A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

  Subjects -> METEOROLOGY (Total: 106 journals)
The end of the list has been reached or no journals were found for your choice.
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Weather and Climate Dynamics
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2698-4008 - ISSN (Online) 2698-4016
Published by Copernicus Publications Homepage  [54 journals]
  • Can low-resolution CMIP6 ScenarioMIP models provide insight into future
           European post-tropical-cyclone risk'

    • Abstract: Can low-resolution CMIP6 ScenarioMIP models provide insight into future European post-tropical-cyclone risk'
      Elliott Michael Sainsbury, Reinhard K. H. Schiemann, Kevin I. Hodges, Alexander J. Baker, Len C. Shaffrey, Kieran T. Bhatia, and Stella Bourdin
      Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 1359–1379, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1359-2022, 2022
      Post-tropical cyclones (PTCs) can bring severe weather to Europe. By tracking and identifying PTCs in five global climate models, we investigate how the frequency and intensity of PTCs may change across Europe by 2100. We find no robust change in the frequency or intensity of Europe-impacting PTCs in the future. This study indicates that large uncertainties surround future Europe-impacting PTCs and provides a framework for evaluating PTCs in future generations of climate models.
      PubDate: Thu, 24 Nov 2022 15:48:49 +010
      DOI: 10.5194/wcd-3-1359-2022 2022

       
  • Non-linear intensification of monsoon low-pressure systems by the BSISO

    • Abstract: Non-linear intensification of monsoon low-pressure systems by the BSISO
      Kieran M. R. Hunt and Andrew G. Turner
      Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 1341–1358, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1341-2022, 2022
      More than half of India's summer monsoon rainfall arises from low-pressure systems: storms originating over the Bay of Bengal. In observation-based data, we examine how the generation and pathway of these storms are changed by the boreal summer intraseasonal oscillation – the chief means of large-scale control on the monsoon at timescales of a few weeks. Our study offers new insights for useful prediction of these storms, important for both water resources planning and disaster early warning.
      PubDate: Fri, 18 Nov 2022 10:55:26 +010
      DOI: 10.5194/wcd-3-1341-2022 2022

       
  • Stratospheric influence on the winter North Atlantic storm track in
           subseasonal reforecasts

    • Abstract: Stratospheric influence on the winter North Atlantic storm track in subseasonal reforecasts
      Hilla Afargan-Gerstman, Dominik Büeler, C. Ole Wulff, Michael Sprenger, and Daniela I. V. Domeisen
      Weather Clim. Dynam. Discuss., https//doi.org/10.5194/wcd-2022-58,2022
      Preprint under review for WCD (discussion: open, 0 comments)
      The stratosphere is a layer of Earth's atmosphere found above the weather systems. Changes in the stratosphere can affect the winds and the storm tracks in the North Atlantic region for a relatively long time, lasting for several weeks and even months. We show that the stratosphere can be important for weather forecasts beyond 1 week, but more work is needed to improve the accuracy of these forecasts for 3–4 weeks.
      PubDate: Fri, 18 Nov 2022 10:55:26 +010
      DOI: 10.5194/wcd-2022-582022

       
  • A climate-change attribution retrospective of some impactful weather
           extremes of 2021

    • Abstract: A climate-change attribution retrospective of some impactful weather extremes of 2021
      Davide Faranda, Stella Bourdin, Mireia Ginesta, Meriem Krouma, Robin Noyelle, Flavio Pons, Pascal Yiou, and Gabriele Messori
      Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 1311–1340, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1311-2022, 2022
      We analyze the atmospheric circulation leading to impactful extreme events for the calendar year 2021 such as the Storm Filomena, Westphalia floods, Hurricane Ida and Medicane Apollo. For some of the events, we find that climate change has contributed to their occurrence or enhanced their intensity; for other events, we find that they are unprecedented. Our approach underscores the importance of considering changes in the atmospheric circulation when performing attribution studies.
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Nov 2022 10:55:26 +010
      DOI: 10.5194/wcd-3-1311-2022 2022

       
  • Stratospheric intrusion depth and its effect on surface cyclogenetic
           forcing: an idealized potential vorticity (PV) inversion experiment

    • Abstract: Stratospheric intrusion depth and its effect on surface cyclogenetic forcing: an idealized potential vorticity (PV) inversion experiment
      Michael A. Barnes, Thando Ndarana, Michael Sprenger, and Willem A. Landman
      Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 1291–1309, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1291-2022, 2022
      Stratospheric air can intrude into the troposphere and is associated with cyclonic development throughout the atmosphere. Through a highly idealized systematic approach, the effect that different intrusion characteristics have on surface cyclogenetic forcing is investigated. The proximity of stratospheric intrusions to the surface is shown to be the main factor in surface cyclogenetic forcing, whilst its width is an additional contributing factor.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Nov 2022 22:02:35 +010
      DOI: 10.5194/wcd-3-1291-2022 2022

       
  • The impact of microphysical uncertainty conditional on initial and
           boundary condition uncertainty under varying synoptic control

    • Abstract: The impact of microphysical uncertainty conditional on initial and boundary condition uncertainty under varying synoptic control
      Takumi Matsunobu, Christian Keil, and Christian Barthlott
      Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 1273–1289, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1273-2022, 2022
      This study quantifies the impact of poorly constrained parameters used to represent aerosol–cloud–precipitation interactions on precipitation and cloud forecasts associated with uncertainties in input atmospheric states. Uncertainties in these parameters have a non-negligible impact on daily precipitation amount and largely change the amount of cloud. The comparison between different weather situations reveals that the impact becomes more important when convection is triggered by local effects.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Nov 2022 13:46:38 +010
      DOI: 10.5194/wcd-3-1273-2022 2022

       
  • The stratosphere: a review of the dynamics and variability

    • Abstract: The stratosphere: a review of the dynamics and variability
      Neal Butchart
      Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 1237–1272, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1237-2022, 2022
      In recent years, it has emerged that there is an affinity between stratospheric variability and surface events. Waves from the troposphere interacting with the mean flow drive much of the variability in the polar vortex, sudden stratospheric warmings and tropical quasi-biennial oscillation. Here we review the historical evolution of established knowledge of the stratosphere's global structure and dynamical variability, along with recent advances and theories, and identify outstanding challenges.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Nov 2022 13:46:38 +010
      DOI: 10.5194/wcd-3-1237-2022 2022

       
  • The Teleconnection of Extreme ENSO Events to the Tropical North Atlantic
           in Coupled Climate Models

    • Abstract: The Teleconnection of Extreme ENSO Events to the Tropical North Atlantic in Coupled Climate Models
      Jake W. Casselman, Joke F. Lübbecke, Tobias Bayr, Wenjuan Huo, Sebastian Wahl, and Daniela I. V. Domeisen
      Weather Clim. Dynam. Discuss., https//doi.org/10.5194/wcd-2022-57,2022
      Preprint under review for WCD (discussion: open, 0 comments)
      El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) has remote effects on the tropical North Atlantic (TNA), but the connections’ nonlinearity (strength of response to an increasing ENSO signal) is not always well represented in models. Using the Community Earth System Model version 1-– Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Mode (CESM-WACCM) and the Flexible Ocean and Climate Infrastructure version 1, we find that the TNA responds linearly to extreme El Niño, but nonlinearly to extreme La Niña for CESM-WACCM.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Nov 2022 13:46:38 +010
      DOI: 10.5194/wcd-2022-572022

       
  • Stratospheric downward wave reflection events modulate North American
           weather regimes and cold spells

    • Abstract: Stratospheric downward wave reflection events modulate North American weather regimes and cold spells
      Gabriele Messori, Marlene Kretschmer, Simon H. Lee, and Vivien Wendt
      Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 1215–1236, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1215-2022, 2022
      Over 10 km above the ground, there is a region of the atmosphere called the stratosphere. While there is very little air in the stratosphere itself, its interactions with the lower parts of the atmosphere – where we live – can affect the weather. Here we study a specific example of such an interaction, whereby processes occurring at the boundary of the stratosphere can lead to a continent-wide drop in temperatures in North America during winter.
      PubDate: Fri, 04 Nov 2022 13:46:38 +010
      DOI: 10.5194/wcd-3-1215-2022 2022

       
  • Impact of grid spacing, convective parameterization and cloud microphysics
           in ICON simulations of a warm conveyor belt

    • Abstract: Impact of grid spacing, convective parameterization and cloud microphysics in ICON simulations of a warm conveyor belt
      Anubhav Choudhary and Aiko Voigt
      Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 1199–1214, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1199-2022, 2022
      The warm conveyor belt (WCB), which is a stream of coherently rising air parcels, is an important feature of extratropical cyclones. This work presents the impact of model grid spacing on simulation of cloud diabatic processes in the WCB of a North Atlantic cyclone. We find that the refinement of the model grid systematically enhances the dynamical properties and heat releasing processes within the WCB. However, this pattern does not have a strong impact on the strength of associated cyclones.
      PubDate: Thu, 27 Oct 2022 09:29:10 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/wcd-3-1199-2022 2022

       
  • Subseasonal precipitation forecasts of opportunity over central southwest
           Asia

    • Abstract: Subseasonal precipitation forecasts of opportunity over central southwest Asia
      Melissa L. Breeden, John R. Albers, and Andrew Hoell
      Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 1183–1197, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1183-2022, 2022
      We use a statistical dynamical model to generate precipitation forecasts for lead times of 2–6 weeks over southwest Asia, which are needed to support humanitarian food distribution. The model signal-to-noise ratio is used to identify a smaller subset of forecasts with particularly high skill, so-called subseasonal forecasts of opportunity (SFOs). Precipitation SFOs are often related to slowly evolving tropical phenomena, namely the El Niño–Southern Oscillation and Madden–Julian Oscillation.
      PubDate: Thu, 27 Oct 2022 09:29:10 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/wcd-3-1183-2022 2022

       
  • Similarity and variability of blocked weather-regime dynamics in the
           Atlantic-European region

    • Abstract: Similarity and variability of blocked weather-regime dynamics in the Atlantic-European region
      Franziska Teubler, Michael Riemer, Christopher Polster, Christian M. Grams, Seraphine Hauser, and Volkmar Wirth
      Weather Clim. Dynam. Discuss., https//doi.org/10.5194/wcd-2022-56,2022
      Preprint under review for WCD (discussion: open, 0 comments)
      Weather regimes govern an important part of the sub-seasonal variability of the mid-latitude circulation. The year-round dynamics of blocked regimes in the Atlantic European region are investigated in over 40 years of data. We show that the dynamics between the regimes are on average very similar at regime location. However, the average picture experiences some cancellation due to different pathways especially before onset of the regime and some processes maximize outside of that location.
      PubDate: Wed, 26 Oct 2022 14:20:36 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/wcd-2022-562022

       
  • Recurrent Rossby waves and south-eastern Australian heatwaves

    • Abstract: Recurrent Rossby waves and south-eastern Australian heatwaves
      S. Mubashshir Ali, Matthias Röthlisberger, Tess Parker, Kai Kornhuber, and Olivia Martius
      Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 1139–1156, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1139-2022, 2022
      Persistent weather can lead to extreme weather conditions. One such atmospheric flow pattern, termed recurrent Rossby wave packets (RRWPs), has been shown to increase persistent weather in the Northern Hemisphere. Here, we show that RRWPs are also an important feature in the Southern Hemisphere. We evaluate the role of RRWPs during south-eastern Australian heatwaves and find that they help to persist the heatwaves by forming upper-level high-pressure systems over south-eastern Australia.
      PubDate: Wed, 19 Oct 2022 13:10:17 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/wcd-3-1139-2022 2022

       
  • Identification of high-wind features within extratropical cyclones using a
           probabilistic random forest – Part 1: Method and case studies

    • Abstract: Identification of high-wind features within extratropical cyclones using a probabilistic random forest – Part 1: Method and case studies
      Lea Eisenstein, Benedikt Schulz, Ghulam A. Qadir, Joaquim G. Pinto, and Peter Knippertz
      Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 1157–1182, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1157-2022, 2022
      Mesoscale high-wind features within extratropical cyclones can cause immense damage. Here, we present RAMEFI, a novel approach to objectively identify the wind features based on a probabilistic random forest. RAMEFI enables a wide range of applications such as probabilistic predictions for the occurrence or a multi-decadal climatology of these features, which will be the focus of Part 2 of the study, with the goal of improving wind and, specifically, wind gust forecasts in the long run.
      PubDate: Wed, 19 Oct 2022 13:10:17 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/wcd-3-1157-2022 2022

       
  • What distinguishes 100-year precipitation extremes over Central European
           river catchments from more moderate extreme events'

    • Abstract: What distinguishes 100-year precipitation extremes over Central European river catchments from more moderate extreme events'
      Florian Ruff and Stephan Pfahl
      Weather Clim. Dynam. Discuss., https//doi.org/10.5194/wcd-2022-54,2022
      Preprint under review for WCD (discussion: open, 0 comments)
      In this study, we analyse the generic atmospheric processes of very extreme, 100-year precipitation events in large Central European river catchments and the corresponding differences to less extreme events, based on a large time series (~1200 years) of simulated but realistic daily precipitation events from the ECMWF. Depending on the catchment, either dynamical mechanisms, thermodynamic conditions or a combination of both distinguish 100-year from less extreme precipitation events.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Oct 2022 13:10:17 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/wcd-2022-542022

       
  • Improved Extended-Range Prediction of Persistent Stratospheric
           Perturbations using Machine Learning

    • Abstract: Improved Extended-Range Prediction of Persistent Stratospheric Perturbations using Machine Learning
      Raphaël de Fondeville, Zheng Wu, Enikő Székely, Guillaume Obozinski, and Daniela I. V. Domeisen
      Weather Clim. Dynam. Discuss., https//doi.org/10.5194/wcd-2022-55,2022
      Preprint under review for WCD (discussion: open, 0 comments)
      We propose a fully data driven, interpretable, and computationally scalable framework to characterize sudden stratospheric warmings (SSWs), extract statistically significant precursors, and produce machine learning (ML) forecasts. By successfully leveraging the long lasting impact of SSWs, the ML predictions outperform sub-seasonal numerical forecasts for lead times beyond 25 days. Post-processing numerical predictions using their ML counterparts yields an up to 20 % performance increase.
      PubDate: Thu, 06 Oct 2022 01:08:49 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/wcd-2022-552022

       
  • Classification of Alpine south foehn based on 5 years of kilometre-scale
           analysis data

    • Abstract: Classification of Alpine south foehn based on 5 years of kilometre-scale analysis data
      Lukas Jansing, Lukas Papritz, Bruno Dürr, Daniel Gerstgrasser, and Michael Sprenger
      Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 1113–1138, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1113-2022, 2022
      This study presents a 5-year climatology of three main foehn types and three deep-foehn subtypes. The main types differ in their large-scale and Alpine-scale weather conditions and the subtypes in terms of the amount and extent of precipitation on the Alpine south side. The different types of foehn are found to strongly affect the local meteorological conditions at Altdorf. The study concludes by setting the new classification into a historic context.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Sep 2022 14:00:37 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/wcd-3-1113-2022 2022

       
  • Future changes in the mean and variability of extreme rainfall indices
           over the Guinea Coast and role of the Atlantic equatorial mode

    • Abstract: Future changes in the mean and variability of extreme rainfall indices over the Guinea Coast and role of the Atlantic equatorial mode
      Koffi Worou, Thierry Fichefet, and Hugues Goosse
      Weather Clim. Dynam. Discuss., https//doi.org/10.5194/wcd-2022-53,2022
      Preprint under review for WCD (discussion: open, 0 comments)
      The Atlantic equatorial mode (AEM) of variability is responsible for 31 % of the year-to-year rainfall variability over the Guinea Coast. We use the current climate models to explore the present-day and future links between the AEM and the extreme rainfall indices over the Guinea Coast. Under future global warming, the total variability of the extreme rainfall indices increases over the Guinea Coast. However, the future impact of the AEM on the extreme events over the Guinea Coast is reduced.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Sep 2022 14:00:37 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/wcd-2022-532022

       
  • The composite development and structure of intense synoptic-scale Arctic
           cyclones

    • Abstract: The composite development and structure of intense synoptic-scale Arctic cyclones
      Alexander F. Vessey, Kevin I. Hodges, Len C. Shaffrey, and Jonathan J. Day
      Weather Clim. Dynam., 3, 1097–1112, https://doi.org/10.5194/wcd-3-1097-2022, 2022
      Understanding the location and intensity of hazardous weather across the Arctic is important for assessing risks to infrastructure, shipping, and coastal communities. This study describes the typical lifetime and structure of intense winter and summer Arctic cyclones. Results show the composite development and structure of intense summer Arctic cyclones are different from intense winter Arctic and North Atlantic Ocean extra-tropical cyclones and from conceptual models.
      PubDate: Thu, 22 Sep 2022 14:00:37 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/wcd-3-1097-2022 2022

       
  • Model-simulated hydroclimate variability of the East Asian Summer Monsoon
           across different climates: insights from a moisture source perspective

    • Abstract: Model-simulated hydroclimate variability of the East Asian Summer Monsoon across different climates: insights from a moisture source perspective
      Astrid Fremme, Paul Hezel, Øyvind Seland, and Harald Sodemann
      Weather Clim. Dynam. Discuss., https//doi.org/10.5194/wcd-2022-52,2022
      Preprint under review for WCD (discussion: open, 0 comments)
      We study the atmospheric moisture transport into East China for past, present and future climate. To this end, we use different climate and weather prediction model data with a moisture source identification method. We find that the moisture sources are relatively similar for different climates when comparing the same climate models, while differences between models are partly larger than between different climates, which has important implications for interpreting the hydroclimate from models.
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Sep 2022 15:47:52 +020
      DOI: 10.5194/wcd-2022-522022

       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 44.197.108.169
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-