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  Subjects -> GEOGRAPHY (Total: 493 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 277 Journals sorted by number of followers
Geophysical Research Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 179)
Journal of Geophysical Research : Space Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 157)
Journal of Geophysical Research : Atmospheres     Partially Free   (Followers: 144)
Journal of Geophysical Research : Planets     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 136)
Remote Sensing of Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 96)
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Journal of Geophysical Research : Earth Surface     Partially Free   (Followers: 60)
Journal of Geophysical Research : Oceans     Partially Free   (Followers: 60)
Progress in Human Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Journal of Geophysical Research : Solid Earth     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
International Journal of Geographical Information Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
GIScience & Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 54)
Journal of Water and Climate Change     Open Access   (Followers: 53)
Climate Change Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Reviews of Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
Remote Sensing Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Annals of the American Association of Geographers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Applied Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Urban Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Geophysical Research : Biogeosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Climate and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Journal of Coastal Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Annals of GIS     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Cartography and Geographic Information Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
GPS Solutions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of the Middle East and Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Urban Research & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Dialogues in Human Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Imago Mundi: The International Journal for the History of Cartography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT)     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Water International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of the American Planning Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Cultural Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Geography Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Professional Geographer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cartographica : The International Journal for Geographic Information and Geovisualization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
The Geographical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Geology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Crossings : Journal of Migration & Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Tectonics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Geographic Information System     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Geographical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Buildings & Landscapes: Journal of the Vernacular Architecture Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Indigenous Policy Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Progress in Physical Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin of Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Human Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Geographical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Geographical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Soil Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Geosciences Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
GeoJournal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Spatial Research and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cartographic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions (AMTD)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Borderlands Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geography and Natural Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Physical Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Natural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Iberian and Latin American Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Middle East Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geo-spatial Information Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Nordic Journal of Migration Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Social Geography Discussions (SGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Applied Geospatial Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Latin American Geography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Urban History Review / Revue d'histoire urbaine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
GeoInformatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Northern Scotland     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Geographical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asia Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australian Geographer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Ocean Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Maps     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
The Canadian Geographer/le Geographe Canadien     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Map & Geography Libraries     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Research in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Creativity Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Australian Antarctic Magazine     Free   (Followers: 5)
Focus on Geography     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Asian Geographer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Australian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geografiska Annaler, Series A : Physical Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Sedimentary Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Globe, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Latinoamérica. Revista de estudios Latinoamericanos     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Transmodernity : Journal of Peripheral Cultural Production of the Luso-Hispanic World     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Interaction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Western Archives     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Limnological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Lithosphere     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Southeastern Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
New Zealand Journal of Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Image and Data Fusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Économie rurale     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Polar Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
South Asian Diaspora     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Burma Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Social Dynamics: A journal of African studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
All Earth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Pastoralism : Research, Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Maine Policy Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
The South Asianist     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Provincial China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geodesy and Cartography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Polar Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Regional Science Policy & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
History of Geo- and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Mineralogia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eastern European Countryside     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Regions and Cohesion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geosphere     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers franco-canadiens de l'Ouest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Norois     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Standort - Zeitschrift für angewandte Geographie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Polar Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Scottish Geographical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift - Norwegian Journal of Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Southeastern Geographer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Yearbook of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BioRisk     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geographical Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers Balkaniques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Reflets : revue d'intervention sociale et communautaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Études internationales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
GEM - International Journal on Geomathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Recherches sociographiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Terrae Incognitae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geoforum Perspektiv     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Newfoundland and Labrador Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South African Geographical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geochronometria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Amerika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal de la Société des Océanistes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Les Cahiers d'Outre-Mer     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue archéologique du Centre de la France     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Terrestrial Observation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
PRISM : A Journal of Regional Engagement     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Physio-Géo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Méditerranée     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Geografía Norte Grande     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
L'Année du Maghreb     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Countryside     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Norteamérica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Bahamian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Southwest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
PSC Discussion Papers Series     Open Access  
Anales de Geografía de la Universidad Complutense     Open Access  
International Journal of River Basin Management     Hybrid Journal  
Revista Geográfica de América Central     Open Access  
Multiciencias     Open Access  
Investigaciones Geográficas (Esp)     Open Access  
Sociedade & Natureza     Open Access  
Región y Sociedad     Open Access  
Migración y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Migraciones Internacionales     Open Access  
Investigaciones Geográficas     Open Access  
Frontera Norte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Desarrollo Rural     Open Access  
Territoire en Mouvement     Open Access  
Quaestiones Geographicae     Open Access  
Limes. Cultural Regionalistics     Open Access  
GEOMATICA     Hybrid Journal  
Preview     Hybrid Journal  
Cuadernos de Geografía : Revista Colombiana de Geografía     Open Access  
Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai, Geologia     Open Access  
Recherches amérindiennes au Québec     Full-text available via subscription  
Rabaska : revue d'ethnologie de l'Amérique française     Full-text available via subscription  
Port Acadie : revue interdisciplinaire en études acadiennes / Port Acadie: An Interdisciplinary Review in Acadian Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Études/Inuit/Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Aurora Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina     Open Access  
San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science     Open Access  
Journal of Alpine Research : Revue de géographie alpine     Open Access  
Géocarrefour     Open Access  
Confins     Open Access  

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GeoJournal
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.503
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 10  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1572-9893 - ISSN (Online) 0343-2521
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Advancing the mapping of optimal land use structure in industrialized
           areas: incorporating AERMOD modeling and MCE approach

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Land use planning has been mainly implemented based on land capabilities but rarely on land limitations such as air pollution. This study aims to simulate the optimal land use structure by incorporating the air quality into the land use planning process using MCE and MOLA in an industrialized area in Isfahan province, central Iran. To do so, we developed two scenarios as 'with-' and 'without-' considering the air pollution criterion. The optimal land use planning was applied for agricultural, urban, and industrial land uses. PM10 and NOX seasonal (winter) dispersion maps were used as the air pollution criterion which was simulated by AERMOD. We applied the Best Worst Method (BWM) to standardize and weight the physical, ecological, and socio-economic criteria. Accordingly, we used an Ordered Weighted Average (OWA) technique to combine the factors. Assuming 1% (1100 ha) of the land area available for future allocation to each land use, we compared the outcomes of both scenarios revealed a significant difference between the coverage of capable areas. The results of the “with” scenario indicated that approximately 11, 17, and 54% of the area that were, in fact, incapable for agricultural, industrial, and urban developments, respectively. These areas are detected as capable if we leave the air pollution criterion out. The findings demonstrated that to achieve sustainable development, it is necessary to consider dynamic physical land components including air pollution along with ecological, physical, and socio-economic factors.
      PubDate: 2022-08-09
       
  • Is illegal mining socio-politically entrenched' An opinion piece of
           the interaction between formal politics and chief dominance in mineral
           governance, and its influence on fighting Galamsey in Ghana

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      Abstract: Abstract Gold mining has been the backbone of Ghana's development since pre-colonial times. It has been essential in revenue mobilisation and the provision of employment to many people. However, in recent times the sector has received severe public backlash due to its inability to effect appropriate socioeconomic change; and the consequential destruction to forests, croplands and water bodies that has accompanied the livelihood activity. While the need to curb this menace has been hyper-crucial in recent times, these attempts have failed cyclically. This paper argues that the deep-seated linkages between different power actors such as politicians and chiefs/kings are the driving forces thwarting the fight against the menace. Recently, constructive criticisms from the public have rejuvenated the fight against galamsey, however, the modalities of the fight and socio-political power relations have jointly militated against the effectiveness of the fight. It is particularly argued that policymakers should rather take advantage of the evolved nature of the political landscape of Ghana, where politicians sometimes negotiate with chiefs/kings for political expediency during elections. This can be achieved by motivating chiefs/king’s to become principal “galamsey-fighters”. In the meantime, the authors also suggest that the confiscated excavators from the mining sites which are usually burnt should be stopped and rather sold to generate capital for reclaiming the lands.
      PubDate: 2022-08-08
       
  • Time rupture in urban heritage: based on the case of shanghai

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      Abstract: Abstract There is a rupture between the past symbolized by urban heritage and the modernity symbolized by urban development. This paper aims to discuss the urban heritage and its protection from the perspective of time, and puts forward the concept of time rupture. A ‘time rupture’ refers to a fault in the expression of time in urban heritage and a discontinuity of people’s sense of time. Based on a case study of Shanghai’s urban heritage, including Xintiandi, Hailun Road and Old City historical area, this paper finds manifestations of time rupture: the fading of local uniqueness, a discontinuity in the urban landscape and an alienation of the man–land relationship. Using a literature review, discourse analysis and on-site observation, this research reveals the specific problems of urban heritage protection in Shanghai. After reflection and discussion on the concept of time rupture, this paper argues that time rupture provides new possibilities for urban heritage and inspiration for urban weaving, which are concluded based on forms of past, narration timeline and heritage images.
      PubDate: 2022-08-08
       
  • An evaluation of primary schools and its accessibility using GIS
           techniques: a case study of Prayagraj district, India

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      Abstract: Abstract The spatial analysis of primary schools is needed to ensure that they meet standards set by the Government of India. Therefore, mapping of Prayagraj district primary schools is carried out in this research work. The spatial analysis of schools is performed using various parameters that include: literacy rate, student gender ratio, teacher taught ratio, and students’ toilets ratio. Several problems were revealed in the GIS based analysis of schools by highlighting their locations on the map. The results identify the location of all those schools where there is a need to take corrective measures. Further, the route analysis between home and school is handled in this research work. Sometimes, commutation is the sole criteria in the selection of a school. Therefore, optimal path analysis has been performed based on three parameters, i.e. population density, traveling distance and traveling time. A combined weight function is also given to find the optimal path. This work will help people to select the best possible path based upon their requirements. There is often a requirement to reach all the schools to distribute the goods or other physical monitoring activities. This work gave the optimal route to visit all the schools by using the Travelling Salesman Problem (TSP). School accessibility results obtained in this research through TSP will assist in choosing the best possible route. This will help the government identify locations where new roads need to be constructed to have road connectivity.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
       
  • Iran's new geopolitics: heartland of the world’s corridors

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      Abstract: Abstract Iran is located in a unique geographical position, acting as a bridge among Africa, Europe and Asia, connecting India and Russia in the north–south corridor; connecting Asia and Europe in the East–West corridor; connecting Central Asia, the Caucasus, Turkey and Western Europe in the TRACECA Corridor; connecting Southeast Asia to northwestern Europe in the South Asian Corridor; the link among ECO members as well as Central Asian countries to the high seas and the Persian Gulf is formalized in the Ashgabat agreement. In fact, Iran has been identified as one of the most central geographical nodal points in the world, playing a combination of geopolitical, geo-economic and geo-transit roles in Southwest Asia. The main focal point of the present article is the systematic study of Iran’s role in international corridors. This is done from a geopolitical perspective and since research in this area is relatively recent we are submitting this analysis as a starting point for a wider discussion about Iran’s role in the new world order which is central to recent studies of the country.
      PubDate: 2022-08-06
       
  • Typology of urban theories in expressing the concept of urbanization

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      Abstract: Abstract Urbanization has been vastly studied in the theoretical literature related to the fields of urban studies. Different approaches to urban theories—from critical urban theory to the Los Angeles school, from the postcolonial to the planetary approach—offer various definitions of the concept of urbanization based on distinct ontologies, epistemologies, and methodologies. The various readings of the concept of urbanization among the approaches related to the urban theories would benefit from an extensive analysis through a holistic stance, which is the aim of this study. First, we attempt to put forward a typology of the concept of urbanization by reviewing the various approaches related to prominent urban theories and categorizing them. In so doing, we find that the approaches are essentially focused on three main categories or types: static, dynamic and alternative. Next, the paper presents the case study of Iran and tries to trace the categories to understand the ways in which urbanization is expressed and perceived in the country. To this aim, and to determine the main themes, we use thematic analysis to study official documents—texts and legislations—and also to conduct in-depth interviews with expert individuals. Findings of the case study indicate that in the context of Iran the urbanization concept has been commonly described as static.
      PubDate: 2022-08-06
       
  • Socioeconomic and infrastructural vulnerability of Indian population: a
           district level study

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      Abstract: Abstract In India, very high disparities exist among different regions, states, and social groups in social, economic, political, and historical factors, leading to differential social vulnerability to disasters. This paper seeks to identify the determinants of social vulnerability in India and the most vulnerable districts using the inductive approach at the district level. The study attempts to assess the regional differences in social vulnerability across districts of India, and it also related these differences to the size of the states. For a better and in-depth understanding of social vulnerability, it has been divided into Socioeconomic and Infrastructural vulnerability. The study found that socioeconomic vulnerability is more pronounced than infrastructural vulnerability, and there are significant regional differences in the degree of social vulnerability within the country. ANOVA analysis and spatial autocorrelation techniques signify a concentration of vulnerability in districts belonging to bigger states, especially the "Empowered Action Group" states which are located in India's Central and East Zones. The main determinants of social vulnerability are found to be dependence on the agricultural and allied sector, the proportion of economically and socially dependent population, levels of education and work participation, and access to basic assets and infrastructure. The most vulnerable districts identified in the study are predominantly tribal districts and require effective interventions to reduce their vulnerability. The study can find wide applications in district-level planning and identifying targets for vulnerability reduction.
      PubDate: 2022-08-04
       
  • Prediction of waterlogged zones under heavy rainfall conditions using
           machine learning and GIS tools: a case study of Mumbai

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Flooding is a common phenomenon in the urban areas located close to the seacoast. In India, there is a recurrence of floods in the coastal cities of Mumbai and Chennai. In this study, we have tried to predict the flood occurrence in Mumbai using various machine learning techniques such as Logistic Regression, Support Vector Machines, K-Nearest Neighbour, Random Forest and Gradient Boosting methods. Historical flooding events and the value of flood contributing factors are used as inputs for the model. These input data are converted to raster layers with help of GIS tools. Our dependent variable would be a one-hot encoded vector stating whether or not it was flooded with those conditions. We have also tried to incorporate feature importance in our model. The training testing accuracy is the highest for K-Nearest Neighbour (KNN = 84%) and is followed by Random Forest Classification (RF = 81%). Using our model, we have identified the flood locations in Mumbai for August-2020 and found that out of 313 flood locations, KNN was able to correctly identify 133 flood locations whereas Random Forest Model identified 157 locations correctly. For better after-effects of flood forecast models, similar to hybridization, information deterioration, calculation group, and model streamlining are represented as the best methods for the improvement of ML procedures. Thus, our model can be used for the prediction of the locations where the chances of flood occurrence are highly likely and can accordingly plan for flood mitigation and relief measures.
      PubDate: 2022-08-04
       
  • The hydropolitics of Upper Karabakh, with emphasis on the border conflicts
           and wars between Azerbaijan and Armenia

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      Abstract: Abstract Upper Karabakh region has become a permanent point of conflict between the Republic of Azerbaijan and Armenia with the weakening and collapse of the Russian Empire in the early twentieth century and the formation of new borders, especially during the Soviet era. With the appearance of signs of the collapse of the Soviet Union in the late 1980s, the Armenians of Upper Karabakh expressed their desire to join Armenia and renounce the citizenship of the independent Republic of Azerbaijan. This conflict resulting from the collapse of the Soviet Union has led to two periods of war between the Republic of Azerbaijan and Armenia. In these wars, parts of the mountainous lands of Karabakh, which are the source of parts of the waters of Upper Karabakh, the Republic of Azerbaijan and Armenia, have also been handed over. Karabakh's water resources have always been emphasized by officials on both sides, and this shows the hydropolitical importance of Upper Karabakh and its surrounding districts. In this article in a descriptive-analytical way, by studying the situation of water resources and structures in the region, the hydropolitics of Upper Karabakh is studied with emphasis on the results of the mentioned conflicts and wars.
      PubDate: 2022-08-04
       
  • Assessing the urban sustainability of the slum settlements in the hill
           resorts of India: a case study of Darjeeling town

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      Abstract: Abstract The urban population of India is expected to reach 416 million by 2050. As more and more people shift from rural to urban areas, the urban centers will be facing serious sustainability challenges to meet the requirements of ever increasing population. One of the key problem areas will be the shortages of the affordable housings for the urban poor and the growth of slums. However, these slums are important component of urban ecosystem as they not only provide affordable shelters to the urban poor but also supply the urban area with its cheap labour force, therefore slums and slum dwellers should be treated as an integral part of urban ecosystem and should be included in the policy frameworks to make urban areas more inclusive and sustainable. This paper examines the sustainability of urban development through livelihood indicators of the slum dwellers of Darjeeling town. This empirical study was carried out in 8 different slum pockets of the town. The data was collected through questionnaires and were subsequently analyzed. The results shows that the slum pockets of Darjeeling town have higher literacy rates (including female literacy rate) as compared to both the national and the state averages, yet its performance in other livelihood indicators is very dismal. The attainment of the lower educational levels by slum dwellers indicates prevalence of very high dropout rates within the community. The slum dwellers face serious levels of deprivation as related to wellbeing indicator and environmental hygiene indicator in regard to access of safe drinking water and sanitation facilities respectively. The slum dwellers of Darjeeling town are forced to live in overcrowded substandard housing conditions with almost no municipal services and are situated on steep slopes which are often prone to the natural disasters. The mixed performance of the slum pockets in regard to the livelihood indicators suggests that the town of Darjeeling has been experiencing unbalanced growth in terms of sustainable development. Therefore a more holistic approach in policy framing is needed to address such multi-faceted problems.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
       
  • The effect of climate change on food insecurity in the Horn of Africa

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      Abstract: Abstract The Horn of Africa is the most food insecure region in the world. More than 40 percent of the population in the region is malnourished. This study aims to examine the effects of climate change on food insecurity using panel data from the Horn of Africa. The GMM estimator of the dynamic panel model was used to analyze the impact of climate change. The study findings show that food insecurity in the Horn of Africa is adversely affected by temperature. Keeping all other inputs constant, an increasing the mean temperature and carbon dioxide emissions by 1percent results in an increase in food insecurity of 0.357 percent and 0.026 percent, respectively. It was also observed that a 1 percent increase in precipitation resulted in a 0.023 percent decrease in food insecurity. The study results indicate that cereal yield, food production index, and political stability were significant and negatively influenced food insecurity. This study concluded that climate change results in food insecurity in the Horn of Africa, and food availability is expected to be reduced in the region. In order to cope with the adverse consequences of climate change, adopting high-temperature and drought-resistant varieties of improved food crops is advisable to ensure food availability and food security for the region.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
       
  • Pastoralists under threat continuum: quantifying vulnerabilities of
           pastoralists to climate variability in southern Ethiopia

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      Abstract: Abstract Climate variability is emerging as a major threat to Ethiopian pastoralists. Increased vulnerability to climate variability not only wrecked pastoralists' livelihoods but also eroded scarce resource management practices. The objective of this research was to investigate the status of pastoralists' vulnerability to climate variability in the Burkitu watershed in Southern Ethiopia. The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) was used in the study to assess household vulnerability to climate variability through direct household surveys. To select 340 sample respondents, multistage sampling techniques were used. Data on socioeconomic and biophysical attributes were collected and combined into indices, from which vulnerability scores for each watershed unit were calculated. There was some variation in the level of vulnerability across watershed units. The outlet had a higher vulnerability score (0.73) due to the pastoralists' higher level of exposure and low adaptive capacity status. The upper watershed unit was identified as having a lower level of vulnerability with a score of (0.19), whereas the middle watershed unit has an intermediate level of vulnerability (0.44). Therefore, any interventions aimed at improving pastoralists' livelihood resilience should concentrate on addressing characteristics that exacerbate households' exposure to climate variability, thereby increasing adaptive capacities.
      PubDate: 2022-08-02
       
  • Assessment and forecasting of the urban dynamics through lulc based mixed
           model: evidence from Agartala, India

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      Abstract: Abstract The main objective of this paper is to assess the urban expansion by using Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System along with field verification. In recent decades, India has been experienced rapid urbanisation. Agartala is the second largest and fastest growing urban centre in Northeast India. To assess the urban growth through Land Use & Land Cover (LULC) dynamics of Agartala City through Landsat Satellite imageries of four different time periods between 2000 to 2021. The changing scenario of LULC indicates that gradually changing pattern of the city. The LULC of the city has been categorised into five different classes, i.e., agricultural land, built-up area, vegetation cover, fallow land and water body. Time series data has been analysed as well as annual and composite growth rate has been calculated to monitor the changing nature of urban dynamics. Kappa coefficient has been performed for the reliability of changing elements. It has been found that agricultural land, forest area and water bodies converted into the built-up area in Agartala City. The study reveals that the city is expanding maximum towards northsouth direction due to the presence of the airport in the north and National Highway-8 along the periphery of the city in the south. The study also highlights the build-up area forecasting model using the exponential smoothing method in the Agartala City area. The reliability test represents overall accuracy of 89.75%, and Kappa Coefficient is 86%. The study has been forecasted possible future changes in growth patterns of the city as well as the development of sustainable urban land use planning. decisions.
      PubDate: 2022-08-02
       
  • The flight of Icarus: on the geopolitical resonances of documentary film

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper considers how documentary films have the potential to influence geopolitics. Developing the concept of geopolitical resonances—defined here as the ways in which popular media can determine events and outcomes in global politics—the paper argues that Bryan Fogel’s 2017 documentary Icarus has instrumentally shaped understandings of the Russian doping regime at the 2014 Sochi Olympics. Icarus is considered through the Author-Text-Reader model of film analysis, with an emphasis on the agency of the director, the content of the film, and its influence and reception. More broadly, documentaries are one of suite of oppositional formats that serve as the basis for the reconsideration of the formation of geopolitical cultures and narratives.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Doing film geography

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      Abstract: Abstract Film geography as a subdiscipline of cultural and media geography is a long-established field of research that since its emergence more than twenty years ago has diversified into a variety of perspectives. Nowadays, a critical perspective on film is central, which no longer considers the medium merely as a text, but rather as a social practice—a perspective that continues to focus not solely on the meaning of representations, but on what representations do and how they do it. Following Roberts’ (in: Edensor, Kalandides, Kothari (eds) The Routledge handbook of place, Routledge, London, 2020) call for ‘doing film geography,’ this introductory article to the Geojournal Special Issue on Film Geography provides an overview of current trends in the field as well as an overview of the essays included in this collection. In addition to the established film-as-text perspective, we examine the burgeoning research in cinematic cartography, film industry geographies, and videography/documentaries.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Social Well-being, Ethnicity and Regional Development in Mizoram,
           Northeast India

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      Abstract: Abstract Measurement of social well-being among deprived communities is crucial to assess the extent of marginalization and identify their needs for development and planning. In India, Scheduled Tribes are considered as one of the most marginalized and least developed communities. At the same time, their levels of well-being vary from one place to another which is relatively neglected and hardly examined. The present study is an attempt to assess levels of social well-being among tribes in Mizoram, Northeast India. It also examines the relationship between inequality, marginalization and autonomy movement in the state. Principal Component Analysis shows that minority tribes in the remote southern regions have shown relatively lower standard of living. The low level of well-being of ethnic minorities in the south is attributed to the process of peripheralization starting from the colonial period. The homelands of ethnic minorities in Mizoram coincide with the more peripheral, remote and less developed areas which are turning into ‘terrain of struggle’ due to inter-ethnic conflicts. The paper argued that provision of autonomous councils to the southern tribes in the post-Independence period has largely failed to reduce the gap between the dominant tribe in the north and the minority tribes in the south but rather encourages other communities to demand autonomy. Under this circumstances, it is advocated that the approach to decentralization in Northeast India and Mizoram in particular to be shifted from ethnic-based to place-based decentralization with emphasis on local development.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Modelling spatial variations of novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19):
           evidence from a global perspective

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      Abstract: Abstract In late December 2019, strange pneumonia was detected in a seafood market in Wuhan, China which was later termed COVID-19 by the World Health Organization. At present, the virus has spread across 232 countries worldwide killing 2,409,011 as of 17 February 2021 (9:37 CET). Motivated by a recent dataset, knowledge gaps, surge in global cases, and the need to combat the virus spread, this study examined the relationship between COVID-19 confirmed cases and attributable deaths at the global and regional levels. We used a panel of 232 countries (further disaggregated into Africa-49, Americas-54, Eastern Mediterranean-23, Europe-61, Southeast Asia-10, and Western Pacific-35) from 03 January 2020 to 28 November 2020, and the instrumental variable generalized method of moment’s model (IV-GMM) for analysing the datasets. The results showed that COVID-19 confirmed cases at both the global and regional levels have a strong positive effect on deaths. Thus, the confirmed cases significantly increase attributable deaths at the global and regional levels. At the global level, a 1% increase in confirmed cases increases attributable deaths by 0.78%. Regionally, a 1% increase in confirmed cases increases attributable deaths by 0.65% in Africa, 0.90% in the Americas, 0.67% in the Eastern Mediterranean, 0.72% in Europe, 0.88% in Southeast Asia, and 0.52% in the Western Pacific. This study expands the understanding of the relationship between COVID-19 cases and deaths by using a global dataset and the instrumental variable generalized method of moment’s model (IV-GMM) for the analysis that addresses endogeneity and omitted variable issues.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Reading urban land use through spatio-temporal and content analysis of
           geotagged Twitter data

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      Abstract: Abstract This study explores the possibilities of reading urban land use through geotagged social media data using temporal and content analysis. The advent of social media into the everyday life of cities has transformed the natural complexity of urban space. People’s interaction with space and with the social context happens in a new hybrid space that is becoming a part of the reality of city life. The publicly shared content that people produce as a side product of their digital routine can be utilized for developing new analytical studies. Social media data is not merely a new method of analysis, but a window into the emerging urban processes. Hence, understanding the potential of social media data in urban studies could provide new tools for future urban planning. The current study investigates the legibility of urban land-use patterns through classifications of geotagged Twitter data, with the aim of exploring the degree of empirical viability of using social media data for urban design processes. With this aim in mind, the study proposes a framework for utilizing geotagged Twitter metadata. The framework is tested in a university campus in the city of Famagusta in Cyprus. First, the study establishes a data collection and filtering method. Second, data synthesis and classification of the data using GIS and Kernel Density Estimation is explained. Third, the paper explores possibilities for combining the content analysis and temporal analysis and aims to find the best fit for reading urban land use. The outcome shows promising results in reading urban land use through geotagged data.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Determinants of good forest governance in Southeastern Ethiopia: the case
           of the bale eco-region

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      Abstract: Abstract This study aims to identify the determinants of good forest governance in south-eastern Ethiopia specifically in the Bale Eco-Region. The data was collected using a mixed methods approach through questionnaires, key informant interviews, and focus group discussions. The quantitative data was analyzed using both descriptive and binary logistic regression analysis, while the qualitative data was analyzed through descriptive analysis. The results revealed that lack of accountability, low efficiency, lack of fairness and ineffectiveness were the major challenges of good forest governance in the Bale Eco-region. The results of the binary logistic regression has also confirmed this and showed that the effectiveness of forest governance is determined by accountability, efficiency, and fairness. This means that the effectiveness of forest governance increases as the accountability, efficiency and fairness increases. Hence, it is recommended that the government and other concerned stakeholders should work mainly on improving accountability, efficiency, and fairness of forest governance in the Bale Eco-Region.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Informality and the fight for rights to the city in Masvingo city,
           Zimbabwe

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      Abstract: Abstract The urbanisation of poverty has seen ballooning livelihoods of the poor in contemporary cities as shown by proliferation of urban informality. These livelihoods are mushrooming against a background of repressive city regulatory frameworks that are aimed to stunt the development of urban informality. These repressive regulations have been denying the urban informality their right to the city. However, urban informality in the city of Masvingo has been growing despite these restrictive regulatory frameworks. The study examined how urban informality in the city of Masvingo has been asserting their right to the city in a city that has very hostile regulatory framework. The study utilised a qualitative approach to the inquiry, where in-depth interviews and field observations were employed. The study found out that the city of Masvingo has several instruments that are disenfranchising urban informality of their right to the city. These have been employed to remove informal traders from the city centre. However informal traders are also fighting from various fronts to assert their right to the city. They make use of political influence, employ militant ways, organise themselves into groups for taking over underutilized spaces in the city. The research therefore recommends that the city of Masvingo should employ pro-poor and inclusive urban development policies that should see the integration of urban informality in their mainstream economy. This should result in participation of informal traders in the development of the city and allow them to enjoy right to the city. This study will contribute to the growing scholarly work on the informal urbanism, especially the various ways they are using to assert their right to the city. Urban informality is known in many cities of the global South, for their exclusion in development cities, but this study is showing how informal traders are asserting their right to the city.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
 
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