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  Subjects -> GEOGRAPHY (Total: 493 journals)
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Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2454-7352
Published by Science-res Publishing Homepage  [5 journals]
  • Mapping of Sensitive Coastal Spaces and Environments to Preserve in the
           west of the Coastal Zone of Côte d’Ivoire

    • Authors: Jacques André Tiemele, Eric Valère Djagoua, Hafsa Ouattara, Léon-Fils Adou
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Aims: Identification of remarkable areas or spaces of ecological and biological interest in the west of the ivorian coastal zone in order to propose action strategies for the preservation of these sites, supported by legal guidelines for the protection of these remarkable spaces. Place and Duration of Study: Western ivorian coast, November to December 2023. Methodology: A participatory and inclusive approach was adopted in order to take into account the views, opinions, concerns and needs of all stakeholders operating in this part of the coastal zone. A cartographic database was created from the 2023 Sentinel 2 satellite image of the Ivorian coastal area. Digital processing of the 10 m spatial resolution image using ARCGIS 10 software made it possible to digitize the land cover layers of this coastal zone. Results: From Cavally River bordering Liberia-west Tabou border, we have identified 17 coastal sites to be protected, including 4 rivers, 4 biological sites (Voluntary Forest Reserve, Sea turtle nesting sites, Mangrove areas and the new marine protected area planned) and 9 villages. As for the Tabou est-Grand-Béréby coast, there are 23 sites including 8 rivers, 8 biological sites (Marine Protected Area, Voluntary nature reserve, Community forests, Sacred forests, Mangrove areas, Sea turtle nesting sites) and 7 localities threatened by marine flooding. Conclusion: Costal sites must be protected by several tools whose protection methods make it possible to adapt to the local context. Thus, on sites, we frequently combine regulatory protection tools, to limit or prohibit certain uses, and contractual tools to finance restoration actions or encourage more sustainable practices, and this, from the implementing decree on sensitive coastal areas and sites to be protected from Law No. 2017-378 of June 2, 2017 relating to the development, protection and integrated management of the littoral.
      PubDate: 2024-06-20
      DOI: 10.9734/jgeesi/2024/v28i7785
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 7 (2024)
       
  • Effectiveness of State and Non-state Land Resource Management Institutions
           in the Mungo Landscape of Cameroon

    • Authors: John Ayuk-Nchong Mbeng, Jude Ndzifon Kimengsi, Eyong Ayuk Ako Ebot
      Pages: 11 - 26
      Abstract: Institutions play pivotal roles in the governance of land, especially in the realm of conflict management around resource sites. This validates the continuous interest to uncover the relative roles of state and non-state institutions in resource management in sub-Saharan Africa, including Cameroon. In several ecological zones of Cameroon, studies that explore the role of state and non-state institutions in land resource management are lacking – the Mungo Landscape is a classic example. The aim of this study was to explore local awareness and effectiveness of state and non-state institutions in the management of land resource use and conflicts, and to analyze factors shaping compliance with state and non-state land resource management institutions. This paper adopts a random sampling approach to obtain data from 310 households in the Mungo Landscape, targeting Njombe-Penja, Mbanga and Loum communities. The data was complemented by 20 key informant interviews of land resource users. The data obtained was analyzed using quantitative methods (Chi-Square) and qualitative analysis (content and Thematic Analysis). The study reveals that only 5%, 4% and 6% reported respectively high levels of awareness on land tenure laws, mining laws and laws on Environmental protection and Management respectively in the Mungo corridor. The perceptional evaluations showed no significant difference in the effectiveness of state institutions and customary institutions in land resource use in the Mungo Corridor of Cameroon (X2 = 0.833, p = 0.361). The study concludes that state institutions are more effective in shaping land resource management than non-state ones. Based on this, the study suggests the need for the joint engagement of state and non-state institutions in land resource use in the Mungo Corridor of Cameroon. Further studies should be conducted to detail quantify the effectiveness of both the state institutions and customary institutions in land resource use in the Mungo Corridor of Cameroon. Also, the factors promoting compliance with state and non-state resource management institutions should be further researched and quantified.
      PubDate: 2024-06-29
      DOI: 10.9734/jgeesi/2024/v28i7786
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 7 (2024)
       
  • Monitoring of Trace Elements in Groundwater of Municipal Area at Kushtia
           and Jhenaidah District of Bangladesh

    • Authors: Tanjina Nasrin Eva, Kamrun Nahar, Md. Durul Hoda, Md. Mazedul Haque Sachchu, Sabrina Afrin, Miss Nushrat Jahan Lima, Md. Touhid Hasan Shuvo, Md. Ashraful Alam
      Pages: 27 - 39
      Abstract: Groundwater samples from the municipal residential areas of the Pearatola, Kushtia (23.897975° N and 89.123735° E) and the DPHE, Jhenaidah (23.544454° N and 89.164694° E) districts were analyzed for trace elements determination of Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn), Lead (Pb), Cadmium (Cd) and Zinc (Zn) evaluating the health effect of these trace elements is the prime object of this investigation. Fe, Mn, Pb, Cd and Zn in groundwater water were determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) on direct flame methods. The examined concentrations of Fe, Mn, Pb, Cd and Zn are respectively 0.740 mg/L, 0.370 mg/L, 0.040 mg/L, 0.0040 mg/L and 0.0570 mg/L (ppm) which were present in the groundwater sample of Kushtia. The absolute concentrations of Fe, Mn, Pb, Cd and Zn are respectively 0.490 mg/L, 0.220 mg/L, 0.030 mg/L, 0.0030 mg/L and 0.0310 mg/L (ppm) which were present in the groundwater sample of Jhenaidah.  Fe contamination of examined areas samples in 0.740 ppm and 0.490 ppm of cases exceeded the WHO criteria and 0.30 ppm exceeded BD standards which is a very scary risk factor for human health. The investigated data should be useful and helpful for general public awareness intake of groundwater.
      PubDate: 2024-07-04
      DOI: 10.9734/jgeesi/2024/v28i7787
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 7 (2024)
       
 
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