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  Subjects -> ANTHROPOLOGY (Total: 398 journals)
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Tipití : Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1545-4703
Published by Trinity University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Life in Oil: Cofán Survival in the Petroleum Fields of Amazonia by
           Michael Cepek

    • Authors: Gabriela Valdivia
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 14:17:17 PDT
  • The Kararaô of Central Brazil by Gustaaf Verswijver

    • Authors: John Hemming
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 14:17:06 PDT
  • Club-Fighters of the Amazon: Warfare among the Kayapó Indians of Central
           Brazil by Gustaaf Verswijver

    • Authors: Laura Zanotti
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 14:16:55 PDT
  • Upriver: The Turbulent Life and Times of an Amazonian People by Michael F.

    • Authors: Robert Wasserstrom
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 14:16:44 PDT
  • A Walk to the River in Amazonia: Ordinary Reality for the Mehinaku Indians
           by Carla Stang

    • Authors: Elizabeth Rahman
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 14:16:33 PDT
  • Birds of Passage (Pájaros de verano) by Directors Cristina Gallego
           and Ciro Guerra

    • Authors: Kendra McSweeney
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 14:16:21 PDT
  • Metaphoric Recursiveness and Ternary Ontology: Another Look at the
           Language and Worldview of the Yaminahua

    • Authors: Carlos A. Segovia
      Abstract: My purpose in this paper is, first, to explore metaphorical recursiveness in Yaminahua, i.e. the latter’s folding of the common binary structure: {(x) things + (y) words} into the threefold scheme: (A) things + (B) external analogies + (C) internal metaphors, as displaying a multi-iconic semiotic system of the type: A ≈ [B] ≈ C, which is finally reduced to a twofold indexical system: A ← [B], contra Graham Townsley’s dismissal of semiotic theory as being of no relevance in contrast to cognitive construction. And, secondly, to show that within the traditional Yaminahua worldview "animism," "totemism," and "analogism," which Philippe Descola has famously described as alternative ontologies, not only coexist but also structurally intertwined in a complex ternary system supportive, on the one hand, of the basal binary logic characteristic of most Amazonian ontologies, and correlative, on the other hand, to the fourfold intersecting structure that has traditionally made possible the integration of all the Yaminahua people into the four dimensions of space, time, society, and the cosmos.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 14:16:09 PDT
  • Variations on Hunting and Care: Ownership, Kinship and Other Interspecific
           Relationships in the Eastern Amazon

    • Authors: Uirá Garcia
      Abstract: This article is based on fieldwork among the Guajá people, a small indigenous group of Tupí-Guaraní speakers inhabiting the eastern portion of Brazil’s Amazon region. Aiming for an ethnographic definition of kinship, this article engages in issues related to the figure of the “owner/masterin the Amazon, proposing a dialogue with a seldom discussed aspect of this subject—namely, its relation to conjugality. I argue that relationships included in the universe of “familiarity” and “mastery” are not only coextensive with the field of kinship; they also reveal a very particular conception of humanity. The process of Awá-Guajá kinship, where the spouse is transformed through a very particular system of actions, can only be understood if we move beyond the issue of Amazonian affinity and articulate it with certain aspects of the familiarity and mastery theme. This article is an attempt to think inclusively about kinship, the mastery/ownershiptheme, and some ecological questions, in an ethnographic way.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 14:15:55 PDT
  • The Villas Boas Brothers and Anthropologists

    • Authors: John Hemming
      Abstract: This paper describes the history of the Villas Boas brothers of Brazil and their role in establishing and administering the 26,000-square-kilometer Xingu Indigenous Park in the Amazonian state of Mato Grosso. Many anthropologists came to work in the Park during the Villas Boas brothers’ decades-long residence there. The paper details some of the unique features of the Park that shaped fieldwork conditions and describes the relations between anthropologists and the brothers. Despite some skeptics, the great majority of anthropologists expressed a positive assessment of the brothers’ work. The article includes an appendix listing the anthropologists who worked in the Park and the dates of their research.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 14:15:44 PDT
  • Mismatches: Museums, Anthropology and Amazonia

    • Authors: Anne-Christine Taylor
      Abstract: Over the past decades, museums, particularly the large Euro-American ethnographic ones, have had trouble developing adequate presentations of Amazonian cultural productions. To some extent, this failure can be seen as a side effect of a more general trend—namely, the widening rift between museums and the discipline of anthropology. However, I will argue that the mismatch between the museum context and Amazonian indigenous peoples and cultures also draws on the former’s difficulty in understanding and adhering to the idea of museums, as opposed to other Western technologies of visualization and transmission. The aim of this conference, drawing both on my experience as an Amazonianist anthropologist and on my involvement with the national French ethnographic museum, the Musée du Quai Branly (MQB) in Paris, is to illustrate these overlapping mismatches, to explore the reasons behind them, and finally to offer some thoughts on how museums could turn these misunderstandings to a productive use.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 14:15:33 PDT
  • Visualizing a Post-Apocalypse: Notes on New Ayoreo Cinema

    • Authors: Lucas Bessire et al.
      Abstract: This essay describes one recent Ayoreo film and its production in order to reflect on the wider significance of lowland South American Indigenous cinema and analyses of it today. Informed by the authors’ roles in the collaborative editing of the film Ujirei, the article details how one Ayoreo filmmaker cinematically visualizes a unique aesthetic response to the aftermath of pandemic upheavals and world-ending violence – a response that pointedly exceeds any prescriptive or structuralist approach to lowland Indigenous cinema. In order to better grasp the subjective, conceptual and political implications of this project, the essay aims to craft an analytic genre capable of approximating a cinematic aesthetics that envisions rupture and regeneration as mutually constitutive modes of survival in the face of dehumanizing colonial violence. It foregrounds the editing process as one ethnographic site for illuminating the decolonizing praxis of lowland Indigenous filmmaking. In doing so, the essay crafts a larger argument about the ways certain Indigenous cinematic forms, as process and product, may usefully orient the poetics and politics of anthropological attunements to the defining crises of the contemporary.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 14:15:18 PDT
  • Desire and the Work it Does: Alterity and Exogamy in a Kotiria Origin Myth
           from the Northwest Amazon of Brazil

    • Authors: Janet M. Chernela
      Abstract: In terms of the pan-Amazonian social paradigm that transforms affines into kin and assimilates them into the consanguineal unit, Eastern Tukanoans must be regarded as exceptional. This paper explores a foundation myth that allows us to better understand relations of self and Other, incest and exogamy, and violence and amity among the Eastern Tukanoan-speaking Kotiria. The narrative provides a heretofore-absent foundation for Tukanoan affinity, revealing complications and nuance in Kotiria notions of alterity and the generative role of Desire in its transformation. It is a synthesis not from nature, but from poesis; not from trust, but from theft; not from consensual amity, but from violence.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 14:15:06 PDT
  • Gender in the Making: A Pragmatic Approach to Transgender Experiences in
           Lowland Tropical America

    • Authors: Magda Helena Dziubinska et al.
      Abstract: Based on long-term fieldwork experiences among both the Guna in Panama and the Kakataibo in Peruvian Amazonia, this article proposes to examine the transgender phenomenon in indigenous America. Making use of the notions of performance and status, we argue that (trans)gender should be understood via two complementary dimensions: at the same time that it is manifested in a set of expressive practices, it is also inscribed in a specific system of social organization. Adopting a pragmatic approach that emphasizes the relational, aesthetic and performative dimensions of gender, the article analyses the ways through which two Amerindian peoples negotiate and inhabit gender rules. This relational approach enables the exploration of gender experiences beyond the notions of female and male, and above all in line with local theories of the body and person.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jul 2020 09:54:54 PDT
  • Christianity + Schooling on Nature versus Culture in Amazonia

    • Authors: Aparecida M. N. Vilaça
      Abstract: Based on the analysis of Evangelical Biblical translations, as well as on the school writing of Wari' (Southwestern Amazonia) students, produced in indigenous secondary school classrooms and at the intercultural university, this article aims to show how, in both church and school, a nature separate from humans is invented with which they should relate in a utilitarian and also contemplative way. Simultaneously nature’s opposite is invented–a culture that excludes animals and subjects them.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jul 2020 09:54:46 PDT
  • Singularity on the Margins: Autobiographical Writings among the Shuar of
           Ecuadorian Amazonia

    • Authors: Grégory Deshoulliere et al.
      Abstract: Inspired by Stephen Hugh-Jones’s suggestion of a fit between Tukanoan writing genres and their sociocultural systems, in this article we explore Shuar autobiographical writings in light of Chicham (Jivaroan) individualism. By exploring first-person—nonpatrimonial—texts that have received much less attention in the regional literature, the article contributes to theorizing a different way of transmitting tradition:one focused on individual praxis rather than on collective patrimony. Through the analysis of three autobiographical texts, we show how their authors appropriate writing to construct singularity, or distinct “paths of individuation”: the personal story of resistance of a school teacher, the exemplary life course of a visionary leader, and the claim to sainthood of an exceptional shaman.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jul 2020 09:36:48 PDT
  • The Shuar Writing Boom: Cultural Experts and the Creation of a
           "Scholarly Tradition"

    • Authors: Natalia Buitron et al.
      Abstract: In dialogue with Stephen Hugh-Jones’s work on Tukanoan writing, this article analyzes the boom in patrimonial writing among Chicham (Jivaroan)-speaking Shuar people. Patrimonial writing foregrounds collective identity and understandings of culture as group property common to the Tukanoan speakers of the Upper Rio Negro but foreign to the pre-missionized Shuar. We argue that the Shuar interest in patrimonial writing can be explained through the history of missionization and the recent shift to intercultural exchange within the plurinational project of state-building spearheaded by the indigenous movement. By analyzing the wider context of knowledge production and the forms of knowledge Shuar scholars mobilize to represent culture in the collective mode, we demonstrate how, for the first time in Shuar society, a group of specialists can make a profession out of reproducing heterogeneous forms of knowledge as unitary, uniformly shared collective patrimony. The comparison between the Shuar and Tukanoan appropriation of writing reveals important differences in the way Lowland Amerindians understand patrimony and the centrality of schooling in shaping a new “scholarly tradition.”
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jul 2020 09:36:37 PDT
  • Maloca-Escola: Transformations of the Tukanoan House

    • Authors: Melissa S. Oliveira
      Abstract: This paper aims to demonstrate how, by combining the foundation of an indigenous school with the construction of a longhouse (maloca), the Tukano indigenous association of the Hausirõ and Ñahuri Porã clans, Middle Tiquié river, produces social relations proper to Tukanoan House societies as described by Hugh-Jones (1991, 1993). Through "indigenous research" and the celebrations that mark the school calendar, internal subdivisions of clan, hierarchy, age and gender are marked in space, while, at the same time, this new space allows for interdependence and articulation with other indigenous groups and outsiders (especially NGO professionals, scientists and politicians). In a previous historical moment (1940-1980) when the Salesian missionaries destroyed Tukano longhouses (basariwii, houses of dance) and took children away to boarding school (bueriwii, house of study), a conceptual distinction was opened between the system of knowledge proper to the maloca (masῖse, knowledge) and the system of knowledge proper to the school (buese, study). The constitution of a maloca-escola is an experiment in blending these two conceptual universes that is partially effective in the production and circulation of both Tukano and exogenous knowledge.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jul 2020 09:36:27 PDT
  • Patrimony, Publishing, and Politics: Books as Ritual Objects in Northwest

    • Authors: Stephen P. Hugh-Jones
      Abstract: With particular reference to works by Tukano and Desana authors, this paper examines some of the cultural and historical factors that underlie the unique propensity of indigenous peoples of Northwest Amazonia to publish their narrative histories in books. Jointly written by a knowledgeable elder and a younger literate amanuensis, each book in Coleção Narradores Indígenas do Alto Rio Negro series contains the origin narratives, myths, and recent history of a particular group, told from the point of view of one of its clans. Writing down and thus rescuing oral traditions under threat from the pressures of education, urbanization and other factors makes good sense in the context of a contemporary Brazilian world favoring claims to autonomy and separate identity. However, the paper argues that these books are also transformations of ritual objects that amount to ancestral relics. The Tukanoans’ interest in books as objects also makes sense in relation to much older religious practices and political strategies with features of the Tukanoans' patrilineal organisation implying a cultural predisposition to reify their culture that predates contact with outsiders. If there is an elective affinity between aspects of traditional Tukanoan culture and their liking for books, so too does the Kayapó's emphasis on the aesthetic effects of their political rituals fit neatly with their enthusiasm for VCRs and camcorders.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jul 2020 09:36:17 PDT
  • Good Reasons or Bad Conscience: A Postscript

    • Authors: Stephen P. Hugh-Jones
      Abstract: Published in French in 1996, the original article for which this comprises a post-script set indigenous Amazonians’ attitudes to meat alongside those of Euro-Americans. With the accelerating deforestation of Amazonia linked with the cultivation of soya used to feed animals for meat, and with calls to reduce or abandon meat consumption as one way of averting catastrophic climate change, it is topical once again. In this postscript, I reply to two contrasting critiques of the article, the first wary of an excess of ontology, the second distrustful of a deficit of it. Does a focus on ritual and shamanism obscure the wanton mistreatment and wholesale slaughter of animals in everyday Amerindian hunting practices' Does an appeal to sentiment ("bad conscience"), as a common dimension in indigenous and Euro-American attitudes to animals, risk obscuring important differences between the ontologies of the peoples concerned' Responding to these critiques, I defend the approach taken in the article and clarify my original, incautious use of the phrase "bad conscience."
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jul 2020 09:36:07 PDT
  • Good Reasons or Bad Conscience' Or Why Some Indian Peoples of Amazonia
           Are Ambivalent about Eating Meat

    • Authors: Stephen P. Hugh-Jones
      Abstract: Originally written for a conference on meat attended by farmers, anthropologists, people involved in cultural affairs, and other members of the public, and seeking to avoid emphasis on cultural difference, this paper explores common ground between Euro-American and Amerindian ambivalence about meat consumption. Meat-eating raises two shared concerns: an intuitive recognition of the resemblances between humans and animals and an uncomfortable awareness that human life often depends on the death and destruction of other living beings. I suggest that, behind some obvious cultural differences, Amazonian shamanic and ritual procedures aimed at the de-subjectification of meat share points in common with various Euro-American procedures that seek to disguise or render invisible the harsher realities of meat eating.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jul 2020 09:35:56 PDT
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