A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

  Subjects -> ANTHROPOLOGY (Total: 398 journals)
The end of the list has been reached or no journals were found for your choice.
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Journal of Modern Anthropology
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1737-8176
Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [260 journals]
  • Information management and cultural evolution in Aboriginal Australia (In
           light of the cultural heterochrony hypothesis)

    • Authors: George F. Steiner
      Pages: 1245 - 1299
      Abstract: Following a recent re-evaluation of evidence from an archaeological site in  SE Australia, the possibility of a 120 thousand  years (ka) old human presence in the Fifth  Continent has been suggested. However, the commonly accepted  date for the peopling of  Australia remains within the range of 50 - 65 ka. Even if the newly proposed date were  halved,  an uninterrupted 60 ka continuity in the same territory would raise a few questions  regarding the transmission  mechanisms that have enabled the retention of the massive  amount of knowledge acquired during such an extended  period, especially when  considering the lack of demographic strength, which is believed to be a prerequisite for  effective social learning. I argue that the emergence, developmental rate, and extent of  Australian culture reflect an  ‘additive’ evolutionary strategy centred on a ritually  regulated feedback loop between the volume of information flow  and the level of social  elaboration. The model forwarded in this paper is at odds with current theoretical  approaches to  cultural evolution in which Aboriginal traditions are often portrayed as  living examples of Pleistocene cross-cultural  universals.  
      PubDate: 2023-11-24
      DOI: 10.4314/ijma.v2i20.1
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 20 (2023)
       
  • Parallelism of Prehistoric Lanzarote (Canary Islands) Quesera/Cheeseboard
           Lunisolar Calendar and intriguing strip band channels of the City of David
           archaeological site (Middle East)

    • Authors: Antonio Arnaiz-Villena, Marcial Medina, Christian Vaquero-Yuste, Carlos Suarez-Sanchez, Ignacio Juarez, Fabio Suarez-Trujillo
      Pages: 1301 - 1329
      Abstract: It has recently been discovered and widespread in worldwide media that a  puzzling and unusual channel structures  have appeared at the City of David  archaeological site in Middle East (Al Quds - Jerusalem). No function has been  agreed  for them and their building age has been calculated in an uncertain time before 2800 years  BC when these  structures ceased to be used. We have been working in Lanzarote Island  (Canary Islands) rock epigraphy and other  archaeological matters in the last 20 years, and  we have found that the structure of “Quesera”/Cheeseboard of  Zonzamas was a lunisolar  calendar similar to the Egyptian one (365 solar days and about 27.5 days) built up by  aboriginal Guanches. It consists in channels carved in basaltic rocks in a precise way,  which is very similar to one of the  intriguing structures found at the City of David that  may also represent an ancient Egyptian-like calendar. The second  structure having  parallel channels may be either part of another “Quesera”/Cheeseboard-like calendar or  even a cart- ruts structure more widely defined in Malta as a Bronze Age construction.  Both structures might also be astronomical  observatories. We have proposed from our  studies in Lanzarote and Malta Bronze Age cart-ruts that they also may be  used to  measure time and astronomic observations. This specific homology would certainly may  bring Lanzarote  megalithic archaeological “Quesera”/Cheese board centuries of years BC  in antiquity. This so specific parallel between  artifacts found in Middle East and  Lanzarote could be explained by a “green” Sahara culture before desertification  started  10-5,000 years BC.
      PubDate: 2023-11-24
      DOI: 10.4314/ijma.v2i20.2
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 20 (2023)
       
  • Second funeral rituals and integration of the dead with the living among
           the Nawfia of Southeastern Nigeria

    • Authors: Ugochukwu Titus Ugwu
      Pages: 1331 - 1344
      Abstract: This study explores the second funeral rituals practiced among the Nawfia of Southeastern Nigeria and their integration  of the dead with the living. Second funerals  are traditionally conducted by the Nawfia to honor and celebrate the lives of  their  deceased family members. Through detailed ethnographic interviews and focus group  discussion (FGD), this  research examines the customs, practices, and beliefs related to  second funeral rituals and the integration of the dead  with the living. The study reveals  that second funerals are seen as an important part of the grieving process and are  conducted to provide closure to the grieving family members. Findings of this study also  reveals that the rituals often  involve the preparation of a special meal and libation and  blessings. Additionally, participants discuss the idea that the  dead can “witness” these  rituals from the spirit realm and that these rituals serve as a source of comfort for grieving  family members. The study further explores the ways in which these rituals serve to  integrate the dead with the living.  Reports show that these rituals help to bridge the gap  between the physical world and the spirit world, allowing for a  closer connection between  those who have passed and those who remain. The study also suggest that the rituals  create a sense of security, as they provide a sense of continuity and hope for the future.  Overall, this study provides  important insights into the second funeral rituals and the  integration of the dead with the living among the Nawfia of  Southeastern Nigeria. This  research highlights the importance of these rituals and sheds light on the traditions,  customs, and beliefs associated with them. It also offers valuable implications for both  grief counseling and the  preservation of cultural heritage.  
      PubDate: 2023-11-24
      DOI: 10.4314/ijma.v2i20.3
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 20 (2023)
       
  • The long lost Ebionites. A relook at the Ibo region of West Africa

    • Authors: Charles Okwuobi
      Pages: 1346 - 1365
      Abstract: The Ebionites were a Jewish sect that knew Jesus intimately; had their own Nazarene Gospel; but held immovable beliefs  that challenged key tenets of Christianity.  They disappeared in the fourth century leaving a vacuum physically and  ideologically.  About a millennium later, the Portuguese reported of a people in West Africa with a Pope  and Papacy  similar in structure and veneration as the Roman Catholic Pope. Towards the  end of the nineteenth century,  missionaries and anthropologists scouring the region  confirmed those reports, as well as the presence of other Levitical  influences amongst the  Igbos of Nigeria. This paper researches those similarities with a focus on the religious  cosmology of the Ibo people of Asaba. It applies ethnographic qualitative research, then  places the findings over the  tenets of Catholicism with respect to their organizational  structure; sacraments; rites; and steps to becoming sons of  God. The results show that the  ideologies of the Ibo and the Romans were deeply intertwined in every area of the study.  The paper posits that the only way the religious ideologies of the Romans and the Ibos  could have so closely  mirrored each other, is if they were both in the same place at the  same time. Thus, concludes that the Ibos [Eboe, Igbo]  are the Ebionites. The paper offers  hypotheses to explain the role of the ego in creating the core tenet of this  unifying  cosmology, and possibly how the convergence occurred. The paper could form the basis  for renewed research  in Hebraic-African studies; Black-American dispersion; Mary  Magdalene; Jesus’ crown of thorns; the sequence  of biblical gospel events; and even a  template for future religion in this ego-driven civilization.   
      PubDate: 2023-11-24
      DOI: 10.4314/ijma.v2i20.4
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 20 (2023)
       
  • Tindaya Guanche sacred mountain, Fuerteventura (Canary Islands, Spain) and
           its Ibero-Guanche (Latin) rock inscriptions

    • Authors: Antonio Arnaiz-Villena, Marcial Medina, Christian Vaquero-Yuste, Valentin Ruiz-del-Valle, Carlos Suarez-Sanchez, Ignacio Juarez, Fabio Suarez-Trujillo
      Pages: 1367 - 1387
      Abstract: Tindaya volcano is a sacred Guanche (or Majo)* mountain, Canary Islands, Spain. This mountain was probably a  religious / pilgrimage place for Guanche /Majo  people. Many of its rocks are covered by lineal and figurative motifs with  incised or  picketed (carved) technology the most abundant reported are podomorphs, which in the  Atlantic  European façade usually point towards either the summer solstice sunset or the  sunset yearly arch at these latitudes  (Northwest direction). Podomorphs are generally  admixed with other motifs in the rock panel. Among these motifs are  the so called Ibero-Guanche incised Lineal Megalithic Scripts or pre-Guanche-Iberian signs. These are  similar to those  found in other Canary Islands, Algerian Sahara Desert or Iberia, some of  them scripted in dolmens themselves (5-3,000  years BC). This finding at Tindaya volcano  supports a very early Fuerteventura Island, longer before than Punic or  Roman influence,  if any; podomorphs todays Bronze Age chronology in Iberia supports ancient peopling in  Fuerteventura and other Canary Islands. In the present paper we analyse these incise  Iberian-Guanche (or earlier)  writing and put forward a mainly religious/ funeral meaning  in the context of the Paleolithic/Neolithic widespread  Religion of the Mother. The Saharo-Canarian cultural circle may have been the origin of Eurafrican and  Mediterranean  Lineal scripts, like Runes, Iberian Tartessian, Etruscan, Lepontic, Minoan  Lineal A and others. Particularly Iberian- Guanche scripts and their probable precursor  Linela Megalithic signs also present in Sahara supports that Saharan  people migration  when desertification started about 10,000 BC was origin of this culture.  *Majos= Lanzarote and  Fuerteventura Islands inhabitants. 
      PubDate: 2023-11-24
      DOI: 10.4314/ijma.v2i20.5
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 20 (2023)
       
  • The Antequera (Spain) Slate: an undetermined writing found in a Roman-type
           Villa and the need of revision of Iberia history, anthropology and
           archaeology

    • Authors: Antonio Arnaiz-Villena, Manuel Romero, Christian Vaquero-Yuste, Valentin Ruiz-del-Valle, Carlos Suarez-Sanchez, Ignacio Juarez, Fabio Suarez-Trujillo
      Pages: 1389 - 1402
      Abstract: The Antequera Slate is a striking scripted finding in the Roman “Villa de la Estacion” (Railway Station Villa) archaeological site which was in use in its Roman known period approximately between 100 years BC and 450 AD. Some of the slate incised signs were familiar to us because they were similar to the so-called pre-Iberian￾Tartessian scripted incise or picketed signs found in a Megalithic context or not in rocks and stones in Iberia, Canary Islands and Algerian Sahara.  The antiquity of these signs  may vary depending the place but some may have been done thousands of years BC. We  have put forward that these Antequera Slate signs may be pre-Iberian-Tartessian that had  remained in Iberian  autochthonous rural or aristocratic people during centuries, but a firm conclusion is premature. Otherwise, the scripts   are not done in Roman or any other  standard writing. Visigoth scripted slates were started to be performed in Central   West  Iberia when Visigoths appeared in Iberia, together with Suebi, Vandals and Alans. The  Antequera Slate incise  signs may have been originated by these new cultures, but no Visigoth tables signs have been found with similar signs  to Antequera Slate signs. Taking into account that we do not now either the language/symbols or writing of many  Visigothic slates (5th  - 8th century AD) nor the Antequera Slate, we also agree with other  scholars that this is an  important enigma which does not fit with archaeology,  anthropology and history of Iberian Peninsula and that all these  disciplines should be  revised in the context detailed in this and others work.
      PubDate: 2023-11-24
      DOI: 10.4314/ijma.v2i20.6
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 20 (2023)
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 100.26.196.222
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-
JournalTOCs
 
 

 A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

  Subjects -> ANTHROPOLOGY (Total: 398 journals)
The end of the list has been reached or no journals were found for your choice.
Similar Journals
Similar Journals
HOME > Browse the 73 Subjects covered by JournalTOCs  
SubjectTotal Journals
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 100.26.196.222
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-