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  Subjects -> GEOGRAPHY (Total: 493 journals)
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Environmental Science and Sustainable Development : International Journal Of Environmental Science & Sustainable Development
Number of Followers: 14  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2357-0849 - ISSN (Online) 2357-0857
Published by IEREK Press Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Recodification of the Latin American City: Emerging Urban Legislation in
           the Pandemic Era

    • Authors: Yeimis Pichihua
      Abstract: In recent years, urban policies have been transformed in response to the pandemic. The new normality has translated into a new urbanity, in the broadest sense of the word; that is, into new rules that shape daily life and the production of urban space itself. However, in Latin America, most of these measures have been contingent on the emergency, as they have not been translated into structural or long-term policies.  This research focuses on the changes experienced in urban legislation as of 2020. Period where national governments had to simultaneously confront health problems and pre-existing urban dysfunctionalities. This is a descriptive study outlining the landscape of emerging urban policies. It focuses on visible changes at the Latin American level,  The results reveal that many Latin American countries have changed their urban policies during the pandemic, including a growing interest in social housing. Among the issues addressed are land regulation, the right to the city, the management of public spaces, informal settlements, etc. In conclusion, the pandemic was the scene of a change of course based on new urban policies. These policies improve the management of our cities and make it possible to build more sustainable and equitable spaces.
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 -070
  • Addressing Housing Inequalities in Post-Conflict Belfast A Transformative
           Justice Approach

    • Authors: Caitriona Mackel
      Abstract: Belfast is a deeply divided and fragmented city not just politically, socially, and economically but physically. It is a city shaped by its history, its experiences of violent conflict and its post-conflict transition. A collage of so-called peace walls and interface areas segregate neighbourhoods across the city creating some of the most socially and economically deprived areas where inequalities are significantly exacerbated by the tension and sectarianism that segregation reinforces. Despite the peace process, historical and new inequalities in the provision and allocation of social housing affect many vulnerable individuals and communities resulting in unequal access to adequate housing; overcrowding; housing stress; homelessness; higher waiting lists and longer waiting times. The challenge of navigating housing in a politically and physically divided city has resulted in failed opportunities to shape policies and procedures to address existing, persistent, and new housing inequalities. Addressing the legacy of violence and human rights violations is central to building sustainable peace in transitioning societies. If we acknowledge that socio-economic inequalities are not only a consequence of violent conflict but also a root cause, then we must also acknowledge that correcting these inequalities is an essential component of post-conflict policy. Transitional justice often overlooks violations of socio-economic rights and the impact of these on victims and wider society. A growing body of literature suggests transformative justice expands the traditional ‘toolkit’ to include measures, not typically employed in transitional justice, to confront violations of socio-economic rights, address the needs of victims and assist in societal transformation more effectively. Under a transformative justice approach, my research explores how affirmative action and the role of social movements, such as the Right to the City, could be used to address housing inequalities in post-conflict Belfast. In doing so we could look to the future as well as deal with the past.
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 -070
  • What is the general population’s perception of smart motorways in
           the UK'

    • Authors: Luke Lynch; Dr. Elisavet Andrikopoulou, Dr. Nima Dadashzade
      Abstract: Motorway users have various opinions about the types of smart motorways. Motor-way utilization can be affected if road users have a negative perception towards certain types of smart motorway, particularly on the topic of safety. There are three types of smart motorways in the UK. These are Controlled, Dynamic and All-Lane Running. This study focuses on the comparison of ALR and DHS smart motorways as ALR smart motorways are aiming to replace and improve upon DHS smart motorways. The aim of this project is to understand how the general population perceive smart motorways in the UK. This aim will be achieved through answering a series of these research questions: (1) How does existing knowledge of smart motorways effect perception of smart motorways; (2) How does age effect perception of smart motorways; (3) How does car ownership affect perception of smart motorways' Data were collected using an online survey disseminated to the UK vehicle and non-vehicle drivers via social media and advertisements. Descriptive statistics and cluster analysis were used to analyse the dataset and find similarity clusters. The primary research shows that ~57% of the survey respondents had never heard of or did not know the meaning of the 3 different types of smart motorway and only ~13% of respondents fully understand the different types. Car owners in both cluster analysis models show substantial variation in the results of the comfort / smart motorway choice variables. Greater knowledge and awareness about smart motorways is required to improve the perception of smart motorways. It would seem that this is particularly true for all-lane running smart motorways which are both the newest and most physically different type of smart motorway with their removal of the hard shoulder.
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 -070
  • COVID impact on usage of public spaces in Brasilia, Brazil

    • Authors: Carla Costa
      Abstract: COVID 19 has proved to be a challenging time worldwide. For the last three years, academics have researched its impacts through different lenses and perspectives in many significant fields. In the urban academic realm, there has been a growing debate on the potential change in behavior towards public space usage during the pandemic. After compulsory confinent, public spaces became under the mainstream debate of the importance of public spaces for livelihood in times of crisis. Still, assessing its impacts on public space is still not widely done, neither quantitatively nor qualitatively. This research brings Brasilia as a study case to understand whether the pandemic has affected the usage of the iconic abundance of green spaces of the capital city on the first 18 months, before the introduction of vaccination. Brasilia as a garden-city, a concept brought by the modern urban design movement, has always faced  criticism for its hygienist design and the ample provision of green spaces. The garden-city features was put to a test after COVID 19 through the analysis of five different types of public spaces using surveys and interviews with local residents of Plano Piloto (n=147). The results show that during the pandemic the usage of local neighborhood parks within walking distance has indeed increased. People tend to use these spaces for exercising but most importantly to socialize with friends and family.
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 -070
  • Improving Urban Resilience through Formal Integration of Waste Pickers in
           Jordan’s Solid Waste Management

    • Authors: Muna Hindiyeh; Talar Oghlenian
      Abstract: The main aim of this project is to study the situation of waste pickers around the world and to analyse the situation of the informal sector of solid waste management in Jordan specifically. The study was done by different methods like surveys and desk reviews. It included studying their behaviour, the places they work at, types of materials they collect, the method of collection and much more. After this analysis, the focus was to find the most suitable method to integrate this sector with the government in a formal way that can benefit the waste pickers themselves, the government and the whole solid waste situation in the country. Based on the results of our study, recommendations for the waste pickers’ situation in Jordan were given.
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 -070
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