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  Subjects -> GEOGRAPHY (Total: 493 journals)
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Proceedings of the ICA
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2570-2092
Published by Copernicus Publications Homepage  [54 journals]
  • Serbian Atlases in the 19th and Early 20th Century

    • Abstract: Serbian Atlases in the 19th and Early 20th Century
      Jelena Glišović and Žarko Ilić
      Proc. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 4, 119, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-119-2021, 2021
      Atlases published in the Serbian language in the 19th and early 20th century, with rare exceptions were used as an auxiliary teaching tool in geography and history classes. The aim of this paper is to point out all the atlases that were in use in Serbian schools until the beginning of the First World War. The analysis of the content of the atlases was performed and presented, and as well as the different methodologies used by the authors during the creation of the atlas. The connection between the geography curriculum and the content of the atlas was pointed out, in accordance with the changes in the geography curriculum during the time. In addition to school atlases, the first atlases, made by Jovan Cvijić, will be presented, which aimed to show maps that relate to a clearly defined topic and these were the first such atlases within the framework of Serbian cartography.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03T18:20:22+01:00
  • Interactive Map of Coronavirus Spread in Croatia

    • Abstract: Interactive Map of Coronavirus Spread in Croatia
      Robert Župan, Stanislav Frangeš, Adam Vinković, and Lovre Rupić
      Proc. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 4, 118, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-118-2021, 2021
      At the beginning of any crisis, including pandemics, it is very important to provide timely information to expert headquarters at the local and global level so that they can make daily decisions about measures and behavior of the population. Support for this can be a combination of analytical and statistical data together with the locations from which these data were collected. Part of the cartographic visualization deals precisely with the ways of designing and visual presentation based on which it would be clear to the user where the biggest hotspots and the biggest changes are compared to the previous period. The paper describes the origin and proposal of the original dashboard for monitoring the COVID pandemic in Croatia. The dashboard contains and combines thematic data and displays it with the layout and design carefully determined. The goal is for the data to be implemented as soon as it is available to the public. Similar works available on the Internet are also shown. The entire course of making the dashboard for the COVID pandemic and dissemination data is described, as well as data sources, software, problems encountered and solutions.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03T18:20:22+01:00
  • Visualizing Spatiotemporal Epidemic Clusters on a Map-based Dashboard: A
           case study of early COVID-19 cases in Singapore

    • Abstract: Visualizing Spatiotemporal Epidemic Clusters on a Map-based Dashboard: A case study of early COVID-19 cases in Singapore
      Hui Zhang, Chenyu Zuo, and Linfang Ding
      Proc. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 4, 117, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-117-2021, 2021
      Spatiotemporal distribution of the epidemic data plays an important role in its understanding and prediction. In order to understand the transmission patterns of infectious diseases in a more intuitive way, many works applied various visualizations to show the epidemic datasets. However, most of them focus on visualizing the epidemic information at the overall level such as the confirmed counts each country, while spending less effort on powering user to effectively understand and reason the very large and complex epidemic datasets through flexible interactions. In this paper, the authors proposed a novel map-based dashboard for visualizing and analyzing spatiotemporal clustering patterns and transmission chains of epidemic data. We used 102 confirmed cases officially reported by the Ministry of Health in Singapore as the test dataset. This experiment shown that the well-designed and interactive map-based dashboard is effective in shorten the time that users required to mine the spatiotemporal characteristics and transmission chains behind the textual and numerical epidemic data.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03T18:20:22+01:00
  • Accuracy, veracity, and theological truth in the 16th century atlas
           Theatrum Terrae Sanctae

    • Abstract: Accuracy, veracity, and theological truth in the 16th century atlas Theatrum Terrae Sanctae
      Ioana Zamfir
      Proc. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 4, 116, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-116-2021, 2021
      The characteristics and appearance of an authentic map (in conformity with reality), together with the convention about how authenticity should be obtained in a map, continued to change since the beginning of modern cartography along the centuries. As Critical Cartography has emphasised, the authenticity of a map was in many cases just a convincing appearance, hiding intricate ideologies. However, the political role of maps is just one aspect of their significance, which does not exclude the existence of genuine beliefs and ideals which were guiding cartographers and map authors in the creation process.With a long tradition of understanding maps as illustration devices, Renaissance geography blended intimately with the assumptions and debates of the artistic domain of painting. Among these, veracity was a much praised ideal, signifying the ability of the art work to make present the absent things or giving a new life to people or events gone long ago, a perspective which allowed for rich metaphysical implications. In his theological atlas Theatrum Terrae Sanctae, Christian Adrichom used a variety of formula through which he expressed his view on the evocative power of maps, deriving from contemporary theories concerning truth, vision and representation. In this article we will employ the textual analysis of Adrichom’s affirmations, approaching them through the filter of the Intellectual History methodology. This method allows us to discover that the author explored the metaphysical implications of painting realism in order to present and use his maps as Christian devices, equating the veracity of the cartographic medium with the authenticity of Christ’s life and with the theological understanding of truth.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03T18:20:22+01:00
  • Georeferencing skills and student profile. Results from a multivariate
           regression model

    • Abstract: Georeferencing skills and student profile. Results from a multivariate regression model
      Gian Pietro Zaccomer and Maurizia Sigura
      Proc. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 4, 115, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-115-2021, 2021
      The currently IT tools provides increased opportunities to organize professional and recreational activities by interactive maps easily accessible for users. An experiment was conducted to understand if the great potential offered by new technologies match with the ability to produce good quality spatial data by users. The goal was to assess whether their knowledge of GIS affected the quality of their mapping activity by online map-based survey with maps as part of on line questionnaire. The attention was paid to university students as target of potential users of these tools, considering different skills acquired during their studies: from theoretical courses of geography, to theoretical and practical courses (dedicated labs) on GIS. The experiment involved more than 200 students of the University of Udine during the academic year 2019–2020. In this framework, a further study was developed investigating factors playing a role in students’ ability to complete the proposed exercises. The analysis was based on a multiple regression model which assumes the number of exercises completed as a dependent variable, and the student profile characteristics (gender, type of student, knowledge of GIS, and other IT skills) as independent variables. The estimated models pointed out both students’ willingness and deep knowledge of GIS as main factors effected the students’ ability to complete the proposed exercises. Fewer effects were associated to their gender and residence.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03T18:20:22+01:00
  • The impact of scale on spatial connections: an exploratory analysis

    • Abstract: The impact of scale on spatial connections: an exploratory analysis
      Yihong Yuan
      Proc. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 4, 114, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-114-2021, 2021
      Quantifying the intensity of spatial connections has been a crucial topic in many research fields, such as urban transportation, migration, and trade. Researchers have proposed various models, such as the gravity model and the radiation model, to quantify the magnitude of spatial connections. Traditionally, modeling the connections (relatedness) between spatial entities is limited to the physical space, but with the rapid growth of information technologies, the scope of spatial connections extends to the virtual space. However, one topic that has not been fully studied is how spatial scale may impact spatial connections in the virtual space and how this influence can be reflected in spatial decay models. In this study, we used two types of datasets (mass media and social media data) to explore the impact of scale on fitting the distance decay coefficient. The results confirmed that spatial scale can impact the magnitude of spatial decay effects in datasets with different characteristics.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03T18:20:22+01:00
  • Climate and Vine – Representation and communication of spatio-temporal
           relationships in the web application AustrianVineyards.com

    • Abstract: Climate and Vine – Representation and communication of spatio-temporal relationships in the web application AustrianVineyards.com
      Dominik Wieser and Karel Kriz
      Proc. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 4, 113, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-113-2021, 2021
      A central component of the web-based map application AustrianVineyards.com is the communication of the climatic conditions prevailing in the individual wine-growing regions. To accomplish this, it is necessary to obtain the relevant data and process it so that it can be converted into high-quality visualisations. Therefore, the goal is to develop a climate communication tool that is as flexible as possible, so that it is possible to display several meteorological parameters. Moreover, this visualisation should be appealing to experts as well as to laypersons. This paper shows how the data preparation and visualisation is managed so that these demands can be met. The result of the workflow are versatile climate and weather charts that are easy to interpret thanks to the inclusion of historical data. Furthermore, geocommunicative aspects are a central part of the concept through their assignment to wine origins from AustrianVineyards.com and visual properties that make the diagrams comparable with one another.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03T18:20:22+01:00
  • Driving and navigation habits of Austrian drivers

    • Abstract: Driving and navigation habits of Austrian drivers
      Fanni Vörös, Georg Gartner, and Béla Kovács
      Proc. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 4, 112, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-112-2021, 2021
      A proper navigation experience is essential while driving. A navigation device has not only to provide the driver with the right amount of information to find the ideal route (shortest, most spectacular, fastest), but also has to make driving safer. Since the driver looks at the user interface of navigation devices only for a few seconds, it is essential that the appropriate amount of information is in the right place. There are many options for drivers to navigate with: mobile phone app, PDA (Personal Digital Assistant)/PNA (Portable Navigation Assistant) or a built-in GPS Navigation System. The presented research examined the driving and navigation habits of 116 Austrian drivers by considering the differences between the devices they use.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03T18:20:22+01:00
  • Combining multiple shaded reliefs with hypsometric colouring and digital
           orthophotos using free and open-source software

    • Abstract: Combining multiple shaded reliefs with hypsometric colouring and digital orthophotos using free and open-source software
      Adam Vinković, Robert Župan, Stanislav Frangeš, and Damir Medak
      Proc. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 4, 111, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-111-2021, 2021
      In this paper we combined layers created from several terrain rendering techniques, namely a shaded relief rendered in the free and open-source 3D computer graphics software Blender, a hillshade created in the free and opensource Geographic Information System (GIS) software QGIS, a hypsometric coloured Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and a draped digital orthophoto. Following a recent trend in the cartographic community towards using Blender, we tried to improve the standard relief visualization in common GIS software by blending it with a shaded relief rendered in Blender. Using different QGIS blending modes and opacity values we achieved different graphic visualizations. To compare and evaluate the suitability of different rendering techniques we chose national park Risnjak located in Croatia because of its specific and diverse terrain landforms. After comparing different input layers and parameter sets, we selected the blending combination which is best suited for visualizing terrain characteristics of all Croatian national parks. The result is a shaded relief created for every national park which is combined from a shaded relief rendered in Blender, a hillshade created in QGIS, a hypsometric coloured DEM and a draped digital orthophoto.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03T18:20:22+01:00
  • Educational uses of Cartography. An example on the use of GIS to deal with
           depopulation by skill processes

    • Abstract: Educational uses of Cartography. An example on the use of GIS to deal with depopulation by skill processes
      Javier Velilla Gil, Carlos Guallart Moreno, and María Laguna Marín-Yaseli
      Proc. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 4, 110, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-110-2021, 2021
      This paper analyses the use of Cartography made by Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in K 12 education levels with these two objectives:Get students familiar with this type of Geographical representation. Achieve that students get skill learning on Geography and Cartography. To achieve these main objectives, the paper develops and shows some educational resources about depopulation processes in the Spanish region of Aragon. The choice of this topic is based on its cartographical possibilities and to the capacity of these processes to shape land. These educational resources are publicly and freely available to be used with students between 12 and 18 years old.This paper begins justifying the choice of this topic and analysing the pedagogical and educational possibilities of GIS. Second, it is studied the current and past depopulation processes that took place in Aragon, along with the ways of cartographical representation commonly used in education and, the ones used to create these materials, reasoning our choice. Then, the paper describes the materials and resources and provides free downloading links. Fourth, we conclude with the evaluation of the initially proposed objectives, with a focus on the quality and advantages of the use of GIS as educational resource. The paper concludes with some future research suggestions.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03T18:20:22+01:00
  • Automatic vectorization of point symbols on archive maps using deep
           convolutional neural network

    • Abstract: Automatic vectorization of point symbols on archive maps using deep convolutional neural network
      Gergely Vassányi and Mátyás Gede
      Proc. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 4, 109, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-109-2021, 2021
      Archive topographical maps are a key source of geographical information from past ages, which can be valuable for several science fields. Since manual digitization is usually slow and takes much human resource, automatic methods are preferred, such as deep learning algorithms. Although automatic vectorization is a common problem, there have been few approaches regarding point symbols. In this paper, a point symbol vectorization method is proposed, which was tested on Third Military Survey map sheets using a Mask Regional Convolutional Neural Network (MRCNN). The MRCNN implementation uses the ResNet101 network improved with the Feature Pyramid Network architecture and is developed in a Google Colab environment. The pretrained network was trained on four point symbol categories simultaneously. Results show 90% accuracy, while 94% of symbols detected for some categories on the complete test sheet.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03T18:20:22+01:00
  • A new interactive gazetteer of Perczel’s globe

    • Abstract: A new interactive gazetteer of Perczel’s globe
      Zsuzsanna Ungvári, Gábor Gercsák, Mátyás Márton, and László Zentai
      Proc. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 4, 108, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-108-2021, 2021
      As a result of the Perczel Project outlined by Mátyás Márton in 2007 at the Department of Cartography and Geoinformatics of Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE), the complete digital restoration and then reconstruction of the 127.5 cm diameter manuscript globe was completed in 2019. The final cartographic completion of the ongoing task at the department by 2013 – led by Mátyás Márton, the project manager, who carried out this work with the help of Judit Paksi –, which included the work of many lecturers and students, aimed at saving the globe.Using this augmented digital processing, it was also possible to create three artistic copies of Perczel’s globe, which was originally made in 1862. This unique work of art, which has suffered irreparable damage due to the ordeals of the 20th century, is of great cultural value and also very important for our cartographic heritage, has been reborn.Following the digital reconstruction, there was a good opportunity to revive another related project. The website, “The interactive gazetteer of Perczel’s globe”, which was born as a result of the work of Zsuzsanna Ungvári and Tibor Tokai earlier, was also created with a new, expanded content. The present study presents the antecedents of gazetteer creation and describes the most important steps of current processing.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03T18:20:22+01:00
  • Please, Help Me! I Am Lost in Zoom

    • Abstract: Please, Help Me! I Am Lost in Zoom
      Guillaume Touya, María-Jesús Lobo, William A. Mackaness, and Ian Muehlenhaus
      Proc. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 4, 107, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-107-2021, 2021
      LostInZoom is a new research project that will seek to design novel ways of zooming into multi-scale maps, to overcome the desert fog effect that occurs with current multi-scale cartography techniques. The desert fog effect makes you feel lost for a few seconds after a zoom in or out, because the map has changed. The idea developed in this project is to propose anchor-based zooming techniques, where salient landmarks salient at multiple scales serve as anchors between maps during the zoom. This paper discusses the main challenges that will be addressed in this project: (1) better understand and measure the desert fog effect with maps; (2) defining and modelling the best anchors for anchor-based zooming; (3) designing more progressive multi-scale maps to host these anchors; (4) designing staged animations based on anchors between maps at different scales.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03T18:20:22+01:00
  • Multi-Year Spatial Variability of the Impact of Sociodemographic,
           Behavioural, and Health Factors on Depression of Older Adults

    • Abstract: Multi-Year Spatial Variability of the Impact of Sociodemographic, Behavioural, and Health Factors on Depression of Older Adults
      Tian Tian and Eun-Kyeong Kim
      Proc. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 4, 106, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-106-2021, 2021
      The mental health of older adults has become a critical issue with the rising suicide rate in older adults in South Korea. Various factors related to depression can make heterogeneous impacts in different regions. Yet, such spatial perspectives have been rarely integrated with the mental health studies in South Korea. This study aims to explore 1) how differently each factor of sociodemographic characteristics, social interactions, and health-related behaviors is associated with depression of older adults throughout different regions in South Korea, and 2) how those relationships change across five survey years (2008–2016) for a long term. Spatially local regression and small-multiple map visualization were applied to analyze a longitudinal panel survey dataset named KLoSA, collected in South Korea. It is found that age, marital status, in-person social contact frequency, and perceived physical health are significantly correlated with depression in more regions than other variables. The local regression coefficients and significance vary by region and year.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03T18:20:22+01:00
  • Participatory Mapping and SWOT in the context of the Water-Food-Energy
           Nexus for attaining SDGs in Eastern Amazonia

    • Abstract: Participatory Mapping and SWOT in the context of the Water-Food-Energy Nexus for attaining SDGs in Eastern Amazonia
      Gislleidy Uchôa Tavares, Regina Balbino da Silva, Thomaz Willian de Figueiredo Xavier, Adryane Gorayeb, and Christian Brannstrom
      Proc. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 4, 105, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-105-2021, 2021
      The nexus concept is applied to many global contexts to generate understanding of the relations among the water, food and energy sectors and to guide investigations that seek to improve living conditions of marginalized communities. This work analyses the nexus by means of qualitative and participative methodologies at a community scale with the objective of understanding how residents of traditional communities perceive the interconnections among water, food, and energy. SWOT and participatory mapping methodologies were utilized complementarily to map the water, food, and energy contexts of Ponta do Urumajó community, located in Pará state, Brazil. Participatory mapping and SWOT create quali-quantitative data, enabling the participation of individuals in the production of participatory maps of their territories and the material and symbolic appropriation of spaces, constituting a political and social strategy for empowerment and autonomy. These methods provided the basis for learning and reflecting on the social, environmental, territorial, and political reality in terms of the water, food, and energy nexus, making it possible to use the data for achieving the SDGs, creating future public policies or more rational community management adjusted to the local reality.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03T18:20:22+01:00
  • New topographic maps for the Czech Armed Forces

    • Abstract: New topographic maps for the Czech Armed Forces
      Václav Talhofer, Luboš Bělka, and Filip Dohnal
      Proc. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 4, 104, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-104-2021, 2021
      Geographic services of NATO member states produce standardised topographic maps for geographic support of their foreign missions. The MGCP data are used for the maps creation of the scales of 1:50,000 and 1:100,000. Topographic maps used for military training in own territory mostly remain in original form without full standardisation. NATO with support of the Defence Geospatial Information Working Group prepares a new standard for the Defence Topographic Map. The geographic service of the Armed Forces of the Czech Republic has started the preparation process of the new topographic maps edition compliant with the new standard. Two prototypes of map sheets of scales of 1:25,000 and 1:50,000 were created in 2020, which serve for basic verification of map content symbolisation and applied technology. Procedures for generalization of the map content for the scale of 1:100,000 will be completed in next two years.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03T18:20:22+01:00
  • Bivariate representation of population density using public and private
           drinking and wastewater infrastructure

    • Abstract: Bivariate representation of population density using public and private drinking and wastewater infrastructure
      Georgianna Strode and Victor Mesev
      Proc. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 4, 103, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-103-2021, 2021
      Drinking and wastewater infrastructure consists of both public and private usage. On each property parcel, drinking water can be privately provided by a well or publicly provided through a municipality. Wastewater can be a private septic tank or a public sewer. Property parcels can use all private, all public, or a combination of public and private solutions. It is important for planners and city officials to have knowledge of these systems, and it is also important to know the number of people using each type of infrastructure to prioritize resources and plan for future expansions. Visualizing the complexity of these data using separate univariate maps is aesthetically inferior involving back and forth comparisons. Further, the univariate maps represent land parcels only and do not capture the population that is using each type of water infrastructure. Our research develops a single bivariate map that facilitates the visualization of population using both public and private drinking and wastewater solutions simultaneously. The bivariate map is tended for use by planners, city officials, environmentalists, and others interested in the visualization of the spatial patterns of water infrastructure within one complete map.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03T18:20:22+01:00
  • Enhancing Participatory Development in Morocco: Analyzing the Sketch
           Mapping Behaviour of Men and Women and Integrating Paper and Digital
           Participatory Mapping Environments

    • Abstract: Enhancing Participatory Development in Morocco: Analyzing the Sketch Mapping Behaviour of Men and Women and Integrating Paper and Digital Participatory Mapping Environments
      Cora Stern and Matthew Rice
      Proc. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 4, 102, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-102-2021, 2021
      Twelve participatory paper maps by separate groups of men and women were facilitated by the High Atlas Foundation in six communities in Morocco between 2010–2020 as part of their process of participatory development. In this research, these sketch maps are analyzed for the first time. The twelve participatory paper maps underwent a gender-focused content frequency analysis. Seven communities were located using OpenStreetMap and Google Maps by a High Atlas Foundation expert. It was found that men contributed more overall geographic elements and written Arabic commentary than women, which could indicate a higher level of familiarity with their community and comfortability in communicating their opinions in writing. It was also found that there are many barriers to adding data from the sketch maps to OpenStreetMap due to language, loss of institutional memory, inconsistencies between the sketch maps of the same location, and inconsistencies between the sketch maps and satellite imagery.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03T18:20:22+01:00
  • Synthesis of Geospatial Database and Interdisciplinary to Achieve NSDS for
           Downtown Alexandria, Egypt Vision 2030

    • Abstract: Synthesis of Geospatial Database and Interdisciplinary to Achieve NSDS for Downtown Alexandria, Egypt Vision 2030
      Mohamed Soliman, Tomoyuki Usami, Satoshi Imamura, Keiji Yano, Hrishikesh Ballal, Abbas Mohamed Abbas, Tharwat Abdel Fattah, Sameh El-Kafrawy, Hossam El-Sayed, and Amr El-Shafie
      Proc. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 4, 101, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-101-2021, 2021
      Natural hazard and over than 2300 of human activities impacted on Alexandria, causing a deep topographic and urban transformation. In integration with cosmopolitanism, the cultural heritage diversity of Alexandria has been generated that is still surviving although hectic development of its contemporary potentiality, basically as the main harbour of Egypt, tourism, commercial and industrial activities.Team of DMUCH- Ritsumeikan University has constructed geospatial database of Alexandria using historic map and satellite imagery in integration with interdisciplinary basically, remote sensing and geophysics, aiming to figure out the historical context of the land use and urban evolution of the city, so far. Meanwhile, geodesign approach was adopted to innovate a change model. So, the adopted synthetic approach supports stakeholders and decision makers to outline action plans to achieve SDGs for Downtown Alexandria within NSDS, Egypt vision 2030.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03T18:20:22+01:00
  • Design of an Atlas of Significant Natural Disasters

    • Abstract: Design of an Atlas of Significant Natural Disasters
      Denitsa Siteva and Silvia Marinova
      Proc. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 4, 100, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-100-2021, 2021
      Natural disasters change every year, which leads to anomalies and subsequently causing more and more damage. Therefore, it is important that people receive as much information for disasters as possible, in order to be aware of their power and consequences. The clearest way to transmit information about a disaster, before, during and after its occurrence, is to map it. This paper discusses the applicability of atlas mapping, and the process of creating an “Atlas of significant natural disasters, around the world, for 2019”. The Atlas collects, and consolidates historical and up-to-date information on natural disasters around the globe, including tropical cyclones, earthquakes, floods, pandemics and wild fires. By combining this information with data on population and infrastructure, the Atlas provides users with a better understanding of current hazards and their potential impacts.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03T18:20:22+01:00
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