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  Subjects -> METEOROLOGY (Total: 112 journals)
Showing 1 - 36 of 36 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Advances in Climate Change Research     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Advances in Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Statistical Climatology, Meteorology and Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Climate Change     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Atmósfera     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atmosphere     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Atmosphere-Ocean     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP)     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions (ACPD)     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Atmospheric Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Atmospheric Environment : X     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atmospheric Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Atmospheric Science Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Boundary-Layer Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Bulletin of Atmospheric Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
Carbon Balance and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Change and Adaptation in Socio-Ecological Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ciencia, Ambiente y Clima     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Climate and Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Climate Change Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Climate Change Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Climate Change Responses     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Climate Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Climate of the Past (CP)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Climate of the Past Discussions (CPD)     Open Access  
Climate Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Climate Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Climate Resilience and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Climate Risk Management     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Climate Services     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Climate Summary of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Climatic Change     Open Access   (Followers: 66)
Current Climate Change Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Developments in Atmospheric Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Earth Perspectives - Transdisciplinarity Enabled     Open Access  
Economics of Disasters and Climate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Energy & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Environmental and Climate Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Dynamics and Global Climate Change     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers in Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
GeoHazards     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Atmospheric Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Biometeorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Climatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
International Journal of Environment and Climate Change     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Image and Data Fusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agricultural Meteorology     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 198)
Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Climate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Journal of Climate Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Climatology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Hydrology and Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Hydrometeorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Meteorological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Meteorology and Climate Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Weather Modification     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Large Marine Ecosystems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mathematics of Climate and Weather Forecasting     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Mediterranean Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Meteorologica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Meteorological Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Meteorological Monographs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Meteorologische Zeitschrift     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Mètode Science Studies Journal : Annual Review     Open Access  
Michigan Journal of Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Modeling Earth Systems and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Monthly Weather Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Nature Climate Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 134)
Nature Reports Climate Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Nīvār     Open Access  
npj Climate and Atmospheric Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open Atmospheric Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Journal of Modern Hydrology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Revista Brasileira de Meteorologia     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Bioeconomía y Cambio Climático     Open Access  
Russian Meteorology and Hydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Space Weather     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica     Hybrid Journal  
Tellus A     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Tellus B     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
The Cryosphere (TC)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
The Cryosphere Discussions (TCD)     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
The Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Theoretical and Applied Climatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Tropical Cyclone Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Urban Climate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Weather     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Weather and Climate Dynamics     Open Access  
Weather and Climate Extremes     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Weather and Forecasting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Weatherwise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
气候与环境研究     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Russian Meteorology and Hydrology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.206
Number of Followers: 3  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1934-8096 - ISSN (Online) 1068-3739
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2656 journals]
  • Orographic Turbulence Forecasting from Numerical Model Output Data
    • Abstract: A method to forecast orographic turbulence basing on the COSMO-Ru7 numerical model output data is presented. The calculation algorithm represents the critical amplitude approach for gravity waves and allows identifying zones of mountain wave breaking that generate turbulence. Its intensity is estimated through the wave drag value. The calculation is based on the model data for the territory of European Russia for April–September 2019. Its results obtained from forecast data are in a good agreement with those from initial model data for the forecast time. The turbulent zones are more intense at night than in the daytime and are situated over obstacles (for example, over the Crimean and Ural mountains) and on their lee slopes, in accordance with the physics of the phenomenon.
      PubDate: 2021-01-01
  • The Role of Binary and Ion Nucleation of Sulfuric Acid and Water Vapor in
           the Dynamics of Sulfate Aerosol Formation in the Atmosphere
    • Abstract: The results of one-dimensional calculations of the height profiles of nucleated sulfate aerosol particles for the northern mid-latitudes and tropics in winter are presented. Numerical calculations were performed using a three-dimensional model of the transport and transformation of multicomponent gas and aerosol substances in the atmosphere, incorporating photochemistry, nucleation involving neutral molecules and ions, as well as condensation/evaporation and coagulation. It is found that the resulting dynamics of the formation of aerosol particle nuclei is not a simple sum of ion and binary (water vapor/sulfuric acid) nucleation rates. This dynamics is determined by the ratio of critical radii of nucleated particles due to binary and ion nucleation of these substances (rcr_bin and rcr_ion) depending on temperature, relative humidity, and ionization rate. This should be taken into account in modeling the gas and aerosol composition of the atmosphere and comparing calculated and observed data.
      PubDate: 2021-01-01
  • Impact of Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies in the Equatorial and North
           Pacific on the Arctic Stratosphere According to the INMCM5 Climate Model
    • Abstract: Five 50-year simulations with version 5 of the INM RAS coupled climate model revealed that the winters with El Niño are characterized by higher Arctic stratospheric temperature as compared to the seasons with La Niña. Lower stratospheric temperature in the Arctic regions as compared to the seasons with negative sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies corresponds to the winter seasons with positive SST anomalies in the North Pacific.
      PubDate: 2021-01-01
  • Monitoring the Variability of the Stratospheric Aerosol Layer over Tomsk
           in 2016–2018 Based on Lidar Data
    • Abstract: The results of observations of the features of intraannual variability for the vertical structure of background aerosol in the stratosphere over Western Siberia in 2016–2018 are presented and analyzed. Experimental data were obtained at the lidar complex of Zuev Institute of Atmospheric Optics (Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences) with a receiving mirror diameter of 1 m. The objective of the study is to investigate the dynamics of background stratospheric aerosol, since during this period there were no volcanic eruptions leading to the transport of eruptive aerosol into the stratosphere. The results of the study confirm a stable intraannual cycle of maximum aerosol filling of the stratosphere in winter, a decrease in spring to the minimum, practical absence in summer, and an increase in autumn. At the same time, the variability of stratification and aerosol filling is observed for different years. It was found that aerosol is concentrated in the layer up to 30 km all year round, except for the winter period. It is shown that the vertical aerosol stratification is largely determined by the thermal regime of the troposphere–stratosphere boundary layer. The absence of a pronounced temperature inversion at the tropopause contributes to an increase in the stratosphere–troposphere exchange and, as a result, to the aerosol transport to the stratosphere. This situation is typical of the cold season. For the first time, data on the quantitative content of stratospheric aerosol (its mass concentration) were obtained from single-frequency lidar data.
      PubDate: 2021-01-01
  • Method for Identifying and Clustering Rossby Wave Breaking Events in the
           Northern Hemisphere
    • Abstract: Many large-scale dynamic phenomena in the Earth’s atmosphere are associated with the processes of propagation and breaking of Rossby waves. A new method for identifying the Rossby wave breaking (RWB) is proposed. It is based on the detection of breakings centers by analyzing the shape of the contours of potential vorticity or temperature on quasimaterial surfaces: isentropic and iserthelic (surfaces of constant Ertel potential vorticity (PV)), with further RWB center clustering to larger regions. The method is applied to the set of constant PV levels (0.3 to 9.8 PVU with a step of 0.5 PVU) at the level of potential temperature of 350 K for 12:00 UTC. The ERA-Interim reanalysis data from 1979 to 2019 are used for the method development. The type of RWB (cyclonic/anticyclonic), its area and center are determined by analyzing the vortex geometry at each PV level for every day. The RWBs obtained at this stage are designated as elementary breakings. Density-Based Spatial Clustering of Applications with Noise algorithm (DBSCAN) was applied to all elementary breakings for each month. As a result, a graphic dataset describing locations and dynamics of RWBs for every month from 1979 to 2019 is formed. The RWB frequency is also evaluated for each longitude, taking into account the duration of each RWB and the number of levels involved, as well as the anomalies of these parameters.
      PubDate: 2021-01-01
  • Methane Emission from Palsa Mires in Northeastern European Russia
    • Abstract: Measurement data on methane fluxes in the palsa mire ecosystem at the border of tundra and taiga zones in northeastern European Russia are presented. It was found for the first time that an intense methane flux from the surface of the permafrost mound (palsa) is determined by the spring thawing of the seasonally thawed horizon in the layer of 14–25 cm. During this period, the emission was 4–20 times higher than the summer values. In lichen communities of peat mounds, the CH4 sink prevailed during the summer-autumn period. The total methane flux in different parts of the mire in June–September varied from 0.18 to 16.5 kg CH4/ha. In general, the palsa mire emitted 81 kg CH4/ha per year to the atmosphere. The methane emission from the surface of peat mounds and hollows made up 20% and 80% of the annual flux, respectively.
      PubDate: 2021-01-01
  • Aerosol Effects on Temperature Forecast in the COSMO-Ru Model
    • Abstract: Aerosol effects on the forecast of surface temperature, as well as temperature at the levels of 850 and 500 hPa over Europe and the European part of Russia are studied using various aerosol climatologies: Tanre, Tegen, and MACv2. The numerical experiments with the COSMO-Ru model are performed for the central months of the seasons (January, April, July, and October) in 2017. It is found that a change in the simulated surface air temperature over land can reach 1°С when using Tegen and MACv2 data as compared to Tanre. At 850 and 500 hPa levels, the changes do not exceed 0.4°С. At the same time, it is shown that a decrease in the root-mean-square error of 2-m air temperature forecast at individual stations reaches 0.5°С when using Tegen and MACv2 data and 1°С for clear-sky conditions in Moscow.
      PubDate: 2021-01-01
  • Erratum to: “Atmospheric Carbon Monoxide Dynamics over Kazakhstan
           Derived from Satellite Data” [Russian Meteorology and Hydrology 45(1),
           54−57, 2020]
    • Abstract: An Erratum to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.3103/S1068373920040111
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
  • Trend Analysis of Meteorological Variables and Drought Indices in the
           Bundelkhand Region Using the Non-Parametric Approach
    • Abstract: Droughts significantly decrease production of crops. Therefore, three drought indices, SPI and SPEI (meteorological drought) and SSI (agricultural drought) have been evaluated for 82 rain gage stations in the Bundelkhand region, India. The non-parametric trend test (the Mann–Kendall test) and the Sen’s slope estimator have been used to analyze the monthly, seasonal, and annual trends for both categories of drought. Monthly and annual trends of rainfall and temperature (both minimum and maximum) have also been analyzed for the study area. The analysis revealed the negative trend of SPI mainly for the northern part of Bundelkhand and especially for monsoon season and for August–September. The trend for precipitation amount is also negative for these months. The minimum temperature has increased (0.03 to 0.07°C/year) more as compared to the maximum temperature (< 0.01°C/year with an insignificant trend). PET was evaluated using the Penman–Monteith method for the further calculation of SPEI. The inverse distance weightage (IDW) method of interpolation has been used to represent the trends on ArcGIS.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
  • Adaptation of Land Use to Climate Change in Russia
    • Abstract: The concept of land use adaptation to climate change and a short history of its formation in Russia are described. The global problems and disadvantages of the adaptation policy are listed, the Russian approaches and developed methods of land use adaptation to climate change are specified. Although there are a lot of legislative acts and scientific recommendations in Russia, the tendency of developing only evaluation and monitoring activities is observed. Also, there is a lack of specific implemented agrotechnological projects aimed at the adaptation of agriculture to changing environmental conditions.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
  • Assessment of Climate Favorability for the Grain Cultivation Based on the
           Frequency of Severe Droughts
    • Abstract: Using climate monitoring data from 96 Russian weather stations, the years of severe droughts are identified. For this purpose, the following criterion was used: a value of the Selyaninov hydrothermal coefficient for May–August is less than 0.6. Climate of a time period, i.e., a set of consecutive years, is considered unfavorable for the cultivation of grain crops if the frequency of severe droughts p (the Bernoulli distribution parameter) exceeds 0.5. This parameter is estimated from data of the considered weather stations separately for the time periods of 1976–1997 and 1998–2019 based on the number of the identified severe droughts. The probability that p > 0.5 is estimated, and the corresponding schematic maps are constructed for both time periods. The highest probability is obtained for the stations located in the Astrakhan, Volgograd, Saratov, and Orenburg oblasts, the Republic of Kalmykia, and the Republic of Crimea. At the same time, a noticeable increase in this probability in the second period relative to the first one is found for the Volgograd and Saratov oblasts.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
  • High-resolution Ensemble Climate Projections of Water Deficit in Arid
           Regions by the Mid-21st Century
    • Abstract: Future changes in water deficit in Central Asia are analyzed based on the ensemble simulations with the system of the regional climate model (RCM) and atmospheric boundary layer model (ABLM) developed at the Voeikov Main Geophysical Observatory. It is shown that by the middle of the 21st century the forecasted changes over the irrigated areas are greater by 2.5–4.0 times than those inferred from the standalone RCM simulation without irrigation effects. Future water deficit is forecasted to grow across Central Asia and will lead to 10% larger irrigation water demand per hectare in order to sustain cotton productivity, depending on the conditions of its cultivation at individual farms. The results of the study can be used for the planning of the rational use of agricultural lands and for the effective management of water resources.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
  • Application of Radar Signal Spectrum Width Estimation to Detect Vertical
    • Abstract: Weather hazards caused by the vertical air movement are considered. It is stated that the only effective mean for their detection is the weather radar. The methods used for this purpose in modern radiolocation are listed, and the difficulties encountered in their practical implementation are discussed. A new method developed by the authors to detect the zone of local vertical movement of elementary reflectors is proposed. It is based on comparing the energy spectrum width of the output signal in the phase and amplitude detection channels.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
  • Precipitation Effects on the Growth of Boreal Forest Stands in the Volga
    • Abstract: The effects of long-period climate change and fluctuations of climate factors in the recent decades on the Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) growing in the Kerzshenskii State Nature Biosphere Reserve (the Nizhny Novgorod region) are considered. It is found that the amount of precipitation forming phytocenoses water availability is the most important climatic factor limiting the pine growth and development. A competition between the linear and radial pine increments for the water resource, which directly depends on the amount of precipitation, is identified. The direct response of the radial to linear increment is found, because these are the height tree growth and the crown development that induce the successful stem diameter formation. It is noted that due to the widespread occurrence and variety of environmental impact signals, Pinus sylvestris is an optimum object for the environmental monitoring of forest ecosystems, which makes its further investigation in a changing climate essential.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
  • Influence of North Atlantic SST Variability and Changes in Atmospheric
           Circulation on the Frequency of Summer Droughts in the East European Plain
    • Abstract: Based on the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) data for June–August in 1950–2016, the frequency of severe atmospheric droughts in the south of the East European Plain is analyzed. It is found that droughts were observed more often in the periods of warmer SST in the North Atlantic as compared to its colder period. It was revealed that the frequency of droughts in the Volga region and in the north-west of Kazakhstan was the greatest (to 19 droughts/100 years) in the years when the SST of the North Atlantic was extremely warm. The least frequency of severe droughts (4 droughts/100 years) in the considered regions was observed in the years of the extremely cold North Atlantic. Favorable conditions for the development of severe summer droughts in the south of the East European Plain in the period of the warm North Atlantic were registered when regional zonal circulation in the Atlantic-European sector weakened and the frequency of days with atmospheric blocking in the east of the East European Plain increased. Such conditions were related mainly to the increasing frequency of negative phases of the North-Atlantic Oscillation and the East Atlantic/Western Russia (EA/WR) pattern. The greatest (three-fold) increase in the blocking frequency was registered during the negative phase of the EA/WR pattern as compared to its positive phase.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
  • Modern Changes in the Thermal Regime of Mountain Rivers in the Permafrost
           Zone (A Case Study for the Upper Kolyma)
    • Abstract: The changes in the thermal regime of the Upper Kolyma rivers in the permafrost zone in 1981–2010 are discussed. Over the recent three decades the normals of the dates of the springtime 0.2°C water temperature crossing have shifted by 3–13 days earlier due to the climate warming. Average long-term water temperatures in the first half of summer increased by 1.4–1.6°C. In autumn, the 0.2°C crossing occurs on average by 9 days later. This agrees with an increase in air temperature normals. However, in the second half of the warm period, annual mean water temperatures dropped by 0.7–1.5°C. Such abnormal response to climate change is caused by the involvement of an additional volume of chilled water to the river flow due to the thawing of permafrost and the expansion of taliks in August and September.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
  • The Modeling of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer over Inhomogeneously
           Moistened Surface as a Tool for Evapotranspiration Estimation
    • Abstract: The skills of a method to estimate evapotranspiration from a heterogeneous surface, including irrigated lands, based on the quantitative description of the deformation of vertical distributions of specific humidity at the windward and leeward boundaries of the site are considered in the framework of numerical regional climate modeling and a detailed description of the atmospheric boundary layer evolution. It is shown that the average values of evapotranspiration from a heterogeneous surface are mainly determined by the area of irrigated fields and do not almost depend on the number and size of inhomogeneities. Based on numerical experiments, we analyzed the wind speed effect on the spatial distribution of evapotranspiration in arid regions, including irrigated lands.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
  • Ozone Content over the Russian Federation in the Third Quarter of 2020
    • Abstract: The review is compiled on the basis of the results of operation of the total ozone (TO) monitoring in Russia and adjoining territories functioning in the operational mode at the Central Aerological Observatory (CAO). The monitoring system uses data from the national network equipped with M-124 filter ozonometers under the methodological supervision of the Main Geophysical Observatory. The quality of the functioning of the entire system is operationally controlled in CAO based on the OMI satellite equipment observations (NASA, USA). Basic TO observation data are generalized for each month of the third quarter of 2020 and for the third quarter. Data of routine observations of surface ozone values in the Moscow region are also considered.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
      DOI: 10.3103/S1068373920110096
  • Analysis of Flood Forecast Uncertainty Using the WRF Prediction of
           Precipitation and Air Temperature
    • Abstract: Uncertainty in predicted precipitation and air temperature are the main sources of the uncertainty in flood forecasting. In this study, the fuzzy set theory is used for assessment of impact that uncertainty in precipitation and air temperature data has on flood forecasting in the Dez basin in southwestern Iran. The precipitation and air temperature were predicted using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. The results showed that the uncertainty in peak discharge and flood hydrograph volume was considerably higher due to uncertainty in the precipitation than in air temperature. It was observed that the uncertainty of the peak discharge due to the 10% uncertainty in precipitation and air temperature is 14.8% and 5.6%, respectively. Also, the uncertainty of the flood hydrograph volume due to the 10% uncertainty in precipitation and air temperature is 13.1% and 4.6%, respectively. Therefore, to reduce uncertainty in peak discharge and flood hydrograph volume, precipitation should be predicted more precisely than air temperature.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
      DOI: 10.3103/S1068373920110072
  • Verification of ERA-Interim and ERA5 Reanalyses Data on Surface Air
           Temperature in the Arctic
    • Abstract: The paper presents the results of the verification of ERA-Interim and ERA5 reanalyses data on surface air temperature obtained from drifting buoys, ground-based weather stations, and, for the first time, from measurements at the North Pole drifting stations. The North Pole station data were not assimilated in the reanalyses, which provides a rare opportunity for independent validation. The comparison with data of the North Pole drifting stations revealed that bias for the cold season in the Arctic basin is 2.25°С for ERA-Interim and 3.92°С for ERA5, respectively. The comparison with data of drifting buoys allows us to speculate about the cause of such large errors in the reanalyses. Some buoys were installed from the air-based platform. In this case, the temperature sensor of the buoy was potentially buried in the snow cover that shielded it from the cold atmosphere and contributed to the heating due to the heat flux from the underlying layer of sea water. The assimilation of such data could be one of the reasons for the overestimation of air temperature over drifting ice in the both reanalysis.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01
      DOI: 10.3103/S1068373920110035
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