Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1664 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (22 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (262 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (30 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (16 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (90 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (56 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (953 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (44 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (175 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (953 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 201 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
Drustvena istrazivanja     Open Access  
Društvene i Humanističke Studije     Open Access  
Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
E-Dimas : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access  
E-Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
E-l@tina : Revista Electrónica de Estudios Latinoamericanos     Open Access  
Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Eat, Sleep, Work     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
EAU Heritage Journal Social Science and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economic and Regional Studies / Studia Ekonomiczne i Regionalne     Open Access  
Économie et Solidarités     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Educación, Lenguaje y Sociedad     Open Access  
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
EFB Bioeconomy Journal     Open Access  
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Ejovoc (Electronic Journal of Vocational Colleges)     Open Access  
El Ágora USB     Open Access  
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi / Electronic Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Emotions : History, Culture, Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Émulations : Revue de sciences sociales     Open Access  
Encuentros : Revista de Ciencias Humanas, Teoría Social y Pensamiento Crítico     Open Access  
Encuentros Multidisciplinares     Open Access  
Enfoques     Open Access  
Enjeux et société : Approches transdisciplinaires     Open Access  
Enlace Universitario     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Equidad y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Espace populations sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Avanzados     Open Access  
Estudios del Desarrollo Social : Cuba y América Latina     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Estudios digital     Open Access  
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access  
Estudios Latinoamericanos     Open Access  
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access  
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access  
Etcétera : Revista del Área de Ciencias Sociales del CIFFyH     Open Access  
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ethnic and Racial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Ethnobotany Research & Applications : a journal of plants, people and applied research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
eTropic : electronic journal of studies in the tropics     Open Access  
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
EUREKA : Social and Humanities     Open Access  
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Cooperation     Open Access  
European Journal of Futures Research     Open Access  
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies - Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European View     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ExT : Revista de Extensión de la UNC     Open Access  
Fa Nuea Journal     Open Access  
Families, Relationships and Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Family Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family Process     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Family Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fields: Journal of Huddersfield Student Research     Open Access  
Finance and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Fırat Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Flaubert     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Formation emploi     Open Access  
FORO. Revista de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales, Nueva Época     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Forskning & Forandring : Research and Change     Open Access  
Forum Ilmu Sosial     Open Access  
Forum Marsilius-Kolleg     Open Access  
Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Fourth World Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Fronteiras : Journal of Social, Technological and Environmental Science     Open Access  
Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Funes. Journal of Narratives and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Future Times     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Gdańskie Studia Azji Wschodniej     Open Access  
Genocide Studies and Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Genocide Studies International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Géographie et cultures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ghana Journal of Development Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Gizarte Ekonomiaren Euskal Aldizkaria : Revista Vasca de Economía Social     Open Access  
Global Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences     Open Access  
Global Journal of Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Global Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Graduate Journal of Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Graduate School Journal Chiang Rai Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Grafía     Open Access  
Grassroots     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Grief Matters : The Australian Journal of Grief and Bereavement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Gruppe. Interaktion. Organisation. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Organisationspsychologie (GIO)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
GSTF Journal of Law and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Guacamaya     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Güvenlik Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Hábitat y Sociedad     Open Access  
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hallazgos     Open Access  
Harmoni Sosial : Jurnal Pendidikan IPS     Open Access  
Hatyai Academic Journal     Open Access  
Hayula : Indonesian Journal of Multidisciplinary Islamic Studies     Open Access  
Herencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heritage     Open Access  
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Higher Education of Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Homo Ludens     Open Access  
HONAI : International Journal for Educational, Social, Political & Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Horizontes LatinoAmericanos     Open Access  
Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Human Behavior, Development and Society     Open Access  
Humanities and Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Humanities and Social Sciences Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Humanities and Social Sciences Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Graduate School, Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Humanities and Social Sciences Journal, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences Studies (HASSS)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Huria : Journal of the Open University of Tanzania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hydra : Interdisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
I+D Revista de Investigaciones     Open Access  
IASSIST Quarterly     Open Access  
Iberoforum. Revista de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Iberoamericana     Open Access  
Iconos. Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Idealogando : Revista de Ciências Sociais da UFPE     Open Access  
IdeAs. Idées d'Amérique     Open Access  
Identities : Journal for Politics, Gender and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
IDS Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Illness, Crisis & Loss     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Im@go. A Journal of the Social Imaginary     Open Access  
imagonautas : Revista interdisciplinaria sobre imaginarios sociales     Open Access  
Immigrants & Minorities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
In Situ : Au regard des sciences sociales     Open Access  
Inclusión y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Indiana University Journal of Undergraduate Research     Open Access  
Infinitum: Revista Multidisciplinar     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Informação em Pauta     Open Access  
Informes Científicos - Técnicos UNPA     Open Access  
Infrastructure Complexity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
INSANCITA : Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia     Open Access  
Integrated Social Science Journal : Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Mahidol University     Open Access  
Interações : Cultura e Comunidade     Open Access  
International and Multidisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Communication of Chinese Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Development Planning Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences (IJASOS)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal for Transformative Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Academic Research in Business, Arts & Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Bahamian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Business and Social Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Business, Humanities, Education and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Conflict and Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Cultural and Social Studies (IntJCSS)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cultural Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Culture and Modernity     Open Access  
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Divination and Prognostication     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Growth and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Iberian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Information, Diversity, & Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Innovative Research and Scientific Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Intercultural Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Korean Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Language and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Management and Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Management, Economics and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies     Open Access  
International Journal of Punishment and Sentencing, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Qualitative Methods     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Research and Scholarly Communication     Open Access  
International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Social and Allied Research     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Social and Humanistic Computing     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Social And Humanities Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Social and Organizational Dynamics in IT     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Social Research Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
International Journal of Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Social Science Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Social Sciences and Education Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
International Journal of Synergy and Research     Open Access  
International Journal of the Sociology of Leisure     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal Pedagogy of Social Studies     Open Access  
International Quarterly for Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Grassroots
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2521-456X
Published by U of Sindh Homepage  [8 journals]
  • PAKISTAN’S ALLIANCE WITH CHINA: AN INSIGHT FROM BALANCE OF THREAT
           THEORY

    • Authors: Safdar Hussain; PhD
      Abstract: International Alliances has been fundamental in Pakistan’s international interaction. Yet, this significant event has persisted understudied. Pakistan’s need for external alliances is promoted by the increased security threat and difficulties in relationship mainly with India. The political survival and difficulty in maintaining political independence made it necessary for the Islamabad security elites to seek alliances with major powers that enable them to deal with India and to a lesser extent Afghanistan. Using Balance of Threat Theory for explaining international alliances as a theoretical basis, this research examines a very fundamental question why does Islamabad need an external alliance' And how Pakistan seeks alliance with China. The relationship between external threats and Pakistan’s alliance making behaviour is studied using mainly primary and secondary literature. The primary resources are secured through qualitative interview conducted between 2014 and 2016 with current and former Pakistani security elites as part of PhD project.
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      DOI: 10.52806/grassroots.v55iII.4266
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. II (2022)
       
  • GENDER EQUALITY, EMPLOYMENT TRENDS AND SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH NEXUS:
           AN EMPIRICAL EXAMINATION OF LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES

    • Authors: Professor Dr. Uzma Quraishi, Dr. Hina Ali , Khizra Sardar
      Abstract: This research has been integrated to check the affiliation between gender equality, employment trends, and sustainable economic growth of low income countries. Furthermore, this research validates a classical theory that argued that factoring or adding more variables in a gender specified model will reduce the only portion of residuals but does not rule out the gap. It also considers the impact of gender inequality and employment trends on sustainable economic growth separately and combines. Panel data estimation by using secondary data sources from recognized international organizations such as the United Nations Development Program, World Economic Outlook, and World Economic Situation Perspectives over time. Gender inequality, unemployment, and some other macro-economic, social, demographic, and financial factors are incorporated over 2011 to 2020. This research considers three different statistical models. For statistical estimation of long run affiliation granger causality and Generalized Method of Moment (GMM) is utilized by the researcher. Gender inequality negatively influences sustainable economic growth. Employment trends also contribute to influencing economic growth. Moreover, there is a statistically significant association amid gender inequality, employment trends, and sustainable economic growth. Furthermore, factoring more variables in gender specified models does not rule out gender inequality. There is long term association between gender equality, employment trends, and sustainable economic growth of low income countries. Therefore, when governments or policymakers construct policies about reducing or eliminating gender inequality, they must consider employment trends prevailing in that economy.
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      DOI: 10.52806/grassroots.v55iII.4267
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. II (2022)
       
  • ISLAMIC SOCIALISM AND THE UPSURGE OF PAKISTAN PEOPLE’S PARTY

    • Authors: Dr.Benish Khan, Dr.Zahid Mahmood
      Abstract: The paper deals with Islamic Socialism and the rise of Pakistan People’s Party. This research gives better understanding for the rise of PPP on the basis of its slogan “Islamic Socialism” and tries to explain that how the regime of Bhutto manipulated Islam in order to rule for as long as he can. PPP tried to amalgamate Islam with western philosophy of Socialism which was only cosmetic as it was in theory but not in practice.  Islam is the only shadow and umbrella of politics in Pakistan and it harmed the political culture in Pakistan. The wrong implementation of that philosophy led the country towards many crises after 1977 and the slogan of Islamic socialism by Bhutto was one of the major causes of his downfall. The manipulation of religion in Pakistani politics for the purpose of gaining popularity has discussed in this research, especially with reference to PPP.
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      DOI: 10.52806/grassroots.v55iII.4268
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. II (2022)
       
  • CONSOCIATIONAL POLITICS AND DEMOCRATIZATION: PAKISTAN’S EXPERIENCE

    • Authors: Kalim Ullah Marwat, Dr. Samina Yasmeen
      Abstract: The present paper is an attempt to evaluate consociational political strategies, grand coalition and segmental autonomy, in the political and democratic history of Pakistan from 1947 to Signing of Charter of Democracy in 2006. We challenge conventional wisdom and argue that it was not only centralized nature of Pakistani state which created hurdles for flourishing democracy and politics of accommodation, adjustment and respect. Rather, lack of consociational political strategies on the part of political elites also contributed to developing politics of contention. Through investigation of political history of Pakistan, the paper argues that failure of political elites to develop consociational political strategies had negative impacts on issues related to segmental autonomy, proportional representation and supremacy of parliament which are the core principles of Arend Lijphart’s consociational theory. While investigating role of Judiciary, the paper argues that as per consociational theory, superior judiciary has failed to play a-political and constitutional role.
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      DOI: 10.52806/grassroots.v55iII.4269
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. II (2022)
       
  • POLITICAL DISCOURSE OF IMRAN KHAN SPEECHES IN COVID-19: PERSUASIVE
           STRATEGIES

    • Authors: Sidra Mahmood
      Abstract: COVID-19 pandemic still lurks among us for nearly a year now. Many countries have announced lockdowns and encouraged to maintain the social distancing to cease the spread of the disease. Announcements and speeches by the heads and representatives of governments are key to persuade people to obey the rules through minimizing travels, interactions and staying at home. However, some announcements have caused confusion and distress to people at the same time. Past studies related to political speeches have mainly focused on inauguration, presidential campaign, and legislative debates. Therefore, current study at hand aims to investigate the persuasive strategies employed by Imran Khan as Pakistan’s prime minister in his COVID-19 speeches. It further explores that what types of persuasive strategies used, how these were used and whether the COVID-19 speeches were successful in achieving the required control over spread of virus among the people in the country. It is qualitative study which further focuses on descriptive and thematically analyses based on Wodak (2005) discursive strategies and Aristotle’s three forms of rhetoric. Speeches and statements of Imran Khan were taken from two national newspapers of Pakistan; Dawn and The News, YouTube and Official Twitter account at the first and second stage of COVID-19. The findings encourage to contribute in the field of national political discourse in social practices and persuasive discourse in leadership specially during a pandemic of an infectious disease.
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      DOI: 10.52806/grassroots.v55iII.4270
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. II (2022)
       
  • THE IMPACT OF ORGANIZATIONAL CLIMATE FACTORS HUMAN RELATIONS AND OPENNESS
           ON PUBLIC SERVICE MOTIVATION FACTORS COMPASSION AND SELF- SACRIFICE: AN
           ANALYTICAL PERSPECTIVE OF HEALTH SECTOR OF SINDH

    • Authors: Sajjad Hyder Channar, Dr. Asif Ali Shah, Dr. Muhammed Sharif Abbasi
      Abstract: Effective implementation of Social Policy is the main function of every government whether it belongs to developed nation or underdeveloped. Developed nations are those which have the highest ratio of Gross Domestic Production (GDP), spent on the social policy while the under-developed have least ratio of GDP spent on public and social policies. Notwithstanding that much resources are spent on social services the developed nation have effective delivery mechanism as well, and social policy is implemented through various organizational structures such as public, private, Non – Governmental Organizations (NGOs). This research paper aims to highlight health sector in the province of Sindh - a southern province of Pakistan, with application of new public policy paradigm in order to highlight loop holes of the administrative environment. and its impact on Public Service Motivation.
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      DOI: 10.52806/grassroots.v55iII.4283
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. II (2022)
       
  • PREVALENCE OF DEPRESSION AND CORRELATION BETWEEN FACTORS OF DEPRESSION IN
           TRAINEE LADY HEALTH VISITORS OF PAKISTAN: USING BDI-II

    • Authors: Nausheen Shahzad, Dr Anjum Ara
      Abstract: Trainee lady health visitors in Pakistan have extensive problems in their daily fieldwork: sexual harassment, character calling, rude behavior of people, irregular wages and life-threatening situations (Diwan, 2013). TLHVs experience vulnerability and harassment by religious fundamentalists (Naqvi & Khan, 2005). Their gender, age, socioeconomic background and unhealthy patterns of Pakistan’s patriarchal society add more stress (Tabassum, 2016). Stress may cause depression therefore this study is conducted to explore the prevalence of depression in TLHVs of Karachi, Pakistan and to find the correlation of depression with somatic/affective factor and cognitive factor of depression by using Beck Depression Inventory-II based on descriptive and correlational design. The results indicate the prevalence of moderate depression among TLHVs, further it indicates stronger positive correlation between depression and somatic/affective factors of depression than cognitive factors of depression.
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      DOI: 10.52806/grassroots.v55iII.4272
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. II (2022)
       
  • AN ISLAMIC IMPERATIVES FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CURRICULUM: A NEED ANALYSIS
           FOR INTEGRATION

    • Authors: Dr Abida Siddiqui, Abdul Sattar Gopang, Anjum Shaheen
      Abstract: It is an ultimate reality that the emergence of globalization and future challenges of this competitive world provokes the Think-Tankers to lay the foundations of education on its actual axis (i.e. Qur’an). Human history has proved that prosperity of Human being was the prime goal of Islamic System of Education. This evaluation research study is an extended research work of my Ph.D thesis aims to analyze the need of integrated curriculum for Islamic Elementary School System in the light of Islamic imperatives scientifically. Proportional Stratified Sampling provides the data, collected through ten (10) Open-cum-Close-Ended Questionnaires. The conclusion was drawn by Quantitative and Qualitative assessment which revealed that Integrated Curriculum fulfills the need of Islamic Elementary School System.
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      DOI: 10.52806/grassroots.v55iII.4273
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. II (2022)
       
  • GENDER DIFFERENCES AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS’ SENSE OF BELONGING AND
           LEARNING MOTIVATION

    • Authors: Najam ul Hasan Abbasi (Ph.D.), Abdul Hadi (Ph.D.)
      Abstract: With the deepening knowledge and development of the research on college students' Sense of belonging, the research on college students' Sense of belonging has become an important topic in the academic field. Objective: This study intended to investigate the relationship between college students' sense of belonging and learning motivation. It aims to provide research materials for contemporary college students in their academic development, to provide reference for further research, and to provide a basis for solving problems such as college students in their academic difficulties. Method: The study employed cross sectional survey design and simple random sampling to recruit 336 participants. Out of them, 303 participants returned the questionnaires fully completed on all the scales. Descriptive statistics, t-test, correlations, and ANOVA were carried out to analyze the data. Result: The findings suggest that there were differences in college students' sense of belonging and learning motivation on different demographic variables, such as gender and grade among the major attributes. There was a significant positive correlation between college students' sense of belonging and learning motivation. Conclusion: There were differences in school belonging and learning motivation among college students with different demographic variables.
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      DOI: 10.52806/grassroots.v55iII.4274
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. II (2022)
       
  • DUTIES OF PARENTS REGARDING CHILD EDUCATION IN THE LIGHT OF ISLAM: AN
           ANALYSIS OF PAKISTAN

    • Authors: Hashmat Ullah Khan, Fida Ur Rahman, Bekele Jemallu Jenber
      Abstract: Parentage is the most sacred relation in Islam. The religion Islam assigns various duties to parents to be fulfilled, which are the due rights of their children. Like other duties, a most important duty is educating children. When a child reaches to the age of understanding and learning, then parents need to provide education and knowledge to grow his/her intellectual abilities that empower the child to identify and learn about how to deal with the different aspects of life. Education elucidates to children the purpose of Divine plan of creation. The Islamic Sharia offers equal opportunities of education to both male and female. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “seeking of knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim male and female”. As acquiring knowledge is an essential religious duty in Islam therefore any carelessness in fulfilling this duty means compromising their responsibility. Many parents in Pakistan are failed to fulfill this duty therefore a huge number of students remained uneducated. This paper is an attempt to know about the duties of parents regarding educating their children, and critically analyze the present scenario in Pakistan.
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      DOI: 10.52806/grassroots.v55iII.4275
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. II (2022)
       
  • AN ANALYSIS OF CODE-MIXING AND LOAN WORDS OF ENGLISH IN SINDHI PRINT MEDIA

    • Authors: Nadir Ali Mugheri, Jehanzeb Khan, Ali Siddiqui
      Abstract: English is amongst the most commonly articulated languages ​​on the Earth. It led to a significant effect on its growth. In Pakistan, English is utilized at all educational levels. Therefore, its development is unaffected rather natural.  The phrases and words of other languages can be easily combined with English language, hence it is spread widely. In Sindh province of Pakistan, the English words and phrases are recurrently mixed and borrowed with the Sindhi language. They are used in the news items of Sindhi print media frequently. The technique of code-mixing and loan words is noticed in both, written (in newspapers) and spoken (on news channels) form of the language. The research works on the degree of occurrence of code-mixing and loanwords in Sindhi print media in Pakistan. The fundamental parts of multilingualism and bilingualism changes and mixes both languages that have been shown in this article. This propensity to exchange and mix codes caused a notable change in the minds of Sindhi newspaper readers of the Sindh province and Sindhi culture is passed through many parts of Sindh. The impact to mix Sindhi and English words in the culture of Pakistan has also been shown in this research. Investigations have been conducted by the utilization of subjective strategies. Patterns of code blending in Pakistan have been partitioned into three main categories: They are level of sentence, grammatical form and level of word’s classification. In Sindh, the highest number of code-mixing is shown at the word level. The readers of the Sindhi tabloids are progressively keen on English learning. The level of English code-mixing has been shown by the results of this research.
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      DOI: 10.52806/grassroots.v55iII.4276
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. II (2022)
       
  • A CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF EDITORIAL CARTOONS, IN THE CONTEXT OF
           INDIA-PAKISTAN RELATIONSHIP

    • Authors: Saadia Mahmood-ul-Hassan, Dr Muhammad Farhan Tabassum, Dr Jamshaid Ahmad
      Abstract: The Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) of carefully chosen editorial cartoons have been critically analyzed to expose the hidden ,estimated and intended  meaning ,which are veiled in the discourse used in editorial cartoons. Its analysis clarifies the ideology and its social relevance to its people. The interpretation, tool, text analysis and social analysis are enough to expose the inequality as in the language among the highly placed over the lowly placed. Thus, the use of language reflects injustice, dominance, power, and inequality. Critical Discourse Analysis has been an extensive discipline from the last few decades to analyze diverse sides of the various current discourses in the society through newspapers, media and movies and so forth. The editorial cartoons in “The times of India” have been analysed to depict the elements of framing and multi-modality in the cartoons in which the relationship of Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) with terrorists has been established to foreground the strings among these power sectors in Pakistan.
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      DOI: 10.52806/grassroots.v55iII.4277
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. II (2022)
       
  • CHINA PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR: PERSPECTIVES AND CHALLENGES FOR IRAN

    • Authors: Dr Shah Nawaz Mangi, Dr Ayaz Ahmed Chachar, Dr Sadia Khurram Shaikh
      Abstract: Regional as well as international media, think tanks, policy makers and social scientists are considering the regional economic giant, China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, as a game changer. Its strategic position has made it so not only for the states of Pakistan and China but also for the region. Alike other corridors, it aims to connect and enhance collective growth economically and socially. It is apparent that the corridor is a source of regional connectivity. Therefore, it may be useful in enhancing economic cooperation between Pakistan and Iran. The relations between both the states have remained cordial but due to the international pressure and regional interests, the volume of bilateral trade has reached to the lowest degree. Since 2014, the Pak-Iran trade has remained under US$ 229 million annually. By using SWOT technique, present study finds that the inclusion of Iran in the corridor will be a turning point in its economic history. At present, Iran is facing worst kind of economic crisis due to international sanctions. It can recover her exports slowly by using CPEC route to India, China and Pakistan. Further, Iran can manage an equilibrium against Saudi Arabia's influence in the region.
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      DOI: 10.52806/grassroots.v55iII.4278
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. II (2022)
       
  • FARMERS’ ENGAGEMENTIN WATER GOVERNANCE UNDER PARTICIPATORY AND
           NON-PARTICIPATORY IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

    • Authors: Muhammad Ali, Dr Rafiq A. Chandio
      Abstract: Irrigation reforms in Pakistan focused on participatory irrigation management (PIM) to include stakeholders in decision-making to effectively manage the system. Currently, two governance systems are in place in Pakistan. The irrigation department controls one and the other by PIM after adapting the irrigation reforms around twenty years back. This study has focused on comparative analysis of the users’ experiences in both systems about governance in Sindh province of Pakistan by using good governance principles. The study used multistage cluster sampling technique and quota-based technique to select sample size for primary data collection. Four distributaries with location and PIM and non-PIM attributes were selected. A 5-scale Likert survey questionnaire was designed to find user experiences. To analyze the data and compare the performance of different systems, Kruskal-Wallis-H-Test and Post-Hoc-Mann-Whitney-U-Test were employed. Results show that both irrigation systems are not ideally working according to principles of good governance. PIM needs to abide and follow the established principles and practices to reap the benefits of the participatory system to contribute in the better governance and management of irrigation system.
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      DOI: 10.52806/grassroots.v55iII.4279
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. II (2022)
       
  • MIANWAL TAHREEK (MOVEMENT) AS A STRUGGLE FOR THE INDEPENDENCE OF SINDH
           DURING MUGHAL RULE

    • Authors: Nornag Chandio, Dr Amir Ali Chandio
      Abstract: During the reign of Turkhan ruler Mirza Jani Beg, Mughal emperor Akbar sent troops and annexed Sindh to his empire. Mughals governed Sindh through appointing Subedars (Governors) who did their worst to plunder Sindh as much as they could. Consequently, Socio-political and economic conditions of Sindh markedly deteriorated to such an extent that people turned against Mughal government. Various up-risings began. Mianwal Movement was one of such resistance movement led by a spiritual and religious leader Mian Adam Shah Kalhoro against Mughal rule of Sindh. It was known as Mianwal Movement that established from his village Hatri of Taluka Bakrani District Larkana. He formed Daira (a place for social interaction) where many indigent people were served with food and shelter and in return, they became staunch workers of his movement. Thus, an organized militant force emerged which fought various battles against emerging powers of the time in which three leaders along with many soldiers laid their lives. Subsequently, they movement succeeded to establish Kalhora government over Sindh which lasted from 1701 to 1783 AD. The aim of this research paper is to analyze Mughal government and give detailed accounts of oppressions of Mughal Subedars of Sindh. This study also analyses the contribution of leaders and workers of Mianwal Movement who fought countless battles with Mughal forces.
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      DOI: 10.52806/grassroots.v55iII.4280
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. II (2022)
       
  • KASHMIRI MUSLIM’S DIASPORA IN PUNJAB UNDER MAHARAJA RANJIT SINGH

    • Authors: Dr. Robina Yasmin, Dr. Fakhar Bilal, Dr. Turab ul Hassan
      Abstract: History of Kashmir is full of tales of terror and oppression. For centuries, despite change of rulers and reigns, sufferings of Kashmiris have continued unabated. Sikh rule under Maharaja Ranjit Singh is particularly, accused of persecution of Kashmiris. This persistent privation forced many Kashmiris to leave their homeland and settle in other areas of the Punjab during Sikh rule. Maharaja Ranjit Singh replaced eight governors one after the other, mainly on account of charges of persecuting Kashmiris however; neither miseries of Kashmiris halted nor their migration to other parts of Punjab. In addition to this ‘push’, establishment of factory of Kashmiri shawls and several residential colonies in Lahore and other parts of Punjab, also attracted lots of Kashmiris to Punjab where better prospects of employment, habitation and self-esteem existed. The current study therefore, would mainly focus on various ‘push and pull’ factors that forced Kashmiris to abandon their homes and settle in various parts of the Punjab during the Sikh rule. Additionally, the study will also explore, in the light of primary and secondary sources, the existing narrative against Maharaja Ranjit Singh for persecuting and forcing relocation of Kashmiris, and see if these allegations hold some ground or these are mere stereotypes and part of some larger conspiracy theory to divide the Muslims and the Sikh communities.
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      DOI: 10.52806/grassroots.v55iII.4281
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. II (2022)
       
  • ASSESSING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EXCHANGE RATE AND STOCK RETURNS: A CASE OF
           PSX

    • Authors: Rabia Sabri, Masood Hassan, M. Asad Ullah
      Abstract:  The aim of the research was to analyse the relationship between stock returns (KSE-100 index) and USDPKR exchange rate. Additionally, the analysis was conducted separately for Khan’s and Sharif’s era. In order to attain this aim, VAR and SVAR models were used. The sample was considered from June 2010 to June 2019 of monthly frequency related to stock returns and exchange rates. The results inferred that there was no relationship found between FX returns and stock returns in the case of Pakistan. However, a minor unidirectional relationship was found which implied that the stock returns were Granger-caused by exchange rate returns at 10% significance level. Besides, analysing Khan’s and Sharif’s regime separately, no significant association was found between exchange rate returns and stock returns. This research is the first one where Khan and Sharif’s have been analysed separately in the context of FX returns and stock returns. The results implied that the theories related to no relationship between exchange rates and stock returns are sustained but a minor association was found. The underlying reason for such behaviour can be regarded as a result of psychological influence on the investors of the deteriorating value of PKR affecting their investments in the stock market.
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      DOI: 10.52806/grassroots.v55iII.4282
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. II (2022)
       
 
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