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  Subjects -> GEOGRAPHY (Total: 493 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 277 Journals sorted alphabetically
40 [degrees] South     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
AAG Review of Books     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
AbeÁfrica : Revista da Associação Brasileira de Estudos Africanos     Open Access  
ACME : An International Journal for Critical Geographies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis : Folia Geographica Socio-Oeconomica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adam Academy : Journal of Social Sciences / Adam Akademi : Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Cartography and GIScience of the ICA     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Statistical Climatology, Meteorology and Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
African Geographical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Afrika Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AGORA Magazine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agronomía & Ambiente     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AGU Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
All Earth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Geographic Information System     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Human Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Amerika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales de Geografía de la Universidad Complutense     Open Access  
Anatoli     Open Access  
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis / Studia de Cultura     Open Access  
Annals of GIS     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Annals of the American Association of Geographers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Annual Review of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Anuario     Open Access  
Applied Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ar@cne     Open Access  
Arctic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arctic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Area Development and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Asian Geographer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Geographical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ateneo Korean Studies Conference Proceedings     Open Access  
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT)     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions (AMTD)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Aurora Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Antarctic Magazine     Free   (Followers: 5)
Australian Geographer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access  
Baru : Revista Brasileira de Assuntos Regionais e Urbanos     Open Access  
Belgeo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biblio3W : Revista Bibliográfica de Geografía y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Biogeographia : The Journal of Integrative Biogeography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BioRisk     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletim Campineiro de Geografia     Open Access  
Boletim Gaúcho de Geografia     Open Access  
Boletim Goiano de Geografia     Open Access  
Boletín de Estudios Geográficos     Open Access  
Boletín de la Asociación de Geógrafos Españoles     Open Access  
Brill Research Perspectives in Map History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Buildings & Landscapes: Journal of the Vernacular Architecture Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège     Open Access  
Bulletin de l’association de géographes français     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Geography. Physical Geography Series     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of the Serbian Geographical Society     Open Access  
Caderno de Geografia     Open Access  
Cahiers Balkaniques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers Charlevoix : Études franco-ontariennes     Full-text available via subscription  
Cahiers franco-canadiens de l'Ouest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Soil Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Cardinalis     Open Access  
Carnets de géographes     Open Access  
Cartographic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cartographic Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cartographica : The International Journal for Geographic Information and Geovisualization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Cartography and Geographic Information Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Check List : The Journal of Biodiversity Data     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Climate and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Climate Change Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Comparative Cultural Studies : European and Latin American Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Computational Urban Science     Open Access  
Confins     Open Access  
Conjuntura Austral : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Coolabah     Open Access  
Creativity Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Critical Romani Studies     Open Access  
Crossings : Journal of Migration & Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cuadernos de Desarrollo Rural     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Geografía : Revista Colombiana de Geografía     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Geografía de la Universitat de València     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Investigación Geográfica / Geographical Research Letters     Open Access  
Cuadernos Inter.c.a.mbio sobre Centroamérica y el Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Research in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Dela     Open Access  
Dialogues in Human Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Didáctica Geográfica     Open Access  
DIE ERDE : Journal of the Geographical Society of Berlin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Documenti Geografici     Open Access  
Documents d'Anàlisi Geogràfica     Open Access  
Doğu Coğrafya Dergisi : Eastern Geographical Review     Open Access  
DRd - Desenvolvimento Regional em debate     Open Access  
Earth System Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earth Systems and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
East/West : Journal of Ukrainian Studies     Open Access  
Eastern European Countryside     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Economic and Regional Studies / Studia Ekonomiczne i Regionalne     Open Access  
Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Économie rurale     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ecosystems and People     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Entorno Geográfico     Open Access  
Environment & Ecosystem Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental and Sustainability Indicators     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Environmental Science : Atmospheres     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental Science and Sustainable Development : International Journal Of Environmental Science & Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Environmental Smoke     Open Access  
Ería : Revista Cuatrimestral de Geografía     Open Access  
Espacio y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Espacios : Revista de |Geografía     Open Access  
Espaço & Economia : Revista Brasileira de Geografia Econômica     Open Access  
Espaço Aberto     Open Access  
Espaço e Cultura     Open Access  
Espaço e Tempo Midiáticos     Open Access  
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Socioterritoriales : Revista de Geografía     Open Access  
Ethnobiology Letters     Open Access  
Ethnoscientia : Brazilian Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnoecology     Open Access  
eTropic : electronic journal of studies in the tropics     Open Access  
Études internationales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études/Inuit/Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
European Countryside     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Spatial Research and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Evolutionary Human Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Fennia : International Journal of Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Finisterra : Revista Portuguesa de Geografia     Open Access  
Fire Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Florida Geographer     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Focus on Geography     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Forum Geografi     Open Access  
Frontera Norte     Open Access  
GEM - International Journal on Geomathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geo : Geography and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Geo UERJ     Open Access  
Geo-Image     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geo-spatial Information Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
GeoArabia     Hybrid Journal  
Géocarrefour     Open Access  
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Geochronometria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geoderma Regional : The International Journal for Regional Soil Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Geodesy and Cartography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geoforum Perspektiv     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geofronter     Open Access  
Geografares     Open Access  
Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geografiska Annaler, Series A : Physical Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Geographia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geographica Helvetica     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Geographical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Geographical Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Geographical Journal of Nepal     Open Access  
Geographical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Geographical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Geographicalia     Open Access  
Géographie et cultures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geography and Natural Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geography and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geography Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
GeoHumanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
GeoInformatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geoinformatics & Geostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Geoinformatics FCE CTU     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Geoingá : Revista do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia     Open Access  
GeoJournal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
GEOMATICA     Hybrid Journal  
Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
GEOmedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geopauta : Revista de Geografia da Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia     Open Access  
Geophysical Research Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 167)
Geoplanning : Journal of Geomatics and Planning     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
GeoScape     Open Access  
Geosciences Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Geosphere     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
GEOUSP : Espaço e Tempo     Open Access  
Ghana Journal of Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Ghana Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
GIScience & Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 53)
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Globe, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
GPS Solutions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Grafo Working Papers     Open Access  
HiN : Alexander von Humboldt im Netz. Internationale Zeitschrift für Humboldt-Studien     Open Access  
História, Natureza e Espaço - Revista Eletrônica do Grupo de Pesquisa NIESBF     Open Access  
History of Geo- and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Proceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences. Section B: Natural, Exact and Applied Sciences
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1407-009X - ISSN (Online) 2255-890X
Published by Sciendo Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Upregulation of FOXP3+ Regulatory T Lymphocytes and CD8+ Lymphocytes in
           Patients with High-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions Correlated with
           HPV Infection

    • Abstract: Modern therapeutic strategies for precancerous cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) focus on immune-modulatory and cancer vaccination. The local cervical immune status in cervical cancer and CIN could influence HPV infection persistence, progression and carcinogenesis. We analysed the role of FOXP3+ regulatory T lymphocytes, CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes in CIN I, CIN II and CIN III patients with and without HPV infection. Sixty-two patients were enrolled in the study. Each patient underwent a colposcopy-guided cervical biopsy. FOXP3+ lymphocytes and CD4+,CD8+ lymphocytes were detected by immunostaining in tissue samples obtained from a control group (n = 10), patients with CIN I (n = 20), CIN II (n = 14) and CIN III (n = 18) lesions. HPV was assayed by Aptima. The results showed that the numbers of CD4+ T lymphocytes did not differ between patients with CIN I, CIN II, and CIN III. However, patients with CIN II and CIN III had significantly upregulated CD8+T lymphocytes compared to patients with CIN I. In addition, patients with CIN II and CIN III had increased FOXP3 + T lymphocytes compared with patients with CIN I, which was associated with HPV status. Upregulation of FOXP3+ regulatory T lymphocytes and CD8-positive lymphocytes in patients with CIN II and CIN III suggested a pivotal role of T regulatory lymphocytes and CD8+ lymphocytes for counteracting the host immune response in the progression from CIN I to CIN II and CIN III.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Edible Mushrooms Could Take Advantage of the Growth-Promoting and
           Biocontrol Potential of

    • Abstract: Investigations of biologically active substances sourced from xylotrophic macromycetes have shown their fundamental and practical significance. These studies have promoted the development of biotechnologies by obtaining the valuable products from the mycelial biomass and cultivation liquid and using these fungal species in “white chemistry”. Research into environmentally safe biological methods of stimulating the growth of medicinal and edible mushrooms can assist the development of scientific foundations of culture technologies. From the viewpoint of their bio-technological potential, selected factors of biological origin that promote the growth of wide-scale cultivated basidiomycetes are of interest. Improving mushroom resistance against negative environmental impacts seems to be feasible when the mushroom grows in combination with growth-promoting bacteria. The soil bacteria from the Azospirillum genus have attracted attention, as microorganisms are capable of actively influencing the growth and development of agricultural crops. Thus, revealing and exploring the growth-promoting properties of different species of Azospirillum with respect to edible and/or medicinal mushrooms, as well as the properties promoting the suppression of contaminants in double culture, are believed to be feasible and to reveal undoubted novelty. Cultivation jointly with the beneficial bacteria is a more effective biotechnological method for obtaining this valuable functional food faster, with a greater and much better and maintained mushroom yield. Future work involves addressing the problems of mushroom growth promoting bacterial interactions with mushrooms and implementing these synthetic microbial associations into agriculture.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Towards the Goal of Hepatitis C Elimination in Latvia — Using
           Patient Survey Results

    • Abstract: The success of global strategies to eliminate hepatitis C as a public threat by 2030 depends on local country-wide activities of all involved stakeholders, the most important being general practitioners (GP) and the entire country population. The opinion of currently diagnosed patients can help stakeholders to plan further actions such as addressing new target groups. Our aim was to determine the experiences, opinions, and attitudes of viral hepatitis C (VHC) patients towards the hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and corresponding healthcare services in Latvia. Questionnaires were distributed by nurses in hospitals of major cities in Latvia. The survey results highlighted the importance of the role of the general practitioner and time from diagnosis to specialist consultation. The majority of respondents were not aware of VHC symptoms, although they were informed about possible complications such as liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The major VHC patient pool was not composed of drug users, but people who never used narcotics, highlighting the importance to increase VHC awareness in other risk groups and in the general population. Consequently, targeted VHC screening programmes are essential tools in achieving elimination of HCV infection as a public threat in Latvia. The action plans should be updated regularly aiming to strengthening of the GP role and shortening time to consultation with a specialist.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Nanoparticles in Plant Biotechnology: Achievements and Future Challenges

    • Abstract: Nanoparticles (NPs) are a wide class of materials, which have at least one dimension less than 100 nm. They are actively used in plant biology research due to their unique physicochemical properties. However, the large-scale application of NPs has led researchers to consider the problems, challenges, and consequences of their environmental effect. The aim of this paper is to summarise current achievements and progress of NP use in plant biotechnology and also to evaluate future implications in this field.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Depression and Oxidative Stress Interaction in Stable Coronary Heart
           Disease

    • Abstract: It was concluded that depression (D) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and is not related to other previously determined cardiac risk factors. Compared with non-depressed patients, the risk of cardiac arrest increased in less severely depressed patients. D worsens the CVD prognosis by significantly increasing the risk of recurrent coronary heart disease (CHD). Some studies suggest that OS directly increases the risk of D in patients with CVD. Oxidative stress (OS) is considered an emergency mechanism that relates to both CVD and D pathophysiology. The common risk factors increase the production of OS and reduce antioxidant defences, thereby promoting the occurrence and development of interacted ischaemic CVD and D. At present, there is insufficient evidence that routine screening of D in patients with CHD will ultimately help improve the patient’s condition. This review reiterates the need for a multidisciplinary approach, which is necessary to understand, diagnose and then treat this frequent co-morbid condition of CHD and D. Assessment of OS markers could modify risk stratification, diagnosis and prevention and treatment of patients with both CHD and D, in patients with and without previous cardiac history.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Current Trends in Advanced Prostate Cancer Medical Setting

    • Abstract: Treatment of advanced and metastatic prostate carcinoma (PCa) is still challenging and changing in the era of personalised medicine. Combination therapies with docetaxel and new anti-hormonal substances lead to improved OS (overall survival) in a broad group of patients with metastatic hormone sensitive prostate carcinoma (mHSPCa). Addition of docetaxel or an androgen receptor targeting agent (ARTA) with abiraterone plus prednisolone, with apalutamide or with enzalutamide leads to a significant improvement in OS and an increase in the time to transition to castration resistance. The choice of therapy sequence in advanced PCa should be based, among other things, on the side-effect profiles of the substances and patient’s preferences. Within metastatic castration resistant prostate carcinoma (mCRPCa) setting, the therapy with abiraterone, enzalutamide, docetaxel, cabazitaxel and radium-223 is approved and indicated in Europe. Respectively, five substances are available, each of which has led to a significant increase in survival time in phase III studies. The optimal therapy sequence in the mCRPCa stage is still unclear. The current trend in personalised medicine in the next decade in therapy, regarding prostate carcinoma, are poly(ADP)-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors, which are and will be available as an effective therapy option for patients with mutations in DNA repair genes. The most important question is when and how patients should be tested for mutations in DNA repair genes and to which line of therapy will PARP inhibitors belong.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Influence of the Housing System on Sperm Productivity and Reproductive
           Capacity of Rabbits

    • Abstract: The influence of the housing system on sperm productivity and reproductive capacity of rabbits was studied. Indicators like ejaculate volume, sperm density, activity, and concentration, as well as the percentage of fertility were measured for silver breed rabbits of three coloured lines housed in aggregates “Rabbitax-8” and in a modular rabbit house developed by Mykolayiv National Agrarian University. The highest male sperm productivity and reproductive capacity were found for rabbits housed in aggregates “Rabbitax-8”.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Māris Ābele (1937–2022), Prominent Latvian Constructor of
           Astronomical Instruments

    • PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Distribution and Ecology of Neophyte Population on the East Baltic Sea
           Coast in Latvia

    • Abstract: There is an increasing need for species occurrence data at a regional level for the global assessment of invasiveness of neophytes. Therefore, the distribution and habitats of Lactuca tatarica (L.) C.A. Mey. in Latvia (Baltic Sea region) was studied. L. tatarica was observed for the first time in Latvia in 1920. During the next 60 years, it was mainly found in synanthropic habitats. Since the 1980s, the species has spread along the Gulf of Riga (the Baltic Sea) coast. In 2019, recent data on the distribution of L. tatarica were obtained in a large-scale habitat mapping project. Lactuca tatarica was observed in 147 polygons (total area of 230 ha) representing nine habitat types of EU importance. The largest proportion of L. tatarica localities was recorded in beach habitats, and the highest abundance and total area in white and grey dunes. Lactuca tatarica was observed in the following associations: Cakiletum maritimae, Honckenyetum peploidis, Elymo-Ammophiletum arenariae, and Festucetum polesicae. In most localities, L. tatarica genets are scattered or in small groups covering small areas. In some coastal sections (southern part of the Gulf), L. tatarica forms dense stands that tend to spread. Lactuca tatarica in Latvia is considered as a neophyte successfully naturalised mainly in coastal dune habitats, and in some locations it corresponds to the criteria of invasive species with a high risk to endanger natural habitats.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Shedding of in Milk of Dairy Cattle and Evidence of Q Fever in Domestic
           Ruminants with Emphasis on Abortion Cases in Latvia

    • Abstract: Q-fever is widespread globally. The goal of this study was to estimate the prevalence of Q-fever infection in Latvia among dairy cattle in 2018–2020, in comparison with that in 2012–2015. The shedding of Coxiella burnetii DNA in milk was assessed. Screening of blood samples of abortion cases for the presence of antibodies against Q-fever and testing of aborted fetuses for C. burnetii DNA were also carried out. Additionally, serum samples from clinically healthy cattle, sheep and goat were included. Overall, 18.34% of milk samples were positive, representing 11.02% of all tested sheds. In total, 20.62% of serum samples from the cattle that suffered abortions were positive or suspicious, representing 12.63% of all sheds. Only 3.33% of serum samples from clinically healthy cattle and 3.42% from sheep and goat were positive. The highest proportion of serologically positive and suspicious samples was observed in cattle that suffered abortion with age from three to nine years, and in the first and third gestation period. One dominant genotype of C. burnetii (MST61) was detected. Ruminant import from abroad was identified as a significant risk factor, as well as the dairy cattle population density.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Mapping Submarine Geomorphology of the Philippine and Mariana Trenches By
           an Automated Approach Using GMT Scripts

    • Abstract: This paper presents a geospatial analysis of two oceanic trenches using a GMT (Generic Mapping Tools) cartographic method that exploits the scripting approach to visualisation of their geometric shapes. To this end, the research applies the high-resolution datasets GEBCO and ETOPO1 and ETOPO5 for modelling of the submarine relief. This allows taking into account the 2D and 3D shape deviations in the geomorphology of the two selected segments of the trenches by transecting a series of the cross-section profiles. A scripting algorithm of spatial data processing based on the GMT techniques visualised the topography of the submarine objects in 2D and 3D forms and extracted the topographic data from raster grids for statistical analysis of depth using the cross-section transect profiles of both trenches. The bathymetry of the Mariana Trench was evaluated in the southern segment located near the Challenger Deep area, southwest of Guam Island, in comparison with the segment of the Philippine Trench, which was transected in the surroundings of Mindanao Island. The study presented a comparative submarine geomorphic modelling and spatial analysis of the Philippine Sea basin area. The bathymetric analysis of the relief in the Mariana and Philippine trenches showed effective performance of the GMT scripting toolset in advanced cartographic data analysis and visualisation.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Valdis Kampars, Latvian Chemist, Full Member of the Latvian Academy of
           Sciences, 05.10.1944–23.02.2022

    • PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Towards Next-Generation Small-Size Boron Ion Implanting Apparatus

    • Abstract: The article provides a brief insight in the history of ion implantation, paying special attention to boron ion implantation in high purity Germanium crystal, exclusively valuable in the production of highly effective sensors of high-energy radiation to detect photons in the range of megaelectron-volt or higher up to hard X-ray range. There is a need for small user-friendly implanters in response to urgent demand to scale up production of short wave sensors, which are in exclusive demand for various nuclear safety systems worldwide. Particularly, research driven “high tech” small and medium enterprises in Latvia are among the three leading worldwide producers of such sensors and systems. These SME provide instrumentation to the International Atomic Energy Agency, to the government of Singapore, to the government of Japan to facilitate dealing with nuclear waste management caused by the Fukushima disaster, and to the European Space Agency. The challenge is to find technology that allows the use of solid state boron as ion sources instead of its chemical compounds, which create too many technological difficulties in the beam forming process and in most cases are poisonous. The review of existing solutions points towards a possible breakthrough where hollow cathode plasma combined with radiofrequency inductive coupled plasma can be used to produce boron ions from elemental boron in sufficient quantity to form a high energy ion beam close to 100 kV. Based on the review, promising solutions are offered, the first results of relevant analytic and pilot experiments are analysed and the future experimental roadmap is discussed.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Development and Physiological Performance of Hydroponically-Grown
           Ornamental Indoor Plants in Relation to their Potential Use in Botanical
           Biofilters: Effect of Mineral Nutrient Availability

    • Abstract: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of different levels of mineral nutrient availability on development and physiological performance of several common indoor ornamental plant species (Anthurium sp., Chlorophytum comosum, Epipremnum aureum, Plectranthus fruticosus, Spathiphyllum sp., and Tradescantia pallida) cultivated in hydroponics with potential use in active botanical biofilter systems. Plants were grown in expanded clay granules at four levels of mineral nutrient availability provided by two types of commercial mineral fertiliser. The growth stimulative effect of increased mineral nutrient availability depended on plant growth rate, with a lower effect on slower growing species. The need for nutrients increased in the order Anthurium < Spathiphyllum < Epipremnum < Chlorophytum < Tradescantia < Plectranthus. Tissue water content showed pronounced differences between various plant species as well as between plant organs. For several species, increase in mineral nutrient availability resulted in a significant increase in tissue water content. Chlorophyll fluorescence analysis showed that indoor plants can successfully adapt to low and moderate mineral fertiliser levels with balanced individual nutrient rates, without negative consequences to photochemistry of photosynthesis. Consequently, indoor plants can be cultivated at a relatively low concentration of mineral nutrients for optimum utilisation in active botanical biofilter systems.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Principal Component Analysis of Body Weight Traits and Subsequent Milk
           Production in Red Steppe Breed Heifers

    • Abstract: The main goal of this study was to determine the effects of body weight traits during the rearing period on subsequent milk production of primiparous dairy cows using Principal Component Analysis. Data on lactation performance records of 109 Red Steppe dairy cow progeny of six bulls maintained at the State Enterprise “Pedigree Reproducers” Stepove”” (Mykolayiv region, Ukraine), during 2001–2014, were utilised for the present study. Heifer body weight at birth, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 months of age was measured. Records of 305-day milk yield (kg), milk fat percentage (%), milk fat yield (kg), monthly milk yield (kg) and milk fat percentage (%) in the 1st-lactation dairy cows were also available. Principal Components Analysis (PCA) was conducted on the live weights for each heifer between birth and 18 months of age. The first three principal components (PC1-PC3) explained 79.7% of the total variance. Principal component 1 (PC1) showed significant relationship to body weight of heifers at 9, 12, and 15 months of age (post-pubertal period). Body weight at 3 and 6 months of age (pre-pubertal period) had higher scores on the second principal component (PC2). Principal component 3 (PC3) showed significant relationship to body weight of calves at birth. Only groups of heifers with high scores on PC1 and PC2 had significant effect on subsequent milk performance (with the exception of milk fat percentage). Thus, the use of a multivariate technique (Principal Component Analysis) allowed to determine two age intervals of heifers during the rearing period (pre- and postpubertal periods), which were significantly related to subsequent milk production.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Sweet Pepper Seed Germination and Seedling Growth After Treatment with
           Slug Mucus

    • Abstract: The development of new methods of crop production is the most promising field of research in agriculture. There are numerous chemical techniques of seed treatment before sowing; however, mollusc mucus has not been considered as a natural alternative of seed treatment yet. In this study, we treated sweet pepper seeds with Spanish slug mucus before sowing. Seed germination success, germination time, as well as the performance of seedling growth were compared between experimental and control groups. The main result showed that seeds treated with slug mucus required significantly fewer days to germinate than seeds without treatment. Although treated seeds exhibited faster germination, seedlings showed slower growth than in the control group. No significant difference of seed germination success between the control and experimental group was found.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Assessment of iPBS Primers Potential to Be Used in Genetic Diversity
           Studies of Wild Cloudberry ( L.) Populations

    • Abstract: Inter-primer binding site (iPBS) molecular retrotransposon-based markers are a universal and simple tool to estimate genetic diversity. The goal of this study was to select highly informative iPBS primers to be used in studies of intraspecific genetic diversity of cloudberry (Rubus chamaemorus L.), a common plant species of the boreal zone, associated with raised bog habitats and transitional bogs. Initially, 75 iPBS primers were screened and three of the most informative primers (indicated by numbers 2298, 2277, and 2229) were selected based on the highest number of polymorphic bands and PIC (polymorphic information content) values. Electrophoretic analysis revealed 34 bands amplified with primer 2229, 25 bands with primer 2298, and 22 bands with primer 2277. The percentage of polymorphic loci ranged from 90.9 to 97.1% and PIC values ranged from 0.4885 to 0.4965, indicating potential of the selected primers to be applied in population genetic studies of R. chamaemorus.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Sapropel – Mining Characteristics and Potential Use in Medicine

    • Abstract: Found in lakes, freshwater sapropel is a sediment with a fine structure containing more than 10% of organic matter as well as residues of aquatic organisms with a small content of inorganic components of biogenic origin and mixture of mineral ingredients. The mud was first used in medicine by ancient Greeks, and it gained more popularity together with development of balneology in Europe in the 19th century as a remedy for several diseases. The last century also brought wider popularity in its cosmetic use. Despite its wide usage, mechanisms behind its effects are not so clear yet. Broad but fragmented studies on the effects of sapropel are available, but few have used modern research methods. There is evidence suggesting that its positive health effects are linked to its thermal capacity, ability of penetration in tissues and biological activity of its components, e.g., humic substances. Evidence also suggests antimicrobial activity and positive effects on skin regeneration. This review aims at summarising available knowledge on the structure and composition of sapropel and its effects on the human body, as well as its potential for further evidence-based use in medicine and cosmetics.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Phenotypic Variability and Diagnostic Characteristics in Inherited
           Peripheral Neuropathy in Latvia

    • Abstract: Inherited peripheral neuropathies (IPN) are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders. The most common IPN is Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease. Here we describe IPN clinical variability and diagnostic characteristics in the Latvian population. A total of 101 patients were enrolled in the study. Genetic testing consisted of PMP22 copy number analysis and whole-exome sequencing (WES). Clinical assessment comprised CMT Neuropathy Score version 2 (CMTNSv2), CMT Examination Score, pain, anxiety and memory/cognitive ability testing. The diagnostic yields for PMP22 copy number detection and WES were 45.8% and 77.8%, respectively. Disease severity assessment indicated high clinical heterogeneity, with CMTNSv2 scores ranging between 0 and 33. More than one-third of patients reported pain, and it was found to be significantly more common in patients with at least a mild anxiety level. From the initial development of symptoms, on average, it took more than 13 years for a diagnosis of IPN to be confirmed. This study updates the IPN genetic and clinical profile of the Latvian population and demonstrates the presence of a high level of heterogeneity. The time to diagnosis for IPN patients needs to be improved by employing multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification initially followed by WES.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Investigation of the Cortical Bone Microstructure and Hardness After
           Vacuum Drying: An Experimental Study

    • Abstract: In this study, we examined if vacuum drying can be an effective way to remove water from substantia compacta, conducted in order to preserve bones for possible future transplantation. We found a number of interesting results. First, it seemed that vacuum drying removed the most of the water from substantia compacta. Second, we observed that vacuum drying did not damage the histological structure of the samples. These results indicate that vacuum drying might be used to remove water from compact bone, but more studies are required in order to assess how this method affects substantia compacta and also substantia spongiosa.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
 
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