Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1562 journals)
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    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (740 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (390 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 397 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACI Open     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 22)
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Healthcare Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Dual Diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 89)
Advances in Nursing Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Advances in Simulation     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Health Economics and Health Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Australian Health Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal of Primary Health     Hybrid Journal  
Australian Journal of Rural Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Autism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 350)
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bereavement Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
BJR     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMJ Leader     Hybrid Journal  
BMJ Quality & Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
British Journal of Healthcare Assistants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
British Journal of Healthcare Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
British Journal of Hospital Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
British Journal of Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 297)
British Journal of School Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Bruce R Hopkins' Nonprofit Counsel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Building Better Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Nurse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chinese Medical Record English Edition     Hybrid Journal  
CIN : Computers Informatics Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Audit     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinics and Practice     Open Access  
Cognition, Technology & Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Communication & Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Community Based Medical Journal     Open Access  
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contemporary Nurse : A Journal for the Australian Nursing Profession     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Critical Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Culture, Health & Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Das Gesundheitswesen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Dental Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Disaster Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
DoctorConsult - The Journal. Wissen für Klinik und Praxis     Full-text available via subscription  
Droit, Déontologie & Soin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
E-Health Telecommunication Systems and Networks     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
East and Central African Journal of Surgery     Open Access  
Éducation thérapeutique du patient     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
eGEMs     Open Access  
Emergency Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Enfermería Clínica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiologic Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Escola Anna Nery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
European Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
European Research in Telemedicine / La Recherche Européenne en Télémédecine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Evidence-Based Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family Practice Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Focus on Health Professional Education : A Multi-disciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Future Hospital Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Gastrointestinal Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Geron     Full-text available via subscription  
Global & Regional Health Technology Assessment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Health Action     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Global Health Management Journal (GHMJ)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Health Research and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Journal of Hospital Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Public Health: An International Journal for Research, Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Handbook of Practice Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health & Social Care In the Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health and Interprofessional Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Health Care Management Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Health Expectations     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Health Facilities Management     Free   (Followers: 10)
Health Informatics Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health Information Science and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Health Reform Observer : Observatoire des Réformes de Santé     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Health Science Journal of Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Healthcare : The Journal of Delivery Science and Innovation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Management Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Healthcare Policy / Politiques de Santé     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Healthcare Risk Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
HealthcarePapers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
História, Ciências, Saúde - Manguinhos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Hospital     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Hospital a Domicilio     Open Access  
Hospital Medicine Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hospital Peer Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Hospital Pharmacy     Partially Free   (Followers: 18)
Hospital Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospital Practices and Research     Open Access  
Housing, Care and Support     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Human Factors : The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Human Resources for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
ICU Director     Hybrid Journal  
Ids Practice Papers     Hybrid Journal  
IEEE Pulse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IISE Transactions on Healthcare Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Independent Nurse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Index de Enfermeria     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Indian Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Informatics for Health and Social Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
INQUIRY : The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Interface - Comunicação, Saúde, Educação     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
International Journal of Care Coordination     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Computers in Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Electronic Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
International Journal of Health Administration and Education Congress (Sanitas Magisterium)     Open Access  
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Health Economics and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Health Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
International Journal of Health Planning and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Health Sciences Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Services Research and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Healthcare Technology and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Hospital Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, The     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Palliative Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of Positive Behavioural Support     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
International Journal of Prisoner Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Privacy and Health Information Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Public and Private Healthcare Management and Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Reliable and Quality E-Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Research in Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Telemedicine and Clinical Practices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Telework and Telecommuting Technologies     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
International Journal of User-Driven Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal on Disability and Human Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Irish Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
JAAPA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Jaffna Medical Journal     Open Access  
Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Journal for Healthcare Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Advanced Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 252)
Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Aging and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Ambulatory Care Management, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Arts and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
Number of Followers: 10  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2322-2220 - ISSN (Online) 2322-3561
Published by Shiraz University Homepage  [15 journals]
  • Online formative assessments: exploring their educational value

      Abstract: Introduction: Online formative assessments (OFA’s) have been
      increasingly recognised in medical education as resources that
      promote self-directed learning. Formative assessments are used
      to support the self-directed learning of students. Online formative
      assessments have been identified to be less time consuming with
      automated feedback. This pilot study aimed to determine whether
      participation and performance in online formative assessments
      (OFA’s) had measurable effects on learning and evaluate the
      students’ experience of using the OFA’s in the department of
      Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
      Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted among
      fourth year medical students (n=92) during their seven week
      postings in Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Five sets of online
      formative assessments in the format of one best answers (OBA),
      Objective structured practical examination (OSPE) and Short
      answer question (SAQ) with feedback were delivered over five
      weeks through the online portal. The mean scores of the end
      of posting summative exam (EOP) of those who participated in
      the assessments (OFA users) and of those who did not (non-OFA
      users) were compared, using Students t-test. The frequency of
      tool usage was analysed and satisfaction surveys were utilized at
      the end of the course by survey questionnaire using the five point
      Likert scale.
      Results: The mean scores of the students in end of posting
      summative examination marks for students who had participated
      in the online formative assessment (OFA users) and for those who
      had not (non OFA users) showed no significant difference in all
      the three components OBA, SAQ and OSPE (p=0.902, 0.633,
      0.248). Majority of the students perceived that OFAs fulfilled the
      stated aims and objectives and so they would persuade their peers
      to participate in the OFAs.
      Conclusions: Online formative assessments are perceived as
      tools that promote self-directed learning, improved knowledge
      and tailor learning for individual learning needs and style.Keywords: Assessments, Self-directed learning, Education
      PubDate: 2018-03-14
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2018)
  • The educational effects of mobile learning on medical sciences students: A
           systematic review in experimental studies

      Abstract: Introduction: The demand for mobile learning in the medical
      sciences educational program is increasing. The present review
      study gathers evidence highlighted by the experimental studies
      on the educational effects of mobile learning for medical sciences
      Methods: The study was carried out as a systematic literature
      search published from 2007 to July 2017 in the databases PubMed/
      Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature
      (CINAHL), Web of Knowledge (Thomson Reuters), Educational
      Resources and Information Center (ERIC), EMBASE (Elsevier),
      Cochrane library, PsycINFO and Google Scholar. To examine
      quality of the articles, a tool validated by the BEME Review was
      Results: Totally, 21 papers entered the study. Three main
      themes emerged from the content of papers: (1) improvement in
      student clinical competency and confidence, (2) acquisition and
      enhancing of students’ theoretical knowledge, and (3) students’
      positive attitudes to and perception of mobile learning. Level 2B
      of Kirkpatrick hierarchy had been examined by all the papers and
      seven of them had reported two or more outcome levels, but level
      4 was not reported in the papers.
      Conclusion: Our review showed that the students of medical sciences
      had positive response and attitudes to mobile learning. Moreover,
      implementation of mobile learning in medical sciences program
      might lead to valuable educational benefits and improve clinical
      competence and confidence along with theoretical knowledge,
      attitudes, and perception of mobile learning. The results indicated
      that mobile learning strategy in medical education can positively
      affect learning in all three domains of Bloom’s Taxonomy.
      PubDate: 2018-03-14
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2018)
  • The effect of question generation activity on students’ learning and

      Abstract: Introduction: Student-generated questions can be a very helpful
      tool in medical education. The use of this activity can allow the
      students to feel more involved in the subjects covered and may
      improve their knowledge and learning. The aim of this study was
      to identify the effect of question-writing activity as a stimulus
      factor on learning in midwifery students and determine their
      perception about this activity.
      Methods: This quasi-experimental study with two groups of
      pre- and post-tests was conducted on two groups of midwifery
      students who had taken the immunology course. Two classes
      of midwifery students (N=62) participated and were randomly
      assigned to two different groups. One class was selected as the
      experimental group (n=32) and the other class was considered
      as the control group (n=30). The experimental group’s students
      were asked to write questions covering different topics of the
      syllabus components taught during 15 weeks from February 2016
      to May 2016. They were asked to write, answer and explain their
      multiple-choice questions (MCQs). The students’ performance in
      immunology course was compared between the two groups at the
      end of the semester. After their final exam, we asked them to fill
      in a questionnaire on their views about this activity. The data were
      analyzed by independent t- test using SPSS software, version 18.
      Results: The differences between pre- and post-test mean
      scores of the experimental and control groups were 24.53±5.74
      and 20.63±5.58, respectively. The results of independent t-test
      showed that these differences in the two groups were significant
      (p=0.009). Nevertheless, most of the students stated that questionwriting
      activity as a learning tool is an unfamiliar exercise and
      unpopular learning strategy.
      Conclusion: Results showed that question writing by students has
      been found to promote learning when it is implemented as a part
      of the teaching curriculum in immunology course; therefore, this
      activity could be effective in improving the students’ learning.Keywords: Teaching, Learning, Classroom teaching, Student
      PubDate: 2018-03-14
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2018)
  • Procedures on the newly deceased: An ethical and educational challenge

      Abstract: Introduction: The newly deceased patients have long been used
      in medical schools to teach clinical skills without any challenges
      as it helps to train skilled doctors. Nowadays, the use of moulages
      and simulators are common in teaching clinical skills since these
      tools provide the opportunity for frequent practice without any
      pain and injury. There are specific procedures which still require
      the use of cadavers. However, the increased significance of
      patient rights has generally challenged the practicality of using
      the deceased bodies for this purpose. This study was designed
      with the aim of determining to what extent clinical skill training
      is dependent on the recently deceased patients.
      Methods: This was a cross-sectional mixed-method triangulation
      design conducted in two phases. In the first phase, a researcher-made
      questionnaire was used to collect quantitative data of the medical
      students and residents. The data were used to assess the frequency
      of experience. In the second stage, semi-structured interviews were
      conducted with faculty members and fellows in order to evaluate
      the educational impact of this type of procedure and the influential
      factors. The quantitative data were analyzed using statistical
      software, and the qualitative codes were extracted following a
      content analysis. Finally, a comparative analysis was performed.
      Results: Twenty five residents (26%) and seven medical students
      (14%) had the experience of performing procedures on the
      recently deceased patients for training purposes. About half of
      the residents and 33% of the medical students had observed their
      colleagues practicing procedures on cadavers. In the qualitative
      phase, the main categories included professional ethics, law and
      educational requirements.
      Conclusion: A relatively low number of medical students and
      residents had experienced procedures on the newly deceased
      patients. In this regard, ethical, religious and legal concerns might
      have played a part despite the desire to learn. It would be effective
      to direct these educational experiences toward procedures
      that cannot be mastered through moulages and simulators, and
      to lay the legal and executive ground so that performing these
      procedures under the supervision of professors, and with a level
      of documentation would have no legal challenges.Keywords: Cadaver, Learning, Clinical skills, Ethics
      PubDate: 2018-03-14
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2018)
  • The effect of cardiac arrhythmias simulation software on the nurses’
           learning and professional development

      Abstract: Introduction: One of the important tasks of nurses in intensive
      care unit is interpretation of ECG. The use of training simulator is
      a new paradigm in the age of computers. This study was performed
      to evaluate the impact of cardiac arrhythmias simulator software
      on nurses’ learning in the subspecialty Vali-Asr Hospital in 2016.
      Methods: This study was conducted by quasi-experimental
      randomized Salomon four group design with the participation
      of 120 nurses in subspecialty Vali-Asr Hospital in Tehran,
      Iran in 2016 that were selected purposefully and allocated in 4
      groups. By this design other confounding factors such as the
      prior information, maturation and the role of sex and age were
      controlled by Solomon 4 design. The valid and reliable multiple
      choice test tools were used to gather information; the validity of
      the test was approved by experts and its reliability was obtained
      by Cronbach’s alpha coefficient 0.89. At first, the knowledge and
      skills of the participants were assessed by a pre-test; following
      the educational intervention with cardiac arrhythmias simulator
      software during 14 days in ICUs, the mentioned factors were
      measured for the two groups again by a post-test in the four
      groups. Data were analyzed using the two way ANOVA. The
      significance level was considered as p<0.05.
      Results: Based on randomized four-group Solomon designs and
      our test results, using cardiac arrhythmias simulator software
      as an intervention was effective in the nurses’ learning since a
      significant difference was found between pre-test and post-test
      in the first group (p<0.05). Also, other comparisons by ANOVA
      test showed that there was no interaction between pre-test and
      intervention in all of the three knowledge areas of cardiac
      arrhythmias, their treatments and their diagnosis (p>0.05).
      Conclusion: The use of software-based simulator for cardiac
      arrhythmias was effective in nurses’ learning in light of its
      attractive components and interactive method. This intervention
      increased the knowledge of the nurses in cognitive domain of
      cardiac arrhythmias in addition to their diagnosis and treatment.
      Also, the package can be used for training in other areas such as
      continuing medical education.Keywords: Cardiac arrhythmia, Software, Learning, Nursing education
      PubDate: 2018-03-14
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2018)
  • Strategies to curb young researchers from predatory publishers

      Abstract: This letter addresses the current scenario of
      predatory publishers in the medical field
      and strategies to curb young researchers from
      predatory publishing. Today, the increasing
      trend and magnitude of predatory publishers
      have proposed a big challenge to young
      researchers in the medical field (1). Predatory
      publishers are publishers which publish papers
      with questionable peer review, charge enormous
      publication fees with unknown location of
      the real controlling entity (2). Jeffry Beall has
      updated the lists of predatory publications more
      recently (3). Predatory publishers are publishing
      bogus research which are harmful to the patient
      and the public and cause threat to the integrity of
      scientific research (4). It was evident from a recent
      study from India that predatory publications may
      have several publication houses with different
      names under a single roof to trap authors from
      different geographic locations (5). People with no
      research interest, persons with intention of quick
      publication for promotion, innocent researchers
      unaware of predatory unscientific practice are
      often victims to predatory publishers (6). More
      recently, World Association of Medical Editors
      has conveyed information about the role of
      Directory of open access journals (DOAJ).
      Beall’s list of predatory publications and think
      check submit criteria in distinguishing predatory
      from legitimate publications were appreciated
      throughout the globe (7). The young researchers
      should keep the above attributes related to
      predatory publishers in mind.
      The following strategies (individual- wise and
      community- wise) should be implemented to curb
      young researchers from predatory publishing.
      If the researcher had got invitation to submit
      an article from a predatory publisher as email,
      he/she should follow Beall’s list of predatory
      publications, think check submit criteria and
      Directory of open access journals (DOAJ) and
      PubMed indexation to authenticate the publisher.
      World Association of Medical Editors should
      initiate continuing medical education programs
      and workshops regarding predatory publishers
      throughout the globe through regional bodies
      such as Indian Association of Medical Journal
      Editors (India), Pakistan Association of Medical
      Editors (Pakistan) and Iranian Society of Medical
      Editors (Iran). The members of the above-said
      associations should conduct workshops and
      continuing medical education programs in
      regional areas to encourage ethical publishing
      in future. It will be more interesting if World
      Association of Medical Editors has come up with
      predatory publishers, detecting software installed
      in Medical Universities similar to plagiarism
      detection software to halt the flourishing of
      predatory publishers.
      PubDate: 2018-03-14
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2018)
  • Comparing Kirkpatrick’s original and new model with CIPP evaluation

      Abstract: In a young field like educational program
      evaluation, it is inevitable that conceptual
      frameworks such as Kirkpatrick model are
      revised with time and with greater knowledge.
      The New World Kirkpatrick Model (NWKM)
      is the new version of Kirkpatrick model which
      is more welcome to context and process, and
      hence probably much closer to the context–
      input–process–product (CIPP) model (1). The aim
      of this paper is to explore the similarities and
      differences between three well-known evaluation
      models including the original and new versions
      of Kirkpatrick model and CIPP model.
      The original version of Kirkpatrick model is an
      outcome-focused model evaluating the outcomes
      of an educational program, for instance, in the field
      of medical education, in four levels of reaction,
      learning, transfer and impact, respectively (2). The
      model is rooted in reductionist approach suggesting
      that the educational program success or lack of
      success can be explained simply by reducing the
      program into its elements and examining them (i.e.
      its outcomes) (3). Yet, Kirkpatrick’s original model
      fails to provide the evaluators with an insight
      into the underlying mechanisms that inhibit or
      facilitate the achievement of program outcomes
      (4). In response to this shortcoming, the new
      version of Kirkpatrick model added new elements
      to recognize the complexities of the educational
      program context (5).
      The most highlighted changes have been
      occurred at Level 3 to include processes that
      enable or hinder the application of learned
      knowledge or skills. The required drivers that
      reinforce, monitor, encourage, and reward
      learners to apply what is learned during training,
      on the job learning that happens outside the
      formal program and Learners’ motivation and
      commitment to improve their performance on the
      job are interfering factors that may influence the
      given outcomes at level 3. Learners’ confidence
      and commitment, and learners’ engagement and
      subject relevance ware added to Level 2 and level
      1, respectively, to broaden the scope of evaluation
      at these two levels (5).
      Although the NWKM appears to better
      embrace the complexity of educational programs,
      some investigators may declare that it would be
      similar to CIPP evaluation model. I suppose that
      there are some fundamental differences between
      them. The CIPP model stems from the complexity
      theory that takes into account the educational
      program as an open system with emergent
      dynamical interactions among its component
      parts and the surrounding environment. As aresult, CIPP pays explicit and implicit attention
      to the program context by considering context
      evaluation as a separate component of four
      complementary sets of evaluation studies, as
      well as identifying the contextual factors in
      other components of the model by employing
      a variety of qualitative methods (6). On the
      other hand, the NWKM is limited to measuring
      some confounding factors such as learner
      characteristics or organizational factors on
      program outcome achievement (1).
      Kirkpatrick, like many traditional program
      evaluation models, focuses on proving something
      (i.e. outcome achievement) about a program. Thus,
      it is usually conducted at the end of the program.
      CIPP, on the other hand, acknowledges program
      improvement, so providing useful information
      for decision makers during all phases of program
      development even when the program is still being
      developed (7). The NWKM has broadened the
      scope of traditional model by adding some
      process measures enabling evaluators to interpret
      the outcome evaluation results, but with the aim
      of proving an educational program.
      Overall, notwithstanding some improvement,
      NWKM has still some theoretical differences
      with the CIPP model resulting in varied
      methodological and practical preferences.
      However, it is not unexpected to witness more
      convergence around these evaluation models with
      greater knowledge and experience in the future.
      PubDate: 2018-03-14
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2018)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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