Subjects -> EARTH SCIENCES (Total: 771 journals)
    - EARTH SCIENCES (527 journals)
    - GEOLOGY (94 journals)
    - GEOPHYSICS (33 journals)
    - HYDROLOGY (29 journals)
    - OCEANOGRAPHY (88 journals)

EARTH SCIENCES (527 journals)            First | 1 2 3     

Showing 401 - 371 of 371 Journals sorted alphabetically
Physical Science International Journal     Open Access  
Physics in Medicine & Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Physics of Life Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Physics of Metals and Metallography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Physics of Plasmas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Physics of the Solid State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Physics of Wave Phenomena     Hybrid Journal  
Physics World     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Physik in unserer Zeit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Pirineos     Open Access  
Planet     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Plasma Physics Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Polar Record     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Positioning     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Pramana     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Precambrian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Preview     Hybrid Journal  
Proceedings of the Geologists' Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Progress in Earth and Planetary Science     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Pure and Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Quaternary     Open Access  
Quaternary Australasia     Full-text available via subscription  
Quaternary Geochronology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Quaternary International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Quaternary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Quaternary Science Advances     Open Access  
Quaternary Science Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Radiocarbon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
Remote Sensing Applications : Society and Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Remote Sensing in Earth Systems Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Remote Sensing Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Remote Sensing Science     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Rendiconti Lincei     Hybrid Journal  
Reports on Geodesy and Geoinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Reports on Mathematical Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Space Science & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Resource Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Resources, Environment and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Results in Geochemistry     Open Access  
Results in Geophysical Sciences     Open Access  
Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Reviews of Modern Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Revista Cerrados     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Exatas Aplicadas e Tecnológicas da Universidade de Passo Fundo : CIATEC-UPF     Open Access  
Revista de Ingenieria Sismica     Open Access  
Revista de Investigaciones en Energía, Medio Ambiente y Tecnología     Open Access  
Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales     Open Access  
Revista de Teledetección     Open Access  
Revista Geológica de Chile     Open Access  
Revue Française de Géotechnique     Hybrid Journal  
Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Rocks & Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Russian Geology and Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Russian Journal of Mathematical Physics     Full-text available via subscription  
Russian Journal of Pacific Geology     Hybrid Journal  
Russian Physics Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Science China Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Science News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Science of Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Scientific Annals of Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava. Geography Series     Open Access  
Scientific Journal of Earth Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scientific Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 85)
Sedimentary Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Sedimentology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Seismic Instruments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Seismological Research Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Soil Security     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Solid Earth     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Solid Earth Discussions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Solid Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
South African Journal of Geomatics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Standort - Zeitschrift für angewandte Geographie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Studia Geotechnica et Mechanica     Open Access  
Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai, Geologia     Open Access  
Survey Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Surveys in Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Swiss Journal of Palaeontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Tectonics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Tectonophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Tellus A     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Tellus B     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Terra Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Terra Nova     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
The Compass : Earth Science Journal of Sigma Gamma Epsilon     Open Access  
The Holocene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
The Leading Edge     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Infrastructure Geotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences     Open Access  
UD y la Geomática     Open Access  
Unconventional Resources     Open Access  
Underwater Technology: The International Journal of the Society for Underwater     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Universal Journal of Geoscience     Open Access  
Unoesc & Ciência - ACET     Open Access  
Vadose Zone Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Volcanica     Open Access  
Water     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Water International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Water Resources Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 94)
Watershed Ecology and the Environment     Open Access  
Weather, Climate, and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews - Climate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
World Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Yearbook of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Yugra State University Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Zitteliana     Open Access  
Землеустрій, кадастр і моніторинг земель     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

  First | 1 2 3     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Reviews of Modern Physics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 17.567
Citation Impact (citeScore): 34
Number of Followers: 31  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0034-6861 - ISSN (Online) 1539-0756
Published by APS Homepage  [14 journals]
  • Colloquium: Geometric phases of light: Insights from fiber bundle
           theory

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      Authors: C. Cisowski; J. B. Götte, S. Franke-Arnold
      First page: 031001
      Abstract: Author(s): C. Cisowski, J. B. Götte, and S. Franke-Arnold
      This Colloquium reviews the role of geometric phases in optics from the perspective of fiber bundle theory. The transformation of the polarization of light by discrete optical components illustrates many elements of the theoretical formalism, and an outlook is presented for the study and application of geometric phases in higher dimensions through analyses of higher order Gaussian modes and general vectorial fields.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 031001] Published Mon Jul 18, 2022
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 031001 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-07-18T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.031001
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Colloquium: Multiscale modeling of brain network organization

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      Authors: Charley Presigny; Fabrizio De Vico Fallani
      First page: 031002
      Abstract: Author(s): Charley Presigny and Fabrizio De Vico Fallani
      The brain is a formidably complex system made of neurons and neuronal ensembles that segregate and integrate information across organized layers at multiple spatial and temporal scales. A physicist’s perspective is provided on modeling the brain as interconnected and multilayered networks that grow into complex organizations for processing information dynamically. The analytical tools for multilayer networks root deeply in statistical physics that render interpretable features connecting network patterns as biomarkers to a mental state or brain diseases.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 031002] Published Tue Aug 02, 2022
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 031002 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-08-02T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.031002
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Micius quantum experiments in space

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      Authors: Chao-Yang Lu; Yuan Cao, Cheng-Zhi Peng, Jian-Wei Pan
      First page: 035001
      Abstract: Author(s): Chao-Yang Lu, Yuan Cao, Cheng-Zhi Peng, and Jian-Wei Pan
      The Micius satellite, launched from China in August 2016, is the first and only satellite dedicated entirely to quantum experiments. The ultralow loss transmission of photons on most of the path between ground and space enables quantum communication capabilities that are still far from being realized. This review details the commissioning of Micius as a full quantum communications system, and describes the achievement of global-scale quantum key distribution, entanglement distribution, and other fundamental studies, with this unique space-based system.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 035001] Published Wed Jul 06, 2022
      Keywords: Quantum information
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 035001 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-07-06T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.035001
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Erratum: Colloquium: Statistical mechanics and thermodynamics at strong
           coupling: Quantum and classical [Rev. Mod. Phys. 92, 041002 (2020)]

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      Authors: Peter Talkner; Peter Hänggi
      First page: 039901
      Abstract: Author(s): Peter Talkner and Peter Hänggi
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 039901] Published Fri Jul 29, 2022
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 039901 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-07-29T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.039901
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Nobel Lecture: A forty-year journey

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      Authors: Reinhard Genzel
      First page: 020501
      Abstract: Author(s): Reinhard Genzel
      The 2020 Nobel Prize for Physics was shared by Roger Penrose, Andrea Ghez, and Reinhard Genzel. This paper is the text of the address given in conjunction with the award.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 020501] Published Fri Jun 17, 2022
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 020501 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-06-17T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.020501
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Parameter estimation with gravitational waves

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      Authors: Nelson Christensen; Renate Meyer
      First page: 025001
      Abstract: Author(s): Nelson Christensen and Renate Meyer
      Following their first detection, gravitational wave signals from astrophysical binary mergers have been collected by the LIGO-Virgo network of interferometers, inaugurating the era of gravitational wave astronomy. With a new generation of instruments, one major challenge is the development of statistical and computational methods for estimating the physical parameters that characterize the emitting systems and the source populations. This review presents the Bayesian inference techniques used for parameter estimation from gravitational wave observations by ground-based interferometers. The application of such methods to the signals observed by LIGO-Virgo is illustrated with results in fundamental physics, astrophysics, and cosmology.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025001] Published Fri Apr 08, 2022
      Keywords: Astrophysics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025001 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-04-08T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.025001
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Interfacial thermal resistance: Past, present, and future

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      Authors: Jie Chen; Xiangfan Xu, Jun Zhou, Baowen Li
      First page: 025002
      Abstract: Author(s): Jie Chen, Xiangfan Xu, Jun Zhou, and Baowen Li
      As devices and circuits scale to ever smaller sizes and thermal management in them becomes more important, heat transport across their interfaces plays a crucial role in their development. While the study of interfacial thermal resistance goes back almost 90 years, its increasing importance has led to significant recent progress in theory, experiment, and simulation. This review chronicles this progress for solid-solid, solid-liquid, and solid-gas interfaces, discusses how to tailor interfaces to minimize the resistance, and mentions some of the remaining challenges.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025002] Published Fri Apr 22, 2022
      Keywords: Applications of physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025002 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-04-22T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.025002
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Coupling of mechanical deformation and electromagnetic fields in
           biological cells

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      Authors: Mehdi Torbati; Kosar Mozaffari, Liping Liu, Pradeep Sharma
      First page: 025003
      Abstract: Author(s): Mehdi Torbati, Kosar Mozaffari, Liping Liu, and Pradeep Sharma
      A distinctive characteristic of the biological cell is its ability to mechanically deform to crawl or squeeze through trapped spaces. When a cell is taken apart, the structural deformation of its cellular components as biological matter can be manipulated by electrical and magnetic fields. Their response to the external fields opens an opportunity for biomedical intervention of controlling the movement of a cell. The understanding of the coupling between the mechanical deformation and the nonlinear electromagnetic behavior, however, requires the formulation of electrostatics and continuum mechanics in elastic material. This review reports on several major advances in elucidating the physics of biological matter and surveys new challenges pertinent to cellular biomechanics.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025003] Published Fri May 06, 2022
      Keywords: Biological physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025003 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-05-06T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.025003
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Spoof surface plasmon photonics

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      Authors: Francisco J. Garcia-Vidal; Antonio I. Fernández-Domínguez, Luis Martin-Moreno, Hao Chi Zhang, Wenxuan Tang, Ruwen Peng, Tie Jun Cui
      First page: 025004
      Abstract: Author(s): Francisco J. Garcia-Vidal, Antonio I. Fernández-Domínguez, Luis Martin-Moreno, Hao Chi Zhang, Wenxuan Tang, Ruwen Peng, and Tie Jun Cui
      Structuring metallic surfaces allows for the support of surface electromagnetic modes at frequencies for which they would not be allowed for smooth surfaces. These modes are called “spoof surface plasmons” because of their similarity to surface plasmons that are supported at optical frequencies for smooth surfaces. This article describes the physics that underlies the behavior of spoof surface plasmons and how these modes are used in applications that require the manipulation of electromagnetic fields at frequencies below optical.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025004] Published Fri May 20, 2022
      Keywords: Atomic, molecular, and optical physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025004 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-05-20T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.025004
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Tensor lattice field theory for renormalization and quantum computing

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      Authors: Yannick Meurice; Ryo Sakai, Judah Unmuth-Yockey
      First page: 025005
      Abstract: Author(s): Yannick Meurice, Ryo Sakai, and Judah Unmuth-Yockey
      One goal in understanding quantum chromodynamics (QCD) includes solving how quarks and gluons combine to form the hadrons and nuclei seen in nature. With lattice QCD, progress has been made regarding the calculation of masses and couplings. However, the real-time evolution and the critical behavior at finite density of strong particles in colliders, stars, or after the big bang remain a challenging problem despite their potential to detect the existence of new physics. The tensor methods for lattice field theories provide a route to handle strongly correlated systems across different subfields using renormalization group methods or quantum computing.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025005] Published Thu May 26, 2022
      Keywords: Nuclear physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025005 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-05-26T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.025005
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Bunch shaping in electron linear accelerators

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      Authors: G. Ha; K.-J. Kim, J. G. Power, Y. Sun (孙银娥), P. Piot
      First page: 025006
      Abstract: Author(s): G. Ha, K.-J. Kim, J. G. Power, Y. Sun (孙银娥), and P. Piot
      Electron beams from modern high performance accelerators power intense light sources such as free electron lasers and synchrotron light sources, as well as wakefield-based accelerating modules relying on plasmas or dielectric structures. The way the electron bunches are shaped in space and time controls the efficacy of how the electron beam radiates or interacts with structures. In this review the physics behind methods for controlling the mesoscopic electron-bunch properties, i.e., phase-space distributions, from an electron accelerator are discussed, from both a theoretical and an experimental perspective. The focus is on phase-space shaping methods relying on bounded external electromagnetic fields or self-generated velocity and radiation fields, and how they are implemented.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025006] Published Tue May 31, 2022
      Keywords: Particle-beam physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025006 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-05-31T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.025006
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Quantum indistinguishability by path identity and with undetected photons

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      Authors: Armin Hochrainer; Mayukh Lahiri, Manuel Erhard, Mario Krenn, Anton Zeilinger
      First page: 025007
      Abstract: Author(s): Armin Hochrainer, Mayukh Lahiri, Manuel Erhard, Mario Krenn, and Anton Zeilinger
      The double-slit experiment manifests the duality between wave interference and the distinguishability of paths taken by a particle though an apparatus. This article reviews advanced developments of these concepts with pairs of particles, starting with experiments on quantum foundations with photon pairs in the 1990s. These experiments now form the basis for applications in quantum information as well as for spatial imaging and spectroscopy that is performed without ever detecting the photons that interacted with the object.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025007] Published Tue Jun 21, 2022
      Keywords: Quantum information
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025007 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-06-21T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.025007
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Security in quantum cryptography

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      Authors: Christopher Portmann; Renato Renner
      First page: 025008
      Abstract: Author(s): Christopher Portmann and Renato Renner
      Secure communications is a vital need of the world, and the basic features of quantum mechanics seemingly offer fundamental new tools for achieving this security. But do these tools really work? This review gives due attention to the real-world problems with experimental quantum cryptography, but the heart of the review is an in-depth survey of the analyses developed to prove the security of the basic quantum techniques introduced by Wiesner, Ekert, Bennett, and Brassard. A broader set of cryptographic tasks have quantum aspects which are also discussed here.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025008] Published Wed Jun 29, 2022
      Keywords: Quantum information
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025008 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-06-29T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.025008
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Erratum: Hadronic molecules [Rev. Mod. Phys. 90, 015004 (2018)]

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Feng-Kun Guo; Christoph Hanhart, Ulf-G. Meißner, Qian Wang, Qiang Zhao, Bing-Song Zou
      First page: 029901
      Abstract: Author(s): Feng-Kun Guo, Christoph Hanhart, Ulf-G. Meißner, Qian Wang, Qiang Zhao, and Bing-Song Zou
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 029901] Published Mon Jun 13, 2022
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 029901 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-06-13T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.029901
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The climate system and the second law of thermodynamics

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      Authors: Martin S. Singh; Morgan E O’Neill
      First page: 015001
      Abstract: Author(s): Martin S. Singh and Morgan E O’Neill
      While the first law of thermodynamics is a well-established principle underlying all models of Earth’s climate system, applications of the second law in climate science are active areas of research. This review summarizes how the relationships between Earth’s entropy export and internal entropy production provide insights into Earth’s climate. These applications include heat-engine analogs for atmospheric convection, tropical cyclones, and large-scale atmospheric heat transport. Open issues addressed include the ongoing debate on whether the climate system maximizes entropy production.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015001] Published Thu Jan 06, 2022
      Keywords: General physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015001 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-01-06T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.015001
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The proton charge radius

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      Authors: H. Gao; M. Vanderhaeghen
      First page: 015002
      Abstract: Author(s): H. Gao and M. Vanderhaeghen
      The proton is responsible for about half the mass in our personal lives. So it is perhaps surprising that little is known about how it got here or how it is bound from its fundamental quark and gluon constituents. This uncertainty is the largest source of error to extracting some fundamental constants of nature. One observable that probes the internal structure of the proton and tests our theoretical description of it is the proton charge radius. The radius is sensitive to quantum electrodynamics and quantum chromodynamics and helps to constrain new physics. This review presents the current status among the four types of experiments to measure the radius: electron scattering, muon scattering, electronic hydrogen spectroscopy, and muonic hydrogen spectroscopy.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015002] Published Fri Jan 21, 2022
      Keywords: Nuclear physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015002 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-01-21T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.015002
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Semitauonic $b$-hadron decays: A lepton flavor universality laboratory

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      Authors: Florian U. Bernlochner; Manuel Franco Sevilla, Dean J. Robinson, Guy Wormser
      First page: 015003
      Abstract: Author(s): Florian U. Bernlochner, Manuel Franco Sevilla, Dean J. Robinson, and Guy Wormser
      While searches for interactions at high-energy experiments have yielded more stringent bounds on new physics, the discovery potential of indirect searches has drawn renewed attention. The standard model predicts that physical processes involving charged leptons should feature lepton flavor universality relations among physical observables. Observation of lepton flavor universality violation would thus establish the presence of new physics beyond the standard model. This article provides a review of lepton flavor universality violation in semileptonic b-hadron decays. It investigates the current measurements and their world averages, and examines the future, outlining the expected evolution of the experimental uncertainties and the prospects for future discoveries.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015003] Published Fri Feb 04, 2022
      Keywords: High-energy particles and fields experiment
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015003 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-02-04T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.015003
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Noisy intermediate-scale quantum algorithms

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      Authors: Kishor Bharti; Alba Cervera-Lierta, Thi Ha Kyaw, Tobias Haug, Sumner Alperin-Lea, Abhinav Anand, Matthias Degroote, Hermanni Heimonen, Jakob S. Kottmann, Tim Menke, Wai-Keong Mok, Sukin Sim, Leong-Chuan Kwek, Alán Aspuru-Guzik
      First page: 015004
      Abstract: Author(s): Kishor Bharti, Alba Cervera-Lierta, Thi Ha Kyaw, Tobias Haug, Sumner Alperin-Lea, Abhinav Anand, Matthias Degroote, Hermanni Heimonen, Jakob S. Kottmann, Tim Menke, Wai-Keong Mok, Sukin Sim, Leong-Chuan Kwek, and Alán Aspuru-Guzik
      Noisy quantum computers can in principle perform reliable quantum computations, but truly scalable systems require noise levels lower than are presently achieved. Still, moderate-complexity computations can be performed. This review discusses what is possible in this “noisy intermediate scale” quantum (NISQ) era. Topic areas include the simulation of many-body physics and chemistry, combinatorial optimization, and machine learning. It is evident that the NISQ era has produced new paradigms for programming that will be built upon as quantum computers are further perfected.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015004] Published Tue Feb 15, 2022
      Keywords: Quantum information
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015004 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-02-15T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.015004
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Collective nonlinear dynamics and self-organization in decentralized power
           grids

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      Authors: Dirk Witthaut; Frank Hellmann, Jürgen Kurths, Stefan Kettemann, Hildegard Meyer-Ortmanns, Marc Timme
      First page: 015005
      Abstract: Author(s): Dirk Witthaut, Frank Hellmann, Jürgen Kurths, Stefan Kettemann, Hildegard Meyer-Ortmanns, and Marc Timme
      The rapid increase in renewable energy production facilities, domestic installations injecting energy back onto the grid, and the surge in electric vehicle adoption and associated high voltage charging stations are all placing unprecedented demands on the electric power grid. This article summarizes the physics that can inform the design and operation principles for future compliant power grids. The authors show that mathematically modeling grids as coupled nonlinear dynamical systems and networks, and utilizing concepts from statistical physics and graph theory provide a comprehensive framework to understanding and controlling their collective behavior as a system of many interacting units. The article covers key topics including the synchronization dynamics and structural stability of power grids as well as methods to control dynamics and mitigate cascades of failures and large-scale blackouts.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015005] Published Mon Feb 28, 2022
      Keywords: General physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015005 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-02-28T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.015005
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Complex paths around the sign problem

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      Authors: Andrei Alexandru; Gökçe Başar, Paulo F. Bedaque, Neill C. Warrington
      First page: 015006
      Abstract: Author(s): Andrei Alexandru, Gökçe Başar, Paulo F. Bedaque, and Neill C. Warrington
      A promising path to solving QCD is on a computer by discretizing spacetime, rewriting the QCD Lagrangian to fit in that discretization, and then taking the appropriate continuum and infinite volume limits. A problem with this method is that the calculation of certain quantities of interest is numerically intractable because of a “sign problem.” A sign problem appears whenever large cancellations make it impractical to obtain reliable numerical results. This review discusses a potential solution: deformation of the manifold on which the problem is defined in order to reduce these instabilities.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015006] Published Wed Mar 09, 2022
      Keywords: Nuclear physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015006 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-03-09T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.015006
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Power functional theory for many-body dynamics

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      Authors: Matthias Schmidt
      First page: 015007
      Abstract: Author(s): Matthias Schmidt
      In equilibrium, the unifying framework of density-functional theory provides a variational scheme to determine both the thermodynamics and correlation functions of classical systems in the presence of an external potential field. Density-functional theory has found a range of application and nowadays forms a central pillar of liquid state and soft matter theory. Given the many successes it is natural to seek a variational approach to treat systems out of equilibrium. This was achieved with the development of the power functional theory. This review describes the approach of power functional theory, which is based on an exact one-body principle to describe the dynamics of overdamped, inertial classical, and quantum many-body systems.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015007] Published Mon Mar 28, 2022
      Keywords: Soft matter
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015007 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-03-28T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.015007
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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