the dynamics of the Siege of Dubrovnik and analyze its implications with special emphasis on the Battle for Srđ. Based on the theory of (military) defense strategy, the focus is on the defense of the city of Dubrovnik in the 1991 war with special reference to the Battle for Srđ (on December 6, 1991). By analyzing military documents, as well as the documents of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague (ICTY), historical sources, interviews with participants in the war in Dubrovnik, and scrutinized media reports, this article aims to determine how crucial the Battle for Srđ was in the overall defense of the city of Dubrovnik in 1991.doi:10.5671/ca.46.4.8
      PubDate: 2022-12-15
      DOI: 10.5671/ca.46.4.8
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2022)
  • Amor Patriae in Literary Journalism: Analysis of Croatian Homeland War

    • Authors: Ružica Pšihistal, Majda Tafra
      Abstract:  The Homeland War in Croatia (1991-1995) resulted with a relatively great production of various hybrid nonfiction genres. War journalism in the mainstream media mainly reported facts by young unexperienced journalists. War reporting was dry and nowhere close to literary journalism. With one exception. In November 1991, Joža Vlahović, the doyen of Croatian journalism went to the frontline as a war reporter. This resulted in a series of short stories that fall into a wider scope called new journalism, literary journalism, immersion journalism, or narrative nonfiction. Hence, the research of these texts which were first published as war reports in 1991 in newspapers, and twenty years later gathered in a book significantly titled “Onaj rat je bio bolji” (That War Was Better), is a multidisciplinary research effort within literature and communication sciences to investigate these brilliant stories of a specific genre in always intriguing common ground of literature and journalism.doi:10.5671/ca.46.4.9
      PubDate: 2022-12-15
      DOI: 10.5671/ca.46.4.9
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2022)
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