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  Subjects -> METEOROLOGY (Total: 106 journals)
Showing 1 - 36 of 36 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Advances in Climate Change Research     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
Advances in Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Statistical Climatology, Meteorology and Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
American Journal of Climate Change     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Atmósfera     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atmosphere     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Atmosphere-Ocean     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP)     Open Access   (Followers: 43)
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions (ACPD)     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Atmospheric Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
Atmospheric Environment : X     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atmospheric Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Atmospheric Science Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
Boundary-Layer Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Bulletin of Atmospheric Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society     Open Access   (Followers: 63)
Carbon Balance and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ciencia, Ambiente y Clima     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Climate and Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Climate Change Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Climate Change Responses     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Climate Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Climate Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Climate of the Past (CP)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Climate of the Past Discussions (CPD)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Climate Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Climate Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Climate Resilience and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Climate Risk Management     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Climate Services     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Climatic Change     Open Access   (Followers: 69)
Current Climate Change Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Earth Perspectives - Transdisciplinarity Enabled     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economics of Disasters and Climate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Energy & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Environmental and Climate Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Dynamics and Global Climate Change     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Frontiers in Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
GeoHazards     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Atmospheric Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Biometeorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
International Journal of Climatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
International Journal of Environment and Climate Change     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Image and Data Fusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural Meteorology     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 133)
Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Climate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Journal of Climate Change and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Climatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Hydrology and Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Journal of Hydrometeorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Meteorological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Meteorology and Climate Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 83)
Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Weather Modification     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Mediterranean Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Meteorologica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Meteorological Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Meteorological Monographs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Meteorologische Zeitschrift     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Mètode Science Studies Journal : Annual Review     Open Access  
Michigan Journal of Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Modeling Earth Systems and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Monthly Weather Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Nature Climate Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 145)
Nature Reports Climate Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Nīvār     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
npj Climate and Atmospheric Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Atmospheric Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Modern Hydrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Revista Iberoamericana de Bioeconomía y Cambio Climático     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Russian Meteorology and Hydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Space Weather     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Tellus A     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Tellus B     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
The Cryosphere (TC)     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
The Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Theoretical and Applied Climatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Tropical Cyclone Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Urban Climate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Weather     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Weather and Climate Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Weather and Climate Extremes     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Weather and Forecasting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Weatherwise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
气候与环境研究     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)

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Journal Cover
International Journal of Environment and Climate Change
Number of Followers: 20  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2581-8627
Published by SCIENCEDOMAIN international Homepage  [65 journals]
  • Assessment of Rice Hybrids on Growth, Yield and Economics under Different
           Agro-climatic Conditions in India

    • Authors: Golla Shantha Kumar, Vikram Singh, Shruti Grace George, . Vivek
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: The field experimental trial was carried out during kharif season 2021 at CRF SHUATS, Prayagraj, U.P. Experiment was laid out in statistically Randomized Block Design (RBD). The soil of experimental field was sandy loam in texture, nearly neutral in soil reaction (pH 7.2), low in organic carbon (0.35%), available nitrogen (108 kg/ha), P2O5 (22.15 kg/ha) and available K2O (280 kg/ha). The experimental result revealed that the hybrid UR-16 has recorded significantly higher in growth and yield attributes.  Growth attributes viz., Plant height (120.57 cm), Number of tillers/hill (15.07), Maximum dry weight (55.91 g). Yield attributes viz., Panicle length (28.41 cm), Test weight (26.48 g) and yields viz., Grain yield per hill (28.37 g), Grain yield (6.85 t/ha), Straw yield (12.96 t/ha) and the same hybrid has also obtained maximum gross returns (589860.00 INR/ha), net returns (95174.00 INR/ha), and B:C ratio (1.76). 
      PubDate: 2022-04-26
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030765
  • Rainfall Variability and Trend Analysis Over Nguru Yobe State, Nigeria

    • Authors: Yusuf Dawa Sidi
      Pages: 6 - 15
      Abstract: Aims: This study aimed to analyze rainfall variation in a semi-arid environment by examining the annual precipitation over Nguru in Yobe, Nigeria for a period of 31 years (1975-2005). Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in Nguru town, an arid environment in Yobe State of Nigeria using rainfall data from Nguru meteorological station from 1975-2005. Methods: Coefficient of variability (CV) was used to evaluate rainfall variability over time in the area, and non-parametric Mann-Kendall and Sen’s slope estimator were used to determine rainfall trend and its magnitude in the study area. The investigation was based on data collected over a 31-year period at a single site. Results: The result indicates that the coefficient of variation CV for the annual rainfall in Nguru revealed a moderate inter annual variability (25%), whereas the CV for seasonal rainfall demonstrates that rainfall in the May June July monsoon period is highly variable between seasons (more than 40%). The CV for the August September October monsoon period, on the other hand, was 31.6%, indicating a considerable and high variability in total rainfall received. Conclusion: The main conclusion of this study is that rainfall is highly variable over the years, posing a threat to climate change-induced drought and, as a result, affecting the socio-economic well-being of the people in the area, who are mostly peasant farmers who rely solely on agricultural activities for their livelihood.
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030768
  • Assessing Impact of Projected Climate Change on Sali Rice in a
           Representative District of Upper Brahmaputra Valley Zone of Assam

    • Authors: Nikhil S. Paschapur, Kuldip Medhi, Kushal Sarmah, Bondita Goswami, Santanu K. Bal, Abburi V. M. Subbarao, Anjan K. Sarmah
      Pages: 16 - 30
      Abstract: Three years of field trial along with DSSAT v4.6 CERES-Rice model-based simulation experiment was carried out to study the impact of climate change on Sali rice yield under various Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) in the agro-climatic conditions of Jorhat, Assam. Field experiments were conducted during kharif, 2017, 2018 and 2019 at the Instructional-Cum-Research (ICR) farm of Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat with three varieties viz., Mahsuri (150 days), Swarna Sub-1 (140-145 days) and TTB-404 (140-145 days); transplanted under three different micro-climatic regimes created by manipulating date of transplanting i.e., 26th June (early), 11th July (mid) and 26th July (late) under split plot experimental design with four replications. The validated model showed a good agreement for estimation of days required to attain different phenological stages with RMSE value 3.5, 2.9 and 2.9 days for Swarna sub-1; 2.4, 3.3 and 4.1 days for Mahsuri and 3.7, 2.6 and 2.4 days for TTB-404, respectively for panicle initiation, anthesis and physiological maturity. The overall d-stat value varied within 0.53 to 0.85 for phenology and 0.68 to 0.79 for grain yield. The ensemble weather data under four RCPs revealed an increase in mean maximum (0.3 to 3.0°C) and minimum (0.8 to 3.5°C) temperatures along with rainfall (11.8 to 43.4%) during the crop growing period compared to experimentation period (i.e. 2017-19) in three projected years. The grain yield of Sali rice showed positive deviation in all four RCPs and projected years under successive transplanting dates. The overall results reveal an increase in mean temperature up to 3°C during the crop growing period has no substantial adverse impact on grain yield of Sali rice under the agro-climatic condition of Jorhat, Assam.
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030769
  • Enhancement of Seed Germination and Seedling Vigour in Tomato (Solanum
           lycopersicum L.) by Native Microbial Consortia

    • Authors: C. Lalhruaitluangi, N. Tiameren Ao, L. Daiho, Susanta Banik, M. Aleminla Ao, S. P. Kanaujia
      Pages: 31 - 37
      Abstract: Several biocontrol agents are being employed as one of the alternative methods to chemical measures in agricultural system to manage plant diseases as well as promoting, plant growth and development.Various studies have shown that combination of two or more beneficial microorganisms can have synergistic effect. The present The present study was conducted in 2019 at Department of Plant Pathology, SASRD, Nagaland University to check out the efficacy of indigenous compatible microbial consortia on plant growth promoting activities like seed germination, seedling vigour index, shoot length, root length, fresh and dry weight of shoot and roots by standard filter paper method Three microbial consortia were prepared using native isolates of Trichoderma and Pseudomonas fluorescens.T1[ (P. fluorescens P-7 + Trichoderma sp. T-5 + Trichoderma sp. T-11), T2 (P.fluorescens P-12 + Trichoderma sp. T-5 + Trichoderma sp. T-11), T3 (P. fluorescens P-7 + P.fluorescens P-12+Trichoderma sp. T-5 + Trichoderma sp. T-11. The experiment was conducted in completely randomized design (CRD) and five replications were maintained for each treatment.The result showed that, T3 significantly increased vigour index of tomato seedlings (93.24 %), including germination per cent (20.84 %), shoot length (61%) and root length (59.36 %) over control at 10 DAS. On the basis of findings, all the tested microbial consortia had significantly promoted the plant growth over control where T3was the best among the tested microbial consortia exhibiting plant growth promoting potential for commercial exploitation.
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030770
  • Climate Change Resilience and Adaptation Strategies in Ecologically
           Fragile Urban Mining Communities: A Review of Existing Research and

    • Authors: Phanuel Chuka Hakwendenda
      Pages: 38 - 73
      Abstract: The growing concern about the changing climate and the need to document its observed impacts have resulted into advances in climate change adaptation practices globally. Despite being among the world’s most vulnerable regions, urban mining communities have diverse resources and contribute significantly to the quality of urban climate. The location of urban communities near mining activities has not only attracted urban development in most cities but has also provided these communities with a good opportunity for sustainable ways of living. However, most research on mines seem to have focused on impacts of mining on the environment with little focus on communities’ climate change adaptation responses. This review paper attempts to address this inadequacy in research by exploring factors that increase urban communities’ resilience and the adaptation strategies they use. The study used an evidence-review strategy involving the collection of information from peer-reviewed articles, books, and reports. A total of 213 documents, which included 122 articles, 60 reports, 31 books and gray literature, were identified with the help of Google Scholar and Web of Science search engines. First, the review paper observes that although the concepts of resilience and adaptive capacity are extensively explored, their meanings still remain unclear due to their multiple interpretations. Second, there seems to be very little consensus on factors that lead to increased resilience and the parameters that should be used to measure progress in becoming more resilient due to multiple interpretations of the resilience concept. Third, very few studies seem to have been conducted to assess progress in becoming more resilient in most urban mining communities. Fourth, there also seems to be a challenge in designing vulnerability and resilience assessment frameworks that are procedurally robust, context-specific and appropriate for decision-making related to adaptation action. This study recommends a need to conduct more comprehensive studies which clearly explore factors that increase resilience and adaptive capacity and those that suggest clear policy options for urban mining communities to supplement the rather limited body of literature in this area.
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030771
  • Anthropocene Bearing on Snow-Avalanche Disasters over the West Indian
           Himalayas: An Appraisal

    • Authors: Siba Prasad Mishra, Arnada Samal
      Pages: 74 - 92
      Abstract: The Himalayas is massive mountainous hills of altitude about 2000m to 6500m garlanding India in the north extending about 2500km arc-shaped snowy glaciers covering parts of Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, China, and Bhutan at various heights in sub-tropics. Snow avalanches in winter with floods and landslides cause maximum fatalities with increasing vulnerability in West Indian Himalayas (WIH) dropping temperature to ≈ -60°C. The ignored calamity has encountered unplanned relief to inaccessible areas that warrant a disaster risk reduction (DRR) approach with modern structural interventions under downsizing glacier due to Anthropocene stresses.  The present study envisions the various avalanche occurrences in the three most pretentious states Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand, in WIH. Correlation between geological vs meteorological responsibilities such as temperature, earthquake, snowfalls, and Indian summer monsoon with avalanche sorted out and causes depicted. Present investigation is about vulnerability, risk, track, impact, forecasting procedures, early warning system (EWS), disaster risk reduction processes, moderating strategies and other factors.  The inferred results are the cause of avalanche formation, the decline in the glacier area, the increase in frequency, and intensity, and the disaster risk reduction processes including the disaster management action plan (DMAP).  The vulnerability area designation, awareness among people, disaster mitigation by public private partnership (PPP) mode, as combined effort on war footing basis by the line departments.
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030772
  • Influence of Sulphur and Zinc on Growth and Yield of Cowpea (Vigna
           unguiculata L.)

    • Authors: Naveen Yadav, C. Umesha, Lalit Kumar Sanadiya
      Pages: 93 - 97
      Abstract: Aim: To study the retaliation performances of Sulphur and zinc on growth, yield and yield attributes of cowpea (Vigna unguiculate L.) Place and Duration of Study A field experiment was carried out during kharif season of 2021 at Crop Research Farm, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj Uttar Pradesh, India.    Methodology: The Experiment was laid out in Randomized Block Design with Ten treatments which were replicated thrice. with treatment combination of (T1 to T10) T1 20 kg/ha S + 10 kg/ha Zn, T2. 20 kg/ha S + 15 kg/ha Zn, T3. 20 kg/ha S + 20 kg/ ha Zn, T4. 30 kg/ha S + 10 kg/ha Zn, T5. 30 kg/ha S + 15 kg/ha Zn, T6. 30 kg/ha S + 20 kg/ha Zn, T7. 45 kg/ha S + 10 kg/ha Zn, T8. 45 kg/ha S + 15 kg/ha Zn, T9. 45 kg/ha S + 20 kg/ha Zn, T10 Control were used. Result: Among various sulphur and zinc combinations T9 treatment recorded maximum Plant height (75.64 cm), plant dry weight (67.90g/plant), number of branches per plant (9.66), harvest index (47.93 %), gain yield (13.67 q/ha), straw yield (15.26 q/ha). Conclusion: It was determined that the application of Sulphur – 45 kg/ha + Zinc – 20 kg/ha resulted in a higher grain yield (13.67 q/ha), which was significantly superior to the other treatments.
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030773
  • Anthropocene Trails on Geomorphology of Meghalayan Chilika Basin Odisha

    • Authors: Siba Prasad Mishra, Abhisek Mishra, Chandan Kumar, Saswat Mishra
      Pages: 98 - 113
      Abstract: The Chilika gulf in the pre-Meghalayan era has transformed into Greater Chilika, later a leaky lagoon and now downsizing. During early Anthropocene epoch (1950) became a restricted lagoon with the stable southern half of the barrier spit and fragile the northerly half. The sediment balance governed by the inland riverine flood flows from south Mahanadi delta (SMD), and through diurnal tides during other periods. The present anthropogenic development are the emerging Bhubaneswar capital (1948), rising population, and peripheral growth of urbans. Chilika, have deteriorated its eco-bio-hydro system and its associated delta. The anthropogenic interventions to flow by dams, barrages, new mouth dredging, Gobakund cut and natural sea-level changes, frequent storms, high waves, and longshore drift, have altered the geomorphology of the area. The present search envisages the physical changes that occurred in about 6000km2 of study area. The Remote Sensing and GIS technology and the ERDAS software tool were in use to concoct for the years 1984, 1994 and 2022, and compared the basic geophysical features geospatially (1975 to 2022). The erratic changes have developed over the lacustrine area, tidal inlets variability, increase in stable barrier spit and ecosystem with the land slamming of storms. Excess tourism activities, exploitation of fishery, motorized communications, poaching and increase of stakeholders have lost its forests, hills, solitude, and tranquility within.
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030774
  • Effect of Spacing and Biofertilizer on Yield and Economic of Black Gram
           (Vigna mungo L.)

    • Authors: Peruru Sasidhar, Shika Singh, Bevara Asiri Naidu, Y. Rajeeva Subash Chandra, S. Malleswari, Neeraganti Mohan
      Pages: 114 - 120
      Abstract: A field experiment was carried out during zaid season of 2021 at crop research farm of SHUATS, Prayagraj to study about the Effect of Spacing and Biofertilizer on growth and yield of Black gram (Vigna mungo L.) The experiment was laid out in randomized block design by keeping three spacing levels, i.e. S - (20 x 10 cm), S2 – (25 x 10 cm) and S3 – (30 x 10 cm) and Biofertilizers i.e. PSB and Rhizobium and which was replicated three. Results revealed that spacing of 30 x 10 cm + Rhizobium , PSB  recorded significantly higher in plant height (43.88 cm), number of branches per plant  (6.81),  number of nodules per plant (25.84), number of pods per plant (37.30), number of seeds per pod (7.51) test weight (37.73 g), grain yield (836 kg/ha) and stover yield (2144 kg/ha) and plant dry weight (6.77 g/plant), crop growth rate results are  showed in 20 x 10 cm + Rhizobium + PSB. However, net returns (54550.00 INR/ha) and B:C ratio (2.62) was also obtained with the application of spacing 30 x 10 cm + Rhizobium + PSB. Therefore I concluded that spacing of 30 cm x 10 cm + Rhizobium + PSB was produced more grains (836 kg/ha) and economic effect (2.62).
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030775
  • Studies on Variability, Correlation and Path Analysis for Seedling Vigour
           Traits in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

    • Authors: P. Sadhana, Ch. Damodar Raju, K. Bhargava, L. V. Subba Rao, Aparna Kuna
      Pages: 121 - 130
      Abstract: The research work was undertaken in Kharif, 2019 at Department of Seed Science and Technology, College of Agriculture, PJTS Agriculture University, to identify lines with good vigour and high yield. Analysis of variance revealed existence of significant differences among the genotypes. Dry weight of seedling followed by seedling vigour index-II had showed high PCV and GCV. Germination (%) -first count, length of shoot, length of root, dry weight of seedling, seedling vigour index-I, seedling vigour index-II and field emergence exhibited high heritability along with high genetic advance as per cent of mean. Length of seedling, seedling vigour index-II and germination (%) -first count exhibited the high positive direct effect on per plant grain yield. Among all the traits Seedling vigour index-II and dry weight of seedling has shown high variability, correlation and cause effect analysis. Therefore, these traits have to be given importance during selection process for identification of high vigour rice lines.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030776
  • Effect of Cotton Stalks Residues to Check Fertility Level of Soil, Yield
           and Energetics of Sweet Corn

    • Authors: K. Bhargavi Reddy, M. Malla Reddy, B. Padmaja, T. Srijaya
      Pages: 131 - 135
      Abstract: A field experiment on Impact of incorporation of shredded cotton stalks to influence soil fertility status along with production of succeeding sweet corn was organized at college farm, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad in the midst of rabi 2020-21. The demonstration was proportioned in Randomized Block Design (factorial) and replicated thrice. Treatments contain two residue management viz., Shredded cotton stalks incorporation and no incorporation and five levels of fertility levels viz., control, 75% RDF, 100% RDF, 125% RDF and 150% RDF (Recommended Dose of Fertilizer). Incorporation of cotton stalks did not significantly influenced the grain and fodder yield. Grain and Fodder yield was significantly higher in 125% RDF which was on par with 150% RDF. Incorporation of cotton stalks @ 5 t ha-1 (Residue management) before sowing of the succeeding sweet corn did not influence the energy ratio, energy productivity, productivity day-1. 125% RDF recorded higher energy ratio, energy productivity, while higher productivity day-1 was observed in 150% RDF.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030777
  • Trend Analysis on Area, Production and Productivity of Chickpea in
           Different Agro Climatic Regions of Madhya Pradesh

    • Authors: S. C. Srivastava, Megha Sahu, Akhilesh Singh, Sudhir S. Bhadauria
      Pages: 136 - 149
      Abstract: In this research paper an attempt has been made to take measure the area, production and productivity of chickpea in eleven agro climaticzones of Madhya Pradesh during 1996-97 to 2015-16. The research was carried with the objective, to study trend analysis in area, production, and productivity of chickpea in eleven agro climatic zones of M.P. The secondary time series data on area, production and productivity of chickpea were collected from website of Department of Economics and Statistics. The data pertained to the period of 20 years i.e. from 1996-97 to 2015-16. The findings of the study revealed that area of chickpea shows increasing trend in NH region of Chhattisgarh, Chhattisgarh plains, Satpura plateau, Nimar plains, Vindhya plateau, Kymore and Malwa region while Gird, Bundelkhand, Jhabua and Narmada regions show declining trend for next twenty years. Same as area, production of chickpea in all the regions of M.P. except Bundelkhand show increasing trend while Bundelkhand shows declining trend. NH region of Chhattisgarh, Chhattisgarh plains, Satpura plateau, Jhabua, Nimar plains, Vindhya plateau, Kymore and Malwa regions show increasing trend of productivity and rest of them show declining trend. The co-efficient of variation indicated that, instability in chickpea production exhibited less variation than area and productivity, at overall period.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030778
  • Genetic Divergence in Micronutrient Rich wheat– A Tool to Identify
           Diverse Parents

    • Authors: Ashish Sheera, Tuhina Dey, Mukesh Kumar Pandey, Tushadri Singh, Taruna bhagat, Shruthi K
      Pages: 150 - 156
      Abstract: Aim: To Study genetic divergence in the micronutrient rich lines to identify diverse parents for hybridization. Study Design: Randomized Complete Block Design Place and Duration of Study: Division of Plant Breeding and Genetics, She-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu during rabi 2019-20. Methodology: Nature and magnitude of variability in forty-nine zinc/iron rich genotypes along with three commercial varieties with stripe rust resistance could be grouped into five clusters using D2–Statistics. Results: Fifty-two lines were placed in five cluster with most of the micronutrient rich lines lying in cluster I except for HP-44 , HP 49 , HP 14 and HP 13 placed in cluster II, III, IV and V respectively indicating them to be divergent than the rest. Further HD 3086, RSP 561 and JAUW-683 were in the cluster I indicating them to be less diverse with respect to traits under study. The traits that contributed mast towards divergence were grain yield per plant(25) percent followed by number of tillers per plant (20.7) percent and 1000 grain weight (14) percent zinc and iron add little contribution of 8 and 7 percent respectively to the total divergence hence could not classified the genotypes into different cluster based on inter cluster distance Cluster III and Cluster V had the greatest inter-cluster distance, followed by Cluster III and Cluster IV, Cluster II and Cluster V, and Cluster II and Cluster IV. Conclusion: Developing wheat varieties with enhanced content of iron and zinc is one of the most sought objectives in a present world to alleviate micronutrient malnutrition. Modern wheat varieties exhibit little diversity in zinc and iron levels in the grain, but large-scale screening has found significant amounts of zinc and iron in wild relatives and progenitors of cultivated wheat.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030779
  • Influence of Potassium, Secondary (Mg) and Micronutrients (Zn & B) on
           Growth, Yield Attributes and Yield of Bt -Cotton

    • Authors: D. Swetha, P. Laxminarayana, G. E. CH. Vidyasagar, S. Narender Reddy, Harish Kumar Sharma
      Pages: 157 - 164
      Abstract: A field experiment was conducted to study the influence of potassium fertilization (K @0, K @60 and K @ 90 kg ha-1) and secondary (Magnesium) and micro nutrients (Zinc and Boron) on growth and yield parameters and yield of cotton hybrid Bt (MRC 7201 BGII) at Hyderabad, India during 2015-16 and 2016-17. The experiment was laid out in a split plot design with three main treatments and eight sub treatments and replicated thrice. Among the potassium levels, K @ 90 kg ha-1 recorded significantly higher plant height (76.86, 106.13 cm), number of seeds per boll (30.3, 30.9), seed cotton yield (1941, 2591 kg ha-1) and stalk yield (1967, 2755 kg ha-1) during 2015 and 2016. Among secondary (Magnesium) and micro nutrients (Zinc and Boron), Mg1%Zn0.5%B0.1% recorded highest plant height (74.65, 102.80 cm), dry weight (221.39, 243.54 g), number of seeds per boll (29.27, 29.87), seed cotton yield (1941, 2591 kg ha-1) and stalk yield (1967, 2755 kg ha-1) during 2015 and 2016.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030780
  • Economic Analysis of Marigold Flower in Research Farm of IGKV Raipur,
           Chhattisgarh, India

    • Authors: Jeet Raj, Jitendra Sinha, Nilesh Kumar, Nilima Jangre
      Pages: 165 - 170
      Abstract: In floriculture, marigold is one of India's most important commercially grown flower crops, which ranked third in number after Roses and Chrysanthemum. The present experiment was carried out during the winter season of the year 2019-2020 & 2020-2021 in the laboratory field of the Dept. of SWE, SVCAET &RS, IGKV, Raipur (C.G.) India. To study the economical analysis of Marigold crop cultivation with major constraints, three kinds of growing media was used like Cocopeat, soil and Farm Yard Manure (FYM) in three  different growing containers viz:  Reusable flour bags, conventional grow bags and plastic bottles with all the same growing conditions. In marigold crop production shows that the Reuseable Flour Bag (RFB) produced 13.65 MT flower, followed by plastic bottle (PB) 13.18 MT and Conventional Grow Bag (CGB) 13.03 MT in the same way the net benefit was calculated as highest as 296997.89 /ha in RFB, 249095.86 /ha in plastic bottle and 131078.79 /ha in RFB. The benefit-cost ratio was found to be highest in plastic bottles as 2.093, followed by 1.847 in RFB and 1.277 in CGB.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030781
  • Application of Plantibodies, the Plant-MADE Vaccines

    • Authors: Arthee R., S. R. Rangasami, . Murugaragavan, P. C. Prabu, P. T. Ramesh, K. Chelladurai, S. S. Rakesh, P. Pandiyarajan
      Pages: 171 - 180
      Abstract: Various approaches are used to integrate the desired genes encoding the antigen protein for a given illness into the genome of plant tissues in plant-based vaccination technology. Gene transfer by agrobacterium and transformation via a genetically engineered plant virus are two typical approaches for producing efficient vaccinations. Antibodies are an important component of vertebrates' adaptive immune systems, and they may now be made by converting plants with antibody-coding genes from animals and humans. Despite the fact that plants do not produce antibodies naturally, plant-derived antibodies (plantibodies) have been proven to behave similarly to mammalian antibodies. However, as science and technology have progressed, new approaches have been created to improve the efficiency of older technologies including biolistic, electroporation, agroinfiltration, sonication, and polyethylene glycol treatment. Despite the fact that plant-based vaccinations have numerous advantages for the vaccine industry, there are still constraints that limit the rate at which these third-generation vaccines may be successfully manufactured. Despite these limitations, continued attempts are still underway to develop effective vaccines for a variety of human and animal diseases, owing to its enormous potential.
      PubDate: 2022-05-02
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030783
  • Influence of Biofertilizers and Foliar Application of Seaweed (Kappaphycus
           alvarezii) Extract on Growth of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.)

    • Authors: Mohammed Ali Dalwale, Rajesh Singh, Geshu Singh
      Pages: 181 - 186
      Abstract: In the Kharif season 2021, the field trial was conducted at Crop Research Farm, Department of Agronomy, SHUATS, Prayagraj (UP), India. The experiment aims to reduce the impact of harmful chemical amendments in agro-ecosystems. The experiment was conducted in Randomized Block Design with ten treatments, including control with different biofertilizers, viz., Azospirillum sp. 25 g/kg seeds + 5% seaweed, Azospirillum sp. 25 g/kg seeds + 10% seaweed, Azospirillum sp. 25 g/kg seeds + 15% seaweed, PSB 25 g/kg seeds + 5% seaweed, PSB 25 g/kg seeds + 10% seaweed, PSB 25 g/kg seeds + 15% seaweed, Azospirillum sp., PSB: 25, 25 g/kg seeds + 5% seaweed, Azospirillum sp., PSB: 25, 25 g/kg seeds + 10% seaweed, Azospirillum sp., PSB: 25, 25 g/kg seeds + 15% seaweed including control i.e., application of 80: 40:40 kg NPK (farmer’s practice) were replicated thrice. The results revealed dual inoculation by Azospirillum sp. 25 g/kg seeds and PSB 25 g/kg seeds, along with the foliar application of 10% seaweed at 30-50-70 DAS, significantly increased the growth parameters of sorghum viz., plant height (164.07 cm), number of leaves (12.47) dry matter accumulation (116.59 g), absolute growth rate (1.21 g/plant/day), crop growth rate (40.33 g/m2/day) and leaf area (332.33 cm2).
      PubDate: 2022-05-02
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030782
  • Impact of Foliar Application of Zinc and Biofertilizers on Growth of
           Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.)

    • Authors: Geshu Singh, Rajesh Singh, Mohammed Ali Dalwale
      Pages: 187 - 193
      Abstract: The field experiment took place in the Crop Research Farm, Department of Agronomy, SHUATS, Prayagraj, during the Kharif season of 2021. (UP), India. The objective of the experiment is to lessen the use of chemical fertilizers by using techniques of integrated nutrient management efficiently without compromising the nutrient availability to the crop, which ultimately reduces the effect of chemicals used in the agroecosystem. The experiment was set up in a Randomized Block Design with ten treatments, including control, replicated thrice using various biofertilizers. viz., Azospirillum species 25 gram/kilogram seeds, Phosphate solubilizing bacteria 25 g/kg seeds and combination of Azospirillum sp. 25 g/kg seeds + PSB 25 g/kg seeds and foliar application of 0.5% zinc at 30, 50 and 30 + 50 days after sowing per hectare. The research revealed that foliar application of zinc 0.5% at 50 DAS along with seed inoculation by Azospirillum sp. 25 g/kg Seeds + PSB 25 g/kg seeds significantly increased the growth parameters of Sorghum viz., plant height (163.31centimeter), dry matter accumulation (92.71 g), No. of Leaves (12.87), absolute growth rate (1.33 g/plant/day), crop growth rate (44.31 g/m2/day) and leaf area (414.67 cm2).
      PubDate: 2022-05-02
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030784
  • Assessment of Water Contamination at Municipal Solid Waste Disposal Site,
           Jawaharnagar, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

    • Authors: P. N. Rao, A. G. S. Reddy, G. Ravi Kumar, T. Raja Babu, K. Maruti Prasad, B. J. Madhusudhan
      Pages: 194 - 213
      Abstract: The impact of uncontrolled municipal solid waste disposal of 3800 tons per day on surface and groundwater downstream of the Jawaharnagar dumping site was studied. The un-engineered solid waste dumping yard site spreading over about 300 hectares (ha) is located on topographic high (hillock) and falls in Madyala stream and Dammaiguda watersheds of Musi sub-basin. Granites of the Archaean age underlie the area. Both surface and groundwater samples, collected covering hydrological cycles of 2011and 2012, were analyzed for major chemical constituents. Fifteen samples belonging to both seasons of 2012 were tested for BOD, COD, and TOC. The mean values of some tested chemical constituents of surface water samples (15) were - EC 13066 m S/cm, TH 753, Na+ 813, K+ 530, HCO3- 978, Cl- 1304, and NO3- 262 (all in mg/l), which prove that tanks and stream near the dump yard were pools of leachate. The average values of contaminated groundwater samples among the four sampled sessions (17) indicate EC was above 5000 m S/cm, TH 1624, Cl- 1502, and SO42- 284(all in mg/l), which were found much above the threshold values. Very high TOC (mean SW 241; GW 154 mg/l), BOD (5410; 117), and COD (6427; 176) content in both surface (SW) and groundwater (GW) samples indicate the presence of organic pollutants sourced from domestic waste dumps. Wide temporal and spatial variability in the concentration of many ion species could be due to rainfall deviation, point source changes, and heterogeneous fracture patterns. Low resistivity values (5 to 25 ohm.m) at a distance of 4 km from the dumping site and high infiltration rate (29 cm/hr) at the Madyala stream indicate hydrological features controlled the mass flux. The chloride-sulphate alkaline-earth water facies, K+:Mg2+ and BOD/COD ratios demonstrate apart from anthropogenic input water-rock interaction and evapotranspiration governed the evolution of water chemistry. The study supports the hypothesis that solid waste dumps, which attained the methanogenic phase, were a point source of pollution that generates leachate and dissipates contaminants to the aquatic environment through preferred pathways influenced by factors like soils, topography, aquifer hydraulics, and contaminant kinetics.
      PubDate: 2022-05-03
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030786
  • Effect of Foliar Application of Nitrogen and NAA (Naphthalene Acetic Acid)
           on Yield and Economics of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.)

    • Authors: Kuruva Kaveri, Rajesh Singh
      Pages: 214 - 220
      Abstract: A field experiment was conducted during Kharif (Autumn) season 2021 at Experimental Field of the Crop Research Farm, Department of Agronomy, Naini Agricultural Institute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Praygraj, Uttar Pradesh, India which is located at 250 30’ 42’’N latitude, 810 60’ 56” E longitude and 98 m altitude above mean sea level. The treatments consisted of three levels of urea spray – 1.0%, 1.5% and 2.0% and four levels of Naphthalene Acetic Acid [NAA] spray – 0ppm, 25 ppm, 50 ppm and 75 ppm. The Treatments were applied as foliar spraying after 20 and 40 days after sowing. The Experiment was laid out in Randomized Block Design (RBD) with twelve Treatments replicated thrice on the basis of one year experimentation. To determine the “Effect of foliar application of nitrogen(N) and NAA on yield and economics of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.). The results showed that treatment with the application of N (Urea) 2.0% + NAA at 25 ppm recorded significantly highest number of pods per plant (16.93), number of seeds per pod (14.33), pod dry weight (4.17 g), test weight (18.42 g), seed yield (1436.26 kg ha-1), haulm yield (2651.97 kg ha-1). However, Maximum gross returns (1,20,204.7 INR ha-1), net returns (87,414.74 INR ha-1) and B:C ratio (2.66) were also reported in the same treatment of Nitrogen (Urea) 2.0% + NAA at 25 ppm.
      PubDate: 2022-05-03
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030787
  • A Gendered Approach to Awareness of Climate-resilient Agricultural

    • Authors: Angelina Patro, Debasmita Nayak, Smaranika Mohanty, Pradip Kumar Banerjee
      Pages: 221 - 225
      Abstract: Over the years climate change has become a global issue and its impact on agriculture has a distressful effect on the production of food grains and the lives of the growers. Therefore, in this fast-evolving world being aware of the rapid changes has become the necessity of the hour. And keeping in view the present condition this study had been conducted in the Ganjam District of Odisha to understand the extent of awareness of Climate Resilient Agricultural Practices. A total of 200 male and female respondents,100 each respectively were selected for the study. The findings revealed that most of the respondents i.e. 68.00 per cent male and 64.00 per cent female were partially aware, though it is also seen that (20.00%) female and (13.00%) male was unaware of climate-resilient agricultural practices which is evident that more females are unaware regarding the issues. Further, it was observed that Education, Information Source Utilization, Land Holding, and Type of family have a significant and positive relationship with the awareness of female respondents. The findings of this research would focus on creating more awareness among the people regarding the impacts of climate change and the benefits of adopting climate-resilient agricultural practices.
      PubDate: 2022-05-03
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030788
  • Occupational Health and Safety Practices among Sanitation Workers in a
           Public University in Ghana: A Qualitative Approach

    • Authors: Charles Owusu-Aduomi Botchwey, Dennis Kesseh, Michael Afari Baidoo, Agartha Afful Boateng, Dorothy Serwaa Boakye
      Pages: 226 - 237
      Abstract: Background: Satisfactory sanitation, together with decent hygiene and safe water, are central to good health and a bedrock of social and economic growth. If we are not able to safeguard the lives of those who protect us, then is palpable that our lives are also at stake exclusively in a period where there are so many genetic adversaries to combat so as to maintain, inspire and protect the lives of the individuals. To shield ourselves from environmental diseases, the welfare of sanitary workers is of overriding prominence. Aim: The study aimed at reconnoitering occupational health and safety practices of sanitation workers of University of Education, Winneba, (UEW) Ghana. Place and Duration of Study: The study took place at University of Education, Winneba campus in the Effutu Municipality in the Central Region of Ghana, between May, 2021 and January, 2022. Methods: The study employed a qualitative approach with a case study design in investigating occupational health and safety (OHS) practices among sanitation workers in UEW. A purposive sampling method was used to recruit the respondents for the study with a focus group discussion guide and in-depth interview guide as the main instruments for data collection. Data were analysed qualitatively using the content analysis technique. Results: The findings of the study revealed four indices that embodied and affected the working conditions of sanitation workers. These included: occupational stress; hazardous conditions; remuneration; and job security. Again, it was also revealed that there was inadequate personal protective equipment (PPEs) supplied by the university management and poor use of PPEs with the most used PPEs being nose masks by the sanitation workers as a result of the enforcement of Covid-19 protocols. Major challenges faced by the sanitation workers in adhering to OHS practices were found to be poor remuneration, inadequate tools/equipment, poor supervision, unfavourable weather condition and abuse as well as assault. Conclusion: The well-being of every individual matters, if there is a poor condition of service and poor adherence to OHS practices by sanitary workers in an institution of higher education then worse cases or scenarios may be bound to happen elsewhere. There is therefore the need for relevant stakeholders to stand and advocate for proper formulation and enforcement of OHS protocols as well as ensuring good working conditions for all.
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030789
  • Screening of Exotic Collections of Arabica Coffee Genotypes for Coffee
           Berry Borer and Coffee Leaf Rust Disease Incidence

    • Authors: Nagaraj Gokavi, P. M. Gangadharappa, N. S. Prakash, J. S. Hiremath, D. Sathish, S. Nishani, S. Koulagi
      Pages: 238 - 246
      Abstract: In India, commercial cultivation of coffee relies upon two important species like Coffea arabica (Arabica coffee) and Coffea canephora (Robusta coffee). In the consumer market, arabica coffee is preferred for its fine beverage quality, aromatic characteristics and low caffeine content compared to robusta coffee. In India coffee is grown under natural agroecosystem offers arabica coffee to fetch premium price in the international market. In spite of the commercial importance and the appropriate environmental conditions, the drastic reduction of arabica coffee area in India is likely associated with lack of adaptability for each ecological zone of the region, susceptibility to coffee berry borer and leaf rust and increased cost of production coupled with low productivity (470 kg clean coffee/ha). Therefore to address the issues identification of resistance source is the important criteria in crop improvement programme. With this background the study was aimed at screening of exotic collections of Arabica coffee genotypes maintained at Central Coffee Research Institute (CCRI), Balehonnur, Karnataka, India against Coffee Berry Borer (CBB) and Coffee Leaf Rust (CLR). The experiment was laid out randomized block design with three replications. Results revealed that, the CLR disease severity infection was ranged from 1.34 to 32.67 per cent and the genotypes S.1495, S.1561, S.2504, S.2509, S.2510, S.2529, S.2602 and S.2724 exhibited moderately resistant to leaf rust disease infection based on mean per cent disease severity level (1-5%). Hence, these genotypes will be valuable as new sources of resistance to these pathogens in the future and can be utilized in coffee breeding programmes in India. Similarly, all the genotypes utilized in the study were established low to least infestation of coffee berry borer (1.03 to 5.03 %).
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030790
  • Effect of Potassium and Spacing on Yield and Economics of Baby corn (Zea
           mays L.)

    • Authors: Muthe Ashwini, Rajesh Singh, Thakur Indu
      Pages: 247 - 252
      Abstract: The Crop Research Farm of the Department of Agronomy, SHUATS at Prayagraj (Uttar Pradesh) was the experimental area for the present study. The present study was about a field experiment performed during Zaid 2021. The texture of the experimental area’s soil was sandy loam. It is neutral in reaction and have lower content of organic carbon (0.72%). Moreover, rich in available N (278.48 kg/ha), available P (27.80 kg/ha) and available K (233.24 kg/ha). The experiment was designed using Randomized Block Design having nine treatments, replicated thrice for a time of one year experimentation. The treatments which are T1: 30 kg/ha K2O + 30cm x 15 cm, T2: 30 kg/ha K2O + 40cm x 15 cm, T3: 30 kg/ha K2O + 50cm x 15 cm, T4: 40 kg/ha K2O + 30cm x 15 cm, T5: 40 kg/ha K2O + 40cm x 15 cm, T6: 40 kg/ha K2O + 50cm x 15 cm, T7: 50 kg/ha K2O + 30cm x 15 cm, T8: 50 kg/ha K2O + 40cm x 15 cm, T9: 50 kg/ha K2O + 50cm x 15 cm used.  The results revealed that the application of 50 kg/ha K2O + 50cm x 15 cm had maximum number of plants (2.74), larger plant height (16.28 cm), utmost cob weight with husk (43.14 g), and cob weight without husk (16.91 g). However, applying 50 kg/ha K2O + 30cm x 15 cm resulted in higher cob yield with husk (6.52 t/ha), cob yield without husk (3.85 t/ha) and green fodder yield (34.63 t/ha).  Moreover, it also gives maximum gross profit (Rs. 1,54,000.00 /ha), net returns (Rs. 1,01,421.10 /ha) and benefit cost ratio (1.92).
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030791
  • Economic Analysis of Bell Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Production as
           Influenced by Different Organic Nutrient Sources under Mid Hill Condition
           of Himachal Pradesh

    • Authors: Atal Hameedi, Kuldeep Singh Thakur, Nesar Ahmad Nesar, Meenakshi Attri, Rahmat Gul Stanikzai, Rakesh Kumar, Satesh Kumar
      Pages: 253 - 258
      Abstract: A field investigation was conducted during the Kharif of 2016 at the Department of Vegetable Science, UHF, Nauni, Solan to explore the economic analysis of bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) production as influenced by organic nutrient sources. The experiment was designed in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) Factorial with three replications comprising 10 different treatments. The study indicated that vermicompost @ 7 t/ha + Jeevamrut (Drenching @ 5% + Foliar spray @ 3%) highly affected yield and yield attributing traits of bell pepper and documented higher fruit weight (59.33 g), no. of fruits/plant (29.13), fruit yield/plot (24.73 kg), and fruit yield/ha (366.42 q) along with the highest gross income (₹ 916,050.00/ha) and net return (₹ 713,795.00/ha) whereas the greatest B: C ratio (5.43) was attained with no organic manure + Jeevamrut (Drenching @ 5% + Foliar spray @ 3%). As a result, from an economic standpoint, Jeevamrut (Drenching @ 5% + Foliar spray @ 3%) application and Vermicompost @ 7 t/ha in combination with Jeevamrut (Drenching @ 5% + Foliar spray @ 3%) application for high yield may be suggested for commercial production.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030792
  • Assessment of Long Term Spatio-temporal Climatic Changes Over the Central
           India: A GIS Approach

    • Authors: Nisha Sahu, G. P. Obi Reddy, B. Dash, Nirmal Kumar, S. K. Singh
      Pages: 259 - 264
      Abstract: The climatic data of 107 meteorological stations of Central India were collected and maps of various climatic parameters were generated by using ArcGIS 10.5 software. Potential evapotranspiration (PET), rainfall, water deficit and moisture index trends were analyzed for 30 years (1988-2018). PET was computed by using Modified Penman-Monteith method as recommended by FAO. It concludes that though the amount of mean annual rainfall is moreover same but the variation in duration and distribution exists. The analysis shows that number of rainy days has decreased in this long period, which led to increase the PET. High water deficit resulted in shifting of bio-climate towards arid condition. The results indicates that Maximum mean annual rainfall was observed in Mahabaleswar station of Maharashtra (6098 mm) and minimum mean annual rainfall also reported in Malegaon (545 mm) of Maharashtra, in Central India. It was observed that western districts of Madhya Pradesh (Barwani, Alirajpur) are shifting significantly towards drier side during the period of 30 years. Thus, information of long term spatial climatic changes can be effectively used for contingent crop planning, irrigation scheduling and diversification of crops.
      PubDate: 2022-05-06
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030793
  • Effect of Thermal Indices on Yield of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) Varieties
           under Variable Weather Conditions of South Saurastra Agro-climatic Zone of
           Gujarat, India

    • Authors: A. V. Savaliya, H. S. Godhani, H. V. Korat, M. C. Chopada
      Pages: 265 - 269
      Abstract: A field experiment was conducted during Rabi (spring) season of year 2017-2018 at Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, Gujarat, India. Four varieties of Garlic (GG-4, GJG-5, Promising and Local variety) were sown on four different dates for generating different weather condition during various phenological stages of crop. Results revealed that sowing between 7th to 21st November produced significantly higher growth due to fulfillment of optimum thermal requirement for various plant processes. Timely sown garlic crop recorded significantly higher GDD (growing degree days), HTU (helio-thermal units) and PTU (photo-thermal units) and HTU (Heat use efficiency). Delay in sowing (after 21st November) reduced the crop duration and yield. Yield had higher value in local variety followed by GG-4and GJG-5 in all weather conditions. Yield was more in timely sown crop as compared to late and very late sown crop. Local variety was found more conducive for growth and higher thermal unit.
      PubDate: 2022-05-06
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030794
  • India’s Basmati Rice Export Forecasting and Performance: ARIMA Model

    • Authors: Stephan Raj, S. H. Shrikanth, S. M. Jainuddin, . Mahesh
      Pages: 270 - 277
      Abstract: Rice is the stable food in India and also in many countries of Asian continent. Indian rice is having higher demand in international market, so the Basmati and non-Basmati rice contributing a very high national income through export. The export performance and forecasting of basmati rice was carried out by using CAGR, Instability Index and ARIMA model. This study tried to understand the per cent share of rice export from the total agricultural export, growth rate from 1987 to 2022. Only secondary data was used for this study and the data was collected from APEDA. The study found that, the total export share of rice to the total agricultural export was 55.20 per cent in terms of quantity and 42.68 per cent in terms of value during the period 2020-21. This paper also predicted the next 5 years Basmati rice export from India using SPSS software. The CAGR was used to find the growth rate and it was found that 10.31 per cent and 17.37 per cent of growth with respect to quantity and value of export. The study concluded that positive growth rate of basmati and non-basmati rice was noticed in terms of quantity as well as in terms of value with higher instability. The study showed that higher instability within exports of non-Basmati rice as compared to Basmati rice during the study period. The forecasting of basmati rice exports showed increasing trends in exports over the years.
      PubDate: 2022-05-07
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030795
  • Deciphering Pearl Millet Grain Yield under Water Stress using Genotypic,
           Phenotypic Correlation and Path Coefficient Analysis

    • Authors: Amit Kumar, Mukesh Kumar Yadav, Heeralal Barupal, Mukut Bihari Meena, Ravi Kumawat, Kinjal Mondal
      Pages: 278 - 283
      Abstract: Yield is a polygenic character, usually depends on its various contributing traits like days to 50% flowering, plant height, and panicle length as well as panicle girth. A study was conducted during kharif 2018 to evaluate the relationship between grain yield and its components in pearl millet using correlation and path analysis studies. In the current study, significant genotypic and phenotypic correlations were found among five yield contributing traits in eighteen pearl millet hybrids. The traits including days to 50% flowering, plant height, and panicle length were found to have positive correlation with grain yield per plant that implied the importance of those traits in selection of high yielding hybrids. Grain yield per plant was used as a dependent character in path-coefficient analysis at the genotypic level. Plant height and panicle length were the independent variables (cm). The highest positive and direct effect was found for days to 50 percent flowering (0.9946) followed by panicle diameter (cm) (0.5726). Pearl millet having deep root system are often found to survive even in various stressful conditions including water stress. These characteristics have made it popular in dry and semi-arid regions around the world; nevertheless, compared to other major cereals, less work has been put into the study of climate-resilient characteristics of pearl millet. We have revealed here some basic ideas of correlation between the grain yield of pearl millet with its yield contributing constituents under drought condition.
      PubDate: 2022-05-07
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030796
  • Growth and Yield of Rice as Influenced by Rice Husk Biochar and Nitrogen
           Levels during Kharif Season

    • Authors: V. Sai Surya Gowthami, B. Venkateswarlu, P. V. N. Prasad, Ch. Sujani Rao, S. Ratna Kumari
      Pages: 284 - 289
      Abstract: Aim: Impact of rice husk biochar and nitrogen levels on growth and yield of kharif rice. Study Design: The experiment was laid out in a spilt plot design with different biochar doses in main plots and different nitrogen levels in subplots and was replicated thrice. Place and Duration of Study: The field experiment was conducted during the kharif season of 2020 and 2021 at the Agricultural College Farm, Bapatla, ANGRAU, Lam, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh. Methodology: The experiment was performed with twenty treatments in a split-plot design. The main plot comprised four biochar treatments and a subplot with five different nitrogen levels. Rice variety "BPT-5204" was taken as the test variety. The crop and soil observations during the experimentation were recorded at regular intervals. The test examined the significance of the treatment impact. Results: Results of the experiment revealed that among the biochar treatments, the application of biochar @ 7.5 t ha-1 treatment showed the highest plant growth parameters at harvest like plant height (104.8 and 107.0 cm), number of tillers m-2 (361.6 and 369.6), leaf area index (3.69 and 3.71) and yield parameters, i.e., the number of panicles m-2 (302.5 and 304.9), grain (5706 and 5860 kg ha-1) and straw yields (7347 and 7570 kg ha-1) and was found statistically at par with the application of biochar @ 5.0 t ha-1 treatment and significantly superior over rest of the treatments during kharif of 2020 and 2021. Plant height (106.2 and 108.1 cm), number of tillers m-2 (368.3 and 374.2), leaf area index (3.72 and 3.84), the number of panicles m-2 (284.9 and 289.6), grain yield (5865 and 5997 kg ha-1), and straw yield (7631 and 7848 kg ha-1) were significantly the highest with the application of 160 kg N ha-1, which was found statistically at par with 120 kg N ha-1 treatment and significantly superior over other treatments.
      PubDate: 2022-05-07
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030797
  • Response of Popular Varieties on Foliar Application of Micronutrients on
           Growth, Seed Yield and Quality in Greengram

    • Authors: G. Adhithya, R. Siddarju, . Parashivmurthy, T. M. Ramanapa, P. Mahadevu, K. Vishwanath, S. Sowjanya, U. Tejaswini
      Pages: 290 - 304
      Abstract: Effect of foliar application of micronutrients on seed yield and quality were studied in three green gram varieties i.e., KKM-3, WGG-42 and TRCRM-147. Among three varieties, seed quality parameters were significantly differed in yield and seed quality parameters. KKM-3 recorded the highest in growth and yield parameters viz., plant height at 30 DAS and 60 DAS (14.55 and 30.83 cm, respectively), number of nodules and number of branches per plant (28.43 and 6.65, respectively), number of pods per plant and pod yield per plant (g) (12.96 and 11.98, respectively), seed yield per plot (g) and seed yield (q/ha) (204.42 and 3.24, respectively) also, in seed quality parameters viz., number of seeds per pod and 100 seed weight (g) (11.67 and 3.93, respectively), total dehydrogenase activity (1.836) (A480nm) respectively) and protein (24.01%). But, highest germination (%), mean seedling dry weight (mg) and seedling vigor index-II were recorded in WGG-42 (96.07, 220 and 2111 respectively) and highest mean seedling length (cm) and seedling vigor index-I recorded (33.70 and 3046 respectively) in TRCRM-147. Among foliar treatments studied seed quality parameter were significantly differed. FeSO4 recorded the highest in growth and yield parameters viz., plant height at 30 DAS and 60 DAS (15.31 and 31.49 cm, respectively), number of nodules and number of branches per plant (32.10 and 12.83, respectively), number of pods per plant and pod yield per plant (g) (14.11 and 7.60, respectively), seed yield per plot (g) and seed yield (q/ha) (234.18 and 3.72, respectively) also, in seed quality parameters viz., 100 seed weight (4.16 g), mean seedling dry weight (220 mg), seedling vigor index-II (2049), total dehydrogenase activity (1.939) (A480nm) and protein (24.24%) But, ZnSO4 recorded highest in number of seeds per pod (12.09), germination (94.89%), mean seedling length (33.89 cm) and seedling vigor index-I (3217).
      PubDate: 2022-05-07
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030798
  • Impacts of Future Climate and Land use Change on Water Yield in Arpa

    • Authors: Shruti Verma, Dhiraj Khalkho, M. P. Tripathi
      Pages: 305 - 313
      Abstract: Studying the interaction between hydrology, land use, and climate change is necessary to support sustainable water resources management. In this study, we assessed the effects of both land use and predicted climate change on the Arpa Catchment water yield using the ArcSWAT model. The influence of changing climate on water yield was evaluated for different emission scenarios using CMIP6 Global Climate Models (GCM). Three GCM namely BCC-CSM2- MR, EC-Earth3-Veg and NorESM2-LM were ensemble and used for this study. Two ‘Shared Socioeconomic Pathways’ (SSP) scenarios (SSP.2_4.5, and SSP.5_8.5) were used for future climate prediction in the current study area. Land use land cover, meteorology and soil type data used as inputs to analyze the spatial and temporal pattern of water yield in the Arpa catchment from 1990 to 2020 and the impact of land use change on water yield in the basin simulated with ArcSWAT Model. Water yield compare to baseline scenario (1990) increased by 98.36 mm (18.48%) in decadal year 2000, increased by 144.51 mm (27.15%) in year 2010 and in decadal year 2020 water yield increased by 154.20 mm (28.98%). Climatic scenario (SSP2_4.5 and SSP5_8.5) changes in water components were simulated with ArcSWAT model. Model was run for three future time slices i.e. Near future (2030s), Mid future (2060s), and Far future (2090s). Water yield with reference to baseline period (646.02 mm) increased by 71.69% under SSP2_4.5 during 2090s. Similarly, under SSP5_8.5 water yield increased by 106.87% for the far future (2090s).
      PubDate: 2022-05-07
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030799
  • Redundancy of Respiratory Humidification & Dysfunction of Defence
           Mechanisms at Upper Airways of Large Number of People Due to Cumulative
           Adverse Effects of Climate Change -The Root Cause of the COVID-19 Outbreak

    • Authors: Makarand Anand Phadke. B. E. Mechanical
      Pages: 314 - 321
      Abstract: The COVID-19 has returned in the form of an outbreak of new variants. Viruses have evolved and accompanied mankind from times immemorial but seem to be increasingly threatening the survival of the human race especially in the last four decades. Various theories are available with respect to initial transmissions to humans yet none is endorsed in totality. At the same time climate change poses the greatest threat to human health and its effects are more pronounced in the last four decades than ever before. The purpose of this perspective is to establish scientifically a correlation between the outbreak of COVID-19 or its variants and climate change. This presentation is based on hitherto overlooked yet proven physics and engineering involved in the human respiratory humidification. Respiratory humidification is a uniquely evolved process of Natural Selection to withstand complex and dynamic environments. As COVID-19 is a respiratory viral disease, the gas exchange mechanism and human body’s normal temperature and alveolar air parameters are first explained to justify its uniqueness. A step by step review of physics and engineering involved in respiratory humidification is also done. It is then analyzed in context of Climate Change of a location and its impact on inspired air parameters. Based on Meteorological Data of Wuhan; the place of COVID-19 outbreak; it is established that the Climate Change resulted in redundancy of respiratory humidification and dysfunction of associated immune defence mechanisms of many inhabitants and facilitated viruses like SARS-CoV-2 an unchallenged access to the lungs. The outbreak of COVID-19 and subsequent pandemic was its outcome.
      PubDate: 2022-05-09
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030800
  • Assessment of Genetic Variability and Correlation for Floral, Yield and
           Yield Contributing Traits in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

    • Authors: T. Niharika, T. Srikanth, P. Madhukar, T. Yellagoud
      Pages: 322 - 331
      Abstract: Developing high yielding hybrid rice varieties is much needed to ensure food security to meet the requirement of increasing population across the world. Cytoplasmic male genetic sterility system is a valuable technology for exploitation of heterosis and production of high yielding hybrid rice with better grain quality. A total of forty rice genotypes comprising 20 maintainer and 20 restorer lines were evaluated to study the variability and correlation between floral, yield and yield contributing traits. High significant variation was observed among the genotypes for all the studied traits. Number of grains per panicle, 1000 grain weight and duration of spikelet opening recorded high GCV values and high heritability coupled with high genetic advance which indicated the broad genetic base, less environmental influence and these traits are under control of additive gene action. The correlation analysis among the traits were further studied. The duration of spikelet opening, plant height, number of productive tillers, stigma breadth expressed positive significant association along with positive direct effect on grain yield per plant indicated that selection for these traits will be effective in varietal development programme as well as exploring the gene pool.
      PubDate: 2022-05-09
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030801
  • An Economic Analysis of Okra Marketing in Siddipet District of Telangana

    • Authors: K. Sruthi Sai, Md. Ali Baba, R. Vijaya Kumari
      Pages: 332 - 337
      Abstract: Aim: The present study aims to analyse the marketing pattern of okra in Siddipet district of Telangana state. Study Design: Only primary data was used for carrying out the study and it pertained to the kharif season of the agricultural year 2019-20. 3 mandals were purposively selected from Siddipet district and from each mandal 2 villages were selected, thus making a total of 6 villages. From each village, 9 okra growers were randomly chosen to collect the primary data through personal interview. In addition, a sample of 7 wholesalers, 7 commission agents, 13 retailers were also chosen randomly for obtaining the data required for carrying out the present study. Methodology: Marketing costs, margins, producer’s net price, producer’s share in consumer’s rupee, price spread and marketing efficiency were computed to analyze the data. Results: Three channels were found for the marketing of the produce viz., Channel 1 (Producer – Consumer), Channel 2 (Producer – Retailer – Consumer) and Channel 3 (Producer – Commission agent – Wholesaler – Retailer – Consumer). Among the various identified channels, Channel 1 was found to be the efficient one with the highest marketing efficiency index of 21.22 followed by channel 2 and channel 3 with indices of 3.18 and 1.08 respectively. Conclusion: Reduction in the number of market intermediaries between producer and consumer could improve the efficiency of marketing of okra.
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030804
  • Status of Genomic Research in Non-basmati Aromatic Joha Rice of Assam

    • Authors: Nayanmoni Borah, Ramendra Nath Sarma, Vedant Vikrom Borah, Partha Pratim Behera
      Pages: 338 - 347
      Abstract: Many natively adapted, aromatic, and high-quality rice landraces can be found in NE India. Among the different classes of cultivated rice varieties, Assam has a distinctive scented rice variety known locally as 'joha,' which is particularly popular among the region's farmers. The aroma of joha rice is also thought to differ markedly from that of basmati rice. Genotype stability can be established through genetic variation. Thus, new disease resistant joha rice varieties are necessary to meet both domestic and worldwide demand. There is a need for conservation of this traditional aromatic joha rice germplasm which could be used in the future breeding programme for multiple disease resistance and grain and aroma quality traits improvement. The recent advancements in marker and genomics assisted breeding coupled with high-throughput genotyping and phenotyping enable the discovery of novel alleles and gene targets for the implementation of sustainable rice cultivars with improved grain aroma quality.
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030805
  • Deciphering the Genotype × Environment Interaction for Identification of
           Superior Genotypes of Mango (Mangifera indica L.) using Ammi Stability

    • Authors: K. Sai Krishna, Ram Kumar Chaudhary, Mahesh Kumar
      Pages: 348 - 358
      Abstract: Mango is one of India's most important commercially grown fruit crops with the greatest collection of varieties. Genotypes do not show the same response in all locations due to their interactions with the surrounding environment. Such interactions limit the breeding progress during the selection of superior genotypes. Multi-location trials are being carried out to study the behavior of genotypes in different environments. Genotype environment interaction is a major problem in selecting and recommending superior genotypes to cultivate crops. When we are dealing with perennial crops like Mango, this problem gets intensified because choosing unstable cultivars to plant in an orchard puts the farmers in a risky income situation for many years. In the present investigation, an attempt has been made to identify the high-yielding and stable genotypes of Mango by using AMMI stability measures. Data on sixteen genotypes of Mango tested across four locations viz., Rewa, Sabour, Sangareddy, and Vengurla in India over nine years is considered for the study. The present study concludes that the AMMI stability measures SIPC, AVAMGE, ASTAB, DA, MASV, MASI, ZA, ASV, and ASI are based on the biological concept of stability, and the stability measures DZ and EV are based on the agronomic concept of stability. Selection of mango genotypes based on the agronomic concept of stability will be recommended in favorable environments, while selection based on biological stability will be advised in unfavorable environments.
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030806
  • Effect of Slow-release Nitrogen Fertilizer and Foliar Spray of Nano Zinc
           on Growth and Yield of Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

    • Authors: Rahul Sharma, C. Umesha, Md Kaifee, Piyush Pushkar
      Pages: 359 - 363
      Abstract: A field experiment took place on Crop Research Farm at Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj (U.P) India during the Kharif season of 2021. The Soil of the experimental plot was sandy loam, having a nearly neutral soil reaction (pH 6.9), electrical conductivity 0.29 ds/m, available nitrogen (278.93 kg/ha), available phosphorous (10.8 kg/ha), and available potassium (206.4 kg/ha). The experiment was laid out in randomized block design (RBD) which consisted of nine treatment and replicated thrice viz., T1: Neem Coated Urea 80 kg/ha + Nano Zinc 0.5 g/l, T2: Neem Coated Urea 80 kg/ha + Nano Zinc 1.0 g/l, T3: Neem Coated Urea 80 kg/ha + Nano Zinc 1.5 g/l, T4: Neem Coated Urea 100 kg/ha + Nano Zinc 0.5 g/l, T5: Neem Coated Urea 100 kg/ha + Nano Zinc 1.0 g/l, T6: Neem Coated Urea 100 kg/ha + Nano Zinc 1.5 g/l, T7: Neem Coated Urea 120 kg/ha + Nano Zinc 0.5 g/l, T8: Neem Coated Urea 120 kg/ha + Nano Zinc 1.0 g/l and T9: Neem Coated Urea 120 kg/ha + Nano Zinc 1.5 g/l. The result of the experiment showed that growth parameters viz., plant height (88.41 cm), number of tillers/hill (14.78) and plant dry weight (85.81 g) were significantly increased when the increase in the levels of Neem coated urea + Nano zinc and maximum was obtained with the application of Neem coated urea 120 kg/ha + Nano zinc 1.5 g/l (T9) and yield attributes viz., number of effective tillers/m2 (311.29), number of grains/panicle (97.35), grain yield (5.48 t/ha) and straw yield (11.45 t/ha) were also recorded maximum in treatment Neem coated urea 120kg/ha + Nano zinc 1.5 g/l (T9).
      PubDate: 2022-05-11
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030807
  • Growth and Yield Parameters of Black Mustard (Brassica nigra L.) under
           Organic Manures and Different Spacing

    • Authors: Pulibandla Avinash, Shikha Singh, . Manjula, Mode Girish Kumar, Peruru Sasidhar
      Pages: 364 - 370
      Abstract: A field experiment was conducted during Rabi 2021 at Crop Research Farm, Department of Agronomy, SHUATS, Prayagraj (U.P). The soil of experimental plot was sandy loam in texture, nearly neutral in soil reaction (pH 7.1), low in organic carbon (0.36 %), available N (171.48 kg/ha), available P (15.2 kg/ha) and available K (232.5 kg/ha). The experiment was laid out in Randomized Block Design with nine treatments each replicated thrice on the basis of one year experimentation. The treatments which are T1: FYM @ 10 t/ha + 20 x 10 cm, T2: FYM @ 10 t/ha + 30 x 10 cm, T3: FYM @ 10 t/ha + 40 x 10 cm, T4: Poultry Manure @ 4 t/ha + 20 x 10 cm, T5: Poultry Manure @ 4 t/ha + 30 x 10 cm, T6: Poultry Manure @ 4 t/ha + 40 x 10 cm, T7: Vermicompost @ 5 t/ha + 20 x 10 cm, T8Vermicompost @ 5 t/ha + 30 x 10 cm, T9: Vermicompost @ 5 t/ha + 40 x 10 cm. The results showed that application of Poultry Manure @ 4 t/ha + 30 x 10 cm recorded significantly higher plant height (134.04 cm), No. of Branches/plant (9.77), Plant dry weight (21.16 g/plant), Crop growth rate (5.16 g/m2/day), Siliqae/plant (174.74), Seeds/siliquae (33.19), Test weight (3.22 g), Seed yield (1749.38 kg/ha), Stover yield (3209.05 kg/ha), gross returns (Rs.96215.90/ha), net return (Rs.65210.90/ha) and benefit cost ratio (2.10) as compared to other treatments.
      PubDate: 2022-05-12
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030809
  • Local Perception of Climate Variability as a Guide to Weather Forecasting
           and Farmer Decision Making in Beaniky and Antseky Ambovombe – Androy,

    • Authors: Rasolondraizafy Jean Fidison, Razafindraibe Rolland, Ranaivoson Rado Elysé
      Pages: 371 - 389
      Abstract: Showing the reality of climate change at the spatiotemporal scale and understanding its meanings based on readings of local indicators is fundamental knowledge for developing various adaptation strategies in Androy. Specifically, it made an inventory of the biophysical indicators used in decision making on the agricultural calendars. It also characterized the perceptions of the inhabitants on climate change impacts through determining the type of local indicators linked on weather forecasting.The ethnographic field study was conducted with 44 respondents who had not left the localities in the past 10 years and were selected by purposive sampling. Data was further analyzed qualitatively by content analysis given the prevalent use of Likert and Osgood type scales analyses. The data were collected on indigenous perceptions and knowledge of climate, types of indicators and their functioning. The findings showed that 93% of the participants perceived the reality of climate variability. This change exposed the farmers to negatives impacts (100%). Local people possessed high level of climate knowledge (61%) from which they identified main 27 local time markers in the zone of Ambovombe -Androy. This diversity implies that the populations rely mainly on the plant, animal and abiotical indicators present in their immediate environment to direct and adapt their agricultural activities/calendars.
      PubDate: 2022-05-12
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030810
  • Biofortification of Rice to Augment Iron Availability for Better Health of

    • Authors: Ritu Saini, Harnek Singh Saini, Sunita Verma, Ajay Verma
      Pages: 390 - 404
      Abstract: Aim: Rice is one of the largely consumed cereal and masses have been expressed anemia conditions. Iron augmentation of rice varieties had been carried out by agronomical biofortification as established an easy way to reach the poor rural masses for enhancing the concentration of particular minerals. Methodology: Six rice varieties were evaluated during kharif in the net houses of the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, CCS HAU augmented with 0 mM 0.1m 0.5 mM Ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA-Fe(II)). Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) related metabolites along antioxidative metabolites were estimated in grains, upper shoots & lower shoots. Results: Roots of HBC19 and Palman579 and lower and upper shoots of PUSA1121 contained higher iron. Highest iron in dehusked grains was recorded in Palman579 followed by HBC19, PUSA1121, HKR120, Super and Govind. Production of toxic super oxide radical (O2- ) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and lipid peroxidation (MDA),  enhanced in all the varieties with increase in Fe concentration. Antioxidative metabolites’ contents (ascorbic acid and glutathione) and activities of antioxidative enzymes [super oxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POX), ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and glutathione reductase (GR)] invariably increased with increasing iron treatment in both root and shoot. Interpretation: Less accumulation of reactive oxygen species along with the gradual increase in antioxidative metabolites’ contents and enzymes’ activities at higher iron treatments suggest that a better ROS scavenging ability to restrict the damage to cellular membranes due to lipid peroxidation may be responsible for the adaptation of these varieties at high iron levels.
      PubDate: 2022-05-12
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030811
  • A Study on Awareness of Farmers about Agri Waste Management Practices in
           Medak District of Telangana

    • Authors: G. Ravi, B. Savitha, M. Sreenivasulu, G. E. Ch. Vidyasagar
      Pages: 405 - 412
      Abstract:   Agriculture wastes are the residuals from the growing agriculture crops horticulture and livestock. This paper focused on study on level of awareness of the respondents about agri waste management practices and its relationship with the profile of the farmers.. The Ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. Thus a total of 120 respondents were selected by following simple random sampling method covering Medak district of Telangana state. From the analysis,it was found that majority of the farmers (55.00%) had high level of awareness, followed by medium (27.50%), and low (17.50%) level of awareness about agri waste management practices. From the analysis, it was found that infrastructure facilities and achievement motivation had positive and significant relationship with awareness at one percent level of significance. The variables age, education, farm size, farming experience, cropping pattern, innovativeness, information seeking behavior and training undergone had positive and significant relationship with awareness at five per cent level of significance. However cropping intensity and level of aspiration had positive and non-significant relationship with level of awareness about agri waste management practices. Government should provide subsidy on the purchase of machinery, special programmes need be to taken to improve awareness about agri waste management and encourage custom hiring centers to reach high cost technologies to the farners. Agri waste based communities need to be developed at ground level for the adoption and dissemination of agri waste management practices.    
      PubDate: 2022-05-13
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030812
  • Studies on Response of Common Hyacinth (Hyacinthus orientalis L.) to
           Scooping Technique of Propagation on Propagule Formation

    • Authors: Nasir Hamid Masoodi, Qazi Altaf Hussain, I. T. Nazki, . Nelofar, M. Nayeem Sofi
      Pages: 413 - 418
      Abstract:   An investigation on propagation through scooping in different cultivars of Hyacinth viz.Purple Sensation, Yellow Stone, Purple Star, Fondant, Gipsy Queen and Aladdin was carried out in the Division of Floriculture and Landscape Architecture SKUAST K, Shalimar Srinagar during 2019-20 with an objective to study response to scooping technique and propagule ratio. Results depicts minimum days for sectioning after incubation (36.00 days), visible bud formation days (46.50) ,days to bud development (84.50 ) resulted with cultivar Yellow stone. Further maximum no of bulbils per bulb(18.90), bulbil diameter(9.95mm), bud length(2.93 cm) and bud weight(0.38 g) after incubation resulted in cultivar yellow stone where as maximum days for sectioning after incubation (47.50 days), visible bud formation days (68.00 days), days to bud development (100.50days) and minimum values for no of bulbils per bulb(13.20), bulbil diameter(8.25mm), bud length(2.33 cm) and bud weight(0.21 g) after incubation resulted in cultivar Gipsy queen. Response of different cultivars to scooping for propagule ratio showed significant variation.    
      PubDate: 2022-05-13
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030813
  • Evaluating the Suitability of System of Rice Intensification Practices for
           Enhancing Rice and Water Productivity in Semi-Arid Environment, Tamil
           Nadu, India

    • Authors: Jeevanand Palanisamy, V. Geethalakshmi, S. P. Ramanathan, A. Senthil, . Balajikannan
      Pages: 419 - 424
      Abstract:   In the world of rapid change in climate, irregular rainfall pattern tends to pose serious impact on water availability for agriculture. Rice is one of the important food crops to get affected by the low water availability because of its high water requirement. Various techniques were used in the past to mitigate low water availability and increase productivity but most techniques will improve one aspect at the expense of the other. System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is being tried by many countries with several modifications based on their priorities, with the aim of enhancing productivity besides reducing the water demand for rice cultivation.  It is essential to have more insight into the individual and compounding effect of multiple components of SRI on yield, and water productivity of rice for identifying the potential and suitable SRI practices. Investigating the influence of different practices of SRI viz., planting of young and single seedlings per hill in wider spacing, water saving irrigation like Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD), and weed control using cono-weeders on rice using the data obtained from the field experiment carried out during 2021 in Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India. Water productivity of rice plants under SRI were compared with conventional practices. The results revealed that plants grown with complete SRI practices had increased water productivity by 0.25 kg grain/m3 of water which is almost twice that of conventional cultivation system. The yield obtained in SRI treatments was higher about 39% than conventional treatments. The total water savings were 20 % higher in AWD treatments than continuous flooding treatments.    
      PubDate: 2022-05-13
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030814
  • Effect of Biofertilizer and Organic Manure on Growth and Yield of Pearl
           Millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.)

    • Authors: Kali Susmitha, C. Umesha, Shahazad Ahmed Khan
      Pages: 425 - 431
      Abstract:   A field experiment was conducted during Kharif season of 2021, at crop research farm of Department of Agronomy at Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj in North Eastern plains of Eastern Uttar Pradesh. The objective of the research study was to determine the effect of Bio fertilizer and Organic manure on growth and yield of Pearl millet under Randomized block design comprising of 9 treatments of which treatments with different combination of Rhizobium and VAM along with Organic manure like FYM and Vermicompost which were replicated thrice. The experimental results revealed that plant height (201.20 cm) and plant dry weight (50.05 g) were recorded significantly (P<0.05) highest in treatment Rhizobium @ 5 g/kg + VAM @ 5g/kg + FYM @ 2.5 t/ha + Vermicompost @ 2.5 t/ha. The highest number of ears/hill (2.43), number of grains/ear head (2157.33), grain yield (1973.00 Kg/ha), straw yield (3920 kg/ha) and harvest index (41.32%) were recorded with treatment Rhizobium @ 5 g/kg + VAM @ 5g/kg + FYM @ 2.5 t/ha + Vermicompost @ 2.5 t/ha.    
      PubDate: 2022-05-13
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030815
  • Association and Path Studies in Maize Over Southern Aravalli Regions of

    • Authors: Ravi Kumawat, Amit Dadheech, Heera Lal Barupal, Amit Kumar, Mukesh Kumar Yadav
      Pages: 432 - 437
      Abstract: The environment highly influences a complex trait such as grain yield and indirect selection through component traits would be an advisable strategy to increase the selection efficiency. The 45 F1s and their 18 parents and 2 checks were evaluated in three environments viz., E1, E2 and E3 in RBD design with three replications to assess the correlation among the yield components and direct and indirect effects of yield components on grain yield. The association analysis among the eleven traits revealed that the traits days to 50 per cent silking, plant height, ear height, ear length, ear girth, grain rows per ear, 100-grain weight and harvest index had showed positive and significant correlation with grain yield per plant. The perusal of the path coefficient analysis revealed that the maximum direct positive effect was depicted by the harvest index followed by the traits ear height, grain rows per ear, days to 50 per cent silking, 100-grain weight, days to 75 per cent brown husk, ear girth and plant height.
      PubDate: 2022-05-14
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030816
  • Genotype x Environment Interaction and Stability Analysis in Maize across
           the Southern Aravalli Ranges of Rajasthan

    • Authors: Ravi Kumawat, Amit Dadheech, Heera Lal Barupal
      Pages: 438 - 448
      Abstract: Crop production is the function of genotype, environment and their interaction (GEI) and evaluation of genotypes in multi environments helps to identify their adaptation and stability. The 45 hybrids along with their 18 parents and two check cultivars were evaluated in three environments viz., E1 (Kharif-2019, Instructional Farm, RCA, Udaipur), E2 (Kharif -2019, Agriculture Research Sub-Station, Vallabhnagar, Udaipur) and E3 (Rabi-2019-2020, Instructional Farm, RCA, Udaipur) in randomized block design with three replications at each environment to assess the phenotypic stability of genotypes by using Eberhart and Russel (1968). The mean squares due to genotypes and environments were found significant for all the traits under study indicated inherent genetic differences among the genotypes. The G x E (linear) interaction was found significant for most of the traits under study The mean squares due to pooled deviation were found non-significant for all the traits indicated major portion of the genotype x environment interaction was formed by predictable portion. The majority of the hybrids depicted non-significant deviations from regression (S2di) for grain yield per plant indicated their predictable response across the environments. A great majority of genotypes revealed non-significant non-linear estimates (S2di) for different traits under the study indicated the prediction of stability was more or less accurate and reliable. The top three hybrids suitable for all environments (bi≈1) were EI-2653 x EI-102, EI-2639 x EI-670 and EI-2505 x EI-102 with non-significant S2di values. The hybrids EI-2176-3 x EI-03 (bi<1) EI-2525-2 x EI-03 (bi>1) and EI-2159 x EI-670 (bi>1) out yielded the best check cultivar CC-1. Thus, these hybrids may be used in future breeding programmes of maize after further multi location yield testing.
      PubDate: 2022-05-14
      DOI: 10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1030817
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