Subjects -> EARTH SCIENCES (Total: 771 journals)
    - EARTH SCIENCES (527 journals)
    - GEOLOGY (94 journals)
    - GEOPHYSICS (33 journals)
    - HYDROLOGY (29 journals)
    - OCEANOGRAPHY (88 journals)

EARTH SCIENCES (527 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 371 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Earth and Space Chemistry     Free   (Followers: 6)
Acta Brasiliensis     Open Access  
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Geológica Lilloana     Open Access  
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Limnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances In Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Aquatic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
AGU Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Algological Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
All Earth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access  
Andean geology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Annals of GIS     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Annual Review of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Anthropocene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Anuário do Instituto de Geociências     Open Access  
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Computing and Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Applied Ocean Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Petrochemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Arctic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
arktos : The Journal of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Artificial Intelligence in Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Artificial Satellites     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Asian Journal of Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Asian Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Review of Environmental and Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atlantic Geology : Journal of the Atlantic Geoscience Society / Atlantic Geology : revue de la Société Géoscientifique de l'Atlantique     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Atmosphere-Ocean     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: An International Geoscience Journal of the Geological Society of Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AWWA Water Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bonorowo Wetlands     Open Access  
Boreas: An International Journal of Quaternary Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Brill Research Perspectives in Map History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bulletin of the Lebedev Physics Institute     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Bulletin of Volcanology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Carbonates and Evaporites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CATENA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Chemical Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Chinese Geographical Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Ciencia del suelo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Espaciales     Open Access  
Climate and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Coastal Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Cogent Geoscience     Open Access  
Communications Earth & Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Comptes Rendus : Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Continental Shelf Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Contributions to Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Coral Reefs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Cretaceous Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Depositional Record     Open Access  
Développement durable et territoires     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Diatom Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
E&S Engineering and Science     Open Access  
E3S Web of Conferences     Open Access  
Earth and Planetary Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Earth and Planetary Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 148)
Earth and Space Science     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Earth Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Earth Science Malaysia     Open Access  
Earth Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Earth Sciences Pakistan     Open Access  
Earth Sciences Research Journal     Open Access  
Earth Surface Dynamics (ESurf)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Earth Surface Dynamics Discussions (ESurfD)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Earth System Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Earth System Dynamics Discussions     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Earth Systems and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Earth's Future     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Earth, Planets and Space     Open Access   (Followers: 78)
Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Earthquake Research Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earthquake Spectra     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Ecohydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Ecological Questions     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Electromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Energy Efficiency     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Energy Exploration & Exploitation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Energy Geoscience     Open Access  
Environmental Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Environmental Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Environmental Geosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Environmental Processes : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Erwerbs-Obstbau     Hybrid Journal  
Estuaries and Coasts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Mineralogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
European Journal of Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Exploration Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Facies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
FIGEMPA : Investigación y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Física de la Tierra     Open Access  
Folia Musei rerum naturalium Bohemiae occidentalis. Geologica et Paleobiologica     Open Access  
Forestry Chronicle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Frontiers in Earth Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers in Soil Science     Open Access  
Frontiers of Earth Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Fundamental and Applied Limnology / Archiv für Hydrobiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
GEM - International Journal on Geomathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geo-Marine Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geoacta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
GeoArabia     Hybrid Journal  
Geobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geocarto International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Geochemical Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Geochemistry : Exploration, Environment, Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Geochronology (GChron)     Open Access  
Geochronometria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geoderma Regional : The International Journal for Regional Soil Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Geodynamics & Tectonophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geoenvironmental Disasters     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geofluids     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Geoforum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Geography and Natural Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
GeoHazards     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
GeoHealth     Open Access  
Geoheritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geoinformatics & Geostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Geologia USP : Série Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geological Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Geological Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Geology Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Geology, Geophysics and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geomagnetism and Aeronomy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Geomechanics and Geophysics for Geo-Energy and Geo-Resources     Hybrid Journal  
Geomechanics for Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription  
GEOmedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geomorphology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geophysical Journal International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Geophysical Prospecting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geoscience Canada : Journal of the Geological Association of Canada / Geoscience Canada : journal de l'Association Géologique du Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Geoscience Communication     Open Access  
Geoscience Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Geoscience Frontiers     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Geoscience Letters     Open Access  
Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geosciences Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems Discussions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geoscientific Model Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Geoscientific Model Development Discussions     Open Access  
Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Geosystems and Geoenvironment     Open Access  
Geotectonic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Geotectonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Glass Physics and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
Global and Planetary Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Global Biogeochemical Cycles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Gondwana Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
GPS Solutions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Grassland Science     Hybrid Journal  
Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Groundwater     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Groundwater for Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Helgoland Marine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
History of Geo- and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hydrobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Hydrogeology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)

        1 2 3 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
arktos : The Journal of Arctic Geosciences
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2364-9453 - ISSN (Online) 2364-9461
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Opening of the Fram Strait led to the establishment of a modern-like
           three-layer stratification in the Arctic Ocean during the Miocene

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      Abstract: Abstract The tectonic opening of the Fram Strait (FS) was critical to the water exchange between the Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic Ocean, and caused the transition from a restricted to a ventilated Arctic Ocean during early Miocene. If and how the water exchange between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic influenced the global current system is still disputed. We apply a fully coupled atmosphere–ocean–sea-ice model to investigate stratification and ocean circulation in the Arctic Ocean in response to the opening of the FS during early-to-middle Miocene. Progressive widening of the FS gateway in our simulation causes a moderate warming, while salinity conditions in the Nordic Seas remain similar. On the contrary, with increasing FS width, Arctic temperatures remain unchanged and salinity changes appear to steadily become stronger. For a sill depth of ~ 1500 m, we achieve ventilation of the Arctic Ocean due to enhanced import of saline Atlantic water through an FS width of ~ 105 km. Moreover, at this width and depth, we detect a modern-like three-layer stratification in the Arctic Ocean. The exchange flow through FS is characterized by vertical separation of a low-salinity cold outflow from the Arctic Ocean confined to a thin upper layer, an intermediate saline inflow from the Atlantic Ocean below, and a cold bottom Arctic outflow. Using a significantly shallower and narrower FS during the early Miocene, our study suggests that the ventilation mechanisms and stratification in the Arctic Ocean are comparable to the present-day characteristics.
      PubDate: 2021-01-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s41063-020-00079-8
       
  • Correction to: Ocean surface warming in Krossfjorden, Svalbard, during the
           last 60 years

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      Abstract: The original version of this article unfortunately contained mistakes. The first sentence of the section “SST reconstruction” should read
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41063-019-00073-9
       
  • Correction to: Lithostratigraphy of Devonian basinal mudrocks in frontier
           areas of northwestern Canada augmented with ED-XRF technique

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      Abstract: The original article can be found online.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41063-020-00076-x
       
  • Lithostratigraphy of Devonian basinal mudrocks in frontier areas of
           northwestern Canada augmented with ED-XRF technique

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      Abstract: Abstract Rock materials from three Arctic wells drilled through Middle-Upper Devonian basinal mudrocks between 1969 and 1973 were surveyed with the energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence tool (ED-XRF) Bruker Tracer IV-SD™. The logs of major oxides acquired from cuttings of two wells on Banks Island show that lithological signals can be seen through sample contamination, and therefore are capable of significantly increasing litho-chemostratigraphic resolution of old borehole logs. Survey of major and trace elements on a cored section through visually monotonous black shales of the Kugaluk N-02 well in northern mainland N.W.T. reveals new details, which allows for the correlation of this reference section with a better-studied succession in the central Northwest Territories, as well as the interpretation of anoxic horizons which correlate globally as the “Devonian anoxic events”. Despite shortcomings in accuracy, ED-XRF proves to be a rapid non-destructive technique to gain new information from old exploration wells in remote frontier areas.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41063-020-00074-z
       
  • Late Quaternary sedimentation dynamics in the Beenchime-Salaatinsky
           Crater, Northern Yakutia

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      Abstract: Abstract The Beenchime-Salaatinsky Crater (BSC) is located west of the Olenyok River in Northern Yakutia, ~ 260 km south-west of Tiksi and the Lena Delta. The age and origin (volcanic versus meteoritic) of this crater is poorly understood. The key scientific interest in re-visiting the BSC is the reappraisal of the Quaternary sedimentation dynamics for a better understanding of the sediment history and thickness in the basin. This aides for an assessment, if the site is prospective for a deeper drilling of a Quaternary (or Cenozoic) sediment archive. Soil pits and auger cores from slopes and lowland terrain in the basin were sampled and studied to infer sediment ages and transport dynamics. This also included a thermokarst lake placed in the centre of the basin. Studied properties include grain-size distribution, organic carbon and nitrogen contents (TOC and TN), heavy mineral compositions, δ13C of organic carbon, 14C ages from sediment, δ18O and δD from ground ice and waters, and lake bathymetry from GPR profiling, in addition. We conclude that the crater floor in the BSC is underlain by fluvial/alluvial sediments from the MIS 3 period. Thermokarst lake formation took place during the Holocene Thermal Maximum between 7600 and 6100 cal yr BP. The lake has been shrinking hereafter. Fluvial/alluvial sedimentation along the drainage pattern was active again between 5700 to 1500 cal yr BP, and it was flanked by the accumulation of peaty and organic-rich sediments and the formation of ice-wedge polygons.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41063-020-00077-w
       
  • Sylfjellet: a new outcrop of the Paleogene Van Mijenfjorden Group in
           Svalbard

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      Abstract: Abstract A hitherto unrecognized Paleogene outcrop has been discovered at Sylfjellet, a mountain located at the northern side of Isfjorden, Svalbard. The strata, which cover an area of 0.8 km2, have until now been assigned to the Lower Cretaceous succession of the Adventdalen Group. In this study, the Sylfjellet site was studied in detail to provide an updated structural and sedimentological description of strata and lithostratigraphy. The age and burial history of the investigated succession were constrained by absolute (U/PB) and relative dating methods in addition to vitrinite reflectance analyses of coal seams. The results show a Paleogene age of the deposits, which is supported by the occurrence of an angiosperm pollen grain, plant macrofossils, and a tephra layer of early Selandian age (61.53 Ma). The 250 m-thick succession of Sylfjellet is assigned to the Firkanten, Basilika and Grumantbyen formations. This succession unconformably overlies the Lower Cretaceous Helvetiafjellet Formation. Sylfjellet is incorporated into the West Spitsbergen Fold-and-Thrust Belt and interpreted to be a fourth structural outlier of the Van Mijenfjorden Group. Vitrinite reflectance data indicate that at least 2000 m overburden has been eroded above the Sylfjellet coal seams, and that maximum burial of the strata predates folding and thrusting in the area.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41063-019-00072-w
       
  • Holocene variability in sea ice and primary productivity in the
           northeastern Baffin Bay

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      Abstract: Abstract Arctic sea ice is a critical component of the climate system, known to influence ocean circulation, earth’s albedo, and ocean–atmosphere heat and gas exchange. Current developments in the use of IP25 (a sea ice proxy with 25 carbon atoms only synthesized by Arctic sea ice diatoms) have proven it to be a suitable proxy for paleo-sea ice reconstructions over hundreds of thousands to even millions of years. In the NE Baffin Bay, off NW Greenland, Melville Bugt is a climate-sensitive region characterized by strong seasonal sea ice variability and strong melt-water discharge from the Greenland Ice Sheet (GIS). Here, we present a centennial-scale resolution Holocene sea ice record, based on IP25 and open-water phytoplankton biomarkers (brassicasterol, dinosterol and HBI III) using core GeoB19927-3 (73° 35.26′ N, 58° 05.66′ W). Seasonal to ice-edge conditions near the core site are documented for most of the Holocene period with some significant variability. In the lower-most part, a cold interval characterized by extensive sea ice cover and very low local productivity is succeeded by an interval (~ 9.4–8.5 ka BP) with reduced sea ice cover, enhanced GIS spring melting, and strong influence of the West Greenland Current (WGC). From ~ 8.5 until ~ 7.8 ka BP, a cooling event is recorded by ice algae and phytoplankton biomarkers. They indicate an extended sea ice cover, possibly related to the opening of Nares Strait, which may have led to an increased influx of Polar Water into NE-Baffin Bay. The interval between ~ 7.8 and ~ 3.0 ka BP is characterized by generally reduced sea ice cover with millennial-scale variability of the (late winter/early spring) ice-edge limit, increased open-water conditions (polynya type), and a dominant WGC carrying warm waters at least as far as the Melville Bugt area. During the last ~ 3.0 ka BP, our biomarker records do not reflect the late Holocene ‘Neoglacial cooling’ observed elsewhere in the Northern Hemisphere, possibly due to the persistent influence of the WGC and interactions with the adjacent fjords. Peaks in HBI III at about ~ 2.1 and ~ 1.3 ka BP, interpreted as persistent ice-edge situations, might correlate with the Roman Warm Period (RWP) and Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA), respectively, in-phase with the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) mode. When integrated with marine and terrestrial records from other circum-Baffin Bay areas (Disko Bay, the Canadian Arctic, the Labrador Sea), the Melville Bugt biomarker records point to close ties with high Arctic and Northern Hemispheric climate conditions, driven by solar and oceanic circulation forcings.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41063-020-00075-y
       
  • Zircon geochronology and geochemistry of the Ward Hunt pluton, Pearya
           terrane, Canadian High Arctic: Insights into its age, origin, and
           circum-Arctic Timanide connections

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      Abstract: Abstract The northern margin of the Neoproterozoic Timanide Orogen is truncated by Paleozoic deformation of the Caledonian Orogen. Evidence for dispersion of terranes affected by the Timanide Orogen is documented through contemporaneous tectonothermal activity, and by detrital zircon in sedimentary rock from across the Arctic Ocean margins. However, directly tying these terranes to the Caledonide realm is hindered by the paucity of appropriate events in proximal terranes. The Ward Hunt Pluton, a previously undated syenite–monzodiorite intrusion located on Ward Hunt Island, northern Pearya terrane, yields a crystallization age of 542 ± 2 Ma. Trace-element data from the igneous zircon suggest that the pluton intruded older metasedimentary rocks of the terrane as part of a volcanic arc system, indicated by juvenile Hf isotopic signatures and trace-element data. The data support links between the Pearya terrane and other Neoproterozoic–Cambrian arc systems, such as those proposed in Arctic Alaska-Chukota and the Alexander terrane.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41063-020-00078-9
       
  • Ocean surface warming in Krossfjorden, Svalbard, during the last
           60 years

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      Abstract: Abstract A high-resolution marine sediment core NP16-Kro1-MCB from Krossfjorden, Western Svalbard is studied to investigate changes in sea surface conditions in the fjord during the last 60 years (1953–2014). The diatom-based reconstruction of August sea surface temperature (aSST) demonstrates a clear warming trend of 0.6 °C through the record. As inferred from Marginal Ice Zone (MIZ) diatoms, surface warming occurs in parallel with a decline in sea ice extent (SIE) during recent decades. Factor analysis identified variations in diatom assemblages representing different water masses, showing a dominance of Arctic water diatoms throughout the period and decadal variations in the sea ice assemblage during periods of peak sea ice extent. The strong dominance of Arctic water diatoms along with increasing aSST suggest prolonged open-water conditions and increased sea ice melting in the region throughout the observed period. The reconstructed ocean surface changes are in line with the background warming occurring over the Arctic region. A comparison with instrumental records from neighboring regions supports the quality of the reconstructions, including the average reconstructed aSST and the magnitude of the warming trend. We suggest that increased CO2 forcing together with ocean–atmospheric interaction have caused the increasing SST trend and decreasing sea ice presence in Krossfjorden rather than an increasing influence from Atlantic Water, which has amplified changes in many regions of Svalbard.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41063-019-00071-x
       
  • Diversity of igneous rocks from the Isachsen Dome, Ellef Ringnes Island,
           Canadian High Arctic

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      Abstract: Abstract The sedimentary deposits of the central Sverdrup Basin on Ellef Ringnes Island were affected by both salt diapirism and igneous activity of the Cretaceous High Arctic Large Igneous Province (HALIP). Occurrences of mafic igneous rocks on the centre of salt domes are usually assigned to the Cretaceous magmatism. Petrographic, geochemical, Sr–Nd isotope, and geochronological (Ar–Ar dating) studies on six rock fragments collected on the top of Isachsen Dome reveal a larger variability in the composition and the age compared to HALIP-related rocks from elsewhere on Ellef Ringnes Island. A blocky fragment of tholeiitic hornblende dolerite with an Ar–Ar age of 121 Ma is interpreted to originate from an in-situ intrusion and was uplifted by evaporite diapirism. The other samples are small, sub-rounded pebbles, which represent three different parent rock types. A kaersutite-bearing alkali basalt was possibly formed during the Triassic or Permian. A leucocratic, albitised rock fragment has experienced contact metasomatism at 102 Ma, and three very similar tholeiitic basalt fragments probably derived from the margin of a dyke were auto-hydrothermally affected at 69 Ma. The inferred source area of these exotic pebbles is the segment of the Arctic continental margin in the northeast that was repeatedly affected by igneous events between the Carboniferous and latest Cretaceous and that was uplifted and eroded during the Eocene. The rock fragments were probably deposited as Palaeogene sediments above the rising Isachsen diapir shortly before or as the head of the salt dome has pierced the Earth’s surface. Glacial transport up the top of Isachsen Dome during the Late Wisconsinan glaciation is not very likely due to the contrast between the north to northwest directed ice-flow direction reported in the literature and the assumed northeastern source area of the pebbles; however, it cannot be completely excluded.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41063-019-00068-6
       
  • Evolution of contourite drifts in regions of slope failures at eastern
           Fram Strait

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      Abstract: Abstract Geotechnical characteristics of contouritic deposition often lead to preconditioning slope instabilities and failures along glaciated and formerly glaciated continental margins. However, internal depositional geometry is also an important factor in triggering instabilities. This work highlights the importance of the tectonic and oceanographic evolution of the Northwestern (NW) Svalbard margin in determining the buildup and the internal structure of contourite drifts and the subsequent type of slope instability. The analysis of seismic reflection data reveals that the presence of two contourite drifts on the flank of an active spreading ridge in the Fram Strait—NW Svalbard margin—in an area of extensive slope instability had a major impact on the evolution of slope failure. The presence of a slope sheeted drift (or plastered drift) led to the development of rotational/translational mass movement at water depth < 2500 ms, whereas at water depth > 2500 ms the presence of sediment waves facilitated the formation of planes of shear that led to internal deformation of the lower slope through a process of slump/creep. The well-documented high seismicity of the area might have provided the necessary energy to trigger the slope instability.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41063-019-00070-y
       
  • Sedimentary processes and seabed morphology of the Southwest Greenland
           margin

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      Abstract: Abstract Bathymetric and seismic data from the Southwest Greenland margin have been used to provide an integrated shelf-to-basin overview of the margin architecture between 57° N and 64° N. A variety of glacially formed morphologic features, contour current-related erosion and sedimentary deposits, and evidence of downslope sediment transport via canyons, channels and gullies is found here. The study area is characterized by two major canyons bordering Fylla Bank in the northern part and a narrow shelf and steep slope to the south, where erosion due to strong boundary currents occur down to c. 3000 m water depth. The narrow shelf area appears to be an intra-ice stream area, and numerous channels and gullies on the upper slope point to hyperpycnal melt water release from a stable or retreating wide ice front. Further southward, the shelf is widening and the morphology indicates dominance of former ice stream activity. This difference in glaciation style may reflect the different bedrock types. Sedimentary and morphologic characteristics of the Fylla Bank canyons and some of the slope gullies and channels point to actual cascading of dense winter water or hyperpycnal melt water flow from the shelf. Deep-water channels at the base of the slope evidence transport of Greenland-derived sediment to the central Labrador Sea basin and buried channels further west indicate a former contribution to the Northwest Atlantic Mid-Ocean Channel (NAMOC) system. However, in contrast to widespread turbidite channels on the present seabed bordering NAMOC to the west, east of NAMOC contourite deposits have largely covered the deep-water tributary turbidite channels originating from the Greenland margin.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41063-019-00069-5
       
  • Sediment geochemical study of hydrocarbon seeps in Isfjorden and
           

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      Abstract: Abstract Methane is the most widespread volatile hydrocarbon and one of the most potent greenhouse gases. Marine sediments form the largest methane reservoir, from where large quantities of methane from gas-saturated sediments are released into the sea water and into the shallow shelf seas, through the water column almost unaltered into the atmosphere. Craters on the sea floor known as pockmarks are often related to seepage of methane-rich fluids originating either from shallow (microbial) or deep (thermogenic) sources. This paper presents the geochemical characteristics of migrating hydrocarbon gas from selected pockmarks and surrounding seabed in Isfjorden and Mohnbukta in western and eastern Spitsbergen, respectively. Collected gas samples, including wet gas fraction, were analyzed for methane concentration and methane carbon stable isotope ratio. Mixtures of microbial and thermogenic methane, together with higher homologies were found in the pockmarks as well as in the adjacent undisturbed seafloor, suggesting that the seepage activity in both areas is currently on the same level. Although the methane concentration profiles and methane stable carbon isotope ratios in Isfjorden and Mohnbukta show signs of biological oxidation and elevated concentrations of ethane/propane indicate input from deeper thermogenic sources. The gas composition and methane carbon stable isotope ratio from Isfjorden and Mohnbukta areas show similar trends, most likely due to originating in the same Mesozoic organic-rich marine mudstone.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41063-019-00067-7
       
  • Geomorphology and development of a high-latitude channel system: the INBIS
           channel case (NW Barents Sea, Arctic)

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      Abstract: Abstract The INBIS (Interfan Bear Island and Storfjorden) channel system is a rare example of a deep-sea channel on a glaciated margin. The system is located between two trough mouth fans (TMFs) on the continental slope of the NW Barents Sea: the Bear Island and the Storfjorden–Kveithola TMFs. New bathymetric data in the upper part of this channel system show a series of gullies that incise the shelf break and minor tributary channels on the upper part of the continental slope. These gullies and channels appear far more developed than those on the rest of the NW Barents Sea margin, increasing in size downslope and eventually merging into the INBIS channel. Morphological evidence suggests that the Northern part of the INBIS channel system preserved its original morphology over the last glacial maximum (LGM), whereas the Southern part experienced the emplacement of mass transport glacigenic debris that obliterated the original morphology. Radiometric analyses were applied on two sediment cores to estimate the recent (~ 110 years) sedimentation rates. Furthermore, analysis of grain size characteristics and sediment composition of two cores shows evidence of turbidity currents. We associate these turbidity currents with density-driven plumes, linked to the release of meltwater at the ice-sheet grounding line, cascading down the slope. This type of density current would contribute to the erosion and/ or preservation of the gullies’ morphologies during the present interglacial. We infer that Bear Island and the shallow morphology around it prevented the flow of ice streams to the shelf edge in this area, working as a pin (fastener) for the surrounding ice and allowing for the development of the INBIS channel system on the inter-ice stream part of the slope. The INBIS channel system was protected from the burial by high rates of ice-stream derived sedimentation and only partially affected by the local emplacement of glacial debris, which instead dominated on the neighbouring TMF systems.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41063-019-00065-9
       
  • Middle Miocene magmatic activity in the Sophia Basin, Arctic
           Ocean—evidence from dredged basalt at the flanks of Mosby Seamount

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      Abstract: Abstract The area to the northwest of Svalbard was repeatedly affected by tectono-magmatic events during the opening of the Arctic Ocean including the formation of the Cretaceous High Arctic Large Igneous Province, the Late Cretaceous/early Cenozoic birth of the Eurasian Basin, and the establishment of a full seafloor-spreading regime along the Lena Trough/Fram Strait in the middle Miocene. These processes also affected the Sophia Basin located between the Yermak Plateau and the northern Svalbard Shelf. In 2013 a piece of basalt was dredged from the southern flank of the Mosby Seamount, the central landmark within the Sophia Basin. According to Ar–Ar dating on fresh plagioclase the basalt erupted at ~ 13 Ma, contemporaneous with incipient seafloor spreading in the nearby Lena Trough and volcanic activity on northern Svalbard. If the dredged basalt is temporally related to sediment-covered lava flows and sill intrusions around Mosby Seamount, which were revealed by seismic reflections, then the age of the sedimentary cover must be middle Miocene or younger. This finding will improve the regional seismo-stratigraphy.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41063-019-00066-8
       
  • Inheritance and style of rifting: incremental structural restoration of
           the Laptev Sea Rift System, north-eastern Russian Arctic

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      Abstract: Abstract The Laptev Sea Rift System, on the north-eastern continental margin of the Russian Arctic, is a key area to understand the opening of the Eurasia Basin. The rifts developed since Cretaceous/Early Cenozoic times and consists of five, roughly north–south trending depocentres, controlled by major listric normal faults. Three cross-sections from the rift system were incrementally restored to quantify the amount of extension over time and to reconstruct the geological evolution. We show that since the beginning of rifting, fault activity in the Anisin Basin was unevenly distributed between two symmetrical graben systems. The central Ust’ Lena Rift has a completely different structure: regularly spaced west-dipping faults are interrupted by minor east-dipping faults in only three places. Fault dip decreases from west to east, from 60° to 30°, respectively.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41063-019-00064-w
       
  • Late Weichselian glacial history of Forlandsundet, western Svalbard: an
           inter-ice-stream setting

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      Abstract: Abstract The last glacial maximum (LGM) and post-glacial Quaternary history of Forlandsundet, the strait between western Spitsbergen and Prins Karls Forland, are enigmatic. Previous terrestrial field studies report contradicting evidence for an ice sheet either overriding the entire strait or completely absent during the LGM. Here, we present a multi-proxy investigation of marine sediments, high-resolution bathymetric data and aerial imagery from Forlandsundet. We reveal glacial till present at 15 cal. ka BP and geomorphological landforms characteristic to an inter-ice-stream glaciated margin. This new evidence implies that the Forlandsundet region was fully glaciated during the LGM. This glaciation was followed by a stepwise retreat of glacial ice during the Bølling–Allerød (14.7–12.7 cal. ka BP) and Younger Dryas (12.7–11.7 cal. ka BP). The Holocene record from the marine sediments is incomplete, with a hiatus from approximately 11.8 to 7.4 cal. ka BP, interpreted as an erosive event. By the mid-Holocene (7.4 cal. ka BP), more temperate, Atlantic conditions based on the benthic foraminiferal assemblages prevailed, and are followed by gradual cooling into the late Holocene (< 4 cal. ka BP). This study provides new data to resolve the LGM extent of the Svalbard–Barents Sea ice sheet in the Forlandsundet region and sheds light on the deglacial ice dynamics in a palaeo-inter-ice-stream area driven by the inflow of warm Atlantic water.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41063-018-0063-x
       
  • Arctic environmental change beyond instrumental records: introduction and
           overview

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      PubDate: 2018-09-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s41063-018-0061-z
       
  • Correction to: Sedimentary and geochemical characteristics of two small
           permafrost-dominated Arctic river deltas in northern Alaska

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      Abstract: The original article can be found online.
      PubDate: 2018-09-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s41063-018-0060-0
       
  • Correction to: U–Pb geochronology of Paleoproterozoic gneiss from
           southeastern Ellesmere Island: implications for displacement estimates on
           the Wegener fault

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      Abstract: In the original version of this article unfortunately in Fig. 4 parts were missing due to typesetting errors.
      PubDate: 2018-06-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s41063-018-0050-2
       
 
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