Subjects -> EARTH SCIENCES (Total: 771 journals)
    - EARTH SCIENCES (527 journals)
    - GEOLOGY (94 journals)
    - GEOPHYSICS (33 journals)
    - HYDROLOGY (29 journals)
    - OCEANOGRAPHY (88 journals)

EARTH SCIENCES (527 journals)            First | 1 2 3     

Showing 401 - 371 of 371 Journals sorted alphabetically
Physical Science International Journal     Open Access  
Physics in Medicine & Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Physics of Life Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Physics of Metals and Metallography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Physics of Plasmas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Physics of the Solid State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Physics of Wave Phenomena     Hybrid Journal  
Physics World     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Physik in unserer Zeit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Pirineos     Open Access  
Planet     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Plasma Physics Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Polar Record     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Positioning     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Pramana     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Precambrian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Preview     Hybrid Journal  
Proceedings of the Geologists' Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Progress in Earth and Planetary Science     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Pure and Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Quaternary     Open Access  
Quaternary Australasia     Full-text available via subscription  
Quaternary Geochronology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Quaternary International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Quaternary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Quaternary Science Advances     Open Access  
Quaternary Science Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Radiocarbon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
Remote Sensing Applications : Society and Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Remote Sensing in Earth Systems Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Remote Sensing Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Remote Sensing Science     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Rendiconti Lincei     Hybrid Journal  
Reports on Geodesy and Geoinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Reports on Mathematical Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Space Science & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Resource Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Resources, Environment and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Results in Geochemistry     Open Access  
Results in Geophysical Sciences     Open Access  
Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Reviews of Modern Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Revista Cerrados     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Exatas Aplicadas e Tecnológicas da Universidade de Passo Fundo : CIATEC-UPF     Open Access  
Revista de Ingenieria Sismica     Open Access  
Revista de Investigaciones en Energía, Medio Ambiente y Tecnología     Open Access  
Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales     Open Access  
Revista de Teledetección     Open Access  
Revista Geológica de Chile     Open Access  
Revue Française de Géotechnique     Hybrid Journal  
Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Rocks & Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Russian Geology and Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Russian Journal of Mathematical Physics     Full-text available via subscription  
Russian Journal of Pacific Geology     Hybrid Journal  
Russian Physics Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Science China Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Science News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Science of Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Scientific Annals of Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava. Geography Series     Open Access  
Scientific Journal of Earth Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scientific Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 85)
Sedimentary Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Sedimentology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Seismic Instruments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Seismological Research Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Soil Security     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Solid Earth     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Solid Earth Discussions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Solid Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
South African Journal of Geomatics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Standort - Zeitschrift für angewandte Geographie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Studia Geotechnica et Mechanica     Open Access  
Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai, Geologia     Open Access  
Survey Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Surveys in Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Swiss Journal of Palaeontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Tectonics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Tectonophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Tellus A     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Tellus B     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Terra Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Terra Nova     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
The Compass : Earth Science Journal of Sigma Gamma Epsilon     Open Access  
The Holocene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
The Leading Edge     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Infrastructure Geotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences     Open Access  
UD y la Geomática     Open Access  
Unconventional Resources     Open Access  
Underwater Technology: The International Journal of the Society for Underwater     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Universal Journal of Geoscience     Open Access  
Unoesc & Ciência - ACET     Open Access  
Vadose Zone Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Volcanica     Open Access  
Water     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Water International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Water Resources Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 94)
Watershed Ecology and the Environment     Open Access  
Weather, Climate, and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews - Climate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
World Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Yearbook of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Yugra State University Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Zitteliana     Open Access  
Землеустрій, кадастр і моніторинг земель     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

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Yugra State University Bulletin
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1816-9228 - ISSN (Online) 2078-9114
Published by Eco-Vector LLC Homepage  [15 journals]
  • Mechatronic control system for high-temperature synthesis of materials
           based on intelligent measuring modules

    • Authors: Alexey V. Dolmatov
      Pages: 11 - 21
      Abstract: The subject of researcs: The article is devoted to the measuring complex for the experimental study of the SHS phenomenon. The purpose of the development was to simultaneously observe microheterogeneous processes and macrokinetics of high-temperature synthesis. Methods and objects of research: Embedded computing platforms with support for artificial intelligence tools are used to organize high-speed multi-zone registration of thermal imaging and spectral data. Results of research: Within the framework of the complex, a group of intelligent modules with autonomous data analysis in real time has been developed. The pyrometric module of the complex reveals structural phase transitions in the process of high-temperature synthesis of materials and measures characteristic temperatures. The thermal imaging module determines the position of the SHS wave front and plots the material and temperature phase distributions on the sample surface. The mechatronic module predicts the location of a new observation area, based on the measured parameters of the SHS process, and moves the optical control means there when the combustion wave leaves the current registration area. The interaction of intelligent modules of the mechatronic system is implemented through messages in a wireless network, and their synchronization via the NTP protocol has an error of about 40 μs.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.18822/byusu20220211-21
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The production of corrosion alloy by self-propagating high-temperature
           synthesis

    • Authors: Maria Yu. Kozhanova, Marina P. Boronenko, Vladimir I. Zelensky
      Pages: 22 - 29
      Abstract: The subject of research: Self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) is an energetically low-cost method for obtaining materials with desired properties. The purpose of research: Development and approbation of the method of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis. Methods and objects of research: For the synthesis of a corrosion-resistant material, a thermite mixture of Al (75 %) and Fe2O3 (25 %) and the addition of MoO3 with a variable mass fraction of 10 %, 15 %, 20 %, 25 % of thermite were taken. The composition and structure of the synthesized material were determined by XRD and metallography methods. Based on the properties of the physical properties of the obtained material (porosity, electrical conductivity) and its phase composition (MoO2, Al2O3, FeMoO4), samples obtained with a 15 % addition of MoO3 were selected for testing for corrosion resistance. Results of research: The paper presents the results of approbation of obtaining a corrosion-resistant material by the SHS method. Conducted tests for corrosion resistance established: the rate of continuous corrosion of the synthesized material (MoO3 15 %) was 0.2 mm / year, which is close in value to corrosion-resistant steels; high resistance of the synthesized material to technical salt when tested for 14 days with a concentrated solution of the reagent 0.18 ml * eq / l. The listed properties of the synthesized material confirm the possibility of obtaining corrosion-resistant materials by the SHS method, including those for operation in the Arctic.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.18822/byusu20220222-29
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The relationship of dispersion and properties of powder materials on the
           example of titanium oxide bronze

    • Authors: Svetlana S. Pavlova
      Pages: 30 - 35
      Abstract: The subject of this work is oxide potassium-titanium bronzes. The purpose of the work: to establish the relationship between the dispersion of samples of oxide potassium-titanium bronze and its physicochemical properties. Synthesis methods: self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS), mechanosynthesis. Research methods used in the work: X-ray phase analysis (XRF), optical method for determining particle size, four-probe method for determining electrical conductivity, thermal analysis, method for determining chemical resistance. Results of the study: particle sizes were determined, which are 400, 200 and 40 nm. The work is devoted to the study of the influence of fineness on the structure and physicochemical properties of compounds of variable composition on the example of titanium oxide bronzes. A nanocrystalline sample of oxide potassium-titanium bronze was obtained by mechanosynthesis, coarse powders were obtained by SHS. The obtained samples were identified by X-ray phase analysis. The optical method of analysis determined the particle sizes, which are 400, 200 and 40 nm. It has been established that nanocrystalline samples of oxide potassium-titanium bronze are less resistant to aggressive media. Reducing the particle size does not affect the thermal stability. In the transition to nanoscale, the specific electrical conductivity increases by 1.5 times and amounts to 0,076 Ohm-1•cm-1. The volume density of defects in the nanocrystalline structure of oxide potassium-titanium bronze is calculated, which is 1013 cm-2.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.18822/byusu20220230-35
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Structural and morphological properties of contacts to a (111) orientation
           monosilicon substrate based on aluminum with a Ti and w – 10 % Ti
           barrier layer

    • Authors: Yuri P. Snitovsky
      Pages: 36 - 57
      Abstract: The paper presents the results of studies on the formation of ohmic contacts to monosilicon from aluminum in the presence of a thin-film barrier layer based on titanium and tungsten. The purpose of reseach: to study the mechanism of solid-phase interaction in Al/Ti/Si and Al/Ti/SiOx/Si systems during the formation of contacts to (111) orientation silicon based on aluminum with a Ti and W – 10% Ti barrier layer, their structural and morphological properties and ways to manage this mechanism. The study revealed relationships between the structure and properties of the films, which can lead to marriage or a decrease in the service characteristics of the IC due to a violation of the structure of the film composition. Methods and objects of research: It is shown that the difference in the behavior of thick and thin oxides is consistent with the thermodynamic data for bulk materials. In this case, the formation and final electrical properties of the silicide–silicon interface region depend on the presence of unavoidable impurities present during the deposition of the reacting metal. As a result of electron microscopic studies of the Al/W–Ti/Si system, it was found that the tungsten–10 % (wt.) titanium barrier layer is reliably thermally stable up to a temperature of 773 K, regardless of the layer thickness (0.05–0.12 μm).
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.18822/byusu20220236-57
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Mathematical modeling of electric power processes in integrated test
           benches with dc machines operating on the principle of mutual load

    • Authors: Denis I. Popov
      Pages: 61 - 67
      Abstract: The subject of the study is electric power processes in integrated test benches with DC machines and induction machines operating on the principle of mutual loading. The purpose of the study is to obtain a mathematical model that allows us to study the operation of DC machines under specified conditions. Methods of mathematical modeling, well-known mathematical models of elements of two-link frequency converters, numerical methods for solving differential equations systems using the Runge-Kutta method of the fourth order of accuracy implemented in the Mathcad computer algebra system are used for the study. Mathematical modeling takes into account the nonlinearity of the magnetization curve of the magnetic circuits of electric machines and the pulsations of constant voltage supplied to their windings caused by the operation of converters. As a result of the study, mathematical models of electric power processes in test benches were obtained, which allow calculating currents in all branches of the considered electrical circuits, electromagnetic moments and the rotation frequency of the common shaft. The developed mathematical models can be applied in the design of integrated stands for testing DC machines and asynchronous machines by the method of mutual loading.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.18822/byusu20220261-67
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of non-sinusoidal operating modes of electrical equipment in
           electrical supply system with 6-pulse transducer

    • Authors: Alexander O. Shepelev, Elena Yu. Shepeleva
      Pages: 68 - 78
      Abstract: The subject ofresearch: In the article was made the analysis of non-sinusoidal operating modes of electrical equipment in a power supply system with 6-pulse transducer. Methods and objects of research: The analysis was based on 3 experiments. In the first case, the system of power supply without devices of compensation of currents of higher harmonics was considered. In the second case, the system was simulated with static capacitor banks. In the third case, a power supply system with a tuned filter to the 5th harmonic was considered. Results of research: Based on the conducted experiments, results were obtained showing that in the presence of higher harmonics in the network and when static capacitor banks are installed, resonance is observed at the 5th harmonic. When installing a tuned filter, the voltage in the network is normalized and is at the required level in accordance with GOST 32144-2013.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.18822/byusu20220268-78
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of the influence of frequency characteristics in the optimum
           complete technical means of protection

    • Authors: Svetlana E. Krivobokova
      Pages: 81 - 88
      Abstract: The purpose of the study is to identify the influence of frequency characteristics in the formation of an optimal set of security devices. Object of research: frequency characteristics of the use of technical security equipment at the regional level. Methods: Harrington's algorithm for converting desirability values into a generalized indicator, a special directed enumeration of demand vectors, selection of a set of Pareto optimal alternatives, pairwise comparison of estimated relations. Research results: 1. Demonstrated the possibility of improving the frequency characteristics, leading to a reduction in price while maintaining a high (sufficient) level of desirability. 2. A graphical instrument cluster selection tool for the decision maker is introduced.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.18822/byusu20220281-88
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Construction of a piece-linear autoregression model of an arbitrary order

    • Authors: Sergey I. Noskov
      Pages: 89 - 94
      Abstract: The relevance of the study is due to the need to expand the arsenal of forms of communication between variables in regression models. Object: piecewise linear autoregressive model of arbitrary order. Subject: computing apparatus for solving problems of linear-Boolean programming. Purpose: development of an algorithm for estimating the parameters of piecewise linear regression. Methods: regression analysis, mathematical programming. Results: the paper formulated the problem of constructing a piecewise linear autoregressive model of an arbitrary order based on the method of least modules. An algorithm for solving it is proposed, which reduces to a linear Boolean programming problem of acceptable dimension for real applied problems. A piecewise linear autoregressive model of housing provision based on the statistical information of the Irkutsk region has been developed, which has a high adequacy. The model can be successfully used in solving various predictive problems. Keywords: regression model, autoregression, least modules method, linear Boolean programming problem, housing supply.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.18822/byusu20220289-94
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Probabilistic approaches development for optimizing learning parameters
           procedure for testing models via the expectation-maximization method

    • Authors: Pavel V. Polukhin
      Pages: 95 - 103
      Abstract: The development and improvement of training algorithms is of special scientific and practical interest in the field of application testing. In the context of expanding the field of application of probabilistic models of Bayesian networks for solving testing problems, there is a need for stochastic assessment of hidden parameters, as well as the formation of a complete joint distribution across all variables. The growth of the dimension of probabilistic models for solving various scientific and applied problems requires the development of optimal procedures for training parameters in accordance with existing algorithms, as well as the development of new solutions. The subject of the study is testing models used to represent probabilistic relationships between individual test modules, which allow timely configuration and use of test generation to detect certain groups of program errors. The aim of the study is to develop effective stochastic algorithms for training parameters of test models, which allow you to obtain more accurate values ​ ​ of a priori distribution of parameters. The study proposes methods and algorithms for training parameters of testing models based on a stochastic gradient in combination with the Monte Carlo method using Markov chains to form a preliminary distribution over all hidden variables in accordance with the available set of training data. The results of the study showed the viability of theoretical assumptions and made it possible to implement the optimal algorithm for solving the problem of training probabilistic models of testing web applications. The proposed methods and algorithms are constructive and make it possible to increase the accuracy of training parameters of test models in the presence of hidden variables.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.18822/byusu20220295-103
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Solution to the problem of thermal conductivity in a two-dimensional
           formulation on a graphics processing unit using parallel computing

    • Authors: Pavel A. Sechenov
      Pages: 104 - 112
      Abstract: Subject: technology and algorithms of parallel programming. Objective: to compare the execution speed of a sequential algorithm on a central processor with a parallel algorithm on a graphics processor when solving a two-dimensional thermal conductivity problem. Methods: the Crank – Nicholson method modified by the author for solving the problem of two-dimensional thermal conductivity on a graphics processor. Research results: 1. The solution of the two-dimensional thermal conductivity problem according to the Crank – Nicholson scheme is not absolutely parallel and the maximum possible acceleration is not achieved 2. With a matrix dimension of 16 by 16 and single precision, the execution time on the GPU turned out to be 1.32 – 1.72 times faster than on the CPU. With a 32 by 32 matrix dimension, the execution time on the GPU turned out to be 3.66 – 6.07 times faster than on the CPU. 3. When calculating with double precision, the greatest acceleration is observed at 71.89 with 10 iterations of calculation, if there are more than 104 iterations, then the acceleration in calculations on a GPU with double precision approaches calculations with single precision.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.18822/byusu202202104-112
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Unified method of modeling and optimization of guarding activities

    • Authors: Oleg V. Pyankov, Dmitry O. Smyshnikov
      Pages: 113 - 124
      Abstract: The preservation of material values carried out by security organizations requires scientific research and justification of the decisions taken. From the analysis of scientific research, it is concluded that currently approaches to modeling and optimizing individual processes of security activities are diverse and use different sets of indicators to assess their effectiveness. The subject of the research covered in the article is the method of modeling guarding activities. The purpose of the work is to develop a unified modeling method, the fundamental result of which is to ensure the functioning of the security organization as a whole. The research uses methods of studying, comparing and analyzing existing approaches to modeling security activities, generalizing and formalizing the results of previous studies. In the work, the decomposition of security activities into processes is carried out, the stages of providing security services are highlighted, their content and meaning are shown. It is proposed to introduce a target function of security activities that takes into account the risks of individual processes. Examples of the formalization of the objective function for the processes of monitoring and responding to signal information are given, allowing the formulation of optimization tasks. Conclusions are drawn about the universality and necessity of applying the proposed modeling method and criteria for optimizing the functioning of security organizations. The results of the study are a unified method of modeling security activities and formalization of the tasks of optimizing the risk of individual processes of security activities.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.18822/byusu202202113-124
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The concept of creating cross-industry benchmarking platforms

    • Authors: Emilia V. Pluchevskaya, Elena V. Shereshovets, Olesya I. Aladko
      Pages: 127 - 133
      Abstract: The subject of research: The article is devoted to the actual problem of benchmarking in the housing and communal services sector. The purpose of the article is to present the results of the implementation of the concept of an intersectoral benchmarking site with a single coordinating center based on the resource-providing enterprise ME "Vodokanal" of the city of Khanty-Mansiysk. The methodological basis for the development of the concept is the analysis of the principles of scientific management proposed by U.F. Taylor, the principles of socialist exchange of experience, the research of Bernardo de Souza, the practices of the Toyota company, the best practices of Russian enterprises in the housing and communal services sector, presented at the sites of the Federal Competence Center. Results of research: The authors have developed a format for a benchmarking site, substantiate the results of such a site, the economic effects of the exchange of experience in the proposed format. As a result of the activities of such sites, it is possible to achieve a synergistic effect that significantly accelerates the pace of development of the housing and communal services industry.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.18822/byusu202202127-133
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Features of the development of the mining industrial complex of the oil
           and gas producing region (on the example of the Khanty-Masiysky Autonomous
           Region – Yugra)

    • Authors: Malika L. Slobodyan
      Pages: 134 - 144
      Abstract: The subject of the research is the development of the mining complex of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug-Yugra. The purpose of research: This study involves the definition of the economic state, the features of the functioning of organizations of the mining complex, as well as the scientific justification for the need to develop the mining complex as a driver of the spatial development of the region. Methods and objects of research: The study was conducted using the methods of cognition used in the humanities (economic) sciences. Inductive, deductive, system-structural methods and content analysis were used in the study of the content of the mining complex, its features in the oil and gas region and its role in the spatial development of the region. The dialectical method was used in studying the trends in the economic development of the mining complex. When analyzing the economic and financial condition of the leading organizations of the mining complex of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Yugra, the method of comparison, logical and system-structural methods were used. Results. The economic state of the mining complex of the region is analyzed, the features of the development of the mining complex of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug-Yugra are determined.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.18822/byusu202202134-144
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Criminal legal impact: experience of theoretical understanding

    • Authors: Sergey A. Korneev
      Pages: 147 - 154
      Abstract: The subject of this study is the category of "criminal legal impact" developed by the doctrine of criminal law. The purpose of the study is to determine the essence of the declared legal phenomenon, as well as to systematize the measures of state coercion included in its scope. Methodology. The methodological basis is represented by the dialectical method of scientific cognition. In the course of the research, private scientific methods of cognition used in the humanities were also used. Thus, when presenting empirical material, formulating conclusions and research results, methods of formal logic were used. When determining the essence of the criminal legal impact, as well as criteria for systematization of state coercion measures included in its scope, inductive, deductive, and content analysis methods were used. Results. Based on the analysis of criminal legislation, theoretical studies of the legal field under consideration, the concept of criminal legal impact is formulated, its essence and forms of implementation are determined.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.18822/byusu202202147-154
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Criminal-legal counteraction to special organized forms of extremist
           activity: legislative and interpretive aspects

    • Authors: Yuri S. Magnutov
      Pages: 155 - 164
      Abstract: Subject of research: special organized forms of extremist activity, enshrined in Art. 282.1 and Art. 282.2 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (hereinafter – the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation). The purpose of the study: the formulation of legal, technical and interpretative proposals aimed at modernizing the course of criminal policy in the field of countering special organized forms of extremist activity, enshrined in Art. 282.1 and Art. 282.2 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. List of methods and objects of research. In order to obtain reliable and reasonable research results, general scientific and particular scientific methods of cognition used in the humanities (legal) sciences were used. Research Art. 35, 205.5, 210, 282.1, 282.2 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, was carried out using the content analysis method. Logical and system-structural in the correlation of signs of an extremist community, a terrorist community and a criminal community. On the basis of the deduction method, particular, conceptually legally significant features of an extremist community are identified. The method of induction made it possible to determine the level of danger of special organized forms of extremist activity. The dialectical method was used when considering doctrinal criminal law positions that determine the direction of countering special organized forms of extremist activity. Conclusions based on the results of the study: 1) the need for legal differentiation of responsibility for committing crimes in the composition of special organized crimes, depending on the form of complicity, is substantiated; 2) it is proposed to include in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation an article providing for liability for organizing an extremist group; 3) the need to supplement Art. 35 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, part 41, with the consolidation in it of a new form of complicity "Extremist community"; 4) the author's version of Part 1 of Art. 282.2 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation; 5) the strengthening of the level of criminal-legal repression for members of international extremist organizations is justified.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.18822/byusu202202155-164
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Information support of law enforcement policy

    • Authors: Gennady V. Nazarenko
      Pages: 165 - 169
      Abstract: In this publication, the subject of research is theoretical problems and phenomena that hinder the normal information support of law enforcement policy. In this regard, the article provides a legal analysis of the information support of the relevant policy. The aim of the study is to find ways to overcome low-quality legal information functioning in the public sphere and negatively affecting the law enforcement policy. The methodological basis of the research includes the dialectical, historical, comparative legal methods and the legislative and textual interpretation of a number of publications. Main results and conclusions: as a result of the conducted research, it was concluded that the information support of law enforcement policy is a purposeful legal activity that includes theoretical and applied aspects. At the same time, the most important role in information support is played by legal information providers who create and disseminate information of political and legal significance.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.18822/byusu202202165-169
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Disciplinary offenses of prisoners on legislation Spain

    • Authors: Alexey N. Siryakov
      Pages: 170 - 179
      Abstract: Subject of research: a disciplinary offense is a legal basis for bringing prisoners to justice. Purpose of the study: formulation of proposals about the possibility of using the Spanish experience in improving the penal enforcement legislation of Russia. List of methods and objects of research. To obtain the results of the research, the methods of cognition used in the humanities (legal) sciences were used. The methods content analysis was used in the study Decisions of the Constitutional Court of Spain, Provincial Penitentiary Courts. Logical and systemic-structural methods they were used in the study of the construction of disciplinary offenses in regulatory documents. The comparative legal method was used when comparing Spanish and Russian norms on disciplinary offenses. Conclusions based on the result of the study: 1) particularly grave offenses, grave offenses and minor offenses are provided for in the regulatory legal acts of Spain; 2) the content of many offenses intersects with the elements of a crimes. This causes conflict branch of law. Simultaneous application of disciplinary punishment and criminal punishment is permissible under certain conditions; 3) types of disciplinary offenses pose a challenge of their separation from each other, which requires judicial intervention and interpretation; 4) the Spanish experience may be taken into account in the formation of the domestic system of disciplinary offenses.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.18822/byusu202202170-179
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • A young teacher in the mirror of change

    • Authors: Lyudmila S. Podymova, Oksana M. Chuprianova
      Pages: 183 - 189
      Abstract: Increasing requirements for the results of the education system made it necessary for young teachers to search for individual educational routes for professional development. Thus, the subject of the present study is the choice of an individual educational route, and the object of the study is a young teacher. The purpose of this work is to study the choice of an individual educational route by young teachers. Materials and methods. The main methods of this study are the deductive method and the method of pedagogical analysis, which allow a fresh look at traditional problems and established views on the choice of professional development by young teachers. Our scientific analysis of the category of an individual educational route is aimed at a comprehensive study of the essence and tasks of choosing an individual way for young teachers to realize their professional potential. Results. The study showed that the choice of an individual educational route for professional development is influenced by both internal and external factors. In many ways, this choice is determined by the personal characteristics of a young teacher, his interests, directions related to the tasks of his professional development. Findings. An analysis of the results of experimental work proves the objectivity of the perceived choice by teachers of the components of an individual educational route. The choice of components is largely due to systemic changes in the professional and pedagogical activities of teachers.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.18822/byusu202202183-189
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Risk behavior of schoolchildren: forms, etiology and consequences

    • Authors: Alexander V. Smirnov
      Pages: 190 - 206
      Abstract: The purpose of the article is to present the forms, consequences and etiology of the risky behavior of modern schoolchildren. Methods and objects of research: Defining the concept of risky behavior, the author, analyzing the data of academic primary sources, using technologies of content, contextual, associative and heuristic information analysis, indicates, that the most adequate information about the rating and nature of the social danger of risky behaviors is provided by primary sources that empirically study epidemiological data in the social stratum schoolchildren. The most represented are sociological, personological, therapeutic (clinical), diagnostic, phenomenological areas of research. Presenting the rating of risky forms of behavior of schoolchildren according to the criterion of the scale of epidemiology, the author describes their etiology and possible consequences. Results of research: The material of the article shows that the different nature of the forms of risky behavior of adolescents encourage researchers to take different methodological and methodological positions. This methodological isolation and the subject narrowness associated with it do not yet allow creating a universal tool for diagnosing all the considered forms of adolescent risk behavior.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.18822/byusu202202190-206
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 2 (2022)
       
 
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