Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1478 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (700 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (358 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (112 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (117 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (358 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 359 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACI Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 19)
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Advanced Healthcare Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Dual Diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85)
Advances in Nursing Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Advances in Simulation     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Analytical Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Health Economics and Health Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Archives of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Australian Health Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Primary Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Rural Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Autism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 162)
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bereavement Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
BJR     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMJ Leader     Hybrid Journal  
BMJ Quality & Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
British Journal of Healthcare Assistants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
British Journal of Healthcare Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
British Journal of Hospital Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
British Journal of Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 187)
British Journal of School Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Bruce R Hopkins' Nonprofit Counsel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Nurse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription  
Children and Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chinese Medical Record English Edition     Hybrid Journal  
CIN : Computers Informatics Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Audit     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinics and Practice     Open Access  
Cognition, Technology & Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Communication & Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Community Based Medical Journal     Open Access  
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contemporary Nurse : A Journal for the Australian Nursing Profession     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Critical Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Culture, Health & Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Das Gesundheitswesen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Dental Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Droit, Déontologie & Soin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
E-Health Telecommunication Systems and Networks     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
East and Central African Journal of Surgery     Open Access  
Éducation thérapeutique du patient     Full-text available via subscription  
Emergency Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Enfermería Clínica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
European Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Evidence-Based Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family Practice Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Focus on Health Professional Education : A Multi-disciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Gastrointestinal Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Geron     Full-text available via subscription  
Global & Regional Health Technology Assessment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Health Action     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Global Health Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Management Journal (GHMJ)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Health Research and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Journal of Hospital Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Public Health: An International Journal for Research, Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Groupwork     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Handbook of Practice Management     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Social Care In the Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Health Care Management Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Health Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Health Expectations     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Health Facilities Management     Free   (Followers: 9)
Health Informatics Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian     Open Access  
Health Information Science and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health Policy and Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 59)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Health Reform Observer : Observatoire des Réformes de Santé     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Health Science Journal of Indonesia     Open Access  
Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Analytics     Open Access  
Healthcare Management Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Healthcare Policy / Politiques de Santé     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Healthcare Risk Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
HealthcarePapers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
História, Ciências, Saúde - Manguinhos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Hospital     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hospital a Domicilio     Open Access  
Hospital Infection Control & Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Hospital Pharmacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Hospital Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospital Practices and Research     Open Access  
Housing, Care and Support     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Human Factors : The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Human Resources for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
ICU Director     Hybrid Journal  
Ids Practice Papers     Hybrid Journal  
IEEE Pulse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IISE Transactions on Healthcare Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Independent Nurse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Index de Enfermeria     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Informatics for Health and Social Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
INQUIRY : The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Interface - Comunicação, Saúde, Educação     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
International Journal of Care Coordination     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Electronic Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Health Administration and Education Congress (Sanitas Magisterium)     Open Access  
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health Economics and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Health Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
International Journal of Health Planning and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Health Sciences Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Services Research and Policy     Open Access  
International Journal of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Healthcare     Open Access  
International Journal of Healthcare Technology and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Hospital Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Palliative Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
International Journal of Positive Behavioural Support     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
International Journal of Prisoner Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Privacy and Health Information Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Public and Private Healthcare Management and Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
International Journal of Reliable and Quality E-Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Research in Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Telemedicine and Clinical Practices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Telework and Telecommuting Technologies     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
International Journal of User-Driven Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Irish Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JAAPA     Hybrid Journal  
Jaffna Medical Journal     Open Access  
Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal for Healthcare Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Advanced Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 158)
Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Aging and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Ambulatory Care Management, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Arts and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Care Services Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Children's Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Chitwan Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Clinical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal     Open Access  
Journal of Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Compassionate Health Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Convention & Event Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Emergency Medical Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Forensic Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2091-0657 - ISSN (Online) 2091-0673
Published by Nepal Journals Online Homepage  [114 journals]
  • Impact of Dysmenorrhea on Female Adolescents

    • Authors: Poonam Karmacharya, Anshu Bhattarai, Indu Tiwari, Surjit Singh
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Introduction
      Dysmenorrhea is a common condition that usually presents itself with cramps or a dull ache, mostly in the abdominal region. Alongside the cramps, it is also common to suffer from other symptoms such as nausea, diarrhoea, constipation, mood swings and headaches. Dysmenorrhea has been considered a leading cause of occupational and college absenteeism among women, yet little is known about its actual impact. The objective of this study is to understand the impact of
      dysmenorrhea in the young female medical students. Methods
      A cross-sectional study was carried out in 100 undergraduate students of Manipal college of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal. Standardized Self-reporting questionnaires were used to obtain relevant data. Data entry and analysis were done in SPSS 20. Results
      Out of 100 females, Majority of girls, 84 out of 100 reported different grades of dysmenorrhea. The study also showed strong association of dysmenorrhea with the family history and the severity of dysmenorrhea was highly associated with college absenteeism and regularity of the cycle. (p-value<=0.005). Other symptoms like stomach cramp, anxiety, irritability, difficult in concentration and insomnia were also significantly associated with dysmenorrhea (p<0.005) while stress was strongly associated with the dysmenorrhea. (p<0.000). However, Backaches, painful breast, nausea, skin disorders, appetite and forgetfulness were not associated with dysmenorrhea (p>0.005). Conclusions
      Dysmenorrhea is found to be highly prevalent and has a negative impact on physical, social and academic activities of medical female students. The effect of dysmenorrhea is very wide, therefore managing the condition is very important.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.3126/jcmsn.v18i1.41142
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Mortality and Morbidity Patterns of COVID-19 Patients at a Tertiary Health
           Care Centre of Nepal

    • Authors: Prerna Bansal, Pallavi Koirala , Hari Prasad Upadhyay, Rashmi Maharjan, Satish Kumar Sah, Ayasha Shrestha
      Pages: 9 - 16
      Abstract: Introduction
      COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) associated with substantial morbidity and mortality putting the entire health system under strain. This study aims to assess the sociodemographic and morbidity factors of COVID-19 patients and their association with COVID-19 mortality. Methods
      It was an analytical cross-sectional hospital based study in a single tertiary level health care centre in Central part of Nepal. Total 425 COVID-19 patients who were treated at the tertiary health care centre from August 1st 2020 to December 31st 2020 were included in the research. Results
      Out of 425 patients, 230 (54.1%) were male and 195 (45.9%) were female. The mean age group of patients was 50.01±20.03 years, ranging from 7 days to 91 years of age. Total 262 (61.6%) patients had some type of comorbidity. The deaths were more in advancing age, in males and in patients residing in urban areas. Out of total deaths, 41(85.4%) patients had presence of some type of comorbidity. Age, place of residence, co-morbidities, length of hospital stay and place of treatment of patients showed a significant association with COVID-19 mortality with p-value <0.05. Conclusions
      COVID-19 mortality risk increases with advancing age and comorbidity. The global morbidity and mortality of the disease can only decline with the combined effect of preventive measures and health promotion of high risk groups especially those with morbidities like diabetes, hypertension and respiratory diseases.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.3126/jcmsn.v18i1.43100
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Functional Outcome and Quality of Life After Surgical Fixation of Tibial
           Plateau Fracture in a Tertiary Care Center of Nepal

    • Authors: Jagadish Thapa, Bikash Parajuli, Rohit Shrestha, Sabik Raj Kayastha, Nabaraj Acharya, Sudarshan Pandey
      Pages: 17 - 26
      Abstract: Introduction
      Functional outcome and quality of life (QoL) of patients will change following tibial plateau fracture fixation. There are limited studies evaluating functional and radiological outcomes following tibial plateau fixation in Nepal, and none has evaluated QoL. We aim to evaluate functional outcome and QoL in patients with tibial plateau fracture with a follow up period of more than two years. Methods
      This was a cross sectional, observational study done at Dhulikhel Hospital, from August 2021 to January 2022. Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) functional outcome and World Health Organization QoL-8 (WHOQoL-8) questionnaire were filled by patients operated for tibial plateau fracture from 2011 to 2019. Compound fractures, untraceable patients, and those managed with casts were excluded from the study. Results
      There were 121 patients (male: female = 2.3:1) with a mean age of 37.1 years. Road traffic accidents (44.6%) were the most common mode of injury, and Schatzker type IV (30.6%) was the most common type of fracture. The average WOMAC score was 13.05±12.1 and the average WHOQoL-8 score was 30.24±4.1. The average WOMAC score in high-energy and low energy trauma patients were 17.07±12.29 and 8.21±10 respectively. The average WHOQoL-8 in high energy and low energy
      trauma patients were 29.28±3.59 and 31.38±4.38 respectively. Conclusions
      Surgical reduction and stable internal fixation of tibial plateau fractures with long term follow up has a good functional outcome and quality of life. High energy trauma is associated with poor functional outcome and quality of life.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.3126/jcmsn.v18i1.43639
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Knowledge and Utilization of Postnatal Care Services among Mothers
           Residing in a Community of Jhapa District

    • Authors: Menuka Dahal, Sabitra Subedi, Punam Kumari Mandal, Suvekshya Silwal
      Pages: 27 - 35
      Abstract: Introduction
      Postnatal care is the most important maternal health care intervention for prevention of impairments, disabilities and also reduction of maternal mortality. However, mothers often only seek postnatal care in the event of complications after birth. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge and utilization of postnatal care services among mothers in a community at Buddhashanti, Jhapa. Methods
      A descriptive cross sectional research design was adopted. Sample was taken from married women in the reproductive age group, residing in Buddhashanti rural municipality of Jhapa District, who had a live baby less than 24 months old, attending immunization outreach clinics. Non-probability purposive sampling was used to collect data. The sample size was 104. Data were collected using a self-developed, semi-structured questionnaire through interview. Descriptive statistics such as
      frequency mean and standard deviation were used in the analysis of collected data. Association between dependent and independent variables was measured by using the Chi- square test. Results
      The finding of the study revealed that less than half (32.7%) of the mothers had good knowledge on postnatal care. Similarly, the majority (87.5%)of mothers had not utilized postnatal care services. Study revealed that level of knowledge had significant association with ethnicity, educational level of respondent and number of ANC visits with p- value 0.002, 0.038, 0.040 respectively. Furthermore, utilization of postnatal care had association with occupation of respondent and type
      of delivery (p- value<0.05). Conclusions
      This study showed that respondents had poor knowledge on postnatal care and the majority of respondents had not utilized postnatal care services. Study revealed that ethnicity; educational level of respondent and no. of ANC visit had association with level of knowledge. Furthermore, occupation of respondent and type of delivery had association with utilization of postnatal care.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.3126/jcmsn.v18i1.38353
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Knowledge and Practice of Documentation Techniques among Staff Nurses

    • Authors: Nirmala Gurung
      Pages: 36 - 41
      Abstract: Introduction
      Nurses are the backbone of health care systems. They are have to deal with documentation process regularly.There may be good knowledge and poor practice about documentation.The objective of the study is to find out knowledge and practice of documentation among staff nurses. Methods
      A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on staff nurses of a College of Medical Sciences- Teaching hospital between, after taking ethical approval from the Institutional Review Committee. A purposive sampling method was used and sample size was calculated to be 200. A structured questionnaire was used to collect the demographic details and knowledge and practice of documentation. Data was analyzed using statistical package for the social sciences version 20.
      Point estimate at 95% Confidence Interval was calculated along with frequency and percentage for binary data. Results
      The knowledge of documentation was seen adequate among 150(75%) staff nurses. The practice of documentation was seen poor 188(94%) among staff nurses. Conclusions
      The prevalence of adequate knowledge and poor practice is more in our study which is similar to other studies done in similar settings. Therefore, there is need of inservice education among staff nurses, thereby reaching a better patient care and safeguarding them from legal issues.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.3126/jcmsn.v18i1.43293
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Morphometric Analysis of Odontoid in Nepalese Individuals of Eastern Nepal

    • Authors: Subash Chandra Jha, Satendra Raut
      Pages: 42 - 48
      Abstract: Introduction
      There is ethnic variation in the morphometry of odontoid and it is always mandatory to know the anatomy of odontoid before surgery to achieve the success of the surgery either with 1 or 2 screws fixation. There is no literature on the morphometry of odontoids in the Nepalese population. Methods
      Two hundred and ten consecutive patients whose CT-scan of the head or cervical spine were done without any evidence of cervical injury or fracture were included in the study. Morphometric measurements were done using Horos software in axial, coronal, and sagittal planes. Results
      The mean age was 42.32 ± 16.16 (range 17-76) years including 104 males and 106 females. The mean screw length was 36.52 ± 3.14 mm and the screw insertion angle in relation to the inferior endplate of C2 vertebrae is 55.66 ± 4.74 degrees. The anteroposterior diameter of the odontoid was significantly more than the transverse diameter at the base and at the waist of the odontoid. A total of 97 (46.1%) individuals had their transverse waist diameter between 7.4 -9 mm and 31 (14.76%)
      had their dimension below 7.4 mm. Conclusions
      Almost 2/3rd of the Nepalese population has an inadequate diameter of odontoid for two 3.5 mm screws since the transverse waist diameter is less than 9 mm. Hence, either two 2.7 mm screws or a single 4.5 mm screw fixation should be considered in the majority of the cases but only after preoperative CT-scan-based morphometric measurement.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.3126/jcmsn.v18i1.40586
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Clinicomycological Study of Superficial Mycoses: A Changing Trend of
           Increasing Non-dermatophyte Mold Infection

    • Authors: Hari Pathave, Manjulata Dash, Gitanjali Sarangi, Prasenjeet Mohanty, Diptiranjani Bisoyi
      Pages: 49 - 59
      Abstract: Introduction
      Superficial mycoses refer to the diseases of skin and its appendages caused by fungi. The geographical distribution of fungi may change from time to time; hence this study was planned. To find out the prevalence of different clinical types of dermatomycoses and dermatomycotic mold infections and their etiological agents. Methods
      A total of 560 clinically diagnosed cases of superficial mycoses visiting tertiary care centre for a period of two years were included in the study. Specimens like skin scrapping, nail clipping, hair were collected and subjected to KOH mount and culture. Identification of species was done by macroscopic examination of culture, tease mount, slide culture and Germ tube test. Wood’s lamp examination was also performed. Results
      Superficial mycoses were more common in the age group of 21-30 years (33.22%) and in males (71.96%). Tinea corporis 163/469 (34.75%) was the commonest clinical type in dermatophytosis followed by tinea cruris 145/469 (30.92%). 53.04% cases were positive by direct microscopy and 62.86% cases showed culture positive. Out of 352 culture positive cases, dermatophytes were isolated in 80.11% followed by yeasts (15.91%) and non-dermatophyte molds (NDM) (3.98%). The most common isolate among dermtophytosis was Trichophyton rubrum 156/282 (55.32%). An Aspergillus spp., Hortaea werneckii,
      Cladophialophora carrionii and Exophiala jeanselmei were some of NDM. Conclusions
      It was found that along with dermatophytes, non-dermatophytic fungi are also emerging as an important cause of superficial mycoses. A rare NDM like Cladophialophora carrionii and Exophiala jeanselmei can have possible causative role in the tinea corporis.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.3126/jcmsn.v18i1.41141
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Trend and Usage of Internet for Self Directed Learning in Phase I MBBS
           Students in an Urban Medical College: Observations and Challenges

    • Authors: Swati Bhattacharyya, Suparna Roy, Kaushik Kar, Anindya Dasgupta
      Pages: 60 - 65
      Abstract: Introduction
      GMR 2019 have suggested fixed hours of self-directed learning (SDL) for all subjects for helping the students to develop their learning skills and sense of responsibility for a better learning in future. Presently, the trend of SDL is becoming more e learning centric in comparison to use of text books with its consequent advantages and disadvantages. The present study aimed to analyze the challenges associated with this trend in the phase 1 MBBS students. Methods
      In an interventional educative study 203 phase 1 students from an urban medical college were assessed for an SDL based project on clinical aspects of the urea cycle at the end of the topic ammonia metabolism in Department of Biochemistry. Output from students were analysed for their trend for using resource materials, selection of relevant materials and originality of their inputs during the SDL process. Data obtained were analysed for their percentage distribution and
      difference of mean values as applicable. Results
      Out of 197 students who submitted their SDL projects in completed form, 61% students used internet information only, 20% used books only while 19% used both their resource materials. 32% of them could not use right key words for search and produced irrelevant materials in their topic. About 58% adopted copy and paste process without any change. Interestingly, the marks obtained by text book users were significantly higher than those using e resource materials. Conclusions
      The present study reveals that in spite of having a higher inclination to use e learning resources most of the students are yet to coordinate between their study topic & internet information. Moreover, the trend for copying without comprehension was found to be significantly higher among e learners. Hence, the investigators suggest that for proper use of SDL, guidance by expert faculties regarding how to search internet properly using appropriate keywords and how to comprehend the core information of the e-resources into their own language are necessary to make it a successful component of CBME.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.3126/jcmsn.v18i1.41952
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Spectrum of Central Nervous System Tumours at Tertiary Care Centre in
           Nepal

    • Authors: Pramod Chaudhary, Sunil Munakomi, Narendera Joshi, Babita Khanal, Prakash Kafle
      Pages: 66 - 73
      Abstract: Introduction
      Most of the Central Nervous System tumors are benign. There is increase in the incidence in recent days which might be due to improved diagnosis with advancement in the ancillary studies. This study aims to provide a single centre histopathological spectrum of tumor of CNS. Methods
      This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of 138 cases of CNS tumors managed surgically in the department of neurosurgery from 2017 to 2020.All the histological subtypes and grading were reviewed. Data of the study population were analysed using SPSS version 25 and Microsoft excel. All the patients were classified as per the 2007 World Health Organization classification of central nervous system tumors. Results
      A total of 138 cases were analysed.One hundred and thirteen constitutes brain tumors and remaining 25 constitute the spinal tumors. Of the total cases, 132 were primary CNS tumor and remaining six were secondary CNS tumor. In cranial, 61 (44.2%) were extra axial tumors. There were 122 low grade tumor and remaining 16 were high grade tumors. Tumors of neuroepithelial origin were the most common 54 (38.9%) CNS tumors followed by meningiothelial tumors 36 (26.0%).Tumor were equally distributed in both the sex.Mean age of study population was 37.38 years ranging from 0.5 years to 75 years. Conclusions
      The present study concludes that the most common CNS tumour at our centre were neuroepithelial tumor mainly pilocytic astrocytoma followed by meningothelial.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.3126/jcmsn.v18i1.40623
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Lumbar Spondylosis: Occurrence by Gender and Age Strata at a Central
           Hospital, Ughelli in Nigeria

    • Authors: Anibar Ese, Efe Ahama, Owarieta Edith Oghenekohwo
      Pages: 74 - 79
      Abstract: Introduction
      Lumbar spondylosis (LS) is an abnormal growth of vertebral bones which is prevalent among individual and causes aging and trauma. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of LS at the Central Hospital, Ughelli. Methods
      A purposive sampling technique was utilized and data was subjected to SPSS version 25. The study adopted a retrospective and descriptive study design, which involved 261 females and 113 males. Totality of 374 lateral radiographs of patients aged 18years and above were utilized. Results
      LS was widespread among the subjects (n=298, 79.7%). It is found to be more prevalent among age group of 65-74 years, there was no significant association between age and occurrence of LS (x2 = 5.329; df = 1; n = 374; P = 0.255). In females LS was more prevalent among subjects in age group of 45-65 years while subjects >74 years had the least prevalence. There was no significant age variation in the prevalence of LS among females (x2 = 4.553; df = 4; n = 261; P = 0.336). In males LS
      was more prevalent among subjects in age group of 65-74 years while subjects in age group 35-44 years had the least prevalence. There was a significant age variation in the prevalence of LS among males (x2 = 13.559; df = 4; n = 113; P = 0.009). Conclusions
      This study showed high occurrence of LS. Its pervasiveness is peaked at age 65-74 years and 45-54 years in males and females respectively.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.3126/jcmsn.v18i1.42325
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • 2-Deoxy D-Glucose in COVID-19: Current Research Trends

    • Authors: Jared Robinson, Indrajit Banerjee, Alexandra Leclézio
      Pages: 80 - 84
      Abstract: 2-Deoxy D- glucose is a novel drug. It is an analogue of glucose which has innate therapeutic uses due to both its antiviral properties as well as its anti-neoplastic action. The SARS-CoV-2 virus binds to the host cell via the (S2) spike glycoprotein. Once viral entry has been gained into the host cell the virus hijacks the host’s intracellular machinery via 2 factors; 3CLpro
      and NSP15. It has been shown through the use of Toxicity estimation software as well as via Molinspiration that 2-Deoxy D- glucose and its aforementioned isomers can effectively bind with 3CLpro and NSP15 and intern thus immobilize the SARS-CoV-2 virus via the incapacitation of its viral receptors. On a molecular level the 2-Deoxy D- glucose derivatives produce a H bond with the glutamine AA residues of the SARS-CoV-2 (S2) spike, as well form a Hydrogen bond with the 2 Deoxy D-glucose and proline residues of the SARS-CoV-2 protease. It is thus evident via both molecular and in silico studies that 2 Deoxy D- glucose and its isomers have the ability to offer further protection and or have imperative diminution capabilities in the treatment of patients with the COVID-19 infection. 2-Deoxy D- glucose has shown promising results in clinical trials and has produced faster recovery in hospitalized patients and abridged additional oxygen dependence in COVID-19 patients in various states across India. The scope and potential for the use of 2-Deoxy D- glucose in the treatment of COVID-19 is evident. It is therefore of great importance that further in vivo studies are conducted with 2-Deoxy D-glucose in order to expedite the process of bringing this potentially lifesaving drug to market.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.3126/jcmsn.v18i1.37651
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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