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  Subjects -> GEOGRAPHY (Total: 493 journals)
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Asia Policy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.299
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 6  
 
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ISSN (Print) 1559-0968 - ISSN (Online) 1559-2960
Published by Project MUSE Homepage  [305 journals]
  • Recasting U.S.-Japan Ties in a New Era of Economic Security

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      Abstract: The convergence of economic interests and security concerns is causing a seismic shift in the regional order of the Indo-Pacific and, at the same time, reshaping relations between Japan and the United States. In contrast to security relations between the two countries, which have been close but inherently unequal because of the United States' unshakeable dominance and role as a security guarantor across Asia, Tokyo and Washington are more equally and mutually dependent in confronting economic challenges facing the region. Yet economic competition is no longer the biggest thorn to bilateral relations that it once was.Though they are the world's largest and third-largest economies, respectively, it has become clear ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-11-10T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Entrenching Authoritarian Rule and Thailand's Foreign Policy Dilemma as a
           Middle Power

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      Abstract: Recent scholarship on international power politics has emphasized the need to shift attention from superpowers toward a different category of states referred to as "middle powers" because these states have the capacity and "potential to shape and redirect the way in which China's ascent evolves."1 As the largest economy in mainland Southeast Asia with a central geopolitical location, Thailand has a unique role to play in the ongoing Sino-U.S. competition for supremacy in the region. As one of two Southeast Asian treaty allies of the United States, Thailand has a close military and security relationship with Washington that traces back to the early days of the Cold War. One might argue that this alliance ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-11-10T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Navigating the Great-Power Competition: Pakistan and Its Relationship with
           the United States and China

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      Abstract: The rise of China and the aggressive posturing by Washington to contain Beijing in Asia are marks of an intensifying great-power competition between China and the United States. This rivalry has caused strategic ambiguity among many middle and small powers, as they feel pressed to choose sides, and alignment and quasi-alignment positioning have become a challenging foreign policy issue. There are few regions where U.S.-China great-power politics cannot be played out, and the drama is underway in its bluntest forms in Asia. Amid this larger Asian theater, and buttressed by U.S.-China competition, is the local security competition between India and Pakistan in South Asia, giving rise to what scholars refer to as ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-11-10T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Caught in the Middle' Middle Powers amid U.S.-China Competition

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      Abstract: Here is the obvious truth: the great-power rivalry between China and the United States has been intensifying in recent years. Alongside a degree of economic decoupling between the two powers, a period may well be beginning where competition defines the U.S.-China relationship. While there have been adjustments, the Biden administration has largely maintained its predecessor's muscular approach toward China, a strategy that has seen the greater incorporation of multilateralism and alliances to assert U.S. interests in Asia. At the same time, a more strategically ambitious and assertive China has emerged under the leadership of President Xi Jinping.1 From triumphalist claims of "the East is rising, the West is ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-11-10T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Australia's Great-Power Threat Perceptions and Leadership Responses

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      Abstract: Australia's relations with the Asia-Pacific's two great powers are in a state of flux. Ties with China, Australia's largest trading partner, have collapsed to their lowest point since diplomatic normalization half a century ago. Talk of China as a potential direct strategic threat is increasing, and Australia has embarked on major defense upgrades. Ties with the United States, Australia's long-standing ally, have been mixed. The two partners have significantly increased military interoperability, yet Australia has taken a different line from the United States on important strategic and trade issues and a separate approach in response to China's overall rise. What has been driving these shifts in Australian threat ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-11-10T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • South Korea's Investment in the U.S.-ROK Alliance: A Case Study of the New
           Southern Policy

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      Abstract: In November 2017, the Moon Jae-in government announced the Korea-ASEAN Future Community Initiative, which included the launch of the New Southern Policy (NSP) as a platform of regional strategy for the Republic of Korea (ROK). Although the government of President Yoon Suk-yeol, who took office in May 2022, is likely to pursue its own Indo-Pacific strategy, its new regional initiative is expected to subsume the NSP.1 Under the banner of the NSP, South Korea has been striving to promote economic cooperation with Southeast Asian countries and India. The goal of the NSP is to promote "the three Ps": communities of people, prosperity, and peace. For the first three years of the Moon government, the focus was placed ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-11-10T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • "No One Can Force Vietnam to Choose Sides": Vietnam as a Self-Reliant
           Middle Power

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      Abstract: A mid heightening great-power competition in the Indo-Pacific theater, the role of middle powers is being increasingly examined or re-examined. Vietnam has attracted media and academic attention, not least because of its important geostrategic position and active diplomatic posture.1 This begs the question: Is there a plausible basis for Vietnam to be called a middle power'Each year since 2018, the Australia-based Lowy Institute's Asia Power Index, which ranks the aggregate power of 26 Asia-Pacific countries in terms of resources and influence, has classified Vietnam as a middle power.2 Several scholarly articles have put forward the notion that Vietnam belongs to this category of secondary states based on the ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-11-10T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Indonesia's Great-Power Management in the Indo-Pacific: The Balancing
           Behavior of a "Dove State"

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      Abstract: The Indo-Pacific region, born out of the great powers' efforts to forge new strategic alignments and reset the balance of power in Asia, has emerged as the principal frame of reference for Asian geopolitics and the main arena for great-power politics. The two-ocean regional canvas represents more than 50% of the world's population, 60% of global GDP, two-thirds of global economic growth, 65% of Earth's maritime space, and 25% of the world's land.1 The increasing geoeconomic importance of the Indo-Pacific region has coincided with the growing traction of the Sino-U.S. rivalry, especially since Donald Trump's presidency began in 2017. The reincarnation of the Quad in 2017 and the Australia–United Kingdom–United ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-11-10T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • A New Strategic Minilateralism in the Indo-Pacific

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      Abstract: The emergence of "strategic minilateralism" has been a trend in the Indo-Pacific since the second half of the 2010s. Although minilateral cooperation between the United States and its allies and partners started in the early 2000s, the late 2010s saw more institutionalized and strategically oriented forms of minilateral security collaboration begin to emerge from two main drivers: the rise of China and the lack of effective regional security mechanisms for responding to that rise.1China's rejection of the South China Sea Arbitral Tribunal ruling in July 2016 served as a particular catalyst for this new "strategic minilateralism" in the Indo-Pacific. Moreover, Beijing's growing regional influence, including through ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-11-10T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Fit for Purpose: Can Southeast Asian Minilateralism Deter'

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      Abstract: In examining the development of minilaterals anchored in Southeast Asia, this essay considers whether and, if so, how this subregion could contribute to broader capabilities to deter military aggression. The essay argues that Southeast Asia's experience with minilateralism is much more limited, focused, and functionally driven by specific security challenges such as armed robbery. It is unlikely that Southeast Asian states will be comfortable with a broader minilateral arrangement involving extraregional powers designed to deter China or sideline existing mechanisms led by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). For better or worse, a more limited and functionally driven minilateralism gives Southeast ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-11-10T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Quad as a Security Actor

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      Abstract: When the Quad briefly emerged in 2007–8 among Australia, India, Japan, and the United States, this minilateral was referred to as the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue. Although some member states occasionally still use that term—often casually—it has been eschewed as a formal designation. Indeed, Quad members have gone out of their way to highlight a softer purpose rather than a security framing for the coalition. They have emphasized the idea of the group as a solutions provider for regional problems, including the Covid-19 crisis and climate change, while simultaneously officials have either denied or downplayed the grouping's security dimension.1 In September 2021, for instance, a senior U.S. official emphasized ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-11-10T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Deterrence in the Indo-Pacific

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      Abstract: As China's military might and tendency toward regional aggression grow, the United States and its allies are increasingly concerned with deterrence. Their strategies seek to prevent Beijing from disrupting the rules-based order in the Indo-Pacific by, for example, invading Taiwan or conducting gray-zone operations in the South China Sea.One of those strategies was to revive the Quad grouping with Australia, Japan, India, and the United States in 2017 to protect freedom of navigation and promote democratic values.1 In the period since, the Quad has become implicitly—or explicitly, at least on the part of the United States—aimed at countering China's malign activities in the Indo-Pacific region.2 Statements from the ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-11-10T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • A Strategy of Distribution for Addressing the PLA of 2025–30

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      Abstract: Today's military balance in the western Pacific is the product of the successful 25-year effort by the People's Republic of China (PRC) to build a military capability that specifically targets and holds at risk U.S. air and maritime forces. Since the Taiwan Strait crisis in the mid-1990s, China has worked diligently to exploit vulnerabilities in U.S. forces and mitigate U.S. strengths. The PRC's geography, strategy, and military systems place the U.S. military—and the interests it defends—at significant risk. There is reason to believe that Beijing could now successfully launch a lightning attack that would seize a strategic advantage or objective. This, in turn, would force Washington either to accept the result ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-11-10T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Minilaterals and Deterrence: A Critical New Nexus

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      Abstract: As countries around the Indo-Pacific strive to manage the challenges of China's growing power and assertiveness, they have emphasized two concepts. First, they have increasingly embraced "minilateral" groupings—small, issue-based, informal, and uninstitutionalized partnerships—as a way of coordinating international policy action. This trend has been building gradually for over two decades, ever since the emergence of mechanisms such as the U.S.-Japan-Korea Trilateral Coordination and Oversight Group in the late 1990s and the U.S.-Australia-Japan Trilateral Strategic Dialogue during the early 2000s. But these groupings sharply expanded in number and ambition in the 2010s. The standard-bearer of the minilateral model ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-11-10T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Signals, Deterrence, and the Quad

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      Abstract: The United States and its allies have the capability to deter China, and have successfully done so, from their worst-case scenario—a major militarized conflict. However, three factors reduce the effectiveness of their deterrence: the lack of clear signals, excessive media exposure, and divergent interests among Quad members. The Quad can be useful, but only if the United States maintains well-defined signals of commitment while clarifying the stakes. As it currently stands, the Quad does not successfully deter Chinese actions in territorial disputes.China has not shied away from using military coercion in its land border disputes with India. In June 2020, for instance, Chinese and Indian troops clashed violently ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-11-10T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Challenge of Avoiding War

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      Abstract: For scholars and practitioners alike, few tasks are more important than understanding why wars happen. Wars, to paraphrase Martin Luther or Benito Mussolini, turn the wheels of history—they can catapult states to power or topple them into the ash heap of history. But as long as there have been wars, there have been disagreements over their causes. To quote the writer Svetlana Alexievich, "War remains, as it always has been, one of the chief human mysteries."1Perhaps the unpredictability, complexity, and occasional inscrutability of wars' origins make structuralist explanations for them so appealing. The roots of realism lie in the contemplation of warfare. Thucydides, that Greek font of classical realism, reacted ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-11-10T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Is War in the Asia-Pacific Avoidable'

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      Abstract: What happens when a rising power meets an established power' This is a fundamental question that has exercised strategic thinkers for centuries, in the process producing a voluminous scholarship that can easily fill multiple libraries. Crucially, however, this is not an abstract question that merely fans the flames of intellectual curiosity. If ongoing developments on the global stage are any measure, it is the signal question of our time—and will remain so for some years to come—as the world witnesses the alarmingly steep descent of Sino-U.S. relations into the realms of great-power competition and rivalry. This being the case, how to prevent both powers from drifting into war has become of paramount importance ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-11-10T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Circles of Strategy, Circuits of Risk: Rudd's Guide to Xi's China

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      Abstract: Former leaders rarely hit the mark when writing books proclaiming expertise and sage advice on world affairs. In his book The Avoidable War: The Dangers of a Catastrophic Conflict between the U.S. and Xi Jinping's China, Kevin Rudd thankfully breaks that rule. This book is largely what the title implies—an insightful overview on China's strategic goals, the danger of conflict with the United States, and ideas to reduce those risks. That makes this book particularly refreshing for what it is not.As a former prime minister and foreign minister, and still a close confidante of many international leaders, Rudd could easily have foregrounded his own experience, accomplishments, frustrations, and conversations. As an ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-11-10T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Author's Response: Walking China and the United States Back from the Abyss

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      Abstract: As global events unfold rapidly in days, weeks, and months, books on foreign policy are increasingly consigned to short shelf lives, and solution-oriented books even more so. My book The Avoidable War: The Dangers of a Catastrophic Conflict between the U.S. and Xi Jinping's China falls into both categories. It provides analysis, as of early 2022, on where things stand in U.S.-China relations and how we got there and charts a recommended way forward for both sides, not just the United States, if in fact the common objective is to reduce the risk of triggering dangerous incidents, escalation, crisis, conflict, and war. The book is therefore vulnerable to a wide array of criticisms as events continue to unfold ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-11-10T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • U.S.-China "Extreme Competition" and the Drumbeat of War

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      Abstract: As we approach the end of 2022, amid Russia's ongoing brutality in Ukraine, the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic, global economic turmoil, and increasing planetary warming, a war between the world's two biggest powers—effectively a war to end all wars—is also looming. For forty years, between 1979 and 2019, the United States and China managed their relations, to the extreme betterment of both, in accordance with an uneasy diplomatic deal: the United States would basically live with China's Communist ideology and the more objectionable practices of the Chinese state inside its own borders for the sake of being able to work with one-fifth of humanity on shared objectives (first countering the Soviet Union, then the pursuit ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-11-10T00:00:00-05:00
       
 
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