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  Subjects -> ANTHROPOLOGY (Total: 398 journals)
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Social Science Information
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.195
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0539-0184 - ISSN (Online) 1461-7412
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1174 journals]
  • Melvin Pollner’s radically reflexive ethnomethodology in historical
           context

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      Authors: Dimitri Ginev
      Pages: 8 - 29
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Volume 61, Issue 1, Page 8-29, March 2022.
      The article explores in a historical context Melvin Pollner’s way of integrating radical reflexivity in ethnomethodology. It is argued that a kind of double hermeneutic should prompt and assist this integration. The implementation of the double hermeneutic discloses a problematic that goes beyond Pollner’s program. It is a problematic that concerns the unintended effects and the unexpected consequences in members’ ongoing construction of local orders. The emergence of such effects and consequences is assigned to configured social practices capable of transcending members’ situated actions and activities. The way in which configured social practices avoid members’ control and regulation is not to be confused with a sort of ‘hidden collective intentionality’ that diverges from members’ apparent intentionality. In order to spell out the nexus of radical reflexivity and double hermeneutic, the article makes use of the ontological difference between the facticity of members’ interpretive-practical mode of being-in-the-world and the factuality of the manifolds of indexicalities resulting from the documentary description of members’ production of lived orders. Facticity is addressed in terms of interplay of practices and possibilities. This interplay is also the terrain on which unintended effects and unexpected consequences come into being.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-03-26T06:17:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184211057030
      Issue No: Vol. 61, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Les bases incarnées de l’institution monétaire

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      Authors: Benjamin Bouguereau, Sacha Bourgeois-Gironde
      Pages: 30 - 53
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Volume 61, Issue 1, Page 30-53, March 2022.
      Money is a fundamental and ubiquitous institution in modern economies. It has the distinctive characteristic of being at the same time a complex social phenomenon and a very easily manipulated object in everyday life. By bringing together works carried out both in cognitive sciences and in philosophy of mind, and while continuing certain classical authors’ ideas, this article proposes to conceive money as a cognitive institution whose study would anchor in the paradigm of embodied cognition and extended cognition. Including the study of this artefact into embodied cognition and extended cognition would imply a refusal of any cerebrocentrism, and more broadly, to approach its multiple facets such as its affective dimension in relation to the embodiment of value. Moreover, presenting money as a cognitive institution would mean not only that it would be an extension of certain cognitive processes but also a condition of possibility for others. The cognitive processes in question relate to the objectivation of value in a market society, in order to orient the desire of agents and to the structuring of certain inter-individual actions.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-03-26T06:17:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221081614
      Issue No: Vol. 61, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Women’s perspectives on career successes and barriers: A qualitative
           meta-synthesis

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      Authors: Effat Borna, Hossein Afrasiabi, Ahmad Kalateh Sadati, Wendy Gifford
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      Despite scholarly debate on the topic of success, how women define career success remains unclear. For many decades, research on the concept of success has largely used quantitative methods to assess the external aspects of success in a male-dominated culture. Using a total of 18 articles from 1999 to 2020, this qualitative meta-synthesis aims to gain detailed insights into women’s definitions of career success and to capture their perspectives on the barriers they face. A systematic search was conducted across four databases: Sociological Abstracts, SocINDEX, SCOPUS, and Google Scholar. This study is novel in that it is the first synthesized research that qualitatively studies the concept of career success. From this review, three distinct themes regarding women’s definition of career success emerged: (1) having support, (2) having accomplishments, and (3) feeling belonging. This article also establishes three themes regarding the obstacles to women’s career path toward success: (1) work–family/work–life imbalance, (2) gender bias/gender discrimination, and (3) the lack of mentors and role models. In contrast to previous research, the findings of this qualitative meta-synthesis indicate that while women define career success individually, they acknowledge that the professional objective aspects of success are important or even central to them in their life. The limitations of the study are noted, and the implications and future research directions are discussed.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-08-05T09:21:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221113735
       
  • Fringe nobles and boundary maintenance: An exploration

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      Authors: Tim Winzler
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores a sub-group of elites at the border to non-elites that I shall call fringe nobles. It develops the theoretical interest in this group, understood as a structural ideal-type. It then fleshes out the characteristics of it with the help of historical examples of relational studies of fringe nobles before complementing this with a case-study on study motivation of German fringe noble economics students. The habitus of this group is characterized by a taste for purification and field-specific extreme positions – in the field of contemporary economics, this seems expressed by the likely uptake of an ultraliberal position. The article then goes on to explore the links of this position-taking with a specific feeling of threat before turning to the position-taking of fringe noble economists in the field of politics. The article concludes with a plea for a sociology of fringe nobles by formulating further empirical and theoretical questions.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-08-03T09:47:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221114006
       
  • Rethinking early Soviet nationality policies within the poststructuralist
           context: Marxist legacy, Soviet nation-building, and contingency

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      Authors: Deniz Dinç
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      Early Soviet nationality policies determined the framework of the ethnicity regime of the Soviet state and largely continued within the same context until the collapse of the Soviet state. While reevaluating early nationality policies, this study argues that structural analysis is not sufficient to understand the social reality of the nationality policies in the Soviet context. Hence, there is an urgent need to add the conditional, unclear and unpredictable aspects to the structural analysis of Soviet nationality policies. By analyzing through the amorphous nationality legacy of the classical Marxist thought, which highly affected the contingent Bolshevik nationality policy orientation, this study shares the concept of Soviet nation-building against the conventional Cold War approach. While analyzing the foundational dynamics of the early Soviet nationality policies, this study attempts to further improve structural analysis through poststructuralist intervention taking into account contingent case study examples.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-07-27T11:42:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221112596
       
  • On the material supports of subjectivity: Mead, the self, and the new
           mastery of nature

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      Authors: Fabrício Cardoso de Mello
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      The pragmatism of George Herbert Mead has been fundamental to the sociological understanding of the self. However, the complexity of his work is largely unrecognized in the discipline. This mainly affects the way in which Mead intertwined discursivity with the materiality of experience in his conception of human subjectivity. Through a metatheoretical analysis, the present article proposes a straightforward approximation between Mead’s theories of the self and the act to contemplate the incidence of processes encompassed by the latter upon the former. Based on this movement, and after a dialogue with Francis Chateauraynaud’s pragmatic sociology, the article suggests a new Meadian-inspired sociological alternative to the concept of self, attentive to its material dimension and centered on the concepts of outer and inner grasps. The current discussion about the ontological politics in the context of a new mastery of nature allows for an empirical exercise of the argument.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-07-16T08:50:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221109772
       
  • Where does money come from' The dual circuit of money creation

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      Authors: Barbara Kuchler
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      The workings of monetary systems have been controversially discussed. Mainstream economists assert that money creation is a ‘top down’ process governed by centralized monetary policy decisions (central banks => banks => customers), while heterodox economists emphasize ‘bottom up’ dynamics in the opposite direction, driven by customers’ demand for credit. The article draws on sociological insights into the complementarity of formal and informal structures to show how this paradigmatic alternative can be read as a real structural dualism, with two conflicting but complementary chains of influence and initiative. It suggests a ‘dual circuit’ of money creation, with a formal ‘top down’ chain inscribed in institutional competencies, clearing and control mechanisms, and an informal ‘bottom up’ chain emerging spontaneously from everyday maneuvers and pragmatic accommodations by participants. Both chains are contradictory in theory but compatible in practice. This dualistic solution cannot be officially acknowledged, but it is highly viable and apt to operate under complex, uncertain, and variable conditions.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-07-06T06:07:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221107319
       
  • Can social media data be freely used' Participants’ ethical
           perceptions toward using their social media data in research

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      Authors: Yi Chen, Si Li, Ruoxuan He
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      In the big data environment, various systems and platforms have provided billions of data points to researchers. The large amount of user data on social media platforms has become a source for research data for many kinds of research. However, few scholars realize the ethical risks in the collection and utilization of social media data, and many ignore the ethical needs of users themselves. Users’ concerns should be considered when formulating ethical guidelines. This study takes Sina Microblog (the world’s largest Chinese social media platform) users as the research subject, hoping to provide data from Chinese users and provide evidence for differences in users’ ethical perceptions in different cultural contexts. Within our survey sample, few users had previously known that their microblogs could be collected and used by researchers, and the majority believed that researchers should not use their microblogs without consent. We also found differences in cognition regarding ethical issues in social media data research across groups.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-06-13T10:40:07Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221101972
       
  • Editorial

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      First page: 3
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-03-14T08:07:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221082912
       
  • Dimitri Ginev (1956–2021)

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      Authors: Babette Babich
      First page: 5
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-03-18T12:40:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221083055
       
  • On situational analysis and the explanatory power of mechanisms:
           Analytical sociology and the deductive-nomological model

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      Authors: Francesco Di Iorio, Enzo Di Nuoscio
      First page: 54
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      According to the dominant view, analytical sociology is largely incompatible with the deductive-nomological model because the latter allows neither accurate and precise explanations, nor explanations that give individuals and their actions a privileged role. This view neglects two relevant facts about the deductive-nomological model as understood by Hempel and Popper and some of their precursors such as J.S. Mill and Weber. The first is the relationship between this model, situational analysis, and the use of probabilistic laws in explanation. The second is that, from the standpoint of the deductive-nomological theory, it is possible to make sense of social mechanisms in terms of Weber’s ideal–typical models. Like these models, mechanisms are functional for the development of concrete empirical sociological hypotheses that, without covering generalizations, lack explanatory power.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-02-25T12:54:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221078737
       
  • Adjunct rather than alternative in global governance: An examination of
           BRICS as an international bloc through the perception of its members

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      Authors: Aireen Grace T. Andal, Ksenia G. Muratshina
      First page: 77
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      This article is aimed at the analysis of the perceptions of BRICS member states – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – on the role of BRICS as an actor in international politics. While numerous analyses of BRICS have already been provided, little attention has been given to the deliberate self-presentation of the group per country. As such, this work examines whether these countries themselves perceive the BRICS as a political body that offers an alternative to the Western political imaginary. The focus is on how the BRICS member states construct meanings of what BRICS is and put these perspectives into dialogue with each other. Through a critical discourse analysis, this work takes the official documents released by BRICS countries (e.g. texts and speeches) and examines how these documents reflect each BRICS country’s perception of BRICS as a group. Findings show that despite BRICS’ unified agenda and plans of action, considerable heterogeneity persists in the perceptions of each BRICS member country concerning the role of BRICS in the international community. The shared vision of the BRICS members remains reflective of the Western framework. However, while the BRICS bloc may not offer a full-fledged alternative politics to that of the West, it still offers an alternative reading of contemporary international politics. Considering also its current state as a group-in-progress, BRICS is significant for its adjunct role in global governance, not least through the differences between the countries and the uncertainty of its future, challenging how to examine historical transitions.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-01-27T09:45:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184211068012
       
  • The neoliberal transformation of academia–industry relationships in
           India: A critical assessment

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      Authors: P Omkar Nadh
      First page: 100
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      The nature of commercial interaction between academia and industry in India has transformed over time. This transformation is a result of several macro changes in the political-economic sphere. Dividing the postindependent Indian history into three different time periods, this article argues that the nature of interaction between 1947 and 1991 – the period after Independence and before economic liberalization – is of a different kind compared to the nature of interaction after liberalization. It is further argued that the interaction before economic liberalization is more of demand-driven in nature, while the one after liberalization is neoliberal in character. This neoliberal characterization is because of the implementation of supply-side measures such as oversupply of patents with a disproportionately lower demand, focus on entrepreneurship, and replacement of the academic value system with corporate value system. The neoliberal period is in turn characterized as conquest of innovation period and coercive innovation period. While the changes during the conquest of innovation period reflect the implementation of supply-side measures, the coercive innovation period depicts the normalization of this process through coercive measures.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-02-12T12:06:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184211073064
       
  • A theoretical framework for explaining the paradox of university rankings

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      Authors: Tuukka Kaidesoja
      First page: 128
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      University rankings have led to the following paradox. On one hand, global and national university rankings have an increasing impact on scientific research and higher education. On the other hand, a growing number of researchers have argued that university rankings are biased and methodologically flawed as well as documented their unintended consequences that are counterproductive to education and research activities in universities. In this article, I combine sociological and cognitive perspectives to develop a theoretical framework for explaining this paradox. The theoretical framework has four interrelated parts. The first is a distinction between three temporal stages through which university rankings commensurate universities. The second consists of an account of the social mechanisms through which university rankings generate reactive outcomes that tend to transform universities instead of just measuring their quality. The third is a league table metaphor that links the conceptual domain of team sports and the conceptual domain of universities and, I argue, provides a cognitive mechanism that shapes how many extra-academic actors, such as prospective students and policymakers, understand the results of university rankings. The fourth focuses on the affordances of the published league tables of university rankings that many extra-academic actors use for outsourcing part of their decision-making to the league tables. As a whole, this framework allows us to understand how the interrelated and materially mediated actions of different groups of actors give rise to and sustain the paradox of university rankings.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-03-09T12:58:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221079470
       
  • Random grant allocation from the researchers’ perspective: Introducing
           the distinction into legitimate and illegitimate problems in Bourdieu’s
           field theory

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      Authors: Eva Barlösius, Axel Philipps
      First page: 154
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      Discussions about funding research grants by lottery have centered on weighing the pros and cons of peer review, but this focus does not fully account for how an idea comes across in the field of science to those researchers directly dependent on research funding. Not only do researchers have personal perspectives, but they are also shaped by their experiences and the positions they occupy in the field of science. Applying Bourdieu’s field theory, the authors explore the question of which field-specific problems and conflicts scientists identify and for which they could imagine using a grant lottery in the allocation of research funding. Under what conditions does such a solution, which is external to the field of science, seem justified to them' The results show that different areas of application are conceivable for a lottery mechanism in the field of science but that its use seems justifiable only for legitimate field-specific quandaries.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-02-23T12:26:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221076627
       
  • Is interdisciplinarity distinctive' Scientific collaborations through
           research projects in natural sciences

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      Authors: Pierre Benz, Thierry Rossier
      First page: 179
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      This article focuses on (inter)disciplinary collaborations through the co-application to research projects funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation, the main provider of research funding in Switzerland. We suggest that interdisciplinarity is a potential mode of distinction and that its frequency and the disciplines involved may be associated with specific configurations of scientific, institutional, international, extra-academic, and network resources. We rely on biographical data on all biology and chemistry professors in Switzerland in 2000 (n = 342), including all their funding from the Swiss National Science Foundation. In a first step, we highlight the role of the resources mentioned previously in structuring the symbolic hierarchy of disciplines using multiple correspondence analysis. In a second step, we look at how interdisciplinarity fits into these structures based on an opposition between international and institutional resources and on the unequal distribution of scientific (and social) capital. We show that these interdisciplinary logics of social distinction differ across the two disciplines. On the one hand, collaborations with biologists seem to help chemists reaching dominant positions in the academic field, while their degree of internationality is associated with interdisciplinary collaborations. On the other hand, the biologists who are the most endowed with symbolic capital are more likely to collaborate with the medical sciences.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-02-26T05:53:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221077787
       
 
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