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Geopauta : Revista de Geografia da Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2594-5033
Published by Universidade Estadual do Suodeste da Bahia Homepage  [10 journals]
  • Phytogeography and Phytosociology as subfields of Physical Geography

    • Authors: David Mendes Macelli Pinto, Francisco Ariel, Simone
      Abstract: The present work aimed to treat and discuss the conceptualization of Biogeography, as one of the fields of study of Geography; of Phytogeography, sub-area of ​​Biogeography, and of Phytosociology, as a sub-branch of Phytogeography, demonstrating the close connection between these and geographic science. As methodological processes consisted of literature review on the subject, document analysis on electronic sites, elaboration of a schema and explanatory table. The research points out that Physical Geography created subareas that aimed to understand natural phenomena in integral parts, Biogeography, for example, branched out into distinct parts such as Phytogeography and Phytosociology to understand the spatialization and organization of plant communities, and above all, characterize them.
      PubDate: 2022-11-07
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e11160
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • Professores de Geografia do ensino médio: formação e
           práticas pedagógicas

    • Authors: Hanneli Souza Almeida Santos, Benedito Eugenio, Sandra Márcia Campos Pereira
      Abstract: Este artigo apresenta os resultados de uma pesquisa que analisou a formação e as práticas pedagógicas de docentes de Geografia do ensino médio. O aporte teórico empregado é o de Basil Bernstein, especificamente com o conceito de recontextualização e o método do ciclo de políticas. O tipo de pesquisa empregado foi o estudo de caso. Para a construção dos dados, foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com quatro professores de Geografia do ensino médio. Os resultados revelaram que as reformas curriculares nacional e estadual trouxeram mudanças negativas para os professores e para a disciplina, pois a influência de agentes do setor privado nas políticas e as demandas do mercado de trabalho, refletidas nas reformas, prejudicaram a recontextualização e a prática de ensino.
      PubDate: 2022-11-07
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e11210
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • Property and appropriation in the neighborhood of Pinheirinho –
           Alfenas/MG

    • Authors: Evânio dos Santos Branquinho, Danilo Lenine Ferreira do Amaral
      Abstract: The purpose of this research is to investigate the property and appropriation associated with the production of space in Pinheirinho neighbourhood – Alfenas/MG.  The investigation about the production os space requires mobilization in triads based upon categories and concepts. The triads allow us in interpretating the relationships between production and reproduction in the neighborhood, highlighted by the strong presence of the real estate sector and the State, which take action for valorization of urban land. Another aspect that was revealed was the use at the level of survival of the residents. The methodological procedures adopted are based on bibliographical review; semi-estructured based interviews by the neighborhood’s residents and surroundings, councilors, mayor, city officials and merchants; statistical data survey, cartographic and photographic.
      PubDate: 2022-11-07
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e11258
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • Morphometry and urban floods in the Jaguaribe River basin, Salvador-BA

    • Authors: André Luiz Dantas Estevam, Diego Corrêa Maia
      Abstract: The aim of this research was to analyze the morphometric indices and their correlations with the episodes of floods in the Jaguaribe River basin. The landscape in the river basin is modified by the urbanization that resulted in the waterproofing of soils and the alteration of river channels. The use of geoprocessing techniques combined with the analysis of several technical works on the subject resulted in the Drainage Network Map. The studies in this map associated with the use of calculation methodologies indicated that morphometry would contribute to the rapid flow of water due to the elongated shape of the basin. However, with the intense anthropogenic changes, BHRJ currently has a strong propensity for urban floods
      PubDate: 2022-11-06
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e10755
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • The Advancement of Neoliberalism and Brazilian Agrarian Reform

    • Authors: Daniel Féo Castro de Araújo , Fernando Luiz Araújo Sobrinho
      Abstract: The purpose of this article is to analyze the recent changes in agrarian policy since the government of Fernando Henrique Cardoso, and the neoliberal influence on the agrarian spatial structure; with an emphasis on the main implications for peasants and rural peoples. The time frame of government policy is due to the fact that there are already consistent studies of periods of previous governments. A comparative analysis is carried out for the governments of Luiz Inácio da Silva, Dilma Rousseff and her successor Michel Temer and the two years of government of the extreme right that gathered around Jair Bolsonaro.
      PubDate: 2022-11-06
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.10947
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • Overviewe of a Paraíba mining: industrialization as development
           promise

    • Authors: Monique Alessandra Seidel , Gustavo Ferreira Costa Lima , Edevaldo Silva
      Abstract: This study observed and discussed the mining activity in the State of Paraíba from the data of the Financial Compensation for Exploitation of Mineral Resources (CFEM). The characteristics of this activity were discussed, identifying the most exploited ores and intense mining regions. In addition, it discusses these data observing the possible environmental conflicts involved in the context. For this, a decennial (2012-2021) and triennial (2019-2021) historical study of mineral extraction in the state was conducted to analyze advances and geographic trends of this activity. There are more than 30 minerals extracted in 29 municipalities. Five of them concentrate 80% of the CFEM collected, mainly, from the extraction of titanium (ilmenite), zircon and limestone, and mineral water. Socio-environmental concerns surround some of these activities.
      PubDate: 2022-11-06
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e10953
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • Nonlinear dynamic geomorphological systems: A review

    • Authors: Matheus Silveira de Queiroz, José Alberto Lima de Carvalho
      Abstract: The complexity science presented a proposal for a paradigmatic rupture in the scientific environment. Among other advances, his greatest contribution is in the understanding of non-linear dynamic systems, which predominate in nature, thus revolutionizing the concept and analysis of physical systems. Several complexity theories can be applied to relief analysis, from the perspective of non-linear systems, and this paradigm has the potential to revolutionize the studies of morphological systems, in addition to integrating several topics that were previously analyzed in isolation. In this work, the concepts of Dissipative Structures, Chaos Theory, Catastrophe Theory and Fractal Geometry are presented, seeking to correlate with the analysis of non-linear dynamic geomorphological systems, sustaining that these theories have theoretical-methodological potential fully applicable in studies of geomorphology.
      PubDate: 2022-11-05
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e10651
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • Tourism and socio-spatial segregation: the case of Porto Seguro-Bahia

    • Authors: Lavínia Fragas de Oliveira
      Abstract: The city is produced by everyone, however, it is not consumed equally. Based on this premise, this article sought to discuss the urban space of the city of Porto Seguro-Bahia and the role of tourism in the socio-spatial segregation very present in this territory. To achieve the proposed objective, a bibliographic review was carried out on the following themes: urban space, socio-spatial segregation, tourism and urbanization in Porto Seguro. Aiming to understand from what moment the city starts to be organized in tourist and non-tourist spaces, and what factors influenced the fragmentation of this space.
      PubDate: 2022-11-05
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e10665
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • Characteristics and structuring of agriculture in the Immediate Geographic
           Region of Pau dos Ferros: notes from the Agricultural Census of 2017

    • Authors: Boanerges de Freitas Barreto Filho
      Abstract: The objective is to discuss the characteristics and structuring of the Agricultural Sector in the context of the Immediate Geographic Region of Pau dos Ferros. Bibliographic research was carried out in IBGE databases. The results indicate the loss of participation of the Agropecuary VAB in the Total VAB; relevant presence of minifúndios and modest governmental action in the distribution of land; predominance of family farming in the generation of occupations; incipient use of technological contributions in production; dissemination of rural electrification and marked presence of water resources. It is concluded that Agriculture has lost economic importance, remains with an incompatible land structure, has more than 80% of family establishments, has low technical and technological capacity to carry out production and even so generates almost 40,000 occupations.
      PubDate: 2022-04-30
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e10393
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • Expansion of COVID 19 in the State of Ceará: specialization from the
           elderly population of the municipality of Milhã – CE

    • Authors: Epaminondes Pinheiro Machado Neto
      Abstract: The present study spatializes the elderly population of the municipality of Milhã - Ceará by census sectors in three categories: Number of inhabitants, literate population and head of household population, in line with the analysis of the expansion of the virus and hospital bed occupancy rates in the municipalities of the state of Ceará. Ceará. For this purpose, data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics - IBGE for the year 2010 and records on COVID-19 at the Ceará Health Department were adopted. Thus, it was possible to identify that rural areas have a greater amount of elderly population than urban areas, and that a large part of this population is the head of the family, without access to literacy and living far from health care centers.
      PubDate: 2022-04-30
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e10595
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • Implications of the gender approach in migratory studies

    • Authors: John Wolter Oliveira Silva
      Abstract: The gender approach to study population migrations is a powerful way to highlight the participation and protagonism of women in these movements. This essay is based on the following question: What are the implications of the gender approach in migratory studies' To this end, the objective is to discuss the main characteristic aspects of the gender approach in studies on population migrations with emphasis on female migrations. The theoretical framework consists of Domenech and Dias (2020), Gil (2004), Julià (1998), Piscitelli (2013), Pizarro (2003), Guizard, Torralba and Stefoni (2018) and Sassen (2003). Therefore, the reflections in this writing started from the transdisciplinary effort to discuss the theme based on an articulation between the literature used on gender and mobility of the female population.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e10541
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of rainfall variability and its contribution to the study of
           urban climate in the city of Feira de Santana-BA

    • Authors: Michelle Silva, Josefa Eliane Santana de Siqueira Pinto, Francisco Jablinski Castelhano
      Abstract: The article proposes to identify the rainfall pattern for the municipality of Feira de Santana-BA. For this purpose, two statistical techniques were applied to propose the ordering of the indexes, both monthly and annual, namely, Sturges formula and the quartile technique. The treatment of the data took place through the tabulation, elaboration of graphs and tables, which were executed in the Excel and Qtiplot software. As a synthesis of the results generated, the technique of representation by the box plot graphs and the summary table is used. It was found that the greatest variability occurs in the summer, highlighted by the occurrence of variability and high rainfall that trigger hydrometeoric impacts. Less variability in spring, seasonality with greater predictability of reduced rainfall volumes.
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e10251
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • Considerations on science and technology

    • Authors: Victor de Souza Cardoso, Alexandrina Luz Conceição
      Abstract: In the present article, we search to discuss science and technology as productive forces and ideological instruments controlled and determined by capital to enhance the production of plus-value. We read the theme based on comprehension of the relations between Humankind and Nature mediated by work and its specificities in capitalism. In our understanding, the scientific production and the consequent materialization in technologies do not occur isolated from the existing relations of production as long as they are related to it. For this, we sustain our analysis on the historical-dialectical materialism method through the categories of totality, mediation, and contradiction, which allow us to read the concrete reality.
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e10345
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • Between medium and small, the dynamics of sub-regional cities in Bahia

    • Authors: Janio Santos
      Abstract: The purpose of this article is to analyze the characteristics in the urban network of sub-regional cities, which are located between small (which do not have regional functions) and medium (which are articulated on larger scales). In Bahia, there are some cities in this group. Due to the policies of economic and administrative decentralization and deconcentration, these cities acquired new functions, when receiving state establishments of regional management. In certain cases, they have branches of companies, real estate products, etc. It is expected with this text new analyzes about these existing cities in Bahia and Brazil to advance in the elaboration of a concept or even a notion that allows a better understanding of its features, logics and articulations to avoid, from our point of view, incorrect generalizations.
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e10162
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • Territorial development with a focus on agrobiodiversity of food systems

    • Authors: Ana Cristina Oliveira de Almeida, Horasa Maria Lima da Silva Andrade, Luciano Pires de Andrade
      Abstract: The objective of this research is to analyze the production, use and commercialization of products linked to agrifood systems. Semi-structured interviews were carried out, among other participatory methodologies, with members of the Cooperativa Mixta de Produção e Comercialização Campesina do Estado de Alagoas - COOPCAM. The cooperative activity of processing fruit in pulp, jam and wine has economic relevance for the members, and the agrobiodiversity identified in the agroecosystems allows us to conclude that the analyzed agrifood systems are important for food security, in addition to being a source of income for families for through fruit processing, and that this activity can be enhanced with the support of public policies, such as PAA and PNAE.
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e10476
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • Perception of the landscape in teaching geography: designing the “our
           everyday” landscape

    • Authors: José Marcelo Soares de Oliveira , José Falcão Sobrinho, Francisco Nataniel Batista Albuquerque
      Abstract: This article presentsresults of the application of the workshop “Drawing our daily landscape”, through the representation of the landscape through art, more specifically, through drawings, for students of Basic Education, specifically, Elementary School II, in the municipality of Meruoca, Ceará. We aim to demonstrate the playful capacity that the artistic tool can promote a better assimilation about the reality lived in the Semi-Arid environment, through representation of the landscape. We adopted the insertion of drawing workshops using phenomenology as a methodological tool. It is worth emphasizing the question of the applicability of such alternatives in the practice of teaching in Geography, especially Physical Geography, it can cause an involvement of the participants, under the influence of a playful perspective, aiming at a lighter strategy.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e10092
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • Urban expansion and environmental problems: the case of Teotônio Vilela
           neighborhood, Ilhéus, Bahia

    • Authors: Nauana Teixeira Pinto, Gilselia Lemos Moreira
      Abstract: In the city of Ilhéus, Bahia, urban expansion processes are directly and indirectly related to social and environmental problems. From this perspective, the objective of this work is to identify the environmental impacts resulting from the urban expansion process in the Teotônio Vilela neighborhood. Therefore, the methodology consisted of a broad theoretical review, qualitative and quantitative information surveys (basic sanitation, water supply, electricity, sewage, garbage disposal) based on the 2010 census (IBGE, 2010 ), in addition, information on the spatial-temporal evolution of land use and occupation was also considered from maps of the neighborhood in the periods 2006, 2012, 2020, available from the Annual Mapping of Land Cover and Land Use Project in Brazil (MapBiomas, 2021)
      PubDate: 2022-04-24
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e10067
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • Production of urban space in Marabá (PA): trajectories and processes

    • Authors: Silvana de Sousa Silva
      Abstract: Analyzes are carried out, mediated by the survey of authors and theoretical foundations, about the process of production of urban space in Marabá, and the processes that contributed to the spatial configurations that make up today. The survey carried out made it possible to identify a trajectory that presents similarities, but also particularities, when reading about the process of constitution of cities in the Amazon, influencing the production of an urban space that presents organization in Nuclei that have peculiar characteristics, containing also representations of the trajectory of the city's constitution process.
      PubDate: 2022-04-24
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e10094
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • The space category in the construction of identity

    • Authors: Mateus da Silva Teixeira, Reginaldo Conceição da silva
      Abstract: The human sciences are important for the understanding of society, but science geography has been one of the main bridges for studies on the relations of man and nature, incorporated in the face of the categories, space, place, territory, landscape and region. In this theoretical essay, we sought to understand the conceptual evolution of the theme and understand how the category of space builds identity. The general objective was thought; reflect on space as a category of the geographic epistemological basis for the construction of identity. In addition, some of the main classical theoretical contributions (Eric Dardel, Alfredo Wagner Berno de Almeida, Ana fani Alessandri Carlos, Stuart Hall, Henry Lafebvre, Karl Marx, Milton Santos) were used in order to understand evolution of the concepts of space for the construction of identity.
      PubDate: 2022-04-16
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e9272
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • City science and urban plan: geoprocessing as instrument of municipal
           strategic planning

    • Authors: Paulo Henrique Neves Santos, Marcelo Geovane da Cruz , Wallace Fernando da Silva Santos
      Abstract: Urban spaces are characterized by ongoing complex and dynamic processes, which demand public management to develop a multiple and integrated perspective. This article aims to discuss municipal urban planning in public administration. Herein we adopt the Evidence-Based Planning (EBP) methodology, basing the analysis on government data geoprocessing. Given the above-mentioned objective, a bibliographic review and a cartographic production were carried out, which led to a compilation of the main EBP-based works undertaken in Aracaju-SE and their consequences to the city. We conclude the article by presenting a critical analysis of the methodology applicability at municipal level, highlighting positive aspects and main difficulties that might make its application unfeasible.
      PubDate: 2022-04-15
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e9180
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • Landscape and field class

    • Authors: Nathália Nascimento de Paternostro, Tereza G. N. Torezani Fontes
      Abstract: This study consists of a bibliographic research on the evolution of the landscape concept in Geographic Science, the use of the landscape concept in Elementary School linked to field class, as well as an analysis of the National Common Curriculum Base, in order to verify which year of elementary school would be more appropriate to apply a landscaperelated field lesson, with a local perspective. Therefore, the main objective of the work is to highlight the importance of the field class in Basic Education, allied to the study of the landscape concept on a local scale, enabling students to perceive themselves as agents in the spaces in which they live what contributes in the teaching-learning process and also in citizen action.
      PubDate: 2022-04-06
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e8929
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • The perennialization of rivers through the construction of dams in the
           Brazilian northeastern semiarid region

    • Authors: Adauto Pereira de Carvalho Junior, Roberto Pereira de Novais, Manoel Alves de Oliveira
      Abstract: This article analyzes the perennialization of the Jaguaribe, Piranhas Açu and Capibaribe Brazil’s rivers, from the construction of dams along their courses, due to the need to capture water to supply municipalities that suffer from the scarcity of this water resource in the Region East Northeast Atlantic Hydrographic from Brazil. The research has a bibliographical and qualitative approach. The results of the investigation showed that, although the construction of dams are seen as simple political practices, they cause environmental impacts such as the deforestation of riparian forests on the banks of these rivers. Thus, through reflections on the theme, it is understood that these works do not mean a definitive solution, but a guarantee of securing, with dignity, the inhabitants of the hydrographic region.
      PubDate: 2022-04-03
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e9401
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • Rural Social Security in Itabaiana-SE: introductory analysis

    • Authors: Júnio Andrade Menezes, José Eloízio da Costa
      Abstract: The universalization right to rural retirement in Brazil is recent. The social protection system before the Federal Constitution of 1988 had requirements that segregated small family farmers. Given this, the present work seeks reflect, empirical-analytical bias, the historical process of rural social security in Brazil and its socioeconomic impacts on the life of family farmers in the municipality of Itabaiana-SE. The methodological procedures went through theoretical reflections, data collection and fieldwork. The spatial area studied in 2020, according the INSS, there were 2,989 urban retirees and 6,364 rural retirees. A fact that demonstrates the socioeconomic importance that social security has lives social actors who live in the rural areas of Itabaiana-SE and in the reduction of poverty in Brazil.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e8910
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • Monoculture of the eucalyptus in the degradation of nature and work’s
           social forces, in the Pardo river basin, municipality of Encruzilhada/BA

    • Authors: Joctan Moreno Viana, Suzane Tosta Souza
      Abstract: In the capitalist crisis, there is an intensification of the conflicts for ambiental resources, provoking the nature exploration. Lands concentration and the salaried employment changes the concrete work's principles, causing disagreement. In the municipality of Encruzilhada/BA, the eucalyptus in the logging logic for charcoal production exports the natural resources causing the unsustainability of this model. The society-work-nature relation becomes fundamental to explain the ways of subjection of the peasants to capitalism, this comprehension allows the understanding of the real concrete experienced in the agribusiness territory.  With these collisions, the peasants attempt to resist, remaining in the countryside, through civil society organizations, via associativism, social movements, non-governmental organizations and churches.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e8924
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
  • O terroir como categoria geográfica: origem e abordagens conceituais.

    • Authors: Edvaldo Oliveira, Gerson dos Santos Lisboa, Vinícius de Amorim Silva
      Pages: 11291 - 11291
      Abstract: The concept of terroir translated as "gut da terre" has been discussed in the spheres of traditional agricultural production theory as opposed to the globalization of agriculture. Although the concept does not have a literal translation, its origin is ancient but consolidated in France, specifically in viticulture and brings many questions in an attempt to apply to other cultures. The article searches in foreign literature the concept and forms of maintenance of the terroir called natural in contraposition to the conception of what it called technological terroir, based on a large production. The article defends the small property as an example of the natural terroir from the characteristics that involve the physical conditions such as soil and climate.
      PubDate: 2022-11-07
      DOI: 10.22481/rg.v6.e2022.e11291
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2022)
       
 
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