Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1664 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (22 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (262 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (30 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (16 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (90 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (56 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (953 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (44 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (175 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (953 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 201 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
Drustvena istrazivanja     Open Access  
Društvene i Humanističke Studije     Open Access  
Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
E-Dimas : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access  
E-Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
E-l@tina : Revista Electrónica de Estudios Latinoamericanos     Open Access  
Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Eat, Sleep, Work     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EAU Heritage Journal Social Science and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economic and Regional Studies / Studia Ekonomiczne i Regionalne     Open Access  
Économie et Solidarités     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Educación, Lenguaje y Sociedad     Open Access  
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
EFB Bioeconomy Journal     Open Access  
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Ejovoc (Electronic Journal of Vocational Colleges)     Open Access  
El Ágora USB     Open Access  
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi / Electronic Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Emotions : History, Culture, Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Émulations : Revue de sciences sociales     Open Access  
Encuentros : Revista de Ciencias Humanas, Teoría Social y Pensamiento Crítico     Open Access  
Encuentros Multidisciplinares     Open Access  
Enfoques     Open Access  
Enjeux et société : Approches transdisciplinaires     Open Access  
Enlace Universitario     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Equidad y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Espace populations sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Avanzados     Open Access  
Estudios del Desarrollo Social : Cuba y América Latina     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Estudios digital     Open Access  
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access  
Estudios Latinoamericanos     Open Access  
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access  
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access  
Etcétera : Revista del Área de Ciencias Sociales del CIFFyH     Open Access  
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ethnic and Racial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Ethnobotany Research & Applications : a journal of plants, people and applied research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
eTropic : electronic journal of studies in the tropics     Open Access  
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
EUREKA : Social and Humanities     Open Access  
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Cooperation     Open Access  
European Journal of Futures Research     Open Access  
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies - Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European View     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ExT : Revista de Extensión de la UNC     Open Access  
Fa Nuea Journal     Open Access  
Families, Relationships and Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Family Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family Process     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Family Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fields: Journal of Huddersfield Student Research     Open Access  
Finance and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Fırat Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Flaubert     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Formation emploi     Open Access  
FORO. Revista de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales, Nueva Época     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Forskning & Forandring : Research and Change     Open Access  
Forum Ilmu Sosial     Open Access  
Forum Marsilius-Kolleg     Open Access  
Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Fourth World Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Fronteiras : Journal of Social, Technological and Environmental Science     Open Access  
Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Funes. Journal of Narratives and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Future Times     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Gdańskie Studia Azji Wschodniej     Open Access  
Genocide Studies and Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Genocide Studies International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Géographie et cultures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ghana Journal of Development Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Gizarte Ekonomiaren Euskal Aldizkaria : Revista Vasca de Economía Social     Open Access  
Global Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences     Open Access  
Global Journal of Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Global Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Graduate Journal of Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Graduate School Journal Chiang Rai Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Grafía     Open Access  
Grassroots     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Grief Matters : The Australian Journal of Grief and Bereavement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Gruppe. Interaktion. Organisation. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Organisationspsychologie (GIO)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
GSTF Journal of Law and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Guacamaya     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Güvenlik Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Hábitat y Sociedad     Open Access  
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hallazgos     Open Access  
Harmoni Sosial : Jurnal Pendidikan IPS     Open Access  
Hatyai Academic Journal     Open Access  
Hayula : Indonesian Journal of Multidisciplinary Islamic Studies     Open Access  
Herencia     Open Access  
Heritage     Open Access  
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Higher Education of Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Homo Ludens     Open Access  
HONAI : International Journal for Educational, Social, Political & Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Horizontes LatinoAmericanos     Open Access  
Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Human Behavior, Development and Society     Open Access  
Humanities and Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Humanities and Social Sciences Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Humanities and Social Sciences Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Graduate School, Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Humanities and Social Sciences Journal, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences Studies (HASSS)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Huria : Journal of the Open University of Tanzania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hydra : Interdisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
I+D Revista de Investigaciones     Open Access  
IASSIST Quarterly     Open Access  
Iberoforum. Revista de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Iberoamericana     Open Access  
Iconos. Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Idealogando : Revista de Ciências Sociais da UFPE     Open Access  
IdeAs. Idées d'Amérique     Open Access  
Identities : Journal for Politics, Gender and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
IDS Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Illness, Crisis & Loss     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Im@go. A Journal of the Social Imaginary     Open Access  
imagonautas : Revista interdisciplinaria sobre imaginarios sociales     Open Access  
Immigrants & Minorities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
In Situ : Au regard des sciences sociales     Open Access  
Inclusión y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Indiana University Journal of Undergraduate Research     Open Access  
Infinitum: Revista Multidisciplinar     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Informação em Pauta     Open Access  
Informes Científicos - Técnicos UNPA     Open Access  
Infrastructure Complexity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
INSANCITA : Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia     Open Access  
Integrated Social Science Journal : Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Mahidol University     Open Access  
Interações : Cultura e Comunidade     Open Access  
International and Multidisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Communication of Chinese Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences (IJASOS)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal for Transformative Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Academic Research in Business, Arts & Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Bahamian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Business and Social Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Business, Humanities, Education and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Conflict and Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Cultural and Social Studies (IntJCSS)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cultural Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Culture and Modernity     Open Access  
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Divination and Prognostication     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Growth and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Iberian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Information, Diversity, & Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Innovative Research and Scientific Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Intercultural Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Korean Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Language and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Management and Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Management, Economics and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies     Open Access  
International Journal of Punishment and Sentencing, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Qualitative Methods     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Research and Scholarly Communication     Open Access  
International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Social and Allied Research     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Social and Humanistic Computing     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Social And Humanities Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Social and Organizational Dynamics in IT     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Social Research Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
International Journal of Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Social Science Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Social Sciences and Education Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
International Journal of Synergy and Research     Open Access  
International Journal of the Sociology of Leisure     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal Pedagogy of Social Studies     Open Access  
International Quarterly for Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Research Journal of Arts & Humanities     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Communication of Chinese Culture
Number of Followers: 4  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2197-4233 - ISSN (Online) 2197-4241
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Cultural mission and international communication of Chinese documentaries

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: 2022-05-18
       
  • The paths and strategies for China’s cultural communication to Arab
           countries in the era of media convergence

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      PubDate: 2022-05-18
       
  • “Looking China” and “Understanding China”: the third pole culture
           and learning to be human

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      Abstract: Abstract In order to put the theory of "Third Pole Film Culture" into practice, and to strengthen cross-cultural communication between China, the United States and Europe in the area of film production, the Academy for International Communication of Chinese Culture has established an interesting and creative film making project entitled “Looking China Youth Film Project”. The present article describes and evaluates the intercultural implications of this project, which connects young people from different parts of the world creating thereby global relations that can be seen as a new hope for innovative intercultural syntheses that can offer us a solid common foundation of a new global ethics, which is more needed now than ever before. The paper concludes that the Third Pole Looking China Young Film project offers a lot of new opportunities to explore and experience the vast arena of intercultural and global human learning.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40636-021-00233-1
       
  • The neonatal practice of Yuezi in Western Fujian Hakka villages

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      Abstract: Abstract In the Chinese traditional family system, childbirth marks the passage of the young daughter-in-law into motherhood, and also raises her status within the family. When a child is born, mother and baby are confined in the childbirth room for a period variable from 30–40 to 100 days: the yuezi (月子) period. This medical related practice, recorded in classical texts, is widespread in contemporary China, and in urban areas a great number of yuezi centers are offering their services to new mothers who do not have the knowledge, or the material prerequisites, to observe it. In this article, the author analyzes some interviews collected during her fieldwork research, which took place between 2014 and 2019 in Hakka rammed-earth building (tulou 土楼) communities in West Fujian. The research highlights the social function of this isolation practice in Hakka culture rural villages, where in the past women were left to take care of the household while men emigrated to earn money. In this context, the relationship between the daughter-in-law and the mother-in-law was the basic requisite for harmony in the family. The author demonstrates that this period of time had the function of creating and reinforcing the bond between the two women, whereas in contemporary urban society the practice appears to be confined to its mechanical performance, with diminished attention to its psycho-social implications.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40636-021-00234-0
       
  • From electronic heroin to created in China: game reports and
           gaming discourse in China 1981–2017 

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper focuses on the Chinese news coverage on Chinese gaming and identifies four phases of such journalism. All the 1718 news articles on games in People’s Daily from 1981 to 2017 are explored from the theoretical perspective of CDA. The paper tries to answer how Chinese mainstream news media construct the image of games and gamers by tracing the change of the number, keywords and attitudes of all reports; analyzing the six frames in the discourse practice of the reports; and discussing the interactions between the reports and the social cultural practices in different time periods.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40636-021-00232-2
       
  • Protection and dissemination of Chinese intangible cultural heritage
           based on digital games

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      Abstract: Abstract The protection and dissemination of intangible cultural heritage in China has evolved from a single industry behavior to social efforts involving extensive participation in multiple fields. How to raise the young generation's awareness has become an important issue in the protection and dissemination of intangible cultural heritage. After analyzing the current status of digital games, this paper proposes that digital games should be used as a new media in the protection and dissemination of Chinese intangible cultural heritage. The design of a light game based on WeChat platform in which Hangzhou’s traditional cuisine culture is presented as an example to show techniques of integrating the elements of intangible cultural heritage into the game design effectively.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40636-021-00237-x
       
  • The divisiveness of Chinese identities in Singapore

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      Abstract: Abstract In July 2019, the Jamestown Foundation, an American think tank, published a report accusing China of imposing a Chinese identity onto Singapore through propaganda and influence operations. In this article, I argue that the Jamestown report is factually inaccurate and is itself an influence operation aimed at engendering distrust towards China. The re-discovery of a Chinese cultural identity by some Chinese Singaporeans—from Lee Kuan Yew to Nathan Hartono—is fuelled not by China’s clandestine influence operations, but by an intrinsic desire to mend ruptures in one's cultural heritage. Historically, the Chinese in Singapore have discarded or re-adopted their Chinese cultural identities depending on the degree to which contact is kept with China. When contact with China diminishes, successive generations of Singapore Chinese inevitably cease to identify China as a cultural motherland. When contact with China resumes, the Chinese in Singapore have frequently become divided, split into those who culturally identify as Chinese and those who do not. Since the 1978 reform and opening-up of China, the restoration of contact between China and Singapore have led to a rekindling of interest amongst Chinese Singaporeans in their cultural identities. This rekindling yields three major consequences. Firstly, Chinese Singaporeans may become further divided in terms of their cultural identity, with de-Sinicised, monolingual English speakers on one extreme and re-Sinicised, cultural Chinese on the other. Secondly, successive generations of re-Sinicised Singaporeans may grow up imbibing China’s cultural exports, thereby becoming less distinct from their mainland Chinese counterparts. Thirdly, Singapore’s government will remain incentivised to continually emphasise the distinctness of the Chinese Singaporean identity from Chinese elsewhere.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40636-021-00235-z
       
  • The characteristics, value, and transformation of the calendrical and
           public festivals of the ethnic Chinese community in the Mekong Delta,
           Vietnam

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      Abstract: Abstract The ethnic Chinese community in Vietnam’s Mekong Delta region has vividly embedded in Confucian traditions, inheriting Chinese culture through ceremonies and festivals held in the family and folk belief institutions. In each ceremony, the festival demonstrates the ideological, educational, and cultural value conferred by the ethnic identity. The practice of rituals and festivals expresses the psychology and aspirations of the ethnic Chinese living in the peculiar social and economic life of the Mekong Delta region. However, these festivals have changed in the current context. This article focuses on research to clarify the characteristics, values, and changes in the ethnic Chinese calendrical and public festivals in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40636-021-00236-y
       
  • Impacts of Confucianism on Vietnamese culture

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      Abstract: Abstract Confucianism is a doctrine that has got a strong influence on Vietnamese culture for 1900 years, particularly in two periods of Later Lê Dynasty (1428–1527) and Early Nguyễn Dynasty (1802–1883). Although the doctrine is not rooted in the lower class, it has seriously affected the upper class and strata in Vietnamese society. In addition to the folk culture closely related to ethnic consciousness, Confucianism contributed to the formation of medieval orthodox culture. At the same time, conservatism of the Confucianism increased, making a certain negative impact on Vietnamese culture in both spiritually and materially. It is believed that the stronger Confucianism is, the weaker Vietnam and her local culture become. Eventually, when Vietnam lost national rule at the end of the nineteenth century, Confucianism became helpless and subsided.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40636-021-00228-y
       
  • A comparative study of William Wordsworth’s “Home at Grasmere” and
           Li Bai’s “Sitting Alone on Mount Jingting” and “Drinking Alone
           under the Moon”

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      Abstract: Abstract Human emotions that stem from their nature are the same in spite of the differences in their nationality, race, gender, educational style, age, etc.; they are also irrelevant to the historical backgrounds, social customs, cultural norms, etc. Humanity is actually about the commonality and interconnectedness of human behavior. These shared emotions are universal in reality, such as, a smile after appreciating the beauty of the sunset, a tear shed while seeing a flower unfolding its petals, or a sigh after the departure of the migratory birds. The core of ecological thinking mode is that everything is connected to everything else. An eco-critical reading of literary works is to transcend these artificial divisions and classifications and to re-establish the internal links among these texts. This work is a comparative study of a British Romantic poet William Wordsworth’s poem and a Chinese Romantic poet Li Bai’s poem from an ecological perspective. Through textual analysis, it intends and tries to highlight the internal link between the poems of these two poets by adopting an ecological stance. In the meantime, it also attempts to shed light on the perception of Romanticism by discussing the selected texts relevant to this concept within an international scope (both the East and the West). There are not enough detailed examples in the current literature to illustrate the identical application of similar poetics, themes, implications in British Romantic poems and Chinese Romantic poems. Therefore, this work tries to bridge the gap by emphasizing these writing techniques applied (i.e. the pathetic fallacy, perspective-taking, and personification) and the topics (e.g. loneliness/solitude, the non-human environment, home, connection, etc.) touched upon in the texts.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40636-021-00230-4
       
  • Narrations of the “China Threat:” An analysis of the discursive roots
           of US-Western China perception from the beginning of the twenty-first
           century until the Trump presidency

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      Abstract: This article examines the discursive roots of current attitudes towards the People’s Republic of China (PR-China; PRC) in the United States of America’s (US-America; USA) public sphere. Through a discourse analysis employing a wide range of twenty-first century bestsellers, the development of discursive “China” is traced from the beginning of the new millennium until today. The article finds two dominant modes of writing the “other” in popular US-American PR-China literature. In contradictory discourses, PR-China is seen as a “Communist Evil Empire” in the one mode, and it is seen as an “Orientalist Wilderness” in the other. Both modes are driven by pre-established patterns of sense-making and stay ignorant to a large degree of the PRC as a thing in and by itself, the article concludes. Graphic
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40636-021-00229-x
       
  • A review of Chenyang Li’s Confucian Philosophy in a Comparative Age

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      Abstract: Abstract This article is a review of Confucian Philosophy in a Comparative Age (比较的时代: 中西视野中的儒家哲学前沿问题, Beijing: Zhongguo Shehui Kexue Chubanshe, 2019) by Chenyang Li. The book compares the different cultural configurations of values in China and the West and explores the conceptual changes of Confucianism in the face of five challenges: science, democracy, feminism, environmentalism, and the survival of the Confucian tradition. Li discusses Confucian responses to these challenges by concentrating on the practical issues of Confucianism, which are situated in its transcendental heaven-earth-humanity triad, with a focus on the comparability between Confucian and Western ideas.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40636-021-00222-4
       
  • On the relevance of transcendence in understanding Chinese thought: a
           response to Wang-Shik Jang

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      Abstract: Abstract David Hall and Roger Ames have argued that the concept of strict transcendence, while central to the history of Western philosophy and theology, has played little to no part in the development of Chinese philosophy and religion. To be sure, the truth of any claim about the importance of transcendence within a tradition depends on what is meant by transcendence. But despite Hall and Ames’ attempt to formulate their claim in terms of strict transcendence, critics like Wang Shik Jang have suggested that Hall and Ames’ argument equivocates, overstates the obvious, and suppresses evidence to the contrary. In this paper I will argue that Jang’s criticisms are unfounded, and in fact present a clear example of just the sort of danger Hall and Ames warn of—namely, misreading Chinese philosophy through the lens of European Christian culture.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40636-021-00227-z
       
  • On an alternative logic of knowing (知 Zhi) in Zhuang Zi: a comparison of
           knowing sets to knowing the way

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper is an effort to explore a possible common ground for a discourse in comparative logic. Along with Roger Ames’ and David Hall’s inquiry into the lack of transcendence in Chinese philosophy, the author of this paper investigates why and how, according to Zhuang Zi’s wisdom, treating myriad things, wan wu 萬物, and I as one could be a way to understand dao. Using Cantor-Husserl’s set theory, especially Edmund Husserl’s contributions on the involvement of the intentionality or a subjective “I” in the process of knowing sets, the author argues that classical Chinese is a pictographic language and every radical groups a list of characters in a way that is similar to how a set includes its elements. Thinking in sets shapes a unique linguistical habit of dividing kinds and sorting things. Logic of sets is the alternative logic that Zhuang Zi practices. Two efforts are made for reinterpreting Zhuang Zi from the perspective of sets. First, borrowing a few basic concepts from set theory, the author compares four characteristics of Husserl’s concept of sets to Zhuang Zi’s way of sorting myriad things. Second, the author explores Zhuang Zi’s wisdom of meditating into a state of losing one’s self, which he calls as “an empty set, ji xu 集虚.” For both set theory and Daoism, an empty set or emptiness can be a subset of every set or every possible world. When the boundary between a subjective “I” and myriad things disappears, myriad things and I are one. On the basis of the logic of sets, Husserl’s “lived experience” in the cognitive process and Zhuang Zi’s “losing I” in meditation could open an interesting discourse.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40636-021-00218-0
       
  • Teaching the Dao: monotheism, transcendence, and intercultural philosophy

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper considers Daoism from the perspective of teaching Chinese philosophy in a Western setting: To what extent can we think of the Dao as a single unifying principle that organizes the whole field of experience' And is the Dao an absolute foundation—like God—which is meant to be a metaphysical ultimate' To answer these questions, I compare Daoism with monotheism in the Western tradition, and I argue that the Dao is an immanent principle of wholeness rather than a transcendent ideal. I discuss some of the difficulties of teaching the Dao De Jing and The Book of Zhuang Zi in a Western setting; but at the same time, I suggest that Daoism is an important philosophy for anyone who is concerned about the natural world and the increasing threat of environmental disaster. Finally, while Western philosophy seems to prioritize theory over practice, in Daoism practice is given priority over theory, and this is why Daoism is still appealing as a form of spiritual life. For the sake of consistency, I use Pinyin for Chinese philosophers’ names and some of their texts throughout.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40636-021-00225-1
       
  • Transcendence and Tian in the Analects

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      Abstract: Abstract While appreciating Roger Ames and David Halls’ provoking thoughts on the lack of transcendence in Chinese philosophy, the author of this paper discusses transcendence in the Chinese tradition by re-examining an important notion, tian 天, in Confucius’ Analects. Ames and Hall employ tian as strong evidence to reject the transcendent reading in the translation of tian as “Heaven”—having listed all the lines/places where tian is used in Analects. The author argues that although tian in the Analects differs from the Christian God as a creator, it is a purposeful supreme being that “goes beyond” the human world. Comparing it to Aristotle’s notion of God (theos), the author thinks that Aristotle’s theos differs from the Judo-Christian conception God. For Aristotle, contemplation, the highest human activity, is also what characterizes God. Contemplation, then, becomes a special link between human beings and the universe. Theos and tian share some similar nature traits. When one exercises contemplative activity, it puts one in the state of being one with God. Both Confucius and Aristotle intend to actualize what is divine in us internally. Philosophically, Confucius’ heavenly-based mission could be compared to Socrates’ divine mission of doing philosophy. The author concludes that tian is not a deity that creates the world, as Hall and Ames point out. However, when discussing lacking transcendence, one should keep in mind that the Judeo-Christian tradition is foreign idea not only to the Chinese tradition, but to the Ancient Greeks as well.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40636-021-00220-6
       
  • Transcendent in Action: The Cover Books as Interlinear Commentary

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      Abstract: Abstract Chinese artists like Ai Weiwei and his peers broadened interaction between China and the West by publishing a series known as the Cover books during the 1990s. While Ai is known internationally for his views, little attention is paid to literary efforts he undertook when returning to Beijing after spending time in the United States. Contributions by him and peers Xu Bing and Zeng Xiaojun translating important texts from Modern and contemporary art into Chinese necessitated a writing style akin to the works of Chinese philosophers like Zhu Xi. By paralleling the discourse of Chinese classics, Ai and his peers have broadened discussions in China beyond the realms of politics and economics. Their commentary in the Cover books contextualizes the work of important artists from the West as well as the concepts guiding their art. The books are consequential to artistic practice in China and encourage greater engagement by Chinese amid a heterodox world. They should be regarded as works of literature discussing art as well as the notion of transcendence—one achieved by aligning thought with action.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40636-021-00223-3
       
  • Mou Zongsan’s concept of immanent-transcendence

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      Abstract: Abstract Beginning with David Hall and Roger Ames’s critique of Mou Zongsan’s concept of “immanent transcendence,” this paper examines the meaning and importance of this concept in Mou’s assertion that Chinese philosophy is unique and superior, through his engagement with the philosophy of Immanuel Kant and his comparisons of Chinese and Western philosophical traditions. Rejecting Kant’s “epistemological path” as deficient, Mou argues that knowledge of the transcendent is possible through moral practice, as demonstrated by the Confucian tradition. His merging of immanence and transcendence implies a different relation between ethics and religion compared with the way Kant himself conceived that relation. Despite the emphasis on practice in his understanding of Confucian spirituality, Mou’s approach is significantly different from a Dewey inspired Pragmatist approach to claims about transcendence. The paper contextualizes the theoretical choices in the development of Mou’s philosophy within China’s historical encounter with Dewey’s Pragmatism, and Mou’s own perception of his mission in a period of cultural crisis.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40636-021-00226-0
       
  • Transcendence vs. lacking transcendence: a dialogue on God, form, picture,
           Dao, and myriad things

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      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40636-021-00219-z
       
  • Xunzi and the “Great Pattern”

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      Abstract: Abstract Xunzi was chronologically third of the three great Confucian philosophers of the classical period, following Confucius and Mencius. I have elsewhere argued for a constructivist, as opposed to a realist, interpretation of Xunzi’s philosophy. On the constructivist account, sages and exemplary persons are responsible for the contingent social artifice that characterize the way. Unlike realism, according to which there is just one right way, constructivism is compatible with pluralism. This article responds to the work of Aaron Stalnaker, specifically his critique of the constructivist account as it pertains to the concept li 理 (pattern). Stalnaker appeals to Xunzi’s use of the phrase “dali” 大理, which he translates “the Great Pattern.” Stalnaker also emphasizes certain passages that he believes suggest a realist interpretation of Xunzi. I explain why this issue is fundamentally about whether or not Xunzi’s view presupposes transcendence, and then I explain why neither the passages Stalnaker emphasizes nor Xunzi’s use of the phrase dali strongly suggest a transcendent realism. Finally, I highlight other passages that tend to suggest a constructivist interpretation. While a decisive conclusion cannot be drawn, I argue that, on the whole, the constructivist account appears to provide the more consistent interpretation of Xunzi’s worldview.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40636-021-00221-5
       
 
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