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  Subjects -> GEOGRAPHY (Total: 493 journals)
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Hungarian Geographical Bulletin
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2064-5031 - ISSN (Online) 2064-5147
Published by Hungarian Academy of Sciences Homepage  [2 journals]
  • Estimating relative sunshine duration from commonly available
           meteorological variables for simulating biome distribution in the
           Carpathian Region

    • Authors: Zoltán Szelepcsényi, Hajnalka Breuer, Nándor Fodor
      Pages: 3 - 19
      Abstract: Bright sunshine duration (BSD) data are required for simulating biomes using process-based vegetation models.
      However, monthly global paleoclimate datasets that can be used in paleo data–model comparisons do not necessarily contain BSD or radiation data. Considering the theoretical and practical aspects, the scheme of Yin, X. (1999) is here recommended to estimate monthly time series of relative BSD using only monthly climate and location data. As a case study for the Carpathian Region, the efficiency of both the original and a variant of that scheme is analysed in this paper. The alternative scheme has high applicability in paleoenvironmental studies. Comparison of the estimated and observed BSD data shows that from May to August, the value of relative root mean squared error in more than 90 percent of the study area does not exceed the threshold of 20 percent, indicating an excellent performance of the original estimation scheme. It is also found that though the magnitude of overestimation for the alternative algorithm is significant in the winter period, the proposed method performs similarly well in the growing season as the original. Furthermore, concerning modelling the distribution of biomes, simulation experiments are performed to assess the effects of modifying some configuration settings: (a) the generation of relative BSD data, and (b) the algorithm used to create quasi-daily weather data from the monthly values. Under both the recent humidity conditions of the study region and the spatial resolution of the climate dataset used, the results can be considered sufficiently robust, regardless of the configuration settings tested. Thus, using monthly temperature and precipitation climatologies, the spatial distribution of biomes can be properly simulated with the configuration settings proposed here
      PubDate: 2022-03-27
      DOI: 10.15201/hungeobull.71.1.1
      Issue No: Vol. 71, No. 1 (2022)
  • Appearance of climatic cycles and oscillations in Carpathian Basin
           precipitation data

    • Authors: Csaba Ilyés, Péter Szűcs, Endre Turai
      Pages: 21 - 37
      Abstract: A number of climatic cycles and teleconnections are known on the Earth. By definition, the cycles can have a periodic effect on the global climate, while teleconnections can influence the weather at large distances. At the same time, it is overwhelmingly assumed that the hydrological cycle is permanently intensifying all over the world. In this study, we determine and quantify some connections among these climatic cycles and precipitation data from across Hungary. By using cross-correlation and cross-spectral analysis, the connections of the climatic patterns and oscillations with the precipitation of different Hungarian areas have been defined. We used the 1950–2010 timeframe in order to be able to detect effects of several climatic patterns, such as the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), the Arctic Oscillation (AO), the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), the Pacific/North American teleconnection pattern (PNA) and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) on the rainfall events of the Carpathian Basin. Data from four different precipitation measurement sites and oscillation indexes from several databases were used. The results help to understand the patterns and regularities of the precipitation, which is the major source of natural groundwater recharge, and a handy tool for future groundwater management measures. Because of the defined connections, any changes in these teleconnections will probably influence the future utilization of the Hungarian groundwater resources.
      PubDate: 2022-03-27
      DOI: 10.15201/hungeobull.71.1.2
      Issue No: Vol. 71, No. 1 (2022)
  • Border divergence or convergence in the context of integration: A case
           study of the Russian-Belarusian and Russian-Kazakhstan borderlands

    • Authors: Kira Morachevskaya, Mikhail Karpenko, Alexander Sebentsov
      Pages: 39 - 53
      Abstract: A state level integration process should first and foremost have a positive impact on the border areas. The current Russian-Belarusian and Russian-Kazakhstan borders acquired the status of ‘state borders’ in 1991 as a result of the collapse of the Soviet Union. While Russia and Belarus immediately embarked on the path of integration in the 1990s, effectively cancelling border controls, Russia and Kazakhstan were forced to resolve border security issues by strengthening their border and establishing customs control processes. The launch of the Customs Union in 2010 partially removed the existing trade contradictions, and the creation of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) in 2015 significantly strengthened interstate interactions. However, despite the declared integration, it could not compensate for the dividing role of the border which separates the diverging political, legal, and economic spaces of the three countries. The purpose of this study is to determine whether divergence or convergence occurs in the considered border regions, as seen through the prism of demographic, ethno-cultural and economic changes. We rely on the results of a multi-year field research in various regions of the Russian-Belarusian and Russian-Kazakhstan borderland (2014–2018), data from official statistics, and some conclusions based on the authors’ findings as part of their work on previous collective  research projects. We found out that demographic processes became one of the reasons, as well as the main driver of divergence. The active depopulation evidently decreased the potential for cross-border cooperation (especially at the local level). The Russian-Belarusian borderland is still rather homogeneous in sociocultural sense, and the border between Russia and Kazakhstan is characterized by an increase in ethno-cultural divergence. The post-Soviet period of nation-building in Kazakhstan was a period of the revival of the national language and kazakhization of the public space. Our analysis demonstrates the crucial importance of path dependence in the economic cooperation on the whole and in the specialization of interregional interactions. We observed both autonomization and absence of cross-border cohesion in the economic sphere, and in many cases, we saw examples of competition.
      PubDate: 2022-03-27
      DOI: 10.15201/hungeoobull.71.1.3
      Issue No: Vol. 71, No. 1 (2022)
  • The geographical scales of fear: spatiality of emotions, emotional

    • Authors: Mirjam Sági
      Pages: 55 - 65
      Abstract: A multi-scalar understanding of fear has not been completely absent from geographical theory, however, it has not been given the attention it deserves and definitely has not been utilised in empirical research to the extent it has explanatory power to our globalised world infused with fears. By a multi-scalar understanding I refer to geographical scale as social production or social construction following critical geographers, who see the relationship between these scales as non-hierarchical. This paper draws on and combines theoretical works understanding fear as a socially and politically produced emotion that is politically exploited – most often through Othering – and operates on multiple geographical scales. It is an everyday experience that is produced and made sense across the scales of the body, home, neighbourhood, city, nation, region, supranational unions, the global scale and beyond. This paper draws together three particular areas concerning fear related research; (1) it emphasises that fear is an emotion; but (2) it is deeply embedded in social, economic, political and spatial relations and often closely linked to – if not dependent on – Othering and marginalisation; and (3) fear is reproduced in a transscalar way at all geographical scales. By drawing together these three interlinked approaches to fear, on the one hand, this paper aims to contribute to the literature by demonstrating the way the “us” versus “them” nexus is reimagined at different scales according to political convenience. On the other, it hopes to inspire more research in the field of emotional geography in general and that of fear in particular in Hungary (and more broadly in the CEE region), where this sub-field has been underrepresented even though its great explanatory potentials.
      PubDate: 2022-03-27
      DOI: 10.15201/hungeobull.71.1.4
      Issue No: Vol. 71, No. 1 (2022)
  • The geography of electoral volatility in Hungary: a core-periphery

    • Authors: Zoltán Bertus, Zoltán Kovács
      Pages: 67 - 81
      Abstract: Electoral volatility is understood in the literature as a sign of political instability, weakening social cohesion and the declining influences of existing political parties which threatens the healthy functioning of representative democracy. In this paper, using the Pedersen Index we measure electoral volatility in Hungary at the settlement level between the last three parliamentary elections (2010, 2014 and 2018), with special attention to the geographical aspects of the phenomenon. According to our preliminary assumptions those social groups switch their votes frequently who are marginalised, therefore, the level of volatility may reflect peripheriality. Our results show that high volatility can be detected in the two opposite sides of the settlement hierarchy in Hungary: in bigger cities and smaller villages, but for very different reasons. This study gives evidence that electoral volatility can also be considered as a possible indicator in the delimitation and classification of peripheral areas and settlements. The paper aimed to contribute to the understanding of cleavage formation at the regional level by adding a spatial perspective while connecting the socioeconomic profile of the voting population and electoral volatility.
      PubDate: 2022-03-27
      DOI: 10.15201/hungeobull.71.1.5
      Issue No: Vol. 71, No. 1 (2022)
  • Slater, T.: Shaking up the City: Ignorance, Inequality and the Urban

    • Authors: Barbara Jaczewska
      Pages: 83 - 86
      PubDate: 2022-03-27
      DOI: 10.15201/hungeobull.71.1.6
      Issue No: Vol. 71, No. 1 (2022)
  • Stanek, Ł: Architecture in Global Socialism: Eastern Europe, West Africa
           and the Middle East in the Cold War

    • Authors: Gábor Tolnai
      Pages: 87 - 90
      PubDate: 2022-03-27
      DOI: 10.15201/hungeobull.71.1.7
      Issue No: Vol. 71, No. 1 (2022)
  • Duančić, V.: Geography and Nationalist Visions of Interwar

    • Authors: Matteo Proto
      Pages: 91 - 92
      PubDate: 2022-03-27
      DOI: 10.15201/hungeobull.71.1.8
      Issue No: Vol. 71, No. 1 (2022)
  • Im memoriam Leszek Starkel (1931–2021)

    • Authors: Dénes Lóczy
      Pages: 93 - 93
      Abstract: -
      PubDate: 2022-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 71, No. 1 (2022)
  • Manuscript reviewers 2019–2021

    • Authors: Tamás Egedy
      Pages: 94. - 94.
      Abstract: -
      PubDate: 2022-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 71, No. 1 (2022)
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