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  Subjects -> ANTHROPOLOGY (Total: 398 journals)
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Jurnal Komunitas
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2086-5465 - ISSN (Online) 2337-5426
Published by Universitas Negeri Semarang Homepage  [79 journals]
  • Pesantren Al-Fattah: The Struggle of An Ascetic Waria to Create a
           Religious Space for Transgender Muslims in Yogyakarta

    • Authors: Maesa Nila Sari, Moh Yasir Alimi
      First page: 129
      Abstract: The objective of this study is to describe the struggle of a Muslim transgender ascetic in claiming religious space for transgender in urban Indonesia by creating a pesantren (Islamic school). The study was conducted in Al-Fattah Pondok Pesantren, the only Islamic school for transgender in Indonesia. Al-Fattah is created by Bu Maryani, a transgender ascetic, who contributed her money, thought, energy and prayers for this school, to provide spiritual sanctuary for transvestites, despites her worsening economy and health. While many transvestites look for alternative religion, the experience of Al-Fattah reveal that transgender Muslims may find their religious sanctuary within traditional Islamic practices, not outside the traditional institutions. Al-Fattah transgender Islamic school reveal the power of lived religion, pesantren, and traditional forms of religious rituals to validate Queer spiritual practices. I argue that the use of the traditional forms of religious rituals enable the Muslim transgender to overcome the dilemma of fluidity-and-fixity in queer religious practices.Keywords: Islam; transgender; Islamic school; queer.
      PubDate: 2022-08-16
      DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v14i2.37900
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Significance of the Caste System of Balinese in the Modern Era: A
           Discourse of Cultural Communication

    • Authors: Lambok Hermanto Sihombing
      First page: 146
      Abstract: Bali is an island and a province with a beautiful culture. Most Balinese are Hinduism. Like in any other country, Balinese Hinduism also adopts the caste system. The caste system in Hinduism means that people are classified based on their social status. Balinese people live in a complex caste system relationship that has continued to exist since the days of the kingdom in Indonesia. This research aims to know the perception of the Balinese local people against the caste system in the modern era. The method used in this research is by interviewing one local Balinese person from each caste who might be related and an expert from each caste to get the results of the research question. By using the perspective of Arjun Appadurai, the answer to the significance caste system for Balinese in the modern era is expected to be found. This research finds that the caste system is no longer a determinant of success in the modern era. However, the caste system still affects the way of communication among the people of Bali, and the imprints can still be found in the daily life of the locals.
      PubDate: 2022-08-16
      DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v14i2.35985
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2022)
  • New Age of Indonesian Local Tourism Development: Community Bonding, Youth
           Work, and Selling Tourism

    • Authors: Pajar Hatma Indra Jaya, Ahmad Izudin, Rahadiyand Aditya
      First page: 157
      Abstract: This article explores why and how youth can build community bonds in the new era of rural development in Indonesia that produces local works in the form of tourist sales products. This article uses qualitative methods through a case study approach. Data is collected into three methods, namely unstructured interview, documentation, and observation process. Starting from individual unrest into community bonds that produce youth solidity, the village succeeded in developing tourist destinations in special economic areas based on tourism. When tourism development programs become the country's priority, youth through the provision of village tour packages can create new jobs and increase rural economic productivity. The community ties and administration in the village's growing, resulting from the ruralization process, are contextualized in the macro-political structure of the new age of Indonesian rural development, in fact, able to develop youth-based economic resilience. As empirical research to understand the development of new rural tourism, this study suggests a relational view of the ever-changing mechanisms of community bonding in the modern world. The case of Balkondes Wringin Putih is presented. It discusses the implications for grassroots economic governance, youth collective negotiations, and tourism sector hospitality reform in Indonesia.
      PubDate: 2022-08-16
      DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v14i2.35915
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Domain of Knowledge and Kampong Batik Laweyan at Surakarta City of

    • Authors: Agustian Budi Prasetya
      First page: 172
      Abstract: Kampong Batik  Laweyan (KBL)   is one of the community  heritage  in  Surakarta City of  Indonesia.  The KBL presents historical site of Indonesia independent movement, batik home industries, and resources for tourist attractions such as kampong festivals, shopping arcade arrangements, and   art-deco homes’ architecture.  The objective of this paper is analyzing knowledge domain of merchant community at Kampong Batik Laweyan (KBL), based on Wenger’s CoP theory.  The method of research is qualitative.  Data are collected through interview, observation and analyzed descriptively using analytical approach. It is found that the KBL knowledge domain, for the heritage destination, is based on the merchant batik spirit and the history of   kampong.   The knowledge domain provides shared context for member of merchant community at KBL to enhance the   heritage tourist destination for community welfare of Surakarta. We recommend that the KBL might nurture its domain of knowledge, to help the community takes into parts of tourism destination at   Surakarta City.  
      PubDate: 2022-08-16
      DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v14i2.36905
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2022)
  • Adaptation and Validation of The Work-Family Balance Scale

    • Authors: Agustin Rahmawati, Suryanto Suryanto, Nurul Hartini
      First page: 184
      Abstract: The need for the availability of work-family balance measuring instruments in the Indonesian context is becoming an increasingly urgent thing, along with the increasing interest in research on the field of work and family. This study aims to test adapting and validating the Work-Family Balance Scale developed by Carlson, et al., (2009) into the Indonesian context. The trial was conducted on 104 women who worked as policewomen. A series of adaptation processes have been carried out, ranging from translation, equivalence testing, validation, and reliability testing. Validity of content was tested through the Content Validity Index (CVI) by involving several expert reviewers, and the validity of constructs, using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). Based on this trial process, it is known that the WFB construct meets all Goodness of Fit criteria (RMSEA ≤ 0.08; SRMR ≤ 0.05; NF ≥ 0.9; CFI ≥ 0.9). In addition, Construct Reliability (CR) values > 0.87 and Average Variance Extracted (AVE) > 0.53. Thus, the WFB Scale can be used as a valid and reliable measuring tool to measure work-family balance in the Indonesian context.Keywords: adaptation; validation; work-family balance; scale
      PubDate: 2022-08-16
      DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v14i2.35794
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2022)
  • Farmers’ Rationality and Skill Preparedness to Answer the Challenges of
           Industrial Revolution 4.0 towards Society 5.0

    • Authors: Mirajiani Mirajiani
      First page: 193
      Abstract: Industrial revolution 4.0 towards society 5.0 in the agricultural sector creates complex challenges that demand preparedness of farmer human resources that possess certain rationalities compatible to current development and skill preparedness with various cultural adaptation efforts. The study aims to explore the farmers’ rationality and skill preparedness to answer the challenges of industrial revolution 4.0 towards society 5.0 in the transition farmer type located in an area experiencing social, economic, and cultural development. The study aims to explore the agricultural progress stage development achieved, to what extent the occurred social-economic transformation, and the farmers’ rationality and skill preparedness in answering the challenges of changes. The qualitative research method is used with a study case research strategy. The results indicate that, in the research location, the application of agriculture 4.0 is still in the preparation stage. Socio-economic-cultural changes foster agripreneurship system amongst farmers and become an initial capital to answer challenges of the agricultural 4.0. Commercialization and modernization of agriculture brought by social changes and development have shifted the farmers’ rationality map from value rationality to means-end rationality following several development stages passed. IFarmers’ creativity is still limited due to the lack of competitiveness and knowledge capacity with productivity-improvement orientation, but not yet efficiency-based. The farmers are relatively adaptive and flexible with the existing changes.
      PubDate: 2022-08-16
      DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v14i2.35801
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2022)
  • Sociology of Space: The Elderly Activity Room Before and During the
           Covid-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: wijayanti wijayanti, ria ripardi wahyu lestari
      First page: 207
      Abstract: The current pandemic has an impact on all lines of life, especially on elderly people with vulnerable or declining health status. To prevent the spread of the Covid 19 virus, the Government in Indonesia has issued a policy of social distancing and physical distancing by limiting activities outside the home. The period of the implementation of social and physical distancing causes discomfort for everyone, especially among the elderly. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, the elderly were active in activities inside and outside their homes to fill their spare time in their old age, but during social restrictions and physical distancing, they were forced to stay in their homes for an indefinite time. Through qualitative methods, this research explores the activity space of elderly women who are still active in daily activities both at home and in their neighborhood before the pandemic and during the pandemic where government policies limit/influence the activities of the elderly. The results showed that there was a decrease in the scale of the activity space during the pandemic, namely from the environmental space scale to the residential space scale. It is hoped that these findings can be used in forming strategies for developing/planning a multifunctional elderly activity room (which can be used during normal times or a pandemic). Keywords: activity room; elderly; Covid-19 pandemic
      PubDate: 2022-08-16
      DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v14i2.37883
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2022)
  • Kampung Hijau: Bonding and Bridging Social Capital in Developing
           Sustainable Local Tourism

    • Authors: Mutiani Mutiani, Nana Supriatna, Ersis Warmansyah Abbas, Erlina Wiyanarti, Jumriani Jumriani
      First page: 218
      Abstract: Social capital can strengthen social potential in developing various aspects, including local tourism. Regarding the development of local tourism, social capital is described through 2 dimensions: bonds, and bridges (association). Bonding social capital is understood as close kinship capital (family environment to peers). Bridging social capital (association) is described as the capital of relatively distant kinship (coworkers and colleagues). This article describes the relationship between social capital, bonds, and bridges related to local tourism development. The research was conducted in Kampung Hijau Banjarmasin. The results show that the social capital of bonds and bridges, rooted in religious values and inherited through family parenting, play important roles in nurturing caring personality towards environment. As a result, residential areas along river banks that were formerly slums become organized and heallty spaces
      PubDate: 2022-08-16
      DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v14i2.31166
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2022)
  • Desa Pancasila: The Implementation of Gotong Royong Values as Social
           Capital in Indonesia

    • Authors: Sumarmi Sumarmi, Sri Untari, Nanda Harda Pratama Meiji
      Pages: 225 - 238
      Abstract: Desa Pancasila is one the models to mainstream Pancasila as the national value of Indonesia. The research aimed to describe and analyze Desa Pancasila as a strategy to implement Pancasila at village level. The research design used a qualitative descriptive and literature review. Data were collected through observation, interviews, documentation, and literature review. The results showed that the community’s potential with the diversity of natural resources, human resources and cultural resources could support the implementation of Pancasila national values. Local actors (local government, community leaders, and youth groups) have a significant role in implementing national values. The collaboration of local actors is in-depth dialogue, sharing vision, building trust, building commitment, and sharing knowledge. The obstacles occurred because of the globalization process and the lack of community participation. We argue that three possible solutions to overcome these problems: (1) to put the community leaders as facilitators to implement the national values; (2) to build awareness of the communities about the nation and state through joint movements to build national insight; and (3) to make a regular interactive dialogue between local leaders and the community related to the implementation of national values.
      PubDate: 2022-09-28
      DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v14i2.27789
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2022)
  • Communication Challenges and Needs in the Multilingual Workplace: The Case
           of Security Officers in Jababeka Area Indonesia

    • Authors: Ani Pujiastuti, Yogi Saputra Mahmud, Haris Herdiansyah
      Pages: 239 - 253
      Abstract: Modern-time workplaces have become increasingly international and multilingual due to the presence of workers from different ethnicities, languages, and cultural backgrounds.  Due to the lack of training programs that are mainly focused on developing communication skills, security officers have faced challenges in communicating with clients, especially those who work in multilingual workplaces. This research aims to investigate the challenges of the workers in communicating in a multilingual workplace and exploring the perceived needs of the workers. This research was conducted in Jababeka Area Industries Jakarta. The research found various challenges and needs faced by the security officers including challenges with their occupational standing, limited training, inadequate workplace support system, and limited access and resources for learning. The security officers realize that the ultimate goal of communication in foreign language in the workplace is not merely shown by correctness and perfection, but how messages are transferred and how instructions are understood. 
      PubDate: 2022-09-28
      DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v14i2.34840
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2022)
  • Eco-humanist Tourism Perspective Towards Sustainability: The Case of Dusun
           Semilir, Indonesia

    • Authors: Suzanna Ratih Sari, Muhammad Fariz Hilmy, Nindita Kresna Murti
      Pages: 254 - 246
      Abstract: A tourist destination designed through the concept of eco-park, Dusun Semilir is  one of the environmentally friendly tourist destinations in Semarang. However, the design implementation does not consider the humanist aspects, especially for tourists with limitations (parents and children), who are unable to access. This study aims to provide perspective on a tourist destination that uses the concept of ecotourism as well as combines with humanist architecture, to ensure that environmental relationship with humans remains in synergy. A qualitative method was used to explore phenomena and problems that occur in study objects to produce ecological and universal design concepts. The humanist concept needs to be borrowed to complement the ecotourism concept for the architects and related stakeholders to plan a tourist destination from two perspectives of the concept. We argue that the eco-humanist tourism perspective provides an understanding that a tourist destination is successful when the fulfillment of human needs is met without harming the environment, social, culture, economy of the tourist destination. 

      PubDate: 2022-09-28
      DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v14i2.35776
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2022)
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