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  Subjects -> ANTHROPOLOGY (Total: 398 journals)
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African Anthropologist
Number of Followers: 10  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1024-0969
Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [261 journals]
  • Editorial

    • Authors: PN Nkwi
      Abstract: No Abstract
      DOI: 10.4314/aa.v19i1-2.
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1-2
  • ‘Eating a Ripe Banana with Its Skin On’: Health Education Campaigns
           against STDs and HIV/AIDS in Mbozi District, Tanzania, 1980-2010

    • Authors: M Sadock
      First page: 1
      Abstract: This historical study assesses health education campaigns against sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS in Mbozi District, Tanzania, between 1980 and 2010. Archival and oral data collected in Mbozi from 2008 to 2010 reveal that the campaigns have not had the intended impact of preventing the spread of the diseases. This is in part because the campaigns do not take into account the prevailing socio-economic and cultural contexts. Nevertheless, there is an increase of public awareness of sexually transmitted diseases and a slight change of sexual behaviour. Thus, to improve on the current campaigns, the stakeholders who are involved in intervention campaigns against sexually transmitted diseases should take into account the socio-economic and cultural environment.
      DOI: 10.4314/aa.v19i1-2.
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1-2
  • LGBT Challenging and Reproducing Sexual Hegemonies: Stories from the
           Kenyan LGB Communities

    • Authors: AM Ocholla, RA Odhiambo, LG Galavu, I Muchki
      First page: 19
      Abstract: LGBT studies in Kenya are unpopular since they are considered ‘uncomfortable territory’. This paper covers stories of people in samesex relationships against a backdrop of homophobia in Kenya. It is based on a study which explored same-sex practices in traditional Kenyan communities, homophobia and same-sex practising individuals. The methodology involved focus group discussions with 20 elders, and face-to-face questionnaires administered in eight towns through a random sampling of 605 people. Twelve same-sex practising people were selected through purposive sampling. They gave their stories with consent, and names were changed to maintain confidentiality. Research findings revealed that homophobia was more common in older than younger individuals. Same-sex practising people and gender minorities accounted for 22 per cent of the population subjected to questionnaires. From the same-sex practising stories, ten of which are featured here, it was found that the respondents had gone through difficult phases in their lives where they struggled to find acceptance and fulfilment. They had challenged explicitly or implicitly, the sexual hegemonies within the wider society breaking away from either a heterosexual existence or finding a more balanced harmonious existence, where they could allow themselves to question and explore their sexualities, in relationships of their choice.
      DOI: 10.4314/aa.v19i1-2.
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1-2
  • Rape and Women’s Sexual Health in Nigeria: The Stark Realities of Being
           Female in a Patriarchal World

    • Authors: CO Muoghalu
      First page: 33
      Abstract: Historically, women have always been subjugated and oppressed by men in most cultures in Nigeria. This situation is due to the inequality in gender relations between men and women. Rape has always been with mankind throughout the world. However, in recent times, the incidence of rape has increased in Nigeria. The hegemonic patriarchal values and practices make it difficult for women who are raped to obtain justice. Perpetrators often go unpunished even if the victims have the courage to report the incident. The court acquits most of the rape offenders on account of the lack of evidence or because the victim has a ‘questionable’ character. Owing to this, rape victims suffer in silence due to the stigma and humiliation attached to the public acknowledgement of rape. This article examines how patriarchy interlocks with gender relations and inequality to deny justice to rape victims. The paper looks at the issues of gender and rape and their implications for the health of the victims. Feminist theory is used to explain rape, the societal reaction to it and the health outcomes for the victims. The paper concludes that many health problems suffered by women in Nigeria are as a result of rape. Public health practitioners should devise mechanisms of eliciting rape information from victims so as to effectively manage their health problems. The paper recommends the need for more practical ways of implementing laws on violence against women so that victims can obtain justice. Also, the role of women lawyers and other women’s organizations should be reassessed.
      DOI: 10.4314/aa.v19i1-2.
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1-2
  • Reproductive Health Aspirations and Unmet Needs in Urban Slums in Ibadan
           and Kaduna, Nigeria: A Qualitative Exploration

    • Authors: AI Akinyemi, JO Aransiola, L Ikuteyijo, E Omoluabi, A Fatusi
      First page: 43
      Abstract: Reproductive health issues of urban slum dwellers are among the most challenging in Africa. Studies have generally examined this issue across the rural-urban dichotomy, without specific focus on urban slum dwellers. Many of these studies are also mostly quantitative. We utilize the qualitative approach to fathom the aspirations and challenges of urban dwellers in the domain of reproductive health. The results confirm that they aspire for smaller-sized families and healthy sexual and reproductive lives but are constrained by religious and socio-cultural factors. Idioms associated with their aspiration and experiences were well documented. There is the need to intervene in order to improve the sexual health of urban dwellers.
      DOI: 10.4314/aa.v19i1-2.
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1-2
  • The Politics and Economics of Body Image and Sexuality in Africa: Thoughts
           from a Path Less Travelled

    • Authors: RA Odhiambo, AM Ocholla
      First page: 67
      Abstract: Body image is internal and external. It is seen by ourselves and by others. Social body image constructs seem to be built on what is deemed to be beautiful within our cultural contexts, which in turn is perceived as valuable and in turn has higher social standing because everyone else looks up to it. The politics of body image is often a ‘black and white’ affair, without much room for manoeuvring. You are either the strong male or the weaker female. Together with the outward appearance, the sexualities of the bodies must also complement each other. But it is a semi-artificial construct which not all people can adhere to, much less attain, though they all try. What happens then with women or men who defy these constructs of body image and sexuality – who turn them on their head? How does the society adjust to these kinds of individuals in its already defined and constructed political arena? This article seeks to expose the lived realities of persons who fail to conform to the expectations of the society, namely sexual and gender minorities.
      DOI: 10.4314/aa.v19i1-2.
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1-2
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