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  Subjects -> METEOROLOGY (Total: 112 journals)
Showing 1 - 36 of 36 Journals sorted by number of followers
Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 199)
Nature Climate Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 134)
Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
Atmospheric Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Atmospheric Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Climatic Change     Open Access   (Followers: 66)
Journal of Climate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP)     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
Climate Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Climate Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Nature Reports Climate Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Atmospheric Science Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Monthly Weather Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
International Journal of Climatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
American Journal of Climate Change     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Advances in Climate Change Research     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Boundary-Layer Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Hydrology and Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Developments in Atmospheric Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Weather and Forecasting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
The Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Climate Change Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Atmosphere     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Space Weather     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Energy & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Atmospheric Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Tellus A     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Tellus B     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Weather     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Global Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Weather and Climate Extremes     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Climate Resilience and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Atmosphere-Ocean     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions (ACPD)     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Meteorology and Climate Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Theoretical and Applied Climatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Climate Change Responses     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Hydrometeorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Environmental Dynamics and Global Climate Change     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Current Climate Change Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Climate Change Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Statistical Climatology, Meteorology and Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Modern Hydrology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Climate Risk Management     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Mathematics of Climate and Weather Forecasting     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Climate Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Change and Adaptation in Socio-Ecological Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
The Cryosphere (TC)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Environment and Climate Change     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Climate of the Past (CP)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Urban Climate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Environmental and Climate Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Climate and Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
The Cryosphere Discussions (TCD)     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Carbon Balance and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Weatherwise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Meteorological Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Russian Meteorology and Hydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Meteorologische Zeitschrift     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
npj Climate and Atmospheric Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atmospheric Environment : X     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Climate Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Economics of Disasters and Climate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencia, Ambiente y Clima     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Climatology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atmósfera     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Climate Services     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open Atmospheric Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
GeoHazards     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Weather Modification     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Meteorological Monographs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Image and Data Fusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Meteorologica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Climate Summary of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
气候与环境研究     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Meteorological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Atmospheric Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Michigan Journal of Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tropical Cyclone Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Biometeorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Modeling Earth Systems and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mediterranean Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Large Marine Ecosystems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Weather and Climate Dynamics     Open Access  
Journal of Agricultural Meteorology     Open Access  
Nīvār     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Bioeconomía y Cambio Climático     Open Access  
Mètode Science Studies Journal : Annual Review     Open Access  
Earth Perspectives - Transdisciplinarity Enabled     Open Access  
Climate of the Past Discussions (CPD)     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Meteorologia     Open Access  
Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica     Hybrid Journal  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Economics of Disasters and Climate Change
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2511-1280 - ISSN (Online) 2511-1299
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2657 journals]
  • Children in Monetary Poor Households: Baseline and COVID-19 Impact for
           2020 and 2021
    • Abstract: The impact of the global economic crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic will not affect all children equally: those in poorer households and children who are disadvantaged face the most serious consequences. As parents lose their jobs and incomes, the impact on children living in impoverished households must be measured. In this article, we assess the economic consequences of the pandemic on these children. Given that poorer families have a larger number of children than other families, the analysis first establishes the proportion of children living in monetary poor households, as defined by national standards, across developing countries. Then, using historical changes and trends of income distribution per country, the latest projections about economic decline due to the pandemic, and demographic information about the distribution of children by deciles, we estimate the expected increase in the number of children in monetary poor households in developing countries as of end of 2020 to be an additional 122–144 million and, at best, a moderate decline in these numbers by end of 2021.
      PubDate: 2021-05-11
       
  • Assessing the Optimality of a COVID Lockdown in the United States
    • Abstract: Though COVID vaccines have been available since December 2020, the rate at which they are administered remains slow, and in the meantime the pandemic continues to claim about as many lives every day as the 9/11 tragedy. I estimate that with the promised rate of vaccinations, if no additional non-pharmaceutical interventions are implemented, 203 thousand additional lives will be lost and the future cost of the pandemic will reach $1.3 trillion, or 6% of GDP. Using a cost-benefit analysis, I assess whether it is optimal for the United States to follow the lead of many European countries and introduce a nation-wide lockdown. I find that a lockdown would be indeed optimal and, depending on the assumptions, it should last between two and four weeks and will generate a net benefit of up to $653 billion.
      PubDate: 2021-05-08
       
  • The Economics of Volcanoes
    • Abstract: Volcanic hazards pose a potential threat to 8% of the world’s population, yet the economic literature on their short- and long-term consequences on household behavior and economic development is still in its infancy. In this article, we present the state of the literature and highlight knowledge gaps and methodological challenges inherent to the economic analysis of volcanic hazards and disasters. We first present the physical aspects of volcanic activity and describe available physical data. We then examine the concepts related to cost assessment of volcanic disasters. Finally, we discuss key micro and macroeconomic research questions economists should investigate and identify relevant methodological and data challenges. By highlighting research gaps in the “economics of volcanoes”, we provide future avenues of research that will address policy-relevant debates in the context of greater focus on risk mitigation, adaptation, and resilience policies aimed at mitigating natural hazards and disasters.
      PubDate: 2021-04-20
       
  • The Distributional Impact of Climate Change: Why Food Prices Matter
    • Abstract: We analyze the impact of agricultural productivity losses stemming from climate change in an economy without frictions. The first-order GDP impacts are expected to be small. But the poor have higher food budget shares and food prices will rise. How do distributional impacts diverge from the GDP impact' This is the question that is addressed. The paper considers two major sets of comparative statics: the effect of trade and the effect of economic growth. The model is calibrated to Indian data of 2009 and projections for 2030. The percentage loss of income for the landless is six times the GDP impact in a closed economy. Trade halves this effect and economic growth moderates it substantially. Despite the food price rise, nearly all farmers lose from climate change. The model is simple enough for impact channels to be transparent.
      PubDate: 2021-04-02
       
  • Hurricane Sandy: Damages, Disruptions and Pathways to Recovery
    • Abstract: Critical infrastructure and public utility systems are often severely damaged by natural disasters like hurricanes. Based on a framework of household disaster resilience, this paper focuses on the role of utility disruption on household-level recovery in the context of Hurricane Sandy. Using data collected through a two-stage household survey, it first confirms that the sample selection bias is not present, thus the responses can be estimated sequentially. Second, it quantitatively examines factors contributing to hurricane-induced property damages and household-level recovery. The finding suggests that respondents who suffered from a longer period of utility disruptions (e.g., electricity, water, gas, phone/cell phone, public transportation) are more likely to incur monetary losses and have more difficulty in recovering. Effective preparedness activities (e.g., installing window protections, having an electric generator) can have positive results in reducing adverse shocks. Respondents with past hurricane experiences and higher educational attainments are found to be more resilient compared to others. Finally, the paper discusses the implications of the findings on effective preparation and mitigation strategies for future disasters.
      PubDate: 2021-03-22
       
  • Drought and Property Prices: Empirical Evidence from Provinces of Iran
    • Abstract: This study examines the effect of drought on housing and residential land prices in Iran. Using panel data covering the 2006–2015 period for 31 provinces of Iran and applying a dynamic system and the difference Generalized Methods of Moments (GMM) methods, we find that an increase in the balance of water (reducing the severity of drought) within provinces has a positive effect on property prices. Our results are robust, controlling for province fixed effects, time trend, and a set of control variables that may affect property prices.
      PubDate: 2020-12-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s41885-020-00081-0
       
  • The Impacts of the Coronavirus on the Economy of the United States
    • Abstract: We present a formal analysis of the macroeconomic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic in the U.S., China and the rest of the world. Given the uncertainty regarding the severity and time-path of the infections and related conditions, we examine three scenarios, ranging from a relatively moderate event to a disaster. The study considers a comprehensive list of causal factors affecting the impacts, including: mandatory closures and the gradual re-opening process; decline in workforce due to morbidity, mortality and avoidance behavior; increased demand for health care; decreased demand for public transportation and leisure activities; potential resilience through telework; increased demand for communication services; and increased pent-up demand. We apply a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, a state-of-the-art economy-wide modeling technique. It traces the broader economic ramifications of individual responses of producers and consumers through supply chains both within and across countries. We project that the net U.S. GDP losses from COVID-19 would range from $3.2 trillion (14.8%) to $4.8 trillion (23.0%) in a 2-year period for the three scenarios. U.S. impacts are estimated to be higher than those for China and the ROW in percentage terms. The major factor affecting the results in all three scenarios is the combination of Mandatory Closures and Partial Reopenings of businesses. These alone would have resulted in a 22.3% to 60.6% decrease in U.S. GDP across the scenarios. Pent-up Demand, generated from the inability to spend during the Closures/Reopenings, is the second most influential factor, significantly offsetting the overall negative impacts.
      PubDate: 2020-12-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s41885-020-00080-1
       
  • COVID-19: The impact of social distancing policies, cross-country analysis
    • Abstract: At the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic a large number of countries introduced a range of non-pharmaceutical interventions. Whereas the policies are similar across countries, country characteristics vary substantially. We examine the effectiveness of such policies using a cross-country variation in socio-economic, environmental and geographic, and health system dimensions. The effectiveness of policies that prescribe closures of schools and workplaces is declining with population density, country surface area, employment rate and proportion of elderly in the population; and increasing with GDP per capita and health expenditure. Cross-country human mobility data reinforce some of these results. We argue that the findings can be explained by behavioural response to risk perceptions and resource constraints. Voluntary practice of social distancing might be less prevalent in communities with lower perceived risk, associated with better access to health care and smaller proportion of elderly population. Higher population density, larger geographical area, and higher employment rate may require more resources to ensure compliance with lockdown policies.
      PubDate: 2020-10-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s41885-020-00076-x
       
  • The Impact of Climate Change on Rice Production in Nepal
    • Abstract: Using panel data from Nepal Living Standard Surveys (NLSSs) from 2003 and 2010, this study investigates the impact of climate change on rice production in Nepal. Specifically, we use stochastic frontier model and incorporate both technical inefficiency and spatial filtering technique to estimate the impact of increases in average and extreme rainfall and temperatures on annual rice production. Our central finding is that a 1°C increase in average summer temperature results in a 4183 kg reduction in rice production. However, we find no evidence of such impact for increases in extreme temperature days. On the other hand, although we do not find a direct link between increases in average monsoon rainfall and rice production, our results show that extreme rainfall variation hurts productivity. Moreover, we find that a large majority of agricultural households in rural Nepal practice technically inefficient production methods. Households in districts with higher road and river densities are more technically efficient despite climate challenges, which suggests that improved irrigation and market access are needed for climate adaptation.
      PubDate: 2020-10-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s41885-020-00079-8
       
  • Projection of the Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Welfare of
           Remittance-Dependent Households in the Philippines
    • Abstract: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is inevitably affecting remittance-dependent countries through economic downturns in the destination countries, and restrictions on travel and sending remittances to their home country. We explore the potential impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the welfare of remittance-dependent households using a dataset collected in the Philippines prior to the outbreak. First, we confirm that remittances are associated with welfare of households, particularly for those whose head is male or lower educated. Then, we use the revision of the 2020 GDP projections before and after the COVID-19 crisis to gauge potential impacts on households caused by the pandemic. We find that remittance inflow will decrease by 14–20% and household spending per capita will decline by 1–2% (food expenditure per capita by 2–3%) in one year as a result of the pandemic.
      PubDate: 2020-09-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s41885-020-00078-9
       
  • COVID-19 with Stigma: Theory and Evidence from Mobility Data
    • Abstract: This study conducts both theoretical and empirical analyses of how non-legally-binding COVID-19 policies affect people’s going-out behavior. The theoretical analysis assumes that under a declared state of emergency, the individual going out suffers psychological costs arising from both the risk of infection and the stigma of going out. Our hypothesis states that under a declared state of emergency people refrain from going out because it entails a strong psychological cost. Then, this study estimates a model using regional mobility data and emergency declarations data to analyze self-restraint behavior under a non-legally binding emergency declaration. The results show that, compared with before the declaration of the state of emergency, going-out behavior was suppressed under the state of emergency and after it was lifted even when going out did not result in penalties, which is consistent with the theoretical analysis.
      PubDate: 2020-09-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s41885-020-00077-w
       
  • Accounting for Global COVID-19 Diffusion Patterns, January–April
           2020
    • Abstract: Key factors in modeling a pandemic and guiding policy-making include mortality rates associated with infections; the ability of government policies, medical systems, and society to adapt to the changing dynamics of a pandemic; and institutional and demographic characteristics affecting citizens’ perceptions and behavioral responses to stringent policies. This paper traces the cross-country associations between COVID-19 mortality, policy interventions aimed at limiting social contact, and their interactions with institutional and demographic characteristics. We document that, with a lag, more stringent pandemic policies were associated with lower mortality growth rates. The association between stricter pandemic policies and lower future mortality growth is more pronounced in countries with a greater proportion of the elderly population and urban population, greater democratic freedoms, and larger international travel flows. Countries with greater policy stringency in place prior to the first death realized lower peak mortality rates and exhibited lower durations to the first mortality peak. In contrast, countries with higher initial mobility saw higher peak mortality rates in the first phase of the pandemic, and countries with a larger elderly population, a greater share of employees in vulnerable occupations, and a higher level of democracy took longer to reach their peak mortalities. Our results suggest that policy interventions are effective at slowing the geometric pattern of mortality growth, reducing the peak mortality, and shortening the duration to the first peak. We also shed light on the importance of institutional and demographic characteristics in guiding policy-making for future waves of the pandemic.
      PubDate: 2020-09-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s41885-020-00071-2
       
  • It’s Awful, Why Did Nobody See it Coming'
    • PubDate: 2020-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41885-020-00075-y
       
  • Short-, Medium-, and Long-Term Growth Impacts of Catastrophic and
           Non-catastrophic Natural Disasters
    • Abstract: Using disaster data from 1960, this paper examines the effects of natural disasters on economic growth. The analysis considers disaster effects by combining the following four dimensions: 1) short-, medium-, and long-term impacts, 2) disaster severity, categorized as catastrophic (CAT) or non-catastrophic (NCAT), 3) disaster type: hydro-meteorological, geophysical, and other specific disaster types, and 4) four income groups. The results show that the impacts of a disaster event on economic growth vary depending on the time frame, severity, disaster type, and income level. Overall, CAT disasters have negative impacts regardless of the time frame, while NCAT disasters may have positive impacts depending on the disaster type. The results also indicate that economic growth in lower-middle-income countries is most sensitive to natural disasters, but developed countries also experience negative impacts from CAT disasters.
      PubDate: 2020-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41885-020-00074-z
       
  • Does Stringency of Lockdown Affect Air Quality' Evidence from Indian
           Cities
    • Abstract: The precipitous spread of COVID-19 has created a conflict between human health and economic well-being. To contain the spread of its contagious effect, India imposed a stringent lockdown, and then the stringency was relaxed to some extent in its succeeding phases. We measure social benefits of the lockdown in terms of improved air quality in Indian cities by quantifying the effects with city-specific slope coefficients. We find that the containment measures have resulted in improvement in air quality, but it is not uniform across cities and across pollutants. The level of PM2.5 decreases from about 6 to 25% in many cities. Moreover, we observe that partial relaxations do not help in resuming economic and social activities. It should also be noted that counter-virus measures could not bring levels of the emissions to WHO standards; it highlights the importance of role of green production and consumption activities.
      PubDate: 2020-08-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s41885-020-00072-1
       
  • Understanding the Impact Dynamics of Windstorms on Short-Term Economic
           Activity from Night Lights in Central America
    • Abstract: Central America is particularly prone to tropical storms and hurricanes. The prevailing conditions of poverty and socioeconomic inequality in most countries of the region, along with growing urban agglomerations, make their exposed population especially vulnerable to those extreme weather events. This paper quantifies the causal effects of hurricane windstorms on economic growth using night lights in the Central America region at the highest spatial resolution data available (1 km2). The paper uses a unique data set of monthly night light imageries to capture the temporal disaggregation of hurricane impacts on short-term economic activity. Hurricanes in Central America are often localized events and tend to make landfall during the final months of the year that are better captured through monthly –rather than yearly– frequency data. The results suggest that major hurricanes show negative effects up to 12 months after the hurricane strikes (between −2.6 to −3.9% in income growth at the local level). After that, the analysis finds positive effects during the second year and the first half of the third year as evidence of post-disaster recovery (from 2.5 to 3.6% in income growth). The paper contributes to the literature on natural disasters by providing robust estimates of the causal effects of major hurricane windstorms on Central America, which are negative (in the short term) and positive (two years after hurricanes hit).
      PubDate: 2020-08-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s41885-020-00068-x
       
  • The Impact of Hurricanes on Trade and Welfare: Evidence from US Port-level
           Exports
    • Abstract: Hurricanes cause extensive damage and disruption to ports and coastal infrastructure. However, the overall economic consequences of these storms are not necessarily limited to coastal regions. This paper analyzes the indirect effect of hurricanes on trade by considering the connections between affected and unaffected regions through the reliance on coastal ports. The analysis takes advantage of the exogenous variation in hurricane wind speeds at US customs ports to estimate how hurricane activity influences exports shipments originating in unaffected US states. The findings demonstrate that hurricanes have a severe negative impact on bilateral trade flows. For example, a Category 1 storm hitting a port has a similar effect on exports from unaffected US states as a 4% ad valorem tariff. These port-level disruptions aggregate up to broader trade frictions between US states and importing countries through price indices. The empirical estimates and the structure of the theoretical model are used to evaluate counterfactual hurricane scenarios. For example, foreign importers would have been willing to pay over $4 billion to have avoided the additional trade frictions caused by the 2005 hurricane season. Overall, the results shed light on the role of transportation networks in propagating the potential impacts of stronger hurricanes due to climate change.
      PubDate: 2020-07-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s41885-020-00067-y
       
  • Impact of COVID-19 on the Economic Output of the US Outbreak’s
           Epicenter
    • Abstract: Coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) started in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. In a few months, it has become a pandemic with devastating consequences for the global economy. By the end of June, with almost 2.6 million confirmed COVID-19 cases, United States is above other countries in the rankings. Furthermore, New York with more than 416 thousand cases is the epicenter of outbreak in the US and had more cases than any other countries in the world until first half of June. In this paper, we use a two-step Vector Auto Regressive (VAR) model to forecast the effect of the virus outbreak on the economic output of the New York state. In our model, we forecast the effect of the shutdown on New York’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) working with Unemployment Insurance Claim series representing a workforce factor, as well as the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) ridership data indicating the economic activity. We predict annualized quarterly growth rate of real GDP to be between -3.99 to -4.299% for the first quarter and between -19.79 to -21.67% for the second quarter of 2020.
      PubDate: 2020-07-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s41885-020-00069-w
       
  • The Heterogeneous Impact of Post-Disaster Subsidies on Small and Medium
           Firms
    • Abstract: This paper examines the effect of Group Subsidy, which is a post-disaster subsidy for restoring and repairing facilities destroyed by great disasters, on the recovery of Japanese small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) following the Great East Japan Earthquake. Group Subsidy was introduced in 2011 and continues to be reapplied in Japan. To assess the impact of this relatively new policy, we use rich firm-level data for firms in Japan that include information on supply-chain ties among them. Our estimates based on propensity score matching show that the subsidy was effective for the recovery of the performance of SMEs in the retail, manufacturing, construction, and energy sectors. However, the positive effect of the subsidy is largely reduced if the SMEs have links outside the disaster areas, except for firms in the construction and energy sector. In the service and wholesale sector, we find no significant difference between the recovery of SMEs with and without the subsidy.
      PubDate: 2020-06-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s41885-020-00065-0
       
  • Ex-Post Coping Responses and Post-Disaster Resilience: a Case from the
           2015 Nepal Earthquake
    • Abstract: Using primary data gathered from a field survey in Sindhupalchowk, Nepal following the 7.8 magnitude earthquake in 2015, this paper investigates the role that households’ ex-post coping responses play in their economic and psychosocial recovery after disasters. For empirical estimation, we use a full-information multi-equation system and allow for contemporaneous correlation across equations to account for the processes that influence households’ responses. We find that financial access and labor adjustment opportunities increase the likelihood of higher economic resilience. On the other hand, while the adoption of financial coping strategies contributes to higher psychosocial resilience, we find that labor adjustment choices may disrupt family and social dynamics, thereby decreasing psychosocial resilience. Based on these findings, we argue that top-down post-disaster policy approaches face challenges in identifying tradeoffs across different aspects of wellbeing. Our findings underscore the importance of mobilizing local institutions and expanding market and non-market alternatives for post-disaster recovery.
      PubDate: 2020-05-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s41885-020-00064-1
       
 
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