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Parks Stewardship Forum
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ISSN (Print) 2688-187X
Published by eScholarship Homepage  [73 journals]
  • Searching for the “S” Word at Gettysburg: The Battlefield in the Era
           of Black Lives Matter

    • Authors: Creighton; Margaret
      Abstract: The author returns to Gettysburg National Military Park nearly 20 years following the publication of her book The Colors of Courage, Gettysburg’s Forgotten Battles to see how things might have changed in terms of what visitors learn when they come to the park and the surrounding borough.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Wildfire, Climate Change, Forest Resilience, and Carbon Solutions

    • Authors: Gonzalez; Patrick
      Abstract: Wildfire is natural in many temperate forests but unnatural in tropical rainforests and certain other ecosystems. Human-caused climate change is intensifying the heat that drives wildfire. Preventive burning in temperate forests, halting deforestation in tropical forests, and cutting carbon pollution reduce wildfire risks and increase forest resilience under climate change.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Omnipresent Stories

    • Authors: Rogers; Pattiann
      Abstract: A poem in the "Verse in Place" section of Parks Stewardship Forum.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • To Lift All Boats: An Interview with Jerry Emory, Author of George
           Meléndez Wright: The Fight for Wildlife and Wilderness in the National

    • Authors: Diamant; Rolf
      Abstract: In this "Letter from Woodstock," our columnist interviews the author of the first-ever biography of George Meléndez Wright, pioneering conservationist and namesake of the George Wright Society.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • The Second Stage of Violence: An Excerpt from Violence and Public Memory

    • Authors: Blatt; Martin Henry
      Abstract: In this excerpt from his introduction to Violence and Public Memory, editor Martin Blatt discusses his family history connected to the Holocaust and how this history propelled him to a lifelong commitment to social justice through the telling of history in public contexts. He then identifies how the relationship of violence to public memory has been a central theme throughout his professional career as a public historian. Blatt proceeds to define how he employs the terms “violence” and “public memory” in this book. He examines contemporary literature and the public history arena to highlight exemplary works focused on violence and public memory. Subsequently, he highlights a range of publications that examine this connection. Blatt explores the contents of this edited volume regarding geography, types of memorialization, and historical timeframe. He stresses his belief that the measure of the integrity of a nation or culture is the degree to which there is an unflinching...
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Remembering Labor Conflict as an American Battlefield

    • Authors: Shackel; Paul
      Abstract: Anthracite coal extraction developed in northeastern Pennsylvania during the late 18th century, and through the early 20th century the industry was supported by new waves of immigration. New immigrant workers faced various forms of structural racism, often being underpaid, assigned the toughest jobs, and provided substandard housing. In 1897, as 400 men marched on a public road with the goal of closing a company mine, a sheriff and his posse fired upon them, killing 19. An additional six men died a few days later of gunshot wounds. While the incident, known as the Lattimer Massacre, was noted as one of the most tragic labor strikes in US history, the event faded from national public memory within a few decades. A type of historical amnesia settled in until 75 years later when the community and labor organizations erected a memorial near the site. Although annual commemorations are now held at the site, the Lattimer Massacre remains absent from textbooks and it is still not...
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • The Winds of Minidoka: Preserving the Japanese American Past

    • Authors: Hayashi; Robert T.
      Abstract: Like other sites of Japanese American incarceration, Minidoka Relocation Center was long neglected after World War II. Buildings were removed or deteriorated, and few visited the isolated spot. Increased public recognition of the injustice of mass incarceration, culminating in the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, catalyzed public history projects to preserve sites of Nikkei1 World War II history and led to the eventual establishment of Minidoka National Historic Site. In recent years, significant restoration and interpretation projects have transformed the site, providing visitors with a rich historical context. However, its future is threatened by a proposed massive wind farm near the historic site. The project has mobilized both Japanese Americans and local Idahoans in resistance for divergent reasons that speak to the historical tensions over land use in the American West. The situation underscores the precarious state of Japanese American history, how its establishment and...
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Examining Factors Influencing the Governance of Large Landscape
           Conservation Initiatives

    • Authors: Mirza; Sanober R. , Thomsen, Jennifer M. , Wurtzebach, Zachary , Oppler, Gabriel , Halvorson, Sarah J.
      Abstract: With increasing threats facing ecosystems around the world, conservationists are looking for innovative approaches to address the complex nature of transboundary issues. Large landscape conservation (LLC) extends beyond protected area boundaries and potentially national borders. Though the recognition of LLC is growing, we have a limited understanding of what supports or inhibits LLC efforts across diverse geographies, which limits the efficacy of LLC as a strategy to combat ecological threats. Networks can provide support for individual LLC initiatives through collaboration, knowledge exchange, and resource mobilization. Despite the growth in LLC initiatives around the world, there has been a lack of research assessing a network of initiatives—research that is critical to complement individual case studies. To gain a greater understanding of LLC, we conducted a survey of the Transboundary Conservation and the Connectivity Conservation Specialist Groups of the IUCN World Commission...
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Back to the Battlefields: An Introduction

    • Authors: Conard; Rebecca
      Abstract: This short essay introduces the featured theme articles in this issue of Parks Stewardship Forum, titled "Back to the Battlefields: Historians Take a Fresh Look at American Sites of Conflict. In early 2022, we issued invitations to a select group of scholars who had written penetratingly on sites of conflict and commemoration. We asked them to travel to a particular site and take a look at it in a reflective mode, pondering what led to the conflict memorialized at that place and reflecting on the site’s meaning and how it has changed over the years, how their own personal understanding of the site has evolved, and the site’s relevance to America’s current socio-political situation. We also gave them license to analyze how well interpretation at “their” site presents historic events within a broader historical context, connects lessons of the site’s story (or stories) to contemporary issues and concerns, and encourages meaningful engagement from diverse audiences. The...
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Revisiting Slavery, the Civil War, and Reconciliation at Arlington
           National Cemetery and Arlington House

    • Authors: Quigley; Paul
      Abstract: Arlington National Cemetery, containing the graves of around 400,000 people, mostly veterans, is one of the United States’ most treasured cultural sites. The site also contains Arlington House, former enslaved labor plantation and home of Confederate general Robert E. Lee. Together, the cemetery and the plantation house played important roles in the divisions of the Civil War; the flawed North–South reconciliation that took place in the decades that followed; and the struggles over racial equality and historical memory that have continued into the 21st century. Following a National Park Service rehabilitation of Arlington House, accounts of enslaved people and their descendants are now considerably more prominent in the historical interpretation. Yet questions remain over how best to remember slavery, the Confederacy, and the Civil War.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Ripples of Memory from Sand Creek

    • Authors: Kelman; Ari
      Abstract: On November 29, 1864, troops from the 1st and 3rd Colorado Regiments attacked an Arapaho and Cheyenne peace camp along the banks of Sand Creek in southeastern Colorado Territory. The soldiers killed some 200 or more Native people, razed what remained of their village, and desecrated the bodies of the dead. Initially celebrated by Colorado settlers as a heroic battle, in time the violence came to be known nationally as the Sand Creek Massacre. Almost a century and a half later, on April 27, 2007, the National Park Service opened its 391st unit: Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site. This essay explores the politics of memory surrounding the Sand Creek Massacre, focusing on the impact of the historic site in reshaping official and popular recollections in the 16 years since it opened to the public.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • “As They Have Formerly Done”: Unraveling the Entanglements at
           Historic Fort Snelling

    • Authors: Phillips; Katrina M.
      Abstract: The United States built Fort Snelling at the confluence of the Minnesota and Mississippi Rivers in the 1820s. Initially conceived as a means to protect American interests in the region, the fort was used in military operations across multiple wars until it was decommissioned in 1946. This essay examines the fort’s role in American expansion, particularly through the lens of the US–Dakota War of 1862. In the wake of the war, Dakota survivors were forced to spend the winter in a concentration camp erected outside the fort. A century later, efforts to restore and reconstruct the fort led to the opening of Historic Fort Snelling in 1970. The fort’s lengthy history—and its role in so many historical eras and events—has led to continued contestations over interpretation at the site, and even the name itself.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Meeting visitor interest to advance conservation: A study from Indiana
           Dunes National Park, USA

    • Authors: Merson; Martha , Valoura, Leila , Forist, Brian E. , Hristov, Nickolay I. , Allen, Louise C.
      Abstract: Thousands of visitors to parks take part in ranger-led programs annually. During these programs rangers work to evoke and maintain interest in order to connect visitors with cultural and natural resources. Researchers have found interest is a powerful driver of learning, yet its role in the experience of adults who participate in ranger-led programming has not been well studied. Open-ended telephone interviews conducted months after a ranger-led hike to a prominent dune in Indiana Dunes National Park illustrate the extent to which visitors’ recollections show continuity with their reasons for attending the ranger-led hike and their uptake of resource messages. Like other ranger-led programming, this hike was designed to make intellectual and emotional connections, to fuel long-held interests, and activate new stewards. The program was the result of collaboration among rangers and local scientists. Responses to a pre-hike survey were matched with post-hike recollections transcribed...
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Old Battles Are New Again: Revisiting the Selma to Montgomery National
           Historic Trail

    • Authors: White; Tara Y.
      Abstract: The author revists Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail, created by Congress to commemorate the historic march of 1965. The only African American site in the entire National Trail System, Selma to Montgomery represents the historical tension between the ideals of American democracy, where all citizens have equal protection and equal rights by law, and the reality of the fight waged by Black voters against discrimination in America. Further, the trail represents the struggle to preserve the history and memory of civil rights sites of conflict as a part of the nation’s historical landscape. Finally, the trail represents the symbolic battle, in real time, of the voting rights movement (which some characterize as “a relic of the past”) in the face of ongoing tangible assaults on voting rights in the 21st century.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • National Parks Can Improve Society by Revealing Destructive Historical

    • Authors: Davis; Gary E. , Davis, Dorothy A.
      Abstract: This visual essay in "The Photographer's Frame" investigates the potential of using experiential learning in the National Park System to mitigate the repetition of harmful societal practices, such as relying on destructive conflict to resolve differences of opinions and beliefs.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • From “Gibraltar of the Chesapeake” to “Freedom’s Fortress”:
           Reinterpreting Fort Monroe

    • Authors: Newby-Alexander; Cassandra
      Abstract: Historians, community activists, leaders with the Fort Monroe Authority, and the National Park Service collaborated to reimagine the legacy of Fort Monroe, long known as the “Gibraltar of the Chesapeake,” after 188 years of service as a military base. However, Fort Monroe also was the site where America’s institution of slavery began evolving and where that institution also began unraveling. This is the legacy that is foregrounded for 21st-century visitors. In 2019, Fort Monroe hosted the commemoration of the 400th anniversary of the landing of the first Africans in the Virginia colony. A new Welcome Center focuses on this legacy. While Fort Monroe continues to highlight its military history and the natural landscape to countless visitors, the primary narrative interprets 1619 and the Civil War-era contraband story. Adding to this important story is the 2021 designation of Fort Monroe as a Site of Memory Associated to the Slave Route by the United Nations Educational,...
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Cover, Masthead, and Table of Contents, PSF Vol. 39 No. 3

    • Authors: PSF Editorial Team; The
      Abstract: Cover, Masthead, and Table of Contents, PSF Vol. 39 No. 3
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Greco in Oz

    • Authors: Greco; CJ
      Abstract: An overseas trip provides adventure, self-discovery, and a measure of healing to the author.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Cover, Masthead, and Table of Contents PSF Vol. 39 No. 2

    • Authors: PSF Editorial Team; The
      Abstract: Cover, Masthead, and Table of Contents PSF Vol. 39 No. 2
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • The designation of Stonewall National Monument: Path and impact

    • Authors: Jarvis; Jonathan B. , Springate, Megan E.
      Abstract: This article provides two different perspectives on the designation of Stonewall National Monument. which was proclaimed by President Obama in 2016. First, former National Park Service (NPS) Director Jonathan Jarvis shares his experiences leading up to and beyond the designation. In the second section, Megan Springate places Stonewall into the larger context of the NPS Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer (LGBTQ+) heritage initiative and the preparation of LGBTQ America, the LGBTQ+ theme study, which is a document commissioned by the National Park Foundation for the National Park Service.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Understanding the outdoors and conservation through a queer lens

    • Authors: Forist; Brian , Heath, Sandy , King-Cortes, Forrest
      Abstract: A brief introduction to the theme articles on LGBTQIA+ Experiences and Expertise in the Outdoors and in Conservation.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Restoring the great cloud forests of Santa Rosa Island

    • Authors: Warneke; Alexandria , Lombardo, Keith , Ready, Michael
      Abstract: This visual essay in "The Photographer's Frame" describes the restoration of oak and pine forests on an island in Channel Islands National Park, California.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Queering eco-activism: Ways of organizing and uplifting conservation
           efforts by queer and trans eco-activists

    • Authors: DeMirjyn; Maricela
      Abstract: This essay explores a cohort of eco-activists within the queer and trans community who specifically link social justice concerns with environmental activism. Areas of focus include climate crisis, activist eco-interventions, the development of social media platforms as eco-activist hotspots, and sites (places) of public protest. An intersectional environmentalist framework is applied throughout this paper, highlighting insights and strategies by queer and trans eco-activists of color.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Neurodivergence is also an LGBTQ+ topic: Making space for
           “neuroqueering” in the outdoors

    • Authors: Loy-Ashe; Tarah
      Abstract: Recently, the field of research exploring the links between neurodivergence and the LGBTQ+ community has grown. Many queer adults who were not diagnosed as children are just now receiving neurodivergent diagnoses. Nick Walker coined the term “neuroqueer” in 2015 to describe the intersection of being both neurodivergent and queer. “Neuroqueering” refers to the embodying and expressing of one’s neurodivergence in ways that also queer one’s performance of gender, sexuality, ethnicity, and/or other aspects of one’s identity (Walker 2021). Considering the increase of queer representation in the outdoors, it is necessary to also address neuroqueering and its implications for the outdoor community. This conceptual article will address the connection between neurodivergence and the LGBTQ+ community, implications for the queer outdoors, and ways to include neuroqueer recreationalists and outdoor advocates in efforts to make the outdoors more equitable.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Out in Nature

    • Authors: Chapman; Corinne , Greco, CJ
      Abstract: A introduction and link to a short video on the queer meetup group Out In Nature.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Natural Carbon Solutions Contribute to Halting Climate Change

    • Authors: Gonzalez; Patrick
      Abstract: By storing carbon in vegetation and soils, ecosystems naturally prevent emissions that cause climate change. Protected areas effectively conserve forests and carbon. Halting deforestation would cut 10% of global carbon emissions.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Queer ecology through national park social media

    • Authors: Farish; Abi
      Abstract: A collaboration between Zion National Park and Stonewall National Monument produces two social media posts that give examples of queer ecology.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • The Science of __________

    • Authors: Koets; Julia
      Abstract: A poem in the "Verse in Place" section of Parks Stewardship Forum.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Planning for change: Lessons of survival from queer and trans lives

    • Authors: Garrett; Cal Lee
      Abstract: Drawing on the case of parks and marginal spaces in Chicago, considered as novel ecosystems, this essay works to unpack some of the costs and limitations of how conservation value has been defined by conservationists. Namely, conservation value tends to center pristine, historical ecosystems like tallgrass prairie over the small pockets where many native species continue to survive and form new ecological relationships. By engaging queer and trans theories and thinkers who argue that fixation on the past can limit evaluations of the present, I argue for a wider vision of conservation value that is more open to creative possibilities for survival into the future.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Centering narratives from the margins: Interpretive tools for
           destabilizing colonial foundations

    • Authors: Porteroff; Shelbie
      Abstract: Place matters. It connects people to nature, ancestry and culture, history, and complex emotions that are much harder to name. Place fosters a sense of identity and a sense of belonging. As interpreters, we have a habit of prescribing meaning to place, and after some time, we take that meaning as the only meaning that a place has. We share it with visitors at parks, museums, or other heritage sites, and hope that they garner as much thrill from the place we love as we do. But a place’s meaning is not set in stone, nor is it singular. Interpreters can present multiple perspectives, but there will always be other perspectives that they do not know; after all, an interpreter is just one person. The perspectives and meanings of place are complicated, and the narratives that have dominated the field of interpretation, especially in the United States, have been framed by a colonial past, which persists in our present. Centering narratives from the margins, or narratives from groups...
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Coming out as a gay ranger in the era of the assassination of Harvey Milk
           and the HIV/AIDS crisis

    • Authors: Sealy; Dan
      Abstract: The essay tells the story of a gay man, working as a National Park Service ranger, coming out to himself and in his workplace. This personal story parallels the national reckoning with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex and Asexual + issues ,including the assassination of the first openly gay elected official in San Francisco and the unfolding crisis of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The story tells how secrets can impact employee confidence and careers. It also shows how seemingly benign actions by colleagues and supervisors can have both positive and negative effects on the personal coming out process. It also suggests how supportive actions and the workplace environment can strengthen both the individual and the agency.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Forest Magic

    • Authors: Ahnam; Lyri
      Abstract: The author describes her joys and vulnerabilities as part of a lesbian couple experiencing two of their favorites places in nature.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Queer, Fat, and OUTdoors

    • Authors: Potvin; Leigh , Niblett, Blair
      Abstract: This narrative highlights our personal experiences of being in queer and fat bodies accessing (or trying to access) outdoor spaces. We present a brief overview of literature that lays the foundation and helps situate this work’s contribution to understanding the in/accessibility of outdoor recreation and parks. Our narratives present personal stories of mapping our (fat) bodies and our queerness relative to the outdoors and to the systems of power that govern the so-called wilderness and wild spaces we have encountered. We conclude with a series of recommendations for institutions, individuals, and groups who are interested in more queer and fat inclusion in parks and recreation spaces.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Picturing the Cost of Freedom

    • Authors: Diamant; Rolf
      Abstract: In this "Letter from Woodstock," our columnist highlights a few short videos that address human dignity and human rights in America’s national park system.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Self-care through nature photography: A visual journey through fall with a
           queer eye

    • Authors: Gastelum; Mario
      Abstract: A portfolio of photographs of places in and around Chicago taken during nature outings of LGBTQIA+ people.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Queerness in the age of surviving climate change

    • Authors: Kostecka; Emilie A.
      Abstract: This essay looks at Elizabeth Weinberg’s book Unsettling: Surviving Extinction Together through the lenses of interconnectedness between communities, understanding of the role of queerness in the fight against climate change, and the importance of understanding just how connected everything on this planet is to everything else. Through personal reflection, photos, consideration of current events, and shared memories, the writer looks at Weinberg’s work as a call to a better future with the hope of prevailing against problems of white supremacy, climate change, and human turmoil through the lessons being taught by the youth.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Am I Visionary, or Just Crazy' An excerpt from George Meléndez Wright:
           The Fight for Wildlife and Wilderness in the National Parks

    • Authors: Emory; Jerry
      Abstract: An excerpt from the newly published, first-ever biography of the American conservationist George Meléndez Wright.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Section 2: The Hierophant

    • Authors: Adams; Henry Crawford
      Abstract: One of three Tarot illustrations that serve as frontispieces to sections of the theme papers on LGBTQIA+ Experiences and Expertise in the Outdoors and in Conservation. Each illustration represents an aspect of the character of the LGBTQIA+ community.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Ten principles of outdoor recreation: An excerpt from Studies in Outdoor
           Recreation: Search and Research for Satisfaction (fourth edition)

    • Authors: Manning; Robert E. , Anderson, Laura , Budruk, Megha , Goonan, Kelly , Hallo, Jeffrey , Laven, Daniel , Lawson, Steven , McCown, Rebecca Stanfield , Minteer, Ben , Newman, Peter , Perry, Elizabeth , Pettengill, Peter , Reigner, Nathan , Valliere, William , van Riper, Carena , Xiao, Xiao
      Abstract: An excerpt from the concluding chapter of the 4th edition of this standard textbook.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Section 3: The Chariot

    • Authors: Adams; Henry Crawford
      Abstract: One of three Tarot illustrations that serve as frontispieces to sections of the theme papers on LGBTQIA+ Experiences and Expertise in the Outdoors and in Conservation. Each illustration represents an aspect of the character of the LGBTQIA+ community.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • A “plan to heal their hearts”: The lives of Ann and Tat

    • Authors: Forist; Brian
      Abstract: From 1861 to 1904, Miss Harriet Colfax served as keeper of the federal lighthouse at Michigan City, Indiana. For the full 43 years of her service her companion, Miss Ann Hartwell, lived with her. While original source documents are a record of the lives of “Ann and Tat,” as they were known to their friends, newspaper articles published during their lives and in the decades after their passing (both in 1905) provide insights on the ways they were seen and their relationship described. A difference is noted after their deaths, with an apparent distancing of Ann from Harriet. Through reporting and analysis of news articles details, are revealed about Harriet Colfax and her relationship with Ann Hartwell. A sort of disappearing of that relationship in the news, and an official distancing by the historical society now managing the lighthouse as a museum, are described. While there is no specific evidence that Ann and Tat were lesbians, there is similarly no evidence that they were...
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • A transmasculine experience of a career in outdoor recreation

    • Authors: Heath; Sandy , Duffy, Lauren
      Abstract: The outdoor recreation industry is heavily influenced by a dominant, heteronormative culture—a culture that defines the experience not only for the participants but also the people working within the industry (Warren 2015; Holland, Powell, Thomsen, and Monz 2018). Those interested in advancing a career as a professional in the outdoor recreation industry, particularly related to outdoor leadership and adventure guiding, are often required to engage in a variety of unique living situations, arrangements, and contexts. This may include, for example, moving to rural and remote communities that sit adjacent to wildlands where many outdoor recreation organizations operate their programs. It may also require extended overnight trips with shared housing and rooming arrangements that require a level of intimacy with people they work with that is uncommon to most employment settings. Unique to this field, then, is how entangled personal identities are in the professional settings where...
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Our nature: A queer relationship with wilderness

    • Authors: Garland; Lance
      Abstract: A re-envisioning of our understanding of wilderness, informed by a queer understanding of our place in it, can offer new ways of looking at the climate crisis. A deeper relationship with wilderness offers us new pathways of understanding and connection. For queer people this relationship can offer a healing salve for the historical abuses inflicted upon us by societal structures and can promote a sense of purpose and connection in our existence here as a part of this environment.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Section 1: Strength

    • Authors: Adams; Henry Crawford
      Abstract: One of three Tarot illustrations that serve as frontispieces to sections of the theme papers on LGBTQIA+ Experiences and Expertise in the Outdoors and in Conservation. Each illustration represents an aspect of the character of the LGBTQIA+ community.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Woven in the River

    • Authors: Martin; Emily
      Abstract: An account of the author's experience as a queer person working in conservation in Iowa.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Rethinking Boundaries in a Half-Earth World

    • Authors: Hiss; Tony
      Abstract: The author of "Rescuing the Planet: Protecting Half the Land to Heal the Earth" provides an introduction to the Half Earth idea: that "up to half of the earth’s land and water must remain permanently available as living space for other species." The goal, he continues, "is not to exclude people or banish people’s activities, but create a series of shared spaces where people will tread lightly." Doing so will "keep 90% of life and awareness alive."
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Cover, Masthead, and Table of Contents PSF Vol. 39 No. 1

    • Authors: PSF Editorial Team; The
      Abstract: Cover, Masthead, and Table of Contents PSF Vol. 39 No. 1
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Sun of Honey

    • Authors: Coyote; Peter
      Abstract: A poem in the "Verse in Place" section of Parks Stewardship Forum.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • One Beat in the Infinite Heart of Haida Gwaii

    • Authors: Klaagangs (Ernie Gladstone; Nang Kaa , Yu, Brady Ruyin
      Abstract: The authors begin this essay with these remarks: "There’s a phrase in X̱aayda Kil, the Skidegate dialect of the Haida language, that describes the horizon when you can’t tell where the ocean ends and the sky begins: 'Ḵuuya ḵaagan ad siigaay G̱ud gii ts’ahlsgiidan Sky and sea glued together.' Which is to say that the distinction between even the most immutable of boundaries can be blurred. As we approach the tipping point to catastrophic climate change and the world sits precariously at the edge of a potential shift away from respectful co-existence towards intolerance, what lessons can the examination of these liminal spaces offer us' For decades, people have looked to Haida Gwaii for some of these lessons."
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Moving transboundary conservation from Indigenous engagement to Indigenous
           leadership: Working across borders for a resilient Cascadia

    • Authors: Krosby; Meade , Bridge, Gwen , Asinas, Erica T. , Hall, Sonia
      Abstract: As the number of transboundary conservation initiatives continues to grow in response to the twin threats of climate change and biodiversity loss, so too have calls for Indigenous-led conservation that recognizes Indigenous rights and supports Indigenous land and wildlife stewardship. And yet, because many transboundary initiatives have historically been settler-led, such efforts are now contending with how best to pivot toward models of more meaningful Indigenous engagement and leadership. Here, we describe the Cascadia Partner Forum’s recently completed Blueprint for a Resilient Cascadia, a collaborative strategy for supporting large-landscape resilience in the transboundary region of Washington and British Columbia. We reflect on the history of the Cascadia Partner Forum, the collaborative process employed in its development of the Blueprint for a Resilient Cascadia, and its commitment and ongoing effort to ethically and effectively engage with Tribes and...
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Direction for interpretive programming from Alberta Provincial Park
           management plans

    • Authors: Hvenegaard; Glen , Olson, Kiva , Halpenny, Elizabeth
      Abstract: Park management plans provide strategic direction for the future management of specific parks. These plans set goals and strategies for many park management concerns, including ecological integrity, visitor services, facilities, boundaries, and resource allocation. Understanding interpretive goals, topics, and strategies will help a park or park system develop a coherent approach to interpretive planning, delivery, and evaluation. This study determined how interpretation was prioritized in Alberta provincial parks’ management plans. We analyzed 32 management plans based on length (average of 80 pages), age (average of 14 years), goals, topics, and strategies. Overall, 84% of the plans addressed interpretation, devoting an average of 3% of their length to interpretation. The most targeted interpretive goals were “learning,” “increasing positive attitudes,” “behavior change,” and “enjoyment.” The most frequent interpretive topics were “heritage,” “culture,” “conservation,” and...
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Invisible boundaries

    • Authors: Mather; Peter
      Abstract: In the essay prefacing this portfolio of his work, photographer Peter Mather says: "There is nothing we like more as a species than creating boundaries. Boundaries for our yards, our city, our friends, our work, our nations, and our landscapes. It is so interesting to see how animals adapt to, and sometimes ignore, our boundaries. I find that wildlife, whether bears, foxes, or ravens, all have their own personalities, much like us as people, and that every individual animal has a different set of boundaries."
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • The Once and Future Advisory Board

    • Authors: Diamant; Rolf
      Abstract: In this "Letter from Woodstock," our columnist makes the case for why a revived and substantive National Park System Advisory Board is so important for the US National Park Service and the National Park System as a whole.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Blurring boundaries: An invitation to the imagination

    • Authors: Leong; Leslie
      Abstract: The author shares her personal journey of meeting, pushing through, and overcoming boundaries in many guises: as an outdoors and wilderness enthusiast, an engineer, a park administrator, and, now, a photographer and mixed-media artist. She asks: "I wonder if we can blur boundaries of protected areas and re-imagine parks and PAs' Can boundaries of PAs be vague enough to ignite creativity and imagination' How might these re-imagined boundaries achieve protection in perpetuity'"
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Courageous Conversations: Risks, Race, and Recreation in the United States

    • Authors: Pinckney; IV, Harrison P.
      Abstract: The narrative remains unchanged. The racial and ethnic demographics of the United States are changing, yet the agencies that manage our protected areas have not figured out how to prepare for these changes. Researchers and agencies working within protected areas are concerned with one simple question: How do we increase visitation and participation among communities of color' Several studies have focused on issues of constraints and barriers. Initiatives have centered on marketing strategies. Agencies have conducted surveys to examine their hiring practices. Sadly, these have not led to the desired outcomes. So, what are we missing, what ideas have we not explored, what are the appropriate next steps towards closing the perceived gap' It is the position of this paper that researchers have prioritized research questions and methodologies with which they are most familiar and comfortable. Collectively, we have failed to take on the hard questions and processes that are necessary...
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • A Solution to Existential Climate Crisis: RTFM

    • Authors: Davis; Gary E. , Davis, Dorothy A.
      Abstract: This visual essay in "The Photographer's Frame" says that he first step to resolving humanity’s greatest existential threat, the current climate breakdown, may be as simple as “read Earth’s operating manual.”
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Obstacles to removing non-native species from a national park

    • Authors: Dilsaver; Lary M.
      Abstract: Throughout its history, the National Park Service has sought to eliminate or control non-native species within its units. The growing influence of science in natural resource management has made this mandate ever more imperative. Removal of invasive vegetation has proven extremely difficult and may never be complete in many parks. Efforts to eliminate domesticated animals and feral or wild invaders have met many obstacles as well. Channel Islands National Park has managed to get rid of sheep, cattle, pigs, burros, horses, deer, elk, rats, cats, rabbits, turkeys, Argentine ants, and European honey bees. In the process, park managers have had to work through or overcome eight types of impediments as well as virulent opposition. Lessons learned from these campaigns can inform other park managers facing the same types of problems.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Hug a tree, hug a building: Reflections on the management of natural and
           built heritage

    • Authors: Kalman; Harold
      Abstract: A veteran forester refuses to cut down a mammoth, millennium-old Douglas fir on British Columbia’s Vancouver Island. The city council in nearby Victoria designates the stately Empress Hotel as heritage property. The former was an act of environmental conservation; the latter, of built heritage conservation. This essay looks at the two events in the contexts of forest management, historic preservation, climate change, and sustainability. It describes the increasing threats to old-growth and heritage trees, discusses the mitigative tools that are available, and reflects on analogies between safeguarding natural heritage and built heritage. A new management and legislative approach is needed, one that balances science with Indigenous Traditional Knowledge. Until then, advocacy will continue to lead the way. The theme may have been expressed best by an Aboriginal writer from Australia, who reacted to a proposed freeway’s threat to destroy dozens of 800-year-old trees: “Their survival...
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Climate Change Challenges and Science-Based Optimism

    • Authors: Gonzalez; Patrick
      Abstract: The first edition of the new “Climate Change Solutions” column concisely reviews the latest science from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and reasons for hope, if you help with one meaningful carbon solution.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Open to change but stuck in the mud: Stakeholder perceptions of adaptation
           options at the frontlines of climate change and protected areas management

    • Authors: Barr; Stephanie L. , Lemieux, Christopher J. , Larson, Brendon M.H. , Parker, Scott R.
      Abstract: In recent decades, the literature on climate change and biodiversity conservation has proposed numerous climate change adaptation options; however, their effectiveness and feasibility have rarely been evaluated by those involved in frontline decision-making. In this paper, we use data from a two-day climate change adaptation workshop held at Bruce Peninsula National Park and Fathom Five National Marine Park, in Ontario, Canada, to understand stakeholder views on different types of adaptation options. We found that most (45%) adaptation options identified by participants were “conventional” (i.e., they are already in use and are relatively low risk and familiar to practitioners) and oriented towards directing change (i.e., they aim to help species and ecosystems respond to change and transition to a desired future state). These options also received higher effectiveness and feasibility ratings than “novel” ones. The remaining options (55%) were either “conventional” and aimed towards...
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Boundary Thinking Transformed

    • Authors: Walton; Mike
      Abstract: The Guest Editor introduces the theme papers in this issue, and adds his own thoughts and experiences.  As he says: "Created by imagination, and made real by imaginary borders, parks and protected areas invite passionate debates about fundamental human rights, and individual rights and freedoms."
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +000
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