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  Subjects -> GEOGRAPHY (Total: 493 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 277 Journals sorted alphabetically
40 [degrees] South     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
AAG Review of Books     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
AbeÁfrica : Revista da Associação Brasileira de Estudos Africanos     Open Access  
ACME : An International Journal for Critical Geographies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis : Folia Geographica Socio-Oeconomica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adam Academy : Journal of Social Sciences / Adam Akademi : Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Cartography and GIScience of the ICA     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Statistical Climatology, Meteorology and Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Africa Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
African Geographical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Afrika Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AGORA Magazine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agronomía & Ambiente     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AGU Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
All Earth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Geographic Information System     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Human Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Amerika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales de Geografía de la Universidad Complutense     Open Access  
Anatoli     Open Access  
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis / Studia de Cultura     Open Access  
Annals of GIS     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Annals of the American Association of Geographers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Annual Review of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Antipode     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Anuario     Open Access  
Applied Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ar@cne     Open Access  
Arctic     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arctic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Area Development and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Asian Geographer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Geographical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ateneo Korean Studies Conference Proceedings     Open Access  
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT)     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions (AMTD)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Aurora Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Antarctic Magazine     Free   (Followers: 5)
Australian Geographer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access  
Baru : Revista Brasileira de Assuntos Regionais e Urbanos     Open Access  
Belgeo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biblio3W : Revista Bibliográfica de Geografía y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Biogeographia : The Journal of Integrative Biogeography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BioRisk     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletim Campineiro de Geografia     Open Access  
Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas     Open Access  
Boletim Gaúcho de Geografia     Open Access  
Boletim Goiano de Geografia     Open Access  
Boletín de Estudios Geográficos     Open Access  
Boletín de la Asociación de Geógrafos Españoles     Open Access  
Brill Research Perspectives in Map History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Buildings & Landscapes: Journal of the Vernacular Architecture Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège     Open Access  
Bulletin de l’association de géographes français     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Geography. Physical Geography Series     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of the Serbian Geographical Society     Open Access  
Caderno de Geografia     Open Access  
Cahiers Balkaniques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers Charlevoix : Études franco-ontariennes     Full-text available via subscription  
Cahiers franco-canadiens de l'Ouest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Soil Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Cardinalis     Open Access  
Carnets de géographes     Open Access  
Cartographic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cartographic Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cartographica : The International Journal for Geographic Information and Geovisualization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Cartography and Geographic Information Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Check List : The Journal of Biodiversity Data     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Climate and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Climate Change Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Comparative Cultural Studies : European and Latin American Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Computational Urban Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Confins     Open Access  
Conjuntura Austral : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Coolabah     Open Access  
Creativity Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Critical Romani Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Crossings : Journal of Migration & Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cuadernos de Desarrollo Rural     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Geografía : Revista Colombiana de Geografía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Geografía de la Universitat de València     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Investigación Geográfica / Geographical Research Letters     Open Access  
Cuadernos Inter.c.a.mbio sobre Centroamérica y el Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Research in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Dela     Open Access  
Dialogues in Human Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Didáctica Geográfica     Open Access  
DIE ERDE : Journal of the Geographical Society of Berlin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Documenti Geografici     Open Access  
Documents d'Anàlisi Geogràfica     Open Access  
Doğu Coğrafya Dergisi : Eastern Geographical Review     Open Access  
DRd - Desenvolvimento Regional em debate     Open Access  
Earth System Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earth Systems and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
East/West : Journal of Ukrainian Studies     Open Access  
Eastern European Countryside     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Economic and Regional Studies / Studia Ekonomiczne i Regionalne     Open Access  
Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Économie rurale     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ecosystems and People     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Entorno Geográfico     Open Access  
Environment & Ecosystem Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental and Sustainability Indicators     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Environmental Research : Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental Science : Atmospheres     Open Access  
Environmental Science and Sustainable Development : International Journal Of Environmental Science & Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Environmental Smoke     Open Access  
Ería : Revista Cuatrimestral de Geografía     Open Access  
Espacio y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Espacios : Revista de |Geografía     Open Access  
Espaço & Economia : Revista Brasileira de Geografia Econômica     Open Access  
Espaço Aberto     Open Access  
Espaço e Cultura     Open Access  
Espaço e Tempo Midiáticos     Open Access  
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Socioterritoriales : Revista de Geografía     Open Access  
Ethnobiology Letters     Open Access  
Ethnoscientia : Brazilian Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnoecology     Open Access  
eTropic : electronic journal of studies in the tropics     Open Access  
Études internationales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études/Inuit/Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
European Bulletin of Himalayan Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
European Countryside     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Spatial Research and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Evolutionary Human Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Fennia : International Journal of Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Finisterra : Revista Portuguesa de Geografia     Open Access  
Fire Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Florida Geographer     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Focus on Geography     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Football(s) : Histoire, Culture, Économie, Société     Open Access  
Forum Geografi     Open Access  
Frontera Norte     Open Access  
GEM - International Journal on Geomathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geo : Geography and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Geo UERJ     Open Access  
Geo-Image     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geo-spatial Information Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
GeoArabia     Hybrid Journal  
Géocarrefour     Open Access  
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Geochronometria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geoderma Regional : The International Journal for Regional Soil Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Geodesy and Cartography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geoforum Perspektiv     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geofronter     Open Access  
Geografares     Open Access  
Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geografiska Annaler, Series A : Physical Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Geographia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geographica Helvetica     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Geographical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Geographical Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Geographical Journal of Nepal     Open Access  
Geographical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Geographical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Geographicalia     Open Access  
Géographie et cultures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geography and Natural Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Geography and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geography Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
GeoHumanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
GeoInformatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geoinformatics & Geostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Geoinformatics FCE CTU     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Geoingá : Revista do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia     Open Access  
GeoJournal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
GEOMATICA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
GEOmedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geopauta : Revista de Geografia da Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia     Open Access  
Geophysical Research Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 197)
Geoplanning : Journal of Geomatics and Planning     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
GeoScape     Open Access  
Geosciences Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Geosphere     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
GEOUSP : Espaço e Tempo     Open Access  
Ghana Journal of Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Ghana Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
GIScience & Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 57)
Global Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Globe, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
GPS Solutions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.36
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1793-4311 - ISSN (Online) 1793-7116
Published by World Scientific Homepage  [121 journals]
  • Analysis of the Extreme Tsunami Risk to Sanya New Airport in the South
           China Sea

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Xi Zhao, Hua Liu, Zhiyuan Ren, Yunpeng Jiang
      Abstract: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami, Ahead of Print.
      The Manila trench in the South China Sea (SCS) is identified as being most susceptible to the future major earthquakes. Once a submarine earthquake occurs, the coastal areas and ocean engineering projects around SCS will be affected. Based on the Sanya new airport project, this paper presents an analysis of tsunami impacts to the project region. A series of numerical simulations of tsunami are carried out and compared under different magnitudes of earthquakes. An extreme tsunami induced by a giant earthquake of M9.3 is simulated and analyzed in detail. The tsunami propagation scenarios and surface elevation in the region are presented. The inundation map and flow velocity distribution are analyzed. The impacts of this human project to the coasts are discussed by comparing tsunami wave height with and without the artificial island. According to the numerical results and relevant analysis, the giant tsunami will have great impacts to the artificial island.
      Citation: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami
      PubDate: 2022-12-15T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793431123500069
       
  • Effect of Frequency Content of Seismic Excitation on Slosh Response of
           Liquid Tank with Baffle Plate

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: P. Nimisha, B. R. Jayalekshmi, Katta Venkataramana
      Abstract: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami, Ahead of Print.
      The violent dynamic behavior of liquid under horizontal excitation is a key factor that needs to be addressed in the seismic-resistant design of liquid tanks. Therefore, this study focuses on the slosh response of the liquid medium in a rectangular tank under Imperial Valley 1979, El Centro 1940 and Kobe 1995 ground motions of different frequency ranges. The ground motions records are selected based on the PGA/PGV ratio. For slosh control, a single vertical perforated baffle plate is used as an anti-slosh element with different configurations of perforations. Considering the free surface elevation as the major response parameter, the effect of percentage of perforation of the baffle plate, clear spacing of perforations and offset distance of the perforated plate are investigated by carrying out the pressure-based transient analysis using computational fluid dynamic (CFD). The optimum perforation varies from 10% to 17%, corresponding to the frequency of ground motion in the range of far-resonant to near-resonant conditions. Additionally, “rapid zone” ([math]-zone) and “moderate zone” ([math]-zone) are identified to pilot the positioning of the perforated baffle plate in liquid tanks. The perforated baffle plate with an optimum range of moderately spaced perforations positioned at the moderate zone of the tank effectively reduces the free surface elevation. Furthermore, the perforated baffle plate is more advantageous during violent sloshing under near-resonant conditions.
      Citation: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami
      PubDate: 2022-11-25T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S179343112350001X
       
  • Modeling Reinforced Concrete Moment Frames Supported on Quintuple Friction
           Pendulum Bearings for Nonlinear Response History Analysis

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Ahed Habib, Umut Yildirim
      Abstract: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami, Ahead of Print.
      Base isolation systems have attained significant advancements over the past several decades, with new technologies being developed to enhance the performance of structures when subjected to moderate and severe seismic excitations. The multi-stage friction pendulum is among the most efficient systems owing to its broad range of effective pendula with several regimes that provide excellent energy dissipation abilities. Lately, a new generation of friction pendulum bearings called “Quintuple Friction Pendulum” was introduced to the literature and has since gained the attention of researchers. This isolator’s most significant advantages are the results of its capability to achieve multi-stage adaptive behavior which shows high energy dissipation capability from structures exposed to horizontal forces. Indeed, investigations that outlined the process for nonlinear modeling of structures supported on this type of isolation system are scarce. Thus, this research is intended to illustrate and discuss the approach for developing seismic code compliance finite element models for designing and analyzing reinforced concrete moment frames supported on quintuple friction pendulum bearings for nonlinear response-history analysis in OpenSees and SAP2000. As a part of the study, the nonlinearity of the isolation system and the superstructure will be considered. Moreover, the methods for overcoming essential issues such as damping leakage and isolator’s stiffness correction will be discussed. In general, the results of the discussed numerical examples have shown that both finite element packages are capable of achieving QFP hysteresis behavior as well as computing similar superstructural responses. Furthermore, the illustrated method of overcoming damping leakage provided reliable outcomes compared to the theoretical expectations. As well as the suggested approach for correcting the isolator’s initial stiffness was helpful in terms of accurately capturing the structure’s periods.
      Citation: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami
      PubDate: 2022-11-11T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793431123500021
       
  • Quantitative Modeling of Pulse-Like Ground Motions Using Imperialist
           Competitive Optimization Algorithm

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Zahra Minaei, Seyed Rohollah Hoseini Vaez, Ehsan Dehghani, Elham Ezzati
      Abstract: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami, Ahead of Print.
      Increasing attention in quantitative and qualitative models has been paid to the dominant velocity pulse of the pulse-like ground motions. Manual trial and error approach for fitting of time history and response spectrum of the actual record and simulated pulse has been employed to obtain pulse parameters of these models. In this study, a mathematical model and the imperialist competitive algorithm (ICA) are used to overcome the limitations of the previous studies. For this purpose, an objective function is defined as the norm deviation of the time history and response spectrum of the actual record and simulated pulse. The proposed approach is capable of identifying and extracting the dominant pulse of any pulse-like record, and consists of 91 pulse-like records used in this study. In all of 91 records, the highest accordance with time history and elastic response spectrum of actual records and extracted pulses is achieved. As a case study, the extracted pulses of the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake are used to generate artificial pulse-like records. The dynamic responses of the 3-story moment frame in SAC project subjected to generated records are investigated. The results show that the proposed approach can be used in parametric studies of pulse-like ground motions.
      Citation: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami
      PubDate: 2022-11-11T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793431123500033
       
  • Development of Near-Field Earthquake Loading Protocols for the Steel
           Moment Connections in Iran

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Elyas Alizehi, Mehdi Ghassemieh, Seyed Rasoul Mirghaderi, Mahmoud Ali Ali
      Abstract: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami, Ahead of Print.
      Steel moment frame buildings are widely used in Iran and around the world. The observations from major earthquakes underscored the importance of the beam-to-column connections in seismic force-resisting systems and their influence on such building’s performance. Since the most catastrophic earthquakes that occurred in Iran contained the characteristics of near-field earthquakes, hence understanding the behavior of these connections under such earthquakes is needed. This study proposed loading protocols for special steel moment-resisting frame systems under near-field earthquakes in Iran. Each of them had 23 damage half-cycles with a maximum inter-story drift of 0.065 radians. The proposed loading protocols were compared numerically to each other. The most influential one was chosen as the main loading protocol since it has the most destructive effect on the connection. The main loading protocol showed a faster rate of increase in the plastic strain and imposed the highest amount of dissipated energy at a former loading stage compared to other near-field earthquake loading protocols related to other countries such as SAC and Fang et al.
      Citation: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami
      PubDate: 2022-11-11T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793431123500057
       
  • Friction Tuned Mass Dampers in Seismic-Excited High-Rise Buildings with
           SSI Effects: A Reliability Assessment

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Sadegh Etedali, Morteza Akbari, Mohammad Seifi
      Abstract: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami, Ahead of Print.
      The probabilistic performance of the seismic-excited structures supplemented with passive control devices has recently received attention. Friction tuned mass damper (FTMD) devise as a novel passive control device is inspired by the idea of the combination of the friction mechanism with the traditional tuned mass damper (TMD) device. Although the application of the FTMD device has recently been considered for seismic control of structures, to the best of the authors’ knowledge, a probabilistic reliability evaluation of the high-rise building equipped with FTMD under near-field earthquakes considering soil-structure interaction (SSI) effects has not yet been addressed in the literature. In the presence of uncertainties considered for the structural model, FTMD model, foundation and soil model, and stochastic near-fault ground motion model, the reliability analyses are carried out on a benchmark 40-story building equipped with FTMD considering SSI effects to estimate the failure probabilities of both structures with and without FTMD. Three soil types, three earthquake magnitudes, three fault distances, and three seismic performance levels which include 162 reliability analyses are considered for the extension of the study. Considering different near-fault earthquake model parameters, a total average reduction of 51.13%, 49.42%, and 17.50% is given for the maximum inter-story drift ratio response of the structure equipped with FTMD than the uncontrolled ones. It is found that ignoring the uncertainties may result in an inaccurate estimation of the seismic responses of the tall buildings especially those built on soft soil near faults. The results show that the FTMD passive device is not able to satisfy the requirements of the seismic codes at the performance level of immediate occupancy, especially in high earthquake magnitudes and structures built near the fault. However, for the seismic performance levels of life safety and collapse prevention, the FTMD reduces failure probabilities of the structures for most conditions of the earthquake magnitudes and fault distances. The efficiency of the FTMD in the reduction of failure probability is often declined by increasing the softness of soils, especially for severe earthquakes closer to the fault.
      Citation: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami
      PubDate: 2022-10-05T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793431122500221
       
  • Estimation and Application of Strength and Stiffness Reduction Factors of
           Liquefiable Soil

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Jui-Ching Chou, Ming-Yen Chiang, Ciao-Rou Tang
      Abstract: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami, Ahead of Print.
      The reduction of soil strength and stiffness caused by soil liquefaction is an important issue in designing pile or shallow foundations on liquefiable soils. In practice, strength and stiffness reduction is considered via a reduction factor ([math]) approach in seismic design. Different sets of values of [math] are available according to the factor of safety against liquefaction ([math]) of the liquefiable soil; these values are usually calculated using simplified liquefaction analysis procedures. Each set of [math] is calibrated and constructed for specific simplified liquefaction analysis procedures or soil conditions. Thus, engineers have difficulty in selecting [math] when using a simplified liquefaction analysis procedure without a corresponding set of [math]. In this study, values of [math] for simplified liquefaction analysis procedures commonly used in Taiwan are obtained using a single element test via FLAC program and UBCSAND model. In addition, a novel application of [math] is introduced to improve the usability of the simplified numerical procedure used to predict the liquefaction-induced settlement of a shallow foundation. Simulation results show that the simplified numerical procedure with [math] approach yields a convincing and conservative result.
      Citation: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami
      PubDate: 2022-08-15T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793431122500208
       
  • Influences of Wall Configurations on Earthquake Behavior of Cantilever
           Retaining Walls Considering Soil-Structure Interaction Effects

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Kasif Furkan Ozturk, Tufan Cakir, Onur Araz
      Abstract: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami, Ahead of Print.
      Cantilever walls are frequently and necessarily built not only in earthquake prone regions but also on different foundation subsoils with various physical and mechanical characteristics. The response of these structures is a complicated soil-structure interaction (SSI) problem, in which the relative stiffness between the soil and structure is of critical importance. In addition to different soil conditions and earthquake motions, the wall configurations have an important role in the cantilever retaining wall design. Thus, the major objective of this work is to investigate the effects of various configurations on seismic response of the cantilever retaining walls considering SSI. Accordingly, the seismic response of the interaction systems is revealed using the 3D finite element models (FEM) in time domain, assuming linearly elastic behavior for the wall, and elastoplastic behavior for backfill and foundation soil. Viscous absorbent boundaries are employed to both simulate radiation scenario and avoid undesirable wave reflections generated by soil lateral boundaries. Backfill-wall interfaces are modeled using the unidirectional interface elements with nonlinear force-deflection abilities. The interaction systems are analyzed considering three different cantilever wall configurations (inverted T-type, L-type, and the wall with a base key), four different ground motion records, and four different subsoil systems. Nonlinear seismic analyses are carried out to visit how considering the variation of these parameters influences the wall behavior. The results from parametric studies show that the wall configuration, SSI effects and ground motions are remarkably influential on seismic responses of the cantilever walls such as the stresses and horizontal displacements.
      Citation: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami
      PubDate: 2022-08-15T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S179343112250021X
       
  • Derivation, Validation, and Numerical Implementation of a Two-Dimensional
           Boulder Transport Formulation by Coastal Waves

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      Authors: Masashi Watanabe, Takumi Yoshii, Volker Roeber, Kazuhisa Goto, Fumihiko Imamura
      Abstract: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami, Ahead of Print.
      Numerical computations for boulder transport have become a state-of-the-art tool for hindcasting the hydraulic processes associated with past storm wave and tsunami events. Since most previously developed two-dimensional formulations cater to boulders with symmetric outlines, they can consequently reproduce the transport distance and the velocity of boulders of cubic shape or similar structured geometries reasonably well. However, the formulations exhibit limitations when applied to rectangular- and flat-shaped boulders. The presently available formulations have difficulties reproducing the variations of frictional drag force due to the changes of the boulders’ contact time with the ground. We have developed an extended boulder transport formulation and derived a new empirical roughness coefficient by considering the shape of boulders that accounts for the changes of the boulders’ contact time with the ground. In comparison to other existing transport formulations, the present method provides superior accuracy of block velocity and transport distance in most cases — especially for boulders of rectangular geometry. Even by neglecting the full three-dimensional processes, numerical computations extended with the proposed boulder transport formulation can help explaining historic wave regimes, which were responsible for the transport of a variety of coastal boulders reported around the world.
      Citation: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami
      PubDate: 2022-07-07T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S179343112250018X
       
  • Creation of Tsunami Evacuation Time Map for the Mentawai Islands,
           Indonesia

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Yusuke Ono, Rusnardi Rahmat Putra
      Abstract: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami, Ahead of Print.
      The Mentawai Islands are located offshore of West Sumatra, Indonesia, and are likely to be hit by a large-scale tsunami in the future. In this study, maps showing tsunami evacuation times (ETs) along the road on the Mentawai Islands were developed to mitigate tsunami impact. We define the tsunami ET as the time required for an evacuee to move to a safe location through the road network from the tsunami inundation area. The safe locations were determined using a digital elevation model and the assumed tsunami inundation heights. The closest safe place for each location on the road network was determined using the shortest path search algorithm for the graph network. First, areas with high tsunami risk on the islands were identified using the obtained ET maps. Second, the appropriateness of the evacuation approach in the Matobe village on Sipora Island was evaluated based on the ET maps. Finally, population exposures to the different ET levels were estimated to quantify the potential risk of loss of life to a tsunami disaster in the Mentawai Islands. This study contributes to the tsunami disaster preparation of residents of the Mentawai Islands.
      Citation: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami
      PubDate: 2022-07-07T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793431122500191
       
  • Proposing a Set of Far-Field Records for Time History Analysis in Tehran
           City and Comparison with FEMA-P695 Set Records

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      Authors: M. Hassani Sokhtesaraei, M. Ghassemieh, S. R. Mirghaderi
      Abstract: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami, Ahead of Print.
      The aim of this paper is to prepare a list of appropriate far-field records for the purpose of time history analysis and structural design assessment in Tehran. Accordingly, the study focused on considering all parameters affecting the choice of accelerogram pair for Tehran. For this purpose, a total of 1000 accelerogram pairs of the earthquakes that occurred in Iran during 1978–2010 were studied in terms of the parameters affecting the choice of appropriate accelerogram pair for Tehran, including distance to the epicenter, magnitude, frequency content, earthquake mechanism, soil properties, and configuration of ground layers. An important objective followed by preparing such a list was to appropriately match it to susceptibility and performance levels set in local design standards. For this purpose, seismic, statistical, and analytic studies were performed, finally ending up with a list of appropriate accelerogram pairs for time history analysis and design assessment in Tehran. In this research, to provide a proper understanding of the proposed list’s applied demands on the region’s structures, numerical and statistical studies and comparisons with the FEMA-P695 list have been done.
      Citation: Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami
      PubDate: 2022-06-16T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793431122500178
       
 
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