Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1648 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (22 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (262 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (30 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (16 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (90 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (56 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (937 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (44 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (175 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (937 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 801 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
SINTESA : Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik     Open Access  
SN Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Social & Legal Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Social and Personality Psychology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Social Behavior and Personality : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Social Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Social Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Social Development & Security : Journal of Scientific Papers     Open Access  
Social Development Issues     Full-text available via subscription  
Social Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Social History Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Influence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Social Inquiry : Journal of Social Science Research     Open Access  
Social Justice Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Social Landscape Journal     Open Access  
Social Philosophy and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Social Policy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 144)
Social Research : An International Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Social Science & Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 99)
Social Science Computer Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Social Science Japan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Social Science Protocols     Open Access  
Social Science Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Social Science Spectrum     Open Access  
Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Social Sciences & Humanities Open     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Sciences and Missions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Social Sciences in China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Social Semiotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Social Studies and the Young Learner     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Social Studies of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Social Studies Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal  
Social, Humanities, and Educational Studies (SHEs) : Conference Series     Open Access  
Socialiniai tyrimai     Open Access  
Socialium : Revista Cientifica de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift     Open Access  
Sociedad e Infancias     Open Access  
Sociedade e Cultura     Open Access  
Sociedade e Estado     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sociétés & Représentations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Socio     Open Access  
Socio-analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Socio-Ecological Practice Research     Hybrid Journal  
Sociología y Tecnociencia     Open Access  
Sophia Austral     Open Access  
Soshum : Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora     Open Access  
Sosio Didaktika : Social Science Education Journal     Open Access  
SosioHumanika: Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan (Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Education)     Open Access  
Soundings : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics     Open Access  
Sozial Extra     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Soziale Passagen     Hybrid Journal  
Sri Lanka Journal of Advanced Social Studies     Open Access  
Sri Lanka Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Studi Magrebini : North African Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Studia Socialia Cracoviensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Studies in Asian Social Science     Open Access  
Studies in Social Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Sultan Agung Fundamental Research Journal     Open Access  
Suma de Negocios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Suomen Sukututkimusseuran Vuosikirja     Open Access  
Survey Research Methods     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Sustainability : Science, Practice, & Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Symmetry     Open Access  
Symposion : Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Søkelys på arbeidslivet (Norwegian Journal of Working Life Studies)     Open Access  
Tangent     Hybrid Journal  
Tapuya : Latin American Science, Technology and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Technology transfer: innovative solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
TechTrends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Teme : Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Tempo Social     Open Access  
Teoría y Praxis     Open Access  
Textos & Contextos (Porto Alegre)     Open Access  
The Batuk     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
The Equilibrium     Open Access  
The EXceptional Parent     Full-text available via subscription  
The New Yorker     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
The Tocqueville Review/La revue Tocqueville     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
The Winnower     Open Access  
The Women : Annual Research Journal of Gender Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Thesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Third Sector Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Tidsskrift for kjønnsforskning     Open Access  
Tidsskrift for samfunnsforskning     Open Access  
Tidsskrift for velferdsforskning     Open Access  
Tieteessä Tapahtuu     Open Access  
Tinkazos     Open Access  
Trabajos y Comunicaciones     Open Access  
Trama : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access  
Trans-pasando Fronteras     Open Access  
Transmodernity : Journal of Peripheral Cultural Production of the Luso-Hispanic World     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Transmotion     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Transtext(e)s Transcultures     Open Access  
Trayectorias Humanas Trascontinentales : TraHs     Open Access  
Trivium     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tulane Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Twentieth Century Communism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Twenty-First Century Society: Journal of the Academy of Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
UC Merced Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access  
UC Riverside Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access  
UED Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education     Open Access  
Ultima Década     Open Access  
Uluslararası Anadolu Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi / International Anatolian Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Umanistica Digitale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Uni-pluriversidad     Open Access  
Universidad de La Habana     Open Access  
Universidad y Ciencia     Open Access  
Universidad, Escuela y Sociedad     Open Access  
Universitas Científica     Open Access  
Universitas-XXI, Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
University of Mauritius Research Journal     Open Access  
Universum : Revista de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
UNM Environmental Journals     Open Access  
Unoesc & Ciência - ACSA     Open Access  
VA Engage Journal     Open Access  
Variations : Revue Internationale de Théorie Critique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
VFAST Transactions on Education and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Vilnius University Proceedings     Open Access  
Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Wani : Revista del Caribe Nicaragüense     Open Access  
War & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Weather, Climate, and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Wellbeing, Space & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Women Against Violence : An Australian Feminist Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Workplace : A Journal for Academic Labor     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World Journal of Social Science     Open Access  
World Journal of Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Youth Studies Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Zambia Social Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Medienwissenschaft     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Œconomia     Open Access  
Вісник ДонНУЕТ. Серія. Гуманітарні науки     Open Access  
Култура / Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5     

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Journal Cover
SN Social Sciences
Number of Followers: 1  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Online) 2662-9283
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2467 journals]
  • The archaeology of communities of practice in the southern Strait of
           Georgia, Salish Sea

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      Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study is to identify and describe the interactions of communities of practice in the Coast Salish past. Data from 30 archaeological sites in the southern Strait of Georgia, Salish Sea, are employed to assess the history of regional landscape use from 3200 BC to contact with Europeans. All types of material remains are included in this analysis, however the evaluation of fine-screen fish relative abundance is an important prerequisite to characterizing each site’s use. Evidence for ancestral communities of practice is visible at approximately 650 BC, a time of village aggregation. It is further apparent at c. AD 650, when regional settlement patterns changed again to focus on smaller habitation sites with increased seasonal movement. The notion of communities of practice, and similar understandings of cooperation among individuals working toward common goals, helps to reveal the influence of communities in the formation of Coast Salish identities.
      PubDate: 2022-12-06
       
  • Supporting the integration of first-year undergraduate widening
           participation sport students into university: the role of online programme
           induction

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      Abstract: Abstract Programme induction activities are a central feature for supporting successful student entry into university, playing an important role in ensuring they quickly settle, feel included, are motivated to learn and able to form new friendships and networks with peers and staff. Research shows how entering university can be complex and challenging for all students regardless of background and experience. This is particularly the case for widening participation students, who often encounter excessive social exclusion and financial pressures. By using Student Involvement Theory (Astin in J Coll Stud Pers 25:297–308, 1984) as a guiding theoretical framework and peer mentors as interviewees, the primary aim of this study was to explore the effectiveness of an exclusively online programme induction in supporting the integration of newly arrived first-year widening participation sports students into a post-92 British university. The key study finding was that online induction was more successful in gaining academic than social engagement. Participants devoted time and effort into their studies but had limited social involvement with other students, both from their programme and the wider university community. Practical implications for developing future online induction programme schedules to better support the transition of diverse student populations into university are presented, as are future research avenues and limitations.
      PubDate: 2022-12-06
       
  • Did she do it' Assessing culpability among a true crime audience

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      Abstract: Abstract Previous research has shown that several factors, both legal and extralegal, affect juror decision making as it relates to decisions of guilt and blame. These studies have mostly relied upon case scenarios or prior jury decisions to examine this issue. However, in this study, we utilized a new technique, or rather a new type of sample, to study potential juror decision making. Specifically, we utilized a true crime podcast audience as a proxy for potential jurors. The participants listened to one season of the true crime podcast, “Direct Appeal,” which is a presentation of a criminal case from beginning to end. At the end of the season in 2020, which consisted of 15 episodes, we administered a survey to the audience members. We received 302 survey responses. Our findings indicate that the extralegal characteristic of trustworthiness had the greatest impact on decisions of guilt and blameworthiness. Findings can inform policy and procedure as it applies to jury decision making.
      PubDate: 2022-12-04
       
  • Respectful maternity care in the UK using a decolonial lens

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      Abstract: Abstract Respectful maternity care (RMC) is part of a global movement addressing the previous absence of human rights in global safe maternal care guidance. RMC is grounded in kindness, compassion, dignity and respectful working conditions. The decolonisation movement in healthcare seeks to dismantle structural biases set up from a historically white, male, heteronormative Eurocentric medical system. This article applies a decolonising lens to the RMC agenda and examines barriers to its implementation in UK healthcare systems. Searches of peer-reviewed journals about decolonising maternity care in the UK revealed little. Drawing from wider information bases, we examine power imbalances constructed throughout a history of various colonial biases yet lingering in maternity care. The overarching findings of our analysis revealed 3 areas of focus: professional structures and institutional biases; power imbalances between types of staff and stakeholders of care; and person-centred care through a decolonial lens. To uproot inequity and create fairer and more respectful maternity care for women, birthing people and staff, it is vital that contemporary maternity institutions understand the decolonial perspective. This novel enquiry offers a scaffolding to undertake this process. Due to significant differences in colonial history between Western colonising powers, it is important to decolonise with respect to these different territories, histories and challenges.
      PubDate: 2022-12-04
       
  • Abrogation of article 370 and the question of asymmetrical federal
           arrangement in Northeast India

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      Abstract: Abstract India is the largest democracy with multi-religious, multi-cultural, multi-racial, and multi-lingual society. In a democratic society, asymmetrical federalism has evolved as an answer to the question of accommodating and managing diversity. The paper intends to explore how asymmetric federal institutions were implanted in the Constitution under articles 370, 371, and the sixth schedule. The central theme of this paper is the self-rule assertion in the Northeast to be placed under the concept of asymmetrical federal arrangement in relation to the recent abolition of article 370. It also analyses how differences in ethnicity and region were accommodated in nation-building through asymmetric federalism, traversing the challenges in crafting, and implementing. The abrupt abolition of article 370, ethnic conflict, and the aspirations for self-rule in the Northeast is debatable in the context of self-rule and shared-rule. The Indian government should have gone for a more conciliatory action. Moreover, it must be cautious and amiable in handling the fragile, existing conundrum of power-sharing federal arrangement and inclusivity in the Northeast and Jammu & Kashmir.
      PubDate: 2022-12-03
       
  • Housing movements and formal–informal planning practices in
           metropolitan Sao Paulo, Brazil

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      Abstract: Abstract The radical planning literature suggests that formal and informal planning practices shape urban planning in global South cities. However, studies focusing on the relationship between these planning practices remain limited as the literature has normally focused on them in a disparate fashion. On this basis, using a qualitative literature review approach, I look at the relationship between the formal (normative aspect/planning-on-paper) and informal (descriptive aspect/planning-in-practice) dimensions of planning in metropolitan Sao Paulo, Brazil by focusing on housing movements and their emancipatory practices in shaping urban spaces. I reveal that the formal legal framework (the 1988 Brazilian Constitution and the 2001 City Statute), formal planning institutions (the Federal government, the State of Sao Paulo, and Municipal governments), and formal planning tools and instruments (the Master Plan, Joint Urban Operations, Special Zones of Social Interest, etc.) are deficient in ensuring comprehensive urban planning and tend to serve as the basis for the emergence of “informal” housing planning practices. Therefore, to ensure effective and efficient urban planning in metropolitan Sao Paulo (with implications for other global South cities), formal planning must also view urban members as “urban planning agents”, part of “planning subjects”, instead of mere “recipients and beneficiaries”, part of “planning objects”.
      PubDate: 2022-12-03
       
  • Indian parliamentary discourse and securitization of Bangladeshi
           immigration into India

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      Abstract: Abstract Immigration from Bangladesh to India is a contentious and sensitive topic in Indian politics. Millions of Bangladeshis fled to India both legitimately and surreptitiously after the partition. The continuous flow of Bangladeshi immigrants has far-reaching implications for Indian politics. The political actors use a variety of negative connotations, traits, and expressions to portray immigration as a potential threat. This study investigates how Indian parliamentary discussions securitise Bangladeshi immigration. The involvement of political actors, their political ideologies, and the platform of presentation play a basic role in framing the discourse. This study analyses the discourse using data from Parliamentary questions from 2001 to 2020. The discourse-historical approach developed by Ruth Wodak is used as the methodological framework. This work uses the topos of number, threat, abuse, law, and right as the key argumentative strategies. After examining the Parliamentary debates on Bangladeshi immigration, this study finds that the arguments raised during these debates contribute to the intensification of the securitization discourse.
      PubDate: 2022-12-02
       
  • School principals versus teachers’ expectations: the interplay between
           school leadership and teachers’ job satisfaction in rural Tanzania

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      Abstract: Abstract Employees’ job satisfaction is critical for bettering work performance, reducing turnover intention, enhancing organizational commitment, and decreasing job burnout. Even though many studies have examined the relationship between leadership and employees’ job satisfaction in different sectors (and largely quantitatively), such studies did not specifically address the role of school principals in meeting teachers’ expectations as a strategy of augmenting job satisfaction for classroom teachers. Thus, the present study aimed to establish how the primary school headteachers influenced teachers' job satisfaction by meeting their job expectations in rural Tanzania. Employing a mixed-method approach and specifically the convergent parallel research design, the study used face-to-face interviews, Focus Group discussions and surveys, to collect data from a purposively selected sample of school headteachers (N = 82) and randomly selected teachers (N = 264), hence a cumulative sample of 346. Quantitative data were descriptively analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 25 whereas qualitative data were subjected to Thematic Analysis. The results indicate that headteachers attempted to meet teachers' job satisfaction by creating a conducive and supportive work environment, facilitating the teachers’ continuous professional development, and offering them the much-needed feedback regarding their job performances.
      PubDate: 2022-11-30
       
  • Influence of course content on preschool teacher candidates’ classroom
           

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      Abstract: Abstract It is strongly needed to enhance teacher training programs via extensive course content more specifically to improve classroom management skills of teacher candidates. In the current study, we aimed to evaluate effectiveness of an elective course grounded on various strategies and vital aspects of preventive interventions about classroom management competencies, professional beliefs, and emotion regulation skills of preschool teacher candidates. The research is a quasi-experimental field study with pretest–posttest, intervention-comparison groups design including combination of qualitative and quantitative datasets. The participant group consisted of 76 females and 4 males registered in a 4-year university degree preschool teacher training program. The intervention group received training including key aspects of social and emotional intervention programs widely used in preschool settings while the comparison group received training covering inclusive education principles and relevant practices. Findings showed a significant increase in proactive approaches and positive behavioral support rates in the intervention group, while the frequency of reactive approaches was lower than the comparison group. Contrary to expectations, we could not find any influence of the content on emotion regulation skills and teaching beliefs of the intervention group. Results show clear influence of elective course content on improved skills of preschool teacher candidates about classroom management approaches.
      PubDate: 2022-11-29
       
  • Searching missing links between hereditary vocation, community
           development, and well-being: a case study of snake charmer community (West
           Bengal, India)

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      Abstract: Abstract Unlike heterogeneous groups, in Indian society, the meaning and real-life impact of ‘community development’ and ‘wellbeing’ are not the same for the small community, like snake charmer. This vocational group is in a situation of multidimensional poverty. When this paper seeks to explain the causes behind the miserable life in connection with hereditary vocation and the role of existing community development policies for their wellbeing. To assess the missing links between the said concepts mainly quantitative approach has been adopted. Hence, 1109 randomized households have been chosen for psychometric analysis. The analytical dimensions are motivational attitude, conservation ethic, sense of ethnic identity, the impact of laws and globalization, beneficiary level through CDP, causes of exclusion in CDP, and modified CDP proposal. The result shows that the first six dimensions have higher values which signify strong connections between the complex bond of ethnicity and underdevelopment. While the major causes behind miserable life and unemployment are implemented laws and the impact of globalization. And their socio-political backwardness is the prime cause behind partial inclusion in CDP. Based on the study outcome, a ‘leaf-shaped’ development model (ISCD) is proposed, which will apply to the rational welfare of any underprivileged community.
      PubDate: 2022-11-29
       
  • Teenagers’ risk perception and awareness in the context of cultural bias
           and prior earthquake event in Iran

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      Abstract: Abstract In the literature of disaster, teenagers’ risk perception has not grown along with the impacts of disasters on them. Furthermore, little is known about teenagers’ cultural bias toward risks as a factor influencing human judgment and opinion about phenomena. This study seeks to fill these gaps in the literature through a comparative analysis conducted in two earthquake-prone areas; one has had a previous catastrophic seismic event and the other has not. Primary data were captured by an on-site survey using structured questionnaires developed through holding focus groups. Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics using IBM SPSS Statistics 20. Risk perception and awareness were compared among teenagers from two areas with different cultural bias. Interestingly, a significant difference was observed in the effect of prior event on teenagers’ risk perception from two areas, but no remarkable difference in the effect of cultural bias. Teenagers mostly tend to have hierarchism bias toward risks as a result of their social surrounding influence. This is a clear implication in risk communication, measures and actions that may implement by stakeholders as tendency toward risk reduction and preparedness is a function of bias and past experience.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
       
  • The role of leadership in educational innovation: a comparison of two
           mathematics departments’ initiation, implementation, and sustainment of
           active learning

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      Abstract: Abstract Several studies have shown that the use of active learning strategies can help improve student success and persistence in STEM-related fields. Despite this, widespread adoption of active learning strategies is not yet a reality as institutional change can be difficult to enact. Accordingly, it is important to understand how departments in institutions of higher education can initiate and sustain meaningful change. We use interview data collected from two institutions to examine how leaders at two universities contributed to the initiation, implementation, and sustainability of active learning in undergraduate calculus and precalculus courses. At each institution, we spoke to 27 stakeholders involved in changes (including administrators, department chairs, course coordinators, instructors, and students). Our results show that the success of these changes rested on the ability of leaders to stimulate significant cultural shifts within the mathematics department. We use communities of transformation theory and the four-frame model of organization change in STEM departments in order to better understand how leaders enabled such cultural shifts. Our study highlights actions leaders may take to support efforts at improving education by normalizing the use of active learning strategies and provides potential reasons for the efficacy of such actions. These results underscore the importance of establishing flexible, distributed leadership models that attend to the cultural and operational norms of a department. Such results may inform leaders at other institutions looking to improve education in their STEM departments.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
       
  • Ethno-Realistic Mathematics Education: The promising learning approach in
           the city of culture

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      Abstract: Abstract Freudhental's idea of Realistic Mathematics Education (RME) and D'Ambrosio's idea of Ethnomathematics must share some common principles. Both aim to create mathematics learning that eases students to understand concepts by discovering them and makes them understand the use of mathematics in response to their surrounding reality. I have implemented the RME by utilizing real contexts in mathematics learning all this time. However, the contexts have been used just to reinvent the mathematics concept, not explored further to earn the socio-cultural values which could be internalized by—and are helpful for—students. There have been various attempts to implement Ethnomathematics contexts in mathematics learning. So far, philosophers, researchers, and educators have not yet been comfortable with the role of Ethnomathematics in learning due to the absence of a procedure to implement the explored Ethnomathematics context. This gap inspired me to combine the theory of RME and Ethnomathematics, focus on their advantages, and name it Ethno-Realistic Mathematics Education (E-RME). This research aims to develop a theoretical framework of E-RME using an integrative literature review to fill the gap. The results could be a basis for researchers to implement RME using previously explored ethnomathematics contexts. As a result, I could expect an exemplary implementation of RME, rich in socio-cultural values used to build the student's character and ethics in utilizing science, especially mathematics.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
       
  • Rural small scale farmers’ smart mobile phone usage acceptance
           prognosticators for agricultural marketing information access

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      Abstract: Abstract The purpose of the article is to examine the rural small scale farmers’ smart mobile phone usage acceptance prognosticators for agricultural marketing information access in selected farming towns in Zimbabwe. Responses were collected from rural small scale farmers in Marondera, farming town in Zimbabwe using structured questionnaire with a 7 point Likert scale. The research study depicted that trust, social influence, perceived risk and relative advantage have positive influence on rural small scale farmers’ smart mobile phone usage acceptance for agricultural marketing information access adoption intention in Zimbabwe. The study has limitations which may affect the generalisability of the results since they can only be applied to the studied areas, all in Mashonaland East province of Zimbabwe. Agricultural marketers are encouraged to focus more attentively on smart mobile phone acceptance determinants such as social influence, perceived risk and trust when devising mobile agricultural marketing strategies especially during uncertain times. The study adds to theoretical literature development by extending knowledge on the UTAUT2 theoretical framework since there is paucity of research that have directly applied the same model in agricultural marketing and general agribusiness. Practically, the study enhances the need for adoption of contemporary technologies to solve the current challenges facing farmers in the marginalised rural areas, not only in Africa, but also dotted around the world.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
       
  • Masks and air rage: a qualitative content analysis using an interaction
           ritual framework

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      Abstract: Abstract During the pandemic, there was an alarming escalation in reports of air rage in the United States. Prior to the pandemic, the yearly average of unruly airline passenger behaviors was around 100 incidents per year. However, after mask mandates were issued, 5981 unruly passenger incidents in the United States were reported by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in 2021 alone. Therefore, we conducted a qualitative content analysis pertaining to mask-related incidents of air rage, to learn more about this recent social problem. We also applied an interaction ritual (IR) framework to the results of our analysis, to provide sociological insight concerning this issue. The goal of our exploratory research is to understand what it is about masks that cause certain groups of people to lash out violently while on airplanes. To date, little or no scholarly efforts have researched incidents of air rage in relation to masks. Therefore, our research provides a contribution by updating the literature on this topic.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
       
  • Empowering students to confront environmental injustice: Dialogue, theory,
           empathy, and partnership

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      Abstract: Abstract Many students find environmental justice to be emotionally overwhelming and/or politically alienating, and there is currently little work that provides instructors with effective techniques for addressing these types of challenges. In this paper, upon situating the environmental studies classroom and the broader undergraduate experience in sociohistorical context, we identify four sequential strategies for engaging and empowering students on environmental justice issues. First, instructors can facilitate an open and honest dialogue by strategically framing course content for the unique composition of the audience, sharing their own racialized experiences (or working with a guest speaker who would be willing to do so), and using interactive assignments to encourage student participation. Second, social theory can be presented to students as complimentary (rather than competing) ideas which can be used for creative, real-world problem solving. Third, instructors and students can cultivate empathy by acknowledging different standpoints, particularly those that have been historically marginalized. Lastly, by working in partnerships with community-based organizations, instructors and students can think and work beyond hero/savior and perpetrator/victim narratives. These strategies are not intended as a set of silver bullets, but rather as a series of potential starting points that are informed by recent scholarship on these topics.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
       
  • To wear or not to wear' Unpacking the #NoMask discourses and
           conversations on Twitter

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      Abstract: Abstract In the context of the COVID-19 health crisis, the use of face masks has been a topic broadly debated. In many Western countries, especially at the heights of the pandemic, discussions on the use of protective facemasks were often linked to what were mainly political considerations, often fueled by health-related misinformation. Our study brings together social sciences and computer science expertise to retrospectively unpack the #NoMask discourses and conversations using both network analysis approaches on big data retrieved from Twitter and qualitative analyses on sub-sets of relevant social media data. By looking comparatively at two dataset gathered at different stages of the health crisis (2020 and 2022), we aim to better understand the role of Twitter in that interesting area where the dissemination of health misinformation became capitalized by the political narrative linking the social discontent caused by the socio-economic impacts of the pandemic to specific political ideologies. Our analyses show that there has never been a unique ‘NoMask movement,’ nor a defined online community. Rather, we can identify a range of relatively niche, loosely connected, and heterogeneous actors that, in the course of the pandemic, independently pushed diverse (but converging and compatible) discourses. Conversations directly linked to the #NoMask relevant hashtags are overall limited, as twitters using them are not talking to each other; nonetheless, they successfully engaged a larger audience.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
       
  • Racial socialization: the development of perceptions about law enforcement
           among minority college students

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      Abstract: Abstract In the U.S., relations between minorities and police are at an all-time low; with strong evidence suggesting that minority males are more likely to possess negative perceptions of the police. The current study examines whether gender, immigration generational status, and race/ethnicity impact how parents socialize their offspring to interact with the police. A survey was administered to gather retrospective information from participants about the factors influencing young adult’s perceptions and beliefs regarding police officers. The results suggest that third-generation immigrants received “the talk” more comprehensively than their first- generation counterparts. Further, third-generation immigrants and males were more likely to receive the youth culture component of “the talk.”
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
       
  • Women’s political participation and performance as local government
           authorities under Ghana’s decentralization system

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      Abstract: Abstract Although there is considerable research on women’s political representation, not much is known within local government and sub-national political spaces. This article, therefore, investigates the nature of women’s political representation and their performance as assemblywomen under Ghana’s district assembly system of local government and development. In doing so, we address two important questions. First, how have assemblywomen performed in the delivery of democratic representation, in terms of responsiveness and downward accountability' Second, why have women’s political representation and performance as local authorities remained relatively lower compared to men' Our findings show that assemblywomen perform better in community engagement, delivery of community-driven development projects, awareness of decentralized roles and effectiveness of project delivery. However, we found that, lack of self-confidence, low educational levels, lack of affirmative policies, the cultural context, fear of losing elections and religious beliefs regarding men as household heads explain relatively lower women’s representation and performance in local government in Ghana. We recommend public education and capacity building interventions to support transformative participation of women in local governance and development in Ghana.
      PubDate: 2022-11-04
       
  • Inequality, population growth, and hunger in Sub-Saharan Africa

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      Abstract: Abstract Despite increasing population and inequality in most countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and their tendencies to aggravate hunger there is still dearth of knowledge on their effects on hunger in the region. Therefore, the study used data for 46 SSA countries from 2007 to 2017 to examine the effects of inequality and population on hunger by adopting the System Generalized Method of Moment approach as it is specifically applicable in this situation. Results showed that inequality (p < 0.01) and population growth (p < 0.1) significantly increased the level of hunger, while GDP per capita (p < 0.01) and Food Production index (p < 0.1) significantly reduced hunger in the region. Arellano–Bond test confirmed the validity of the GMM results by rejecting the null hypothesis of non-existence of autocorrelation of the first order and accepting that of the second order in the disturbance term, while the Hansen and Sargan tests affirmed that variables used as instruments were valid in line with expectations. Robustness of the result was also confirmed as the coefficient of the lagged response variable (0.8701) fell between the fixed effect model estimate (0.5165) and pooled OLS estimate (0.9571) in line with theory. The study recommended policies capable of reducing inequality, boosting economic growth, and controlling excessive population growth, while food production and value addition are encouraged in order to avert hunger in the region.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
       
 
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