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Memory Studies
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.37
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 38  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1750-6980 - ISSN (Online) 1750-6999
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1175 journals]
  • New constellations of mnemonic wars: An introduction

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      Authors: Magdalena Saryusz-Wolska, Joanna Wawrzyniak, Zofia Wóycicka
      Pages: 1275 - 1288
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1275-1288, December 2022.
      This special issue titled Mnemonic Wars: New Constellations has two objectives. First, it maps some of the current memory conflicts in different parts of the world, focusing on their topics and novel political, cultural and social constellations. Second, the issue problematizes how the different currents of revitalized national politics and globalization processes influence and sometimes even trigger memory wars. Who are the contemporary memory agents fostering confrontational memory politics' What tools, media and practices do they use to promote their interpretations of the past' How are these memory wars being played out internationally' In what ways do global developments, such as the spread of social media, the emergence of transnational memory politics or the establishment of transnational networks of memory activists, influence today’s memory conflicts' Finally, how do these discursive struggles translate into real-life conflicts' In their introductory article, the guest editors discern between the older and more recent approaches to research on memory conflicts and set the conceptual agenda for the entire issue.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:04:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221133733
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Russian war of aggression in Ukraine: Challenges for memory studies. An
           Editorial

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      Authors: Magdalena Saryusz-Wolska, Joanna Wawrzyniak, Zofia Wóycicka
      Pages: 1289 - 1290
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1289-1290, December 2022.

      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:04:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221134908
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Memory wars in postimperial settings: The challenges of transnationalism
           and the risks of new totalizing mnemonics

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      Authors: Nelly Bekus
      Pages: 1291 - 1294
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1291-1294, December 2022.

      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:04:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221134037
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Challenges of antagonistic memory: Scholars versus politics and war

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      Authors: Georgiy Kasianov
      Pages: 1295 - 1298
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1295-1298, December 2022.
      The essay reflects the impact of Russia’s war against Ukraine on memory studies. The politics of remembrance has become an integral part of the war, and scholars find themselves in a situation where they have to choose: to go to the front of the battle of remembrance or to try to continue their research in a purely academic way. This choice is somewhat speculative since, in one way or another, they are involved either in justifying the war or in resisting the aggressor. However, the war has only sharpened existing problems of the relationship between science and politics: the utilitarian and irresponsible use of collective memory by politicians, the mimicry of propaganda as scientific knowledge, the intensification of antagonistic memory politics, and the pressure of politicians, and the state on scholars.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:05:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221133517
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Memory wars beyond the metaphor: Reflections on Russia’s mnemonic
           propaganda

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      Authors: Boris Noordenbos
      Pages: 1299 - 1302
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1299-1302, December 2022.

      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:04:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221134676
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Memory, propaganda and the complex traumatic structure of the war on
           Ukraine

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      Authors: Mikhal Dekel
      Pages: 1303 - 1306
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1303-1306, December 2022.

      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:05:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221133510
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Divided memory, postcolonialism and trauma in the South Caucasus

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      Authors: Bartłomiej Krzysztan
      Pages: 1307 - 1311
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1307-1311, December 2022.

      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:04:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221135148
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • E.E. in 2022: Young, angry, and female'

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      Authors: Roma Sendyka
      Pages: 1312 - 1315
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1312-1315, December 2022.

      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:04:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221134505
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Lived multidirectionality: “Historikerstreit 2.0” and the
           politics of Holocaust memory

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      Authors: Michael Rothberg
      Pages: 1316 - 1329
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1316-1329, December 2022.
      This essay assesses the acrimonious debates about Holocaust memory that took place in Germany in 2020–2021 and that have come to be known as Historikerstreit 2.0. These debates call up older controversies, especially the 1986 Historikerstreit (Historians’ Debate) in which Jürgen Habermas took on conservative historians who sought to relativize the Nazi genocide. The Historikerstreit concerned the relation between Nazi and Stalinist crimes and the question of German responsibility for the Holocaust; today’s controversies involve instead the relation between colonialism and the Holocaust and racism and antisemitism as well as the ongoing crisis in Israel/Palestine. As the current debates reveal, the dominant Holocaust memory regime in Germany is based on an absolutist understanding of the Holocaust’s uniqueness and a rejection of multidirectional approaches to the genocide. While that memory regime represented a major societal accomplishment of the 1980s and 1990s, it has reached its limits in Germany’s “postmigrant” present. Yet, as an example of migrant engagement with the Holocaust illustrates, German society already includes alternative practices of memory that could transform the German model of coming to terms with the past in productive ways.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:05:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221133511
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Memory, counter-memory and denialism: How search engines circulate
           information about the Holodomor-related memory wars

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      Authors: Mykola Makhortykh, Aleksandra Urman, Roberto Ulloa
      Pages: 1330 - 1345
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1330-1345, December 2022.
      Search engines, such as Google or Yandex, shape social reality by informing their users about current and historical phenomena. However, there is little research on how search engines deal with contested memories, which are subjected to ontological conflicts known as memory wars. In this article, we investigate how search engines circulate information about memory wars related to the Holodomor, a mass famine caused by Soviet repressive politics in Ukraine in 1932–1933. For this aim, we conduct an agent-based audit of four search engines—Bing, DuckDuckGo, Google, and Yandex—and examine how their top search results represent the Holodomor and related memory wars. Our findings demonstrate that search engines prioritize interpretations of the Holodomor aligning with specific sides in the memory wars, thus becoming memory warriors themselves.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:05:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221133732
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • The counter-boomerang effect of transnational revisionist activism on the
           memory of ‘comfort women’

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      Authors: Sachiyo Tsukamoto
      Pages: 1346 - 1359
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1346-1359, December 2022.
      This article focuses on the mechanism of the global memory politics revolving around the issue of ‘comfort women’, who were sexually exploited and abused by the Japanese military during the Asia-Pacific War (1931–1945). Informed by the ‘boomerang effect’ of transnational advocacy networks, this article analyses how the counter-boomerang effect of transnational denialist networks, both from above and below, has challenged the concerted efforts of moral memory activists in solidarity to disseminate the issue of ‘comfort women’ as one of universal human rights. It concludes that the revisionist network has adopted four tactics similar to those exercised by transnational advocacy networks – ‘information politics’ ‘symbolic politics’, ‘leverage politics’ and ‘accountability politics’ – however, their manoeuvres are totally different from those in the original boomerang effect.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:04:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221134907
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Far-right anniversary politics and social media: The Alternative for
           Germany’s contestation of the East German past on Twitter

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      Authors: Ned Richardson-Little, Samuel Merrill, Leah Arlaud
      Pages: 1360 - 1377
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1360-1377, December 2022.
      This article examines how the German radical-right populist party the Alternative for Germany (Alternative für Deutschland) and its politicians have engaged with the public memory of the East German past via Twitter and how this has impacted the use of social media as a tool of political commemoration in Germany. The article analyses the mnemonic wars over ‘anniversary tweets’ related to four events: the East German Uprising (1953); the construction (1961) and fall (1989) of the Berlin Wall; and German reunification (1990). The article surveys when and how Twitter became a platform for these events’ political commemoration and the role of the Alternative für Deutschland therein. It also outlines the mnemonic discourses that the Alternative für Deutschland has deployed on Twitter around these events’ anniversaries and explores the sorts of digital contestation and transnationalization evident at these times.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:04:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221133518
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Race, memory and implication in Tulsa’s Greenwood Rising

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      Authors: Amy Sodaro
      Pages: 1378 - 1392
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1378-1392, December 2022.
      This article analyses the new Greenwood Rising museum in Tulsa, Oklahoma, which tells the largely forgotten story of the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre. Greenwood Rising is influenced by the broader global proliferation of memorial museums created to confront historical violence vis-à-vis today’s ‘politics of regret’ and works to centre slavery and racial inequality in American history as well as in contemporary society, representing a new intervention in the mnemonic struggles over slavery and its legacies in the United States. In its adherence to global memorial ethics, Greenwood Rising also places (White) visitors in the position of what Michael Rothberg has theorized as the ‘implicated subject’. However, Greenwood Rising has been highly controversial among Tulsa’s African American community, many of whom see the museum as a ‘symbolic gesture’ intended to obscure ongoing racism and replace material reparations. This controversy raises questions about the limits of memory in the face of ongoing injustice and highlights tensions between increasingly globalized ethics of remembrance and local mnemonic struggles.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:04:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221134677
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Mnemonic land war: Memory constellations through Lebanon and South Africa

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      Authors: Miranda Meyer, Stefan Norgaard
      Pages: 1393 - 1405
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1393-1405, December 2022.
      Although Lebanon and South Africa are often treated as exceptional cases, the use of geographic analogies like ‘bantustans’ and ‘Lebanonization’ signals their relevance to many other places. These analogies point to the recognition of a spatial mode of mnemonic war in which struggles over the past are also struggles over land. Such analogies signal recognition but also require forgetting: as narrative chronotopes, they are limiting. To look beyond these limits, we name this shared condition ‘mnemonic land war’ and trace its workings through territorialization, property regimes and planning in South Africa and Lebanon. Understanding these processes as memory-work allows us to see what the places analogized to Lebanon and South Africa share in their mnemonic land wars, and link them into a transnational memory constellation. Understanding this constellation can guide a comparative understanding of mnemonic war ‘on the ground’.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:05:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221133516
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Mnemonic wars and parallel polis: The anti-politics of memory in Central
           and Southeast Europe: Kosovar women and Black/Roma Lives Matter

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      Authors: Adam F Kola, Agata Domachowska, Łukasz Gemziak, Francesco Trupia
      Pages: 1406 - 1419
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1406-1419, December 2022.
      The essay argues that anti-politics, a category borrowed from the anti-communist movement in the Eastern Bloc, can inspire memory studies. We focus on one of the chosen categories – the parallel polis (with some forays into the matter of the nonviolence movement). We discuss this universal category through the particular lens of Central and Southeast Europe with two examples: (1) women’s memories of war and violence in Kosovo with a specific focus on the Heroinat monument in Pristina and (2) the Black Lives Matter movement in Czechia that can be used to highlight the racially and ethnically motivated activities of the police, as well as oblivion of the Holocaust of the Roma community in mainstream discourse. It all leads to the identification of parallel orders of memory produced by marginalized groups, as well as the development of anti-politics of memory in opposition to the official, state-driven politics of memory.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:04:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221134936
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Notes towards a historical, critical theory of memory constellations:
           Postcolonial nationalist memory in Michael Anthony’s King of the
           Masquerade

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      Authors: Jarula MI Wegner
      Pages: 1420 - 1433
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1420-1433, December 2022.
      The historical and critical theory of memory constellations addresses two challenges in cultural memory studies: the detachment of memories from socio-historical contexts and the risk of critical concepts becoming dogmatic. Instead of imposing a memory concept top-down, memory constellations analyse cultural memories from the bottom-up by triangulating these with their historical precedents and the social conditions that enable the memories to emerge. The tensions, conflicts and contradictions between memory, genealogy and social conditions enable a fundamentally historical critique. The description of the steelpan in Michael Anthony’s novella King of the Masquerade and wider societal as well as transnational dynamics reveals a memory war that can be described as a memory constellation of postcolonial nationalist remembrance.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:05:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221133515
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Explosive aftermaths: Reassembling transnational memory- and policyscapes
           of victims and terrorism in the United Kingdom

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      Authors: Sara Dybris McQuaid
      Pages: 1434 - 1448
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1434-1448, December 2022.
      This article discusses how multilevel ‘policyscapes’ and complex temporalities of ‘memoryscapes’ are assembled to reshape the categories and dynamics of terrorism and victimhood in the context of the United Kingdom. It specifically examines a case where unionist politicians from Northern Ireland are seeking to realign memory – and policyscapes through integrating diverging transnational policy narratives on victims and terrorism in debates on the Libyan Asset Freeze Bill in the UK Houses of Parliament. It is argued that these particular parliamentary interventions work to transcend the parameters of a peace process which otherwise prevent unionists from asserting a particular interpretation of conflict in Northern Ireland. Repositioning Northern Ireland in relation to the contemporary ‘War on Terror’ allows them to reassemble a bounded British mnemonic community. Theoretically, the article sets out a framework for an empirical study of memory – and policyscapes that conceptualizes dimensions of transnationalism as both intra-state and interstate dynamics.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:04:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221134678
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Memory laws, mnemonic weapons: The diffusion of a norm across Europe and
           beyond

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      Authors: Danielle Lucksted
      Pages: 1449 - 1469
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1449-1469, December 2022.
      The diffusion of memory laws across Europe maps onto global trends towards legal memory protection writ large. Through applications of cosmopolitan memory and norm diffusion, this article demonstrates that differences across laws – although they derive language and sentiment from a shared global norm – also adhere to the specific memory politics of the state. The author proposes that three categories of memory law have emerged since the 1980s, each resulting from isomorphic pressures exerted by an international community with expectations of shared sociolegal human rights norms. The article concludes with a case study of recent laws in Russia (2014) and Poland (2018): both illustrative of a new nationalistic paradigm of memory laws as mnemonic weapons in ongoing memory wars. By tracing isomorphic similarities across Europe, this article reveals a mirroring of language that has recently appeared in the United States. It is with an eye towards worldwide shifts in populism that the current research remains urgent. This study offers a theoretical contribution from which memory scholars might draw when considering globally relevant mnemonic trends.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:04:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221134036
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • ‘The primitive accumulation of capital and memory’: Mnemonic wars as
           national reconciliation discourse in (post-)Yugoslavia

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      Authors: Gal Kirn
      Pages: 1470 - 1483
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1470-1483, December 2022.
      The article elaborates on Marx’s concept of the so-called primitive accumulation of capital by extending it to the field of memory and introducing a new concept of the ‘primitive accumulation of memory’. The article argues that this concept gives us an innovative path to understand the relationship between memory and capital. To arrive at a more nuanced understanding of the break-up of Yugoslavia and its thoroughly revised memoryscape, this text combines a politicoeconomic analysis with the evaluation of memory-related ideological shifts that are in fact perceived as long-term mnemonic wars in (post-)Yugoslavia. The article analyses how nationalism and memory revisionism are internally linked to capitalist accumulation. More specifically, the article will observe how an ethnocentric mnemonic war sought to openly negate the socialist and anti-fascist past. Indeed, the creation of an anti-communist, and at times anti-antifascist, orientation was integral to the imagining of new nation-states. Juxtaposed to this creative and generative current of memory revisionism, the primitive accumulation of capital in post-Yugoslavia began with the ‘deaccumulation’ of social infrastructure and wealth, and with the dispossession of working people. The bigger the dispossession, the larger the nationalist accumulation of memory and displacement of class antagonism. Finally, the article discusses what at first glance seems to be a pacifying discourse of ‘national reconciliation’, which stoked a thorough revision of the public memory of World War II. This revision reconciled fascist collaborationists and anti-fascist Partisans, and it helped to challenge Yugoslavia’s anti-fascist consensus, while also framing the ethnic wars of the 1990s.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:04:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221133724
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Incommensurable worlds, irreparable wounds: Transitional justice politics
           and personal violent pasts in postconflict Peru

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      Authors: María Eugenia Ulfe, Ximena Málaga Sabogal
      Pages: 1484 - 1496
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1484-1496, December 2022.
      Reparation programmes in transitional justice processes imply that there are ways to repair social bonds, to dignify victims of violence, to reconstitute what is lost. But how does losing a relative translate into the twists and turns of a state social programme' Based on ethnographic research in the Peruvian Andes and the life history of a daughter of a Shining Path leader, this article explores the ways in which transitional justice discourses get translated into specific national reparation policies embedded in a series of mnemonic wars. These mnemonic wars imply different levels of confrontation, and invisibilization of subjects and citizenships.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:04:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221133519
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Between discovery and exploitation of history: Lay theories of history and
           their connections to national identity and interest in history

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      Authors: Adrian Dominik Wójcik, Maria Lewicka
      Pages: 1497 - 1516
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1497-1516, December 2022.
      One of the distinctions in modern historiography is that between collective memory and history. Although ideal historical research is presented as objective and driven by the search for accuracy, collective memory is nearly always distorted by the current group’s needs. In the current study, we assess whether common people use this professional distinction and whether these two concepts are used by the general population. Our findings are based on several different lines of quantitative studies with a total sample size of 3949: two representative Polish samples, a study of the collective memory of Oświęcim inhabitants and one representative study of inhabitants of six Polish cities. The findings show that laypeople distinguish between three different forms of historical understanding, corresponding to the (1) realistic view of history (history as a search for truth), (2) instrumental view of history (history as a construction in the service of the group’s current needs) and (3) relativistic view of history (disbelief in the possibility of historical cognition). The meta-analysis of correlations revealed that instrumental lay theory was positively related to the nationalistic in-group identity that glorifies the in-group. By contrast, realistic theory was positively related to patriotism – a form of in-group attachment that is open to criticism. The realistic theory was positively related, whereas the instrumental view was negatively related to the expressed interest in history. Moreover, the instrumental view of history was positively related to the explicit denial of the value of historical heritage and a strong focus on the present.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:05:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221134507
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Memory conflicts and memory grey zones: War memory in Bosnia–Herzegovina
           between public memory disputes, literary narratives and personal
           experience

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      Authors: Tea Sindbæk Andersen, Fedja Wierød Borčak
      Pages: 1517 - 1531
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1517-1531, December 2022.
      In Bosnia and Herzegovina, memories of the 1990s war remain hugely divided on political and institutional levels, constituting what we may think of as a mnemonic war. Interview-based qualitative research shows that people in Bosnia on the individual level tend to follow the dominant narrative of their own group, yet, when challenged on these viewpoints, may also admit that other narratives and different truths may exist. Indeed, this research seems to propose the existence of a memorial grey zone where more open understanding and recognition of other positions is possible. Thus, while memory politics and memory institutionalization are rigidly opposed, other types of memory mediation may challenge the ethnic divisions of the memory landscape, opening up a memorial grey zone. In this article, we study the individual reception of literary works written by Bosnian émigré writers, asking how readers interact with established yet fluid memory discourses in Bosnia. Using focus groups as an interviewing method, we explore how the texts are perceived and discussed by lay readers in the two political entities, the Bosniak–Croat Federation and Republika Srpska. We are particularly interested in how readers make sense of the memory accounts in the texts, and how this relates to personal experiences and official memory narratives within each of the two entities. We argue that the reading and discussions of literary war memories allow for complex negotiations between personal and official ‘group’ narratives, opening a memorial grey zone that transcends the sharp divisions dominating memory politics in Bosnia and creates space for alternative memory positions.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:04:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221134679
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • ‘Did my grandfather storm the beaches of Normandy for this shit'’
           Mnemonic wars and digital games

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      Authors: Martin Tschiggerl
      Pages: 1532 - 1543
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1532-1543, December 2022.
      In the last 40 years, digital games have become an important negotiating space for experiencing historical worlds, and games with historical content enjoy an exceptionally high level of popularity. However, the way history is portrayed in these games has been the subject of heated controversy. These conflicts arise primarily around the question of what constitutes ‘authentic’ and thus ‘correct’ representations of the past and intensify when current ideological debates intersect with particularly emotionally charged collective memories. This article shows how collective memory can be contested when it becomes the object of ideological struggle.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:05:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221134506
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • ‘Sharing for the memories’: Contemporary conceptualizations of
           memories by young women

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      Authors: Taylor Annabell
      Pages: 1544 - 1556
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1544-1556, December 2022.
      This article examines how young women conceptualize memories within their language use. Through a microanalysis of how the term ‘memories’ and related expressions are mobilized by participants in interviews and digital traces shared on platforms, the study offers insight into everyday articulations of memory. The term ‘memories’ not only denotes the selective reconstruction of the past in the present but also signals how certain experiences, moments and feelings are assessed as worth remembering. Talking about ‘memories’ becomes a way for young women to signify and anticipate the value of experience in the present and future. In making this argument, the article contributes to existing debates on metaphors of memory and the production of memories through mediated objects by demonstrating how mnemonic language is reconfigured within digital culture.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:04:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221133729
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Book review: The Great Exodus from China: Trauma, Memory, and Identity in
           Modern Taiwan

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      Authors: Hsin-Yi Yeh
      Pages: 1557 - 1560
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1557-1560, December 2022.

      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:04:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221133512
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Book review: Empathy in Contemporary Poetry after Crisis

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      Authors: Nina Fischer
      Pages: 1560 - 1563
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Volume 15, Issue 6, Page 1560-1563, December 2022.

      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01T05:04:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221133512a
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Media-generated characteristics of Homeland War–related
           commemorations in Croatia

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      Authors: Metod Šuligoj, Elena Rudan
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This study contributes to literature concerning memory and dark tourism by providing empirical evidence about the link between commemorations and the news media in a post-conflict and tourism-dependent Croatia, as well as the specific media-constructed social reality. The main focus lies on the types and media-based descriptions of commemorations. A total of 371 news articles were collected and then reviewed using a set of items grounded in theory. In addition to content, a chi-square automatic interaction detection analysis was also employed. Four commemoration types with significant peculiarities (site category, young and senior generation of visitors, and mass visits) are observed in a two-branch model. Other general characteristics of commemorations were also identified. The dominant commemoration type in Croatia are ‘memorial services’, (massively) visited by seniors. Young people rarely attend commemorations. If so, they mostly attend ‘parades, marches, processions’ taking place at authentic sites. The findings provide theoretical and practical implications for stakeholders.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-10-20T10:26:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221126608
       
  • ‘There is no room in our city for hate’: The re-emerged debates over
           the current and former place name of a Canadian city

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      Authors: Jason F Kovacs
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      In 1916, Berlin, Ontario, disappeared off the map through a controversial vote. In its place came a new toponym named after British Secretary of State for War, Horatio Herbert Kitchener. Over a century later, a Facebook post about the city’s name gained local media attention. For the writer of the post, the name Kitchener was synonymous for hate due to the military figure’s role in expanding the use of internment camps during the Second Boer War. However, the Berlin–Kitchener controversy is far older than the recent news story; it goes back to 1991 when a news article brought up the subject a year after the city’s German-Canadian community celebrated the reunification of their cultural homeland. This article examines the original resurfaced controversy over the 1916 name change as well as the recently re-emerged debate. It is argued that the origins of both debates are markedly different and reflect different concerns.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-10-18T12:22:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221126651
       
  • The autobiographical archive in post-communist Romania: “True” heroes
           and collective victimization

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      Authors: Simona Mitroiu, Camelia Gradinaru
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Considering the emerging field of anti-totalitarian collective memory of communism, this article explores the interplay between the autobiographical archives and the public discourse on memory. It questions the appeal for establishing the “true” history of communism as it is reflected at the autobiographical archive level. Based on Elisabeta Rizea’s relevant case study and using a comprehensive approach addressing the discourse on memory in Romania, the grounding elements of the autobiographical archive are analyzed. Its afterlife is discussed in terms of its reception and through user-generated content specific to online communication platforms. The article argues that while the entanglements between the autobiographical archive and the discourse on memory of the Romanian communist past demonstrate a prevalence of the victimization and heroism narratives, the online engagement indicates both a continuity with these narratives and a (re)working of autobiographical archive in the register of truthfulness and authenticity.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-10-17T12:17:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221126605
       
  • Territorial phantom pains: Third-generation postmemories of territorial
           changes

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      Authors: Małgorzata Łukianow, Chloe Wells
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Forced border changes and population transfers have affected many nation-states. However, memories of these events are usually described as part of a “unique” national memory of cartographic violence, “lost” territories, and victimhood. In popular representations, often reinforced by the personal memories of the wartime resettled, the territories ceded from Poland (Kresy) and Finland (Karelia) to the Soviet Union after World War II are remembered and imagined as “timeless” places which preserve and encapsulate “Polishness” and “Finnishness.” “Territorial phantom pains” is a central framing idea for us. We understand phantom pains as a social emotion related to memories and postmemories that tells members of a community that the body of their nation is not complete without the detached territories. Phantom pains are nostalgic, romanticizing, but also exclusive keeping memories of the territorial loss as not (only) memories of personal loss of home and heimat, but of a national loss.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-10-17T12:13:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221126602
       
  • Recalling the Hunger Winter: Evoking famine memory beyond the national

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      Authors: Ingrid de Zwarte, Lindsay Janssen
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article seeks to demonstrate how hunger legacies function as connecting vectors in later times. By investigating the comparative uses of memory in Dutch newspapers in the period 1945–1995, it reveals how recollections of the Dutch ‘Hunger Winter’ of 1944–1945 were evoked to make sense of current episodes of hunger, as well as to stimulate political and societal engagement among readers with famines across the world. In so doing, the article shows how memories of the Dutch famine were placed in larger transnational discourses of suffering, experienced by other oppressed and war-stricken communities, ultimately making the Hunger Winter a benchmark for understanding famine, deprivation and humanitarianism. Crucially, this article stresses the need to move beyond national paradigms in the study of famine memory, thereby allowing for a better understanding of the transnational workings of memory.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-10-07T08:24:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221126603
       
  • Dancing through time: A methodological exploration of embodied memories

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      Authors: Julia Giese, Emily Keightley
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article responds to an absence of memory studies research methodologies for exploring embodied memories, including its form and content, the lived practices it involves, and its embeddedness in wider socio-political discourses. While conceptualisations of embodiment are central in the field of memory studies, its methodological consequences remain under-developed. We are proposing dance-based methods as having significant potential to address alternative ways of knowing and relating to the past. Drawing on empirical work on both professional and social dance among British Bangladeshi women in London, conducted as part of the 5-year research project Migrant Memory and the Postcolonial Imagination, we found embodied remembering to be a social form of doing that can serve to create, preserve and negotiate shared pasts.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-10-05T06:33:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221126611
       
  • Silent memorylands: City branding and the coloniality of cultural memory
           in the Hamburg HafenCity

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      Authors: Jonas Prinzleve
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article illustrates the predicaments of self-acclaimed global cities that come under pressure to decolonise heritage practices. Examining the politics of public memory in post-imperial Hamburg through the inner-city redevelopment project Hamburg HafenCity, it shows how commemorative landscapes are co-produced by market rationalities. Through document analysis and interviews with city planners, artists and campaigners, the article explores urban toponymies and heritage sites as relational and contested configurations of post-colonial memory and culture. It finds that the HafenCity’s colonial heritage premediates the area’s contemporary symbolic programme which celebrates European expansion, cosmopolitanism and Hamburg’s maritime tradition. The article engages with the multiple modes of encounter and performative responses that (neo-)colonial memory landscapes elicit. It redraws the affective geographies of (un-)belonging in a post-imperial city and charts decolonial propositions of civil society actors.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-10-01T12:10:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221122161
       
  • Memorials from the perspective of experience: A comparison of Spain’s
           Valley of the Fallen to contemporary counter-memorials

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      Authors: Ignacio Brescó de Luna, Brady Wagoner
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Memorials are cultural artifacts constructed to mediate memory for a shared past. But as such, they require people’s active engagement with them, which can generate divergent experiences and interpretations. The present study compares how different memorial forms both enable and constrain people’s relating to the sites and what they are meant to represent. The comparison hinges on the difference between traditional memorials (imposing, vertical, and focused on heroes) and counter-memorials (engaging, horizontal, and focused on victims). The Valley of the Fallen is in central focus as a prime example of a traditional memory, which is currently in the process of being re-signified. Our study compares participants’ experience of this site with the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe and the National 9/11 Memorial (both celebrated counter-memorials), using an innovative method combining interviews and a subjective camera that captures participants’ ongoing experience from the first-person perspective. Results show a manifold of ways in which people appropriate and make sense of memorials through different associations and personal memories while moving through them.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-09-29T07:18:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221126943
       
  • The intergenerational hero: Carrier of a bonding memory

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      Authors: Efrat Ben-Ze’ev, Edna Lomsky-Feder
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      In the present era of fragmentation and instability, there is an urge to recreate “islands of solidarity,” sometimes by establishing what we define as “intergenerational heroes.” They are expected to carry a bonding memory, interpreting the past in light of present challenges and future dreams. The media fashions the role of these heroes following their death. By examining the reportage of Haim Guri, a prominent Israeli poet, we decode the character of the intergenerational hero. Through a qualitative analysis of articles and visual images, we discovered four qualities: First, he embodies a generational foundational event, drawing moral authority from having “been there.” Second, he establishes strong bonds with other generational units. Third, throughout his life he is immersed in public events, and fourth, he is portrayed as consisting of inherently contradictory traits that attract a variety of audiences. We conclude by considering the “shelf life” of the intergenerational hero.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-09-29T07:08:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221122231
       
  • Racialised regimes of remembrance: The politics of trivialising and
           forgetting the murders of Black children in Brazil

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      Authors: Fernanda Amaral
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article starts from the notion of collective memory as a source of power and meaning and draws from the concepts of activist memory to reflect on the existence of a racialised regime of memory in Brazil. Considering the social struggles involving Black people and the decades of fights for voice and justice, this investigation will deliberate on the media practices and general public recollections around the death of Black children under the optics of Hall’s concept of racialised regimes of representation. Employing an online survey and content analysis, this work uncovers evidence of a different set of practices to report and remember the death of White and Black children and considers the impact of those practices by analysing the remembrance rates on the survey.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-09-28T11:22:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221122154
       
  • Lack of bump in public events when recent events prevail

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      Authors: Sezin Öner, Sami Gülgöz
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Reminiscence bump refers to the increased recall of events from adolescence and early adulthood. It is a robust phenomenon for personal events, while the evidence for the bump has been inconsistent for public events. The present study addressed lifespan distributions of public events in a nationally representative sample of adults (N = 1200) in Turkey. We demonstrated a robust recency effect in the temporal distribution of public event memories. When we examined the bump in the most frequently reported events, the recency effect persisted. The only exception was the bump for the military coup in 1980, a relatively more distant event among the most frequent events. Findings suggested that high-impact events in Turkey’s recent past may overshadow the past events. Inline, we discuss the role of the context and age distribution of the sample to explain the inconsistency in the evidence for the reminiscence bump in public events.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-09-28T11:19:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221122149
       
  • Victimhood and the transnationalization of Croatian memory politics

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      Authors: Daphne Winland
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      The biblical entreaty zakhor – Hebrew for ‘remember’ – has been central to the efforts of diaspora Jewish scholars, religious leaders, politicians and others to suture the suffering past to the present. The imperative to not only remember but also commemorate histories of suffering is ubiquitous among conflict-generated diasporas as well. For diaspora Croats, victim-centred themes regularly surface in identity narratives, focusing on memories of trauma and suffering after the establishment of the Socialist Federation of Yugoslavia in 1945. While the manipulation of victimhood narratives and the rehabilitation of controversial histories by Croatian political elites have been examined extensively, the persistence of memories focused on suffering among diaspora Croats has received less scholarly attention. In this article, I ask why, 30 years after the end of the Homeland War and the establishment of the Croatian state, do victimhood narratives continue to resonate for diaspora Croats particularly from the Herzegovinian region of the former Yugoslavia who arrived in Canada between 1945 and 1990. What role do memory activists in Canada originating mainly from Herzegovina play in lubricating and mobilizing memories that reinforce victimhood' Finally, how does the desire for validation and legitimacy beyond diaspora communities factor into commemorations and initiatives focused on collective suffering' The focus here is on research conducted between 2019 and 2020 in Toronto when diaspora commemorations and the memory narratives that have sustained them came under increased critical scrutiny, challenging the veracity of Croatian victimhood claims.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-09-24T09:00:07Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221126601
       
  • The Windrush and the BUMIDOM: The memorialization of Caribbean migration

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      Authors: Antonia Wimbush
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article examines the role of the ‘Windrush’, a term which stands for post-war Caribbean migration to Britain, in cultural and political memory, and compares it to a similar migratory phenomenon which occurred in the French context. In 1963, the BUMIDOM (Bureau pour le développement des migrations dans les départements d’outre-mer/Bureau for the Development of Migration in the Overseas Departments) was formally established, thus initiating mass migration to metropolitan France. The BUMIDOM acted as a labour recruitment agency, financing the transportation, recruitment and housing of workers from France’s former Caribbean colonies. The article argues that the BUMIDOM has not been commemorated by museums, institutions or memorials because this would mean contesting France’s Republican model of universalism which does not recognize identitarian categories such as race. In contrast, British institutions have incorporated the ‘Windrush’ story into the national narrative, but Caribbean communities prefer to memorialize Caribbean migration on their own terms.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-09-19T06:25:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221122247
       
  • Remembering through fragmented narratives: Third generations and the
           intergenerational memory of the 1965 anti-leftist violence in Indonesia

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      Authors: Grace Leksana, Arif Subekti
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article focuses on the intergenerational memory within families directly implicated by the 1965 anti-leftist violence in Indonesia. Under the culture of impunity, the violence remains at the margins of Indonesia’s history and collective memory, creating taboo and suppressing open talk about the event. However, taking a critical approach, we perceive this social silence as a conscious strategy of survival, rather than a fear of state repression. This strategy implicates the ways memories of violence are transferred to the following generations – when, what and how narratives are delivered or muzzled. It is also silence that actually catalyses the preservation of those memories within the families. Through the lens of the third generations in three different families of survivors, we examine how they undergo and sustain silences and narratives of violence in the family, including how they maintain those memories in the present and for the future. In relation to that, our study supports the prevailing notions that argue against interpreting silence as absence. Instead, these case studies show that in silence, memories of violence seep through what we call fragmented narratives – the incomplete, incomprehensible, irrational and sometimes mythical knowledge or experiences related to 1965 violence. In other cases, silence in the family takes the form of depoliticising figures of the first generation – detaching all their political activities and ideologies from recollection of activism.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-09-19T06:24:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221122175
       
  • Diasporic memory practice on the Internet: Remembering lost homelands

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      Authors: David Clarke, Nina Parish, Polly Winfield, Ani Lecrivain
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article examines the work of two diasporic memory organizations, Kresy-Siberia and Houshamadyan, which have both developed Internet platforms to collect and share information about lost homelands: in the former case, the pre-Second World War eastern borderlands of Poland; in the latter, the Armenian communities of the Ottoman Empire that were destroyed by genocide. The article draws on interviews undertaken with participants in order to examine the activism of these two diasporic memory groups and to analyse the relationship between memory practice and the online space. The article asks what difference the creation of an online platform makes to such groups, both for individuals and for the wider diaspora, and seeks to understand how the possibilities offered by these platforms shape diasporic practice. The article shows how, despite the apparent similarities between the online presences of these two organizations, their use of the Internet facilitates diverse forms of memory practice, which are influenced by the historically specific needs of participants in these different diasporic communities.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-09-19T06:21:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221122174
       
  • Courage, resistance and vulnerability in memory culture: Swedish Museum
           education and the representation of the Holocaust survivor at the turn of
           the twenty-first century

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      Authors: Katrine Tinning
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article provides a Swedish perspective on critical memory culture and the use of difficult history in museum education. It is based on a detailed study of the educational resource the Teacher’s Guide, published by the Swedish Museum of Cultural History in Lund named Kulturen in 2006 in connection with their permanent exhibition, To Survive. Voices from Ravensbrück. The Guide shows how women, imprisoned in the Ravensbrück concentration camp, found ways to resist their situation and overcome their victim position. It also relates to the role Sweden played in the rescue of the women from the camp. First, the article explicates the narrative structure of the guidebook and examines how it characterises the survivors as resistance heroines and presents their story as a story of courage. Then, the article relates the Teacher’s Guide to two contemporary phenomena in Sweden: a governmental educational campaign to raise young people’s awareness of the Holocaust and foster engagement in resistance to present neo-fascism and a historiographical debate taking issue with negative and difficult aspects of Sweden’s involvement in the Second World War. The Teacher’s Guide is discussed based on Aleida Assmann’s concept of self-critical memory culture, Judith Butler’s notion of vulnerability and the concept of difficult history in museum pedagogy. It is argued that by emphasising courage and neglecting vulnerability in its story of resistance, the Guide deprives the audience of the opportunity of responding adequately to the difficult history of surviving the Holocaust as a history of ambiguity. Ultimately, it is argued that the Guide constitutes a hindrance to the emergence of a self-critical memory culture on the Holocaust in Sweden.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-09-15T08:38:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221122227
       
  • Agonistic memory as a relational concept: Remembering socialism in
           Lithuania

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      Authors: Barbara Christophe
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Based on a biographical narrative interview, this article analyzes the policies of discursive positioning enacted by Adele, a history teacher born in the Lithuanian countryside in 1951, while telling her life story. Showing how she consistently disrupts two rival narratives, the misalignments between which inform public debate in Lithuania’s divided memory culture, I interpret her account as a bottom-up example of agonistic memory. To date, this mode of remembering the past has usually been described as the project of creative intellectuals. In order to prepare the ground to include the memory practices of the rank and file, I suggest (1) reconceptualizing agonistic memory as a relational concept and (2) using agonistic memory as a sensitizing concept in an analysis of oral history accounts focused on the positions articulated by interviewees in response to public memory discourses.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-08-02T10:35:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221114083
       
  • Marielle restored' Mortuary graphisms, memory and ritual in
           intersectional and anti-racist responses to necropolitical violence in Rio
           de Janeiro

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      Authors: Julio Bizarria, Edlaine de Campos Gomes
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article discusses mortuary memory and ritual among subalternised populations, in their struggle against necropolitical violence, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, as of the late 2010s. The case study analyses the conception, vandalisation and restoration of two graffiti works, made by Brazilian artists Panmela Castro and Simone Siss, with a decisive contribution from Malala Yousafzai. These works, made in honour of the late Councillor Marielle Franco, are often celebrated as material memories of the intersectional and anti-racist resistance against the mounting authoritarianism of the Brazilian socio-political regime. Yet, they are also confronted by discourses that seek to delegitimise Black and intersectional bodies as effective members of Brazilian society, deeming them disposable and unworthy of mourning. The analysis highlights the importance and the agency of mortuary graphisms as factors of mobilisation and memorial (in)justice, which question and destabilise hegemonic narratives concerning the racialised character of Brazilian society.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-08-02T10:34:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221114081
       
  • ‘Nothing is lost’: Mourning and memory at the National
           Memorial for Peace and Justice

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      Authors: Jenny Woodley
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      The National Memorial for Peace and Justice is the first national memorial to Black victims of lynching. Its purpose is to provoke a confrontation with the United States’ racial past, in the hope that truth will lead to racial justice. This article argues that in remembering the dead, the Lynching Memorial also allows and encourages visitors to mourn. During the peak of racial lynchings in the early twentieth century, it could be difficult or even dangerous for the bereaved to publicly mourn Black victims. The National Memorial for Peace and Justice, therefore, provides a delayed opportunity for the Black community to mourn those losses. But it also encourages visitors of other races to mourn too. The memorial facilitates mourning through the visitors’ relationship to the monuments, and the echoing of Black mourning traditions. In publicly mourning for these victims, visitors acknowledge and insist on the grievability of Black lives, something which white supremacy has long sought to deny. This article, therefore, argues for the radical potential for mourning at sites of commemoration as a step towards justice.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-08-02T10:32:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221114080
       
  • Dialita: Collective memories of former women political prisoners during
           the New Order era in Java, 2000–2011

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      Authors: Amurwani Dwi Lestariningsih, Linda Sunarti
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article studies how the experiences of former women political prisoners in the New Order era of Indonesia have been recollected to reproduce identity. In 1979, these women were returned to their community after a rehabilitation period of nearly 10 years. The public, which could not accept their past, attached a lingering stigma to them and continually rejected them. This article attempts to uncover the process of memory articulation and the context in which these women sought to reproduce their identity through Dialita (Di Atas Lima Puluh Tahun, Above 50 Years Old), a choir group consisting of former women political prisoners and their relatives. Dialita positioned itself as a medium for cultural reconciliation that aimed to alter public perception of the women’s identity and reposition them in the country’s collective memory. This is how the politics of memory work in Indonesian society, where the government has the power to decide which memories should be remembered and which should be forgotten. Dialita brought almost forgotten songs back to life because its members were not allowed to write songs while being imprisoned at correctional facilities in Bukit Duri, Plantungan, Salemba and Ambarawa. Interviews and textual interpretation have allowed us to delve deeper into the lives of these former women political prisoners, who were positioned as the main actors of a past historical event and encouraged to articulate their memories by reproducing songs as a part of their identity reproduction. The articulation process and the re-interpretation of the past helped the women shape their sense of self and, more importantly, to alter the way the public remembers the events of 1965.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-08-01T10:17:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221114075
       
  • Left-wing melancholia and activist memories of the Colombian conflict in
           Fabiola Calvo Ocampo’s Hablarán de mí

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      Authors: Cherilyn Elston
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Dialoguing with recent memory studies scholarship that has questioned the field’s predominant focus on violence, victimhood and trauma, this article explores the emergence of forms of memory in Colombia that alongside commemorating the armed conflict also incorporate positive memories of the past and memories of left activism. To do so, it analyses Colombian journalist and academic, Fabiola Calvo Ocampo’s testimonial text Hablarán de mí as a key example of recent transitional justice and memory discourses emerging out of a new peacebuilding context in the country. Although detailing a history of trauma and a melancholic vision of the catastrophic destruction of the left in Colombia, the article reads Calvo Ocampo’s testimony through Enzo Traverso’s reading of left-wing melancholia to suggest that the text recovers a memory of the vanquished as part of an attempt to restore a left-activist memory of past historical struggles, which can be mobilised for the current peacebuilding scenario.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-08-01T10:16:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221114068
       
  • Collective memory of environmental change and connectedness with nature:
           Survey evidence from Aotearoa New Zealand

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      Authors: Olli Hellmann
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      The field of memory studies has, in recent years, experienced a ‘nonhuman turn’ that extends the analytical focus beyond anthropocentric functions of collective remembering. However, while this growing literature has considerably enhanced our understanding of how memories of environmental change may promote a stronger sense of connectedness with nature, the different arguments – developed mainly through critical readings of cultural texts – have yet to be investigated empirically. By means of an original survey of 1,100+ adults in Aotearoa New Zealand, the paper here provides a first step towards addressing the empirical gap in the ‘nonhuman turn’ literature. Two main findings emerge from this analysis. First, knowing about historical environmental change and overestimating the extent of environmental change make it more likely that individuals see themselves as part of nature. Second, the survey demonstrates that the relationship between memories of environmental change and closeness to nature interacts with wider political conflicts over how to remember the colonial past. In particular, the question of who to blame for historical environmental change shapes the effect of ecological memories in different ways, depending on whether respondents identify as European New Zealanders or Indigenous Māori.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-07-29T06:49:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221114077
       
  • Intergenerational transmission of historical memory of volcanic risk in
           Mexico

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      Authors: Dayra Elizabeth Ojeda-Rosero, Esperanza López-Vázquez
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Collective memory is built on concepts and meanings that a population shares and builds over time. These contents are perpetuated through oral transmission from generation to generation. In the case of populations exposed to volcanic risk, coexistence with the volcano is part of their history and daily life. The present study focuses on understanding the meanings, perceptions, and responses facing (before and after) volcanic crises. All these are taken from the collective memory that has been transmitted intergenerationally after the new stage of activity of the Popocatepetl volcano in 1994. It was carried out with qualitative methodology, based on symbolic interactionism, integrating elements of ethnography and grounded theory. People of different age groups from a Mexican community near the Popocatepetl volcano participated. The techniques used were in-depth interviews, focus groups, and participant observation. The historical memory of the volcano’s activity before and after the last reactivation was reconstructed, thus evidencing the generational processes.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-07-29T06:47:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221114066
       
  • Selfies in Auschwitz: Popular and contested representations in a digital
           generation

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      Authors: Jackie Feldman, Norma Musih
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Selfies at Auschwitz have become increasingly popular, and have generated agitated public debate. While some see them as an engaged form of witnessing, others denounce them as a narcissistic desecration of the dead. We analyze the taking, composition, and circulation of several of the most popular selfies of Auschwitz and the online reactions to them. The practice of selfies marks a shift from witness to witnessee and from onsite to online presence. Yet it also builds on previous practices: photography, postcards and souvenirs, the affordances of the architecture of the memorial site, the bodily presence of the survivor-witness as mediator of the Holocaust, and the redemptive value assigned to the physical presence of the visitor as “witness of the witness.” We suggest that the combination of continuities with the past alongside the radical break with previous witnessing practices empowers selfie-takers, while arousing the indignation of gatekeepers of Holocaust memory.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-07-13T10:11:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221101111
       
  • The (de)tours of memory: Strategies and tactics of memory at
           Argentina’s Parque de la Memoria

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      Authors: Daniel James
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      In recent years, political leaders from around the world have been provided with a tour of Argentina’s Parque de la Memoria. What explains their detour from the affairs of state to a park that commemorates the victims of Argentina’s military dictatorship' How do these visits sit alongside other, everyday uses of the space' Borrowing from de Certeau, I interpret these practices as practices of memory. I analyse the ‘pedestrian speech acts’ through which key stakeholders attempt to divert these practices towards a particular construction of the memory space. The invitation to a global political elite can be read as a strategy to protect the symbolic order of the memory of the desaparecidos by performatively enacting a transnational community of memory in mourning. This leaves the park vulnerable to those who would mobilise these mourning rituals as a tactic to dismantle any politics that might take place at the park.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-07-13T07:16:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221108480
       
  • Repeating beats: The return of rave, memories of joy and nostalgia between
           the afterglow and the hangover

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      Authors: Joe PL Davidson
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      The British rave scene of the late 1980s and early 1990s is widely remembered as a moment of elation and bliss. Contemporary cultural representations position the Second Summer of Love of 1989 – when thousands of young people attended illegal parties, experienced the hypnotic beats of house music and had their first brush with the drug ecstasy – as an object of nostalgia. I argue that rave nostalgia is suspended between two dispositions: the afterglow and the hangover. Whereas the former involves happiness, reversibility and continuity, the latter is defined by melancholia, irreversibility and discontinuity. On this basis, I consider two texts that creatively combine these dispositions in their evocation of rave: the music video for The Streets’s ‘Weak Become Heroes’ and Jeremy Deller’s documentary Everybody in the Place. Finally, I assess how the euphoria associated with rave nostalgia helps to augment and advance the recent turn to joy in memory studies.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-07-13T07:14:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221101115
       
  • Changing the story: Intergenerational dialogue, participatory video and
           perpetrator memories in Cambodia

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      Authors: Paul Cooke, Katie Hodgkinson, Peter Manning
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Questions of reconciliation and memory after genocide and conflict in Cambodia remain finely poised. Young people often do not believe the stories of hardship and loss of the older generation, and cleavages remain between divided and stigmatised former factions. This article reflects on a series of participatory video projects led by young Cambodians that sought to engage and explore complex ‘perpetrator’ memories with the aim of building dialogue across communities and generations. Working in partnership with the Documentation Centre of Cambodia through 2018, our participatory-video project sought to document the experiences and accounts of former lower level Khmer Rouge community members. Through a discussion of the 11 films produced, and young filmmakers’ reflections on their involvement in the project, we show how participatory video allows and produces interventions on memory that can renegotiate, augment and contest dominant narratives of past violence. Crucially, we argue, that when read together, the films outline the contours, ambiguities and contestation of claims for ‘complex victimhood’ in Cambodia, and the problems of stabilising singular stories of past violence. We argue that this has implications for transitional justice more broadly, which is a field that tends to rely on neat distinctions of victim and perpetrator and shared accounts and meanings of past harm in the ways it intervenes on memory.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-07-07T12:28:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221108474
       
  • Perceived societal anomie and the implicit trajectory of national decline:
           Replicating and extending Yamashiro and Roediger (2019) within a French
           sample

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      Authors: Octavia Ionescu, Julie Collange, Jean Louis Tavani
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      To date, most research has investigated people’s representations of the national past and future separately and the few that examined the relationships between the two overlooked the role of the group’s present. The present study aimed to replicate previous results showing an implicit trajectory of national decline among Americans within a French sample and additionally examined whether perceived societal anomie— that is, perceiving that present society is disintegrated and disregulated—would accentuate this trajectory of decline. Results first showed a positivity bias for the French past and a negativity bias for the French future; thus, replicating previous results showing an implicit trajectory of national decline in another national context. Moreover, the trajectory of decline was steeper for participants who perceived present French society as highly anomic; but only because they projected more negative national futures. Explanations for the conflicting results in the literature regarding valence biases in collective memory are discussed.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-07-07T11:26:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221108479
       
  • Affective future and non-existent history: The issue of future past in
           memory research

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      Authors: Justyna Tabaszewska
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores one of the possible approaches to the question of future in memory research. It aims to show that both the currently anticipated future as well as future past and the affective facts construed on its basis (B. Massumi) are a part of collective memory. Polish memory of the Second World War is the main analytical focus in the article and it is considered as a particularly clear example of the influence held by that which did not occur, but merely might have, over contemporary politics of memory. It is argued that the analysis of the visions of the future, which are expressed, for example, in alternative histories, can be beneficial for research on the functioning of at least some European politics of memory, and in particular for those focused on contemporary Polish memory, which is entangled in the need for a constant rewriting and restructuring of the memory of the past.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-07-06T10:00:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221108481
       
  • Spain’s democratic anxieties through the lens of Franco’s
           reburial

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      Authors: Rachelle Wildeboer Schut, Zoltán Dujisin
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Through a qualitative content analysis of an ideologically representative sample of influential media outlets in Spain, this article identifies three principal discursive frameworks surrounding Franco’s exhumation. These frameworks expressed not only deep disagreements over the direction of Spain’s regime of remembrance, but reflected deeper anxieties over the state of a democracy in crisis. More broadly, this analysis responds to calls to engage with journalistic sources in the memory studies literature, while illustrating the role of collective memory in collapsing past, present, and future in the articulation of political identities.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-07-06T09:56:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221108477
       
  • Living in history and by the cultural life script: What events modulate
           autobiographical memory organization in a sample of older adults from
           Romania'

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      Authors: Alexandra M Opriș, Laura Visu-Petra, Norman R Brown
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      In the current study, we investigated the organization of autobiographical memory in view of the Living-in-History effect, which is visible when personal memory and historical memory become intertwined. We investigated how often participants dated their own personal recollections with reference to important historical events (such as the Fall of Communism). Furthermore, we also examined whether cultural life script events served as a prominent strategy to date personal memories in our sample of 35 participants (Mage = 69.76 years, SD = 8.26). This study failed to document the Living-in-History effect, as participants mentioned only few historical events of interest to this study when dating their personal memories. In addition, supporting the Cultural Life Script theory, participants employed culturally transmitted knowledge to navigate through their autobiographical memories. We conclude that for our sample, historically defined autobiographical memories mainly develop when the specific public events affect in a dramatic manner the individuals’ lives.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-07-06T09:53:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221108476
       
  • Enacting memories through and with things: Remembering as material
           engagement

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      Authors: Emanuele Prezioso, Nicolás Alessandroni
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      For mainstream theories, memory is a skull-bound activity consisting of encoding, storing and retrieving representations. Conversely, unorthodox perspectives proposed that memory is an extended process that includes material resources. This article explains why neither representationalist nor classical extended stances do justice to the active and constitutive role of material culture for cognition. From Material Engagement Theory, we propose an alternative enactive, ecological, extended and semiotic viewpoint for which remembering is a way of materially engaging with and through things. Specifically, we suggest that one remembers when one updates their interactions with the world, a form of engagement previously acquired through sociomaterial practices. Moreover, we argue that things are full-fledged memories, since they accumulate and bring forth how we have materially engaged with them over different timescales. Last, we highlight the need for studies considering the cognitive ecologies where remembering takes place in its full complexity.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-07-06T09:49:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221108475
       
  • Memories, piety and formation of civil religions: Do revolutionary youth
           sing along with the memory machine in Iran'

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      Authors: Younes Saramifar
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Memories of wars and constantly living with them become the measure of citizenhood, revolutionary commitments and piety remembering, where an incessant state-sponsored memory machine frames memory as a civil religion. This article argues that memories, remembering and mnemonic acts become the forces that hold a civil religion together, and then explains how mnemonic subjects/remembering individuals contribute to a civil religion through consumption of memories. I ground my argument in anthropological explorations of how the Iranian state choreographs a memory machine that collects, publishes and circulates memories of the Iran–Iraq War (1980–1988). The memory machine tries to inspire postwar generations with an Islamic model of piety, invent a militarized civil religion and inculcate the revolutionary youth into it. However, the Iranian revolutionary youth use memories of the war as ‘wiggle rooms’ to reshape the state-choreographed civil religion without expressing either dissent or absolute compliance. Ethnographically, I highlight that the revolutionary youth’s compliance may seem blind obedience but on the contrary, their compliance is an agentive attempt to resist subtly, find individuated sovereignty and craft mnemonic subjectivities under authoritarian conditions.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-06-13T10:08:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221101110
       
  • Witnessing migrant memories through literature: The case of
           Nagorno-Karabakh in transnational perspective

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      Authors: Natalia Dudnik
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This comparative essay explores the relationship between memory and migration/integration through the example of two recent literary texts—the German-language novel All Russians Love Birch Trees by Olga Grjasnowa and a story from the Russian-language “novel in voices” Secondhand Time by Svetlana Alexievich—that portray personal memory of ethnic violence in Baku, Azerbaijan in 1990. In Grjasnowa’s novel, the protagonist’s traumatic memories cannot be integrated into German memory culture, despite the fact that she, as a legal immigrant, enjoys the status of political subject. In reversed dynamics, Alexievich’s protagonist, who remains vulnerable on the political and social level, has been able to articulate her trauma in the presence of the empathetic listener—the implied author. Analyzing narrative devices that aim to engage the reader as a respondent to the characters’ suffering during the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan in the 1990s and after their arrival in Germany and Russia, this essay identifies a call for a holistic integration of migrants on both the civic level and the level of memory through the medium of secondary witnessing.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-06-10T11:01:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221101108
       
  • The living past in the lives of victims-/survivors of conflict-related
           sexual violence: Temporal implications for transitional justice

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      Authors: Janine Natalya Clark
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Issues of time and temporality are highly relevant to the field of transitional justice. The very concept of ‘transition’ and transitional justice processes more broadly reflect a linear and teleological understanding of time that moves in a particular direction. While building on existing temporal critiques of transitional justice, this interdisciplinary article makes two original contributions to this corpus of scholarship – empirical and conceptual. First, emphasizing what it refers to as ‘the living past’, it draws on qualitative interviews with victims-/survivors of conflict-related sexual violence in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Colombia and Uganda to explore empirically some of the various ways that the past experientially intruded into the interviewees’ present. Second, it utilizes the analogy of the coagulation cascade, a biological blood-clotting process, to reflect on how transitional justice processes might move beyond linear temporal conceptualizations to recognize lived experiences of time and the multiple ways that individuals – as well as communities and societies – continue to coexist and transition with the living past.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-06-08T04:59:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221101143
       
  • Towards a resonant theory of memory politics

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      Authors: Jamie Ranger, Will Ranger
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      It is argued that Hartmut Rosa’s theory of resonance provides memory activists (those actors engaged in memory politics) with both a normative justification and qualitative metric by which sites of memory may be compared and evaluated. Resonance is a plausible candidate for an assessing concept on the grounds that there is overlap between Rosa’s sociological approach and the implicit appeal to resonance in the memory studies literature.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-06-08T04:58:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980221101112
       
  • Casa 1, a site of LGBTQ memory in São Paulo, Brazil

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      Authors: Artur de Souza Duarte, Renato Cymbalista
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      The NGO Casa 1 was conceived as a housing project for runaway and homeless LGBTQ youths. Launched in 2017, it has expanded into a complex that includes housing, culture, education and health services. Together with this infrastructure of care, Casa 1 has created several strategies to promote LGBTQ memory that have made it a new site of memory in São Paulo. Through field research, interviews and analysis of institutional material, this article presents the NGO’s memory strategies in four directions: memorialisation as a symbolic mechanism of gratitude, exemplarity and denunciation, and the safeguarding of a LGBTQ memory collection. We argue that, through these dimensions, Casa 1 has consolidated itself as a site of memory even considering its short existence, showing that the establishment of a site of memory is not a passive consequence of time and historical events, but can be precipitated and induced, through intensity and intentionality.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-03-12T08:58:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980211073089
       
  • The alliance of victory: Russo-Serbian memory diplomacy

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      Authors: Jade McGlynn, Jelena Đureinović
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      The politics of memory of World War II underlies the public and political discourses in contemporary Russia and Serbia, with political elites using the narrative of the victory against fascism as a unifying and legitimising tool. The heroic war memory is also outward-oriented and underpins the ever-closer relations between the two countries. This article explores how Russia exports and engages with the memory of World War II in Serbia, introducing the concept of memory diplomacy as a form of public diplomacy. Based on the travelling of memory, narratives and practices, memory diplomacy takes memory politics to the international level. The article theorises memory diplomacy as co-creation, rather than a one-way process, which involves benefits for all parties involved. Through historical and content discourse analysis of data from Russia and Serbia, the article illustrates how the theory of memory diplomacy works in practice.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-03-05T09:09:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980211073108
       
  • A microphone in a chandelier: How a secret recording sparks mnemonic
           imagination and affect

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      Authors: Martin Pogačar
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      In this study, I examine a recording of an old Slovenian choral song made in 1941 during the Fascist occupation. Recorded music, I argue, has the capacity to condense the past and to potentiate the affective mnemonic imagination of the past regardless of its mediated form. To make this argument, I investigate the recording as a temporal object that drives affective mnemohistories; modulates individual and collective experiences, expectations and interpretations; and induces mnemonic imagination. I discuss the song’s pre-recorded historical background and the technical history of the recording, and the song’s affective force in live performances as compared to the mediated experience in YouTube. The investigation of the song as a temporal object that engenders variegated, multilayered engagements with the past contributes to the debates on the study of music and memory, and the history of media technologies in the context of post-socialist memory.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-03-04T12:29:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980211073110
       
  • The archival riot: Travesti/Trans* audiovisual memory politics in
           twenty-first-century Argentina

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      Authors: Patricio Simonetto, Marce Butierrez
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article analyzes the making of travesti/trans* memory politics in Argentina. Focused on audiovisual initiatives, archives, catalogs, novels, and digital activism, it studies how these policies emerged in the wider context of the archival and digital turn. While placing the dialogues with Argentine centrality of memory in social conflict and Latin American archival grassroots politics, this text addresses the role of remembrance in the production of travesti/trans* identity. This article argues that trans* memory initiatives acted as politics of belonging that worked in two levels: defining the limits of a common identitarian past, and reaching a wider cisgender audience to highlight the social violence that defined travesti/trans’ precarious lives. This article shows how by placing travesti/trans* memories in tension with national retelling of the past, they are building politics of belonging to legitimate their claims of social reparation to make new trans* futures possible.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-02-09T04:43:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980211073099
       
  • Cued recall: Using photo-elicitation to examine the distributed processes
           of remembering with photographs

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      Authors: Tim Fawns
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      In studies of cued recall, responses to photographic stimuli have often been examined in isolation of related photography practices (e.g. taking, organising, or sharing images), and without considering how photographs are used. In contrast, photo-elicitation methods position photographs not simply as cues, but as meaningful artefacts around which accounts of the past are constructed. Drawing on photo-elicitation interviews, I examine cued recall from a distributed cognition perspective, proposing that it consists of varying combinations of several, potentially-distributed processes. First, looking at photographs can catalyse remembering by surfacing relevant ideas, followed by: stimulation (of feelings and emotions), simulation and narrative production, association, inference, and meaning-making. Using examples from my interviews, I consider how each process is socially and materially configured. I then discuss the role of diverse photographic practices in the convergence of these processes, and the implications for conceptions of cueing, recall, and autobiographical memory.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-02-08T12:08:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980211073093
       
  • Spectacular memory: Zombie pasts in the themed shopping malls of Dubai

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      Authors: Paul O’Connor
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Memory invariably involves sifting and sorting historical traces and reassembling them into societal representations of the past. Usually this has been done by social groups of different kinds or the cultural institutions associated with them, and has provided materials for the construction and maintenance of group identity. In what I term “spectacular memory,” however, the sifting and sorting of memory traces is performed by commercial and media institutions within a globalized cultural framework to create spectacles for mass consumption. Spectacular memory is enabled by the progressive breakdown of Halbwach’s “social frameworks of memory”—the association of memory with face-to-face relations within social groups. In late modern societies, “memory” as a coherent body of representations which is the property of more-or-less bounded social groups has largely devolved into a globalized store of representations curated and diffused through the media, advertising, tourism and entertainment industries. This article uses the example of the history-themed shopping malls of Dubai to characterize this form of memory.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-01-16T05:51:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980211066579
       
  • ‘We thought she was a witch’: Gender, class and whiteness in the
           familial ‘memory archive’

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      Authors: Clare Hemmings
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      ‘We thought she was a witch’ uses my own ‘memory archive’ to give texture to the complex inheritance of gender, class and race that characterises the present. Drawing on interviews, archival data and fictionalisation, the article explores the role of gendered labour in securing dominant understandings of class progress. Starting from stories, my mother and I weave together of the history of 64 Chepstow Road, Newport (where her maternal family lived), I highlight the cost of historiography that does not pay attention to what is written out of family memory. The article draws on existing feminist memory work to flesh out an intersectional approach to the ‘memory archive’ we inherit and introduces the importance of an imaginative approach to the past.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-01-16T05:48:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980211066578
       
  • Afro-Germans, multidirectional memory and French colonial aphasia: The
           legacy of the First World War in Galadio by Didier Daeninckx

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      Authors: Anna Branach-Kallas
      Abstract: Memory Studies, Ahead of Print.
      This article offers an analysis of mnemonic traces in Galadio, Didier Daeninckx’s 2010 novel. I demonstrate that by fictionalizing the history of the persecution of Afro-Germans under National Socialism, the novel exposes antiblackness as a neglected phenomenon of the Third Reich. Synchronously, applying Michael Rothberg’s theoretical framework, the article discusses the dialogue between Jewish and Afro-German legacies of violence in the novel, as well as the intricate relation between colony, camp and what Paul Gilroy defines as camp mentality. Furthermore, I argue that Daeninckx engages with French colonial aphasia: in my interpretation, his oblique approach to the French imperial past conveys its simultaneous presence and absence, which is key to disabled memory. Finally, I focus on the ethics of commemoration in Galadio, which claims space for black soldiers in French collective memory of the two world wars, yet at the same time challenges imperial loyalties and homogeneous approaches to French national identity.
      Citation: Memory Studies
      PubDate: 2022-01-16T05:46:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/17506980211066577
       
 
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