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História, Natureza e Espaço - Revista Eletrônica do Grupo de Pesquisa NIESBF
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2317-8361
Published by Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro Homepage  [43 journals]
  • Cyclic loading; its impact on the orthodontic tooth movement in growing
           patients: in vivo study

    • Authors: Tanushree Sharma, Ankita Gupta, Aseem Sharma, Pulkit Vaid, Kamlesh Singh, Chahat Puri
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Background: The objective of the study was to evaluate the impact of vibratory stimulation on the orthodontic tooth movement rate in growing patients and to compare the orthodontic tooth movement rate in experimental and control sides.Methods: Split-mouth design study was done on 30 growing fixed appliance therapy orthodontic cases with bilateral first premolar extractions in maxillary arch. Individual canine retractions were performed in all the subjects with type-1 active tiebacks. Oral-B powered toothbrushes (125 Hz) were used to provide vibratory stimulation for 15 minutes per day (splits into 5 minutes thrice a day). The tooth movement was measured with calibrated digital vernier caliper clinically at various time intervals (T0, T1 and T2). OPG were taken at regular mentioned time intervals and grid method was used to calculate the tooth movement on OPGs.Results: Results were evaluated statistically and the p-value revealed significantly increased rate of tooth movement on experimental side as compared to control side.Conclusions: The high-frequency vibratory stimulation along with fixed orthodontic appliance can reduce treatment time expeditiously in growing patients. Powered toothbrushes can use successfully for providing vibrations to enhance the rate of tooth movement.
      PubDate: 2021-12-24
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20214931
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2021)
  • Authentication and identification markers for medicinal plants: I
           Aristolochia bracteolata

    • Authors: Dharam B. Khandhar, Pritesh P. Bhatt, Vrinda S. Thaker
      Pages: 7 - 22
      Abstract: Background: Aristolochiaceae is a unique plant family that contains aristolochic acids (AAs), with around 600 species.Methods: The entire chloroplast genome of Aristolochia bracteolata was sequenced in this work, and fourteen chloroplast (cp) genomes were retrieved from the NCBI database.  Results: We also analyzed six types of microsatellite markers among these species and found some different markers for each species. A molecular phylogeny based on 7 barcode regions i.e. matK, atpF to atpH, psbK to psbI, rbcL, rpoB, rpoC2 and rpoC1 is proposed for Aristolochia and 16 species from Piperales, Arabidopsis thaliana is taken as an outgroup. Phylogenetic relationships using concatenated protein-coding genes from Chloroplast genomes of Piperales using the maximum likelihood method is also discussed.Conclusions: In the present study we are providing some unique markers and phylogenetic relationships among Piperales members which will help in identification, authentication, to prevent adulteration and further investigation of these medicinal plants.
      PubDate: 2021-12-24
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20214932
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2021)
  • Role of platelet parameters and hematological profile in dengue positive

    • Authors: Rashim Passi, B. P. Baviskar, R. R. Karle
      Pages: 23 - 28
      Abstract: Background: Dengue is an endemic in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world and also in various parts of India. Recent evidence indicates that platelet indices can be used to assess the severity and prognosis of dengue. This study aimed to assess the role of the platelet indices-mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW), platelet to large cell ratio (P-LCR), plateletcrit (Pct) and hematological parameters like hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Hct) with the platelet count in dengue NS1 antigen positive cases.Methods: An observational cross-sectional study conducted on cases of dengue over a period of 3 months admitted with serological positivity (NS1 antigen) in a tertiary care hospital, Loni. The platelet indices like MPV, PDW, Pct, P-LCR and hematological parameters like Hb, Hct were noted using Sysmex XN-3100 Automated hematology analyzer and compared with platelet count.Results: Relationship between various platelet indices like MPV, PDW, P-LCR and PCT and hematological parameters like Hb, TLC and Hct were related with platelet count. Dengue positive cases were inversely related to MPV, PDW, P-LCR, Hb and Hct and directly related to Pct. In the present study Pct, P-LCR, Hb and Hct were statistically significant in correlation with platelet count.Conclusions: Pct, P-LCR, Hb and Hct along with platelet count can be used to assess the predictive outcomes in case of dengue infection..
      PubDate: 2021-12-24
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20214933
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2021)
  • Perceptions of men on community and their uptake of health services on
           experiencing domestic violence; a cross sectional study from Kisumu
           County, Western Kenya

    • Authors: Elizabeth A. Odemba
      Pages: 29 - 32
      Abstract: Background: The quality of life can be impacted negatively by domestic violence among partners. The community plays a major role in what they perceive could motivate or harbor health seeking services by men on experiencing domestic violence. Little is however known of men’s perceptions on community in relation to men’s health seeking. Therefore, this study was designed to assess the men’s perceptions on community and their uptake of health services on experiencing domestic violence in Kisumu.Methods: A cross sectional study design of 438 participants was used. The study was conducted from July 2019 to September 2019 using self-administered questionnaires. Basic socio-demographic characteristics were collected and participants’ community perceptions and their uptake of health services on experiencing domestic violence were investigated. Descriptive statistics were computed to characterize the study population with frequency distribution tables used to show distribution of respondents by key variables, expressed as counts and corresponding percentages.Results: Respondents who participated in the study were 398 (90.8%). Descriptive statistics analysis showed that 58.3% of the respondents perceived shame, fear and embarrassment from the communities as barriers to seeking health services.Conclusions: Health services offered to men should be target oriented with interventions in place to ensure men are well managed and advised on the importance of health seeking in the face of domestic violence. The results from this study calls for advocacy on the importance of community awareness in relation to health seeking especially by men on experiencing domestic violence to aid in improving their life.
      PubDate: 2021-12-24
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20214934
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2021)
  • Vibratory stimulation in non-growing patients and its effect on the
           orthodontic tooth movement

    • Authors: Tanushree Sharma, Ankita Gupta, Aseem Sharma, Pulkit Vaid, Kamlesh Singh
      Pages: 33 - 37
      Abstract: Background: Objectives of the study were to determine the impact of vibratory stimulation in non-growing patients on the orthodontic tooth movement rate and to differentiate the orthodontic tooth movement rate in both experimental and control sides.Methods: 30 non-growing patients were selected for a split-mouth study with fixed appliance therapy orthodontic treatment undergoing bilateral first premolar extractions in maxillary arch. Type 1 active tiebacks were used to perform single canine retraction in all the patients. Vibratory stimulation was provided for 15 minutes daily with the help of Oral-B battery powered toothbrushes of 125 Hz frequency. Measurement was taken with calibrated digital vernier caliper clinically and OPG were taken at regular time intervals using grid method for the tooth movement calculation.Results: P value obtained by statistical calculation shows non-significant results in both experimental and control sides in non-growing patients.Conclusions: Cyclic loading in non-growing patients with fixed orthodontic appliance shows no change in orthodontic tooth movement in experimental and control group.
      PubDate: 2021-12-24
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20214935
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2021)
  • Functional status of COVID-19 patients at discharge from acute care

    • Authors: Geete Dipti B., Jaimala Shetye V., Gawade Krutika D.
      Pages: 38 - 42
      Abstract: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a multisystem illness that can affect a person's mental and physical health exhibiting various physiological and behavioural symptoms. The long-term consequence of COVID -19 affects the quality of life of these patients. The quality of life depends on the status of the physical function. Hence the need to focus on post-COVID rehabilitation in addition to already existing acute care Physiotherapy. This case series, describes functional status of 5 patients at the time of discharge from the Tertiary Care Hospital. The evaluation is done on the day of discharge of each patient using six outcomes, namely Breath Holding Time, 1 Minute Sit to Stand Test, 6 Minute Walk test, Heel Raise Test, 4 Meter Gait Speed Test and muscle strength, to study the functional status. All the patients showed impairment in musculoskeletal capacity (one MSTS, manual muscle test, Heel raise test), functional capacity (6 MWT), lung capacity (BHT) and gait speed as compared to their normal values.This case series brings out the reduced functional status of COVID-19 patients in all domains of fitness at discharge. Thus, there is a dire need for Physiotherapy based holistic pulmonary rehabilitation even after discharge to prevent or delay the possible late manifestation of the disease.
      PubDate: 2021-12-24
      DOI: 10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20214936
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2021)
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