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Cultural Dynamics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.122
Number of Followers: 6  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0921-3740 - ISSN (Online) 1461-7048
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1175 journals]
  • The crutch of violence: Writing A History of the Republic of Biafra: Law,
           Crime, and the Nigerian Civil War

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      Authors: Samuel Fury Childs Daly
      Pages: 260 - 264
      Abstract: Cultural Dynamics, Volume 34, Issue 3, Page 260-264, August 2022.

      Citation: Cultural Dynamics
      PubDate: 2022-06-28T08:53:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/09213740221105731
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Care-work for colonial and contemporary white families in India: A
           historical-anthropology of the racialized romanticization of the ayah

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      Authors: Satya Shikha Chakraborty, Shalini Grover
      Abstract: Cultural Dynamics, Ahead of Print.
      This article examines interracial gendered care-work through the figure of the ayah (maid) serving white families in India from the late-eighteenth to the twenty-first century. Historical and anthropological scholarships on domestic labor in India remain self-contained fields, and mostly focus on middle-class Indian households. Our comparative study offers insights into the racialized romanticization of the ayah through a trans-temporal approach combining archival work (for British imperial households in the past) with ethnographic research (for Euro-American expatriate households in the present). While exploring the parallels in colonial and contemporary domestic dynamics, and the intertwining of interracial anxieties and sentimentalization, we pay close attention to the subjectivities of Indian ayahs and their changing labor roles.
      Citation: Cultural Dynamics
      PubDate: 2022-11-29T02:12:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/09213740221144045
       
  • Space, place, and the landscapes of slavery

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      Authors: Christopher R DeCorse
      Abstract: Cultural Dynamics, Ahead of Print.
      Reconstructing the Landscapes of Slavery: A Visual History of the Plantation in the Nineteenth-Century Atlantic World by Dale Tomich, Rafael de Bivar Marquese, Reinaldo Funes Monzote, and Carlos Venegas Fornias examines the economic and political restructuring of 19th century slavery through contemporary paintings, plans and images. Ranging across the diverse settings of the lower Mississippi Valley, Cuba, and Brazil, the authors use a landscape-oriented perspective to chart the redeployment, reorganization, and industrialization of slavery during the 19th century, a time referred to as the ‘Second Slavery’. The incremental steps toward abolition during the 19th century did not result in a decline of agriculture based on enslaved labor or weaken the institutions that supported it. Rather, plantation slavery emerged as an efficient agro-industrial system, massive in scale, that was central to the political and economic restructuring of industrial capitalism. New political-economic spaces were exploited, while old ones declined. Focusing on Cuba, Brazil and the Mississippi Valley, the authors examine the contrasting spatial and material organization of plantations to shed new light on how these landscapes expressed both global socioeconomic processes and local contexts. The volume affords an insightful view of plantation landscapes that can be usefully read by historians, archaeologists, and wider audiences.
      Citation: Cultural Dynamics
      PubDate: 2022-11-18T10:26:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/09213740221140791
       
  • Text, image and object: Analysiing plantation landscapes

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      Authors: Dale Tomich
      Abstract: Cultural Dynamics, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Cultural Dynamics
      PubDate: 2022-11-17T04:36:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/09213740221140743
       
  • The white-clad people: The white hanbok and Korean nationalism

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      Authors: Yeseung Lee
      Abstract: Cultural Dynamics, Ahead of Print.
      The paper diachronically examines the white hanbok as the material and symbolic site of interaction between the hegemonising and the hegemonised in Korea. It traces the changing status of the white hanbok from the end of the 19th century to the present—from being part of unconscious material culture, to the synecdoche of the colonised nation, to the symbol of resistance, to the membrane of a ‘homogeneous nation’, to the symbol of democracy. It analyses the white hanbok as a paradoxical skin—at once inclusive and exclusive—of Korean ethnonationalism, as well as a permeable membrane between the self and other of national identity. By exploring the white hanbok in relation to the ongoing movement towards a decolonised democratic nation, the paper reveals the entwined relations between material objects, practices, and nationalism in Korea.
      Citation: Cultural Dynamics
      PubDate: 2022-08-04T10:01:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/09213740221117811
       
  • Introduction: Neoliberalism in the Americas. Brutal experiments,
           distressful realities, and conspicuous contestations

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      Authors: Eduardo Altheman, Mónica González García, Ximena Martínez
      First page: 123
      Abstract: Cultural Dynamics, Ahead of Print.
      This special issue was originally conceived as a conference organized at Duke University in January 2019, entitled “Neoliberalism in the Americas: Brutal Experiments, Distressful Realities, and Conspicuous Contestations. Re-thinking the South in the North and the North in the South.” The premise that inspired this reunion was, since Milton Friedman used dictatorial Chile as a laboratory for his monetary theories, neoliberalism has always been a matter that concerned the Americas as a continent. It has bound together Chicago and Santiago in one single package of authoritarian rule and unfettered capitalism, blemished with Nobel prizes, wealth concentration, and always-renewed, never-fulfilled promises of freedom and economic growth. Most of the articles were originally presented at the aforementioned conference, including a piece shared by one of the keynote speakers, Brazilian philosopher Vladimir Safatle. Nonetheless, we have also incorporated other contributions, such as an interview with Australian scholar Melinda Cooper. These works address neoliberalism from literature to psychoanalysis, from politics to gender and sexual identities, from historical and present-day investigations. The result is a multinational, transdisciplinary volume centered on the experiments of neoliberalization which, since the 1970s, connect the entire continent—ultimately reaching the extent of a truly global experience.
      Citation: Cultural Dynamics
      PubDate: 2022-05-24T02:08:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/09213740221093081
       
  • Economics is the continuation of psychology by other means: Psychic
           suffering and neoliberalism as a moral economy

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      Authors: Vladimir Safatle
      First page: 134
      Abstract: Cultural Dynamics, Ahead of Print.
      The article aims to discuss some psychic consequences of the emergence of neoliberalism. I seek to understand the major changes presupposed by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder III upon the rise of a neoliberal subjectivity. If we want to have a real idea of the disciplinary process immanent to neoliberalism, we need to understand how it changed our way of describing categories of psychic suffering and disease.
      Citation: Cultural Dynamics
      PubDate: 2022-05-16T01:28:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/09213740221103167
       
  • The return of neoliberalism in Argentina: Towards a critical theory from
           (and for) the global south

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      Authors: Santiago M. Roggerone
      First page: 152
      Abstract: Cultural Dynamics, Ahead of Print.
      The victory of Mauricio Macri in the 2015 Argentine presidential election led to a kind of return of neoliberalism, soon resisted by the people and the political opposition. In this paper I will address the question of how recent regressive neoliberal policies and austerity agenda have been defied and counteracted by progressive forces and the Argentine left-wing movements. To do so, I will periodize this country’s recent history and map the positions occupied by the local left in order to argue that neoliberalism has never been entirely hegemonic in Argentina. By doing this, I hope to contribute to the development of a critical theory from (and for) the global south.
      Citation: Cultural Dynamics
      PubDate: 2022-05-17T04:56:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/09213740221103171
       
  • A visionary geography: Raúl Zurita and the problem of the land

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      Authors: Michael Martin Shea
      First page: 173
      Abstract: Cultural Dynamics, Ahead of Print.
      This essay argues for a reconsideration of Raúl Zurita’s early poetry in the context of the agrarian question in Chilean socialism and neoliberalism. Countering readings of Zurita’s landscape poetics as primarily metonymic depictions of bodily trauma suffered by the victims of the Pinochet dictatorship, I argue that space as it appears in Zurita’s first two collections, Purgatorio and Anteparaíso, is a non-mimetic, discursive, and contradictory object. Through this rendering, Zurita’s poetic speaker offers what I term a “visionary geography” which denaturalizes the Chilean landscape and reflects the centrality of land use to the crisis and conflict of the 1970s.
      Citation: Cultural Dynamics
      PubDate: 2022-08-18T04:39:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/09213740221112968
       
  • Neoliberalism and neocolonialism in Nadia Prado‚Äôs @Copyright (2003):
           Towards a decolonial reading

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      Authors: Bárbara Fernández-Melleda
      First page: 195
      Abstract: Cultural Dynamics, Ahead of Print.
      This paper reads Nadia Prado’s poetry collection ©Copyright (2003) from a decolonial perspective, based on Walter Mignolo’s conceptualization of history as heterogeneous and decentred, aspects that I argue also permeate subjectivity and poetic expression. The poem delves into criticism of both Chilean neoliberal reality and a wider Latin American context in which the US has become a new economic and cultural hegemonic entity to be resisted from the margins. As a follow-up from the poetry/performance work Poesía es + (2002), co-authored with Malú Urriola, ©Copyright explores expression or its lack thereof within a profit-driven Chilean democratic transitional moment. Prado’s poetry opens up space that paves the way for a deep critique of neo-colonialism and neoliberalism. At the same time, this poem becomes part of a larger corpus of poetic, narrative and critical work that has compiled concerns and discontents since neoliberalism was imposed in Chile.
      Citation: Cultural Dynamics
      PubDate: 2022-05-17T07:37:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/09213740221103168
       
  • The microcredit mousetrap: A long way from fighting poverty in Mexico

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      Authors: Antonio Orozco Ramos
      First page: 213
      Abstract: Cultural Dynamics, Ahead of Print.
      In Mexico microcredit has deviated from its original purpose of fighting poverty to oppress those whom it was supposed to help through high interest rates and over-indebtedness. There 42% of the population is poor, fighting poverty is paramount. Three decades ago, microcredit (which is different from microfinance), took root as a new, promising tool to help millions of people, who have historically been excluded from the traditional financial system, emerge from the grip of poverty. From the outset, microcredit usurped the place of microfinance in the fight against poverty, as it set aside the most effective financial tool: savings.
      Citation: Cultural Dynamics
      PubDate: 2022-08-08T10:41:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/09213740221120304
       
  • Homomercracia. The commodification of sexual and gender diversity in
           Chilean democracy

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      Authors: Abelardo León-Donoso
      First page: 222
      Abstract: Cultural Dynamics, Ahead of Print.
      The approval of the anti-discrimination law in 2012 and the Civil Union Agreement in 2015 in Chile offer a sharp contrast to a society that has historically repressed LGBTQ people. However, it is not clear why and how public discourse shifted within this conventional heteronormative context. To understand this, I analyze samples taken from the Chilean print and digital media using Critical Discourse Analysis. I propose the concept of Homomercracia: a portmanteau from the Spanish words for homosexuality, market, and democracy, which describes the instrumentalization of political rhetoric related to sexual and gender diversity. I conclude that social and political changes in Chilean society have helped to catalyze these recent advances.
      Citation: Cultural Dynamics
      PubDate: 2022-06-25T04:16:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/09213740221110920
       
  • The holy family: Neoliberalism and neoconservatism in the current
           far-right: Interview with Melinda Cooper

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      Authors: Bruna Della Torre, Melinda Cooper
      First page: 242
      Abstract: Cultural Dynamics, Ahead of Print.
      Interview with Melinda Cooper about her 2017 book Family Values: Between Neoliberalism and the New Social Conservatism. The interview addresses neoliberal gender politics, Cooper’s critique of the separation between politics of “distribution” and “recognition,” contemporary politics in America and the question of reproductive labor.
      Citation: Cultural Dynamics
      PubDate: 2022-05-26T12:53:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/09213740221093079
       
  • Book Forum

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      Authors: Vivian Chenxue Lu
      First page: 251
      Abstract: Cultural Dynamics, Ahead of Print.
      Samuel Fury Childs Daly’s A History of the Republic of Biafra: Law, Crime, and the Nigerian Civil War focuses on the remarkable legal inner workings of the postcolonial African secessionist state of Biafra (1967-70). Drawing from extensive and original archival research, ranging from official archives to previously abandoned local court backrooms, interviews, and private collections, Daly considers the complex and troubled phenomenon of criminality during and after the Nigerian Civil War by tracing how Biafran law itself morphed and expanded under war conditions to incorporate the extraordinary. Law was not practiced as simply an enforcement of abstract rules but rather a mediating force amongst desperate citizens during brutal times; Biafran judges, lawyers, soldiers, and civilians remained consistently committed to the legal system and state-building despite dire and violent war conditions. Daly traces the production of criminality as a legal category, social problem, and public anxiety through the Nigerian Civil War and its aftermath, ultimately situating Nigeria’s contemporary international reputation for fraud and violent crime in the context of being a postwar society.
      Citation: Cultural Dynamics
      PubDate: 2022-07-18T08:57:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/09213740221105739
       
  • A New History of Crime and Law in 20th century Nigeria

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      Authors: Titilola Halimat Somotan
      First page: 256
      Abstract: Cultural Dynamics, Ahead of Print.
      Historians have focused on the origin of the Nigeria-Biafran War (1967–70) and the conflict's impact on Nigeria's local and international policies. But no study has adequately interrogated the Biafran legal system. In his groundbreaking monograph, A History of the Republic of Biafra: Law, Crime, and the State in the Nigerian Civil War, Samuel Fury Childs Daly examines how armed robbery and fraud increased during the war and in postwar Nigeria. Drawing on court records, diplomatic records, and oral interviews, the author argues that Biafran citizens and state representatives broke the law to survive economic and political hardships. Many forged documents to avoid conscription into the army or impersonated soldiers to procure food. In some cases, individuals committed crime for self-aggrandizement or vengeance. Daly asserts that Nigeria’s experience with crime, especially fraudulent acts like advance-fee fraud, can be traced to the criminal behaviors that exploded during and after the war. In other words, the illegal acts undertaken by ordinary people in Biafra to cope with unemployment and poverty became part of everyday life in postwar Nigeria. A History of the Republic of Biafra contributes to histories of law, military, postcolonial states in Africa, and the Nigerian Civil War.
      Citation: Cultural Dynamics
      PubDate: 2022-08-11T01:44:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/09213740221105738
       
 
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