Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1836 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (22 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (272 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (30 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (16 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (100 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (59 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (1085 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (44 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (192 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (1085 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
(En)clave Comahue. Revista Patagónica de Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3C Empresa     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
A contrario     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
AAS Open Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Abant Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abordajes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Academicus International Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acta Humana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Actes de la Journée des Sciences et Savoirs     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Adelphi series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 270)
Administrative Theory & Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
África     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
African Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Afrika Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ágora : revista de divulgação científica     Open Access  
Ágora de Heterodoxias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
AKADEMOS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Mabsut : Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AL-Qadissiya Magzine for Human Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aleph : UCLA Undergraduate Research Journal for the Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aletheia : Revista de Desarrollo Humano, Educativo y Social Contemporáneo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Algarrobo-MEL     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Alinteri Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alliage     Free  
Alteridade     Open Access  
Ambigua : Revista de Investigaciones sobre Género y Estudios Culturales     Open Access  
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Anais do Congresso de Pesquisa e Extensão e da Semana de Ciências Sociais da UEMG/Barbacena     Open Access  
Anais Eletrônicos do Congresso Epistemologias do Sul     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anales de la Universidad de Chile     Open Access  
Análisis     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Andamios. Revista de Investigacion Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anduli : Revista Andaluza de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Ankara Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ankara University SBF Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Humanities and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Annuaire de l’EHESS     Open Access  
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Anthurium : A Caribbean Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Approches inductives : Travail intellectuel et construction des connaissances     Open Access  
Apuntes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apuntes de Investigación del CECYP     Open Access  
Arbejdspapirer : Professionshøjskolen Metropol     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arbetsliv i omvandling     Open Access  
Arbor     Open Access  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Argumentos : Revista do Departamento de Ciências Sociais da Unimontes     Open Access  
Argumentos. Revista de crítica social     Open Access  
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do CMD : Cultura, Memória e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
ArtefaCToS : Revista de estudios sobre la ciencia y la tecnología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Articulo - Journal of Urban Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of German and European Studies     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Quality of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Astrolabio, Nueva Época     Open Access  
Ateneo Chinese Studies Program Lecture Series     Open Access  
Aurum Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Population Studies     Open Access  
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BARATARIA. Revista Castellano-Manchega de Ciencias sociales     Open Access  
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Behavioural Sciences Undergraduate Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Berkeley Undergraduate Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bhakti Persada : Jurnal Aplikasi IPTEKS     Open Access  
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 55)
Bildhaan : An International Journal of Somali Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Black Sea Journal of Public and Social Science     Open Access  
Black Women, Gender & Families     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Bodhi : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Body Image     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletín Memoria     Open Access  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Borderlands Journal : Culture, Politics, Law and Earth     Open Access  
Brain and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
BU Academic Review     Open Access  
Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Social Informatics Theory and Application     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Búsqueda     Open Access  
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cadernos de Ciências Sociais Aplicadas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Estudos Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
California Journal of Politics and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cambio : Rivista sulle Trasformazioni Sociali     Open Access  
Caminho Aberto : Revista de Extensão do IFSC     Open Access  
Campos en Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Caradde : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Castalia : Revista de Psicología de la Academia     Open Access  
Catalan Social Sciences Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chandrakasem Rajabhat University Journal of Graduate School     Open Access  
Changing Societies & Personalities     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
China Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Social Science and Management     Open Access  
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cidadania em Ação : Revista de Extensão e Cultura: Notícias     Open Access  
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciência ET Praxis     Open Access  
Ciencia y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Técnica y Mainstreaming Social     Open Access  
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciências Sociais Unisinos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Sociales y Religión/Ciências Sociais e Religião     Open Access  
CienciaUAT     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Científic@ : Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access  
Circular Economy and Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Civilizar Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CMU Journal of Law and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cogent Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Colección Académica de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Community Empowerment     Open Access  
Compendium     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Comuni@cción     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comunitania : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ConCiencia     Open Access  
Confluenze Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani     Open Access  
Connections     Open Access  
Conocimiento, Investigación y Educación CIE     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
CONTRA : RELATOS desde el Sur     Open Access  
Contribuciones desde Coatepec     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Convergencia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cooperativismo y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
CRDCN Research Highlight / RCCDR en évidence     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Critical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CTheory     Open Access  
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales - Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales. Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access  
Cultura Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Cultura y Representaciones Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultural Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)

        1 2 3 4 5 6     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0126-5008
Published by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Homepage  [21 journals]
  • Pembentukan Etos Nasional Belia Malaysia: Wadah Pembinaan Negara-Bangsa
           (National Ethos Formation of Malaysian Youth: Medium for Building a Nation
           State)

    • Authors: Mohd Mahadee Haji Ismail, Nor Azlili Hassan, Azlina Abdullah, Zaini Othman, Marzudi Md Yunus, Hairol Anuar Mak Din
      Abstract: Persoalan etos nasional sebagai suatu wadah dalam pembinaan negara-bangsa kurang dibahaskan dalam kalangan sarjana. Dari itu, makalah ini akan mengupas perspektif pembinaan negara-bangsa dari sudut etos nasional sebagai suatu dimensi yang perlu diteliti dalam mencorak pembentukan sesebuah bangsa. Etos nasional merujuk kepada watak, karakter, sikap, etika, keperibadian dan keyakinan atas sesuatu perkara yang dapat menggambarkan ciri-ciri semangat yang dikongsi bersama oleh ahli-ahli masyarakat. Dengan wujudnya etos nasional dalam diri individu, maka ia dapat menggambarkan tentang sentimen kenegaraan yang berpaksikan kepada platform nasional. Sehubungan itu, secara spesifiknya makalah ini mengaplikasikan takrif etos nasional sebagai ciri-ciri unik masyarakat setempat yang mengikat seseorang individu dengan individu yang lain, dan yang mengikat individu dengan negara. Ciri-ciri unik tersebut merangkumi empat dimensi utama iaitu nilai, perasaan dan semangat, kepercayaan dan identiti. Ciri-ciri unik etos nasional tersebut menjadi wadah utama dalam proses pembinaan negara-bangsa Malaysia yang terdiri dari pelbagai etnik. Golongan yang seringkali mendapat tumpuan apabila membahaskan tentang proses pembinaan negara-bangsa ialah golongan belia. Ini kerana mereka adalah tulang belakang dan tunjang bangsa pada masa hadapan. Kejayaan membangunkan golongan belia menjadi penanda aras utama kejayaan pembangunan negara-bangsa pada hari muka. Kajian ini mendapati empat dimensi utama iaitu nilai, perasaan dan semangat, kepercayaan serta identiti telah membentuk suatu ikatan yang kuat antara individu dengan individu yang lain, dan di antara individu dengan negara khususnya dalam kalangan belia yang dikaji. Oleh yang demikian, dalam merealisasikan pembinaan negara-bangsa Malaysia, etos nasional menjadi wadah yang perlu dipupuk dalam diri setiap individu khususnya golongan belia yang masih tercari-cari jati diri mereka.Kata kunci:  Negara-bangsa; etos nasional; kenegaraan; multietnik; belia Malaysia.   The issue of national ethos as a medium for building a nation state is less debated among the scholars. Hence, this article will examine the perspective of  building a nation-state from the national ethos point of view as a dimension that needs to be carefully studied in shaping the formation of a nation. National ethos refers to the character, attitude, ethics, personality and confidence in the matters that can describe the characteristics of the spirit which shared by members of society. With the existence of a national ethos in the individuals, it can reflect the sentiments of nationhood that centered on the national platform. Accordingly, this paper is specifically applies the definition of national ethos as a unique characteristics of the local community that binds one individual with another individual, and that binds the individuals to the state. These unique characteristics encompass four main dimensions namely values, feelings and spirits, beliefs and identities. The unique characteristics of the national ethos become the main medium in the building process of a multi-ethnic Malaysian nation. The community who often get the attention when debating on the process of nation-building are the youth groups. This is because they are the backbone of the nation in the future. The successful of developing the youth groups is the main benchmark for the success of a nation-state development in the future. This study found that the four main dimensions, namely values, feelings and spirits, beliefs and identities have formed a strong bond between individuals and other individuals, and between individuals and the country, especially among the youths being studied. Therefore, in realizing the building of the Malaysian nation-state, the national ethos has become a medium that needs to be nurtured in every individuals, especially the youth groups who are still searching for their identity.Keywords:  Nation-state; national ethos; nationhood; multiethnic; Malaysian youth.
      PubDate: 2021-04-30
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Dunia Hampir Bergabung Dalam Kumpulan Cerpen Laron oleh Jasni Matlani:
           Satu Bacaan Realisme Magis (The analysis of Magis Realism in the works of
           Jasni Matlani)

    • Authors: Asmiaty Amat, Roziah Adama Roziah Adama
      Abstract: Dalam penulisan karya realisme magis, wujud unsur-unsur penggabungan dunia yang merujuk kepada kewujudan dunia realiti dan dunia magis yang hampir bergabung. Oleh itu, kajian ini bertujuan menganalisis ciri-ciri realisme magis yang terdapat dalam Kumpulan Cerpen Laron karya Jasni Matlani (2010) yang menghimpunkan 30 buah cerpen karya Jasni Matlani. Walau bagaimanapun kajian ini hanya meneliti tiga cerpen dalam Kumpulan Cerpen Laron, iaitu “Laron”, “Dua Helai Daun”, dan “Perempuan Berbau Harum”. Skop kajian ini hanya mengaplikasikan satu daripada lima ciri realisme magis mengikut aliran Wendy B.Faris(2004), iaitu dua dunia yang hampir bergabung atau “merging realms”. “Merging realms” dalam buku Wendy B. Faris Ordinary Enchantments Magical Realism and Remystifiction of Narratives bermaksud wujudnya dua dunia yang hampir bergabung dalam karya realisme magis. Oleh itu, bagi menganalisis cerpen yang mengandungi elemen dunia yang hampir bergabung, analisis memfokuskan pada penggabungan dunia realiti dan dunia lain dalam cerpen-cerpen yang dikaji. Hasil kajian menunjukkan cerpen-cerpen Jasni Matlani memenuhi konsep elemen dunia yang hampir bergabung dan dikategorikan sebagai karya realisme magis.  Kata kunci: Dunia realiti; Jasni Matlani; Laron; penggabungan dunia; realisme magis
       
      In magic-realism literature, there are bonds between both the real world and the magical realm which appears to be closely interwined.  This study aims to analyze the features of magic realism in Jasni Matlani's (2010) Laron, a collection of 30 short stories by Jasni Matlani. However, this article will only be analysing three short stories from the collection in Laron; ‘Laron’, ‘Two Leaves’, and ‘Fragrant lady’, and will only apply one feature-merging realms- from the five features of magic realism presented by Wendy B.Faris (2004). In Wendy B. Faris’s book, Ordinary Enchantments Magical Realism and Remystifiction of Narratives, merging realms of the magic realism literature refer to the merging of two worlds which share a close bond.  In order to analyze short stories containing elements of a merging realm, the study focused on the merging of the real world and the other world mentioned in the three short stories chosen for this study. According to the study, the article suggests that Jasni Matlani's short stories with the element of merging realms can be categorized as magic realism literature.Keywords: The real word; Jasni Matlani; Laron; the merging realms; Magical realism
      PubDate: 2021-04-30
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Tinjauan Awal Gelagat Pengguna Malaysia Terhadap Isu Penggunaan Beg
           Plastik (Consumer Attitudes on the Use of Plastic Bags in Malaysia: A
           Preliminary Study)

    • Authors: Nur Syahirah binti Che Lah, Norshamliza Chamhuri
      Abstract: Kajian ini dijalankan bertujuan untuk memerhatikan respons semasa, perubahan gelagat pengguna sewaktu berbelanja dan keberkesanan kempen selepas hampir sedekad dikenakan caj beg plastik RM0.20 dijalankan di Malaysia. Data kajian daripada 122 responden diperolehi secara kuantitatif melalui borang soal selidik atas talian. Hasil kajian mendapati budaya membawa beg sendiri masih janggal dalam kalangan masyarakat Malaysia meskipun majoriti pengguna mengetahui kewujudan Kempen Bebas Plastik. Perubahan gelagat pengguna adalah rendah kerana 62.3% pengguna masih tidak membawa beg sendiri atas alasan terlupa. Sebanyak 57.3% pengguna pula masih sanggup membayar caj RM0.20 bagi mendapatkan beg plastik. Hasil kajian turut mendapati bahawa pengguna lebih memilih untuk bergantung kepada inisiatif peniaga seperti menyediakan beg kertas dan kotak untuk pembeli. Melalui kajian ini juga, didapati media massa merupakan platform utama dalam menyebarkan maklumat dan mewujudkan kesedaran tentang alam sekitar. Pengguna menyokong polisi yang lebih ketat dan kenaikan caj beg plastik bagi setiap pembelian.Kata kunci: beg plastik; caj plastik; gelagat pengguna; isu alam sekitar; kesedaran   This study was conducted to examine consumers’ response, changes in their shopping behaviour and the effectiveness of the ‘No Free Plastic Bag’ campaign after almost a decade consumers were charged RM0.20 for using plastic bags. Data was collected from 122 respondents who answered an online questionnaire. The findings indicated that bringing your own shopping bag is not yet the culture in Malaysia despite that majority of consumers were aware of the campaign. Behavioural change is low as 62.3% of respondents routinely forget to bring their own shopping bags. More than half of the respondents (57.3%) are still willing to pay RM0.20 for a plastic bag. The findings of this research also revealed that consumers are too depending on retailers’ green initiatives such as providing them with paper bags and boxes. Through this study, mass media plays a crucial role in disseminating information and creating environmental awareness among consumers. Many consumers voiced their support for a stricter regulation and to increase the current fee for each plastic bag purchased. Keywords: plastic bag; plastic charge; consumer behaviour; environmental issue; awareness
      PubDate: 2021-04-30
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Bunyi Seakan-akan Aspirasi dan Berhembusan dalam Fonologi Bahasa Suhaid:
           Analisis Teori Optimaliti (The Aspirated and Breathy Voiced Stops in
           Suhaid Phonology: An Optimality Theoretic Account)

    • Authors: Chong Shin
      Abstract: Bahasa Suhaid dituturkan di lembah Sungai Seberuang and Suhaid, Kalimantan Barat (Indonesia). Bahasa ini menyerlahkan keunikannya kerana mengandungi sistem bunyi K+h (konsonan+frikatif glotis), iaitu bunyi yang seakan-akan beraspirasi. Ciri bunyi ini terbentuk hasil pengguguran /ə/ pada suku kata awal. Oleh kerana r sepadan dengan /h/ dalam bahasa Suhaid, pengguguran /ə/ akan menghasilkan konsonan rangkap yang berbentuk K+h. Makalah ini membincangkan fenomena kewujudan bunyi yang seakan-akan beraspirasi ini dari perspektif fonologi Optimaliti. Objektif kajian ini ialah ingin menegaskan bahawa teori Optimaliti mampu memberi penjelasan yang memadai tentang kelainan output yang dijana oleh input berdwisuku dan trisuku. Kajian ini menemukan bahawa bagi input yang berdwisuku, pengguguran schwa akan mengapungkan mora, dan seterusnya dihubungkan ke vokal yang berhampiran untuk membentuk vokal panjang. Bagi input yang bertrisuku, diperhatikan bahawa mora sebaliknya dihubungkan ke bunyi konsonan dan membentuk konsonan panjang. Konsonan panjang ini seterusnya akan mengalami degeminasi, peleburan dan akhirnya menghasilkan bunyi berhembusan sebagai outputnya. Berdasarkan analisis, kekangan *GEM (konsonan panjang tidak dibenarkan) dan *ONSET KOMPLEKS (Setiap nodus suku kata tidak boleh dihubungkan dengan lebih dari satu K atau V) memainkan peranan penting dalam pembentukan ciri-ciri fonologi ini. Di bawah kekangan *GEM, kesemua calon yang mengandungi konsonan panjang akan tewas kerana kekangan ini berada di hieraki tertinggi. Kekangan *ONSET KOMPLEKS pula adalah kekangan yang khusus berperanan pada input bertrisuku untuk menjana output berdwisuku. Dengan kekangan ini (berserta dengan beberapa kekangan lain), calon-calon yang mengandungi bunyi /k+h/ akan disingkirkan dan mewajarkan calon yang dengan bunyi berhembusan muncul sebagai calon yang optimal.Kata kunci: Bahasa Suhaid; Beraspirasi; Bunyi Berhembusan; Teori Optimaliti; Kekangan   Suhaid language is spoken in Seberuang and Suhaid river basins, Western Kalimantan (Indonesia). This language exhibited its uniqueness with the C+h (consonant + glottal fricative) sound system, which is similar to the aspirated occlusive voice. This aspirated occlusive is derived from the deletion of /ə/ in the penultimate syllable position. Since in Suhaid, r is correspondence to /h/, the C+h form will formed after the deletion of schwa. This paper discusses the existence of the aspirated occlusive voice from the perspective of Optimality phonology. This study has consolidated that this theory is a practicable approach to explain the generation of two different output after the deletion of schwa. This study found that in a disyllabic input, this deletion of schwa has lead to a floating mora which later being attached to immediate vowel and formed a vowel lengthening. On the other hand, for the trisyllabic input, the floating mora will attach to the onset nearby and produce a geminate consonant. This consonant later will undergo the process of degemination, segmental coalescence and eventually appeares as a breathy voiced in the output. Based on analysis, the *GEM (NO GEMINATE) and *COMPLEX ONSET (no more than one segment may associate to any one syllabic constituent) constraints played crucial role in terms of constraint satisfaction and violation. All the candidates with geminate consonant will be ruled out as fatal violation since *GEM dominates the other contraints in the constraint hierarchy. *COMPLEX ONSET on the other hand is an additional constraint that play specific roles to generate dwisyllabic output (from trisyllabic input). This constraint (as well as other constraints) will eliminates all the /C+h/ candidates and the candidate with breathy voice which fully satisfies the given constraint is the optimal candidate.Keywords: Suhaid language; Aspirated voice; Breathy voice; Optimality theory; constraint  
      PubDate: 2021-04-30
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Satu Analisis ‘Kosmologi Cahaya’ dalam Perspektif Sufi dan Sains Moden
           (An Analysis on ‘Light Cosmology’ in the Sufi and Modern Science
           Perspectives)

    • Authors: Wan Qashishah Akmal Wan Razali, Ahmad Fakhrurrazi Bin M. Z., Shahidan Radiman, Abdul Latif Samian
      Abstract: Kajian berkenaan asal-usul kosmos telah menjadi perhatian ramai sarjana Islam mahupun Barat di mana keduakeduanya mengetengahkan aspek cahaya. Cahaya dianggap sebagai sifat asas dalam sejarah perkembangan kosmologi untuk menjelaskan kewujudan alam semesta. Walau bagaimanapun, muncul persoalan mengenai ontologi cahaya, sifat asasnya dan rahsia metafizik di sebalik fenomenanya. Objektif kajian ini adalah untuk menganalisis dan membina satu kerangka model baharu dalam menerangkan Teori Kesatuan Kewujudan Cahaya dalam memahami makrifat kepada Allah SWT dan Nabi Muhammad SAW dalam perspektif sufi, dan dibandingkan dengan perspektif sains Barat iaitu Teori Letupan Besar. Kajian kualitatif ini menggunakan reka bentuk grounded theory, kaedah tematik analisis dan pendekatan lataif Qur’aniyyah. Terdapat perbandingan yang signifikan antara kedua-dua kosmologi yang diketengahkan dalam model ini. Perbahasan konsep Cahaya Muhammad (Nūr Muhammad) yang mewakili kosmologi Sufi telah lama menyelesaikan persoalan asal-usul kosmos dalam kesepakatan ilmu akidah dan tasawuf. Manakala kosmologi Barat masih menemui jalan buntu dan keliru dalam memahami asal-usul atau primordium alam dengan menggunakan rumus sains dan aksiom yang sesuai dengan logik akal tanpa melihat apek keTuhanan. Dalam kajian ini, satu model perbandingan holistik antara konsep Nūr Muhammad dan Teori Letupan Besar telah diharmonikan dan dirangka dalam memahami lima fasa peringkat kewujudan alam semesta menerusi perspektif kosmologi cahaya. Dengan itu, kajian ini memberi perspektif baharu dalam memahami peringkat kewujudan makhluk. Kata kunci: Kosmologi; Cahaya; Alam Semesta; konsep Nūr Muhammad; Teori Letupan besar 
      Studies on the origin of the cosmos have attracted the attention of many Islamic and Western scholars in which highlight the aspects of light. ‘Light’ had been thought of as a fundamental property in the history of development cosmology to elucidate the existence in the universe. However, questions have been raised about the ontology of light, its underlying properties and the metaphysical secret lies beyond its phenomena. The objective of this study is to analyse develop a new model framework on explaining the Unifying Theory of Light Beings in understanding the of Allah SWT and Prophet Muhammad PBUH in Sufi perspective and comparing it with Western science perspective i.e. the Big Bang theory. This qualitative study uses grounded theory design, thematic analysis of research method, and lataif Qur’aniyyah approach. There are significant differences between these two cosmologies incorporated in this model. The Light of Muhammad’s debate in which represented by Sufi cosmology has settled the understanding of origins of the universe in the agreement of the aqidah and sufism. Meanwhile, Western cosmology is still hit a dead end and confused in understanding the primordial issues of nature by using science and axioms that fit their logic without seeing Divine aspects. In this study, a comparative holistic model between these concepts has been reconciled and devised in understanding the five levels of existence through the perspective of the light cosmology. Thus, this study provides a new perspective on understanding the gradation of beings. Keywords: Cosmology; Light; Universe; Nur Muhammad concept; Big Bang Theory
      PubDate: 2021-04-30
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Challenges faced by young women with premarital pregnancy: a qualitative
           exploration through a multiple-case study (Cabaran yang dihadapi oleh
           wanita muda yang mengandung di luar nikah: ekplorasi kualitatif melalui
           kajian kes berganda)

    • Authors: Hizlinda Tohid, Noor Azimah Muhammad, Naemah Sharifuddin, Wan Fadhilah Wan Ismail, Rosdina Abdul Kahar, Nafiza Mat Nasir, Nazrila Hairizan Nasir, Nik Rubiah Rashid, Khairani Omar
      Abstract: Unplanned and unwanted pregnancy is a challenging life event, especially to young unmarried women in Malaysia as they often left unsupported. Using theory of resilience, this study aimed to explore challenges faced by non-institutionalised young unmarried women who decided to keep their pregnancy. By understanding their challenges, we could recognise their main needs for planning of effective strategies and policies that can help them to cope better with their pregnancy and prepare for their future. This was a qualitative exploration study using a multiple-case study design. Five pregnant women recruited from two primary care clinics, aged 18 years and above, with different life experiences and at different trimester underwent in-depth interviews. Data was examined using thematic analysis and compared across the five cases. The main challenges during pregnancy faced by the unmarried women were: (1) avoiding social stigma, (2) having poor psychosocial support from family, and (3) preparing for future. They were worried about financial security, childcare, illegitimate status of their child, housing arrangement and stable employment. Thus, they need to be supported in these areas. Although these young women in the community appeared to be self-reliant, independent and strong minded, they need to be supported especially from their own family members, parents, peers, health care providers and organisation for a better future for them and their children.Keywords: Premarital pregnancy; challenges; stigma; support; qualitative   Kandungan tidak dirancang dan diingini adalah satu peristiwa kehidupan yang mencabar, terutama bagi wanita muda yang belum berkahwin di Malaysia kerana mereka sering dipinggirkan tanpa sokongan. Dengan menggunakan teori kebingkasan, kajian ini bertujuan untuk menyelami cabaran yang dihadapi oleh wanita muda belum berkahwin yang tidak menghuni mana-mana institusi dan telah mengambil keputusan untuk meneruskan kandungan mereka. Dengan memahami cabaran-cabaran mereka, kita dapat mengenalpasti keperluan utama mereka bagi merancang strategi dan polisi yang efektif dan dapat membantu wanita muda ini menghadapi kandungan mereka dengan lebih baik dan bersedia untuk masa hadapan. Ini adalah kajian kualitatif eksplorasi dengan menggunakan kajian kes berganda. Lima wanita mengandung berumur 18 tahun dan lebih, mempunyai pengalaman kehidupan berbeza dan berada pada pelbagai tahap kandungan dari dua klinik kesihatan telah ditemuduga secara mendalam. Data diproses menggunakan analisa tematik dan tema perbandingan dilakukan untuk kesemua kes.  Cabaran utama mengandung yang dihadapi oleh wanita belum berkahwin ini adalah (1) mengelakkan stigma sosial (2) mempuyai sokongan psikososial keluarga yang lemah dan (3) bersedia untuk masa hadapan. Mereka bimbang mengenai kedudukan kewangan, penjagaan anak, status sah anak, penginapan dan pekerjaan yang stabil. Oleh itu mereka memerlukan sokongan dalam perkara-perkara ini. Walaupun mereka kelihatan tidak bergantung kepada orang lain, berdikari dan tegas, mereka memerlukan sokongan terutama daripada keluarga, ibu bapa, rakan-rakan, warga kesihatan dan organisasi untuk masa hadapan yang lebih baik bagi mereka dan anak mereka.Kata kunci: Kehamilan luar nikah; cabaran; stigma; sokongan; kualitatif 
      PubDate: 2021-04-30
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Sentimen Kepartian dan Personaliti Pemimpin Pada Pilihan Raya Umum 2018:
           Kajian di Kawasan DUN Chempaka, Kelantan (Partisan Sentiment and
           Personality of Leaders on the 2018 General Elections: Research in the area
           of State Legislative Assembly of Chempaka, Kelantan)

    • Authors: Junaidi Awang Besar
      Abstract: Dalam sesebuah pilihan raya, pengundi merupakan satu komponen yang penting. Pengundi akan mengundi dalam pilihan raya sama ada berdasarkan sentimen kepartian ataupun personaliti pemimpin. Justeru itu, adalah menjadi tujuan kajian ini untuk mengkaji pengaruh sentimen kepartian dan personaliti pemimpin terhadap pilihan politik pengundi di kawasan DUN Chempaka, Kelantan. Bagi mencapai objektif kajian, dua kaedah kajian telah digunakan iaitu soal selidik terhadap 377 orang responden berdasarkan lokasi geografi iaitu bandar dan luar bandar di kawasan kajian; dan rujukan terhadap sumber sekunder yang berkaitan. Seterusnya, data daripada borang soal selidik telah dianalisis menggunakan perisian SPSS dan ditunjukkan dalam bentuk jadual dan penulisan hasil kajian ini dikukuhkan dengan sumber sekunder yang berkaitan. Hasil kajian mendapati bahawa responden di kawasan kajian mengutamakan kriteria politik yang mempunyai calon yang mengutamakan rakyat, mampu menjana pembangunan rakyat dan membasmi kemiskinan dan adil kepada semua pihak. Dapatan kajian juga menunjukkan bahawa ciri personaliti pemimpin yang diinginkan oleh responden di kawasan kajian ialah bersikap jujur dan amanah terhadap tanggungjawab yang diberikan, bersih daripada rasuah dan pemimpin yang mengutamakan kebajikan rakyat. Justeru, dapatan kajian ini diharap dapat dijadikan sebagai bahan rujukan umum atau panduan kepada semua pihak terutamanya parti politik dan pihak kerajaan untuk meneliti isu dan permasalahan yang berlaku di kawasan kajian agar pihak yang terlibat lebih peka dalam memenuhi kehendak dan keperluan masyarakat sebaik mungkin.Kata kunci: pilihan raya; pengundi; sentimen kepartian; personaliti pemimpin; sumber maklumat   Voters are an important component of the election. Voters will vote in an election based on their party's sentiments or leader's personality. Therefore, it is the purpose of this study to study the influence of party sentiment and personality of leadership of voters political choice in the Chempaka constituency, Kelantan. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, two research methods were used, namely, a questionnaire on 377 respondents based on the geographical location of urban and rural areas in the study area; and references to related secondary sources. Subsequently, data from the questionnaires were analyzed using the SPSS software and presented in the form of tables and the writing of the results of this study was confirmed with relevant secondary sources. The findings show that respondents in the study area wanted political criteria that have the people who prioritize the people, able to generate people's development and eradicate poverty and fairness to all parties. The personality characteristics of the leaders desired by the respondents in the study area are to be honest and trustworthy of the responsibilities, net of corruption and leaders who prioritize the welfare of the people. Hence, this research findings can be used as a general reference guide or guide to all parties, especially political parties and the government to examine issues and problems in the study area so that the parties involved are more sensitive in meeting the needs and needs of the community as possible.Keywords: elections; voters; party sentiment; leader personalities; information sources  
      PubDate: 2021-04-30
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Environmentally-Literate Citizenry among Malaysian Youth to Produce
           Responsible Environmental Behaviour (Warganegara Celik Alam Sekitar dalam
           Kalangan Belia Malaysia bagi Melahirkan Tingkahlaku Alam Sekitar yang
           Bertanggungjawab)

    • Authors: Saiyidatina Balkhis Norkhaidi, Hanifah Mahat, Mohmadisa Hashim
      Abstract: This quantitative study explores the environmentally-literate citizenry for responsible environmental behavior among Malaysian youth involving 1,000 young Malaysians selected from five regional zones (north, central, south, east coast, and East Malaysia). A stratified random sampling technique based on age gender and the location was used to select respondents.  The study instrument was a questionnaire that involved two constructs; environmental literacy (atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, biosphere) and environmentally responsible behaviour. A descriptive analysis was used to represent level, frequency, and percentage. While Pearson correlation was used to find the relationship between environmental literacy and responsible environmental behaviour among Malaysian youth. Finding shows that the levels of environmental literacy at high levels (M = 4.050, SP = .611) and all sub-constructs also at high levels, atmosphere (M = 3.884, SP = .638), hydrosphere (M = 4.083, SP = .725), lithosphere (M = 3.964, SP = .683) and biosphere (M = 4.269, SP = .739). While responsible environmental behaviour was at a high average level with values of M = 3.868 and SP = .544. The correlation between environmental literacy and responsible environmental behaviour among Malaysian youth indicates a weak relationship strength (r=2.75, p=.000). Therefore, there show that environmentally will affect the literate citizenry among Malaysian youth to produce responsible environmental behaviour. It is hoped that this study will provide the basis for further research into the level and potential of literacy and environmentally responsible behaviour towards environmental sustainability in Malaysian society and increase awareness of serious environmental issues.Keywords: attitude; behavior; awareness; environment; young Malaysia Abstrak Kajian kuantitatif ini meneroka kewarganegaraan celik alam sekitar untuk menghasilkan tingkah laku alam sekitar yang bertanggungjawab dalam kalangan belia Malaysia yang melibatkan 1,000 belia Malaysia yang dipilih dari lima zon wilayah (Utara, Tengah, Selatan, Pantai Timur, dan Malaysia Timur). Teknik pensampelan rawak berstrata berdasarkan jantina, umur dan lokasi digunakan untuk memilih responden. Instrumen kajian adalah soal selidik yang melibatkan dua konstruk; literasi alam sekitar (atmosfera, hidrosfera, litosfera, biosfera) dan tingkah laku alam sekitar yang bertanggungjawab. Analisis deskriptif digunakan untuk mewakili tahap, frekuensi, dan peratusan. Sementara korelasi Pearson digunakan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara literasi alam sekitar dan tingkah laku alam sekitar yang bertanggungjawab dalam kalangan belia Malaysia. Dapatan menunjukkan bahawa tahap literasi alam sekitar berada pada tahap tinggi (M = 4.050, SP = .611) begitu juga semua sub-konstruk pada tahap tinggi, atmosfera (M = 3.884, SP = .638), hidrosfera (M = 4.083, SP = .725), litosfera (M = 3.964, SP = .683) dan biosfera (M = 4.269, SP = .739). Manakala tingkah laku alam sekitar yang bertanggungjawab berada pada tahap purata tinggi dengan nilai M = 3.868 dan SP = .544. Korelasi antara literasi alam sekitar dan tingkah laku alam sekitar yang bertanggungjawab dalam kalangan belia Malaysia menunjukkan kekuatan hubungan yang lemah (r = 2.75, p = .000). Oleh itu, ini menunjukkan bahawa persekitaran akan mempengaruhi kewarganegaraan celik dalam kalangan belia Malaysia untuk menghasilkan tingkah laku alam sekitar yang bertanggungjawab. Diharap melalui kajian ini dapat memberikan landasan penelitian yang lebih lanjut mengenai tahap dan potensi literasi dan tingkah laku alam sekitar yang bertanggungjawab terhadap kelestarian alam sekitar dalam masyarakat Malaysia di samping meningkatkan kesedaran mengenai masalah alam sekitar yang serius.Kata kunci: sikap; tingkah laku; kesedaran; persekitaran; belia Malaysia 
      PubDate: 2021-04-30
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Tabarruj dan Fesyen Pakaian Muslimah pada Zaman Kini (Tabarruj and
           Muslimah’s Clothing Fashion at this Present)

    • Authors: Nozira Salleh
      Abstract: Pada zaman kini, fesyen pakaian wanita secara umumnya dan Muslimah secara khususnya sangat hebat melanda masyarakat di Malaysia. Tambahan lagi, kemunculan para pereka fesyen yang menghidangkan pelbagai gaya, warna, fesyen pakaian dan perhiasan yang tentunya memikat hati para wanita. Dalam fenomena ini, etika pakaian Islam dan tabarruj  tentunya diketepikan secara sengaja atau tidak sengaja oleh sebahagian Muslimah kerana keghairahan mereka dalam mengejar fesyen ‘up-to-date’. Ini bermakna, aspek pakaian patuh Syariah dan isu tabarruj merupakan perkara yang dianggap agak remeh dan kurang penting kepada masyarakat Islam. Walaupun demikian, seharusnya isu ini tidak kekang daripada perbincangan umum kerana ia pada hakikatnya melibatkan hal ehwal Muslimah, yang mana ia bukan sahaja meliputi aspek pakaian dan personaliti, tetapi ia juga merangkumi tingkah laku dan maruah para wanita yang tentunya memberi kesan yang besar kepada nilai-nilai masyarakat. Oleh itu, artikel ini cuba menerokai fenomena pakaian Muslimah yang terkini di Malaysia dan isu-isu tabarruj secara ilmiah dan kritis. Di samping itu, etika pakaian yang disarankan dalam Islam juga diutarakan kepada para Muslimah.  Kajian ini menggunakan kaedah kajian kepustakaan sahaja dengan menganalisis buku-buku, majalah-majalah dan lain-lain lagi. Hasil kajian mendapati pakian Muslimah pada zaman kini dilihat bukan lagi satu keperluan untuk menutup aurat semata-mata, tetapi juga untuk berfesyen. Fesyen pakaian dan perhiasan Muslimah yang pelbagai gaya dan rekaan, kadang kala mengheret mereka kepada ketidakpatuhan etika pakaian Syariat dan pada masa yang sama, mereka terjerumus ke dalam budaya tabarruj.Kata kunci: Tabarruj, pakaian, fesyen, Muslimah, perhiasan 
      Nowadays, the women's fashion generally and Muslim women particularly struck impressively to community in Malaysia. Additionally, the appearance of fashion designers serving a variety of styles, colors, fashion clothes and jewels that attract of the women. In this phenomenon, ethics of Islamic clothing and tabarruj are deliberately or accidentally marginalized by some Muslims because of their passion in pursuing 'up-to-date' fashion. This means that the aspects of Shariah-compliant and tabarruj issues are considered to be quite trivial and less important to the Muslim community. However, this issue should not be limited to the general discussion because it actually related to the Muslim affairs, which not only focuses the aspects of clothing and personality, but also includes the behavior and dignity of women which has a tremendous impact on community values. Therefore, this article attempts to explore the latest phenomenon of Muslim women in Malaysia and tabarruj issues scientifically and critically. In addition, the ethics of Islamic clothing is recommended to the Muslim women. This study uses literature study only by analyzing books, magazines and others. The findings show that the clothing of Muslim women in modern times is no longer a requirement to cover aurat only, but also more on fashion. The fashion and design of Muslimah clothes and jewelry, sometimes putting them to the non-compliance of the Syariat's dressing of ethics and at the same time, they fall into tabarruj way.Keywords: Tabarruj, cloth, fashion, Muslimah, jewelry
      PubDate: 2021-04-30
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Tarekat Ahmad B. Idris Al-Fasi dan Pengaruhnya di Malaysia (Tariqa Ahmad
           B. Idris Al-Fasi and Its Influence in Malaysia)

    • Authors: Faudzinaim Badaruddin, Zakaria Stapa, Abdull Rahman Mahmood, Mohd Khairi Mahyuddin
      Abstract: Tarekat Ahmadiyyah Idrisiyyah adalah sebuah tarekat yang masyhur di dunia Islam. Ia dinisbahkan kepada Sayyid Abu al-`Abbas Ahmad b. Idris al-Hasani al-Ara`ishi al-Fasi (1757-1837M). Artikel ini bertujuan untuk menghuraikan tentang sejarah kemunculan tarekat tersebut dan pengaruhnya di Malaysia. Bagi mencapai objektif tersebut, kaedah penyelidikan secara kualitatif digunakan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan dua kaedah, iaitu kajian kepustakaan dan analisis dokumen. Maklumat yang diperolehi telah dianalisis menggunakan kaedah persejarahan. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa tarekat Ahmadiyyah Idrisiyyah pada awalnya merupakan sebuah gerakan tajdid berasaskan kerohanian. Setelah kewafatan Sayyid Ahmad B. Idris, ajaran beliau telah disebarkan melalui pendekatan institusi tarekat yang berbagai. Tarekat Ahmadiyyah Idrisiyyah di Malaysia telah dibawa masuk ke Malaysia bermula sekitar pertengahan abad ke-19 Masihi dari Mekah. Sejak dibawa masuk ke Malaysia, pengaruhnya tersebar ke beberapa buah negeri di Malaysia hingga masih diamalkan hingga kni melalui para pengikut kepada murid-murid Sayyid Ahmad B. Idris. Semenjak ia diperkenalkan di Malaysia, ia telah menjadi sebuah tarekat yang berpengaruh di beberapa buah negeri di Malaysia terutama di Negeri Sembilan and Kelantan. Perkembangan mutakhir Tarekat Ahmadiyyah Idrisiyyah menunjukkan dominasi peranan dan pengaruh besar keturunan Sayyid Ahmad B. Idris yang berasal Sudan. Setelah hampir dua abad, pengamalan Tarekat ini di Malaysia masih kuat dipertahankan melalui jaringan hubungan guru-murid di peringkat antarangsa menggunakan pendekatan institusi tarekat.Kata kunci: Tarekat, Tarekat Muhammadiyyah, Ahmadiyyah, Idrisiyyah, Zikir 
      The Ahmadiyyah Idrisiyyah is a well-known tariqa in the Muslim World. It is been associated to Sayyid Abu al-`Abbas Ahmad b. Idris al-Hasani al-Ara`ishi Al-Fasi (1757-1837). This article aims to expose the emergence of the tariqa and its influence in Malaysia. To achieve the objectives, this article employs a qualitative research method. Data collection is done by two methods, namely library research and document analysis. The obtained data were then analysed using historical analysis. The result of this study shows that Tariqa Ahmadiyyah Idrisiyyah was originally a spiritual base reform movement. After the demise of Sayyid Ahmad B. Idris, his teachings have been spread through the medium of various tariqa instituitions by his students. The Tariqa Ahmadiyyah Idrisiyyah in Malaysia has been introduced into Malaysia around the middle of the 19th century from Mecca through the followers of Sayyid Ahmad B. Idris’ students. Since its introduction to Malaysia, it has become an influence tariqa in several states of Malaysia especially in Negeri Sembilan and Kelantan. Recent development of the Tariqa Ahmadiyya Idrisiyya shows the role and dominance of role of the Sayyid Ahmad B. Idris descendents from Sudan in spreading the tariqa influence within the Muslim community in Malaysia.  After nearly two centuries, the practiced of the Tariqa in Malaysia has been sustained through the chain of teacher-student relationship at the international level using the tariqa institutional approach .Keywords: Tariqa, Tariqa Muhammadiyyah, Ahmadiyyah, Idrisiyyah, Dhikr 
      PubDate: 2021-04-30
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Persepsi Belia Berisiko Liberal Terhadap Agenda Liberalisme (The
           Perception of Youth at Risk of Having Liberal Thought Towards Liberalism
           Agenda)

    • Authors: Norsaleha Mohd Salleh, Ahmad Munawar Ismail, Noor Hafizah Mohd Haridi, Mohd. Syairawi Mohd. Nor
      Abstract: Kajian ini bertujuan meninjau pandangan belia berisiko liberal terhadap agenda liberalisme. Liberalisme adalah pemikiran yang lahir daripada falsafah Barat, implikasi daripada penindasan dan kekejaman yang dilakukan gereja atas nama agama dan ketuhanan.  Kajian ini menggunakan metodologi kualitatif yang melibatkan temu bual bersama enam orang belia berisiko mempunyai pemikiran liberal. Pemilihan responden dibuat berdasarkan kecenderungan pemikiran dan penulisan mereka dalam media sosial yang dikenal pasti mempunyai risiko berfikiran liberal. Tulisan dan pandangan mereka terhadap isu-isu semasa berkaitan Islam dikupas mengikut pandangan logik tanpa asas agama  yang kukuh dan menolak autoriti agama sebagai satu alat penguatkuasaan terhadap umat Islam. Implikasinya lahirlah gaya fikir yang menyimpang daripada wahyu Allah SWT dan pandangan ulama muktabar. Dapatan kajian mendapati belia berisiko ini mempunyai kecenderungan terhadap pemikiran liberal dan mendukung liberalisme sebagai satu pilihan yang betul untuk umat Islam hari ini. Kajian juga menunjukkan faktor yang mendorong mereka berpegang dengan  liberalisme disebabkan perasaan trauma dan bimbang  terhadap apa yang pernah dilakukan gereja kepada penganut Kristian berulang kembali kepada umat Islam. Prejudis mereka kepada institusi agama sangat tinggi sehingga mendorong mereka menolak institusi agama sebagai badan yang menjaga urusan dan undang-undang  umat Islam. Kajian ini diharap dapat membuka ruang perbincangan yang lebih baik dengan kumpulan belia berisiko liberal agar mereka memahami Islam yang sebenar dan menyedari wujudnya perbezaan yang besar antara institusi Islam dan gereja.Kata kunci; belia; berisiko; pemikiran; liberal; trauma   This study surveyed the perception of youths at risk of having liberal thought towards liberalism agenda. Liberalism is a thought that was born from the western philosophy as the implication of the oppression and cruelty of the church in the name of religion and god. The study was conducted using qualitative methodology that has involved interview with six youths at risk of having liberal thought. The respondents were selected based on the inclination of their thoughts and writings in the social media that have been identified at risk of having liberal thought. Their writings and opinions towards the Islamic current issues were done solely based on logical perception with the absence of strong religious foundation and rejects religious authority as the enforcement tool for the Muslims. The implication is the birth of a thinking style that is derailed from Allah revealed knowledge and the opinions of erudite Muslim Scholars. The findings of the study found that the youths at risk incline towards liberal thinking and support liberalism as the right choice for Muslims today. The study also showed that the driving factor behind their liberal thinking is due to the trauma and concern towards what had been done by the church to the Christians would repeat itself among Muslims.  Their prejudice towards religious institution is very high to the extent it drives them to reject religious institution as the responsible body for the Muslim affairs and laws. It is hoped that this study can open the opportunity for better discussion with the youths at risk of having liberal thought so that they will be able to understand Islam in the real sense and then realize the big difference between Islamic and church institutions. Keywords: youth; at risk; thought; liberal; trauma  
      PubDate: 2021-04-30
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • The Theory of Post-Industrial Society (Teori Masyarakat Pasca-Industri)

    • Authors: Wan Fariza Alyati Wan Zakaria, Jabal M. Buaben
      Abstract: This articles attempts at firstly looking at Daniel Bell’s background and thereafter discussing selected themes of his thoughts regarding to the future society. This will be done by scrutinising his main intellectual works, particularly with regards to his theoretical analysis on the future society, namely the post-industrial society. The books are The Coming of Post-Industrial Society: A Venture in Social Forecasting (1973), The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism (1976) and The End of ideology (1960). Other materials written by Bell were also consulted wherever related. The methodology applied in this article is content analysis whereby key words related to post-industrial society such as knowledge, change and technology were analysed, criticised and thereafter used to understand the underlying framework or worldview that constitute the scholar’s ideas. The discussion on the results of this worldview suggests that the logical movement of history works in its deterministic way in which problems faced by the societies such as injustices, inequalities, poverty, racial divisions and so on will cease away and that the society will move towards a better and more desirable order. It is hoped that this article would contribute significantly to deepening our understanding on the discourse of the post-industrial society, and how it relates to our current context.Keywords: Theory; Post-Industrial; Future Society; Social Change; Daniel Bell Abstrak Artikel ini melihat latar belakang Daniel Bell, dan kemudiannya membincangkan beberapa tema pemikirannya berkenaan masyarakat masa depan. Hal ini dilakukan dengan menganalisa beberapa hasil karya beliau, terutamanya yang berkaitan analisis teori berkenaan masyarakat masa depan yang dikenali sebagai masyarakat pasca-industri. Karya-karya tersebut adalah The Coming of Post-Industrial Society: A Venture in Social Forecasting (1973), The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism (1976) dan The End of ideology (1960). Karya-karya lain yang ditulis oleh Bell juga dirujuk, di mana yang berkaitan. Metodologi yang digunapakai dalam artikel ini adalah analisis kandungan di mana katakunci yang berkaitan dengan masyarakat pasca-industri seperti ilmu pengetahuan, perubahan dan teknologi  dianalisa, dikritik dan kemudiannya diguna untuk memahami kerangka asas atau pandangan alam yang membina idea-idea tokoh. Perbincangan terhadap hasil pandangan alam ini mencadangkan bahawa pergerakan yang logik bagi sejarah berfungsi secara deterministic di mana permasalahan yang dihadapi oleh masyarakat seperti ketidakadilan, ketidaksamarataan, kemiskinan, pengasingan kaum dan sebagainya akan selesai dan masyarakat akan menjadi lebih baik dan tersusun. Justeru tulisan ini diharap  dapat memberi sumbangan dalam memperdalami kefahaman kita terhadap diskusi mengenai masyarakat pasca-industri serta bagaimana ia berkait dengan konteks masyarakat hari ini.Kata kunci: Teori; Pasca-Industri;  Masyarakat masa depan; Perubahan social; Daniel Bell
      PubDate: 2021-04-30
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Pemikiran Sisters in Islam dan Hak Asasi Manusia (Sisters in Islam’s
           Thought and Human Rights)

    • Authors: Indriaty Ismail, Ahmad Muhyuddin Hj Hassan
      Abstract: Sisters in Islam (SIS) adalah satu di antara organisasi feminisme Islam di Malaysia yang memperjuangkan emansipasi wanita. Ia telah dibentuk dalam tahun 1988 dan didaftarkan secara rasmi sebagai sebuah Badan Bukan Kerajaan (Non Governmental Organisation; NGO) pada tahun 1993 di bawah nama SIS Forum (Malaysia) Berhad.  Sungguhpun kemunculan SIS boleh dianggap baharu berbanding pertubuhan NGO wanita yang hadir lebih dahulu sebelumnya seperti National Council of Women’s Organizations (NCWO), namun SIS sejak awal kemunculannya lagi telah berjaya menjadi sebuah gerakan feminisme yang paling popular dan terkehadapan di Malaysia. Kajian mengenai perjuangan menegakkan hak-hak asasi manusia berkisar kepada persoalan sejauhmana kefahaman dan komitmen SIS terhadap perjuangan hak-hak manusia ini dalam kerangka perbahasan Islamnya. SIS telah mendakwa sebagai gerakan yang mengkaji, mempromosi dan memperjuangkan hak-hak asasi manusia menurut perspektif Islam. Kajian dilakukan secara kualitatif dan mengguna pakai semua data-data dokumentasi yang diperoleh untuk menghasilkan hasil dapatan kajian yang mantap. Berdasarkan kajian yang mendalam terhadap ideologi perjuangan SIS terhadap Hak Asasi Manusia dan pendirian mereka terhadap ideologi Islam Progresif, artikel ini menyimpulkan terdapat persamaan perjuangan konsep pergerakan SIS dengan asas dan ciri perjuangan Islam Liberal yang sekali gus membuktikan hujah bahawa SIS adalah dari aliran feminisme Islam Liberal. Konklusi ini dibuat berdasarkan sokongan mereka kepada aktiviti organisasi dan komuniti liberal yang berkembang di Malaysia seperti G25, Islamic Renaissance Front (IRF) dan Jaringan Islam Liberal (JIL) di Indonesia. Kumpulan mereka beranggapan bahawa mereka adalah sebagai penyelamat dan penyelesai masalah wanita dan pihak berautoriti agama dilihat sebagai pihak yang bersalah dan bermasalah.Kata kunci: Feminisme; Sisters in Islam; Islam Progresif; Islam Liberal; Hak Asasi Manusia.    Sisters in Islam (SIS) is one of the Muslim feminist organizations in Malaysia that fights for the emancipation of women. It was formed in 1988 and officially registered as a non-government organization (NGO) in 1993 under the name of SIS Forum (Malaysia) Berhad. Despite being considerably new as compared to other women NGOs such as National Council of Women’s Organizations (NCWO), SIS since the beginning of its inception has succeeded in becoming one of the most popular and prominent feminist movements in Malaysia. The study of the struggle for human rights revolves around the question of the extent to which SIS’s understanding and commitment to the struggle for human rights in its framework of Islamic debate. SIS has claimed to be a movement that studies, promotes and advocates human rights from the Islamic perspective. The study was conducted qualitatively and employed all the documented data to produce a robust study finding. Based on the profound study of SIS’s human rights ideology and their stance on the Progressive Islam’s school of thought, this article concludes the similitude of SIS’s movement concept with the fundamental and characteristic of the Liberal Islam, thus proves SIS’s affinity to the Liberal Islam’s ideology of feminism. These conclusions were made based on their affiliation in the activities of Malaysia’s growing liberal organizations and communities such as the G25, the Islamic Renaissance Front (IRF) and the Liberal Islamic Network (JIL) in Indonesia. The group depicts themselves as the liberator for Muslim women and propagator for their rights against discriminations by the so-called misguided and oppressive religious authorities.Keywords: Feminism; Sisters in Islam; Progressive Islam; Liberal Islam; Human Rights.
      PubDate: 2021-04-30
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Eeg sebagai Kaedah Berkesan untuk Memahami Aktiviti Neural Berkaitan
           Keupayan Golongan Miskin Membuat Keputusan (Eeg as an Effective Method to
           Measure Neural Correlates of Decision-Making in Poverty)

    • Authors: Hiran Perera-W.A., Khazriyati Salehuddin, Rozainee Khairudin, Alexandre Schaefer
      Abstract: Kajian tentang kemiskinan mendapati bahawa kesempitan kewangan (monetary scarcity) boleh memberi kesan ke atas fungsi kognitif dan keupayaan untuk membuat keputusan (decision-making). Hal ini kerana individu yang tergolong dalam kategori miskin, yang mengalami kesempitan kewangan, adalah lebih mudah terkesan oleh isu-isu yang berkaitan dengan belanjawan. Keadaan yang memaksa mereka sentiasa memikirkan isu-isu berkaitan dengan hal-hal kewangan ini boleh menyebabkan berlakunya peningkatan bebanan kognitif (cognitive load) yang akhirnya memberi kesan ke atas kemampuan mereka untuk membuat keputusan dengan berkesan. Kajian-kajian tingkah laku telah menunjukkan bahawa kesempitan kewangan menghalang fungsi kognitif; kesempitan kewangan ini sering kali menjadi faktor signifikan yang memberi kesan ke atas kemampuan untuk membuat keputusan. Walau bagaimanapun, mengapa kesempitan kewangan dan bebanan kognitif menghalang prestasi kognitif, dan sistem-sitem pemprosesan neural yang manakah yang terkesan akibat daripada keadaan ini masih belum dapat dijelaskan. Walaupun wujudnya perbezaan tingkah laku antara minda yang mengalami kesempitan dengan minda yang tidak mengalami kesempitan, perbezaan dalam fungsi neuro-kognitif masih belum diterokai. Pemahaman ke atas fungsi neural tertentu akan membantu dalam mengenal pasti bagaimana kesempitan boleh mengakibatkan proses-proses neuro-kognitif tertentu terhalang. Salah satu cara untuk mengukur aktiviti neural di dalam otak manusia ini ialah dengan menggunakan elektroensefalografi (EEG) Potensi Berkaitan Peristiwa (Event-Related Potential, ERP), yang mampu menilai aktiviti-aktiviti neuro-temporal tertentu. Makalah ini mengetengahkan pentingnya kajian ke atas asas neurobiologi tentang bagaimana kemiskinan memberi kesan ke atas fungsi kognitif. Pemahaman ke atas tingkah laku berkaitan aktiviti-aktiviti neural tertentu akan dapat membantu dalam membangunkan program-program intervensi yang berkesan yang boleh disasarkan untuk meningkatkan kebolehan membuat keputusan bagi individu-individu yang tergolong dalam golongan miskin.Kata kunci: EEG; ERP; Kemisikinan; Kesempitan Kewangan; Kawalan eksekutif   Studies on poverty have found that monetary scarcity can affect cognitive functioning and decision-making abilities. This is because, individuals who are poor, who experience monetary scarcity, can be easily triggered by budgetary issues and increased cognitive load as a result of having to constantly think about financial issues that eventually affect their ability to make effective decisions. Behavioural studies have found how increased cognitive load impedes cognitive performance and often becomes a significant factor that affects decision-making abilities. However, it is still unclear how cognitive load as a result of scarcity hinders cognitive performance, and what neural processing systems are being affected. Although there are behavioural differences between scarce mind and the non-scarce, the differences in neurobiological processes remain unexplored. Understanding specific neural correlates associated with monetary scarcity will facilitate in identifying how scarcity can impede specific neurocognitive processes. One way to measure neurobiological activity is by using electroencephalography (EEG) event-related potentials (ERPs), which is capable of capturing intrinsic neuro-temporal activities. This paper highlights the importance of investigating the neurobiological basis of how poverty affects cognitive performance. Understanding behaviors related specific neural activities will help to facilitate in developing effective intervention programs that can be targeted to improve decision-making abilities for the poor.Keywords: EEG; ERP; Poverty; Monetary Scarcity; Executive Function
      PubDate: 2021-04-30
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Pengaruh Faktor Personaliti Pengurus Projek dalam Projek Pembangunan
           (Influence of Project Managers’ Personality Factor in Development
           Projects)

    • Authors: Nurul Huda Musa, Azima Abdul Manaf
      Abstract: Kejayaan projek lazimnya dinilai melalui pencapaian kriteria masa, kos dan skop atau lebih dikenali sebagai iron triangle. Dalam konteks projek pembangunan pula, pencapaian impak projek merupakan kriteria kejayaan projek yang penting di samping pencapaian iron triangle. Pencapaian kriteria kejayaan projek ini dipengaruhi oleh pelbagai faktor yang perlu dikenal pasti oleh pihak yang bertanggungjawab dalam menguruskan projek. Dalam hal ini, pengurus projek dilihat mempunyai kapasiti tanggungjawab yang paling besar terhadap kejayaan projek. Oleh itu, pengurus projek perlu memahami konteks projek dengan menyeluruh dalam menentukan pencapaian kejayaan projek. Oleh yang demikian faktor personaliti ditekankan kerana dapat menggambarkan pemahaman dan kecenderungan individu terhadap persekitarannya dengan konsisten. Oleh itu, kajian ini dijalankan untuk mengenal pasti sejauh mana pengaruh faktor personaliti  pengurus projek dalam menentukan kejayaan mengurus sesebuah projek pembangunan. Kajian kuantitatif dijalankan menggunakan kaji selidik personaliti berdasarkan Model Personaliti Lima Faktor dan persepsi terhadap keberkesanan mengurus projek. Kajian dijalankan ke atas keseluruhan pengurus projek yang bertugas di Unit Penyelarasan Pelaksanaan, Jabatan Perdana Menteri yang berjumlah seramai 80 orang. Hasil kajian dianalisis menggunakan kolerasi Pearson dan regresi linear berganda untuk menjelaskan pengaruh personaliti pengurus projek terhadap keberkesanan mengurus projek. Keputusan kajian  mendapati kebersetujuan, keberhemahan,ekstroversi dan keterbukaan  mempunyai hubungan yang signifikan dalam mempengaruhi keberkesanan mengurus pengurus projek. Analisis mendapati    ekstroversi dan kebersetujuan merupakan faktor yang paling dominan dalam menentukan keberkesanan mengurus projek. Oleh itu, faktor ciri personaliti pengurus projek perlu diberikan penekanan khusus dalam menentukan keberkesanan kejayaan mengurus   projek pembangunan. Kata kunci: pengurusan projek pembangunan; kejayaan projek; pengurus projek; personaliti; keberkesanan mengurus projek   The success of the project is usually assessed through the achievement of time, cost and scope criteria or better known as an iron triangle. In the context of development projects, project impact achievements are important to project success criteria as well as iron triangle achievement. The achievement of the success criteria of the project is influenced by various factors that need to be identified by the responsible parties in managing the project. In this regard, project managers are seen to have the greatest responsibility capacity for the success of the project. Therefore, project managers need to understand the context of the project thoroughly in determining the success of the project. Therefore, personality factors are emphasized because they can reflect the individual's understanding and inclination towards his environment consistently. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify the extent of the influence of project managers' personality factors in determining the success of managing a development project. Quantitative studies were conducted using personality surveys based on the Five-Factor Personality Model and the perception of the effectiveness of managing the project. The study was conducted on all project managers working in the Implementation Coordination Unit, Prime Minister's Department with a total number of 80 people. The result of the study was analyzed using Pearson's correlation and multiple linear regressions to explain the influence of the project manager's personality on the effectiveness of managing the project. The results of the study found that consensus, prudence, extroversion and openness had a significant relationship in influencing the effectiveness of managing project by the managers. The analysis found that extroversion and consensus are the most dominant factor in determining the effectiveness of managing the project. Therefore, the personality characteristic factor of the project manager should be given special emphasis on determining the effectiveness of the success of managing development projects.Keywords: development project management; project success; project manager; personality; project management effectiveness
      PubDate: 2021-04-30
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • The Geopolitics of Xi Jinping’s Chinese Dream: Problems and
           Prospects

    • Authors: Mohd Ikbal Mohd Huda, Syarifah Nattassyya Aidid
      PubDate: 2021-04-30
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 1 (2021)
       
 
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