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Journal of Land and Rural Studies
Number of Followers: 10  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2321-0249 - ISSN (Online) 2321-7464
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1174 journals]
  • Robert Home, Land Issues for Urban Governance in Sub-Saharan Africa

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      Authors: Taiwo Oladapo Babalola
      Pages: 296 - 299
      Abstract: Journal of Land and Rural Studies, Volume 10, Issue 2, Page 296-299, July 2022.

      Citation: Journal of Land and Rural Studies
      PubDate: 2022-06-22T08:57:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/23210249221080274
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Impacts of Water and Energy Sector Reforms in Gujarat: The Case of
           Expansion of Micro Irrigation Schemes and Rationalisation of Agricultural
           Power Tariff

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      Authors: P. K. Viswanathan, Chandra Sekhar Bahinipati, Bibhu K. Mohanty
      First page: 157
      Abstract: Journal of Land and Rural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Against the backdrop of the water and energy sector reforms enunciated by the state government in Gujarat, this paper reviews the important policy changes and outcomes of farm-level adoption of water-saving technologies, on the one hand, and the effective implementation of energy tariff policies, on the other hand. Following an assessment of the water and energy policy and regulatory interventions, the paper provides an overview of the farm-level adoption micro irrigation (sprinkler and drip irrigation) systems over the past one decade of the policy reforms. The paper then examines the case of energy sector reforms enunciated by the state in coordination with the energy regulator through establishment of the distribution companies (DISCOMs). The paper brings out that the policy and regulatory interventions in the water and energy (power) sectors have been successful in terms of wider promotion of micro irrigation systems and deregulation of power generation and distribution activities by establishing dedicated DISCOMs. Thus, the policy initiatives were able to address several challenges facing the water and energy sectors in the state. Firstly, the wide-scale promotion of micro irrigation schemes has significantly reduced the groundwater over-extraction for agriculture. Second, the energy sector reforms have shown a significant progress towards rationalisation of tariffs across sectors. However, it emerges that the policy and regulatory reforms need to (i) go beyond the narrow confines of promotion of micro irrigation systems towards sustainable management of water resources and (ii) move beyond rationalisation of power tariffs by offering sustainable solutions to the problems of water and energy security amidst increasing competition for inter-sectoral allocations. Essentially, the energy sector policies and reforms may explore the potential of renewable energy sources through decentralised investments in solar and wind energy systems in the rural areas involving different public–private community partnership models.
      Citation: Journal of Land and Rural Studies
      PubDate: 2022-04-27T11:32:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/23210249221088076
       
  • Magnitude and Determinants of Reverse Tenancy: A Study of Agriculturally
           Developed and Backward States

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      Authors: H. R. Sharma, Shakir Hussain Malik
      First page: 179
      Abstract: Journal of Land and Rural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      The present study analyses the extent of reverse tenancy in terms of who leases in and who leases out land in agriculturally developed and backward states using unit-level National Sample Survey data from different rounds. There are three important findings of the study. First, reverse tenancy in terms of distribution of leased in and leased-out land among households of different size categories is more pronounced in agriculturally developed states while in agriculturally backward states, most of the leased in and leased-out land was accounted for by sub-marginal, marginal and small households. Second, in terms of concentration of leased in and leased-out land among households at different levels of ownership hierarchy, the tenancy relations in both the categories of states conform to the traditional variety where most of the leased-in land is concentrated among households that are at the bottom and middle levels and leased-out land among households that are at top different levels. Third, the results of the logit regression further show that variables such as household size, age of the head of family, education of the head of the family, self-employment in agriculture, ownership of livestock and land use affect the probability of medium and large households leasing in and sub-marginal, marginal and small households leasing out land though the nature of their effect, and statistical significance of the regression coefficients vary among agriculturally developed and backward states and also over the years.
      Citation: Journal of Land and Rural Studies
      PubDate: 2022-04-18T06:27:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/23210249221088058
       
  • Dynamics of Land Use Trends and Patterns in Uttar Pradesh: A Sectoral
           Perspective

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      Authors: Shahab Fazal, S. K. Azharuddin, Deepika Vashishtha
      First page: 196
      Abstract: Journal of Land and Rural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Land is a natural resource and is of utmost importance on account of its use for diverse and manifold purposes. However, this finite resource has been experiencing changes in the way it was used earlier, largely because of modifications made by human, affecting the ability of natural systems to support life. The present study is carried out for Uttar Pradesh, one of the states in India. It is the fourth largest in area and interestingly having the largest rural population in the country. Moreover, this Uttar Pradesh has been going through large-scale land use transformations, particularly after economic reforms. Thus, this study made an attempt to understand the dynamics of trends and patterns of land use in Uttar Pradesh, as it is directly or indirectly associated with their living. The study largely focused on three sectors for analysing this status: ecological, agricultural and non-agricultural. It primarily focused on the secondary sources of data, incorporating various government publications from 2000 to 2015. Multiple linear regression technique was executed to examine the scenario of sectoral land use and to find the determinants of land use changes. The findings of this study reveal that the growth rates of different categories of land use have witnessed declining trends except for the area under non-agricultural land use. Whereas enviable ecological sector is passing through a critical phase of land transformation as the area under forest is declining along with pastures and miscellaneous trees. It also points out considerable decrease for net sown area in agricultural sector but increase for current fallow land.
      Citation: Journal of Land and Rural Studies
      PubDate: 2022-04-25T05:28:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/23210249221088059
       
  • Socio-ecological Dynamics Within Rural Settlements: Evidence from Mbire
           District in Zimbabwe

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      Authors: Innocent Chirisa, Verna Nel
      First page: 220
      Abstract: Journal of Land and Rural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Humans are a part, of and not separate from, nature, and as such policies that enhance the co-relationship of humans and nature while adaptive are a necessity now than before. This article investigates the socio-ecological dynamics within rural settlements in Mbire, Zimbabwe. It provides reasons for people’s migration to Mbire from some parts of Zimbabwe. It brings out the increase in school dropouts in Mbire and how teachers are understaffed. The study unravels the issues concerning black magic that was practised then, the school dropouts in Mbire, the history of people moving in search of salt, their communication with spirit mediums and cotton farming. Interviews and desktop research were used, with content analysis for data analysis and collection. The remedy for meeting challenges arising from socio-ecological changes is facilitating adaptive measures that meet the emerging needs of communities without compromising nature’s rights.
      Citation: Journal of Land and Rural Studies
      PubDate: 2022-05-11T08:57:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/23210249221090003
       
  • A Study on ‘Dharani Portal’ and Its Transformative Impact in
           Khammam District, Telangana

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      Authors: K. Varun Reddy
      First page: 240
      Abstract: Journal of Land and Rural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Government of Telangana has passed the landmark Telangana Rights in Land and Pattadar Pass Books (PPB) Act, 2020, in the month of September 2020, giving legal sanctity to the Record of Rights maintained online on Dharani portal. The Act has made sweeping changes in the way registration and mutation being carried out in the state of Telangana. This article tries to capture the transformative impact made with the introduction of the Dharani portal and the changes made in the registration and mutation process. It also tries to make an assessment with respect to how Dharani fares vis-à-vis establishing Conclusive Titling system in the state of Telangana.
      Citation: Journal of Land and Rural Studies
      PubDate: 2022-04-27T11:30:07Z
      DOI: 10.1177/23210249221090114
       
  • Reinforcing Exclusions: Caste, Patriarchy and Land Reforms in India

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      Authors: Prashant K. Trivedi
      First page: 262
      Abstract: Journal of Land and Rural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Land reform studies have often found wanting for not paying adequate attention to the close correspondence between land relations, gender and caste; all of them reinforcing each other and State polices extending legitimacy to this complex web of relationships. These complexities betray theorisation on State intervention in property relations that consider land only as an economic asset, overlooking its sociopolitical significance. The article argues that land reforms in India have been designed to protect landed property. The article further argues that the impact on the bottom rungs could be the crucial criteria for the assessment of any land reforms programme in a third-world country. In Indian conditions, Dalits and women constitute these segments.
      Citation: Journal of Land and Rural Studies
      PubDate: 2022-03-30T05:18:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/23210249221084390
       
  • Fostering Ecosystem Services for Mitigating Climate Change and Sustaining
           Food Production Systems in Developing Economies

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      Authors: Egbe B. Etowa, Emmanuel B. Effa, Ugochukwu I. Nzogbu, Evilla Olabiyi Badiru
      First page: 278
      Abstract: Journal of Land and Rural Studies, Ahead of Print.
      Among the greatest challenges of the 21st century is maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem services (ESs) to sustainably feed the projected 9–10 billion people of the world by 2050. Presently, incentives to preserve ESs in developing economies are limited, implying that there are no direct market mechanisms to signal the scarcity or degradation of a service until it fails. ESs are public goods with no direct owners. Hence, payment for ecosystem services (PES) is a voluntary transaction that aims at filling this gap by creating a new market for services, including carbon sequestration, biodiversity conservation, watershed protection and landscape values. Emerging PES has challenged the culture of natural resource depletion without consideration of sustainability. Sustainability is core of climate change vortex, and developing economies are worst hit. Food insecurity and failing agricultural systems will further endanger the fragile balance of life in the region. Until the right approaches to de-risking ecosystem sustainability emerge, the perpetrators of climate change will keep getting away with the harmful effects to our corporate existence. This treatise critically examined how ESs can foster sustainable food production given their holistic inter-relatedness to the subject of climate change mitigation, in the light of global development goals.
      Citation: Journal of Land and Rural Studies
      PubDate: 2022-06-01T08:21:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/23210249221093448
       
 
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