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  Subjects -> GEOGRAPHY (Total: 493 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 277 Journals sorted alphabetically
40 [degrees] South     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
AAG Review of Books     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
AbeÁfrica : Revista da Associação Brasileira de Estudos Africanos     Open Access  
ACME : An International Journal for Critical Geographies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis : Folia Geographica Socio-Oeconomica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adam Academy : Journal of Social Sciences / Adam Akademi : Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Cartography and GIScience of the ICA     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Statistical Climatology, Meteorology and Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
African Geographical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Afrika Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AGORA Magazine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agronomía & Ambiente     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AGU Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
All Earth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Geographic Information System     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Human Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Amerika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales de Geografía de la Universidad Complutense     Open Access  
Anatoli     Open Access  
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis / Studia de Cultura     Open Access  
Annals of GIS     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Annals of the American Association of Geographers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Annual Review of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Anuario     Open Access  
Applied Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ar@cne     Open Access  
Arctic     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arctic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Area Development and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Asian Geographer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Geographical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ateneo Korean Studies Conference Proceedings     Open Access  
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT)     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions (AMTD)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Aurora Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Antarctic Magazine     Free   (Followers: 5)
Australian Geographer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access  
Baru : Revista Brasileira de Assuntos Regionais e Urbanos     Open Access  
Belgeo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biblio3W : Revista Bibliográfica de Geografía y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Biogeographia : The Journal of Integrative Biogeography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BioRisk     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletim Campineiro de Geografia     Open Access  
Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas     Open Access  
Boletim Gaúcho de Geografia     Open Access  
Boletim Goiano de Geografia     Open Access  
Boletín de Estudios Geográficos     Open Access  
Boletín de la Asociación de Geógrafos Españoles     Open Access  
Brill Research Perspectives in Map History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Buildings & Landscapes: Journal of the Vernacular Architecture Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège     Open Access  
Bulletin de l’association de géographes français     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Geography. Physical Geography Series     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of the Serbian Geographical Society     Open Access  
Caderno de Geografia     Open Access  
Cahiers Balkaniques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers Charlevoix : Études franco-ontariennes     Full-text available via subscription  
Cahiers franco-canadiens de l'Ouest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Soil Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Cardinalis     Open Access  
Carnets de géographes     Open Access  
Cartographic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cartographic Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cartographica : The International Journal for Geographic Information and Geovisualization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Cartography and Geographic Information Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Check List : The Journal of Biodiversity Data     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Climate and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Climate Change Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Comparative Cultural Studies : European and Latin American Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Computational Urban Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Confins     Open Access  
Conjuntura Austral : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Coolabah     Open Access  
Creativity Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Critical Romani Studies     Open Access  
Crossings : Journal of Migration & Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cuadernos de Desarrollo Rural     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Geografía : Revista Colombiana de Geografía     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Geografía de la Universitat de València     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Investigación Geográfica / Geographical Research Letters     Open Access  
Cuadernos Inter.c.a.mbio sobre Centroamérica y el Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Research in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Dela     Open Access  
Dialogues in Human Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Didáctica Geográfica     Open Access  
DIE ERDE : Journal of the Geographical Society of Berlin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Documenti Geografici     Open Access  
Documents d'Anàlisi Geogràfica     Open Access  
Doğu Coğrafya Dergisi : Eastern Geographical Review     Open Access  
DRd - Desenvolvimento Regional em debate     Open Access  
Earth System Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earth Systems and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
East/West : Journal of Ukrainian Studies     Open Access  
Eastern European Countryside     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Economic and Regional Studies / Studia Ekonomiczne i Regionalne     Open Access  
Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Économie rurale     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ecosystems and People     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Entorno Geográfico     Open Access  
Environment & Ecosystem Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental and Sustainability Indicators     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Environmental Science : Atmospheres     Open Access  
Environmental Science and Sustainable Development : International Journal Of Environmental Science & Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Environmental Smoke     Open Access  
Ería : Revista Cuatrimestral de Geografía     Open Access  
Espacio y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Espacios : Revista de |Geografía     Open Access  
Espaço & Economia : Revista Brasileira de Geografia Econômica     Open Access  
Espaço Aberto     Open Access  
Espaço e Cultura     Open Access  
Espaço e Tempo Midiáticos     Open Access  
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Socioterritoriales : Revista de Geografía     Open Access  
Ethnobiology Letters     Open Access  
Ethnoscientia : Brazilian Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnoecology     Open Access  
eTropic : electronic journal of studies in the tropics     Open Access  
Études internationales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études/Inuit/Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
European Bulletin of Himalayan Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
European Countryside     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Spatial Research and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Evolutionary Human Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Fennia : International Journal of Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Finisterra : Revista Portuguesa de Geografia     Open Access  
Fire Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Florida Geographer     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Focus on Geography     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Forum Geografi     Open Access  
Frontera Norte     Open Access  
GEM - International Journal on Geomathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geo : Geography and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Geo UERJ     Open Access  
Geo-Image     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geo-spatial Information Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
GeoArabia     Hybrid Journal  
Géocarrefour     Open Access  
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Geochronometria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geoderma Regional : The International Journal for Regional Soil Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Geodesy and Cartography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geoforum Perspektiv     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geofronter     Open Access  
Geografares     Open Access  
Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geografiska Annaler, Series A : Physical Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Geographia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geographica Helvetica     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Geographical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Geographical Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Geographical Journal of Nepal     Open Access  
Geographical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Geographical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Geographicalia     Open Access  
Géographie et cultures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geography and Natural Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Geography and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geography Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
GeoHumanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
GeoInformatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geoinformatics & Geostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Geoinformatics FCE CTU     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Geoingá : Revista do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia     Open Access  
GeoJournal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
GEOMATICA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
GEOmedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geopauta : Revista de Geografia da Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia     Open Access  
Geophysical Research Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 199)
Geoplanning : Journal of Geomatics and Planning     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
GeoScape     Open Access  
Geosciences Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Geosphere     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
GEOUSP : Espaço e Tempo     Open Access  
Ghana Journal of Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Ghana Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
GIScience & Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 55)
Global Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Globe, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
GPS Solutions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Grafo Working Papers     Open Access  
HiN : Alexander von Humboldt im Netz. Internationale Zeitschrift für Humboldt-Studien     Open Access  

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Computational Urban Science
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2730-6852
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2467 journals]
  • Land use impacts of implementing a bus rapid transit system: case of
           Beirut southern corridor

    • Abstract: Abstract This study investigates and forecasts the effects of implementing a newly proposed Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system in Lebanon on the urban land use evolution between the years 2019 and 2049. It contributes to the emerging scientific literature by proposing a technique intended to identify the potential urban land use impacts of BRT. The identification of these impacts as part of the feasibility study for the BRT is considered important for policymakers, local officials, and urban planners. The impacts are identified by conducting the Analytical Hierarchy Process, based on data collected via survey and interviews with real estate experts. The outcomes show that implementing a BRT service complemented with bus feeder services will: (i) reshape the urban fabric, in proximity to BRT routes and particularly around the stations, by triggering the Transit-Oriented Development and increasing the attractivity of urban development by 6 to 9% according to the distance from BRT route; and (ii) increase the attractivity of urban development projects by 11% in areas distant from the highway if these areas are characterized by high coverage of bus feeder services, low possibility of an increase in estate prices, and medium to high public acceptance of the proposed BRT.
      PubDate: 2022-11-28
       
  • Impact of urban parameterization and integration of WUDAPT on the severe
           convection

    • Abstract: Abstract Amplified rates of urban convective systems pose a severe peril to the life and property of the inhabitants over urban regions, requiring a reliable urban weather forecasting system. However, the city scale's accurate rainfall forecast has constantly been a challenge, as they are significantly affected by land use/ land cover changes (LULCC). Therefore, an attempt has been made to improve the forecast of the severe convective event by employing the comprehensive urban LULC map using Local Climate Zone (LCZ) classification from the World Urban Database and Access Portal Tools (WUDAPT) over the tropical city of Bhubaneswar in the eastern coast of India. These LCZs denote specific land cover classes based on urban morphology characteristics. It can be used in the Advanced Research version of the Weather Research and Forecasting (ARW) model, which also encapsulates the Building Effect Parameterization (BEP) scheme. The BEP scheme considers the buildings' 3D structure and allows complex land–atmosphere interaction for an urban area. The temple city Bhubaneswar, the capital of eastern state Odisha, possesses significant rapid urbanization during the recent decade. The LCZs are generated at 500 m grids using supervised classification and are ingested into the ARW model. Two different LULC dataset, i.e., Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and WUDAPT derived LCZs and initial, and boundary conditions from NCEP GFS 6-h interval are used for two pre-monsoon severe convective events of the year 2016. The results from WUDAPT based LCZ have shown an improvement in spatial variability and reduction in overall BIAS over MODIS LULC experiments. The WUDAPT based LCZ map enhances high-resolution forecast from ARW by incorporating the details of building height, terrain roughness, and urban fraction.
      PubDate: 2022-11-11
       
  • A modelling study on quantifying the impact of urbanization and regional
           effects on the wintertime surface temperature over a rapidly-growing
           tropical city

    • Abstract: Abstract Climate change and sustainability are among the most widely used terms among policymakers and the scientific community in recent times. However, climate action or steps to sustainable growth in cities in the global south are mostly borrowed from general studies at a few large urban agglomerations in the developed world. There are very few modeling studies over south Asia to understand and quantify the impact of climate change and urbanization on even the most primary meteorological variable, such as temperature. Such quantifications are difficult to estimate due to the non-availability of relevant long-term observational datasets. In this modeling study, an attempt is made to understand the urban heat island (UHI), its transition, and the segregation of regional climate change effects and urbanization over the rapidly growing tier 2 tropical smart city Bhubaneswar in India. The model is able to simulate the UHI for both land surface temperature, called the SUHI, and 2-m air temperature, called UHI, reasonably well. Their magnitudes were ~ 5 and 2.5°C, respectively. It is estimated that nearly 60–70% of the overall air and 70–80% of the land surface temperature increase during nighttime over the city between the period 2004 and 2015 is due to urbanization, with the remaining due to the regional/non-local effects.
      PubDate: 2022-11-04
       
  • How the built environment affects the spatiotemporal pattern of urban
           vitality: A comparison among different urban functional areas

    • Abstract: Abstract Urban vitality is an essential indicator of an area’s capacity to promote lively social and economic activities. Urban functional areas can play different roles throughout the day, and urban vitality may exhibit significant intraday temporal dynamics. However, few studies have evaluated the dynamic vitality throughout the day among various urban functional areas or explored how the built environment influences this attribute. To bridge this gap, we assessed the vitality dynamics in intensity, variability, and night ratio. We then examined the influencing factors of urban vitality in Central Shanghai using heatmap and point of interest (POI) data. We found significant differences in the intensity, variability, and night ratio of urban vitality among different urban functional areas. The difference in vitality intensity was more significant than the variability and night ratio between weekdays and weekends. The built environment significantly affected urban vitality, but its role differed among the various urban functional areas. Overall, describing urban vitality from a dynamic perspective could improve our understanding of the differences in attracting and maintaining human activities among different urban functional areas.
      PubDate: 2022-11-03
       
  • Implications of a Twitter data-centred methodology for assessing
           commuters’ perceptions of the Delhi metro in India

    • Abstract: Abstract Owing to the onset of the new media age, the idea of e-public participation has proven to be a great complement to the limitations of the conventional public participation approach. In this respect, location-based social networks (LBSN) data can prove to be a game shift in this digital era to offer an insight into the commuter perception of service delivery. The paper aims to investigate the potential of using Twitter data to assess commuters’ perceptions of the Delhi metro, India, by presenting a comprehensive methodology for extracting, processing, and interpreting the data. The study extracts Twitter data from the official handle of the Delhi metro, performs semantic and sentiment analysis to comprehend commuters’ concerns and assesses commuters’ sentiments on the predicted concerns. The paper outlines that the current depth of Twitter data is more inclined to instantaneous responses to grievances encountered. Moreover, the analysis presents that for the data extraction period, the topics ‘Ride Safety’ and ‘Crowding’ have the lowest scores, while ‘Personnel Attitude’ and ‘Customer Interface’ have the highest scores. Further, the paper highlights insights gleaned from Twitter data in addition to the aspects included in the conventional satisfaction survey. The paper concludes by outlining the opportunities and limitations of LBSN analytics for effective public transportation decision-making in India.
      PubDate: 2022-10-22
       
  • Identifying future partner agencies: helping Brazos Valley Food Bank in
           the fight against food insecurity

    • Abstract: Abstract Brazos Valley Food Bank (BVFB) is a non-profit organization in the Bryan-College Station area of Texas. It distributes food supplies through partner agencies and special programs to eradicate hunger in Brazos Valley. However, a big gap exists between the meals distributed by BVFB and the size of the food-insecure population. This research is motivated by BVFB’s desire to reach more people by recruiting more sustainable partner agencies. We used Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to map food desert areas lacking access to nutritious food. We combined expert knowledge with multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) to address the challenges and time consumption of manually identifying sustainable partner agencies for local food delivery. We identified evaluation criteria for all agencies based on BVFB managers’ preferences using a qualitative approach, and then applied three quantitative decision-making models: the Weighted Sum Model (WSM), the Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS), and the Multi-criteria Optimization and Compromise Solution (VIKOR) models to obtain ranking results. We compared the quantitative models’ rankings to BVFB managers’ manual choices and discussed the impacts of our research. The key innovation of the research is to develop a mixed method by combining expert knowledge with mathematical decision models and GIS to support spatial decision making in food distribution. Although our results were specific to BVFB, these procedures can be applied to food banks in general. Future studies include finetuning our models to measure and address human biases, wider applications and more data collections.
      PubDate: 2022-10-09
       
  • An integrated cognitive framework for understanding modern cities

    • Abstract: Abstract Modern urban development urgently requires a new management concept and operational mechanism to encourage the exploration of frameworks for cognizing and studying urban characteristics. In the present study, modern cities are first understood from the perspective of their basic theoretical evolution. Each modern city is seen as a complex system of organic life forms. Urban information science propels modern urban research in the direction of rationality. This paper also presents the new characteristics of modern cities (and how they have changed) in relation to external structure and internal functions. It examines the generation of urban problems and governance adaptability. On this basis, this paper proposes a cognitive model for studying modern cities, integrating basic theoretical, methodological support, and governance systems. It discusses the basic rationale and core idea for constructing each of these three systems. The research aims to guide and implement modern urban construction and sustainable development in a more effective way.
      PubDate: 2022-10-07
       
  • Investigating mandatory and non-mandatory trip patterns based on
           socioeconomic characteristics and traffic analysis zone features using
           deep neural networks

    • Abstract: Abstract Forecasting travel demand is a classic problem in transportation planning. The models made for this purpose take the socioeconomic characteristics of a subset of a population to estimate the total demand, mainly using random utility models. However, with machine learning algorithms fast becoming key instruments in many transportation applications, the past decade has seen the rapid development of such models for travel demand forecasting. As these algorithms are independent of assumptions, have high pattern recognition ability, and often offer promising results, they can be effective alternatives to discrete choice models for forecasting trip patterns. This paper aimed to predict mandatory and non-mandatory trip patterns using a Deep Neural Network (DNN) algorithm. A dataset containing Metropolitan Washington Council of Government Transportation Planning Board (MWCGTPB) 2007–2008 survey data and a dataset containing traffic analysis zones’ characteristics (TAZ) were prepared to extract and predict these patterns. After the modeling phase, the models were evaluated based on accuracy and Cohen’s kappa coefficient. The estimates of mandatory and non-mandatory trips were found to have an accuracy of 70.87% and 50.02%, respectively. The results showed that a DNN could find the relationship between socioeconomic factors and trip patterns. This can be helpful for transportation planners when they are trying to predict travel demand.
      PubDate: 2022-09-28
       
  • Analyzing spatial variations of heart disease and type-2 diabetes: A
           multi-scale geographically weighted regression approach

    • Abstract: Abstract Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. A person who has type-2 diabetes is twice as likely to have heart disease than someone who doesn’t have diabetes. Therefore, analyzing factors associated with both diseases and their interrelationships is essential for cardiovascular disease control and public health. In this article, we propose a Multi-scale Geographically Weighted Regression (MGWR) approach to observe spatial variations of environmental and demographic risk factors such as alcohol consumption behavior, lack of physical activity, obesity rate, urbanization rate, and income from 2005 to 2015 in the United States. The MGWR model has applied to eight census divisions of the United States at the county level: New England, Middle Atlantic, East North Central, West North Central, South Atlantic, East South Central, West South Central, and Mountain. Results illustrate that there are notable differences in the spatial variation of the risk factors behind these two diseases. In particular, obesity has been a leading factor that associate with diabetes in the east, south-central, and south Atlantic regions of the U.S. On the other hand, smoking and alcohol consumption was the primary concern in the northern part of the U.S., in 2005. In 2015, alcohol consumption levels decreased, but the smoking level remained the same in those regions, which showed a significant impact on diabetes in the neighboring regions. Between 2005 and 2015, lack of physical exercise has become a significant risk factor associated with diabetes in the Northeast and West parts of the U.S. The proposed MGWR produced high goodness to fit (R2) for most of the areas in the United States.
      PubDate: 2022-09-24
       
  • Dry-season variability in near-surface temperature measurements and
           landsat-based land surface temperature in Kenyatta University, Kenya

    • Abstract: Abstract Understanding thermal gradients is essential for sustainability of built-up ecosystems, biodiversity conservation, and human health. Urbanized environments in the tropics have received little attention on underlying factors and processes governing thermal variability as compared to temperate environments, despite the worsening heat stress exposure from global warming. This study characterized near surface air temperature (NST) and land surface temperature (LST) profiles across Kenyatta University, main campus, located in the peri-urban using in situ traverse temperature measurements and satellite remote sensing methods respectively. The study sought to; (i) find out if the use of fixed and mobile temperature sensors in time-synchronized in situ traverses can yield statistically significant temperature gradients (ΔT) attributable to landscape features, (ii) find out how time of the day influences NST gradients, (iii) determine how NST clusters compare to LST values derived from analysis of ‘cloud-free’ Landsat 8 OLI (Operational Land Imager) satellite image, and (iv) determine how NST and LST values are related to biophysical properties of land cover features.. The Getis–Ord Gi* statistics of ΔT values indicate statistically significant clustering hot and cold spots, especially in the afternoon (3–5 PM). NST ‘hot spots’ and ‘cold spots’ coincide with hot and cold regions of Landsat-based LST map. Ordinary Least Square Regression (OLS) indicate statistically significant (p < 0.01) coefficients of MNDWI and NDBI explaining 15% of ΔT variation, and albedo, MNDWI, and NDBI explaining 46% of the variations in LST patterns. These findings demonstrate that under clear sky, late afternoon walking traverses records spatial variability in NST within tropical peri-urban environments during dry season. This study approach may be enhanced through collecting biophysical attributes and NST records simultaneously to improve reliability of regression models for urban thermal ecology.
      PubDate: 2022-09-23
       
  • Analysis of local governments’ marine governance efficiency using a
           spatiotemporal coupling coordination model: a case study of coastal cities
           in Liaoning Province, China

    • Abstract: Abstract Coastal areas have the most obvious ocean–land interaction and experience the most frequent human activities. As the development of coastal areas has a high degree of spatiotemporal variability, local governments bear direct responsibility for marine governance, yet accurately evaluating and analyzing local governments’ marine governance efficiency in coastal areas is challenging. This study constructs a spatiotemporal coupling coordination model to comprehensively evaluate local governments’ marine governance efficiency in six coastal cities in Liaoning Province from 2004 to 2019. A complex system was necessary to obtain the development level, discrete degree, and development speed of each subsystem. The construction of the evaluation index system was the foundation, and the construction of the spatiotemporal weight matrix was the key. The results show that overall, the local governments’ marine governance efficiency level is generally increasing, and the agglomeration effect is obvious. The efficiency of each cities’ economic, ecological, and social governance subsystem is in a process of continuous and dynamic change. The coupling and coordination degrees of the six governance systems have continuously improved and the spatial and temporal differences have decreased; each city shows different coupling and coordination degrees in each subsystem. Regarding the factors affecting comprehensive marine management, Liaoning’s coastal areas fail to attract foreign tourists; the discharge and treatment of industrial wastewater restricts ecological governance; and the reduction of fisheries hinders the social governance system’s efficiency. The results contribute to the understanding of costal cities’ marine governance and promote the sustainable development of coastal areas.
      PubDate: 2022-09-21
       
  • Establishment of hospital resilience framework in urban China: insight
           from Wuhan City

    • Abstract: Abstract Since the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) swept the world, many countries face a problem that is a shortage of medical resources. The role of emergency medical facilities in response to the epidemic is beginning to arouse public attention, and the construction of the urban resilient emergency response framework has become the critical way to resist the epidemic. Today, China has controlled the domestically transmitted COVID-19 cases through multiple emergency medical facilities and inclusive patient admission criteria. Most of the existing literature focuses on case studies or characterizations of individual facilities. This paper constructs an evaluation system to measure urban hospital resilience from the spatial perspective and deciphered the layout patterns and regularities of emergency medical facilities in Wuhan, the city most affected by the epidemic in China. Findings indicate that the pattern of one center and two circles are a more compelling layout structure for urban emergency medical facilities in terms of accessibility and service coverage for residents. Meanwhile, the Fangcang shelter hospital has an extraordinary performance in terms of emergency response time, and it is a sustainable facility utilization approach in the post-epidemic era. This study bolsters areas of the research on the urban resilient emergency response framework. Moreover, the paper summarizes new medical facilities’ planning and location characteristics and hopes to provide policy-makers and urban planners with valuable empirical evidence.
      PubDate: 2022-09-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s43762-022-00060-z
       
  • An urban infrastructure assessment system built on geo-tagged images and
           machine learning

    • Abstract: Abstract In modern era, the maintenance of public infrastructure often takes up a large share of financial budget for a city. The management of these urban assets is supported by a frequently updated inventory reflecting facility conditions. Traditional methods relying on inspection staff or sensors are faced with two main challenges: comprehensive and standardized data collection; quick and automatic assessment process. In this technical note, we introduce a unified method for condition assessment, purely based on street views and machine learning to develop perception quantification models with pairwise labeling datasets. In this way, the two problems could be solved with automatic and scalable processes, updatable algorithms, and affordable costs The method has been tested in the city of Ulaanbaatar, in which a benchmark covering the assessment of eight types of urban infrastructure (roadway, road curbs, road markings, road signs, sidewalks, catch basins, guardrails, and manholes) is demonstrated.
      PubDate: 2022-09-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s43762-022-00056-9
       
  • Drivers influencing climate of growing cities

    • Abstract: Abstract Population growth and affordable housing have boosted realty sector and urban sprawl in India. Understanding the interrelation between urbanization and local climate, though complex, is the need of the hour and the focus of this study. An analysis of the Expert Team on Climate Change Detection and Indices (ETCCDI) on temperature and precipitation was carried out, and it confirms the change in the local urban climate. A Clausius-Clapeyron (CC) scaling relationship has been developed between the range of daily maximum temperature and precipitation for finding precipitation intensity, which is influenced by a rise in maximum temperature. Land use and land cover change derived for the period 1970–2017 from Landsat images were used to understand the effect of urbanization on average daily temperature and extreme precipitation. Multivariate ENSO Index and Global Temperature Anomalies were taken as global physical drivers. Urbanization growth rate anomalies, annual mean temperature anomalies, and summer mean temperature anomalies were taken as local physical drivers that affect one-day extreme precipitation. 22 combinations of these physical drivers were used as covariates to develop extreme value models. Models were evaluated with the L-R test and AIC. It is found that global average temperature and urbanization, individually as well as in combination with local summer mean temperature, were found to be influencing local extreme precipitation. Changes in precipitation patterns have a direct impact on urban water management.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s43762-022-00055-w
       
  • Challenges, perceptions, and future preferences for post-secondary online
           education given experiences in the COVID-19 outbreak

    • Abstract: Abstract To gain a better understanding of online education status during and after the pandemic outbreak, this paper analyzed the data from a recent survey conducted in the state of Florida in May 2020. In particular, we focused on college students’ perception of productivity changes, benefits, challenges, and their overall preference for the future of online education. Our initial exploratory analysis showed that in most cases, students were not fully satisfied with the quality of the online education, and the majority of them suffered a plummet in their productivities. Despite the challenges, around 61% believed that they would prefer more frequent participation in online programs in the future (compared to the normal conditions before the pandemic). A structural equation model was developed to identify and assess the factors that contribute to their productivity and future preferences. The results showed that lack of sufficient communication with other students/ instructor as well as lack of required technology infrastructure significantly reduced students’ productivity. On the other hand, productivity was positively affected by perceived benefits such as flexibility and better time management. In addition, productivity played a mediating role for a number of socio-economic, demographic, and attitudinal attributes: including gender, income, technology attitudes, and home environment conflicts. Accordingly, females, high income groups, and those with home environment conflicts experienced lower productivity, which indirectly discouraged their preference for future online education. As expected, a latent pro-online education attitude increased both the productivity and the future online-education preference. Last but not the least, Gen-Xers were more likely to adopt online-education in the post pandemic conditions compared to their peers.
      PubDate: 2022-08-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s43762-022-00058-7
       
  • Spatial variability and accessibility of collection and delivery points in
           Nanjing, China

    • Abstract: Abstract Collection and delivery points are an alternative to home delivery and represent an important opportunity to reduce delivery failures in urban areas. As online shopping has become increasingly popular, different accessibility modes such as walking, cycling, and driving are considered for the collection of parcels at collection and delivery points (CDPs). The primary objective of the present study was to assess the spatial variability and accessibility of CDPs in Nanjing City, China. The point of interest (POI) data of 1224 CDPs (including 424 China Post Stations and 800 Cainiao Stations), and population and gross domestic product data were employed for the spatial analysis. The results showed that China Post Stations and Cainiao Stations were distributed in Nanjing as clusters at α = 0.01. Both types (51.1% China Post Stations and 63.2% Cainiao Stations) of CDPs were aggregated in the high population density areas. Moreover, 28.0% of China Post Stations and 50.9% of Cainiao Stations were located in high GDP density areas. The overall spatial distribution of China Post Stations in population and GDP density areas was medium, while that of the Cainiao Stations was high. There was a significant correlation between the spatial distribution of the CDPs, population, and GDP. There were significant spatial accessibility differences to CDPs among different accessibility modes like walking, cycling, and driving. Walking and cycling mode accessibility to China Post Stations and Cainiao Stations were 13.8 and 25.3% and 9.2 and 28.9%, respectively while 71.8% of China Post Stations and 71.1% of Cainiao Stations were accessed by driving. The findings of this study would be beneficial for policymakers and practitioners to develop related policies, to assist companies in building up more sustainable urban logistics and a booming CDPs’ network in the future.
      PubDate: 2022-08-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s43762-022-00054-x
       
  • Plan for healthy neighborhoods to improve mental wellbeing: a pilot study
           in Fresno, California

    • Abstract: Abstract By using data collected from a self-administered survey, this study evaluates the variation of mental wellbeing between individuals and neighborhoods and its personal and neighborhood determinants in Fresno, California. It reveals the disparities of mental wellbeing, physical activity, and neighborhood environment between disadvantaged and non-disadvantaged neighborhoods in Fresno. Residents in disadvantaged neighborhoods report slightly lower levels of mental wellbeing and physical activity, significantly weaker neighborhood social capital, and much lower neighborhood environment quality. Our path analysis suggests that outdoor physical activity and perceived neighborhood social capital are the only two factors that influence mental wellbeing after controlling for personal socioeconomics and personality. Neither perceived nor objectively measured neighborhood environmental factors show significant and direct impacts on mental wellbeing. Neighborhood environment, however, shows indirect associations with mental wellbeing through their correlations with outdoor physical activity and perceived neighborhood social capital.
      PubDate: 2022-08-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s43762-022-00057-8
       
  • Passengers receptivity of a new public transport mode: case of a BRT
           project in Lebanon

    • Abstract: Abstract This study examines how far the level of knowledge on a new public transport mode in Lebanon might affect mode choice. Indeed, passenger mode choice is a major issue associated with the effectiveness of new transport projects, as their level of effectiveness and feasibility will depend on the number of new adopters. This investigation is performed by developing mode choice models based on data collected via a questionnaire-based survey. The models were used to compare preferences among private cars, current public transport modes and a newly proposed Bus Rapid Transit system. The driving factors are divided into two categories: economic and psychological. The results reveal that explicit evaluations of several factors on the proposed transport modes yields mode choices different from direct evaluation. Besides, the structure of the utility function reveals that economic driving factors prevail over the psychological aspects, which is the opposite of what is observed with direct mode assessment. Moreover, people’s expectations of the proposed Bus Rapid Transit were significantly positive in terms of usability in addition to operational and economic reliability. This study shows that people’s level of knowledge of previous transport modes and their perceptual expectations of new travel modes must be taken into consideration in the feasibility studies of any transport implementations in the developing countries where the public transport services are discouraged.
      PubDate: 2022-08-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s43762-022-00053-y
       
  • The Metaverse as a virtual form of data-driven smart urbanism:
           platformization and its underlying processes, institutional dimensions,
           and disruptive impacts

    • Abstract: Abstract The emerging phenomenon of platformization has given rise to what has been termed "platform society,“ a digitally connected world where platforms have penetrated the heart of urban societies—transforming social practices, disrupting social interactions and market relations, and affecting democratic processes. One of the recent manifestations of platformization is the Metaverse, a global platform whose data infrastructures, governance models, and economic processes are predicted to penetrate different urban sectors and spheres of urban life. The Metaverse is an idea of a hypothetical set of “parallel virtual worlds” that incarnate ways of living in believably virtual cities as an alternative to future data-driven smart cities. However, this idea has already raised concerns over what constitutes the global architecture of computer mediation underlying the Metaverse with regard to different forms of social life as well as social order. This study analyzes the core emerging trends enabling and driving data-driven smart cities and uses the outcome to devise a novel framework for the digital and computing processes underlying the Metaverse as a virtual form of data-driven smart cities. Further, it examines and discusses the risks and impacts of the Metaverse, paying particular attention to: platformization; the COVID-19 crisis and the ensuing non-spontaneous "normality" of social order; corporate-led technocratic governance; governmentality; privacy, security, and trust; and data governance. A thematic analysis approach is adopted to cope with the vast body of literature of various disciplinarities. The analysis identifies five digital and computing processes related to data-driven smart cities: digital instrumentation, digital hyper-connectivity, datafication, algorithmization, and platformization. The novelty of the framework derived based on thematic analysis lies in its essential processual digital and computing components and the way in which these are structured and integrated given their clear synergies as to enabling the functioning of the Metaverse towards potentially virtual cities. This study highlights how and why the identified digital and computing processes—as intricately interwoven with the entirety of urban ways of living—arouse contentions and controversies pertaining to society’ public values. As such, it provides new insights into understanding the complex interplay between the Metaverse as a form of science and technology and the other dimensions of society. Accordingly, it contributes to the scholarly debates in the field of Science, Technology, and Society (STS) by highlighting the societal and ethical implications of the platformization of urban societies through the Metaverse.
      PubDate: 2022-08-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s43762-022-00051-0
       
  • A multi-level analytic framework for disaster situational awareness using
           Twitter data

    • Abstract: Abstract During a natural disaster, mining messages from social media platforms can facilitate local agencies, rescue teams, humanitarian aid organizations, etc., to track the situational awareness of the public. However, for different stakeholders, the concerns about people’s situational awareness in a natural disaster event are different. Therefore, I developed a Twitter-based analytic framework to take perception-level situational awareness, humanitarian-level situational awareness, and action-level situational awareness into consideration. Specifically, perception-level situational awareness mainly reflects people’s perception of the ongoing natural disaster event (i.e., if people are discussing the disaster event). Decision-makers can rapidly have a big picture of severely impacted regions. Humanitarian-level situational awareness represents tweets that are associated with the humanitarian categories based on the definition from the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. The detection of humanitarian-level situational awareness can help response teams understand the specific situations and needs of local communities. In terms of the action-level situational awareness, I extracted noun-verb pairs in each tweet to explicitly represent the specific event described in a given tweet, so that the response teams can quickly act on the situation case by case. Moreover, to shed light on disaster resilience and social vulnerability, I further examined the demographic characteristics of three levels of situational awareness. I empirically demonstrated the analytic framework using geo-tagged tweets during 2018 Hurricane Michael.
      PubDate: 2022-08-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s43762-022-00052-z
       
 
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