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  Subjects -> ANTHROPOLOGY (Total: 398 journals)
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Social Science Information
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.195
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0539-0184 - ISSN (Online) 1461-7412
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1176 journals]
  • Are evaluative bibliometrics neoliberal' A historical and theoretical
           problematization

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      Authors: Björn Hammarfelt, Olof Hallonsten
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      In this article, we problematize the notion that the continuously growing use of bibliometric evaluation can be effectively explained by ‘neoliberal’ ideology. A prerequisite for our analysis is an understanding of neoliberalism as both denoting a more limited set of concrete principles for the organization of society (the narrow interpretation) or as a hegemonic ideology (the broad interpretation). This conceptual framework, as well as brief history of evaluative bibliometrics, provides an analytical framing for our approach, in which four national research evaluation systems are compared: Norway, Russia, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. On basis of an analysis of the rationales for implementing these systems, as well as their specific design, we discuss the existence or non-existence of neoliberal motivations and rationales. Overall, we find that a relatively homogeneous academic landscape, with a high degree of centralization and government steering, appears to be a common feature for countries implementing national evaluation systems relying on bibliometrics. Such characteristics, we argue, may not be inductively understood as neoliberal but as indications of national states displaying strong political steering of its research system. Consequently, if used without further clarification, ‘neoliberalism’ is a concept too broad and diluted to be useful when analyzing the development of research evaluation and bibliometric measures in the past half a century.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2023-02-28T06:59:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184231158195
       
  • Who is to blame' Evaluations in academia spreading through
           relationships among multiple actor types

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      Authors: Lars Engwall, Peter Edlund, Linda Wedlin
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      We draw on a general model of the governance of organizations to analyze the dynamics among various actor types given the present ubiquity of evaluations in and around universities. Regulators demand evaluations to assess the return on taxpayers’ money. Market actors, particularly publishers of academic journals, promote different metrics, including citation scores and impact factors. Scrutinizers, such as media companies, professions, auditors, and nongovernmental organizations, create further evaluations by developing university rankings, accounting systems, and investigative reports. There are also initiatives for evaluations inside universities: vice chancellors, department heads, and other academic leaders launch voluntary internal assessments, and researchers assist regulators, market actors, and scrutinizers throughout their evaluations. We conclude that multiple actors are responsible for the current evaluation regime in academia, and that none of them is responsible alone. Rather, it is in the dynamic relationships among actors at different levels that we find the strongest processes driving a seemingly ever-increasing number of evaluations in contemporary academia.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2023-02-08T05:14:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221146476
       
  • The gaming of citation and authorship in academic journals: a warning from
           medicine

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      Authors: Stuart Macdonald
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      The use of quantitative performance indicators to measure quality in academic publishing has undercut peer review’s qualitative assessment of articles submitted to journals. The two might have co-existed quite amicably were the most common indicator, citation, on which the journal impact factor is based, not been so susceptible to gaming. Gaming of citations is ubiquitous in academic publishing and referees are powerless to prevent it. The article gives some indication of how the citation game is played. It then moves on from academic publishing in general to look at academic publishing in medicine, a discipline in which authorship is also gamed. Many authors in medicine have made no meaningful contribution to the article that bears their names, and those who have contributed most are often not named as authors. Author slots are openly bought and sold. The problem is magnified by the academic publishing industry and by academic institutions, pleased to pretend that peer review is safeguarding scholarship. In complete contrast, the editors of medicine’s leading journals are scathing about just how ineffectual is peer review in medicine. Other disciplines should take note lest they fall into the mire in which medicine is sinking.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2023-02-08T05:12:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221142218
       
  • Introduction to special section: Causes and consequences of the current
           evaluation regime in (academic) science

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      Authors: Olof Hallonsten
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      Evaluation is ubiquitous in current (academic) science, to the extent that it is relevant to talk about an evaluation regime. How did it become this way' And what does it mean for scientists, groups, organizations, and fields' Picking up on the inspiring debate in a previous issue of this journal, four articles in this special section go deeper in studying the causes and consequences of the current evaluation regime in (academic) science, contributing with new insight as well as opening important new routes for further investigation. This introductory essay provides a background and framework to the special section and points out some key takeaways from the articles included.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2023-02-01T12:52:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184231151610
       
  • Endogeneity and qualitative political analysis: Debates about method or
           debates about ontology'

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      Authors: Hudson Meadwell
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      Qualitative political analysis has made substantial methodological progress in the last 25 years. This article examines the contributions to this progress made by the work of three American social scientists (King, Keohane, and Verba, 2021 [1994], hereafter KKV) and the responses that their work provoked. The article identifies a recurring ambiguity in this methodological literature. In the quantitative tradition to which KKV want to hold qualitative methods endogeneity is a methodological problem that induces a search for methodological workarounds. Yet in qualitative work, endogeneity is often more a basic feature of the social and political world that needs to be modeled directly. While there can be substantial theoretical differences in how these features are modeled, the presumption is that endogeneity is more an ontological claim than a methodological problem. The article identifies how this ambiguity first arises in the work of KKV and then traces out the implications through a discussion of a range of methodological options, from process tracing to instrumental variables.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-12-05T09:29:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221138493
       
  • Women’s bodies and lives as symbols of patriarchal codes: Honor
           killings

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      Authors: Yasmine Loza
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      Violence(s) imposed on non-western women during aggressive ritualized occurrences and, in the hereafter, meta-analysis of pain inflicted upon women is discussed particularly in the domain of honor crimes. Representational languages framing trauma in global discourses of naming and human rights are scrutinized, asserting that women’s perspectives must be centric to the discussion. Orientalist frames and control over women as symbols of honor and patriarchal codes maintain tensions of dichotomies between modernity and tradition and cultural relativism. These are thus challenged by emphasizing women’s burdens – as situated individuals – of multi-layered struggles which unfold from purporting to depict women’s realities. The naturalization of women’s suffering is further amplified when constrained within a one-dimensional representation claimed by regional and global injustice. This article contributes to critical feminist interventions in spaces representing women’s realities in a process which deconstructs and diverts the post of modernity and colonialism toward equality and dialogue across socio-political racial and gendered markers.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-10-12T10:13:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221129227
       
  • Where does money come from' The dual circuit of money creation

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      Authors: Barbara Kuchler
      First page: 217
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      The workings of monetary systems have been controversially discussed. Mainstream economists assert that money creation is a ‘top down’ process governed by centralized monetary policy decisions (central banks => banks => customers), while heterodox economists emphasize ‘bottom up’ dynamics in the opposite direction, driven by customers’ demand for credit. The article draws on sociological insights into the complementarity of formal and informal structures to show how this paradigmatic alternative can be read as a real structural dualism, with two conflicting but complementary chains of influence and initiative. It suggests a ‘dual circuit’ of money creation, with a formal ‘top down’ chain inscribed in institutional competencies, clearing and control mechanisms, and an informal ‘bottom up’ chain emerging spontaneously from everyday maneuvers and pragmatic accommodations by participants. Both chains are contradictory in theory but compatible in practice. This dualistic solution cannot be officially acknowledged, but it is highly viable and apt to operate under complex, uncertain, and variable conditions.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-07-06T06:07:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221107319
       
  • On the material supports of subjectivity: Mead, the self, and the new
           mastery of nature

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      Authors: Fabrício Cardoso de Mello
      First page: 245
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      The pragmatism of George Herbert Mead has been fundamental to the sociological understanding of the self. However, the complexity of his work is largely unrecognized in the discipline. This mainly affects the way in which Mead intertwined discursivity with the materiality of experience in his conception of human subjectivity. Through a metatheoretical analysis, the present article proposes a straightforward approximation between Mead’s theories of the self and the act to contemplate the incidence of processes encompassed by the latter upon the former. Based on this movement, and after a dialogue with Francis Chateauraynaud’s pragmatic sociology, the article suggests a new Meadian-inspired sociological alternative to the concept of self, attentive to its material dimension and centered on the concepts of outer and inner grasps. The current discussion about the ontological politics in the context of a new mastery of nature allows for an empirical exercise of the argument.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-07-16T08:50:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221109772
       
  • Rethinking early Soviet nationality policies within the poststructuralist
           context: Marxist legacy, Soviet nation-building, and contingency

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      Authors: Deniz Dinç
      First page: 271
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      Early Soviet nationality policies determined the framework of the ethnicity regime of the Soviet state and largely continued within the same context until the collapse of the Soviet state. While reevaluating early nationality policies, this study argues that structural analysis is not sufficient to understand the social reality of the nationality policies in the Soviet context. Hence, there is an urgent need to add the conditional, unclear and unpredictable aspects to the structural analysis of Soviet nationality policies. By analyzing through the amorphous nationality legacy of the classical Marxist thought, which highly affected the contingent Bolshevik nationality policy orientation, this study shares the concept of Soviet nation-building against the conventional Cold War approach. While analyzing the foundational dynamics of the early Soviet nationality policies, this study attempts to further improve structural analysis through poststructuralist intervention taking into account contingent case study examples.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-07-27T11:42:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221112596
       
  • Can social media data be freely used' Participants’ ethical
           perceptions toward using their social media data in research

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      Authors: Yi Chen, Si Li, Ruoxuan He
      First page: 297
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      In the big data environment, various systems and platforms have provided billions of data points to researchers. The large amount of user data on social media platforms has become a source for research data for many kinds of research. However, few scholars realize the ethical risks in the collection and utilization of social media data, and many ignore the ethical needs of users themselves. Users’ concerns should be considered when formulating ethical guidelines. This study takes Sina Microblog (the world’s largest Chinese social media platform) users as the research subject, hoping to provide data from Chinese users and provide evidence for differences in users’ ethical perceptions in different cultural contexts. Within our survey sample, few users had previously known that their microblogs could be collected and used by researchers, and the majority believed that researchers should not use their microblogs without consent. We also found differences in cognition regarding ethical issues in social media data research across groups.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-06-13T10:40:07Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221101972
       
  • Women’s perspectives on career successes and barriers: A qualitative
           meta-synthesis

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      Authors: Effat Borna, Hossein Afrasiabi, Ahmad Kalateh Sadati, Wendy Gifford
      First page: 318
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      Despite scholarly debate on the topic of success, how women define career success remains unclear. For many decades, research on the concept of success has largely used quantitative methods to assess the external aspects of success in a male-dominated culture. Using a total of 18 articles from 1999 to 2020, this qualitative meta-synthesis aims to gain detailed insights into women’s definitions of career success and to capture their perspectives on the barriers they face. A systematic search was conducted across four databases: Sociological s, SocINDEX, SCOPUS, and Google Scholar. This study is novel in that it is the first synthesized research that qualitatively studies the concept of career success. From this review, three distinct themes regarding women’s definition of career success emerged: (1) having support, (2) having accomplishments, and (3) feeling belonging. This article also establishes three themes regarding the obstacles to women’s career path toward success: (1) work–family/work–life imbalance, (2) gender bias/gender discrimination, and (3) the lack of mentors and role models. In contrast to previous research, the findings of this qualitative meta-synthesis indicate that while women define career success individually, they acknowledge that the professional objective aspects of success are important or even central to them in their life. The limitations of the study are noted, and the implications and future research directions are discussed.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-08-05T09:21:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221113735
       
  • Fringe nobles and boundary maintenance: An exploration

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      Authors: Tim Winzler
      First page: 345
      Abstract: Social Science Information, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores a sub-group of elites at the border to non-elites that I shall call fringe nobles. It develops the theoretical interest in this group, understood as a structural ideal-type. It then fleshes out the characteristics of it with the help of historical examples of relational studies of fringe nobles before complementing this with a case-study on study motivation of German fringe noble economics students. The habitus of this group is characterized by a taste for purification and field-specific extreme positions – in the field of contemporary economics, this seems expressed by the likely uptake of an ultraliberal position. The article then goes on to explore the links of this position-taking with a specific feeling of threat before turning to the position-taking of fringe noble economists in the field of politics. The article concludes with a plea for a sociology of fringe nobles by formulating further empirical and theoretical questions.
      Citation: Social Science Information
      PubDate: 2022-08-03T09:47:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/05390184221114006
       
 
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