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  Subjects -> GEOGRAPHY (Total: 493 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 277 Journals sorted alphabetically
40 [degrees] South     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
AAG Review of Books     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
AbeÁfrica : Revista da Associação Brasileira de Estudos Africanos     Open Access  
ACME : An International Journal for Critical Geographies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis : Folia Geographica Socio-Oeconomica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adam Academy : Journal of Social Sciences / Adam Akademi : Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Cartography and GIScience of the ICA     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Statistical Climatology, Meteorology and Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
African Geographical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Afrika Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AGORA Magazine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agronomía & Ambiente     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AGU Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
All Earth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Geographic Information System     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Human Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Amerika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales de Geografía de la Universidad Complutense     Open Access  
Anatoli     Open Access  
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis / Studia de Cultura     Open Access  
Annals of GIS     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Annals of the American Association of Geographers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Annual Review of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Anuario     Open Access  
Applied Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ar@cne     Open Access  
Arctic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arctic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Area Development and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Asian Geographer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Geographical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ateneo Korean Studies Conference Proceedings     Open Access  
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT)     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions (AMTD)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Aurora Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Antarctic Magazine     Free   (Followers: 5)
Australian Geographer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access  
Baru : Revista Brasileira de Assuntos Regionais e Urbanos     Open Access  
Belgeo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biblio3W : Revista Bibliográfica de Geografía y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Biogeographia : The Journal of Integrative Biogeography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BioRisk     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletim Campineiro de Geografia     Open Access  
Boletim Gaúcho de Geografia     Open Access  
Boletim Goiano de Geografia     Open Access  
Boletín de Estudios Geográficos     Open Access  
Boletín de la Asociación de Geógrafos Españoles     Open Access  
Brill Research Perspectives in Map History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Buildings & Landscapes: Journal of the Vernacular Architecture Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège     Open Access  
Bulletin de l’association de géographes français     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Geography. Physical Geography Series     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of the Serbian Geographical Society     Open Access  
Caderno de Geografia     Open Access  
Cahiers Balkaniques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers Charlevoix : Études franco-ontariennes     Full-text available via subscription  
Cahiers franco-canadiens de l'Ouest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Soil Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Cardinalis     Open Access  
Carnets de géographes     Open Access  
Cartographic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cartographic Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cartographica : The International Journal for Geographic Information and Geovisualization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Cartography and Geographic Information Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Check List : The Journal of Biodiversity Data     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Climate and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Climate Change Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Comparative Cultural Studies : European and Latin American Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Computational Urban Science     Open Access  
Confins     Open Access  
Conjuntura Austral : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Coolabah     Open Access  
Creativity Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Critical Romani Studies     Open Access  
Crossings : Journal of Migration & Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cuadernos de Desarrollo Rural     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Geografía : Revista Colombiana de Geografía     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Geografía de la Universitat de València     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Investigación Geográfica / Geographical Research Letters     Open Access  
Cuadernos Inter.c.a.mbio sobre Centroamérica y el Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Research in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Dela     Open Access  
Dialogues in Human Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Didáctica Geográfica     Open Access  
DIE ERDE : Journal of the Geographical Society of Berlin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Documenti Geografici     Open Access  
Documents d'Anàlisi Geogràfica     Open Access  
Doğu Coğrafya Dergisi : Eastern Geographical Review     Open Access  
DRd - Desenvolvimento Regional em debate     Open Access  
Earth System Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earth Systems and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
East/West : Journal of Ukrainian Studies     Open Access  
Eastern European Countryside     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Economic and Regional Studies / Studia Ekonomiczne i Regionalne     Open Access  
Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Économie rurale     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ecosystems and People     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Entorno Geográfico     Open Access  
Environment & Ecosystem Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental and Sustainability Indicators     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Environmental Science : Atmospheres     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental Science and Sustainable Development : International Journal Of Environmental Science & Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Environmental Smoke     Open Access  
Ería : Revista Cuatrimestral de Geografía     Open Access  
Espacio y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Espacios : Revista de |Geografía     Open Access  
Espaço & Economia : Revista Brasileira de Geografia Econômica     Open Access  
Espaço Aberto     Open Access  
Espaço e Cultura     Open Access  
Espaço e Tempo Midiáticos     Open Access  
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Socioterritoriales : Revista de Geografía     Open Access  
Ethnobiology Letters     Open Access  
Ethnoscientia : Brazilian Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnoecology     Open Access  
eTropic : electronic journal of studies in the tropics     Open Access  
Études internationales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études/Inuit/Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
European Countryside     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Spatial Research and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Evolutionary Human Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Fennia : International Journal of Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Finisterra : Revista Portuguesa de Geografia     Open Access  
Fire Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Florida Geographer     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Focus on Geography     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Forum Geografi     Open Access  
Frontera Norte     Open Access  
GEM - International Journal on Geomathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geo : Geography and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Geo UERJ     Open Access  
Geo-Image     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geo-spatial Information Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
GeoArabia     Hybrid Journal  
Géocarrefour     Open Access  
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Geochronometria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geoderma Regional : The International Journal for Regional Soil Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Geodesy and Cartography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geoforum Perspektiv     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geofronter     Open Access  
Geografares     Open Access  
Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geografiska Annaler, Series A : Physical Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Geographia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geographica Helvetica     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Geographical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Geographical Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Geographical Journal of Nepal     Open Access  
Geographical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Geographical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Geographicalia     Open Access  
Géographie et cultures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geography and Natural Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geography and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geography Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
GeoHumanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
GeoInformatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geoinformatics & Geostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Geoinformatics FCE CTU     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Geoingá : Revista do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia     Open Access  
GeoJournal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
GEOMATICA     Hybrid Journal  
Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
GEOmedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geopauta : Revista de Geografia da Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia     Open Access  
Geophysical Research Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 166)
Geoplanning : Journal of Geomatics and Planning     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
GeoScape     Open Access  
Geosciences Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Geosphere     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
GEOUSP : Espaço e Tempo     Open Access  
Ghana Journal of Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Ghana Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
GIScience & Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 53)
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Globe, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
GPS Solutions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Grafo Working Papers     Open Access  
HiN : Alexander von Humboldt im Netz. Internationale Zeitschrift für Humboldt-Studien     Open Access  
História, Natureza e Espaço - Revista Eletrônica do Grupo de Pesquisa NIESBF     Open Access  
History of Geo- and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
History of Geo- and Space Sciences
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2190-5010 - ISSN (Online) 2190-5029
Published by Copernicus Publications Homepage  [54 journals]
  • HMS Challenger and SMS Gazelle – their 19th century voyages compared

    • Abstract: HMS Challenger and SMS Gazelle – their 19th century voyages compared
      William John Gould
      Hist. Geo Space. Sci. Discuss., https//doi.org/10.5194/hgss-2022-7,2022
      Preprint under review for HGSS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
      The paper compares the historical context, organisation, personnel, conduct and scientific innovation of the voyages of HMS Challenger (1872–6) and SMS Gazelle (1874–6). Though the expeditions were in many regards similar, that of Challenger became famous and is regarded as marking the start of global marine science while the Gazelle voyage remains almost unknown. Why' A surprising factor may be what we now know as “Health and Safety” issues.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Jun 2022 17:39:32 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/hgss-2022-72022

       
  • Atmospheric electricity at Lerwick Geophysical Observatory

    • Abstract: Atmospheric electricity at Lerwick Geophysical Observatory
      R. Giles Harrison and John C. Riddick
      Hist. Geo Space. Sci. Discuss., https//doi.org/10.5194/hgss-2022-6,2022
      Preprint under review for HGSS (discussion: open, 1 comment)
      Lerwick Observatory in Shetland has recently celebrated its centenary. Measurements of atmospheric electricity where made at the site between 1925 and 1985. Instruments and equipment used for this are discussed and the value of the measurements obtained assessed. A major aspect of the atmospheric electricity work was explaining the dramatic changes which followed the nuclear weapons tests period. Although less well known, there are strong parallels with the discovery of the ozone hole.
      PubDate: Fri, 10 Jun 2022 14:32:01 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/hgss-2022-62022

       
  • Intellectually gifted but inherently fragile – society's view of female
           scientists as experienced by seismologist Inge Lehmann up to 1930

    • Abstract: Intellectually gifted but inherently fragile – society's view of female scientists as experienced by seismologist Inge Lehmann up to 1930
      Lif Lund Jacobsen
      Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 13, 83–92, https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-13-83-2022, 2022
      The road to success for Danish seismologist Inge Lehmann (1888–1993) – known for her 1936 discovery of the Earth's inner core – was difficult and full of challenges. While she herself refused to accept any notion of gender difference ascribed, society at large was less open-minded. Using newly discovered, unpublished historical documents, this article examines to what degree her gender played a decisive role in her graduate and postgraduate experiences.
      PubDate: Mon, 02 May 2022 16:17:32 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/hgss-13-83-2022 2022

       
  • History of the Tromsø ionosphere heating facility

    • Abstract: History of the Tromsø ionosphere heating facility
      Michael T. Rietveld and Peter Stubbe
      Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 13, 71–82, https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-13-71-2022, 2022
      We present the history of how and why a high-power radio wave transmitter facility with large antenna arrays was built in northern Norway in the 1970s with the aim of injecting radio waves into the auroral ionosphere. The facility has conducted fundamental research on plasmas, by heating electrons and exciting plasma waves in the ionosphere; the effects of these experiments have been measured using a host of other instruments, such as incoherent scatter radars, radio receivers, and cameras.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Apr 2022 00:28:25 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/hgss-13-71-2022 2022

       
  • History of Kakioka Magnetic Observatory

    • Abstract: History of Kakioka Magnetic Observatory
      Ikuko Fujii and Shingo Nagamachi
      Hist. Geo Space. Sci. Discuss., https//doi.org/10.5194/hgss-2022-5,2022
      Preprint under review for HGSS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
      Kakioka Magnetic Observatory (KMO) has been monitoring the geomagnetic field and geoelectric field at Kakioka, Japan since 1913. It has promoted a variety of observations and research activity. In 1972, KMO developed Kakioka Automatic Standard Magnetometer (KASMMER) system, which enabled to provide the geomagnetic field data of the highest quality. Today, KMO operates a network of observatories in Japan and maintains the observations with the longest history in East Asia.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Apr 2022 00:28:25 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/hgss-2022-52022

       
  • A Review of Different Mascon Approaches for Regional Gravity Field
           Modelling since 1968

    • Abstract: A Review of Different Mascon Approaches for Regional Gravity Field Modelling since 1968
      Markus Antoni
      Hist. Geo Space. Sci. Discuss., https//doi.org/10.5194/hgss-2022-4,2022
      Preprint under review for HGSS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
      The term mascon either refers to the fact of a significant gravity anomaly within a celestial body, or to a modelling of these gravitational anomalies by localizing base functions. The localizing base functions which are labelled as mascons include point masses or surface elements based on the simple layer representation. In case of surface elements, the surface density is constant per mascon and each localizing base function is a two-dimensional step function on the sphere.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Apr 2022 00:28:25 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/hgss-2022-42022

       
  • Cyclicity in Earth sciences, quo vadis' Essay on cycle concepts in
           geological thinking and their historical influence on stratigraphic
           practices

    • Abstract: Cyclicity in Earth sciences, quo vadis' Essay on cycle concepts in geological thinking and their historical influence on stratigraphic practices
      Daniel Galvão Carnier Fragoso, Matheus Kuchenbecker, Antonio Jorge Campos Magalhães, Claiton Marlon Dos Santos Scherer, Guilherme Pederneiras Raja Gabaglia, and André Strasser
      Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 13, 39–69, https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-13-39-2022, 2022
      For a long time, human beings have lived with the idea of cycles, as attested by many ancient traditions. This perception led our way of observing and interpreting the most diverse types of phenomena. In the Earth sciences, cyclicity has crucial epistemological value. It offers simple solutions for cause and consequence analysis in time and space. The intention here is to review how such ideas emerged in the geosciences, supporting current stratigraphic principles and practices.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Apr 2022 13:18:38 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/hgss-13-39-2022 2022

       
  • Pioneers of the ice age models: a brief history from Agassiz to
           Milankovitch

    • Abstract: Pioneers of the ice age models: a brief history from Agassiz to Milankovitch
      M. Efe Ateş
      Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 13, 23–37, https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-13-23-2022, 2022
      In this article, I trace the history of the models of ice ages during the period between the nineteenth and twentieth century. Some previous versions of ice age models were briefly discussed. I present a bird’s-eye view of the scientific collaboration in developing a model and of the reasons behind the success of the Milankovitch model as well.
      PubDate: Wed, 30 Mar 2022 13:18:38 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/hgss-13-23-2022 2022

       
  • History of EISCAT – Part 5: Operation and development of the system
           during the first 2 decades

    • Abstract: History of EISCAT – Part 5: Operation and development of the system during the first 2 decades
      Gudmund Wannberg
      Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 13, 1–21, https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-13-1-2022, 2022
      EISCAT, the European Incoherent SCATter system, was an advanced research radar system established in northern Scandinavia in the mid-1970s for studies of the aurora and the earth's plasma environment. This paper describes the operation, development, problems and successes of the system during its first 2 decades, as recalled by its former deputy director.
      PubDate: Mon, 31 Jan 2022 09:29:25 +010
      DOI: 10.5194/hgss-13-1-2022 2022

       
  • The international tephra research group ‘Commission on
           Tephrochronology’ and its activities – the first 60 years

    • Abstract: The international tephra research group ‘Commission on Tephrochronology’ and its activities – the first 60 years
      David J. Lowe, Peter M. Abbott, Takehiko Suzuki, and Britta J. L. Jensen
      Hist. Geo Space. Sci. Discuss., https//doi.org/10.5194/hgss-2021-22,2021
      Preprint under review for HGSS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
      The Commission on Tephrochronology, formed in 1961, comprises global researchers who characterize, map, and date tephra (volcanic ash) layers and use them stratigraphically as linking and dating tools in geological, palaeoenvironmental, and archaeological research. We review the commission’s history – its growth, leadership, and activities for 60 yrs that include hosting specialist meetings, symposia, and workshops, developing new analytical and dating methods and protocols, and supporting ECRs.
      PubDate: Wed, 22 Dec 2021 07:08:40 +010
      DOI: 10.5194/hgss-2021-222021

       
  • The bicentenary of Georg Hartung, a German pioneer geologist, explorer,
           and illustrator

    • Abstract: The bicentenary of Georg Hartung, a German pioneer geologist, explorer, and illustrator
      Carlos A. Góis-Marques, Miguel Menezes de Sequeira, and José Madeira
      Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 12, 217–223, https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-12-217-2021, 2021
      We present a tribute to Georg Friedrich Karl Hartung (1821–1891), a German geologist, on his 200th birthday. He was influenced by eminent 19th century scientific personalities and pioneered geological observations and sampling in the Azores, Madeira, and Canary Islands volcanic archipelagos. Later in his life, he travelled to the USA and explored Scandinavia. His work in Macaronesia is deemed classic, and many have been enriched by his detailed geological illustrations.
      PubDate: Tue, 09 Nov 2021 13:48:21 +010
      DOI: 10.5194/hgss-12-217-2021 2021

       
  • Scientific journeys to one of the oldest copper cementation sites in
           Central Europe (Smolník, Slovakia)

    • Abstract: Scientific journeys to one of the oldest copper cementation sites in Central Europe (Smolník, Slovakia)
      Pavel Hronček, Bohuslava Gregorová, Dana Tometzová, and Miloš Jesenský
      Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 12, 179–196, https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-12-179-2021, 2021
      The study brings the first comprehensively processed historical–geographical work dealing with one of the oldest places of commercial copper production using cementation in Europe – Smolník (Upper Hungary; present day Slovakia). Its relevance lies not only in professional circles but also for the needs of the general public (e.g. mining tourism). The study contributes to the preservation of a forgotten and unknown mining heritage in one of the most important mining towns in former Upper Hungary.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Oct 2021 08:57:19 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/hgss-12-179-2021 2021

       
  • On the high scientific quality of early research on strain and deformation
           fabrics (1835–1908)

    • Abstract: On the high scientific quality of early research on strain and deformation fabrics (1835–1908)
      Pablo J. Torres Carbonell
      Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 12, 197–216, https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-12-197-2021, 2021
      Research on rock strain done during part of the 19th century has a level of scientific quality that is not usually acknowledged. The objective of this paper is to put these older papers in perspective, highlighting the careful field observations of these early researchers, the focus they made on the study of deformed objects, and how they gave birth to the fundamental equations and basic concepts that we use today to calculate rock strain.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Oct 2021 08:57:19 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/hgss-12-197-2021 2021

       
  • Tradition of geodetic instruments production in the Czech Republic

    • Abstract: Tradition of geodetic instruments production in the Czech Republic
      Pavel Hánek and Pavel Hánek Sr.
      Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 12, 171–178, https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-12-171-2021, 2021
      The Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic has been running the National Cultural Identity programme. There is a rich history of surveying in Bohemia and the tradition of production of surveying instruments. That is why we won a project focused on devices used in Bohemia from the 16th to the end of the 20th century. To date, more than 200 instruments from 32 European manufacturers have been documented. Information about the instruments will be available at www.surveyinginstruments.org.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Oct 2021 12:20:54 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/hgss-12-171-2021 2021

       
  • Eduard Heis, an early pioneer in meteor research

    • Abstract: Eduard Heis, an early pioneer in meteor research
      Ulrich Sperberg
      Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 12, 163–170, https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-12-163-2021, 2021
      At the beginning of the 19th century, meteor observations were not well established. One of its pioneers, who observed meteors on a regular basis, was Eduard Heis in Münster, Germany. We summarise the life of this scientist. Besides his main task of teaching mathematics in Aachen and Münster, he observed atmospheric phenomena and variable stars with exceptional perseverance. We focus on his contributions to meteor astronomy, with which he predated the work of Schiaparelli by 30 years.
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Sep 2021 12:20:54 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/hgss-12-163-2021 2021

       
  • Early history of sudden commencement investigation and some newly
           discovered historical facts

    • Abstract: Early history of sudden commencement investigation and some newly discovered historical facts
      Yasuharu Sano and Hiroshi Nagano
      Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 12, 131–162, https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-12-131-2021, 2021
      This paper studies the early history of geomagnetism (i.e., history before World War II). At that time, the problem of whether the start time of a magnetic storm was simultaneous or not all over the world was discussed. International and domestic research activities of Aikitu Tanakadate, a Japanese geoscientist, were studied by investigating his personal letters concerning with this problem. We will present a hypothesis on the first discoverer of this problem.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Sep 2021 12:20:54 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/hgss-12-131-2021 2021

       
  • The Geophysical Observatory in Sodankylä, Finland – past and
           present

    • Abstract: The Geophysical Observatory in Sodankylä, Finland – past and present
      Tilmann Bösinger
      Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 12, 115–130, https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-12-115-2021, 2021
      This paper is a paraphrased summary of the book published in Finnish on the 100th anniversary of the Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory in 2013 (edited by Heikki Nevanlinna, 2017). The history of the Geophysical Observatory in Sodankylä (SGO) is described by the personalities who have run it and have shaped the observatory. Thereafter, we describe the history from a technical point of view, i.e., what the measurements were and which instruments were primarily used at the observatory.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Aug 2021 12:20:54 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/hgss-12-115-2021 2021

       
  • The Great Comet of 1577: a Palestinian observation

    • Abstract: The Great Comet of 1577: a Palestinian observation
      Sam M. Silverman and Eran Limor
      Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 12, 111–114, https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-12-111-2021, 2021
      In this text we examine the historical and cultural context of the Great Comet of 1577 from the perspective of Chaim Vital, who recorded his observation of the comet on the evening of 10 November 1577. This observation includes a description of a possible aurora, by noting the presence of a chasm in the sky. This kind of description is common in Western medieval accounts. In his Book of Visions, Vital only noted the event without interpretation, likely due to comets being considered ill omens.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Jun 2021 12:20:54 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/hgss-12-111-2021 2021

       
  • History of the Super Dual Auroral Radar Network (SuperDARN)-I:
           pre-SuperDARN developments in high frequency radar technology for
           ionospheric research and selected scientific results

    • Abstract: History of the Super Dual Auroral Radar Network (SuperDARN)-I: pre-SuperDARN developments in high frequency radar technology for ionospheric research and selected scientific results
      Raymond A. Greenwald
      Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 12, 77–93, https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-12-77-2021, 2021
      Part I of this history describes the motivations for developing radars in the high frequency (HF) band to study plasma density irregularities in the F region of the auroral zone and polar cap ionospheres. French and Swedish scientists were the first to use HF frequencies to study the Doppler velocities of HF radar backscatter from F-region plasma density irregularities over northern Sweden. These observations encouraged the author of this paper to pursue similar measurements over northeastern Alaska, and this eventually led to the construction of a large HF-phased-array radar at Goose Bay, Labrador, Canada. This radar utilized frequencies from 8–20 MHz and could be electronically steered over 16 beam directions, covering a 52∘ azimuth sector. Subsequently, similar radars were constructed at Schefferville, Quebec, and Halley Station, Antarctica. Observations with these radars showed that F-region backscatter often exhibited Doppler velocities that were significantly above and below the ion-acoustic velocity. This distinguished HF Doppler measurements from prior measurements of E-region irregularities that were obtained with radars operating at very high frequency (VHF) and ultra-high frequency (UHF). Results obtained with these early HF radars are also presented. They include comparisons of Doppler velocities observed with HF radars and incoherent scatter radars, comparisons of plasma convection patterns observed simultaneously in conjugate hemispheres, and the response of these patterns to changes in the interplanetary magnetic field, transient velocity enhancements in the dayside cusp, preferred frequencies for geomagnetic pulsations, and observations of medium-scale atmospheric gravity waves with HF radars.
      PubDate: Tue, 11 May 2021 12:20:54 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/hgss-12-77-2021 2021

       
  • Book review: From Crust to Core – A Chronicle of Deep Carbon Science
           by Simon Mitton

    • Abstract: Book review: From Crust to Core – A Chronicle of Deep Carbon Science by Simon Mitton
      Mohamed Ali Bouhifd
      Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 12, 95–96, https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-12-95-2021, 2021

      PubDate: Tue, 11 May 2021 12:20:54 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/hgss-12-95-2021 2021

       
 
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