Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1700 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (22 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (262 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (30 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (16 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (90 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (56 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (989 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (44 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (175 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (989 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
(En)clave Comahue. Revista Patagónica de Estudios Sociales     Open Access  
3C Empresa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
A contrario     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AAS Open Research     Open Access  
Abant Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Humana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actes de la Journée des Sciences et Savoirs     Open Access  
Adelphi series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 145)
Administrative Theory & Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Arts, Social Sciences and Education Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Afrika Focus     Open Access  
Ágora : revista de divulgação científica     Open Access  
Akademik Hassasiyetler     Open Access  
AKADEMOS     Open Access  
Al Farabi Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Al-Mabsut : Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial     Open Access  
AL-Qadissiya Magzine for Human Sciences     Open Access  
Aleph : UCLA Undergraduate Research Journal for the Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aletheia : Revista de Desarrollo Humano, Educativo y Social Contemporáneo     Open Access  
Algarrobo-MEL     Open Access  
Alinteri Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Alliage     Free  
Ambigua : Revista de Investigaciones sobre Género y Estudios Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Anais Eletrônicos do Congresso Epistemologias do Sul     Open Access  
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales de la Universidad de Chile     Open Access  
Análisis     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Andamios. Revista de Investigacion Social     Open Access  
Anduli : Revista Andaluza de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Ankara Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ankara University SBF Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Humanities and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Annuaire de l’EHESS     Open Access  
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Approches inductives : Travail intellectuel et construction des connaissances     Open Access  
Apuntes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Apuntes de Investigación del CECYP     Open Access  
Arbejdspapirer : Professionshøjskolen Metropol     Open Access  
Arbetsliv i omvandling     Open Access  
Arbor     Open Access  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Argumentos : Revista do Departamento de Ciências Sociais da Unimontes     Open Access  
Argumentos. Revista de crítica social     Open Access  
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription  
Arquivos do CMD : Cultura, Memória e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
ArtefaCToS : Revista de estudios sobre la ciencia y la tecnología     Open Access  
Articulo - Journal of Urban Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Quality of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences     Open Access  
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Astrolabio, Nueva Época     Open Access  
Ateneo Chinese Studies Program Lecture Series     Open Access  
Aurum Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Population Studies     Open Access  
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies     Open Access  
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BARATARIA. Revista Castellano-Manchega de Ciencias sociales     Open Access  
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Behavioural Sciences Undergraduate Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berkeley Undergraduate Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Bhakti Persada : Jurnal Aplikasi IPTEKS     Open Access  
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Bildhaan : An International Journal of Somali Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Black Sea Journal of Public and Social Science     Open Access  
Black Women, Gender & Families     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Bodhi : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Body Image     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Borderlands Journal : Culture, Politics, Law and Earth     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brain and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BU Academic Review     Open Access  
Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Búsqueda     Open Access  
Cadernos de Ciências Sociais Aplicadas     Open Access  
Cadernos de Estudos Sociais     Open Access  
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access  
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
California Journal of Politics and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cambio : Rivista sulle Trasformazioni Sociali     Open Access  
Caminho Aberto : Revista de Extensão do IFSC     Open Access  
Campos en Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Caradde : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
Carbon Capture Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Castalia : Revista de Psicología de la Academia     Open Access  
Catalan Social Sciences Review     Open Access  
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chandrakasem Rajabhat University Journal of Graduate School     Open Access  
Changing Societies & Personalities     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
China Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Journal of Social Science and Management     Open Access  
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cidadania em Ação : Revista de Extensão e Cultura: Notícias     Open Access  
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciência ET Praxis     Open Access  
Ciencia y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access  
Ciencia, Técnica y Mainstreaming Social     Open Access  
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciências Sociais Unisinos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Sociales y Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Sociales y Religión/Ciências Sociais e Religião     Open Access  
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Científic@ : Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access  
Circular Economy and Sustainability     Hybrid Journal  
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access  
Civilizar Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CMU Journal of Law and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Cogent Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Colección Académica de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Community Empowerment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Compendium     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal  
Comuni@cción     Open Access  
Comunitania : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
ConCiencia     Open Access  
Confluenze Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani     Open Access  
Connections     Open Access  
Conocimiento, Investigación y Educación CIE     Open Access  
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
CONTRA : RELATOS desde el Sur     Open Access  
Contribuciones desde Coatepec     Open Access  
Convergencia     Open Access  
Cooperativismo y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Critical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CTheory     Open Access  
Cultura Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultura y Representaciones Sociales     Open Access  
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culturas. Revista de Gestión Cultural     Open Access  
Culture e Studi del Sociale - CuSSoc     Open Access  
Culture Scope     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Social Sciences     Open Access  
Cywilizacja i Polityka     Open Access  
Dalat University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Debats. Revista de cultura, poder i societat     Open Access  
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Derecho y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desafios     Open Access  
Desde El Sur     Open Access  
Desde la patagonia : Difundiendo saberes     Open Access  
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)

        1 2 3 4 5     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Circular Economy and Sustainability
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2730-597X - ISSN (Online) 2730-5988
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2484 journals]
  • The Development of Spatial Circularity Discourse in Japan: Ecomodernist,
           Territorialised, or Both' The Story of Onomichi’s Wastescapes

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      Abstract: Globally, many national, regional, and urban governments are facilitating circular economy transitions through various pathways. The European Union and China have spearheaded the worldwide shift towards circularity by adopting primarily ecomodernist and technocratic approaches. However, the relevant literature has highlighted the need to integrate conceptualisations of circularity that are more politically and spatially embedded to better suit the local contexts and actual social needs of specific populations. In this paper, we therefore argue that the Japanese approach to circular practices exemplifies a place-bound and just pathway and offers a potential alternative to the European and Chinese methods. Accordingly, we first trace the historical roots of spatial circularity in Japan and then articulate some contemporary circular concepts. Next, we present a detailed analysis of wastescapes in the city of Onomichi to demonstrate through the lived experiences of its citizens that the rather orthodox understandings of circularity that permeate Japanese discourse on circularity coexist with alternative considerations that promote human interactions with nonhuman nature, acknowledge spatial ranges of operations, and value traditional knowledge.
      PubDate: 2022-01-11
       
  • A Perspective of the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Plastic Waste Management and
           Cooperatives of Waste Pickers in Brazil

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      Abstract: Brazil is the fourth largest producer of plastic waste in the world. Among all the challenges the country had faced in the development of public policies for the banning of single-use plastics, the new coronavirus pandemic scenario determined the suspension of these laws indefinitely. In 2020, Brazil became the global epicenter of COVID-19. This scenario changed the habit and behavior of Brazilian consumers, who increased the consumption of plastics due to their importance in applications as protective material. The country also has social problems related to waste management that depend mainly on waste pickers. These workers need social visibility and protection not only to face the current health crisis but also to guarantee their income and survival. This work aims to discuss the increase in single-use plastics that are not intended for recycling and the respective environmental, economic, and social impacts for the country. We demonstrate the lack of data on waste management in Brazil and highlight the importance of the social inclusion of waste pickers for a circular economy. Especially after the change of scenario with the COVID-19 pandemic, the country must have adequate planning and improvements in waste management, recycling programs, and political intervention to raising awareness among the population and guaranteeing social rights for waste pickers.
      PubDate: 2022-01-10
       
  • Negotiating Stakeholder Relationships in a Regional Circular Economy:
           Discourse Analysis of Multi-scalar Policies and Company Statements from
           the North of England

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      Abstract: Circular economy (CE) literature discusses the need for cooperation between different stakeholders to promote a CE; there is also an assumption regarding the benefits of loop closing on a local or regional scale. However, the potentially conflicting priorities, understandings, and expectations of the stakeholders involved have not been sufficiently addressed. Regional (or local) authorities have a responsibility to promote prosperity for stakeholders in their administrative region, within the constraints of national policy; conversely companies can have financial imperatives associated with stakeholders who may be globally distributed. Evidence of these conflicting priorities, the various positions stakeholder take, and their expectations of each other can be seen in the language choices regional actors make in their public-facing policy and report documents. The aim of the paper is to consider the challenges for creating a regional-scale CE that might arise from the differing priorities and values of companies and public agencies relating to specific places. It uses discourse analysis (including critical approaches) to examine how policy and business documents represent the stakeholders of the CE, their place in it, their priorities, and, importantly, the relationship between CE actors, focusing on the case of North Humberside on the North East coast of England. The plans set out in these reports are designed for external stakeholders and allow us to gain an insight into company and policy thinking in relation to CE developments in the coming years, including how they view each other’s roles. Findings indicate a shared motivation across scales and sectors for the CE as a means towards sustainable growth within which business plays a central role. However, there is a critical double disjuncture between different visions for implementation. First, between policy scales, a regional-scale CE is prioritised by regional policymakers, who have an interest in economic advantage being tied to a specific place and call for national scale support for their actions. Second, between regional policymakers and business, companies focus on their own internal operations and potential supply chain collaborations, with little attention given to the regional scale. This can be seen in the way organisations represent the actors of a nascent CE differently. In addition, a hegemonic business-focused growth discourse excludes other visions of the CE; the public are relegated to a passive role primarily as consumers and recipients of under-specified “opportunities” of wealth creation. CE theorisations need to incorporate and address these critical perspectives in order to support the development of strategies to overcome them.
      PubDate: 2022-01-05
       
  • Current Panorama, Practice Gaps, and Recommendations to Accelerate the
           Transition to a Circular Bioeconomy in Latin America and the Caribbean

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      Abstract: The rampant use of resources and the increasing risk of scarcity have been contributing to greater awareness regarding the need for maintaining resources in use for longer and the shift to renewable alternatives, in which perspective the concept of a circular bioeconomy (CBE) has been permeating the most diverse sectors. Therefore, the study’s aims were manifold: identify (i) existing practices and initiatives, (ii) barriers and potential opportunities and (iii) existing gaps for advancing a circular bioeconomy in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) and (iv) provide recommendations aiming at the development of a circular bioeconomy (CBE) in the region. To that end, a systematic review of the existing academic literature was done, and reports from relevant non-peer reviewed sources were also consulted. CBE practices in LAC are concentrated in only a few of the countries in the region and very much revolve around recovering value from by-products and waste streams. There are a range of economic, technological, environmental, and social barriers. Opportunities for a CBE are mainly related to the use of waste as raw material (found abundantly in the countries being investigated) and the use of new techniques/technologies. The gaps between the current state and a successful CBE are related to policy, scaling-up, collaborations, and establishing efficient business models. Recommendations for a successful CBE in the region include greater engagement of public actors, investing and developing the local economy, establishing biorefineries and industrial parks, and finding new technological routes for bioresources.
      PubDate: 2022-01-04
       
  • A Framework for Assessing the Contribution of Firms to Circular Economy: a
           Triple-Level Approach

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      Abstract: This paper presents a framework for evaluating the progress of firms towards the implementation of circular economy (CE) strategies. Despite the current popularity of CE and the proliferation of suggested indicators and measurement frameworks for CE, there still remains a gap regarding the measurement of firms’ contribution to the overall context of CE. The proposed framework aims at overcoming this gap by utilizing an evaluation matrix which is based on the three-level context of CE, the key “Rs” principles/strategies of CE, and material loops. To test the applicability of the proposed methodology, an empirical analysis was carried out in a sample of plastic industries. According to the findings, firms show a better performance at the macro-level than the other levels which should be substantially improved. In addition, the empirical analysis indicates that the proposed framework can be a practical tool for firms and interested parties to assess the CE level of firms.
      PubDate: 2022-01-04
       
  • Commercialization, Diffusion and Adoption of Bioformulations for
           Sustainable Disease Management in Indian Arid Agriculture: Prospects and
           Challenges

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      Abstract: Trichoderma spp. is one of the most popular genus of fungi commercially available as a plant growth promoting fungus (PGPF) and biological control agent. More than 80 species of Trichoderma are reported in the literature. However T. asperellum, T. harzianum, T. viride, and T. virens are most commonly utilized as biocontrol agents. Studies were initiated to explore the potential of biocontrol agents in order to develop a cost effective and practical management strategy. Analysis of large number of soil samples collected from western parts of the region led to isolation of native biocontrol agents viz., Trichoderma harzianum, Aspergillus versicolor, and Bacillus firmus from different agricultural systems. These biocontrol agents have proved their antagonistic ability in laboratory tests and field trials. In India, two species of Trichoderma i.e., T. viride and T. harzianum are commercially registered for usage against soil borne plant pathogens mostly as a seed treatment or soil application. There are published scientific papers on the efficacy of T. asperellum and T. virens in India for suppressing pathogens but these are not yet registered under Central Insecticide Board and Registration Committee (CIB & RC). This review article focuses on the uses, commercialization and adoption issues of various fungal and bacterial consortium products in sustainable disease management.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
       
  • Assessment of Bioenergy Generation Potential of Agricultural Crop Residues
           in India

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      Abstract: Crop residues are sustainable feedstock for bioenergy production. The gross crop residue potential generated in India is 696.38 million tonnes/year. Cereal crops generate about 364.27 million tonnes/year of crop residues. Cereal crops (rice, wheat, sorghum, pearl millet, maize), sugarcane and horticultural crops (coconut, areca nut, banana) are found to have immense crop residue generation potential. Crop residues of 209.69 million tonnes/year are available as surplus and can be explored for bioenergy generation. Cereals and sugarcane account for 75% of surplus crop residues. Spatial variations existing between states in terms of surplus crop residue generation are due to crop acreage and crop productivity. Uttar Pradesh generates 116.69 million tonnes/year of gross crop residues and 41.76 million tonnes/year of surplus crop residues. States like Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu generate surplus crop residues in the range between 7.62 and 18.3 million tonnes. Surplus crop residues can generate about 3.96 EJ of energy. Cereal crops, sugarcane and horticultural crops have potential to contribute significantly to bioenergy production. Bioenergy generation from crop residues in India can meet growing renewable energy demand. It is a viable and sustainable alternative, as the energy generated can reduce the use of fossil fuels, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, mitigate climate change and also empower the marginal and small farmers in terms of income and employment opportunities. Assessment of bioenergy potential from crop residues provides a path to tap the bioenergy opportunities, to minimize the constraints on the use of crop residues, to support investment decisions and efficient utilization of available biological resources.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
       
  • An Assessment of Smallholder Farmer’s Status in the Capricorn District
           in Limpopo Province, South Africa

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      Abstract: This paper points the state of smallholder farmers in terms of the socio-economic, support and yielding statuses in the Capricorn District, Limpopo Province, South Africa. The aim of the paper is to evaluate the status of smallholder farmer in terms of agricultural production. The study used a representative sample consisting of 50 smallholder farmers, with 546 beneficiaries participating in the research. Four local municipalities were visited, namely, Polokwane, Molemole, Lepelle–Nkumpi and Blouberg. Quantitative and qualitative plan was used as a detailed questionnaire written in English. Focus group discussion, a stakeholder’s discussion and field observations were used. A purposive sampling technique was used to select fifty smallholder farmers, and data was coded, captured and analysed with a software Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 20). Descriptive and correlations analysis results showed a significant association among the following variables: crops planted, size of land, source of water, type of market and land acquisition. The results also indicated that natural resources like land and water are the prerequisite for a smallholder farmer to engage in agricultural production. This will enable smallholder farmers to plant different crops and to identify market opportunities. It is recommended that organisations that oversee the improvement of socio-economic conditions, policy, food security and rural development should use the results of this study as a guide for their planning and decision-making for improved smallholder farmers’ livelihoods.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
       
  • Sustainability, Efficiency, and Circularity of Weedy Rice Management
           Strategies

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      Abstract: Weeds have always been a serious problem for farmers and especially nowadays given the current challenges related to food security and agriculture sustainability. During the last three decades, the increasing scarcity of labor, energy, and water has led to a switch of the rice establishment method from traditional hand transplanting to direct seeding. While the latter presents some advantages, it also fosters weeds among which weedy rice is considered the worst because it has a strong competitive ability, and as a congeneric of cultivated rice is very difficult to control. There are currently three main weed management strategies in rice: synthetic herbicides, herbicide-resistant rice varieties, and integrated weed management (IWM). However, all these strategies have low effectiveness and sustainability. Even though IWM is strongly recommended, its adoption remains very low owing to its complexity and the additional cost it induces. The use of crop rotation and cover crops is sustainable and consistent with the circularity principles, but this strategy presents the same drawbacks than those associated with IWM. We stress that other strategies used to control or suppress weedy rice are more efficient, sustainable, and consistent with the bioeconomy principles. They encompass the control of the pathways to weediness by ferality as well as the improvement of rice cultivars’ fitness based on allelopathic effects. Other non-chemical weed management strategies, such as the use of bioherbicides, are promising given the current transition towards bioeconomy and circular economy.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
       
  • Vaccine Innovation for Pandemic Preparedness: Patent Landscape, Global
           Sustainability, and Circular Bioeconomy in Post-COVID-19 era

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      Abstract: In this article, we present breakthroughs and challenges in vaccine development for COVID-19 pandemic, discussing issues related to pandemic preparedness and their implications for circular bioeconomy and sustainability. Notwithstanding the unprecedented accelerated speed of COVID-19 vaccine development, just 9 months after the emergence of the pandemic in Wuhan, China, benefiting from previous developments in SARS and MERS vaccines, significant gaps persist in global vaccine preparedness. These gaps include issues related to immunity and protection, particularly to the limited vaccine protection against recent emergence of concerning new viral variants in the UK, South Africa, and Brazil and the consequent need for vaccine redesign. We examine these gaps and discuss the main issues that could impact on global vaccine availability in the current pandemic scenario: (1) breakthroughs and constraints in development and production of leading global COVID-19 vaccines; (2) innovation and technological development advances and gaps, providing information on global patent assignees for COVID-19, SARS, and MERS vaccine patents; (3) local capacity for development and production of COVID-19, SARS, and MERS vaccines in three emerging agro-based countries (India, Brazil, and South Africa); and (4) future scenarios, examining how these issues and vaccines redesign for new SARS-CoV-2 variants could impact on global access to vaccines and implications for circular bioeconomy and sustainability in the post-COVID era.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
       
  • Opportunities and Constraints Faced by Smallholder Farmers in the Vhembe
           District, Limpopo Province in South Africa

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      Abstract: This paper highlighted the opportunities and constraints faced by smallholder farmers in the Vhembe District Municipality (VDM) of Limpopo province. The VDM is well-known for agricultural opportunities as different agricultural commodities such as vegetables and fruits are produced in this district. The Agricultural Research Council (ARC) conducted an assessment in VDM in collaboration with the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform (DRDLR) aimed at identifying opportunities and constraints faced by smallholder farmers. A total of (52) horticultural projects with 1003 beneficiaries participated in the study and were from the following four local municipalities: Mutale, Thulamela, Makhado and Musina. Quantitative and qualitative research designs were employed as copies of structured questionnaire written in English were developed to elicit information for the study. The study also included group discussion, stakeholder’s discussion, as well as field observations. Purposive sampling technique was used in selecting fifty-two (52) projects, in order to cover the uniformity and homogenous characteristics such as infrastructure requirements, skills availability, production challenges and agricultural training needs, among other factors. Data was coded, captured and analysed using Social Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and descriptive analysis was conducted. The results showed that some of the opportunities available in VDM is the high agricultural production in some parts of Vhembe, while market access, the use of traditional land and limited water resources remain some of the constraints hindering the development of the agriculture sector in the area. The study recommends the establishment of fruits and vegetable markets through possible links to AgriPark in the Vhembe local municipalities. This will ensure increased production and consumption of fruit and vegetables, creating a complete and viable agro-value chain that will expand community-driven agricultural production and processing, and enhance the role of horticultural crops in addressing the immense malnutrition problem of vulnerable groups in South Africa. Lastly, it is important to note that establishing fruits and vegetable markets (AgriPark) in the VDM will create job opportunities for local people and stimulate the local economy.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
       
  • Circular Food Futures: What Will They Look Like'

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      Abstract: Potentially dramatic changes in the organisation of the food system are being driven by both consumers and producers. Consumers are demanding higher quality produce and more direct connection to producers. For farmers, more extreme weather events and global competition are increasingly making industrial agriculture less economically viable. This paper explores how circular economy (CE) debates might contribute to, and support, the changes needed for a sustainable future. Full compliance with the three objectives of a CE identified by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation might help to describe a sustainable and circular food future. An analysis of the food system is therefore carried out to determine how food systems may be organised to (a) design out waste and pollution, (b) keep products and materials in use and (c) regenerate natural systems. One critique of CE debates is the failure to explore systemic shifts and possible futures that are not an extrapolation of current conditions. This analysis of the food system points to the need for a decentralised network of diverse, polyculture farms, each with integrated energy and water micro-grids, and managed at a local level. Co-locating food producers with food consumers, as much as possible, creates an integrated village system at the food-water-energy-housing nexus. Villages may then be networked to enable collaboration for sharing of rarer skills or the satisfaction of more complex needs and wants, forming a trading network of circular economy villages. It is therefore posited that the transition to a fully circular economy will require a paradigm shift—another agricultural revolution—the transition away from large-scale industrial agriculture to a decentralised network of circular food systems.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
       
  • Detection of Urban and Environmental Changes via Remote Sensing

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      Abstract: Rapid climate and environmental change at limited, regional, and general scales have been a major concern for researchers in a number of fields, such as topography, economy, environment, and sustainable development. Changes in land cover and land use have taken into account due to potential impacts on soil depletion, amplified run-off, water balance, and climate change. A detailed understanding of the characteristics of land exploitation and land structure is indispensable for the study of their influences on life and nature. In addition, urban extension is a major form of land extraction and land transformation, as it relates to the rise in population and the availability of financial services. Remote sensing records have been shown to be important for reporting and perceiving urban development and transition, and for providing critical information for future growth. Transformation and shift identification are the tools used to recognise distinctions in a land cover by tracking them at various times. In addition, various change identification and detection approaches are routinely tested with the goal of providing the greatest change detection deductions for a particular appliance. This review would aim to establish a practical plan that combines remote sensing techniques, on the one hand, and modelling approaches, on the other, to track land use, to cover changes, and to predict future trends.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
       
  • Bioeconomic Approach to Hazelnut Crop’s Assessment

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      Abstract: The analysis regards the simulation of conversion of the durum wheat cultivation into hazelnut. This research is based on a case study in the province of Viterbo (Italy), where the durum wheat production and the hazelnuts represent the primary cultures adopted in this area. The purpose of this study is to analyse the number of people employed in the production of hazelnuts and durum wheat to understand if the intensification of hazelnut production has a positive impact on social sustainability and if the conversion process from durum wheat to hazelnuts is socially sustainable, in order to fill a gap in the existing literature. The social impact analysis shows that the hypothesis would be positive for the agricultural occupation of the Municipalities of the Province of Viterbo considered. The results showed as the conversion from the cultivation of durum wheat in hazelnut has brought to a considerable increase in agricultural occupation. Finally, I analysed the effects of the pandemic’s crisis on the COVID-19 virus in the choices related to the conversion between durum wheat and hazelnuts.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
       
  • Algae-Based Biorefinery as a Sustainable Renewable Resource

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      Abstract: Algae are a large and diverse group of autotrophic organisms that are multicellular and single-celled and found in a variety of environments. Biofuel production and value-added chemicals produced through a sustainable process are represented by the biorefinery of algae. Algae are important because of the production of polysaccharides, lipids, pigments, proteins, and other compounds for pharmaceutical and nutritional applications. They can also be used as raw materials for biofuel production. Moreover, they are useful for wastewater treatment. All these factors have absorbed the attentions of researchers around the world. This review focuses specifically on the potentials, properties, and applications of algae as a sustainable renewable resource, which can be a good alternative to other sources due to their high biomass production, less land required for cultivation, and the production of valuable metabolites.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
       
  • New Kids on the Recycling Block: the Role of Supermarkets and Bodegas for
           Sustainable Consumer Behaviour in Lima

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      Abstract: Only 4% of total municipal solid waste in Lima is recycled. Supermarkets and bodegas are in a unique, highly relevant position for the transition towards a circular economy due to their direct influence on customers’ consumption patterns. This paper explores the role of supermarkets and bodegas for consumer recycling behaviour, looking both at already implemented practices and possibilities for the future. Based on semi-structured interviews conducted with key actors in the recycling sector in 2019 and 2020, we analyse the sector regarding its main actors and their different interests, the interactions between them and the regulatory framework, as well as specific initiatives undertaken to increase recycling. We then compare the main mechanisms through which consumer recycling behaviour can be influenced between supermarkets and bodegas based on the three categories convenience, knowledge and socio-psychological factors. Our in-depth analysis outlines the different pros and cons for each of the three categories in detail.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
       
  • Economic Shock and Agri-Sector: Post-COVID-19 Scenario in India

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      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic had a devastating impact on the human health and global economy. The food and agriculture sectors have also felt these effects. In many countries, the measures taken to curb the spread of the virus were initiated to hinder the supply of agricultural products to markets and consumers inside and outside the borders. How this impacts the food safety, nutrition, and the livelihoods of farmers, fishermen, and others working in the food supply chain depends mainly on short-, medium-, and long-term policy responses. Epidemics pose severe challenges to the food system in the short term, but they also offer an opportunity to face challenges and accelerate the transformation of the food and agricultural sectors to increase resilience. The aim of the review was to highlight the valuable insight on the impact of COVID-19 on the Indian agricultural system and rural economy, as well as potential strategies for post-pandemic recovery.
      PubDate: 2021-11-23
       
  • Circular Approaches in Small-Scale Food Production

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      Abstract: Globally, food production is one of the main water and energy consumers. Having in view the growing population on global scale, a higher efficiency of food production is needed. Circular approaches offer a large potential to enhance the efficiency of food production and have a long tradition in the food production process of mankind. However, industrial farming has interdicted traditional cycle-closed farming approaches leading to a variety of environmental challenges. The contribution illustrates the basics of traditional gardening and farming approaches and describes how their characteristics are adapted in innovative modern farming systems like aquaponic, permaculture, urban farming, as well as recovered traditional farming systems. The approach to combine traditional farming methods with modern ones will provide multiple benefits in the future to ensure food security. There is to be underlined that such a strategy holds a substantial potential of circular flux management in small scale food production. This potential could be transposed to a larger scale also, particularly in terms of agroforestry and integrated plant and animal husbandry or integrated agriculture and aquaculture. In this way, small-scale food production holds a large potential for the future implementation of the water-energy-food security nexus.
      PubDate: 2021-11-22
       
  • Bioeconomy and Circular Economy: Implications for Economic Evaluation in
           the Post-COVID Era

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      Abstract: The objective of this paper is to review selected insights about the current economic research on the Bioeconomy and circular economy, with a particular focus for the role of primary sector, and to derive implications for organisation, evaluation and valuation practice in the context of the post-COVID era. A framework for the analysis of optimal level of circularity and related economic and evaluation concepts is developed for this purpose. We highlight how higher focus on circularity will increase the complexity of market relationships, contributing to flexibility, but also to uncertainty. The paper argues that these issues will become more important in the post-COVID era, due to the plea for increasing Bioeconomy resilience. New organisational concepts and models are hence needed. Evaluation, on the other hand, will need to be embedded even more in the decision-making processes, in spite of the increasing uncertainty and difficulties in evaluation.
      PubDate: 2021-11-18
       
  • Sustainable Utilization of Potato Industry Waste for Antifungal Biopolymer
           Production by Lactobacillus helveticus and Its Application on Pomegranates
           (Punica granatum L.)

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      Abstract: The present study reports the characterization of an extracellular polymer produced by a strain of Lactobacillus helveticus in potato waste medium and the subsequent application of the biopolymer for protecting farm-bruised pomegranates against fungal infection following harvest. Chemical, thermogravimetric analysis, FTIR and scanning electron micrographs of the purified biopolymer revealed it to be a polysaccharide with good thermal stability and a compact structure. Purified biopolymer exhibited strong antifungal properties against the fungal pathogen Penicillium implicatum. In tissues of pomegranates, subjected to fungal challenge, pectinase, cellulase and xylanase activity indicative of infectivity was not observed upon storage for 14 days at 28 °C. Besides visual discoloration of pomegranates, characteristic of soft rot and fungal growth of tissue extracts could not be detected on PDA plates. Postharvest parameters, physiological loss of weight, TA, TSS, TSS/TA ratio, ascorbic acids, total sugars and sensory attributes in the biopolymer dipped bruised pomegranates challenged with P. implicatum, showed no significant (p > 0.05) change following storage. P. implicatum challenged bruised fruits which lacked dipping treatment was spoiled by 48 h. Farm-bruised pomegranates dipped with biopolymer offered complete protection of the bruised pomegranates upon storage for 14 days at ambient temperature (28 °C). Overall, the results of this study suggest a sustainable use of potato processing wastes for the reutilization of 5–16% of damaged pomegranates, economically beneficial to farmers. Besides, the process will have strong importance in reducing and recycling potato industry wastes for innovative postharvest applications for other horticultural produces.
      PubDate: 2021-11-18
       
 
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