Subjects -> EARTH SCIENCES (Total: 771 journals)
    - EARTH SCIENCES (527 journals)
    - GEOLOGY (94 journals)
    - GEOPHYSICS (33 journals)
    - HYDROLOGY (29 journals)
    - OCEANOGRAPHY (88 journals)

EARTH SCIENCES (527 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 371 Journals sorted by number of followers
Nature Geoscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 171)
IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156)
International Journal of Remote Sensing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 151)
Earth and Planetary Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 149)
Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 143)
Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 83)
Ocean & Coastal Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Marine Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
International Journal of Geographical Information Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Natural Hazards     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Journal of Earth System Science     Open Access   (Followers: 52)
Hydrological Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Geophysical Journal International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Journal of Hydrologic Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Groundwater     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
International Journal of Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Geomorphology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Marine Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Marine Environmental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Geology Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Chemical Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Quaternary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Coastal Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Reviews of Modern Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Geology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Advances In Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
GPS Solutions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Landslides     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Quaternary Science Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Structural Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Geoforum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Environmental Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Tectonophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Geocarto International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Coral Reefs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Bulletin of Volcanology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Marine and Petroleum Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Hydrobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Hydrogeology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Tellus A     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Marine Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Tellus B     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Sedimentary Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Earthquake Spectra     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Geological Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Quaternary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Global and Planetary Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Physics of Metals and Metallography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
African Journal of Aquatic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Geological Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Atmosphere-Ocean     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
The Holocene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Natural Hazards Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Metamorphic Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Asian Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Sedimentology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Quaternary International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Ocean Development & International Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Applied Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of the World Aquaculture Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Continental Shelf Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Hydro-environment Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Pramana     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Electromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Ocean Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Pure and Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
European Journal of Mineralogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Frontiers of Earth Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Ore Geology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Petrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of African Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
CATENA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Gondwana Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Marine Mammal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Physics of Plasmas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cretaceous Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Marine Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Earth Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: An International Geoscience Journal of the Geological Society of Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Lithos     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Seismology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Physik in unserer Zeit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Contemporary Physics (Armenian Academy of Sciences)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Geotectonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Facies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Comptes Rendus : Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Geodesy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Natural Resources Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Quaternary Geochronology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geophysical Prospecting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Geomechanics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Physics of the Solid State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Plasma Physics Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Precambrian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Systematic Palaeontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Ocean Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Coastal Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Geodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Ocean Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Petrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Sea Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geochemistry : Exploration, Environment, Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Ocean Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Geographical Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geo-Marine Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Marine and Freshwater Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Resource Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Terra Nova     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Geofluids     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Permafrost and Periglacial Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Marine Geophysical Researches     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Island Arc     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Energy Exploration & Exploitation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Organic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Marine Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Letters in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Limnologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Marine Geodesy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mineralium Deposita     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Meteorologische Zeitschrift     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Mathematical Physics, Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Zeitschrift der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
JETP Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Oceanology and Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Lithology and Mineral Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Surveys in Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Contributions to Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Russian Geology and Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Coal Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Fundamental and Applied Limnology / Archiv für Hydrobiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Geomagnetism and Aeronomy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie - Abhandlungen     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mining Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Geophysics and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Helgoland Marine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Rocks & Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Newsletters on Stratigraphy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Polar Record     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Mineralogy and Petrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
The Leading Edge     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Russian Physics Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Physics of Life Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Reports on Mathematical Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Russian Journal of Pacific Geology     Hybrid Journal  
Russian Journal of Mathematical Physics     Full-text available via subscription  
Physics of Wave Phenomena     Hybrid Journal  
Moscow University Physics Bulletin     Hybrid Journal  
Moscow University Geology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal  
Marine Georesources & Geotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Mountain Science     Hybrid Journal  
Grassland Science     Hybrid Journal  
Glass Physics and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
Erwerbs-Obstbau     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the Lebedev Physics Institute     Hybrid Journal  

        1 2 3 | Last

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Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.952
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1468-8115 - ISSN (Online) 1468-8123
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [339 journals]
  • Study on Deterioration Effect of Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Granite
           at Subzero Temperatures

    • Abstract: In the present work, through the dynamic impact test of frozen granite, the effect of temperature on the dynamic mechanical performances of granite at high strain rates were investigated. Based on the existing energy and damage theory, the effects of different low temperatures on the energy dissipation, damage variables, and strength of red sandstone are explored. The reasons for the deterioration of granite dynamic mechanical strength at low temperature are studied by combining analyses of fracture morphology. Researched results showed that low temperatures (
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Jun 2022 10:35:02 +000
  • Analysis of Energy Transmission and Deformation Characteristics of
           Coal-Rock Combined Bodies

    • Abstract: A coal-rock system is a common combination form in coal mines. In order to explore the energy interchange law of a coal-rock combined body and the interaction relationship between the two bodies, loading tests of coal-rock combined bodies with different height ratios were carried out. The loading path of rock in coal-rock combined bodies was demonstrated by means of a single loading and unloading test of the same-sized rock sample. Furthermore, a method to calculate rock energy was proposed based on the area of the loading and unloading curve. The experimental results show that the greater the surrounding rock pressure is, the smaller increase rate of lateral and volumetric strain in the postpeak stage will be when the same height ratio is present. An increase in the surrounding rock pressure causes an increase in the total strain energy density of small-sized rock samples. However, the total strain energy density is always greater than the elastic strain energy density. And the elastic and dissipated strain energy densities also increase, along with the energy dissipation with unloading. When the proportion of coal bodies increases, the energy accumulation also shows an increasing trend. When the height of the coal is greater than half the height of the complete specimen, the coal energy proportion is greater than 60%. After reaching the yield load, the energy in the coal body is dissipated in forms such as plastic deformation, internal damage, block friction, radiation energy, and kinetic energy. Therefore, the energy released is, in part, reflected in the rock body.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Jun 2022 10:35:02 +000
  • Investigation of Anisotropic Behavior and Statistical Evolution of
           Acoustic Emission Energy during the Deformation of Layered Sandstone

    • Abstract: To further understand the anisotropic behavior of layered rock and the precursor characteristics of rock mass instability, a series of uniaxial compression experiments using a loading system and an acoustic emission system was conducted on sandstone specimens. The influence of bedding on the mechanical parameters and failure modes and the statistical evolution of the acoustic emission energy were successively discussed. The results of axial stress-strain curves and crack propagation modes showed that the existence of a bedding plane increased the anisotropy of the rocks, and the magnitude of the bedding inclination also exerted certain influence on this anisotropy. Furthermore, we used the least squares method and the maximum likelihood method to analyze the value and power-law exponent, respectively. The results of statistical evolution of acoustic emission energy showed that the value, the effective power-law exponent, and the optimal exponent could be used as monitoring indexes for the rock mass stability. With the progress of the experiment, the following phenomena pertaining to acoustic emission activities occurred, which may indicate imminent danger of collapse: (1) the crackling noises increased significantly; (2) the variation of the value exhibited a significant downward trend; and (3) the effective power-law exponent and the optimal exponent changed in different stages and gradually decreased as the final failure was approached. The findings in this paper may provide a theoretical basis for predicting the collapse and instability of rock mass structures.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Jun 2022 09:35:00 +000
  • Analysis of Engineering and Geological Conditions of International
           Submarine Optical Fiber Cable Routing in the East China Sea Section

    • Abstract: The East China Sea section of the Chinese international submarine optical fiber cable generally starts from the Shanghai coast, crosses the East China Sea shelf and continental slope to the east, and intersects with the international optical fiber cable system in Okinawa Trough. In this paper, the regional tectonic, seismic, and other environmental conditions of the East China Sea section of the international submarine optical cable are briefly described based on the previous data. Additionally, the geological engineering conditions of the international optical cable routing in the East China Sea area will be analyzed based on the field investigation data such as multibeam, side-scan sonar, shallow stratigraphic profile, sediment sampling, and cone penetration test (CPT). It is found that the main geological factors in the East China Sea shelf area are submarine scouring, sandwave, shallow gas, and hard seabed; in the land slope area are steep slope, submarine valley, rock, landslide, and shallow gas (pockmark); and in the Okinawa Trough area are gully, sea mound/seamount, rock, shallow gas, fault, and hard strata outcrop. This paper briefly analyzes the impact of each geological disaster factor on the submarine cable project and proposes solutions for providing essential information and some scientific basis for designing, constructing, operating, and maintaining international submarine optical fiber cables in the East China Sea area.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Jun 2022 08:05:02 +000
  • Cocompetitive Characteristics and Quantitative Design of Engineering
           Parameters for Coal Gas Predrainage Boreholes

    • Abstract: Quantitative design of the optimal gas extraction engineering parameters has always been a key scientific problem to meet the predrainage target of the coal seam, which is paid great attention to and urgently expected to solve for the gas extraction engineering of coal mine. In this paper, the governing equation of the evolution of coal seam gas content is established under the interference and cooperation of gas extraction by boreholes, and the calculation formula of gas cooperative efficiency is defined. Based on gas-air mixed flow, a multifield coupling 3d model of coal gas extraction using boreholes was developed. The content, method, and principle of optimal spacing parameter design of extraction borehole were proposed, and the constraint conditions and objective function of optimal design were constructed. The flow characteristics of gas extraction using boreholes in the coal seam area and the influence of different parameters on gas extraction effect are studied. The cooperative and competitive behaviors of gas extraction by boreholes in coal seam are revealed. The results show that borehole spacing, seam fracture permeability, and gas adsorption constant have significant effects on the synergistic and competitive effects of gas extraction, while the negative pressure of gas extraction and coal matrix permeability have little effects, but the negative pressure of gas extraction has great effects on gas extraction concentration. Finally, Comsol With Matlab is used to solve the multiconstraint nonlinear optimization problem of gas drainage engineering parameters along coal seam in 18401 working face of Tunlan Coal Mine. The effect of actual gas extraction investigation is very remarkable, which provides a quantitative calculation basis for scientific gas extraction in coal mine.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Jun 2022 08:05:01 +000
  • Investigation of Non-Newtonian Characteristics of Water Flow in
           Micro-/Nanochannels and Tight Reservoirs

    • Abstract: The characteristic scale of pore flow in tight reservoirs is generally in the range of 0.1 μm to 1 μm, which shows the obvious micro- and nanoscale effect. The traditional oil and gas seepage theory cannot accurately describe the flow law of liquid in the micro- and nanopores. The determination of seepage characteristics is crucial to the development, layout, and prediction of tight oil. Therefore, a non-Newtonian fluid model is established to discuss the flow characteristics of confined liquid in the heterogeneous pores of microtubules and reveal the nonlinear seepage law of water in micro- and nanochannels and tight reservoirs. Based on the characteristics of non-Newtonian fluid of confined fluid in micro- and nanospace, the flow model of non-Newtonian fluid under the action of shear stress was deduced. The flow velocity variation of liquid in micro- and nanochannel and dense core was analyzed, and the flow rate of water was less than that predicted by macro theory. According to the flow experiment of water in micro- and nanochannels, the flow model of power-law non-Newtonian fluid was verified. At the same time, through the flow experiment of water in the dense rock core, the non-Newtonian model was used for nonlinear fitting, and the non-Newtonian power-law parameters and average pore radius were obtained, which verified the effectiveness of the non-Newtonian flow model.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Jun 2022 08:05:01 +000
  • Pressure Modification or Barrier Issues during Polymer Flooding Enhanced
           Oil Recovery

    • Abstract: Effective oil displacement from a reservoir requires adequate and properly directed pressure gradients in areas of high oil saturation. If the polymer bank is too large or too viscous during a polymer flood, the pressure drops from the injection well to the polymer front may act as a pressure modification or barrier by usurping most of the downstream driving force for oil displacement. Polymer injection pressures must be limited. The maximum allowable injection pressure is commonly constrained by caprock integrity, injection equipment, and/or regulations, even though fractures can be beneficial to polymer injectivity. This paper examines when the pressure-barrier concept limits the size and viscosity of the polymer bank during a polymer flood. Analytical and numerical methods are used to address this issue. We examine the relevance of the pressure modification concept for a wide variety of circumstances, including oil viscosities ranging from 10 cp to 1650 cp, vertical wells versus horizontal wells, single versus multiple layered reservoirs, permeability contrast, and crossflow between layers. We also examine the relation between the pressure-barrier concept and fractures and fracture extension during polymer injection. We demonstrate that in reservoirs with single layers, the pressure-barrier concept only limits the optimum viscosity of the injected polymer if the mobility of the polymer bank is less than the mobility of the displaced oil bank. The same is true for multizoned reservoirs with no crossflow between layers. Thus, for these cases, the optimum polymer viscosity is likely to be dictated by the mobility of the oil bank, unless other factors intervene. For multizoned reservoirs with free crossflow between layers, the situation is different. A compromise must be reached between injected polymer viscosity and the efficiency of oil recovery. This work is particularly relevant to viscous oil reservoirs where polymer viscosities are substantially lower than the oil viscosity.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Jun 2022 10:50:01 +000
  • Diffraction Wave Attributes to Identify Small-Scale Geological Bodies

    • Abstract: Aiming at the difficulties in the fine description of small- and medium-scale geological bodies in storage, this paper develops a method for describing geological bodies using diffracted wave data and systematically explains the effectiveness of the method through model calculations. Finally, this method is applied to fractures. In the fine description of the type of reservoir and the intrusive rock mass of the reservoir, two diffraction wave attribute analysis methods are used to achieve the fine description of the distribution law of the above small-scale geological bodies. The principal component analysis method is proposed to extract the diffraction from the seismic wave field. Information, the wave field is separated through the kinematics and dynamics of the diffraction wave, and the obtained diffraction wave field better reflects the distribution law of small-scale geological bodies. Verified by examples, the diffraction wave analysis method can be more refined and a comprehensive description of the distribution of small-scale geological bodies.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Jun 2022 07:50:01 +000
  • Study on the Evolution Laws of Anchoring Property of Surrounding Rock of
           Argillaceous Weakly Cemented Roadway in Water Environment

    • Abstract: This paper is aimed at studying the influence of composition and microstructure on the Jurassic weakly cemented rock mechanical properties. No. 1802 tailentry was used as the engineering background, located in the Danan Lake No. 5 mine in Xinjiang, China. The weakly cemented sandstone compositions were analyzed by using X-ray diffraction instrument. And the microstructure was observed by using a scanning electron microscope. The uniaxial compression experiment was carried out to investigate the mechanical characteristics by using MTS mechanics experimental system, and the uniaxial compressive strength, Poisson’s ratio, and elastic modulus were obtained. The relationships between the mechanical parameters that include the mineral composition, microstructural characteristics, uniaxial compressive strength (UCS), elastic modulus, cohesion, and friction angle of the weakly cemented sandstone and the water content were obtained. The attenuation of the anchorage force of the weakly cemented surrounding rock under different water-rich conditions was studied. The key reason of No. 1802 tailentry surrounding rock structure deterioration and roof fall was found. The model of a single anchor structure was established based on FLAC3D to study the mechanical response of a single anchor structure under different water contents and the distribution and evolution laws of bearing stress field, effective compressive stress, and anchor axial force. The influences of parameters such as water content, pretightening force, and anchor length on the preload diffusion effect of weakly cemented surrounding rock anchorage structures are obtained. The key to controlling the deterioration of the surrounding rock structure of the weakly cemented entry is to reduce the water content of the roof. The research results provide reference for the control of the entry surrounding rock under similar stratum conditions.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Jun 2022 07:20:01 +000
  • Fractal Characteristics of the Seepage Erosion Process in Porous Soil

    • Abstract: Seepage-induced erosion in porous soil has always been a major concern in the field of geofluids. Various fractal models have been built to theoretically investigate the porosity and permeability coefficient. However, the seepage erosion process (i.e., incubation, formation, evolution, and destruction) in porous soil is not clearly demonstrated to clarify the seepage fractal characteristics. In this paper, a series of hydraulic tests were performed to reveal the mass fractal characteristics of sandy gravels, coarse-grained sands, and fine-grained sands in the seepage erosion process. The results show that the mass fractal dimension was appropriate to describe the cumulative mass distribution of particles, the complexity of pore networks, and the dynamic changes of the seepage erosion process. Moreover, the scale-invariant interval, as an essential precondition for the accurate calculation of the mass fractal dimension, was to some extent affected by the average grain size and the fine content of porous soil. In particular, the changing trend of porosity and permeability coefficient with the mass fractal dimension was demonstrated in the seepage erosion process. Both porosity and permeability coefficients indicated an increasing trend as the development of seepage erosion. However, the mass fractal dimension gradually decreased due to the removal of fine particles induced by seepage flow water. Research findings will not only provide a new perspective on the seepage erosion mechanism but also predict the development of the seepage erosion process in engineering practice.
      PubDate: Sun, 26 Jun 2022 08:35:01 +000
  • Parameter Sensitivity Analysis of the Hydraulic Fracture Growth Geometry
           in a Deep Shale Oil Formation: An Experimental Study

    • Abstract: The depth of shale oil of Fengcheng Formation in Mahu of Junggar Basin, China, is 4500-5000 m. The horizontal principal stress difference of deep shale reservoir is high, which makes it difficult to form complex fractures during fracturing reconstruction. In order to fully understand the law of hydraulic fracture propagation in the formation during fracturing construction, the anisotropy characteristics and basic reservoir physical parameters (mineral composition and rock strength parameters) of rock were obtained through mineral composition test and indoor rock mechanics test (Brazil splitting test), and it was found that the heterogeneity was strong. The true triaxial fracturing simulation experimental system is used to carry out experimental research on full-diameter core rock samples, and the propagation patterns of hydraulic fractures under the influence of different geological factors (in situ stress difference and natural fractures) and engineering factors (pumping rate and fracturing fluid viscosity) are compared and analyzed. The results show that the in situ stress is the most important factor affecting fracture propagation, which determines the direction and shape of fracture propagation. The natural weak surface (lamina/bedding and natural fractures, etc.) in shale reservoir is an important reason for complex fractures. The nature of the weak plane, occurrence, and in situ stress jointly determine whether the fracture can extend through the weak plane. With the increase of pumping rate (18 mL/min to 30 mL/min), the ability of hydraulic fractures to penetrate layers is continuously enhanced. The horizontal principal stress difference of deep shale reservoir is high, and the low viscosity fracturing fluid (10 mPa·s) tends to activate the horizontal bedding, while the high viscosity fracturing fluid (80 mPa·s) tends to directly penetrate the bedding to form the vertical main fracture. Therefore, the fracturing technology of alternating injection of prehigh viscosity fracturing fluid and postlow viscosity fracturing fluid can be adopted to maximize the complexity of fracturing fractures in deep shale reservoirs. The research results are designed to provide theoretical guidance for prediction of hydraulic fracturing fracture propagation in shale reservoir and have certain reference significance for field construction.
      PubDate: Sun, 26 Jun 2022 01:20:00 +000
  • Interactions of Foundation Pit on the Underlying Adjacent Existing
           Underground Structures

    • Abstract: The influence of foundation pit excavation on deformation and stability of the supporting structure of underlying adjacent existing tunnel is a comprehensive geotechnical engineering problem, including unloading effect of foundation pit excavation and the coupling effect of deformation of the tunnel surrounding rock and supporting structure. Using numerical calculation methods, this paper changes the different excavation depths and widths of foundation pit and discusses the evolution law about force and deformation of tunnel supporting structure, and the changing relationship of the axial force of tunnel anchor with the distance between foundation pit and tunnel is obtained and compares the influence of different excavation way of foundation pit on the axial force of anchor rod near the existing tunnel. It is found that with the increase of distance between foundation pit and tunnel, the axial force of anchor rod at the top of tunnel under the foundation pit entirely symbolizes a trend of increases first and then decreases, the axial force of the leftmost anchor rod changes from pressure to tension, then decreases gradually. When the foundation pit depth increases, the axial force of the anchor rod at the top of the tunnel increases, the axial force of the leftmost anchor rod decreases, and the width of foundation pit absolutely has little effect on the axial force of the leftmost and the top tunnel.
      PubDate: Sat, 25 Jun 2022 06:35:01 +000
  • Influence of Caprock Morphology on Solubility Trapping during CO2
           Geological Sequestration

    • Abstract: Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) technology is one of the indispensable alternatives to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. In this technology, carbon capture and transport grid will send CO2 to the storage facilities that are using various storage techniques. Geologic carbon sequestration (GCS) is one such storage technique where CO2 is injected into a deep geological subsurface formation. The injected CO2 is permanently stored in the formation due to structural, residual, solubility, and mineral trapping phenomena. Among different trapping mechanisms, solubility trapping plays a significant role in the safe operation of GCS. In this work, the study is conducted to elucidate the influence of top surface caprock morphology on the solubility trapping mechanism. The simulation results show that the naturally available heterogeneous formations with anticline and without anticline structure influence the solubility fingering phenomena and solubility entrapment percentage over a geological time scale. The lateral migration and sweeping efficiency results of both the synthetic domains for the injected CO2 have shown the importance of caprock morphology on solubility trapping and selection of injection rate. Quantification of solubility trapping in two morphological structures revealed that the synthetic domain without anticline morphology had shown higher solubility trapping. In the future, the simulation data using Artificial Neural Networks can be applied to predict the structural and solubility trapping of geological formations. This analysis further helps incorporating the interaction of CO2 with porous media leading to a mineral trapping mechanism.
      PubDate: Sat, 25 Jun 2022 06:35:01 +000
  • Lower Cambrian Organic-Rich Shales in Southern China: A Review of
           Gas-Bearing Property, Pore Structure, and Their Controlling Factors

    • Abstract: The Lower Cambrian shales are widely developed in southern China, with greater thicknesses and higher TOC contents. Although the shale gas resource potential has been suggested to be huge, the shale gas exploration and development is not satisfactory. At present, the gas-bearing property evaluation of the Lower Cambrian shale is still a hot spot of concern. According to previous works, this paper systematically summarizes the gas-bearing characteristics and controlling factors of the Lower Cambrian shales in southern China. The buried depth of Lower Cambrian shales mainly ranges from 3000 m to 6000 m, and the thickness of organic-rich shale intervals () varies from 20 m to 300 m. The TOC content and EqVRo value are generally up to 2%-10% and 2.5%-6.0%, respectively. The gas content of the Lower Cambrian shales in the Weiyuan-Qianwei block of the Sichuan Basin and the western Hubei area generally exceeds 2 m3/t, and gas composition is dominated by CH4. In southeastern Chongqing, northwestern Hunan, and northern Guizhou areas, the gas content of the Lower Cambrian shales is generally 60%. In the Lower Yangtze region, the Lower Cambrian shale reservoirs basically contain no gas. Higher maturity, lower porosity, and less-no organic pores are suggested to be responsible for low gas contents and/or the predominate of N2 in shale gas reservoirs. Strong tectonic deformation is an important factor leading to the massive gas loss from shale reservoirs, thus resulting in no gas or only a small amount of N2 in the Lower Cambrian shales. In a word, the Lower Cambrian shale gas plays with low maturity and relatively stable tectonic condition, especially deep-ultradeep zones, may be the favorable targets for shale gas exploration.
      PubDate: Sat, 25 Jun 2022 04:05:01 +000
  • Experimental Investigation of the Influence of the Anchor Cable
           Inclination Angle on the Seismic Response Characteristics of Anchored

    • Abstract: Studies show that prestressed anchor cable antislide piles have good antiseismic characteristics. As an important parameter in the design of anchor-cable piles, the effect of anchor-cable inclination on the seismic response of the anchor-cable pile system has been rarely studied so far. In the present study, the seismic response characteristics of the anchor-pulled pile under different cable inclinations are studied using a large-scale seismic model test platform and numerical methods. The obtained results show that the inclined angle of the anchor cable has a great influence on the seismic response of the pile-anchor system. It is found that under the same seismic conditions, the axial force of the anchor cable becomes smaller as the anchor dip angle increases, while the pile top displacement becomes larger. The dynamic earth pressure behind the pile changes from the sliding surface to the pile top, indicating that the earth pressure near the sliding surface and the pile top is of active and passive earth pressure types, respectively. This pressure decreases with the increase of the anchor dip angle, thereby affecting the performance of the antisliding pile.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Jun 2022 06:35:00 +000
  • Experimental Research on the Effective Utilization of Remaining Oil Based
           on the Microfluidic Flat Model

    • Abstract: Using the micro model plus full-information scanning video, it can vividly and intuitively reproduce the fluid movement during the oil, gas, and water displacement process and the microscopic remaining oil morphology and distribution after the water flooding is completed. Based on the microfluidic flat plate model experiment, this paper discusses the microresidue comprehensively for the specific development well pattern (inverse seven-point well pattern), well type, and fracture occurrence morphology (horizontal fracture) produced by fracturing, taking into account the comparative displacement method, the law of effective use of oil. The research results show that the effect of nitrogen flooding and foam flooding in horizontal fractured conventional wells is better than that of water flooding. The remaining oil after nitrogen flooding and foam flooding is mainly columnar and plug; the remaining oil of water flooding is mainly striped and networked. And the remaining oil saturation is high (72.2%). The main reason for this type of remaining oil is that there is still a large amount of contiguous remaining oil that has not been used; the horizontal fracture horizontal well has the best nitrogen flooding effect, and the remaining oil saturation is low (25.48%), the remaining oil form after nitrogen flooding is mainly striped, the remaining oil content of the other types is low, and the remaining oil form after water flooding is mainly columnar and net.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Jun 2022 06:20:00 +000
  • The Instability of High-Steep Road Cutting Slope: A 3D Continuum-Discrete
           Coupling Method

    • Abstract: In this paper, the 3D continuum-discrete coupling analysis method combined with the strength reduction theory is used to study the macrodeformation, stress law, and microfracture mechanism of a high and steep cutting slope of Zhongkai Expressway in Guangdong Province. The 3D continuum-discrete coupling slope model is established based on the finite difference software FLAC and the discrete element program PFC. Then, based on the correlations between stress tensor and force chain, displacement and shear strain increment, plastic deformation, and microfracture, the mechanism of slope instability is analyzed from macro- and microscales. The research shows the following: (1) the continuum-discrete coupling model is reasonable and effective in the three-dimensional slope stability analysis. (2) The coupling domain was penetrated by the shear band, and the upper part displacement of the coupling domain was large, whose direction was basically consistent with the shear band direction; thus, the slope slip surface was formed. (3) The microfracture can represent the macroscopic failure phenomenon, and the slope landslide can be interpreted as the result of shear fracture in slip direction, accompanied by the extension and penetration of tension crack.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Jun 2022 06:20:00 +000
  • Large Eddy Simulation Research on the Evolution Mechanism of Aircraft Wake
           Influenced by Cubic Obstacle

    • Abstract: Aircraft wake is a kind of intense air movement, and the study of its generation, development, and dissipation law is of great significance to the flight safety. There are abundant researches on the evolution of aircraft wakes affected by weather and ground effects; however, there are few studies on the influence of a single obstacle on the evolution of aircraft wake. In this article, in order to explore the influence of a single obstacle on the evolution of aircraft wake, firstly, we develop a computational fluid dynamics-based method of simulation of aircraft wake affected by cubic obstacle of different heights in order to obtain the wake intensity changes and position changes before and after being affected by the obstacle. Then, the result data are visualized and analyzed, and we obtain the results of velocity and criterion contours, circulation, and data related to wake vortex structure. CFD simulations are conducted, including the cases of the vertical distance between wake vortex and obstacle which is 20 m, 60 m, 100 m, and no obstacle. The quantitative results indicate that a single obstacle also has a great influence on the evolution of the wake vortex. Obstacle will shorten the time for the wake vortex to enter the fast decay stage, and the smaller the distance the wake vortex is above the obstacle, the faster it enters the fast decay stage. In the same time, the circulation will reduce 20% more under the same calculation time when the wake is 20 m above the obstacle than when the wake is 100 m above the obstacle, and the circulation will reduce 45% more than when there is no obstacle. Single obstacle also leads to the generation of multiple secondary vortices and rotates around the wake vortex, resulting in the increase of wake vortex core radius, wake vortex core spacing, and wake vortex height.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Jun 2022 05:35:00 +000
  • Prediction of the Control Effect of Fractured Leakage in Unconventional
           Reservoirs Using Machine Learning Method

    • Abstract: Bridging plugging is the most used method of plugging in unconventional oil reservoirs, and many factors affect the effect of bridging and plugging. Since the laboratory cannot simulate the actual leakage size of the lost formation and the corresponding leakage plugging process at the drilling site, the laboratory experiment results cannot reflect the actual leakage plugging construction effect. Aiming at the problem of frequent fracture leakage during drilling in Chepaizi block, Xinjiang, China, this paper proposes a set of machine learning methods based on a neural network. Three types of factors and 14 parameters with a strong correlation with the leakage control effect were screened out. Three categories of factors include construction parameters, choice of plugging material, and fluid properties of the carrier fluid. The training was carried out based on the collected field data, the appropriate activation function was set, and the deep well network structure was optimized. By improving the field plugging measures in the later period, the model was verified by these actual cases, and the results showed that the established model produced the highest of 0.974, has a good fit, and predicts well.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Jun 2022 05:20:01 +000
  • Seismic Response and Economic Study of New Light Steel-Wood-Plastic
           Structure in Rural Yunnan, China

    • Abstract: A new type of light steel-wood-plastic residential structure in rural has popular in recent years in rural Yunnan, China. The application of light steel, wood, and new plastic materials in practical engineering is gradually increasing due to its advantages of green ecology and waste utilization, and its response characteristics under earthquakes have attracted great attention. In this paper, seismic-resistant models, seismic-isolated models, and seismic-damped models for multistorey light steel-wood-plastic structures were established using the SAP2000 finite element software based on different seismic response methods. The seismic-isolated model is divided into five schemes, namely, LRB400, LRB500, LRB600, high damped, and friction pendulum-isolated bearings, and the seismic-damped model is divided into three schemes, namely, ordinary bracing, soft-steel bracing, and BRB bracing at the same locations around the 2nd floor of the building. Nonlinear time analysis was carried out for the nine schemes, comparing the period, structural interstorey displacement, base shear, top displacement, top acceleration, and economy of the structure under the action of an 8-degree earthquake. Results show that the period of the seismic-isolated system increased by approximately 130% compared to the seismic-resistant system, and the period of the damped system decreased slightly compared to the seismic system, the interstorey displacement, base shear, and top acceleration of both the seismic-isolated system and the damped system were smaller than those of the seismic-resistant system, and the seismic-isolated system decreased by approximately 40% compared to the damped system, and the seismic-isolated system was more effective than the damped system. From the comparison of postearthquake damage cost and full-cycle cost, the economic performance of the seismic-isolated structure is better than that of the damped and seismic-resistant structures. The conclusions of this paper can provide a scientific reference for promoting the use of new light steel-wood-plastic residential buildings.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Jun 2022 04:20:00 +000
  • Experimental Study on the Modification Mechanisms of Dispersive Soil
           Treated with Hydroxyl Aluminum

    • Abstract: Dispersive soil is a special clay that is easy to disintegrate and disperse into particles and suspend in water, which can easily cause erosion and piping damage of dams, grooves, and road slopes. In this study, a new dispersive clay modifier hydroxyl aluminum (a positively charged aluminum hydroxide electrolyte) was proposed. Previous studies have shown that it can well coat montmorillonite in clay and combine with it to stabilize the properties of clay. The modification effect and interaction mechanism of hydroxyl aluminum on dispersive soil were studied through indoor dispersion discrimination, physical and mechanical, and micro mechanism tests (SEM and XRD). The experimental results indicate the following: With the increase of hydroxyl aluminum content, the dispersion of dispersed soil decreases and becomes nondispersive soil. Hydroxyl aluminum has an excellent inhibiting dispersion effect on dispersive soil, and it has the “agglomeration” and “cementation” effect on the dispersive soil particles. The addition of hydroxyl aluminum makes the dispersive soil agglomerated crystals arranged closely, and the number of pores between the particles reduces clearly, making the dispersed particles agglomerated. It can also reduce the alkalinity of the clay and make the clay structure more stable to restrain the dispersion of clay.
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Jun 2022 04:50:00 +000
  • Effect of Corn Stalk Biochar on the Evolution of Water Evaporation and
           Cracking of Soil

    • Abstract: The evolution of water evaporation and cracking of soil affected by corn stalk biochar is experimentally investigated. Water evaporates from the soil surface, causing shrinkage in soil body and forming cracks, which significantly lead to crop nutrient loss, groundwater pollution, and land salinization. Biochar is a recyclable natural material widely used in improving the water retention and suppression of cracking of soils. Free desiccation tests were conducted with adding the biochar contents of 0%, 4%, and 8%. The variation of water evaporation amount and the development of cracking were recorded and disposed. The results show that the evaporation process can be changed due to the addition of biochar contents. The evaporation rate can be divided into three phases of a constant rapid evaporation phase, a fluctuated evaporation phase, and a residual evaporation phase. A sudden increase at around 30% of moisture content in evaporation rate indicated that the crack began to develop and extend greatly, which increased the evaporation surface area. The residual moisture contents of soils with biochar contents of 4% and 8% increased by 105.56% and 88.38% than those of soil without biochar, respectively. The crack ratio reduced by 32.39% and 15.31% with the addition of biochar contents of 4% and 8%, respectively. A three-level crack was observed during evaporation process, where a second and third crack developed less with the addition of biochars. The corn stalk biochar improves the integrity of soil bodies and increases the connection of soil particles for more water storing between the biochar particles and soil particles. It can be concluded that corn stalk biochars are able to delay the evaporation and cracking developing in cohesive soils, which may be beneficial for crops in dry area.
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Jun 2022 04:35:01 +000
  • Study on the Floating of Large Diameter Underwater Shield Tunnel Caused by
           Synchronous Grouting

    • Abstract: Synchronous grouting is the key factor causing segment floating during the construction of shield tunnel, especially the grout ratio and the control of the grouting pressure. In this paper, the ratio of grout material was optimized through multiple groups of physical and mechanical tests. The results showed that 0.3% content of water reducing agent in grout could improve the ability of water resistance significantly. 2.9% content of bentonite could reduce bleeding rate of grout and grout setting time and improve the fluidity in the meantime. Then, the distribution law of grout along the segment ring in the filling stage was studied based on a typical underwater tunnel in China. The results showed that the theoretical calculation of grouting pressure was between 0.15 MPa and 0.18 MPa, which were in good agreement with the measured data. The grouting pressure distribution is affected by four parts including the lateral earth pressure, foundation reaction, grout shear stress, and gravity.
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Jun 2022 04:20:00 +000
  • Analysis on Evolution Law of Small Structure Stress Arch and Composite
           Bearing Arch in Island Gob-Side Entry Driving

    • Abstract: At present, the theory of supporting the surrounding rock small structure of gob-side entry driving has been widely used, but there is no specific quantitative analytical formula for the bearing strength and bearing characteristics of the structure. Construct a small structural stress arch mechanical model based on the arch axis equation, and divide the width of coal pillars (fractured zone-plastic softening zone-plastic hardening zone) and small structural stress arch height. According to the relationship between the stress arch height and the size of the roadway, the anchor cable length is determined to be 7.3 m, and the “anchor mesh + ordinary long anchor cable + grouting anchor cable” coordinated support plan is proposed: anchor net support is used for the first support, and long anchor cable and grouting anchor cable are used for the second support. Combined with the supporting parameters, a mechanical model of the surrounding rock composite bearing stress arch is proposed, and the composite bearing stress arch structure is derived using elastoplastic mechanics to obtain the ultimate bearing strength relationship expression. The results show that the ultimate bearing capacity of the haulage gateway of 17236 island working-face in the north of Zhangji coal mine can reach 29.193 MPa after the composite bearing stress arch support. The feasibility of the supporting scheme is verified, and field monitoring showed that the deformation zone of the surrounding rock of the transportation haulage gateway is stable after being supported by the composite bearing stress arch structure, the maximum shrinkage of the top and bottom of the roadway is 287 mm, and the distance between the two sides is 640 mm.
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Jun 2022 03:35:01 +000
  • Roof-Breaking Characteristics and Ground Pressure Behavior in Deep
           Jurassic Coal Seams: A Thick-Plate Model and Field Measurements

    • Abstract: Roof-breaking characteristics and ground pressure behavior of the coalface are instrumental in guiding deep Jurassic coal seam mining, in particular in the Shaanxi and Inner Mongolia regions of China. A thick-plate mechanical model (TPMM) of the main roof was developed and applied to the case study of 21102 first-mined coalface (FMC) of the Hulusu Coal Mine (HCM) in the Hujirt Mining Area (HMA), China. A theoretical analysis performed via the developed model revealed that the first and periodic breaking intervals of the main roof were 40.6 and 25.0 m, respectively. The roof failure occurred in the tensile mode, was controlled by the internal stress in the rock strata, and started from the center of the long side with the fixed support in the goaf. The field measurement of roof weighting was also performed for the coalface advance from zero to 400 m. The measurement results showed that the first weighting average interval was 41.4 m, and the average interval of periodic weighting was 22.0 m, which agreed with the theoretical calculation and proved the proposed model’s feasibility. Finally, the frequency distribution features of the hydraulic support working resistance in the FMC were analyzed statistically. The results showed that the ZY10000-16/32D supports could adapt to the mining geological conditions of the FMC. However, the margin of the rated working resistance of supports was still small. Thus, roof management enhancement during the mining process was strongly recommended. These research findings could offer theoretical guidance for safe and high-efficiency production in the coal mines under similar geological conditions.
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Jun 2022 03:35:01 +000
  • Study on Energy Distribution Law and Numerical Simulation of Mining
           Roadway Surrounding Rock

    • Abstract: In underground engineering, the deformation and failure process of the surrounding rock of the roadway is always accompanied by the occurrence of energy. The study of the energy distribution law of the surrounding rock of the roadway plays an important role in its stability. This paper first theoretically analyzes the stress and energy distribution law of the surrounding rock of the roadway, then with the help of numerical simulation method, combined with the existing physical and mechanical parameters, based on the existing support parameters of Dongrong No. 2 Mine, gradually compares and analyzes the distribution of vertical stress and energy under the three support methods of no support, original support, and combined support, and the results found that the vertical stress distribution law under the three support methods is basically the same. High-stress areas appear on the two ribs of the roadway, and low-stress areas appear on the roof and floor. The range of high-stress areas from no support to combined support continues to decrease and becomes more evenly distributed. The energy distribution pattern is basically the same. The overall energy of the coal seam is high. There are high-energy areas at 2 m left and right of the roadway, and the roof and floor energy of the roadway is the smallest. The low energy area extends 5 m up and down, respectively. The range of high-energy areas from no support to combined support is shrinking, and the energy distribution is more uniform.
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Jun 2022 03:35:01 +000
  • A Multiparameter Coupled Prediction Model for Annular Cuttings Bed Height
           in Horizontal Wells

    • Abstract: Cuttings accumulation in horizontal drilling is one of the main reasons for high drilling torque and drag and serious backing pressure and consequently influencing the rate of penetration (ROP), so inhibiting the generation of cuttings bed and keeping the hole clean is an important prerequisite to ensure the smooth and safe drilling of horizontal section. In order to master the formation mechanism of cuttings bed and reveal the influence law of influencing factors, based on the three-layer cuttings bed migration model and the two-phase solid-liquid flow theory, this paper establishes a numerical simulation method for cuttings migration characteristics in the annulus of horizontal wells, reveals the cuttings concentration distribution law and migration characteristics in the horizontal well section, and fits the engineering prediction model of cuttings bed height considering many factors such as geology, engineering, and fluid body according to the simulation results. The analysis of sensitive factors shows that the rate of penetrating, cuttings density, and drill pipe eccentricity is not conducive to borehole cleaning, and cuttings are easy to accumulate to form cuttings bed; increasing the drilling fluid density, displacement, and drill pipe speed is conducive to borehole cleaning and reducing the height of cuttings bed. The research shows that within the range of normal construction parameters, the error of the horizontal cuttings height prediction model is less than 10%, which can meet the needs of engineering analysis. The model provides convenience for engineering applications.
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Jun 2022 03:35:01 +000
  • Prediction of Surface Settlement Induced by Large-Diameter Shield
           Tunneling Based on Machine-Learning Algorithms

    • Abstract: The accurate prediction of surface settlement caused by large-diameter shield tunneling is crucial for the safety of the tunnel environment. However, due to the complexity and uncertainty of the rock-machine interaction and groundwater variation, it is difficult to predict the settlement by developing traditional theoretical methods. Recently, a big number of data obtained from the Chunfeng shield tunnel in China provides the possibility to predict the settlement using machine-learning methods. In this study, the equipment parameters, the geological parameters, and the monitored settlements are used to establish the models. Three machine-learning algorithms (i.e., long-short-term memory (LSTM), random forest (RF), and gated recurrent unit (GRU)) are used to predict the surface settlement. Three indicators, mean absolute error (MAE), accuracy (ACC), and coefficient of determination (), are selected to evaluate the prediction performance. Results demonstrated that the filtering and selection of model parameters is vitally important to the accuracy of model prediction. Among the three machine-learning algorithms, the LSTM algorithm gives the best accuracy in predicting the maximum surface settlement and can effectively predict the settlement development in different strata.
      PubDate: Wed, 22 Jun 2022 06:05:01 +000
  • An Investigation on Local Shearing Mechanisms of Irregular Dentate Rock
           Joints Using the PFC

    • Abstract: Joint surfaces are widely distributed in natural rock mass, and their shear mechanical properties play an important role in determining the safety and stability of rock mass. Previous studies rarely discussed the contribution degree of different joint protrusions to resisting shear stress. In this study, seven irregular dentate joint profiles were proposed to represent the geometric morphology of natural joints. Joint samples were subjected to direct shear tests under constant normal stress using the particle flow code (PFC). First, the reliability of the research scheme was verified by routine test results. Secondly, based on the microcrack tracking module and the force chain analysis, the local failure modes of the joint sample after and during the shearing process are discussed in detail. The relationship between the shear stress and the number of microcracks was studied. Finally, based on the measuring circle function, the variation law of the mean stress at different joint protrusions during the shearing process was tracked. The maximum stress of each protrusion before the shear stress peak was introduced to quantitatively describe the contribution of local protrusions to shear stress. There was an important link between the size of the protrusion and the stress it can withstand. During the shearing process, the local shearing mechanism of the joint surface is controlled by the distribution of joint protrusions. The research results of this paper can provide a good idea for the follow-up joint surface research.
      PubDate: Wed, 22 Jun 2022 04:50:00 +000
  • Experimental and Numerical Studies on Flowing Properties of Grouting
           Mortar Based on the Modified MPS Method

    • Abstract: Grouting mortar has widespread application in engineering because of the advantages of good durability, low cost, and environmental friendliness. To study the flowing properties of grouting mortar, laboratory minislump tests taking different rheological parameters of grouting mortar into consideration were conducted to obtain the flow time and flow pattern of grouting mortar. A modified MPS method (moving-particle semi-implicit method) introduced two sections of Bingham rheological, and segregation was proposed. The effects of the plastic viscosity on the flow state of mortar were studied, and the relationship between the plastic viscosity and the flowing time was established. The numerical results show that the modified MPS method can be used to predict the flow time and flow pattern of mortar in the template, and plastic viscosity has a great influence on the flow time of concrete, and with the increase of plastic viscosity, the time to flow to the specified area also increases. Moreover, the analysis of the rheological parameters can provide the basis for the design of mix ratio in the construction practice.
      PubDate: Wed, 22 Jun 2022 04:35:01 +000
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