Subjects -> EARTH SCIENCES (Total: 771 journals)
    - EARTH SCIENCES (527 journals)
    - GEOLOGY (94 journals)
    - GEOPHYSICS (33 journals)
    - HYDROLOGY (29 journals)
    - OCEANOGRAPHY (88 journals)

EARTH SCIENCES (527 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 371 Journals sorted by number of followers
Nature Geoscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 162)
IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 152)
International Journal of Remote Sensing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 144)
Earth and Planetary Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 143)
Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 133)
Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 83)
Ocean & Coastal Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Marine Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
International Journal of Geographical Information Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Natural Hazards     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Journal of Earth System Science     Open Access   (Followers: 52)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Hydrological Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Geophysical Journal International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Journal of Hydrologic Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Groundwater     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
International Journal of Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Geomorphology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Chemical Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Marine Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Geology Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Marine Environmental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Quaternary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Reviews of Modern Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Geology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Coastal Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Advances In Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
GPS Solutions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Landslides     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Structural Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Quaternary Science Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Geoforum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Environmental Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Tectonophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Geocarto International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Coral Reefs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Bulletin of Volcanology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Hydrogeology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Hydrobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Tellus A     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Marine and Petroleum Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Earthquake Spectra     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Tellus B     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Marine Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Sedimentary Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Quaternary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Geological Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Global and Planetary Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Physics of Metals and Metallography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
African Journal of Aquatic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Natural Hazards Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Geological Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
The Holocene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Atmosphere-Ocean     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Metamorphic Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Asian Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Sedimentology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Ocean Development & International Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Applied Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Quaternary International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of the World Aquaculture Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Hydro-environment Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Pramana     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Electromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Ocean Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
European Journal of Mineralogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Frontiers of Earth Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Continental Shelf Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Pure and Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
CATENA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Petrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Ore Geology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of African Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Marine Mammal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cretaceous Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Earth Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: An International Geoscience Journal of the Geological Society of Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Gondwana Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Physics of Plasmas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Seismology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Physik in unserer Zeit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Lithos     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Contemporary Physics (Armenian Academy of Sciences)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Marine Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Geotectonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Facies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Comptes Rendus : Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Geodesy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Natural Resources Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Quaternary Geochronology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geophysical Prospecting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Systematic Palaeontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Physics of the Solid State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Plasma Physics Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Precambrian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ocean Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Petrology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Sea Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geochemistry : Exploration, Environment, Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geo-Marine Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Coastal Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Ocean Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Geographical Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Geodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Resource Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Marine and Freshwater Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Ocean Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Geomechanics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Island Arc     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Geofluids     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Marine Geophysical Researches     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Permafrost and Periglacial Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Terra Nova     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Energy Exploration & Exploitation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Organic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mineralium Deposita     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Marine Geodesy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Limnologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Meteorologische Zeitschrift     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Letters in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Surveys in Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Lithology and Mineral Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Russian Geology and Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Oceanology and Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
JETP Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Mathematical Physics, Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Fundamental and Applied Limnology / Archiv für Hydrobiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contributions to Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie - Abhandlungen     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Geomagnetism and Aeronomy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Marine Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Zeitschrift der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Rocks & Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Newsletters on Stratigraphy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Polar Record     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Mineralogy and Petrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Coal Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Helgoland Marine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Geophysics and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mining Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
The Leading Edge     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Russian Physics Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Reports on Mathematical Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Glass Physics and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Physics of Life Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Russian Journal of Pacific Geology     Hybrid Journal  
Russian Journal of Mathematical Physics     Full-text available via subscription  
Physics of Wave Phenomena     Hybrid Journal  
Moscow University Physics Bulletin     Hybrid Journal  
Moscow University Geology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal  
Marine Georesources & Geotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Mountain Science     Hybrid Journal  
Grassland Science     Hybrid Journal  
Erwerbs-Obstbau     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the Lebedev Physics Institute     Hybrid Journal  

        1 2 3 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Reviews of Modern Physics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 17.567
Citation Impact (citeScore): 34
Number of Followers: 30  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0034-6861 - ISSN (Online) 1539-0756
Published by APS Homepage  [14 journals]
  • Parameter estimation with gravitational waves

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Nelson Christensen; Renate Meyer
      First page: 025001
      Abstract: Author(s): Nelson Christensen and Renate Meyer
      Following their first detection, gravitational wave signals from astrophysical binary mergers have been collected by the LIGO-Virgo network of interferometers, inaugurating the era of gravitational wave astronomy. With a new generation of instruments, one major challenge is the development of statistical and computational methods for estimating the physical parameters that characterize the emitting systems and the source populations. This review presents the Bayesian inference techniques used for parameter estimation from gravitational wave observations by ground-based interferometers. The application of such methods to the signals observed by LIGO-Virgo is illustrated with results in fundamental physics, astrophysics, and cosmology.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025001] Published Fri Apr 08, 2022
      Keywords: Astrophysics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025001 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-04-08T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.025001
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Interfacial thermal resistance: Past, present, and future

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      Authors: Jie Chen; Xiangfan Xu, Jun Zhou, Baowen Li
      First page: 025002
      Abstract: Author(s): Jie Chen, Xiangfan Xu, Jun Zhou, and Baowen Li
      As devices and circuits scale to ever smaller sizes and thermal management in them becomes more important, heat transport across their interfaces plays a crucial role in their development. While the study of interfacial thermal resistance goes back almost 90 years, its increasing importance has led to significant recent progress in theory, experiment, and simulation. This review chronicles this progress for solid-solid, solid-liquid, and solid-gas interfaces, discusses how to tailor interfaces to minimize the resistance, and mentions some of the remaining challenges.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025002] Published Fri Apr 22, 2022
      Keywords: Applications of physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025002 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-04-22T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.025002
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Coupling of mechanical deformation and electromagnetic fields in
           biological cells

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      Authors: Mehdi Torbati; Kosar Mozaffari, Liping Liu, Pradeep Sharma
      First page: 025003
      Abstract: Author(s): Mehdi Torbati, Kosar Mozaffari, Liping Liu, and Pradeep Sharma
      A distinctive characteristic of the biological cell is its ability to mechanically deform to crawl or squeeze through trapped spaces. When a cell is taken apart, the structural deformation of its cellular components as biological matter can be manipulated by electrical and magnetic fields. Their response to the external fields opens an opportunity for biomedical intervention of controlling the movement of a cell. The understanding of the coupling between the mechanical deformation and the nonlinear electromagnetic behavior, however, requires the formulation of electrostatics and continuum mechanics in elastic material. This review reports on several major advances in elucidating the physics of biological matter and surveys new challenges pertinent to cellular biomechanics.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025003] Published Fri May 06, 2022
      Keywords: Biological physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025003 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-05-06T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.025003
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Spoof surface plasmon photonics

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      Authors: Francisco J. Garcia-Vidal; Antonio I. Fernández-Domínguez, Luis Martin-Moreno, Hao Chi Zhang, Wenxuan Tang, Ruwen Peng, Tie Jun Cui
      First page: 025004
      Abstract: Author(s): Francisco J. Garcia-Vidal, Antonio I. Fernández-Domínguez, Luis Martin-Moreno, Hao Chi Zhang, Wenxuan Tang, Ruwen Peng, and Tie Jun Cui
      Structuring metallic surfaces allows for the support of surface electromagnetic modes at frequencies for which they would not be allowed for smooth surfaces. These modes are called “spoof surface plasmons” because of their similarity to surface plasmons that are supported at optical frequencies for smooth surfaces. This article describes the physics that underlies the behavior of spoof surface plasmons and how these modes are used in applications that require the manipulation of electromagnetic fields at frequencies below optical.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025004] Published Fri May 20, 2022
      Keywords: Atomic, molecular, and optical physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 025004 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-05-20T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.025004
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The climate system and the second law of thermodynamics

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      Authors: Martin S. Singh; Morgan E O’Neill
      First page: 015001
      Abstract: Author(s): Martin S. Singh and Morgan E O’Neill
      While the first law of thermodynamics is a well-established principle underlying all models of Earth’s climate system, applications of the second law in climate science are active areas of research. This review summarizes how the relationships between Earth’s entropy export and internal entropy production provide insights into Earth’s climate. These applications include heat-engine analogs for atmospheric convection, tropical cyclones, and large-scale atmospheric heat transport. Open issues addressed include the ongoing debate on whether the climate system maximizes entropy production.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015001] Published Thu Jan 06, 2022
      Keywords: General physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015001 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-01-06T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.015001
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The proton charge radius

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: H. Gao; M. Vanderhaeghen
      First page: 015002
      Abstract: Author(s): H. Gao and M. Vanderhaeghen
      The proton is responsible for about half the mass in our personal lives. So it is perhaps surprising that little is known about how it got here or how it is bound from its fundamental quark and gluon constituents. This uncertainty is the largest source of error to extracting some fundamental constants of nature. One observable that probes the internal structure of the proton and tests our theoretical description of it is the proton charge radius. The radius is sensitive to quantum electrodynamics and quantum chromodynamics and helps to constrain new physics. This review presents the current status among the four types of experiments to measure the radius: electron scattering, muon scattering, electronic hydrogen spectroscopy, and muonic hydrogen spectroscopy.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015002] Published Fri Jan 21, 2022
      Keywords: Nuclear physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015002 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-01-21T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.015002
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Semitauonic $b$-hadron decays: A lepton flavor universality laboratory

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      Authors: Florian U. Bernlochner; Manuel Franco Sevilla, Dean J. Robinson, Guy Wormser
      First page: 015003
      Abstract: Author(s): Florian U. Bernlochner, Manuel Franco Sevilla, Dean J. Robinson, and Guy Wormser
      While searches for interactions at high-energy experiments have yielded more stringent bounds on new physics, the discovery potential of indirect searches has drawn renewed attention. The standard model predicts that physical processes involving charged leptons should feature lepton flavor universality relations among physical observables. Observation of lepton flavor universality violation would thus establish the presence of new physics beyond the standard model. This article provides a review of lepton flavor universality violation in semileptonic b-hadron decays. It investigates the current measurements and their world averages, and examines the future, outlining the expected evolution of the experimental uncertainties and the prospects for future discoveries.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015003] Published Fri Feb 04, 2022
      Keywords: High-energy particles and fields experiment
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015003 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-02-04T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.015003
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Noisy intermediate-scale quantum algorithms

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      Authors: Kishor Bharti; Alba Cervera-Lierta, Thi Ha Kyaw, Tobias Haug, Sumner Alperin-Lea, Abhinav Anand, Matthias Degroote, Hermanni Heimonen, Jakob S. Kottmann, Tim Menke, Wai-Keong Mok, Sukin Sim, Leong-Chuan Kwek, Alán Aspuru-Guzik
      First page: 015004
      Abstract: Author(s): Kishor Bharti, Alba Cervera-Lierta, Thi Ha Kyaw, Tobias Haug, Sumner Alperin-Lea, Abhinav Anand, Matthias Degroote, Hermanni Heimonen, Jakob S. Kottmann, Tim Menke, Wai-Keong Mok, Sukin Sim, Leong-Chuan Kwek, and Alán Aspuru-Guzik
      Noisy quantum computers can in principle perform reliable quantum computations, but truly scalable systems require noise levels lower than are presently achieved. Still, moderate-complexity computations can be performed. This review discusses what is possible in this “noisy intermediate scale” quantum (NISQ) era. Topic areas include the simulation of many-body physics and chemistry, combinatorial optimization, and machine learning. It is evident that the NISQ era has produced new paradigms for programming that will be built upon as quantum computers are further perfected.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015004] Published Tue Feb 15, 2022
      Keywords: Quantum information
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015004 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-02-15T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.015004
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Collective nonlinear dynamics and self-organization in decentralized power
           grids

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Dirk Witthaut; Frank Hellmann, Jürgen Kurths, Stefan Kettemann, Hildegard Meyer-Ortmanns, Marc Timme
      First page: 015005
      Abstract: Author(s): Dirk Witthaut, Frank Hellmann, Jürgen Kurths, Stefan Kettemann, Hildegard Meyer-Ortmanns, and Marc Timme
      The rapid increase in renewable energy production facilities, domestic installations injecting energy back onto the grid, and the surge in electric vehicle adoption and associated high voltage charging stations are all placing unprecedented demands on the electric power grid. This article summarizes the physics that can inform the design and operation principles for future compliant power grids. The authors show that mathematically modeling grids as coupled nonlinear dynamical systems and networks, and utilizing concepts from statistical physics and graph theory provide a comprehensive framework to understanding and controlling their collective behavior as a system of many interacting units. The article covers key topics including the synchronization dynamics and structural stability of power grids as well as methods to control dynamics and mitigate cascades of failures and large-scale blackouts.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015005] Published Mon Feb 28, 2022
      Keywords: General physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015005 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-02-28T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.015005
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Complex paths around the sign problem

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      Authors: Andrei Alexandru; Gökçe Başar, Paulo F. Bedaque, Neill C. Warrington
      First page: 015006
      Abstract: Author(s): Andrei Alexandru, Gökçe Başar, Paulo F. Bedaque, and Neill C. Warrington
      A promising path to solving QCD is on a computer by discretizing spacetime, rewriting the QCD Lagrangian to fit in that discretization, and then taking the appropriate continuum and infinite volume limits. A problem with this method is that the calculation of certain quantities of interest is numerically intractable because of a “sign problem.” A sign problem appears whenever large cancellations make it impractical to obtain reliable numerical results. This review discusses a potential solution: deformation of the manifold on which the problem is defined in order to reduce these instabilities.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015006] Published Wed Mar 09, 2022
      Keywords: Nuclear physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015006 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-03-09T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.015006
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Power functional theory for many-body dynamics

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Matthias Schmidt
      First page: 015007
      Abstract: Author(s): Matthias Schmidt
      In equilibrium, the unifying framework of density-functional theory provides a variational scheme to determine both the thermodynamics and correlation functions of classical systems in the presence of an external potential field. Density-functional theory has found a range of application and nowadays forms a central pillar of liquid state and soft matter theory. Given the many successes it is natural to seek a variational approach to treat systems out of equilibrium. This was achieved with the development of the power functional theory. This review describes the approach of power functional theory, which is based on an exact one-body principle to describe the dynamics of overdamped, inertial classical, and quantum many-body systems.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015007] Published Mon Mar 28, 2022
      Keywords: Soft matter
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 94, 015007 (2022)
      PubDate: 2022-03-28T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.94.015007
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Colloquium: Quantum heat transport in condensed matter systems

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      Authors: Jukka P. Pekola; Bayan Karimi
      First page: 041001
      Abstract: Author(s): Jukka P. Pekola and Bayan Karimi
      As nanotechnology has led to smaller devices and thermal detectors have become more sensitive, the problem of heat transport in the quantum regime has become more important. Initially driven by theory, the field has expanded in recent years as experiments have become feasible to test these theories. As a result, controlling quantum heat currents and constructing heat engines and related devices on the nanoscale may soon become feasible. This Colloquium discusses these developments from both a fundamental and an applied point of view.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 041001] Published Tue Oct 05, 2021
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 041001 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-10-05T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.041001
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Colloquium: Nonthermal pathways to ultrafast control in quantum
           materials

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      Authors: Alberto de la Torre; Dante M. Kennes, Martin Claassen, Simon Gerber, James W. McIver, Michael A. Sentef
      First page: 041002
      Abstract: Author(s): Alberto de la Torre, Dante M. Kennes, Martin Claassen, Simon Gerber, James W. McIver, and Michael A. Sentef
      Ultrafast laser pulses can be used to drive materials into nonequilibrium states that have unusual properties and are promising for technological applications. Different classes of phenomena are observed during and after the optical illumination. This Colloquium discusses the recent developments in this field, and the prospects for using these techniques to create materials with novel functionalities in a controlled way.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 041002] Published Thu Oct 14, 2021
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 041002 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-10-14T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.041002
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • The Fibonacci quasicrystal: Case study of hidden dimensions and
           multifractality

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      Authors: Anuradha Jagannathan
      First page: 045001
      Abstract: Author(s): Anuradha Jagannathan
      The one-dimensional Fibonacci chain is a toy model central to theoretical studies of the physics of electronic states in quasiperiodic structures. This review surveys the state of the art of methods to study the energy spectra and states of Fibonacci chain models, including exact solutions, renormalization group, perturbation theory, and numerical analysis. Results highlight distinctive properties of Fibonacci chain systems, including projection from higher dimensions, nontrivial topological properties, multifractal states, and hyperuniformity. Questions of current interest include the effects of disorder and interactions and experimental realizations in electronic, cold atom, phononic, and photonic systems.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 045001] Published Tue Nov 09, 2021
      Keywords: Condensed matter
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 045001 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-11-09T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.045001
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Water vapor and lapse rate feedbacks in the climate system

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      Authors: Robert Colman; Brian J. Soden
      First page: 045002
      Abstract: Author(s): Robert Colman and Brian J. Soden
      Water vapor is the most important greenhouse gas in Earth’s atmosphere, absorbing more solar terrestrial radiation than any other atmospheric constituent. Because vapor concentrations increase exponentially with temperature, the interaction of water vapor with the vertical thermal structure of the atmosphere introduces a critical positive climate feedback to planetary warming induced by anthropogenic greenhouse gases. This article describes the relevant physical processes, empirical evidence for the feedbacks, representation of these processes in global models of the Earth system, and gaps requiring further research.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 045002] Published Tue Nov 30, 2021
      Keywords: General physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 045002 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-11-30T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.045002
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Matrix product states and projected entangled pair states: Concepts,
           symmetries, theorems

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      Authors: J. Ignacio Cirac; David Pérez-García, Norbert Schuch, Frank Verstraete
      First page: 045003
      Abstract: Author(s): J. Ignacio Cirac, David Pérez-García, Norbert Schuch, and Frank Verstraete
      Many-body wave functions can be described effectively by local tensors in matrix product states and projected entangled pair states. This article reviews how these theories provide not only numerical methods but also insights of a more fundamental nature into the structures of states with global entanglement patterns and topological quantum order.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 045003] Published Fri Dec 17, 2021
      Keywords: Atomic, molecular, and optical physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 045003 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-12-17T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.045003
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Dynamics of resonant x-ray and Auger scattering

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      Authors: Faris Gel’mukhanov; Michael Odelius, Sergey P. Polyutov, Alexander Föhlisch, Victor Kimberg
      First page: 035001
      Abstract: Author(s): Faris Gel’mukhanov, Michael Odelius, Sergey P. Polyutov, Alexander Föhlisch, and Victor Kimberg
      With high brightness and tunable resolution, x-ray synchrotron light sources have enhanced the ability to characterize materials. This experimental and theoretical overview of elastic and inelastic x-ray and resonant Auger element-specific scattering processes enabled by these tools provides an updated and comprehensive perspective on electron-nuclear dynamics together with the structural aspects of a broad variety of materials. Materials characterized using these techniques include liquids, gases, molecules, solids with correlated excitations, Mott insulators, and semiconductors.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 035001] Published Thu Jul 08, 2021
      Keywords: Condensed matter
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 035001 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-07-08T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.035001
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • The entropy of Hawking radiation

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      Authors: Ahmed Almheiri; Thomas Hartman, Juan Maldacena, Edgar Shaghoulian, Amirhossein Tajdini
      First page: 035002
      Abstract: Author(s): Ahmed Almheiri, Thomas Hartman, Juan Maldacena, Edgar Shaghoulian, and Amirhossein Tajdini
      This article describes recent progress on the black hole information problem that involves a new understanding of how to calculate the entropy of the Hawking radiation.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 035002] Published Wed Jul 21, 2021
      Keywords: High-energy theory
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 035002 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-07-21T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.035002
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • QCD thermalization: Ab initio approaches and interdisciplinary
           connections

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      Authors: Jürgen Berges; Michal P. Heller, Aleksas Mazeliauskas, Raju Venugopalan
      First page: 035003
      Abstract: Author(s): Jürgen Berges, Michal P. Heller, Aleksas Mazeliauskas, and Raju Venugopalan
      Evidence suggests that terrestrial accelerators can create energy densities yielding a state of matter called the quark-gluon plasma (QGP). The QGP is the result of thermalization in quantum chromodynamics. Terrestrial accelerators collide protons and nuclei where the initial stages of interactions are far out of equilibrium. This review considers two limits: the weak coupling, high occupation limit and the strong coupling limit. While there is much room between these limits, a universal phenomena used to classify these broad descriptions is presented. This also demonstrates connections to strongly correlated systems in atomic and condensed matter physics, in cosmology, and to a holographic correspondence between strongly coupled theories and their gravitational duals.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 035003] Published Wed Aug 04, 2021
      Keywords: Nuclear physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 035003 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-08-04T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.035003
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Baryogenesis from the weak scale to the grand unification scale

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      Authors: Dietrich Bödeker; Wilfried Buchmüller
      First page: 035004
      Abstract: Author(s): Dietrich Bödeker and Wilfried Buchmüller
      The standard model of elementary particle physics, once augmented with Sakharov’s conditions, offers several scenarios to explain today’s matter-antimatter asymmetry. This survey evaluates the paths to baryogenesis. Of special interest is that time-reversal violation in neutrino physics, together with large mixings, seems poised to produce the observed asymmetry via leptogenesis. This review occurs at a time when several experiments are on the threshold of a precise measurement of time violation in lepton mixing.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 035004] Published Thu Aug 19, 2021
      Keywords: High-energy theory
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 035004 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-08-19T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.035004
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Large-momentum effective theory

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      Authors: Xiangdong Ji; Yizhuang Liu, Yu-Sheng Liu, Jian-Hui Zhang, Yong Zhao
      First page: 035005
      Abstract: Author(s): Xiangdong Ji, Yizhuang Liu, Yu-Sheng Liu, Jian-Hui Zhang, and Yong Zhao
      It is an art to match partons defined in the infinite-momentum frame to QCD lattice simulations. Large-momentum effective theory relates properties of Feynman’s partons to partons of finite momentum, using asymptotic freedom to match the former’s properties in the ultraviolet. Finite-momentum partons are then directly matched to nonperturbative QCD quantities. While reviewing recent developments, this article demonstrates its use in extracting physics from ab initio lattice calculations.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 035005] Published Mon Aug 30, 2021
      Keywords: High-energy theory
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 035005 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-08-30T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.035005
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Wall interactions of spin-polarized atoms

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      Authors: Zhen Wu
      First page: 035006
      Abstract: Author(s): Zhen Wu
      Experiments with polarized atoms in glass cells show that spin polarization and quantum coherence can survive many collisions of the atoms with the walls, depending on the nature of the wall interactions. This article reviews the physics of the wall interactions of spin-polarized atoms and the experience gained over decades in a field still developing and finding applications in a range of quantum technologies.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 035006] Published Thu Sep 09, 2021
      Keywords: Atomic, molecular, and optical physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 035006 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-09-09T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.035006
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Dark matter annihilation to neutrinos

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      Authors: Carlos A. Argüelles; Alejandro Diaz, Ali Kheirandish, Andrés Olivares-Del-Campo, Ibrahim Safa, Aaron C. Vincent
      First page: 035007
      Abstract: Author(s): Carlos A. Argüelles, Alejandro Diaz, Ali Kheirandish, Andrés Olivares-Del-Campo, Ibrahim Safa, and Aaron C. Vincent
      Astrophysical and cosmological evidence suggests that 85% of the mass in the Universe is not visible. This dark matter has yet to be incorporated into the standard model of particle physics. A leading candidate for dark matter is the weakly interacting massive particle. The production of weakly interacting dark matter in the early Universe implies possible ongoing self-annihilation to the standard model particles wherever dark matter exists today. This article provides a review of probes for the annihilation of dark matter into neutrinos over many orders of magnitude of dark matter mass. It reviews the experimental techniques that are used to detect neutrinos, places updated constraints on the dark matter self-annihilation cross section to neutrinos using recently available data, and forecasts the sensitivity of upcoming neutrino experiments.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 035007] Published Thu Sep 16, 2021
      Keywords: High-energy particles and fields experiment
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 035007 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-09-16T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.035007
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Irreversible entropy production: From classical to quantum

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      Authors: Gabriel T. Landi; Mauro Paternostro
      First page: 035008
      Abstract: Author(s): Gabriel T. Landi and Mauro Paternostro
      Entropy is a fundamental concept in thermodynamics and statistical physics. It governs processes in physics, chemistry, and biology, and its statistical and information theoretical foundations have been supplemented by recent analyses of fluctuations in microscopic and quantum systems. This article presents a review of theoretical and experimental attempts to describe and assess entropy production in a unified manner from the quantum to the classical level.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 035008] Published Fri Sep 24, 2021
      Keywords: Atomic, molecular, and optical physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 035008 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-09-24T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.035008
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Programmable quantum simulations of spin systems with trapped ions

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      Authors: C. Monroe; W. C. Campbell, L.-M. Duan, Z.-X. Gong, A. V. Gorshkov, P. W. Hess, R. Islam, K. Kim, N. M. Linke, G. Pagano, P. Richerme, C. Senko, N. Y. Yao
      First page: 025001
      Abstract: Author(s): C. Monroe, W. C. Campbell, L.-M. Duan, Z.-X. Gong, A. V. Gorshkov, P. W. Hess, R. Islam, K. Kim, N. M. Linke, G. Pagano, P. Richerme, C. Senko, and N. Y. Yao
      Trapped ions have always been among the leading contenders for the realization of a quantum computer. This review reports on progress in the use of these current-day quantum machines for the simulation of hard problems in spin dynamics of one-dimensional chain systems. Considerable acrobatics are needed to hide the real ion-spectroscopy physics and transform it into the quantum dynamics of the condensed matter system; this quantum computer is equally capable of simulating equilibrium spin physics and nonequilibrium dynamics. Prospects for scaling beyond 100 qubits are real, and the exploration of topological phases is on the horizon.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 025001] Published Wed Apr 07, 2021
      Keywords: Atomic, molecular, and optical physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 025001 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-04-07T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.025001
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Experimental perspective on three-dimensional topological semimetals

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      Authors: B. Q. Lv; T. Qian, H. Ding
      First page: 025002
      Abstract: Author(s): B. Q. Lv, T. Qian, and H. Ding
      A confluence of precise theoretical predictions shows that carefully fabricated three-dimensional (3D) semimetals can host a variety of exotic phases dominated by topological constraints. This experimental review of 3D topological semimetals addresses the role that electronic structure and associated band crossings play in validating Dirac and Weyl fermion descriptions that have analogies with elementary particles in quantum field theory. The importance of Fermi arcs, nodal geometries, symmetry, spin-orbit coupling, and dimensionality is highlighted. A list of confirmed 3D topological semimetals is presented with suggestions for future research and applications.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 025002] Published Mon Apr 26, 2021
      Keywords: Condensed matter
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 025002 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-04-26T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.025002
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Finite-temperature transport in one-dimensional quantum lattice models

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      Authors: B. Bertini; F. Heidrich-Meisner, C. Karrasch, T. Prosen, R. Steinigeweg, M. Žnidarič
      First page: 025003
      Abstract: Author(s): B. Bertini, F. Heidrich-Meisner, C. Karrasch, T. Prosen, R. Steinigeweg, and M. Žnidarič
      One-dimensional models of interacting electrons have long served as a testing ground for theoretical and numerical methods. More recently they have become directly relevant for interpreting experiments on spin chains, and ultracold quantum gases. This review gives an overview of progress in this important field, with an emphasis on transport properties at nonzero temperatures, covering both theoretical and numerical approaches.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 025003] Published Wed May 05, 2021
      Keywords: Condensed matter
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 025003 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-05-05T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.025003
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Emergent constraints on climate sensitivities

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      Authors: Mark S. Williamson; Chad W. Thackeray, Peter M. Cox, Alex Hall, Chris Huntingford, Femke J. M. M. Nijsse
      First page: 025004
      Abstract: Author(s): Mark S. Williamson, Chad W. Thackeray, Peter M. Cox, Alex Hall, Chris Huntingford, and Femke J. M. M. Nijsse
      Emergent constraints (ECs) relate observables of the climate system to equivalent quantities simulated from Earth system models that are related to properties of the future climate. The uncertainties in projections of these properties may be reduced by constraining the modeled quantities to observables. The article examines how such relationships emerge from Earth system models, simple theories for how ECs can be derived from temporal variability in the climate system, and how ECs might be misinterpreted. A wide range of ECs discovered so far are presented as well as a framework for quantifying multiple sources of uncertainty in ECs. An outlook for reducing these uncertainties to quantify global environmental change is also given.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 025004] Published Tue May 11, 2021
      Keywords: General physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 025004 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-05-11T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.025004
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Circuit quantum electrodynamics

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      Authors: Alexandre Blais; Arne L. Grimsmo, S. M. Girvin, Andreas Wallraff
      First page: 025005
      Abstract: Author(s): Alexandre Blais, Arne L. Grimsmo, S. M. Girvin, and Andreas Wallraff
      This review surveys the development over the last 15 years of circuit quantum electrodynamics, the nonlinear quantum optics of microwave electrical circuits. In analogy to cavity quantum electrodynamics, lasers are replaced by rf signal generators, optical cavities by superconducting resonators, and atoms by superconducting qubits. Circuit QED offers enhanced light-matter coupling in which strong quantum optical nonlinearities are observable at the level of individual photons. This new parameter regime leads to unique capabilities for fundamental studies in quantum optics, nearly ideal quantum-limited measurements, and quantum computation.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 025005] Published Wed May 19, 2021
      Keywords: Quantum information
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 025005 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-05-19T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.025005
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Angle-resolved photoemission studies of quantum materials

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      Authors: Jonathan A. Sobota; Yu He, Zhi-Xun Shen
      First page: 025006
      Abstract: Author(s): Jonathan A. Sobota, Yu He, and Zhi-Xun Shen
      Angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES) has evolved into a precision probe of electronic structure in momentum space of novel quantum materials. This review of a rapidly expanding field summarizes the technical advances leading to an increasing resolution and understanding of quantum materials, including copper- and iron-based superconductors, low-dimensional systems, topological materials, heavy fermions, and many magnetic systems. ARPES is presented as an accessible tool well situated to make advances in our understanding of the electronic structure of novel quantum materials.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 025006] Published Wed May 26, 2021
      Keywords: Condensed matter
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 025006 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-05-26T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.025006
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Vector bosons and jets in proton collisions

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      Authors: Paolo Azzurri; Marek Schönherr, Alessandro Tricoli
      First page: 025007
      Abstract: Author(s): Paolo Azzurri, Marek Schönherr, and Alessandro Tricoli
      Events with vector bosons produced in association with jets have been studied at hadron colliders and provide high-accuracy tests of the standard model. A good understanding of these processes is of paramount importance for precision measurements, including Higgs physics, and for searches for new physics. This review summarizes the theoretical achievements and the state of the art in the modeling of vector-boson-plus-jet physics. It also presents broad experimental results from the Fermilab Tevatron and the CERN LHC colliders and their comparison with the theory.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 025007] Published Thu Jun 03, 2021
      Keywords: High-energy particles and fields experiment
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 025007 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-06-03T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.025007
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Equilibrium mechanisms of self-limiting assembly

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      Authors: Michael F. Hagan; Gregory M. Grason
      First page: 025008
      Abstract: Author(s): Michael F. Hagan and Gregory M. Grason
      Self-assembly is a process in which multiple building blocks spontaneously organize into collective and coherent ordered structures. This process is ubiquitous in soft synthetic and biological systems with examples ranging from lipid membranes, surfactant micelles, virus capsids, and bilayer vesicles to multiprotein filaments. This article provides a review on self-limiting assembly, which is the formation and stability of finite-size equilibrium structures, i.e., assemblies that are larger than the size of the building blocks and smaller than macroscopic bulk phases.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 025008] Published Fri Jun 11, 2021
      Keywords: Soft matter
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 025008 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-06-11T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.025008
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Near-field radiative heat transfer in many-body systems

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      Authors: S.-A. Biehs; R. Messina, P. S. Venkataram, A. W. Rodriguez, J. C. Cuevas, P. Ben-Abdallah
      First page: 025009
      Abstract: Author(s): S.-A. Biehs, R. Messina, P. S. Venkataram, A. W. Rodriguez, J. C. Cuevas, and P. Ben-Abdallah
      Near-field radiative heat transfer refers to the transport of thermal energy by electromagnetic radiation between objects separated by less than a thermal wavelength. It involves tunneling processes that can lead to large deviations from Planck’s law for blackbody radiation. These problems are of interest at a fundamental level and for devices that exploit heat transport on the nanoscale. This review summarizes the current state of this important field.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 025009] Published Wed Jun 16, 2021
      Keywords: Condensed matter
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 025009 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-06-16T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.025009
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants: 2018

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      Authors: Eite Tiesinga; Peter J. Mohr, David B. Newell, Barry N. Taylor
      First page: 025010
      Abstract: Author(s): Eite Tiesinga, Peter J. Mohr, David B. Newell, and Barry N. Taylor
      This review article contains the 2018 self-consistent set of values of the constants and conversion factors of physics and chemistry recommended by the Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA). The CODATA values are based on a least-squares adjustment that takes into account all data available up to the end of 2018. Details of the data selection and methodology are described.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 025010] Published Wed Jun 30, 2021
      Keywords: General physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 025010 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-06-30T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.025010
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Editorial: The Role of Colloquia in Reviews of Modern
           Physics

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      Authors: Dietrich Belitz; Randall D. Kamien
      First page: 010001
      Abstract: Author(s): Dietrich Belitz and Randall D. Kamien
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 010001] Published Mon Jan 04, 2021
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 010001 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-01-04T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.010001
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Colloquium: Physical properties of group-IV monochalcogenide
           monolayers

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      Authors: Salvador Barraza-Lopez; Benjamin M. Fregoso, John W. Villanova, Stuart S. P. Parkin, Kai Chang
      First page: 011001
      Abstract: Author(s): Salvador Barraza-Lopez, Benjamin M. Fregoso, John W. Villanova, Stuart S. P. Parkin, and Kai Chang
      Monolayers of group-IV monochalcogenides, such as GeS, GeSe, SnS, SnSe, and SnTe, display interesting properties such as ferroelectricity, ferroelasticity, and unusual spin textures. This makes these materials interesting from both fundamental and applied perspectives. This Colloquium explains recent progress in the experimental characterization and theoretical understanding as well as their potential for device applications.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 011001] Published Wed Mar 10, 2021
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 011001 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-03-10T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.011001
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Probing the interior physics of stars through asteroseismology

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      Authors: C. Aerts
      First page: 015001
      Abstract: Author(s): C. Aerts
      By studying the oscillations of a star’s surface, it is possible to extract information about stellar strata, age, and dynamics. Though one might guess that observation of surface oscillatory motions would be limited to our Sun, high-precision brightness measurements of distant stars, performed over many years, have enabled the field of asteroseismology. This comprehensive review covers the recent development of this field, the necessary blending of numerical simulation and data, and the way in which this new information enhances our understanding of stellar evolution.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 015001] Published Thu Jan 21, 2021
      Keywords: Astrophysics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 015001 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-01-21T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.015001
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Origin of the heaviest elements: The rapid neutron-capture process

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      Authors: John J. Cowan; Christopher Sneden, James E. Lawler, Ani Aprahamian, Michael Wiescher, Karlheinz Langanke, Gabriel Martínez-Pinedo, Friedrich-Karl Thielemann
      First page: 015002
      Abstract: Author(s): John J. Cowan, Christopher Sneden, James E. Lawler, Ani Aprahamian, Michael Wiescher, Karlheinz Langanke, Gabriel Martínez-Pinedo, and Friedrich-Karl Thielemann
      The rapid neutron-capture process plays a major role in the production of heavy elements from Fe to U. This review surveys the history and current understanding of r-process nucleosynthesis, covering new data from atomic and nuclear physics, astrophysical modeling of r-process sites, astronomical observations of stellar abundances, and galactic chemical evolution. It includes a timely and thorough discussion of plausible r-process astrophysical environments, following the first multimessenger observation of a binary neutron-star merger.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 015002] Published Mon Feb 01, 2021
      Keywords: Astrophysics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 015002 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-02-01T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.015002
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Novel Probes Project: Tests of gravity on astrophysical scales

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      Authors: Tessa Baker; Alexandre Barreira, Harry Desmond, Pedro Ferreira, Bhuvnesh Jain, Kazuya Koyama, Baojiu Li, Lucas Lombriser, Andrina Nicola, Jeremy Sakstein, Fabian Schmidt
      First page: 015003
      Abstract: Author(s): Tessa Baker, Alexandre Barreira, Harry Desmond, Pedro Ferreira, Bhuvnesh Jain, Kazuya Koyama, Baojiu Li, Lucas Lombriser, Andrina Nicola, Jeremy Sakstein, and Fabian Schmidt
      Modern instruments and observational programs in astrophysics and cosmology have opened new perspectives for probing general relativity on previously unexplored scales. This review provides both a methodological and an observational survey of the constraints on modified-gravity models using astrophysical objects in the cosmological, weak-field regime. It is embedded in the framework of the novel probes project, a forum connecting observers and theorists involved in the study of astrophysical tests of dark sector interactions.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 015003] Published Wed Feb 10, 2021
      Keywords: Astrophysics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 015003 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-02-10T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.015003
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Invisible axion search methods

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      Authors: Pierre Sikivie
      First page: 015004
      Abstract: Author(s): Pierre Sikivie
      Originally hypothesized to explain the absence of CP violation in the strong interactions, the axion has emerged as a candidate constituent of dark matter. This review guides the reader through the search methods for the QCD axion as well as for new kinds of particles with axionlike properties. For each case, the physics of the method, the signatures, and the background are discussed in depth. A must-have addition to the quiver of axion hunters.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 015004] Published Thu Feb 18, 2021
      Keywords: High-energy theory
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 015004 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-02-18T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.015004
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Exceptional topology of non-Hermitian systems

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      Authors: Emil J. Bergholtz; Jan Carl Budich, Flore K. Kunst
      First page: 015005
      Abstract: Author(s): Emil J. Bergholtz, Jan Carl Budich, and Flore K. Kunst
      Quantum systems that are coupled to an external bath can often be described in terms of a non-Hermitian effective Hamiltonian. In isolated systems with Hermitian Hamiltonians, topological aspects of the band structure, and resulting topological phases, have been of interest. The combination of the two concepts, i.e., topological properties of open systems, leads to qualitatively new effects. This review provides an introduction to these quantum mechanical concepts and their classical analogs, and discusses a number of applications ranging from mechanical metamaterials to dissipative cold-atom systems.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 015005] Published Wed Feb 24, 2021
      Keywords: Condensed matter
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 015005 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-02-24T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.015005
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Modern and future colliders

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      Authors: V. Shiltsev; F. Zimmermann
      First page: 015006
      Abstract: Author(s): V. Shiltsev and F. Zimmermann
      Particle accelerators have been engines of discovery for many decades. The most powerful ones are used in particle physics where intense particle beams collide to study new particles. This has led to groundbreaking discoveries in our understanding of matter and forces. In this article the key concepts behind the development of such colliders are reviewed and a historical perspective is provided of the evolution of these machines. Approaches for next-generation colliders are presented and technology developments for far-future colliders that will have the further benefit of enabling new applications in the use of accelerators for science and society are discussed.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 015006] Published Wed Mar 03, 2021
      Keywords: Particle-beam physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 015006 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-03-03T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.015006
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Lepton flavor symmetries

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      Authors: Ferruccio Feruglio; Andrea Romanino
      First page: 015007
      Abstract: Author(s): Ferruccio Feruglio and Andrea Romanino
      Quarks and leptons, which have the same electroweak interactions, markedly differ in their masses and mixing patterns. Neutrino masses are very small while quark masses are large and the lepton mixing matrix contains two large angles while quark mixings are small. Concentrating on the lepton sector, this review presents the flavor puzzles with effective field theories. Beyond standard model theories are discussed that contain organizing principles designed to provide natural explanations of neutrino masses and mixings.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 015007] Published Wed Mar 17, 2021
      Keywords: High-energy theory
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 015007 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-03-17T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.015007
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Simulation methods for open quantum many-body systems

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      Authors: Hendrik Weimer; Augustine Kshetrimayum, Román Orús
      First page: 015008
      Abstract: Author(s): Hendrik Weimer, Augustine Kshetrimayum, and Román Orús
      This article reviews theoretical methods to deal with interacting quantum particles that are in contact with their environment and are thus described by a master equation rather than a Schrödinger equation. The similarities and differences are discussed between the pursuit of pure many-body ground states and mixed steady states by different methods, and an outlook is provided on the advances toward simulation of large open many-body system.
      [Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 015008] Published Wed Mar 24, 2021
      Keywords: Atomic, molecular, and optical physics
      Citation: Rev. Mod. Phys. 93, 015008 (2021)
      PubDate: 2021-03-24T10:00:00+00:00
      DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.93.015008
      Issue No: Vol. 93, No. 1 (2021)
       
 
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